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April 29, 1922. 



MAKERS OF AMERICA SERIES 



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VOL. Ill 



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1917 

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THE ri.. 

JBLIC L: / 

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S.STOR. LEITO-X AND 
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Copyrighted, 1917 

by 
B. F. Johnson, Inc. 



FOREWORD 

THE biographical and family history sketches contained in 
this, the third volume of the "Makers of America" series, are 
more detailed and of greater length than most of those included 
in the two preceding volumes. No effort has been spared te 
make them as complete as the space, necessarily limited, per- 
mitted, and it is hoped that they will meet with the full approval 
of the families represented and of the public generally. 

A study of the lives of those who have given kindly and 
generous service to their fellowmen, and who, by right and 
honorable living, great industry and strenuous endeavor, have 
done, and done well, work not easy of accomplishment, is of the 
greatest value and profit. Not only is this true in point of 
instruction imparted, but the admiration elicited by this study 
enkindles in the young a wish, often a determination, to "go and 
do likewise." As the desire to emulate, at least to some extent, 
the achievements of other men is so natural to the human heart, 
it is easy to understand the advantages resulting from a good 
mental environment, and the benefits to be gained by a serious 
study of such volumes as the "Makers of America" series. Such 
careers as are herein portrayed are altogether worthy of per- 
manent record and their histories should properly form part of 
the literature of the world that others may be benefited by the 
information thus conveyed and by the lessons ready for all who 
would learn. 

Those who, by their interest and support, have rendered 
possible the publication of this series of biographical and histor- 
ical works are to be congratulated. They are, by so doing, not 
only keeping green the memory of their ancestors to whom they 

[5] 



O FOREWORD 

owe so much which, on the part of thinking people, is held to 
be a sacred privilege and duty but they are also helping the 
present and will aid future generations to "greater effort and 
nobler service." As has been said: "Honorable ancestry has 
ever been held in veneration by mankind. This is abundantly 
exhibited in sacred Writ and in the ancient classics, and is now 
patent among every existing people; it inspires self-respect and 
is a potent incentive to virtue, as, in a dutiful contemplation of 
the worthy lives of our progenitors, we can but desire to walk 
in their footsteps." 

What an amount of patient and laborious research has been 
involved, and what long hours of careful writing, comparison 
and revision these volumes represent, can, of course, be fully 
appreciated only by those who have an intimate knowledge of 
work of this special character. Our thanks are due to all who 
have, in any way, assisted. To the searchers who have consulted 
almost innumerable books, periodicals and manuscripts to secure 
or verify the facts; to the writers who have put in literary form 
the data thus secured, and who have woven the whole series of 
narratives into one harmonious whole; to the photographers 
who have taken such pains to secure and finish the special kind 
of pictures wanted; to the engravers who have so skilfully trans- 
ferred to plates of steel the likeness of the representatives of 
these families; and to the printers and binders who have been 
responsible for the mechanical excellence of the volumes we 
tender our grateful acknowledgments and hereby publicly express 
our appreciation. 

The publishers and editors will have as their special reward 
that precious feeling of satisfaction always experienced as a 
result of the faithful discharge of a privileged duty, and the 
knowledge that this volume and the others of the series may 
serve to make more popular the study of individual family 
history in America, to the greater good of our country and to the 
added welfare of its people. 

LEONARD WILSON, 

Editor-in-Chief. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill 

PAGE PAGE PAGE 

ADAMS, BLAKE BRADDY 297 

ADAMS, WALTER JONES 150 

BABINGTON, KOBERT BENJAMIN 608 

BAKER, DR. JULIAN MEREDITH 558 

BAKER, RALEIGH JAMES 425 

BALDWIN, ROBERT ARCHER 512 

BALLANCE, JOHN HENRY 585 

BANNER, CHARLES WHITLOCK 218 

BATES, WILLIAM T. CAPERS 224 

BATTLE, DR. SAMUEL WESTRAY 463 

BEARD, PETER BRYCE 318 

BECKWITH, JAMES FRANCIS 147 

BELL, JAMES RANDALL KENT 523 

BELLAMY, JOHN DILLARD 435 

BETHEA, WILLIAM THADDEUS 389 

BEVERLEY, JAMES BRADSHAW 117 

BIGGS, JOHN DAWSON 429 

BILL, DAVID SPENCER 165 

BIRD, WILLIAM WALLACE 466 

BISHOP, WILLIAM PRESTON 232 

BLAKEMORE, JOHN EDWARD 458 

BOLTON, CHANNING MOORE 171 

BOUTWELL WILLIAM Ro WE 179 

BOWDOIN, DR. JOHN WILLIAM 148 

BOWEN FAMILY, THE 489 

BOWLES, WILSON WESLEY 553 

BOXLEY, JAMES GARLAND 142 

BRADHAM, CAPT. CALEB DAVIS 428 

BRANCH, CHRISTOPHER GARY 471 

BRIDGEFORTH, GEORGE B ASKERVILLB 241 

BRINSON, SAMUEL MITCHELL 588 

BROWN, WILLIAM WALLACE 90 

BRYAN, JUDGE HENRY RAVENSCROFT 46 

BRYAN, JAMES AUGUSTUS 535 

BURRUSS, MRS. MARGARET WALTER DBY 394 

BURRUSS, NATHANIEL 386 

CALDWELL, ROBERT DAVID 247 

[7] 



8 TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill 

PAGE PAGE PAGE 

CAMP, ELDAD CICERO 327 

CAMP, JAMES MAGNUS 51 

CARPENTER,, JAMES CLUVERIUS 187 

CARROLL, JAMES ALEXANDER 288 

CHADBOURN, ARTHUR STANLEY 574 

CHANCELLOR, SAMUEL CLEVELAND 201 

CHESTER, CHARLES THOMAS 373 

CHEW, ROGER PRESTON 206 

CHICHESTER, RICHARD HENRY LEE 204 

CLARK, WILLIAM SAMUEL 346 

CLARY, WHITFIELD SPENCER 254 

COLE, GEORGE HENRY PHILLIP 61 

COLEMAN, LEWIS MINOR 406 

COLES, PEYTON SKIPWITH 155 

COOKE, ARTHUR WAYLAND 213 

COOPER, THOMAS HENRY 375 

CORLEY, JOHN GREENE 216 

CORRIHER, FANNIE E 319 

COVER, JESSE REESE 529 

COVINGTON, THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT. . 327 

Co WART, SLATER 532 

DAVIDSON, DR. CHARLES HYDE 512 

DAVIS, ORIN DATUS 612 

DAVIS, SAMUEL LEE 276 

DEAL, CALVIN JEREMIAH 588 

DELANO, WILLIAM JOSEPH 595 

DENT, STOUTEN HUBERT 442 

DICK, JOHN EMMETT 562 

DICKINSON, ROBERT WALTER 210 

DICKINSON, JAMES HATLER 540 

DILLON, JAMES W 500 

DOBIE, LUCAN IRENE 332 

DOBYNS, THOMAS MITCHELL 551 

DREWRY, JOHN COLIN 24 

DUNSMORE, JAMES GASTON 222 

EARLY, SAMUEL HENRY 381 

EBERWINE, JOHN GEORGE 233 

EDMUNDS, MRS. ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE. . 38 

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH LITTLETON 32 

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH NICHOLAS 25 

EGGLESTON, JOSEPH DUPUY 236 

EIDSON, JOHN DANIEL 566 

ELLIOTT, KEMP BERNARD 243 

ELLISON, JOHN WILLIS 372 

EWELL, JOHN CHOWNING 556 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill 

PAGE PAGE PAGE 

FAULKNER, CHARLES JAMES 81 

FINLEY, WILLIAM WILSON 271 

FITZGERALD, HARRISON ROBERTSON 329 

FLETCHER, ROBERT 317 

FORREST, WILLIAM MENTZEL 334 

FOSTER, JOHN MANLY 434 

GILL, HOWARD WINFIELD 77 

GLASCOCK, THOMAS 323 

GLASGOW, FRANK THOMAS 53 

GODWIN, CHARLES BERNARD 176 

GOODW YN, COL. EDWARD EVERARD 480 

GRADY, HENRY ALEXANDER 240 

GREEVER, JAMES SCOTT 621 

GRIND ALL, CHARLES SYLVESTER 523 

HAMILTON, WILLIAM WISTAR 474 

HANCOCK, CHARLES WASHINGTON 572 

HANCOCK, RICHARD 341 

HARGRAVE, JESSE HAMLIN 366 

HATHCOCK, THOMAS ALEXANDER 452 

HAYDEN, JESSE FRANKLIN 282 

HENDERSON, JOHN STEELE 250 

HICKS, R. RANDOLPH 389 

HILLMAN, JAMES NOAH 81 

HILLMAN, NANCY SUSANNA 85 

HINTON, CAPT. JOHN BRAYTON 182 

HOLLADAY, HENRY THOMPSON, JR 219 

HOPKINS, JOHN GUTHRIE 339 

HORSLEY, DR. JOHN SHELTON 267 

HOSKINS, JOSEPH ADDISON 365 

HOUSTON, MARTIN 452 

HUFF, BALLARD PRESTON 249 

HUTCHESON, HERBERT FARRAR 441 

I VIE, ALLEN DENNY 91 

JAMES, WILBERT THEODORE 549 

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM EDWARD 189 

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 193 

JOHNSON, CAUIN TIMOTHY 392 

JOHNSON, THOMAS LESTER 514 

JONES, MOSES STREET 466 

KENAN, ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL 337 

KENDIG, DR. EDWIN LAWRENCE 454 

KENT, CHARLES WILLIAM 55 

KING, CHARLES HENRY 160 

KING, DR. FRANKLIN. . . , 393 

KING, WALTER WILLIAM 97 



10 TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill 

PAGE PAGE PAGE 

KISTLER, ANDREW MILTON 81 

LAWRENCE, LLOYD JENNINGS 97 

LEAKED THOMAS CRAWFORD 603 

LEE, ERASTUS LITTLETON 102 

LEEDY, ROBERT FRANKLIN 254 

LESTER, HENRY CLAY 226 

LINDSAY, HUGH BARTON 354 

LLOYD, ABBOTT EDWARD, SR 342 

LONG, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN 588 

LOWMAN, WILLIAM RISH 125 

LUCAS, DANIEL BEDINGER 28 

LUKE, JAMES M. C 532 

LUPTON, JOHN THOMAS 87 

LUTTRELL, HUGH MONTGOMERY 555 

LYM AN, A. HUNT 377 

McCALL, JOHN LAURIN 94 

McCoMB, JAMES BELL 100 

MclvER, DUNCAN EVANDER 305 

McKiNNON, ALEXANDER JAMES 17 

MCLAURIN, LAUGHLIN BUIE 541 

MALONE, BLONDELLE EDWARDS 495 

MALONE, MILES ALEXANDER 480 

MALONE, SARAH GLENN ( JONES) 488 

MANSON, RICHARD WILKINS Ill 

MAPP, GEORGE RICHARD 263 

MARION, JOHN HARDIN 420 

MASSEY, DR. JOHN E 293 

MASSEY, WILLIAM WALTER 296 

MEADE, JULIAN 75 

MEARS, OTHO FREDERICK 266 

MITCHELL, ROLAND GREENE 234 

MOFFETT, JOHN DANIEL 129 

MOFFETT, JOHN ROBERTS 135 

MOFFETT, WILLIAM WALTER 123 

MONROE, EDWARD R 19 

MOORE, REV. HIGHT C 517 

MOORE, ROGER 68 

NELSON, FRANK 415 

OAKLEY, NEWTON Z 114 

OTTS, JAMES CORNELIUS 106 

PACK, GEORGE WILLIS 474 

PAGE, BONEY WELLS 381 

PAGE, ROBERT NEWTON 483 

PARKER, JAMES 116 

PARKER, WILLIAM T 594 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 11 

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill 

PAGE PAGE PAGE 

PARRISH, CAPT. EDWARD JAMES 270 

PATTERSON, JOHN LEGERWOOD 283 

PAYNE, WILBUR Bos WELL 549 

PEEBLES, JOHN DUDLEY 118 

PERROW, CHARLES MATTHEW 449 

PERRY, JOSEPH WILLIAM 350 

PITTMAN, REDDEN HERBERT 346 

PLUMMER, HENRY LYNE 171 

POLK, TASKER 565 

POTTER, THOMAS HENRY 401 

POWELL, FILMORE MADISON 401 

PRESSLEY, WILLIAM WALTER 73 

PRINCE, DR. DANIEL MALLOY 504 

PRITCHARD, JUDGE JETER CONLEY 440 

QUICK, SPENCER RECORD 404 

QUICK, WALTER JACOB 411 

RAGLAND, JOSEPH EDWARD 573 

RANDOLPH, VIRGIL PATRICK 414 

REED FAMILY, THE 125 

REESE, EMMETT FRANCIS, JR 422 

REESE, WILLIAM PENN 488 

RENNIE, JOHN GORDON 133 

REVELL, OLIVER DAVIS 199 

RICHARDSON, LUNSFORD 58 

RICKS, FLETCHER BUCHANAN 139 

ROBINSON, EDWARD TRENT 300 

ROGERS, PHILIP 149 

ROSE, DAVID JEPTHA 359 

RUTLEDGE, BROOKS 157 

SCOTT, JOHN WINSLOW 313 

SEBRELL, JAMES EDWARD 428 

SELLERS, THEODORE NAPOLEON 363 

SETTLE, THOMAS LEE 87 

SHAW, JOHN DUNCAN, JR 163 

SHEAHAN, JOHN JOSEPH 357 

SHEPHERD, JAMES LEFTWICH 497 

SHERIDAN, HUGO GROTIUS 540 

SLATER, GEORGE M 309 

SMITH, CHARLES ALPHONSO 66 

SMITH, FRANKLIN FLETCHER 607 

SMITH, HENRY LEWIS 458 

SMITH, MRS. MARY JANE BENNETT 67 

SMITH, GENERAL WILLIAM ALEXANDER 56 

SOUTHGATE, THOMAS SOMERVILLE 434 

STEARNES, ORREN LEWIS 301 



12 TABLE OF CONTENTS 

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill 

PAGE PAGE PAGE 

STEDMAN, MALVERN VANCE 49 

STONE, ERNEST LOVE 295 

SURRATT, ISAAC WEBB 159 

SWEARENGEN, JAMES 500 

THOMAS, DE Los 289 

THOMAS, WILLIAM EDWARD 130 

THORNTON, WILLIAM ERNEST MELVILLE .... 280 

THRASHER, HENRY HAMMOND 168 

TILGHMAN, CAPT. THEODORE WILSON 306 

TRAVIS, WILLIAM THOMAS 365 

UMBERGER, BASCOM LEONARD 43 

UPSHUR, WILLIAM MAJOR 578 

WALKER, CHARLES HENRY 137 

WALKER, CLIFTON McKiNNEY 176 

WALKER, JAMES ERNEST 506 

WALLACE, ALEXANDER WELLINGTON 41 

WALLER, ABSALOM 523 

WALLER, KOBERT EMMETT 529 

WALSH, WILLIAM WALTON 568 

WATERS, WILLIAM DARRAH 312 

W T ATSON, JAMES EPHRAIM 368 

WATTS, NEWTON CLARK 381 

WELLFORD, EGBERT CARTER 629 

WHITFIELD, THOMAS JAPHETH 274 

WILLIAMS, DAVID TERRY 407 

WILLIAMS, JOHN ALEXANDER 189 

WILLIAMSON, JAMES NATHANIEL, JR 580 

WILLIAMSON, WILLIAM HOLT 32 

WILSON, WOODROW 19 

WINGFIELD, J. RICHARD 103 

WOOD, DANIEL POLLARD 585 

WOODALL, PRESTON 196 

WRIGHT, THOMAS ROANE BARNES 411 

WYATT, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 416 

WYCHE, CLARENCE ADOLPHUS 451 

WYLIE, RICHARD EVANS 204 

ZEREGA, CAPT. ALFRED LUBAUGH BERNIER DI. 145 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

PACING PAGH 

ADAMS, BLAKE BRADDY 297 

BANNER, CHARLES WHITLOCK 218 

BATES, WILLIAM T. CAPERS 224 

BETHEA, WILLIAM THADDEUS 389 

BIGGS, JOHN DAWSON 429 

BISHOP, WILLIAM PRESTON 232 

BISHOP, MRS. WILLIAM PRESTON 236 

BLAKEMORE, JOHN EDWARD 458 

BRIDGEFORTH, GEORGE BASKERVILLE 241 

CALDWELL, KOBERT DAVID 247 

CAMP, ELD AD CICERO 327 

CAMP, JAMES MAGNUS 51 

CARROLL, JAMES ALEXANDER 288 

CLARK, WILLIAM SAMUEL 346 

CLARY, WHITFIELD SPENCER 254 

COLEMAN, LEWIS MINOR 406 

COOKE, ARTHUR WAYLAND 213 

CORRIHER, JOHN C 319 

DAVIS, ORIN DATUS 612 

DAVIS, SAMUEL LEE 276 

DEAL, CALVIN JEREMIAH 588 

DENT, STOUTEN HUBERT 442 

DILLON, JAMES W 500 

DREWRY, JOHN COLIN 24 

EIDSON, JOHN DANIEL 566 

[13] 



14 ILLUSTRATIONS 

FACING PAGE 

ELLISON, JOHN WILLIS 372 

EWELL, JOHN CHOWNING 556 

FIXLEY, WILLIAM WILSON 271 

FOSTER, JOHN MANLY 434 

GREEVER, JAMES SCOTT 621 

GRINDALL, CHARLES SYLVESTER 523 

HANCOCK, CHARLES WASHINGTON 572 

HATHCOCK, THOMAS ALEXANDER 452 

HAYDEN, JESSE FRANKLIN 282 

HOSKINS, JOSEPH ADDISON 365 

JOHNSON, CAUIN TIMOTHY 392 

JOHNSON, MRS. CAUIN TIMOTHY 398 

JOHNSON, THOMAS LESTER 514 

JONES, MOSES STREET 466 

KENAN, ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL 337 

KISTLER, ANDREW MILTON 81 

LINDSAY, HUGH BARTON 354 

LOWMAN, WILLIAM EISH 125 

LUKE, JAMES M. C 532 

LUPTON, JOHN THOMAS 87 

McCALL, JOHN LAURIN 94 

McCoMB, JAMES BELL 100 

MclvER, DUNCAN EVANDER 305 

McKiNNON, ALEXANDER JAMES 17 

MALONE, MILES ALEXANDER 480 

MALONE, SARAH GLENN ( JONES) 488 

MARION, JOHN HARDIN 420 

MOORE, KOGER 68 

NELSON, FRANK 415 



ILLUSTRATIONS 15 

FACING PAGE 

OTTS, JAMES CORNELIUS 106 

PACK, GEORGE WILLIS 474 

PAGE, BONE Y WELLS 381 

PARKER, JAMES 116 

PARKER, WILLIAM T 594 

PAYNE, WILBUR BOSWELL 549 

RENNIE, JOHN GORDON 133 

RICHARDSON, LUNSFORD 58 

RICKS, FLETCHER BUCHANAN 139 

ROGERS, PHILIP 149 

RUTLEDGE, BROOKS 157 

SCOTT, JOHN WINSLOW 313 

SHAW, JOHN DUNCAN, JR 163 

SHERIDAN, HUGO GROTIUS 540 

SMITH, FRANKLIN FLETCHER 607 

THRASHER, HENRY HAMMOND 168 

UMBERGER, COL. ABRAHAM 43 

UMBERGER, BASCOM LEONARD 46 

WALKER, CLIFTON McKiNNEY 176 

WELLFORD, ROBERT CARTER 629 

WILLIAMS, JOHN ALEXANDER 189 

WILLIAMSON, JAMES NATHANIEL, JR 580 

WILLIAMSON, WILLIAM HOLT 32 

WOODALL, PRESTON 196 

WOODALL, MRS. PRESTON 200 

WYLIE, RICHARD EVANS 204 



ALEXANDER JAMES McKINNON 

THE tocsin of war had sounded and the North and the 
South were locked in deadly strife, when Alexander 
James McKinnon of Maxton, North Carolina, was born 
in Kichmond County, September 8, 1862. His father, 
Alexander C. McKinnon, was a farmer and a teacher, his mother 
Sarah (McQueen) McKinnon, a real old-fashioned wife and 
mother. Though Alexander C. McKinnon was not with the sol- 
diers in the field, he was doing valiant service in the endeavor 
to produce double harvests wherewith to feed the men who 
fought. "They also serve who only stand and wait." 

The boy grew apace, strong and sturdy as are boys raised 
near or in contact with mother earth, with sunshine above, and 
the odors of the pine around them ; and as he grew, he developed 
one by one the traits of his Scottish ancestors. It was happy for 
him in his upraising to have both the tender influence of his 
mother, and the sterner discipline of his father. The fathers of 
most of his playmates were in the army or under the sod of the 
battlefield. 

Notwithstanding the war and its intolerable aftermath of 
anarchy, known as the reconstruction period, the school of his 
father went on. Alexander began his education, thus, under the 
best auspices, and although it was had at the "country schools," 
by his father's assistance, he became no mean scholar. He knew 
the various forms of farm work in all their minutiae, and he 
chose agriculture as his pursuit. He was ambitious and with his 
mind ever on the alert he added other callings to that of farmer. 

Eaising the staple, the next step was to dispose of it and 
as a cotton broker he achieved success. The lumber industry 
claimed his attention and he accepted the Presidency of the Alma 
Lumber Company. Facility of transportation appealed to him 
and he is President of a Kailroad. Finance interests him and 
he is Vice-President of the Maxton Bank. He served his full 
quota in the State Guard, advancing from private to Major. He 
is a Mason and a Knight of Pythias. Major McKinnon belongs 
to the Methodist Church and does not shirk any work connected 
with good membership, as he is chairman of the Board of Stew- 
ards, is frequently delegate to the annual conference, is on the 
Board of Education and Orphanage, and Secretary of Carolina 
College. In politics he is a Democrat and is generally a delegate 
to the State conventions. 

[17] 



IS ALEXANDER JAMES MC KINNON 

Major McKiuuon married at Maxton, October 13, 1887, Vir- 
ginia Lee McKinnie, daughter of H. K. McKinnie of Elmira, New 
York, and Lou M. Lineburv of Milboro. North Carolina. Their 

7 *> f 

children are : Sallie Lou McKinnon, graduate of Kandolph-Macon 
Woman's College, Lynchburg, teaching missionary work on Na- 
tional Board; Henry A. McKinnon, lawyer, Trinity College; 
Katie Lee McKinnon, Trinity College; A. J. McKinnon, Jr., 
Trinity College. 

Major McKinnon is particularly interested in the matter of 
rural credits. He hopes to see money more elastic and cheaper 
to the farmer. He is decidedly in favor of a change in the manner 
of government of nearly all the towns, cities and States, and he 
desires a less unwieldy form. He believes that far better results 
could be obtained by the use of the short ballot, or commission 
form of government conducted on the same lines as well organ- 
ized banking or business institutions, with efficient heads of 
bureaus and the elimination of all unnecessary departments and 
officials. He considers that the basic need of the South is new 
capital and more good people to utilize or develop its resources, 
and he would like the press to take up the facts and exploit the 
idea. 

The man who lives not only for himself but is constantly 
looking out for the betterment of all conditions affecting his 
neighbors and fellowtownsfolks, must become popular, and 
Major McKinnon has been called frequently to take part in the 
government of Maxton, as Councillor, Alderman or Mayor. Now 
the people of his State are calling, urging and even insisting on 
his going up higher, to the gubernatorial chair. No man is better 
fitted for the position and it is to be hoped that he will consent 
to take the nomination, which will mean election. 

The name "McKinnon" means a "son of Finguin," and its 
descriptive significance is "fair," "blonde." 

The Mackinnon (McKinnon) family has, of course, an 
ancient Scotch lineage. According to Frank Adam "the Mac- 
kinnon Clan is a branch of the 'Clan Mac Alpine,' and their 
traditionary descent is from Fingon, grandson of Gregor, son of 
Kenneth Mac Alpine, King of the Scots. 

"The Mackinnons were hereditarv custodians of the standard 

/ 

of weights and measures in the Lordship of the Isles. A family 
of Mackinnons held, for many generations, the post of hereditary 
standard-bearers to the Mac Donalds of Sleat, and had the town- 
ship of Duisdalebeg, near Isleoronsay, Sleat, as the reward of 
their services. 

"Gregory tells us that 'The first authentic notice of this 
ancient tribe is to be found in an indenture between the Lord of 
the Isles and the Lord of Lorn. The latter stipulates, in surren- 
dering to the Lord of the Isles the Island of Mull and other lands, 



ALEXANDER JAMES MC KINNON 19 

that the keeping of the Castle of Kerneburg, in the Treshnish 
Isles, is not to be given to any of the race of Clan Finnon.' 

"The Mackinnons originally possessed the district of Griban, 
in the Island of Mull, but exchanged it for the district of Mish- 
nish, in the same island. The clan also possessed the lands of 
Strathordell, in the Island of Skye, and the Chief was usually 
designated as 'of Strathordell.' 

"The ancient possessions of the clan were numerous. These 
comprised lands in the islands of Mull, Skye, Arran, Tiree, Pabay, 
and Scalpa. Now, however, the Mackinnons are landless in the 
old clan territory, while the Chief of the clan (the aged Mr. W. A. 
Mackinnon) is resident at Acryse, in the south of England. 
Strathordell, which was acquired in 1354, had to be parted with 
in 1765, as a sequel to the troubles which followed Culloden. 
The last Chief of the main line died, in 1808, in humble circum- 
stances. It was then that the Chiefship of the Clan Mackinnon 
passed to the family of the present chief." 

The Highland Appellation is "Clann Mhic Fhionghaiu," and 
the origin of the chief is "Celtic." 

The badge of the clan is, according to some authorities, the 
pine or sprig of ash, and, according to others, St. John's Wort 
and St. Columba's flower. The slogan or war-cry is, "Cuimhnich 
bas Ailpein," meaning "Remember the death of Alpin." 

The families of Love, Mackinney, Mac Kinney, Mackinning, 
Mackinven and Mac Morran are all septs and dependents of the 
clan. Skene's "Table of the Descent of the Highland Clans" 
classified the family of Mackinnon as follows : 

"From the race of Dicaledones Cruthne or Northern Picts 
the name of the tribe, according to Ptolemy, being Karnones. 
The name of the Morniaorship or Earldom is 'Ross;' that of the 
small sept, Clan Fingon, and that of the chief, Mackinnon. The 
tartan of the clan has twenty-seven divisions and consists of four 
different colors, of which red predominates." 

Lachdan Mackinnon, for thus the name is recorded in the 
old country, was created knight and baronet by King Charles II 
on the field of Worcester. He left a son, Daniel Mor, who, after 
a quarrel with his father while out hunting, left home, emigrated 
to Antigua, where he bought extensive tracts of land, and took a 
prominent part in politics in connection with the matter of Gov- 
ernor Parke. He served in the legislature of the Island and 
obtained a grant of the great salt lake of Antigua. He became 
the heir at law of Lord Lovington, the Governor, and succeeded 
to the baronetcy. His sons were William of Antigua, George and 
Samuel. The present representative of the family is Francis 
Alexander McKinnon, born in 1848. Daniel Mackinnon (1791- 
1836) was the Colonel and historian of the famous Cold-Stream- 



20 ALEXANDER JAMES MC KINNOX 

Guards of the British Army. He was an intimate friend of Lord 
Byron. 

William Alexander, Daniel and Henry were all three notable 
officers and fine writers. Henry's Journal of the Campaign in 
Portugal and Spain makes enjoyable reading and interesting 
history. He was Major of his regiment and fell at Cuidad 
Rodrigo. 

One of the noblest characters in modern history is, unques- 
tionably, the late Sir William McKinnon, Baronet, of Lon- 
don and Scotland, with whom, in years gone by, the writer of 
this sketch enjoyed a personal acquaintance. Sir William was 
largely interested in the development of the fertile regions of 
eastern and central Africa, and was the President of a company 
which explored large tracts of that continent and did much to 
introduce civilized customs and habits among the various tribes 
and races of the dark continent. His interests were subsequently 
acquired by the British crown, and now form part of British 
Eastern and Equatorial Africa. Sir William was a man of large 
private means, firmly devoted to his religion, of irreproachable 
conduct and life, of a most pleasing personality and disposition 
marked by generous impulses. When, in 1885, the British public 
was much exercised by the situation of Emin Pasha, who, together 
with his soldiers and followers, was in danger of extermination 
by the menacing hordes of the followers of the Mahdi, he caused 
the selection of Henry M. Stanley, the renowned African explorer, 
to head an expedition for the Pasha's relief, the thrilling story 
of which has been told so well in Stanley's book "In Darkest 
Africa." Sir William, in his munificent generosity, declined to 
allow anyone to share in the large expense involved by the equip- 
ment and work of the expedition, he paying the cost of the three 
years' work out of his own pocket. In recognition of the valuable 
services which he had rendered to the country and the empire, 
the late Queen Victoria was pleased to confer upon him the title 
and dignity of Baronet of the British Empire. He has left behind 
him a name and reputation which will live in the annals of his- 
tory, and has set an example of right living and noble disinterest- 
edness worthy of emulation by all. 

Major McKinnon's mother's people, MacQueens of Corry- 
brough, County Inverness, are known as the highlanders of the 
clan Peran, to which the MacQueens belong. Many of these are 
distinguished in Scottish history. 

In his very valuable work on the Scottish Highlands, already 
referred to, Mr. Adam has the following to say with regard to 
the MacQueen clan : 

"The MacQueens, of Macsweyns, come of the same stock as 
the MacDonalds, both being of the race of Conn, or Cuinn, 'of the 
hundred battles.' 



ALEXANDER JAMES MC KIXXON 21 

"The Macqueens of Garafad, in Skye, held the lands of Gara- 
fad for many centuries free, on the condition of giving a certain 
number of salmon yearly at a fixed price to the proprietor. It 
is said that they lost the above lands by getting into arrears with 
this rent. 

'During the fifteenth century we find a branch of the Mac- 
queens among the followers of the MacDonalds of Clanranald. 
Malcolm Beg Mackintosh, tenth Chief of Mackintosh, married 
Mora MacDouald of Moidart. When the bride went to the Mack- 
intosh country, several of her kinsmen accompanied her, includ- 
ing Eevan-Mac-Mulmor Mac-Angus Macqueen. This same Kevan 
fought under Mackintosh of Mackintosh at the battle of Harlaw 
in 1411. His descendants settled in Strathdearn, where they 
acquired the lands of Corryborough, and became members of the 
Clan Chattan Confederacy. They were known as the 'Clan 
Revan,' from the name of their progenitor. Cadet branches of 
the Clan Revan came in time to occupy a good deal of territory 
in the valley of the Findhorn. The Corryborough lands appear 
to have passed from the Macqueeus during the latter half of the 
eighteenth century. The present Chief is resident in New Zea- 
land. 

"When in 1778 Lord MacDonald of Sleat raised a Highland 
regiment, he conferred a lieutenancy in it upon a son of Donald 
Macqueen of Corryborough. In the letter to old Corryborough 
intimating the granting of a commission to Corryborough's son, 
Lord MacDonald wrote to the former as follows, viz. : 'It does me 
great honour to have the sons of chieftains in the regiment, and 
as the Macqueens have been invariably attached to our family, 
to whom we believe we owe our existence, I am proud of the 
nomination.' Lord MacDonald, when making the above obser- 
vations, doubtless intended to emphasize the fact that before his 
clan became known as the 'Clan Donald,' thev had borne the 

^ 

designation of the ; Siol Cuinn' (the race of Conn of the Hundred 
Battles)." 

The name Macqueen is derived from "Suibhue," or "Sweyn." 
From the former the name varies to MacSwvde, MacCunn, and in 

*/ / / 

some old documents MacQueyn. The latter has varied into 
"MacSwen, MacSweyn, and MacSwan." 

The McQueen Clan is of Celtic origin ; its Highland appella- 
tion is "Clann Shuibhne" and the heraldic description of the 
armorial bearings is as follows : 

Argent, three wolves' heads couped sable. Crest : A heraldic 
tiger rampant ermine, holding an arrow point downwards ar- 
gent, pheoned gules. Supporters : Two heraldic tigers ermine. 
Motto : "Constant and Faithful." 

The clan to which the McQueens are affiliated is Clan Chat- 
tan ; its badge is the red whortleberry and its descriptive clan 



22 ALEXANDER JAMES MC KIXXON 

pipe music is, in English, "Lament for MacSwain of Roag," the 
tune being "Cumha Mhic Shuain a Roaig." 

One authority, speaking of the family of MacQueen of Corry- 
borough, says: "The late Donald MacQueen of Corryborough, 
Justice of the Peace, married 27th April, 1792, Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of Hugh Fraser, of Brightmony, great-grandson of Malicom 
Fraser of Culduthel, and died in 1813, leaving issue, surviving. 
Donald, Captain of the Second Madras Cavalry, Justice of the 
Peace of Inverness, married Margaret, daughter of Grant of 
Bught, County of Inverness, and died in 1827, leaving a daughter 
Marjory. Hugh, W. S., Justice of the Peace for County Inver- 
ness. James, military cadet, died at Woolwich. Alexander, 
M. D., His Majesty, Third Foot. William McGilliway, Captain 
25th Madras Infantry, died in 1829. Simon, Captain in the army, 
Justice of the Peace for Count} 7 Inverness. Kneas, Lieutenant, 
Forty-ninth Madras Infantry, died in 1837. John Fraser, of 
Lincoln's Inn, barrister-at-law, Justice of the Peace and D. L. for 
County of Inverness; married Georgiana, daughter of the Rev. 
George Dealtry, A. M., rector of Stoke, and vicar of Hinckley, 
Leicestershire." 

The tribe of which this family is the head is known in the 
Highlands as the clan Revan, and is of great antiquity, being 
originally of the Macdonalds, Lords of the Isles; the connection 
with whom, after a separation of more than three centuries, was 
recognized, as recently as 1778, by Alexander, Lord McDonald. 
Early in the fifteenth century, Roderick Dhu Revan M'Sweene 
or McQueen, quitted the Isles on receiving a grant of territory, 
which included amongst others the lands of Corryborough, since 
which period his descendants have formed a branch of the power- 
ful clan of Chattan, under whose standard they fought at the 
battle of Harlowe in 1411. The other families of MacQueen are 
branches of this clan, the chieftainship being vested in MacQueen 
of Corryborough, as lineal representative of Roderick Dhu Revan. 

Donald MacQueen succeeded his father, Donald, in 1594. 
Angus MacQueen of Corryborough succeeded his uncle Donald 
(last mentioned) in 1623. He died August 5, 1655, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Donald Macqueen of Corryborough, who mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Cuthbert of Castlehill, County Inverness, 
died in 1676, and was succeeded by his son, Donald MacQueen 
of Corryborough, who married Jean, daughter of Dallas of 
Cantray, County Inverness, died in 1714, and was succeeded by 
his son, James MacQueen, of Corryborough, who married Septem- 
ber 29, 1711, Katherine, daughter of Malcom Fraser, of Culduthel, 
County Inverness, and died in 1762 leaving issue, Elizabeth, 
married to Lachlan Mackintosh, of Raigmore, County Inverness, 
and a son, who survived him, viz. : Donald MacQueen of Corry- 
borough, Justice of the Peace, County Inverness, who married 



ALEXANDER JAMES MC KINNOX 23 

in August, 1742, Peggy-Mary, daughter of Shawe of Dell, and 
died in 1789, leaving other issue, the late Donald MacQueen of 
Cor ry borough, Justice of the Peace, County Inverness. 

The lineal descent of Mr. A. J. McKinnon from King Eobert 
Bruce of Scotland, through the MacQueen's is as follows : King 
Kobert Bruce of Scotland Margery, his daughter, married 
Walter, High Steward King Kobert II, their son Lady Mar- 
garet Stewart, his daughter married John, Lord of the Isles 
Donald, Lord of the Isles, her son Alexander, Lord of the Isles, 
his son Austin Moore, his son Donald Gallich, his son Don- 
ald Gruamach, his son Donald Gorm Moore, his son Donald 
Gorrn Sassarrach, his son Archibald, his son Donald Gorm Oig, 
his son Sir James, his son Donald Oig, his son Sir James 
Moore, his son Sumerled or Soirle, his son Austin Moore, his 
son Flora, his daughter James MacQueen, her son, Founder of 
Queensdale Kate McQueen married Donald McQueen Sarah 
McQueen married Alexander McKinnon Alexander James Mc- 
Kinnon. 

The presumption is that in one of the sons of Daniel Mac- 
Kinnon of Antigua is the founder of the American family of 
McKinnon. It is in that branch that the name of Alexander 
appears prominently, and of which Alexander James McKinnon, 
the subject of this sketch is, in his day and generation, so dis- 
tinguished a descendant. 



JOHN COLIN DREWRY 

THEKE is no more interesting study than that of history, 
none more absorbing than that of the individual man ami 
the search for his ancestry. The powerful influence of 
heredity in the mental and moral equipment of the promi- 
nent men and women whose forefathers were among the early 
colonists of the territory once included in the Province of Vir- 
ginia, is ever more overwhelmingly apparent. Given the man of 
to-day, his name, his character and career, and more than by 
printed record is the search directed to his ancestry on the other 
side of the ocean. 

It has been said that it takes three generations to make a 
gentleman, but even after the "gentleman" has been evolved, a 
lapse in some individual case, often puzzles those not versed in 
the peculiarities of atavism. The farther removed is the genera- 
tion from an undesirable type, -the less liability is there of its 
recurrence. Of the great numbers who from various causes im- 
migrated to the new world, many came from ancient cultured 
families of Great Britain. 

The Virginia Company was largely composed of the Nobility 
of England and wealthy merchants of London, who, having in- 
vested vast sums in the enterprise were most interested in its 
success. If they did not come over themselves in person, younger 
members of their families were sent to exploit their immense 
grants, to make new homes and accumulate new fortunes in the 
land thought to be an El Dorado. 

Following the career of the D re wry family, the same ideas 
are found, modified by the environment of their times, that are 
the spring of action in one of their descendants, the subject of 
this sketch ; for thus he gives utterance to his own ideas : "The 
"noblest motive is the public good. Every man owes a duty to 
"the community in which he lives and should strive as honestly 

t/ 

"to fulfil that obligation as he should any other debt resting upon 
"him ; and the best interests of the state may best be promoted 
"by a proper realization of individual responsibility." 

Sir Humphrey Drewry and his associates were granted by 
the crown large tracts of land in the Province of Virginia and 
settled near Richmond in Northampton County. Their descend- 
ants have all been good citizens, never extremely prominent, but 
always active and honest in business and foremost in the com- 
mercial activities of the communities of which they were a part. 

[24] 



JOHN COLIN DREWRY 27 

In the defense of the country they were ever to be relied upon, 
as the rosters of the Army and Navy disclose. 

John Colin Drewry was born at Drewrysville, July 26, 1860. 
His father, William Humphrey Drewry, was a planter and mer- 
chant. His mother was Caroline Williams Barnes Drewry. John 
C. Drewry graduated from the High School of Petersburg, pur- 
sued a course in Bethel Military Academy in Fauquier County 
and was a student of the University of Virginia. 

Mr. Drewry has always been a progressive citizen holding a 
number of positions of honor and trust. He is a director of the 
Citizens National Bank and President of the Raleigh Furniture 
Company. For thirty years he has been agent for an important 
Insurance Company of Newark, New Jersey, for the States of 
Virginia and North Carolina, jointly with his brother, W. S. 
Drewry. In politics, a Democrat, Mr. Drewry has served in the 
State Senate and in the House of Representatives of his State, 
has filled the position of Alderman and of Mayor pro tern, of 
Raleigh, and is a member of the State Democratic Committee. 
His standing with the Masonic Fraternity is a distinguished one, 
he having been Grand Secretary of the Grand Lodge of North 
Carolina A. F. A. M. for twenty-two years, Grand Commander of 

t i 

North Carolina and Grand High Priest of the Grand Chapter of 
North Carolina. He is President of the Chamber of Commerce 
and President of the Capitol Club of Raleigh. Following the 
family tradition he has, for many years, been a vestryman of 
Christ Church, Raleigh. 

In June 1886, John C. Drewry married in Atlanta, Georgia 
Emma, daughter of John H. Mangham and Rebecca Caldwell 
Mangham. In January 1902, he married Mrs. Kittie Holt 
Wharton, daughter of L. Banks Holt and Mary C. Mebaue Holt. 
His children are Emma L. Drewry now Mrs. James G. Hanes of 
Winston- Salem, and John C. Drewry, aged twelve years (1916). 

Family names have been evolved as a rule in the course of 
years, and the evolution of the Drewry name is quite interesting. 
Roueray was an estate in France, which had been bestowed upon 
Rollo, also called Rou, the first Duke of Normandy; de Roueray 
is not a long call from Drewry. The founder of the English fam- 
ily of Sir Dm Drugo was succeeded by John de Drury, and in the 
succeeding generations the name becomes simply Drewry. 

Roueray in Anglo-Saxon would have been Thrudleri, meaning 
a True Warrior. The Drewry family through marriage, lineage 
and public services, runs parallel with the history of England. 
The combination of Norman, Dane and Saxon is peculiarly Eng- 
lish. The very diversity of the character of each race brings out 
the fine traits which are the richest heritage of the family. Drugo 
occurs several times in the Domesday Book as well as in the 
Battle Abbey Roll, and is a Norman personal name. It must be 



28 JOHN COLIN DREWRY 

remembered, however, that it was not until late in the twelfth 
century that family names were generally used. They were 
adopted from personal names, the estates of the families, or fre- 
quently from some mental or physical peculiarities of founders 
of the families. It is seldom that a lineage may be traced beyond 
the conquest, but in the case of the family under consideration 
the line is clear so far back as the ninth century, and it might 
without undue difficulty be extended still further. 

Kollo or Eou, was the son of Gayon, a celebrated nobleman 
of Denmark. Labute says he was Norwegian. Having had some 
difficulty with his father and brother, Kollo gathered his fleet of 
fifty ships, set sail for the shores of France in the year 876, cast- 
ing anchor in the Seine opposite to the Koyal residence. He was 
warring with the Franks for some years but after embracing 
Christianity he made peace with Charles The Simple, who, not- 
withstanding his name, was wiser than he knew, in establishing 
Kollo in the province of, and creating him Duke of Normandy. 
Rollo's Godfather was Kobert Count of Paris, and the name Rob- 
ert was given to Kollo in baptism. By this action of Charles, the 
long series of incursions from Northmen and pirates ended, and 
under the Duke's sway Normandy was repopulated, and Franks 
and Bretons and other races all were fused into a flourishing 
state. 

Rollo, (or Kobert) married Lady Gilla, daughter of Charles, 
the King, and after her death, the Lady Papee, daughter of the 
Earl of Bessen and Baveaux, became his wife. She bore him a 

*/ / 

son, William, surnanied Longa Spata, Long-Sic or d. William 
married Lady Sporsa, daughter of the Earl of Senlis. His son 
was Richard the third Duke of Normandy, who married Lady 
Agnes, daughter of the Earl of Paris. His second wife was a 
daughter of the Danish line. She bore him three sons : Richard, 
afterwards fourth Duke of Normandy; Robert, who succeeded 
as fifth Duke, and was the father of William the Conqueror. The 
third son of Richard and his Danish princess, was William, 
father of Sir Dm Drugo founder of the Drurv or Drewrv familv 

t , _ 

in England. Pons was a town in western France in the Depart- 
ment of Charante Inferieure. An older brother of Sir Dru, Sir 
Richard de Pons or Pontis, obtained from Henry I the Cantred 
of Bychan and Castle of Lahnyndhgry. Sir Dru received from 
his cousin William the estates of Thurston and Rougham in 
County Surrey. 

Sir John Drury, son of Sir Dru inherited these holdings in 
Surrey, which remained in the family for six hundred years. His 
descendant living in the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) married 
Joane, daughter and heiress of Sir Simon Saxham, Knight, and 
by her had Roger, Nicholas and John, from which three brothers 
descend the Drewrys of Rougham, Saxham, Hawstead, Egerly, 
Riddlesworth, Besthorpe, Everstone and others. 



JOHN COLIN DREWRY 29 

Sir Niel Drury was an Alderman of London in 1312. Sir 
Nicholas de Drury son of the second John, was with John of 
Gaunt in the Spanish Expedition in 1367. He made a pilgrim- 
age to the Holy Land before returning to England. A daughter 
being his sole heir, his posterity is found in the Mildmay and 
Hunly families. The daughter and heiress of Sir Henry Drury 
of I ck worth, who died in 1525, married Thos. Hervey, Earl of 
Bristol, who inherited her property. Sir Kobert Drury of Edgerly 
who died in 1536 was a member of the House of Commons. 

Sir William Drewrv of Hawstead. Suffolk County was a 

. / ts 

soldier and statesman. He was born in 1527, educated at Cam- 
bridge, as were most of the Drewrys. He was made a prisoner 
when fighting in France and was associated with the Earl of 
Bedford in quelling the rising in Devonshire in 1549. Later, he 
was employed by Queen Elizabeth in connection with Scottish 
politics. In 1554 he was made Marshal and Deputy Governor 
of Berwick. He was appointed President of Munster, where his 
rule was eminently successful. He followed Sir Henry Sidney 
as Lord Justice of the Irish Council. He is said to have been a 
Knight of the Bath. His death occurred in 1579. Drewry's let- 
ters to Lord Burleigh and others afford an invaluable mine for 
the historians of that epoch. 

There is still standing in London, or was a few years since, 
an old mansion used as a Mission House. It was built by Sir 

/ 

William Drewry of Hawstead in the reign of Henry VIII. This 
house gave its name to Drury Lane, in the time of the Stuarts 
the aristocratic quarters of London. It was in this house that Sir 
Kobert shared his home with the Poet Donne and his wife in 1610, 
and after traveling on the continent with them, returned there to 
die. A very beautiful monument chiseled by Nicholas Stone, 
the distinguished sculptor, is erected in Hawstead church in 
Suffolk, in memory of Sir Kobert. The family name is also per- 
petuated in this country in Drury's Bluff, on James River, one 
of the historic landmarks in Virginia, famous for the three days' 
battle in the Civil War, where the Confederates under Beaurgard 
defeated the Federals under General Butler. 

The manor of Chalfont St. Peter in Buckinghamshire, on the 
road to London, which belonged to Missenden Abbey, was granted 
by Henry VIII in 1536 to Kobert Drury, Esq., whose descendants 
sold it in 1626 to the Bulstrodes. Sir Henry of Chalfont died in 
1617. 

Sir Dru Drury of Roughani, County Suffolk was gentleman 
usher to Queen Elizabeth, who appointed him one of the keepers 
of the unfortunate Mary, Queen of Scots, at whose execution he 
was present. It seems rather peculiar that her son, James I, 
upon his accession to the throne in 1605, knighted Sir William 
the father of his mother's jailer, and that Charles in 1627 created 
Sir Dru himself a Baronet. 



30 JOHN COLIN DREWRY 

Through all the generations the Drewrys were prominent in 
the service of King and country to mention a tythe of their 
names and deeds would extend this sketch to undue proportions. 

The latter Sir Drew is no doubt the same who is mentioned 
with Sir Robert Drury as being of the Virginia Company of Lon- 
don in 1620. Sir Robert was a charter member of the Company 
in 1696, and was one of the Board of Councillors. 

A Sir William Drewry and another William are also named 
as of the Company. The Virginia Company of London was not 
only composed of wealthy British noblemen and merchants of 
London, but most of the liveried companies were associated in the 
enterprise. Their object was to colonize and develop the vast 
territory then comprised under the name of Virginia, while Chris- 
tianizing the natives. There is no doubt the Company was ani- 
mated by the highest ideas. They were called "Adventurers" but 

*j C? f 

the word was not then used in its more modern acceptance. The 
government of the Colonies was in the hands of the Councillors 
in London. Local Governors and officers were appointed to re- 
side in the colony. Very few of the members of the Company 
visited Virginia. Those who did, came in their private sailing 
vessels, and many sent younger sons to make homes in the new 

/ tJ , t-7 

world, whose reputation as a land abounding in gold and silver 
ore was somewhat exaggerated. Among those who came, were 
the founders of the Virginia family of Drewry. 

It was also a place of refuge from religious persecution, 
which brought many of the better class of Scotch, Irish aad 
French. The annulment of the charter of the Company in lf>24 
by James I, which he did to curry favor with Spain, caiised the 
upheaval of all these conditions. Of course, the Company's loss 
was immense. 

It was not until after this unrighteous annulment of the 
Company's charter that the colony was made the dumping ground 
for the inmates of London's jails and prisons, and a place of exile 
for political offenders and defeated rebels. Virginia truly owes 
no respect to the memory of James I, unless perhaps his action 
gave impetus to the desire for freedom afterwards so gloriously 
accomplished. Consequent upon this upheaval in the colony, 
the after effects of the Revolutionary War, the poverty of the 
people in their process of rehabilitation, and the destruction of 
records both public and private, it is difficult to find every link 
that connects the founder of an American branch, with his family 
in the Old World. 

The first record relates to Sir Humphrey Drewry's grant of 
lands. There is, however, no proof that this person was ever per- 
sonally in America ; though many of the adventurers came, only 
to view the country, and return. 

The next is George Drury at nineteen who sailed in 1835 for 



JOHN COLIN DREWRY 31 

.New England. A few months later in the same year came Eobert 
Drewry at sixteen, no doubt landing in Virginia. 

In 1679 Richard Drewry is among the land and slave owners 
in Barbados. The first mention of Drewrys in Virginia is in the 
York (formerly Charles River) County Will Book No. 7. An 
administration on the estate of Robert Drewry, deceased 1687 is 
ordered. The Parish register of "Charles River, York-Hampton, 
Denbie County Pennsylvania and Warwick County," a manu- 
script copy of which is in the Library of Congress, gives numbers 
of entries of the Drury families. Unfortunately, except in the 
case of a few deaths, the record begins 1710 ending 1789. There 
is one death recorded viz. : "John, son of Robert" 1694. There is 
little doubt that the "Robert" in both cases is identical with the 
Robert who came in 1635. 

John who married Deborah, also appearing in the Will Book, 
was no doubt the grandson of Robert. John, Sr., died 1714 
but John, husband of Deborah was living in 1715. The line may 
be traced for several generations, through this record. 

Captain Charles Drury and Mr. Thomas Drury were among 
the vestry of a small parish called Chuckatuck in Nansemond 
County in 1702-1709. Samuel Drury and Benjamin Drury appear 
in the list of grantees of land for service during the Revolution. 

There seems little doubt that Robert was closely connected 
with the Sir Dru and Sir Robert, previously mentioned. Thus, 
the history of this distinguished family is traced back for more 
than a thousand years, and the line is still represented in these 
days of the twentieth century in the person of John Colin Drewry, 
of Raleigh, North Carolina. 



WILLIAM HOLT WILLIAMSON 

IN the historic Holt homestead, "Locust Grove," Alamance 
County, North Carolina, the home of his maternal ancestors 
for several generations, William Holt Williamson, of Kaleigh, 

North Carolina, was born, February 4, 1867. 

Michael Holt (who died about 1785), of the first generation 
of the family in North Carolina, Mr. Williamson's great-great- 
great-grandfather, had made settlement here at an early date, 
and many of his descendants, including the subject of this sketch, 
first saw the light of day beneath this honored roof-tree ; many of 
them in after years attaining distinction through nobility of 
character, unrivalled success, in business, and in the councils of 
the State and Nation. 

Edwin Michael Holt (1807-1884), a great-grandson of the 
first Michael Holt, Mr. Williamson's grandfather, established the 
first cotton mills south of the Potomac River for the manufacture 
of colored cotton goods, becoming, virtually the founder of the 
colored cotton goods industry in the South. 

The war between the States was responsible for the scatter- 
ing of many southern families and for the destruction of their 
records. To this calamity the Williamson family was not an 
exception, though patient research has developed some interest- 
ing facts relative to several generations of the name and relative 
to the ancestry of the families into which the earlier Williamsons 
married. 

The first of the name to whom this branch of the Williamson 
family has been positively traced was Nathan Williamson (some- 
times called Nathaniel) who was born, tradition says, in Vir- 
ginia, probably about the year 1750, and who died in Caswell 
County, North Carolina, in the year 1839. 

The earliest recorded mention of Nathan Williamson thus 
far discovered, is February 9, 1780, on which date Henry Hays, 
of Guilford County, conveyed to the said Nathan Williamson, 
who is described as "of Caswell County," two hundred thirty- 
seven acres in Caswell County on both sides of County Line Creek. 
The price paid for the land was one hundred twenty-five pounds 
sterling, "specie of Virginia." (Caswell County Records, Deed 
Book, "A," p. 563.) In October, 1782, Nathan Williamson ob- 
tained by grant, from Alexander Martin, Governor of North 
Carolina, "200 acres in Caswell County, on the waters of County 
Line Creek, and adjoining John Windsor, Jeremiah Williamson, 

[32] 



WILLIAM HOLT WILLIAMSON 35 

and the said Nathan Williamson" (Ibid, Deed Book "B," p. 140). 
From all appearances, one is justified in the conclusion that 
Nathan Williamson followed the quiet life of a farmer, while from 
his will and the inventory of his estate one learns that he was 

t/ 

quite a successful man for his time, judging from the real and 
personal estate of which he was possessed; among the latter a 
number of slaves. 

Nathan Williamson married Sarah Swift. Mrs. Williamson 
was the daughter of William Swift, of Caswell County, a suc- 
cessful farmer and sheriff of the County in 1792 and 1793, and 
who had gone to Caswell County from Goochland County, Vir- 
ginia. William Swift (who died in 1808) was the son of the 
Keverend William Swift, a minister of the Church of England, 
who resided in Hanover County, Virginia, where he died in 1734. 

Nathan and Sarah (Swift) Williamson had issue: George 
Williamson; Martha Williamson, who married in 1819, Caswell 
Tait; Elizabeth Williamson, who married in 1812, Samuel Smith; 
Frances Williamson, who married in 1799, Leonard Prather; 
Margaret Williamson, who married in 1808, Roger Simpson; 
John Williamson ; Swift Williamson, who married in 1819, Mary 
Lea; Mary P. Williamson, who married in 1818, Robert S. Har- 
ris; Anthony Williamson, who married, in 1818, Eliza K. Lea; 
Thomas Williamson, who married Frances Pannill Banks Farish; 
Nathan Williamson, who died unmarried; Sarah C. Williamson, 
who married Mr. Moss. 

Thomas Williamson (son of Nathan and Sarah (Swift) Wil- 
liamson) was born about the year 1782 and died in 1848. He 
was an extensive planter and a large merchant. Mr. Williamson, 
though frequently urged to enter political life, declined to do so, 
owing to a lofty ambition to excel in his business undertakings 
and feeling that success could not be obtained by any division of 
interests. He achieved marked success in the business world, 
amassing a comfortable fortune for the times in which he lived ; 
furthermore, winning and holding the respect and friendship of 
all with whom he came in contact. 

Thomas Williamson (1782-1848) married Frances Pannill 
Banks Farish, of Chatham County, North Carolina, daughter of 
Thomas and Fannie (Banks) Farish, both of whom were natives 
of Virginia and whose ancestors for generations had been promi- 
nent in the life of that colony. Mrs. Williamson was descended 
from Adam Banks, who appears as a purchaser of land in Staf- 
ford County, in 1674; Thomas Pannill of old Rappahannock 
County, who died in 1677 ; Samuel Bayly, who resided at an early 
day in old Rappahannock County, dying in 1710, in Richmond 
County; and, from the Farishes, who settled at an early day in 
the Rappahannock Valley. Representatives of all these families 
moved from Tidewater to the Piedmont section of Virginia; the 



36 WILLIAM HOLT WILLIAMSON 

Counties of Orange, Culpeper and Madison becoming their homes, 
from whence, later, their descendants removed to Southern Vir- 
ginia and to North Carolina. 

Thomas and Frances Pannill Banks (Farish) Williamson 
had issue : Anthony Swift Williamson ; Emily A. Williamson ; 
Mary Elizabeth Williamson; Thomas Farish Williamson, Lynn 
Banks Williamson; Virginia Frances Williamson; and James 
Nathaniel Williamson. 

James Nathaniel Williamson (the last above mentioned 
child) was born March 6, 1842 and was therefore but six years 
of age at the time of his father's death. His mother, Mrs. Frances 
Pannill Banks (Farish) Williamson, was a woman of markedly 
strong characteristics, and it was with great earnestness and 
enthusiasm that she turned, at the death of her husband, to the 
careful training of her young family. Thomas Williamson had 
desired that his son, James Nathaniel, should be educated along 
the most liberal lines, and to the execution of this plan Mrs. Wil- 
liamson devoted great energy. 

James Nathaniel Williamson pursued his early studies in 
the well known preparatory school of Doctor Alexander Wilson, 
at Melville, Alamance County, who said of young Williamson 
that he was one of the "best in his classes. 7 ' In 1860 Mr. William- 
son entered Davidson College, and at the age of nineteen years he 
responded to his native State's call to arms in the war between 
the States. He enlisted as member of the First Company raised 
in Caswell County Company "A," 13th North Carolina Regi- 
ment. Following the fortunes of the Confederacy to the bitter 
end, he served in many of the greatest battles of the war and was 
twice wounded, receiving his parole at Appomattox as Captain of 
Company "F," 38th North Carolina Regiment. Returning at the 
close of the war to his home farm, in Caswell County, amidst the 
chaos that then reigned, Captain Williamson, with grim determi- 
nation, undertook the reconstruction of a shattered fortune. 
With a few faithful negroes, who were formerly numbered 
among his negro property, he went to work, and it was not long 
before order began to emerge from chaos. 

Shortly after his return from the war, Captain Williamson 
married, on September 5, 1865, Mary Elizabeth Holt, daughter 
of Edwin Michael Holt, of Alamance County. 

The branch of the Holt family of North Carolina, which re- 
sides in Alamance County, is descended from Michael Holt, who 
came into the colony at an early day (supposedly from Virginia) 
and settled in what was afterwards Orange County, now Ala- 
mance. Michael Holt secured a large grant of land from the Earl 
of Granville. This land, to which many additions have been 
made, from time to time, is now covered by the towns of Graham 
and Burlington. 



WILLIAM HOLT WILLIAMSON 37 

Michael Holt died about 1785. His son, the second Michael 
Holt, had been one of the leaders for law and order, opposing the 
violent outrages of the Kegulators prior to the Revolution, and 
he suffered much in consequence. He was slow in siding against 
the King, and, in the early days of the war period, was arrested 
and carried to Philadelphia, but was released upon the presenta- 
tion of the facts in the case. Though he did not enter the war, 
he did a noble part by the Array in providing for its sustenance. 
He was the father of five sons and five daughters. A son, Joseph, 
by his first wife, Margaret O'Neill, moved to Kentucky. By his 
second wife, Jean Lockart, he had four sons and three daughters. 
Michael, the sixth of these seven children, was the father of 
Edwin Michael Holt. To the genius, industry and indomitable 
perseverance of this latter is due the founding of the Holt cotton 
mill business in North Carolina. 

Edwin M. Holt married Emily Farish and was the father of 
ten children, among them Mary Elizabeth Holt, who married 
James Nathaniel Williamson. 

Mr. Holt's idea (which he shared with preceding genera- 
tions) was, that families whose interests were in common, 
should remain together, and thus the husbands of his daugh- 
ters became identified with the Holt family in its large manufac- 
turing interests. In this spirit, Mr. Holt invited Captain Wil- 
liamson to unite with him and his four sons in the manufacture 
of cotton goods, and Captain Williamson accepted the invitation. 

For several years after his marriage Captain Williamson 
made his home at Locust Grove in Alamance, but after the erec- 
tion, near Graham, in the same County, of the Carolina Mills, in 
which he was a partner, he moved to that place, where he still 
resides. 

William Holt Williamson, the subject of this sketch, is the 
son of James Nathaniel and Mary Elizabeth (Holt) Williamson, 
and was born at Locust Grove, Alamance County, North Caro- 
lina, February 4, 1867. He was enrolled, in his seventh year, as 
a pupil in the school of the Reverend Archibald Currie, a school 
in which many prominent North Carolinians received their early 
education. Afterwards, he attended Lynch's Preparatory School, 
at High Point, and in 1882, entered Davidson College. He re- 
mained in college two years after finishing the sophomore course. 
Though quite young to leave college, the inclination to be at 
work, and filial affection, developed into an irresistible desire 
to be with, and to help, his father, in the cotton mills. After the 
great success of the Carolina Cotton Mills, on Haw River, Cap- 
tain Williamson had built the Ossipee Cotton Mills in Alamance 
County, operating the latter in his own name. 

In June, 1884, in the Ossipee establishment, William Holt 
Williamson first began work on the very "lowest rung of the 



38 WILLIAM HOLT WILLIAMSON 

ladder." For some time he worked for but a nominal salary, 
which was gradually increased as his work became more effective 
and his ability was proved. On January 1, 1888, he was admitted 
to partnership in the business with a one-seventh interest. Mr. 
Williamson was then of age, and the firm name was changed to 
"J. X. Williamson and Son." In 1891, James N. Williamson, 
Junior (a brother of William Holt Williamson) was admitted 
to membership in the firm, and the former designation of "Son" 
became "Sons." Between 1888 and 1892, the firm's business was 
highly successful; the colored cotton cloths becoming known 
throughout the United States by a constantly increasing trade. 

In 1892, William Holt Williamson established The Pilot 
Cotton Mills, and began the erection of a plant in Raleigh, which 
was finished and placed in operation in 1893. Associated with 
him in this undertaking were his father, James N. Williamson, 
and his mother, Mrs. Mary E. Williamson, and later, his brother, 
James N. Williamson, Junior. In 1907, this business was incor- 
porated under the name of the Pilot Cotton Mills Company, with 
William H. Williamson as President and Treasurer, James 
Nathaniel Williamson, Junior, as Vice-President, and A. V. D. 
Smith, as Secretary. The Pilot Cotton Mills Company's plant 
contains four hundred and twenty-five looms, about eleven thou- 
sand spindles, manufacturing about seven and a half million 
yards of cloth annually. The product of the Pilot Mills is known 
throughout the United States, while for exportation to the Philip- 
pines, South America and the West Indies, other fabrics are man- 
ufactured. This mill has maintained a splendid record for 
"working time," having operated about six thousand days in the 
twenty years up to January 1, 1915, an average of practically 
three hundred working days to the year. The enterprises of the 
Williamsons and Holts have given an impetus to the commercial 
life of the State, the fabrics of which they are manufacturers 
being known and used throughout the world. 

Mr. Williamson's interests are many and varied. He is 
President and Treasurer of The Pilot Cotton Mills, at Raleigh ; 
Vice-President of the James N. Williamson and Sons Company, 
operating the Ossipee and Hopedale Mills at Burlington ; di- 
rector of the Harriet Cotton Mills, at Henderson, and Vice-Presi- 
dent and a director of the Merchants National Bank at Raleigh. 
His interest in educational matters has led to his accepting mem- 
bership on the board of directors of the North Carolina College 
of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts of Raleigh. Mr. Williamson 
belongs to the Alpha Tau Omega Fraternity, and was, at one 
time, a member of the Capital Club of Raleigh, and was on its 
board of governors. He was also a member of the late Southern 
Society of New York. The Raleigh Country Club, of which he 
was the President, when the Club was first opened, was built 



WILLIAM HOLT WILLIAMSON 39 

under Mr. Williamson's supervision, and he is now identified 
with it. 

Mr. Williamson is a Democrat in politics, though not in sym- 
pathy with all of its policies. As the platform of that party, 
however, comes nearer than any other towards meeting his poli- 
tical views, he has maintained affiliation therewith. 

He is an Episcopalian in religion, a vestryman of Christ 
Church, Raleigh, and Vice-President of the Church Club of that 
parish. 

In accordance with a request of his employees in the Pilot 
Cotton Mills, and that he might fraternize with them, Mr. Wil- 
liamson became a member of the Junior Order of the United 
American Mechanics. 

Mr. Williamson has a winter home in De Land, Florida, 
where he goes for much needed rest from business duties. He 
greatly enjoys outdoor life, and is a devotee of golf. Hunting and 
fishing are also among his pastimes. 

William Holt Williamson married, December 1, 1897, Miss 
Sadie Saunders Tucker, daughter of Rufus S. and Florence Per- 
kins Tucker, of Raleigh, who was born November 28, 1872. Their 
children are Sadie Tucker, who died in infancy ; William Holt, 
Junior, born December 5, 1903 and Sarah Tucker, born September 
13, 1912. 

Mr. Williamson has the rare gift of clear and concise ex- 
pression, and in no way could the actuating principles of his life 
be better described than by using his own words extracted from 
a recent statement concerning himself and his business. He 
says : "Since I was old enough to think on such subjects, I made 
up my mind to adopt a business career, following the work of my 
father, a cotton manufacturer. Upon entering upon the labors 
and duties connected with that business I endeavored to make 
the object of my life and work first, to transact my business by 
honest dealings and then to conduct it with a view to the better- 
ment of my fellow men, and for the upbuilding of the community 
in which I was located. 

"I have always endeavored to help my employees by better- 
ing their condition, mentally, morally, physically and financially. 
In our mill stores we sold only the very best and absolutely pure 
groceries, even before the pure food laws were enacted. I have 
always believed in paying the best wages possible, also in provid- 
ing comfortable homes for the employees, and have aided them 
in the beautifying of their yards, encouraged them in their gar- 
dening, and have looked to clean surroundings for them and to 
the providing of pure drinking water. I felt that after I had 
provided honest work, a good, comfortable home and good sur- 
roundings in a healthy locality, had given them the best wages 
and their children an opportunity to receive an education, I had 



40 WILLIAM HOLT WILLIAMSON 

practically done my part by them. I might also add that I pro- 
vided churches to aid the development of the moral and spiritual 
side of their nature. 

"The Pilot Mill Village is considered one of the neatest and 
most attractive in the State of North Carolina ; the Mill school 
one of the best equipped in the country, and there is hearty co- 
operation among the teachers, scholars, parents and the manage- 
ment of the mill. The school has the best of teachers and has cap- 
tured the silver cup for punctuality three years in succession. 

"While the prime object in running a business is to make 
money, I have always felt that there is something more to be 
gotten out of it than mere money and profit. While it must 
necessarily make money to be successful, and the money-making 
end cannot and must not be ignored, still, while this is being 
done, I have felt it to be the duty of all employers to set a good 
example to their employees, of thrift, honesty, industry, and 
sobriety, and also to let these people know that you feel an in- 
terest in them and have their welfare at heart." 

CLAYTON TORRENCE. 




COL. ABRAHAM UMBERGE 



R 



BASCOM LEONARD UMBERGER 

THE history of the last fifteen centuries would be incom- 
plete if the doings of the Teutonic peoples should be left 
out of the record. From the historic day when Herman, 
at the head of his German tribe, destroyed the Roman 
legions of Barus, down to the present time, the work of men of 
Teutonic blood has been one of the dominant features of the 
middle ages and modern history, and this statement refers par- 
ticularly to the Southern Germans. Saxons who ruled England 
from the fourth to the eleventh century were blended with the 

, 

people who made incursion into the land from Western Germany. 
Central Europe has been dominated by the Teutons for a thou- 
sand years. In our own country they have played an important 
part. In the early settlement, the Palatines of the Mohawk Val- 
ley in New York; of New Bern, North Carolina; of Orangeberg, 
South Carolina; of Saulsbury, Georgia; with the Moravians of 
Pennsylvania and of North Carolina, and the Dunkards of the 
Valley of Virginia, were among the sturdiest of our early pio- 
neers. They bore an eminent part in our Revolutionary struggle. 
The choleric but soldierly Baron Steuben was of great assistance 
to Washington in the training of new recruits. Heroic old De 
Kalb, dying at the head of his legion on the disastrous battlefield 
of Camden, and equally heroic old Herkimer, at Oriskany, who, 
though mortally wounded, calmly resting at the foot of a tree 
smoking his pipe, so directed his men that a bloody disaster was 
converted into a dearly bought victory, which is recounted in our 
annals. Muhlenberg, the fighting preacher, one of Washington's 
trusted Generals, and in our later history Carl Schurz, exiled 
from his own country for liberty's sake, fought through the Civil 
War, and later became a leader as an editor and a statesman. 

From this strong stock comes B. L. Umberger, of Concord, 
North Carolina, the subject of this sketch. Mr. Umberger was 
born at Wytheville, Virginia, December 16, 1872, and is the son 
of Colonel Abraham and Elizabeth Martin Umberger. His father 
owned the beautiful estate of "Cold Springs" near Wytheville, 
which is one of the most beautiful sections of Virginia. He was 
a farmer and stock raiser. 

The immigrant ancestor of Bascom Leonard Umberger and 
of every branch of that family name in America, was Heinrich 
(Henry) Umberger, who, with his wife and five children, sailed 
from Rotterdam and Cowes, on the ship Hope, Daniel Reid, 

[43] 



44 r.Asro.M I.KONAKD r.Mi:i-:i:<;i-:i: 

Master, arriving in Philadelphia, August L'S. 17.".:'. Julian, his 
wife, died shortly after their arrival. Hans Leonhart I Leonard) 
the oldest son. was horn 1 TIT, ; Miehael. in 1 71 S; .Inlian, daughter, 
born 17iM : .lohn. in I'L'.'J, and Klizabeth, in 17-."). His second 
wife was Anne .Maria Catherine family name not known. They 
settled in Lebanon Township, then Lebanon County, Pennsyl- 
vania. In 1717 a wan-ant for two hundred acres of land near 
Lebanon was granted to Henry Umberger, and in 1711) another 
tract in the same township was granted to him; it was known as 
"Cranis Departure." The farm obtained in 1717 became known 
as "Umberger Retreat" during the Indian incursions. This 
sturdy pioneer was a devout Christian, and with his sons helped 
to establish the old Hills Union Church, where several genera- 
tions of the family are buried. Leonard, the oldest son, married 
Barbara Borst. In his will, two sons, John and Henry, are 
named, and four daughters, whose names are not given. He died 

in 1766. Michael married Anna Maria - , of Tudehocken, 

as shown by the records of Reverend Casper Stover. He evidently 
prospered, acquiring estates in several counties, which he deeded 
to his several sons : Leonard, Henry, Adam, John, Michael and 
Philip. 

In 1776, the people of that section took up arms in defense 
of the colonies, and under the command of General Armstrong, 
marched to Washington's relief at Trenton. The same troops 
later participated in the Battle of Germantown. The Umbergers 
were well represented in this command, and after the death of 
Michael in 1778, several of his sons entered the army and served 
in Captain Holden's and Captain McCullough's Companies. At 
the close of the war three of his sons, John, Henry and Philip, 
sold out and moved to Virginia, traveling on horseback and in 
wagons, locating in Wythe County. The records of that County 
show a land grant in 1783, to Henry and his wife, Catherine, 
which land, known as "Rose Hill Farm," is now owned bv Pro- 

* * t, 

fessor F. B. Kegley and Brothers, who are lineal descendants of 
Henry. This is one of the best and most beautiful blue grass 
farms in Wythe County. In 1794 Henry and his wife signed a 
release as the heirs of Henry and John Umberger. 

Leonard, the eldest son of Henry, born about 1785, was the 
father of six sons and six daughters. The youngest of these sons 
was Abraham, who, with his father purchased the "Cold Springs 
Farm" about three miles from Wytheville. Abraham was the 
father of seven sons : C. W. Umberger, now living in North Caro- 
lina ; Professor Crit Umberger, of Grayson College, Texas ; E. H. 
Umberger, deceased; Dr. Everett Umberger, deceased; Reverend 
Robert Umberger, of West Virginia ; Bascorn Leonard Umberger, 
the subject of this sketch, and Heber Umberger, a banker of Poca- 
hontas, Virginia. Of Abraham's daughters, only two are now 



BASCOM LEONARD UMBERGER 45 

living: Mrs. W. B. Peters of Emory, Virginia, and Mrs. Neta 
Umberger Grews, wife of Walter Harlow Grews, D.D., Columbia, 
South Carolina, President and Founder of The American Luth- 
eran Survey, the most widely read magazine in America, pub- 
lished by Lutherans. 

Captain David Umberger, of Lisbun, Cumberland County, 
Pennsylvania, was in the war of 1812. He married Dorothy 
Maish, daughter of George Maish. Their oldest daughter, Mary, 
married Edward Miller, who was the grandfather of John R. 
Miller, Esquire, a leading lawyer of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. 
Captain David Umberger was the son of Captain John Umberger 
of Paxtang Township, Dauphin County, who also was a soldier 
of 1812. His father was Adam, the son of Michael, who was also 
the father of John, Henry and Philip, who removed to Virginia 
as above stated. 

The line of descent for the Virginia Umbergers, therefore, is 
Henry, the immigrant, his son Michael; Henry, son of Michael; 
Leonard, son of Henry; Abraham, son of Leonard, and Bascom 
Leonard, son of Abraham. Mr. Uinberger's mother was the 
widow of Banks King, of Giles County, when his father married 
her. The three King children were raised and educated with the 
Umberger family. 'Doctor Everett W. LTmberger married Etta 
King; T. B. King is a prosperous farmer on the Banks King 
estate in Giles County, with land interests in other counties, 
while the youngest son, Charles Banks King, D.D., married Annie 
Watts, of Baltimore, and founded Elizabeth College for Women 
in Charlotte, North Carolina, which he owns and conducts. 

Bascom Leonard Umberger was the youngest child but one 
of a large double family. While still quite small his parents died 
and he was reared by a brother, Doctor Everett W. Umberger. 
An invalid from childhood and a constant sufferer, he was yet of 
such a sunny disposition as to acquire the pet name of "Whistles," 
which follows him down to this day. He had a natural love for 
learning, and he entered the Virginia Polytechnic Institute in 
1892, with a capital of $37.00. It was about this time, when he 
was about sixteen years of age, that he w^as employed by B. F. 
Johnson of Richmond, Virginia, as a solicitor. By dint of hard 
work and rigid economy he was able to pay for three years' 
schooling, notwithstanding the period of financial stress which 
for four years followed 1892, although he was for a larger part 
of the time on crutches. 

Leaving the college he became a commercial traveler, travel- 
ing four years over the United States and filling every kind of a 
position in and out of the office, from a house-to-house salesman 
to a sales manager of the entire field forces. Determined to get 
forward, he retained the good habits that had always been his, 
and practiced an economy which enabled him in these four years 
to accumulate a little capital. 



i .MI:I:U<;KU 

In November, l^'.i'.i. lie married ;it ( 'oncord. Noriii < 'a rolina, 
Jennie Ludwig, born May. ISHI, dan-liter <!' Wiley and Mary 
Winecoil' Ludwig. Their children arc: Wiley Ludwig I'mberger, 
born May 1'.". r.Mll ; Hasconi Leonard rniberger, Jr., born Feb- 
ruary _i. I'.iD.'l; Mary Hell rmberger, horn March L'L', 1!K)4; Lew 
Koy rinberuer, h<rn January 11, IJHMi; Anncla I'lnher^er. horn 
June 1J. IIHIT; Lulu Ksther Cmber^er, horn October l\ 1008; 
Etta rmberger i deceased i . horn September iM), 11HU; Charlie 
King rinberjier. horn January (>, l!>ll'; Jennie Kutli Tin herder, 
born January l>, 1!>14, and Frances Virginia I'niher^er. horn 
Sejuember lii. 101.",. 

lie had already foreseen the opportunity of tlie great Pied- 
mont section, and lie settled in Concord with a resolute determi- 
nation to assist in the development of that section and to build 
up his own fortunes. In 1902 he opened up a subscription busi- 
ness to sell goods through salesmen from house-to-house over the 
United States, which he styles "The Home Educational Com- 
pany," of which he is still President and Manager, and travels 
its men in forty States. He largely uses young men, college stu- 
dents, who, like himself, worked to pay their way through college, 
and through this agency hundreds of college men have not only 
paid for their academic and university education, but have ac- 
quired a knowledge of men as well as the minutiae of business. 
This enterprise has literally run into millions in this thirteen 
years. As an example of Mr. Umberger's methods, he took up 
an article that had been run by jobbers for ten years and then 
discarded, and of this article he has sold more than a million 
dollars' worth. He has also an inventive turn of mind, which 
resulted in his inventing and placing on the market in 1907 the 
"Home Art Desk," a "Toy Piano Action," and other articles and 
improvements, and in the midst of all this stress of business and 
invention has found time to compile several books. He was one 
of the founders of the Citizens Bank and Trust Company, of 
which he is still a Director. He established and is President of 
the Purity Ice-Cream Company of Charlotte, North Carolina, 
now one of the links in the Chapin-Sacks chain of factories. "The 
Velvet Kind ;" Treasurer of the Concord Keal Estate Company, 
and of John K. Paterson Insurance Company of Concord, North 
Carolina, and Director of Elizabeth College, Charlotte, North 
Carolina, and Lutheran Survey Publishing Company, Columbia, 
South Carolina. 

The cream for the big ice cream factory, which is the largest 
and most up-to-date in the State, is supplied from the sanitary 
dairies on his fourteen farms. 

This brings us to his most important business activity. His 
real estate operations have been daring, extensive and successful. 
In addition to being interested in five real estate companies, he 



BASCOM LEONARD UMBERGER 47 

built up the prosperous suburb of "Bergerburg," and is one of 
the largest land owners in that section. His home on the Na- 
tional Highway North is equipped with every modern conveni- 
ence, and is one of the best country homes in the State. This is 
a remarkable record for a man who started life handicapped with 
an infirm body. He adheres to the faith of his fathers, and is an 
Elder in the Lutheran Church. 

A Democrat in his political affiliations, Mr. Umberger is a 
strong supporter of President Wilson's policies, and is convinced 
that the National prohibition of the liquor traffic would be greatly 
to the benefit of the country, and is a member of the Board of 
Trustees of the Anti-Saloon League of his State, and for years a 
delegate to the National Convention. 

He finds time to keep in touch with all current events and 
great questions through first-class magazines, reviews, and select 
literature. Perhaps no better idea of this man's temperament 
can be gained than by quoting a few lines of his own words. He 
says: "Every original thought or device is materially for the 
business-building of to-morrow. Any one can roll along in a rut, 
but the men who have the courage to jolt out of the humdrum of 
routine, rise from the commonplace to conspicuity, and become 
leaders in the way to change and progress. Men who succeed 
do more than humdrum detail work; they create ideas that give 
them more power." 

Mr. Umberger lives up to his theories. He sees opportunities 
on every hand where other men would be blind to them or too 
faint-hearted to seize them if they did. He does not permit him- 
self to be controlled bv environment, but controls circumstances 

*/ / 

and possesses a versatility of mind that brings him success in 
many different lines. So original and daring is he in his ways 
and planning that he keeps his friends wandering what next he 
will undertake and how he will carry out the new undertakings. 
The Revolutionary services of the Umbergers have been men- 
tioned. It mav be added that in everv war since that of 1812, 

/ t/ / 

with Mexico in 1846, the Civil War and the Spanish-American 
War, members of this family have borne their share; his father, 
Colonel Abraham Umberger, whose portrait we attach, having 
been a gallant Confederate soldier. 

Mrs. Umberger's family name of Ludwig comes down from 
the time of Charlemagne, more than a thousand years ago. It 
was one of the earliest personal names before surnames were 
used. In 814 Charlemagne resigned his empire of the West to 
his son Ludwig, and this son later granted Bavaria to his son 
Ludwig. From that day down to the present, descendants of 
this family have ruled Bavaria, and the name of Ludwig appears 
so often in the list of these Bavarian rulers that it may be fairly 
classed as an official name. 



48 BASCOM LEONARD UMBERGER 

Joseph Ludwig was born in Kiuderroth, a province of Deitz, 
in 1699. He married Catherine Kline, and with his wife and three 
children embarked for America under the auspices of General 
Samuel Waldo, in June, 175.'$. Joseph Ludwig died on the sea, 
but his family arrived safelv at Broadway Bay. Waldoboro, 

, V V f f 

Maine, in September following. The family were Protestants. 
Jacob Ludwig, oldest son of Joseph, married Margaret Hilt in 
1775. Professor Sckurr, the distinguished naturalist, says that 
he was well acquainted with the Umberger family at Stuttgart; 
that Ulrich Umberger and his father were intimate friends. It 
appears that they came to Stuttgart from the city of Much in 
the Schwartzwald, in Wurttemberg. Among some of the emi- 
nent men of this name in Germany are noted : Count Wernher 
Honiberg von Minstriel. The family had estates in the Bishropic 
of Basel. The Count was born in 1284. In 1309 Henry VII made 
him Captain of an organization called "Reichstrue" in Lombardy 
District, Frickthal in Aargau, above the village of Wittan 
(Baechtold). A very fine painting depicts him in full armor 
before the gates of a fortress where he is about to force an 
entrance. 

Jeremiah Honiberger, Lutheran theologian, born in 1529, at 
Fritzlau, died in 1593 at Regensburg. Was a minister in Gratz, 
but had to leave there in 1589. 

Pal H. Honiberger, a learned musician, born in Regensburg, 
where he died, 1634, Cantor and Preceptor. Many of his compo- 
sitions are to be found in Proske's library. 

Honiberger, Hoenberg, Homburg, would seem only variants 
of the name Umberger or Humberger, because of the similarity 
in the descriptions of their armor, and the names of the places 
below suggest the patronymic as one of the place names. 

Honiberg, Wurttemberg, District of the Danube belonging 
to a place called Waldsee, a village with ninety-two inhabitants 
near Aniach. 

Humberg, Wurttemberg, a district of the Just, belonging to 
Gaildorf, a village of twenty-three inhabitants, Gochwenel. 

The original form of the name Umberger was undoubtedly 
von Homberg. Like that of most other surnames, however, that 
of Umberger has, with the passing of the years, been modified in 
spelling and pronunciation to suit modern ideas and a different 
environment, the prefix "von" being dropped, and the termination 
"er" being added to take its place. The other changes were evi- 
dently made so that the spelling conformed more closely to the 
present pronunciation of the name, hence the form Umberger. 



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 

JAMES MAGNUS CAMP was born near Arrington, Nelson 
County, Virginia, on September 29, 1860, and died in Lynch- 
bnrg on February 21, 1902, being then a little past forty-one 

years of age. 

His parents were John James and Betsey Anne (Tinsley) 
Camp. His father was a planter and a magistrate. In both the 
paternal and maternal lines his people have been identified with 
Virginia since the colonial period, having been large land and 
slave owners during ante-bellum days, and in every generation 
have been remarkably well represented in the wars of America. 

James M. Camp was a delicate boy, and for that reason his 
early education was conducted at home, by his father, who was a 
cultivated and well-informed gentleman. An opportunity was 
afforded him to receive a college course, but the lad was so eager 
to enter upon an active life that he declined this offer. He after- 
wards regretted his decision when he realized the benefit of spe- 
cial training for any vocation. 

Biographical works and historical novels were his preference 
in reading. At the age of fourteen, Mr. Camp became a resident 
of Lynchburg, and the remaining years of his life were spent in 
that city. A man of naturally quiet temperament and unpreten- 
tious manner, the concentration and application which he 
brought to bear upon his work was intense; but in everything 
he undertook, his great energy was tempered by his good judg- 
ment. 

In 1893, having thoroughly established himself in the confi- 
dence of his home people, and acquired a reputation for financial 
efficiency, he engaged in the clothing business as a member of 
Wills, Camp and Company. The firm started in a moderate 
way, but the business was well organized, and had behind it first 
class ability and unblemished integrity. It grew by leaps and 
bounds, and in the few remaining years of Mr. Camp's life he saw 
the enterprise develop into one of the large concerns of the city, 
well known and patronized throughout that section of the State. 

James Magnus Camp was a liberal man. He knew not only 
how to make money, but how to spend it; and he was always 
ready to help those who were in need. In the Court Street Meth- 
odist Church of Lynchburg, of which he was a member for many 
years, he was a tower of strength. In the Marshall Masonic 
Lodge with which he was affiliated, he was a well-beloved brother. 

[51] 



52 JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 

His political alliance through life was with the Democratic 
party, for imbued, as he was, with the associations aiid ideals of 
the old South, there was no other political affiliation possible for 
him. 

He was a lover of good music, and never lost an opportunity 
to enjoy it. He liked a good play, and was an occasional attend- 
ant at the theatre. His annual hunting trip was for him the 
great occasion of the year in the way of recreation, and he real- 
ized more pleasure from these outings than from any other 
source. 

Mr. Camp married June 20, 1888, Elizabeth G. Poston, 
daughter of the Reverend John Carter Poston, a member of the 
Maryland Methodist Protestant Conference, whose wife was 

\j 

Fanny Evans, a daughter of Evan Evans, of Wales. Mr. and 
Mrs. Camp had three children, of whom two are now living: 
Gladys Garland Camp and Edith Argyle Camp. 

His last illness was long and painful. Though everything 
that science, skill and affection could suggest was done for him, 
he passed away in his prime, leaving behind him the record of a 
life well spent. 

James Magnus Camp was the great-great-grandson of Am- 
brose Camp, a prominent citizen of King and Queen County, Vir- 
ginia, about the middle of the eighteenth century. He appears to 
have had some predilection for the upper counties, as in 1757 
he was trading for lands in Spotsylvania County. He also bought 
land in Culpeper County in 1761, his will being recorded in the 
Court House of that County. His son Captain John Camp of the 
Revolutionary Army, was the father of William Camp of Nelson 
County, Virginia, and the grandfather of John James Camp, who 
was the father of James Magnus Camp, the subject of this sketch. 

In view of the fact that it was not a very numerous family, 
the Camps made a remarkable record in the Revolutionary War. 
The record shows the names of John, who was a Captain in the 
Gloucester Militia ; John, of Culpeper, before mentioned, who 
w T as a Captain in the Continental line; John of Brunswick; John, 
of York; Lawrence; Marshall; Reuben; Richard; Thomas, of 
Southampton; Thomas of Culpeper; Thomas, county unknown; 
and William, a lieutenant. 

Of this long list of Camps in the Revolutionary armies, four 
were brothers or sons of Ambrose Camp. Of these brothers, John 
enlisted in 1775 in a Company commanded by Captain, after- 
wards Colonel John Green, which was attached to the First Vir- 
ginia Regiment under command of Colonel Patrick Henry, on 
February 12, 1776. John Camp appears as Second Lieutenant 
in the Third Virginia Regiment, and later as Lieutenant under 
Captain Gabriel Jones, succeeding to the command of the Com- 
pany on the death of Captain Jones. This Company was later 



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 53 

attached to the marine service. William Camp was appointed 
Second Lieutenant in the First Continental Artillery January 1, 
1777, First Lieutenant November 30, 1777, Regimental Adjutant 
March 16, 1778 ; and resigned on October 1, 1778. Thomas Camp 
was Corporal in Captain Nathaniel Burwell's Culpeper Battery 
attached to the First Artillery. Marshall Camp was a private of 
mounted troops and was killed during a retreat. There is a 
family tradition that there was another brother James, who also 
served as a private. This may be the same as James B. W. Camp, 
who appears as a private soldier on the Revolutionary rosters. 

The War of 1812 brought to the front as officers : John Green 
Camp, who entered the army as a First Lieutenant and rose to 
the rank of Major; William Green Camp, who appears as an 
ensign in the Second Rifle Regiment; another William Camp, 
who appears as an ensign in the Thirty-eighth United States In- 
fantry; a fourth, John Camp, who appears as a First Lieutenant 
in the United States Volunteers, credited to the State of Missis- 
sippi. It cannot be definitely stated that the last mentioned was 
a member of this family, though it is quite probable. Major John 
Green Camp became a conspicuous figure after the war. He was 
the son of Henry Clay Camp, who married Elizabeth Green, 
daughter of Colonel William Green, who was the son of Robert 
Green, an Englishman born. Henry Clay Camp was the son of 
Ambrose Camp. 

John G. Camp married towards the end of the war, on June 
11. 1814, Rhoda Barker, daughter of John Lewis Barker, of Buf- 
falo, New York, and resided in that city for a number of years. 
In 1835 he moved to Sandusky, Ohio, from which place he w T as 
appointed, by President Taylor, United States Marshal for West- 
ern Florida. He died in the City of Washington, in 1849. Major 
Camp was a gallant soldier, and rendered notable service in the 
bloody battles along the Chippewa River and around Fort Niag- 
ara. General Winfield Scott, in his Memoirs, mentions Major 
Camp, and says of him : "He was one of those who got only thanks 
for the military services in the War of 1812-14." There is extant 

t/ 

a letter of President Washington, dated September 12, 1796, 
addressed to the Honorable James Camp, tendering him the 
office of Surveyor-General of the Northwest Territories. This 

t> 

James Camp is said to have been the brother of Captain John 
Camp, which would make him the great-great-uncle of James 
Magnus Camp. 

Mr. Camp's mother was a daughter of Nelson Tinsley and 
granddaughter of James Tinsley of Bedford and Amherst Coun- 
ties. 

The Tinsley family was an ancient one of Yorkshire, which 
was founded in Virginia by Richard Tinslev, who came over in 

o / / 7 

1651, and settled in Lower Norfolk County ; and bv Thomas Tins- 

J / . ty 



54 JAMES MAGNUS CAM I 1 

lev, who with his wife, Elizabeth, came from Yorkshire ami 
patented lands in what is now Hanover f'ounty on October I'D. 
1681). The place was called Totamoi, and is yet held by the 
family. Thomas, who was an ancestor of James Magnus Camp, 
left seven children. In the Revolutionary War the family was 
well represented by John, Jonathan, Nathaniel (of Hanover), 
Ransom, four Samuels and William. One of these Samuels (of 
Hanover) was a Cornet in the Revolutionary army, and later 
became a Captain in the First Regiment of Infantry. Another 
Samuel Tinsley, evidently an older man, was a Captain in the 
State Troops. 

The Tinsley pedigree shows the family descent from Roger 
Magerolles, Lord of Tinsloo, (or Tinsley) in Yorkshire, England. 
The ancient coat of arms showed a chevron between three wolves' 
heads erased Later a stork was added. Motto : Sine labe fides, 
"Faith without dishonor." The colors were gules and argent. 

The Tinsleys have intermarried in various generations, with 
the Colliers, Davises, Winstons, Molins, Boilings, Randolphs, 
Goodes, Harrisons, and others. Thomas Tinsley and Garland 
Tinsley were prominent citizens in Henrico County; and Thomas 
Tinsley was the man who gave Henry Clay his first start in life. 

The old records show some very interesting stories growing 
out of these marriages. Thomas Gregory Smith Dabney, born in 
1798, was a descendant in the fifth generation of John d' Au- 
bigne, who was the founder of the Dabney family in Virginia. 
One of this Thomas Dabney's godmothers was Mary Camp. 
Samuel Washington, a younger brother of General George Wash- 
ington married, as his first wife, Jane Camp, whose name also 
appears spelled '"Champ." She died without issue, and though 
Samuel Washington died at the age of forty-seven he was four 
times married. John Boiling, son of Blair Boiling, married, as 
his second wife, Julie B. Tinsley. Henry Randolph, of Warwick, 
born in 1784, married as his third wife the widow Perry, who was 
a lineal descendant of the first Thomas Tinsley. John Pen die- 
ton, born 1691, son of Philip Pendleton, the immigrant, married 
a Miss Tinsley of Madison County, Virginia. He settled in Ani- 
herst County, and by his marriage to Miss Tinsley had thirteen 
children, eight boys and five girls. The four eldest sons migrated 
to Kentucky and his fifth son Richard, married a Miss Tinsley, 

^ e / 

who was his first cousin, and left numerous descendants. Albert 
G. Pendleton, in the fifth generation from Philip the immigrant, 
married a Miss Tinslev of Amherst County, Virginia. 

f 7 7 O 

Enough has been recited here to show that the Camps were 
good citizens and sterling patriots. Their virtues were many and 
were undiininished in the hands of James Magnus Camp, who 
was a worthy descendant of a notable race. 

It may be noted that there is a French family having this 



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 55 

identical name. Henry de la Campe came over from France in 
1753 and settled in Oley Hills, Pennsylvania. 

Ail interesting contribution to the Camp family history is 
that of Miss F. M. G. Camp of Pittsburgh, who several years ago 
made the statement that the first comer to Virginia was Thomas 
Campe of Nasing Parish, County Essex, England, and that he 
came over between 1635 and 1610. She says further that Thomas 
Camp was a cousin of Nicholas Camp, Jr., the immigrant from 
England to New England in 1635, who founded the Camp family 
of that section. 

It appears likely that Lawrence Camp, who, according to 
the family tradition is the founder of the Virginia family and 
was in Virginia in 1609, returned to England, and that his sons 
migrated to Virginia years later. Lawrence Camp was most 
probably the brother of Nicholas Camp, Sr., and his sons cousins 
of Nicholas Camp, Jr., which is in accordance with the tradition 
that has been preserved in the Virginia family. Miss Camp 
further states that Stripplehill Camp descended from Thomas 
and was the sou of William and Mildred Camp. He was born 

November 12, 1721, and married 1746, Hannah . He 

had sous, John, William and Henry and a daughter Mary. It is 
believed that he had one other child, name unknown. He died 
January 8, 1758. His sons were all in the Kevolutionary Army, 
William and John being officers. William married Frances 
Willis of Orange County on November 27. 1772. John married 
Dorothv Seawell of Gloucester County. Henry married Eliza- 

v tS' V 

beth Green of Culpeper County, daughter of William Green. 

According to Mr. Camp's information, the first settlement 
of the family was in Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, and 
from that center they spread out to Culpeper, on the north side 
of the James Eiver, and to Lunenburg, on the west side, these 
being frontier counties up to the Kevolutionary period. A num- 
ber of Camps also settled in Henrico prior to the Culpeper and 
Lunenburg movement. 

The origin of the Camp family name cannot be positively 
stated, as the genealogical doctors disagree. The Anglo-Saxon 
word "Caempa" meant a champion, the Norse word "Kampi" 
meant a bearded man and the Franco-Norman word "Campo" 
meant a field. There is another claim that the name was derived 
from a military camp, having been borne by a man who lived at 
or near the camp. The first definite form of the name, that is 
found in the old English books, is "de Campo." These de Campos 
were represented at Cambridge and Oxford in the year 1278. In 
the year 1379, the name "de Kempe" appears. Later the name 
assumed three different forms, "Camp," "Cainpe" and "Charnpe." 
All of these spellings are still extant, but a majority of the fami- 
lies use the simple form Camp. 



56 JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 

There are two main branches of the Cain]) family iii this 
country. Nicholas Camp, born in Essex, England, in 1600, and 
settled and spent the ui cater part of a long life in Connecticut. 
In the case of the Connecticut family, the records have been 
fairly well kept, and more is definitely known about them than 
about the Virginia family. One of the descendants of Nicholas 
Camp, Hiram Camp by name, was the first man to put the clock- 
making industry in this country upon a sound footing, and to 
him is due the fact that America is the best clock-making country 
of the world. He lived to the age of eighty-two, and in 1888 was 
the Prohibition candidate for Governor of Connecticut. 

Another of Nicholas Camp's descendants, the Reverend Ica- 
bod Camp, had a most chequered career. He was born in Dur- 
ham. Connecticut, on February 10. 17i'6: took the B.A. degree 
at Yale in 1743: was licensed to preach in 1752; was minister at 
TVallinui'ord. Connecticut, from 1752 to 1761; moved to Wilming- 
ton, North Carolina, in 1761 ; thence to Amherst County. Vir- 
ginia, in 1762 ; and was for a number of years Rector of Old St. 
Anne's Parish. He followed George Rogers Clark to Illinois in 
1779. and spent his remaining years in that country. He died 
at Kaskaskia. Illinois, on April 20. 1786. He was the first Epis- 
copal minister who ever held a service on the banks of the Missis- 
sippi River. One of his daughters. Stella, married Antoine 
Reilhe. of St. Louis. 

It is a tradition among the Virginia Camps that the family 
was founded by Lawrence Camp, of County Essex. England, who 
is said to have been in Virginia in 1609. This tradition seems to 
have been well founded, for Lawrence Camp had four sons, and 
from one of these sons, Thomas, is descended one of the Georgia 
families of that name. Lawrence Camp did not himself settle in 
Virginia, but his sons came to the new country. The first Camps 
who came in spelled their name Campe. which was the form 
used by the Middlesex Counts* family of England. They dropped 
the final "e" after reaching Virginia, and the fact that the earlier 
generations used the coat of arms of the Middlesex family, gives 
a definite clue to their origin. 

From an ancient English record, showing the marriage in 
London of William Camp to Mary Farmer in 127o. it appears 
that even at that early date, the Middlesex family of Camp ranked 
as gentry and was entitled to use coat armor. 

In the absence of complete records, either public or private, 
it is impossible to give anything like a complete history of the 
Camp family in Virginia, but a series of investigations have 
demonstrated the common descent of the various Camp families 
in that State from Lawrence Camp, member of the Virginia Com- 
pany in 1609. 

During the Colonial period the Camps were people of excel- 



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 57 

lent standing, serving as vestrymen in different parishes, as sol- 
diers in the Colonial wars and doing their full duty both to 
Church and State. According to these investigations, Ambrose 
Camp, the direct ancestor of James M. Camp, was not more than 
five generations from Lawrence Camp, which would make James 
M. Camp in the ninth generation. 

Ann Marshall, wife of Ambrose Camp, was a member of the 
family to which the eminent Chief Justice Marshall belonged. 



LUNSFORD RICHARDSON 

A THOUGH the name Richard meaning "rich-hearted, power- 
ful, 7 ' was "in the Norman ducal genealogy before William 
cnine over the water, still it was reserved for the Ange- 
vine monarch, as he had made it the terror of the Paynim, 
so to make it the pride of the English heart." Because Coeur de 
Lion was the idol of his people, the popularity of his name became 
very great and many of his loyal subjects thought to do them- 
selves honor by bestowing it upon their sons. Many of the name- 
sakes of this illustrious monarch had sons who became known as 
sons of Richard, and thus gradually, as surnames began to be 
used, was evolved the present form, Richardson. It is interesting 
to note some early forms, as showing evolutionary steps in its 
development. In the Elizabethan Calendar of Pleadings, is re- 
corded the name John Richardsonne, in the Valor Ecclesiasticus, 
is Thomas Rycherdeson and in the Hundred Rolls, mention is 
made of Roger fil Richard. 

There Avere Richardson families in manv English counties 

/ CJ 

about the beginning of the sixteenth century, and the name spread 
throughout all England, and into Scotland, Wales, and Ireland. 
To the Richardsons of Gloucester, arms were granted in 1588, 
to those of Durham in 1615, and to those of Warwick in 1647. 
In the year 1603, William Richardson of Worcester was knighted 
by King James. In 1619, at W T elbeck, Sir Edward Richardson, 
Speaker, figures prominently and Sir Thomas Richardson of Nor- 
folk, received his spurs of gold in 1626, at Whitehall. Sir James, 
member of a Scotch family of Richardsons, of Synton, was 
knighted at Perth by King James II in 1651. 

As early as the year 1623, at least one Richardson, William, 
was living in the colony of Virginia near the James River. In 
January of the following year, a William Richardson was known 
to have lived on "Mulburie Island," Virginia. He came over from 
England in the Ship "Edwine." 

Among other early immigrants was George Richardson, aged 
thirty, who embarked from England, April 1633, by way of the 
port of London, for New England, in the "Suzan and Ellin." In 
June of the same year, there came in the "America" to Virginia, 
Symon Richardson, aged twenty-three. In July, John Richard- 
son, aged twenty-two, came in the "Paule;" another John, aged 
eighteen, in the "Assurance ;" Luke, aged seventeen, in the "Prim- 
rose" and Thomas, aged twenty-six, in the "Transport." The 

[58] 



LUNSFORD RICHARDSON 61 

month of August brought Leonard Richardson, a forty-three year 
old man, in the "George/' while Henry Richardson, just twenty- 
one, came in October of the same year on board the "Constance." 
Among the early landed proprietors of Virginia, was Ellis 
Richardson, who, in the year 1642, received grant of one hundred 
fifty acres in York County. Nineteen years later, Isaac Rich- 
ardson received three hundred acres in Gloucester County. To 
William Richardson, of Isle of Wight County, was granted in 
1664 a tract of seven hundred acres. Two thousand acres were 
comprised in the estate obtained by Robert Richardson in Acco- 
mac County in 1666. Records show that to Robert Richardson, 
in the same county and same year was granted a tract of five 
hundred acres, and to William Richardson, in conjunction with 
Thomas Adkinson, two hundred thirty acres were granted in 
Isle of Wight. In the year 1722, a grant of five hundred acres 
was made to William Richardson in Isle of Wight County, who, 
perhaps, was a descendant of the William who received a grant 
in 1666. In the same year (1722), there resided in St. George's 
Parish, Spotsylvania County, William Richardson, planter, who 
had conveved to him a tract of four hundred acres of land. In 

b 

the year 1742, an Act was passed for the creating of a town at 
Bray's Church in King George County, and Clapham Richardson 
was to receive certain lots of land in the new town. In Septem- 
ber, 1758, both Joseph and Daniel Richardson of Bedford County, 
were Sergeants in the Militia. Several other Richardsons of Bed- 
ford also gave military service at about this time, John, Joshua, 
Johathan, and Nathan. In the year 1759, to Benjamin Richard- 
son of Sussex was granted a tract of one hundred thirty-eight 
acres; and the following year, Amos Richardson of Halifax 
County received a grant of one hundred fifty acres. 

The tradition in that branch of the family, to which Doctor 
Lunsford Richardson belongs, is that there were three Richard- 
son brothers who came to America from England in colonial 
days, and that one of them settled in Virginia, acquired property 
and founded a family. William, one of this family, great-grand- 
father of Doctor Richardson, moved to North Carolina some time 
between 1765 and 1770, and settled in Nash, or Johnston County. 
It was in the latter county that Joseph, son of William and 
Mildred, his wife, was born January 19, 1774. William was prob- 
ably a Revolutionary soldier, as records show that William Rich- 
ardson of North Carolina served in Carter's company, 1781-1782, 
and that another William Richardson entered Hadley's company 
August, 1782. About 1790, William Richardson was living in 
Johnston County, the head of a household. Other Richardsons, 
heads of families, in the same district and county at that time 
were Applewhite and John. William, father of Joseph, died 
February 1, 1814, and Mildred, his mother, died March 18, 1822. 



62 LUNSFORD RICHARDSON 

Joseph married, in 1798, a young widow, Mrs. Martha Cobb 
Hackney, who belonged to a family of prominence in Wayne 
County, North Carolina. 

It is possible to trace in detail and for several generations 
one branch of the Cobb (Cobbs) family which was first repre- 
sented in Virginia by Ambrose Cobbs, who on July 25, 1639, ob- 
tained three hundred fifty acres of land lying on the Appomat- 
tox, and whose family consisted of wife, Anne, daughter, Marga- 
ret, and sons Robert, Ambrose, and Thomas, the last of whom 
died in 1702, leaving no descendants. 

Robert was born in 1627, and lived in Marston Parish, York, 
of which he was "church warden" in 1658. After Bacon's Rebel- 
lion, he was made Justice of York County, and later became 
Sheriff of the same county, where he died on December 29, 1682. 
He was survived by his wife, Elizabeth, sons, Edmund, Ambrose, 
Otho, and Robert. The marriage and descendants of Robert have 
not been traced. It is known, however, that about 1721, "Robert 
Cobbs the younger" was a vestryman of Bruton. Elizabeth, the 
wife of Robert, son of Ambrose, died in 1684. 

Ambrose, son of Ambrose and brother of Robert, died prob- 
ably before 1688, leaving sons, William, and Robert. York County 
records of 1688 note the marriage of George Glasscock and Mary, 
"widow of Ambrose Cobbs," mentioned also as being the mother 
of William Cobbs. 

Ambrose, son of Robert, son of Ambrose, was church warden 
of Bruton, and in 1710 is mentioned as one of the vestrymen. He 

married Elizabeth . His will, dated April 24, 1718, 

proved June 16, 1718, names his daughter Frances, and his sons, 
Robert, Thomas, John, Edmund, and Ambrose. 

William Cobbs 3 , (Ambrose 2 , Ambrose 1 ) married Mary, whose 
last name is believed to have been Timson, and they had issue: 
Samuel (probably), first a resident of York County and later of 
Amelia County. He married Edith, daughter of Jean Marot, a 
Huguenot, and they had issue: John Catlin Cobbs, Samuel, and 
five daughters. It seems probable that either Edmund Cobbs, or 
Ambrose Cobbs, sons of Ambrose Cobbs, was the father of Samuel, 
Edmund and John of Louisa County. Samuel Cobbs of Louisa 
County in his will, dated September, 1758, names children, Jane, 
Robert and Judith, and brothers Edmund, and John. 

Robert 4 , (Ambrose 3 , Robert 2 , Ambrose 1 ), married probably 
the daughter of Abraham Vinckler, of James City County, and 
his will, proved in York County in 1727, divides his estate among 
"all his children," and names his sons, Vinckler and John, as 
executors. 

Thomas 4 , (Ambrose 3 , Robert 2 , Ambrose 1 ), married Mary 
Shields, named in the will of her father, James Shields, of Wil- 
liamsburg, who made his will in 1736, which will probated in 



LUNSFORD RICHARDSON 63 

York County, September 1750, named Ambrose, Thomas and 
Matthew Cobbs. In the year 1752, a tract of eleven hundred 
ten acres in Chesterfield County was divided among Ambrose, 
Thomas and Matthew Cobbs. 

A chancery suit, brought in York County about 1764, shows 
that Robert Cobbs, whose will was dated December 1725, mar- 
ried, first, Kebecca, daughter of William Pinketham. Rebecca 
died in 1715, leaving two daughters, Elizabeth, and Rebecca. 
Elizabeth Cobbs, born in 1704, married in 1719, James Shields 
of York Countv. Robert Cobbs took for his second wife. Eliza- 

t/ 

beth, daughter of Donald Allen, and had issue: Sarah, who mar- 
ried Robert Jones, George, and Martha, who married Dudley 
Richardson. 

During the eighteenth century, there are numerous references 
to Cobb or Cobbs families in North Carolina. Captain Jesse 
Cobb, of Dobbs County, was a member of the Assembly in 1777. 
Robert Cobbs, of Cumberland County, was in 1776, a member of 
the Provincial Congress and held other important offices. Wil- 
liam Cobb served in the Revolution, as Lieutenant. William 
Cobb, perhaps the same, received one hundred eighty-six pounds, 
twelve shillings, and eight pence for services. Nathaniel Cobb, 
enlisted in Blount's Company, 10th regiment, in 1778, for a period 
of three years. 

i/ 

The Cobbs were represented in Wayne County in pre-Revo- 
lutionary days by two brothers, James and Nathan. Nathan was 
probably the father of Martha Cobb Hackney. Her brother, 
Stephen, was a prominent and wealthy man of Wayne County. 

During the decade after the Revolution, the Cobb family in 
Wayne County included as heads of families, James, Stephen and 
Nathan. There were two women, heads of families, namely, 
Bridget Cobb and Patience Cobb. 

In North Carolina at the present day, descendants of the 
branch, of which Martha Cobb was a member, are found in Wavne 

t- 

and Lenoir Counties, but some of the Cobb family, near the be- 
ginning of the nineteenth century, sold their North Carolina 
possessions and removed to Georgia. 

Joseph Richardson, who was born in 1774, and married Mrs. 
Martha Cobb Hackney in 1798, was a planter in Johnston County, 
where he owned four large plantations, located about twenty-five 
miles east of Raleigh. His home was commodious and comfort- 
able, and he was of amiable disposition and courtly manners, 
beloved and esteemed by all who knew him. 

The children of Joseph and Martha Cobb Hackney Richard- 
son, were: Clement, born 1799; Pharaoh, born 1802; Millicent, 
born 1804; and Lunsford, born April 26, 1808. On October 4, 
1835, Martha died and her husband died November 3, 1840. Their 
son, Clement, died unmarried in 1822. Pharaoh, married Mary 



64 LUNSFORD RICHARDSON 

Vinson, and had three sons, who grew to manhood, one of whom, 
Milton Richardson, a lawyer, married, and for a time resided in 
Clinton, North Carolina. Pharaoh Richardson died October 29, 
1870. 

Millicent, the only daughter of Joseph and Martha, while in 
her twentj^-first year, in 1824, married Thomas Hadley of Wayne 
County, originally of Edgecombe, and went to live in the old Cobb 
home on Contentnea Creek, which Mr. Hadley had purchased the 
year before. Their children were: Margaret, Mary M., Martha 
A., Sarah J., Joseph Richardson, Thomas J., Harriet Amelia C., 
John Clement R. 

Margaret Hadley, born February 19, 1825, married Captain 
Albert Upchurch, and died without issue. Mary M. Hadley, born 
February 17, 1827, married Doctor Stephen Woodard and went to 
reside in Wilson County. Their children were, Frances; Fred- 
erick; Mary Virginia; Margaret; Francis; Sidney A. and Eliza- 
beth, all of whom married and had children, Elizabeth Woodard 
being now Mrs. Roger A. Smith, of Goldsboro, North Carolina. 
Martha A. Hadley, born November 22, 1829, married Wiley D. 
Rountree of Wilson, North Carolina, and had issue, Albert L., 
born April 16, 1852; Rosa, born November 12, 1854; Lily, born 
April 28, 1860; Robert L. Rountree, died in 1865. Albert L. 
Rountree married Alice V. Rountree, October 21, 1874, and had 
issue: George and Albert, twins, born July 1875, died young; 
Cynthia and Alice Virginia, twins, born and died in 1880 ; Robert 
and Wiley, born March, 1881, twins, and Louis D. Rountree, born 
August, 1884. 

The twins, Robert and Wiley, are married and live in Phoenix, 
Arizona, and Louis D. Rountree is married and lives in Brook- 
lyn, New York. 

Lily Rountree married Thomas Russell Cooke, February 12, 
1889, died June 4, 1899, and had issue: Wj'lie Rountree Cooke 
and Martha L. Cooke of Norfolk, Virginia. 

Sarah J. Hadley, born October 11, 1834, married Samuel 
Move, and had daughters Caroline and Ella, the latter of whom 
married Willis Saunders, and is survived by Moye Saunders, 
married and living in Mobile, Alabama, and Thomas Hadley 
Saunders, married and residing in Tarboro, North Carolina. 

Joseph Richardson Hadlev was born in 1831 and died in 
1840. 

Captain Thomas J. Hadley, born in 1839, married Sarah 
Sounders of Johnston County, and had issue: Martitia, Sarah, 
Lucien, Mary and Thomas J. Hadley, Jr. 

John Clement R. Hadley, married Mary Moore and had two 
daughters, Bessie and Margaret. 

Lunsforcl Richardson, youngest child of Joseph and Martha 
Cobb Hackney Richardson, was educated at the University of 



LUNSPORD RICHARDSON 65 

Virginia, and after the completion of his college course, returned 
to the work of managing the large plantations inherited from his 
father. He continued to reside at the old homestead, and mar- 
ried Laurinda Vinson, a sister of his brother Pharaoh's wife. 
The parents of the Vinson sisters were James and Ruth (Smith) 
Vinson. Between 1848 and 1856, Mr. Richardson was several 
times elected a member of the State Legislature. He was 
drowned in 1856. 

The children born to Lunsford and Laurinda (Vinson) 
Richardson were six in number. The eldest, Joseph, died of 
pneumonia when five years of age. The others were: Martha 
Ann Ruth, William, Clement, Rozetta and Lunsford. Although 
William and Clement were mere striplings when the War between 
the States broke out, they left their studies in the University of 
North Carolina in 1862 to join the Confederate Army. William 
became a member of Company "C," Fifth North Carolinan Regi- 
ment of Lee's army, in which he rose to the rank of Lieutenant. 
As Clement was only fifteen years of age when he sought admis- 
sion to the Army, he was placed in the Junior Reserves. After 
the War both brothers cultivated their farms, and William later 
served as State Senator. 

Lunsford, the youngest of the family is Doctor Richardson 
of this sketch. He was born in Johnston County, December 29, 
1853. His early instruction was received from neighborhood 
teachers, and he was thus prepared to enter Homer Preparatory 
School, at Oxford, North Carolina, in September, 1868. In May, 
1872, he graduated with honor from the Horner Preparatory 
School, and in the following September, matriculated in David- 
son College, near the city of Charlotte. Having been well pre- 
pared for a collegiate course, he enrolled as a Sophomore and 
pursued the regular classical course of studies, receiving his 
degree at the college commencement in 1875. For the three years 
immediately following his graduation he taught school, holding 
the position of Principal of the Little River Academy, near Fay- 
etteville, Cumberland County, North Carolina. He gave up 
teaching to manage a farm, and after about a year of this work 
he entered on the study of pharmacy, and in September, 1880, 
opened a drug store at Selma, North Carolina. 

In the month of August, 1884, Doctor Richardson married 
Miss Mary Lynn Smith, whose father was Doctor Jacob Henry 
Smith, a Presbyterian minister of Greensboro, North Carolina. 
Her mother was Mary Kelly Watson, daughter of Judge Watson, 
of Charlottesville, Virginia. Mary Lynn Smith had two brothers 
who won distinction. One of them, Doctor Henry Louis Smith, 
became the President of Davidson College, and later of Washing- 
ton and Lee ; the other, Doctor C. Alphonso Smith, was professor 
of English in the University of North Carolina, and later occu- 
pied the same chair in the University of Virginia. 



66 LUNSFORD RICHARDSON 

In January, 1891, Doctor Richardson removed to Greensboro, 
where he continued in the drug business under the firm name of 
Richardson and Fariss. In 1898, he organized the L. Richardson 
Drug Company, wholesale, which business, however, he sold about 
seven years later, and began the manufacture of proprietary 
remedies. For a time he conducted this work alone, but later 
admitted his two sons, H. Smith Richardson, and Lunsford 
Richardson ; , to partnership in the Vick Chemical Company, of 
which he is owner. 

Doctor Richardson has been, since his youth, a Presbyterian, 
and for manv vears has been a member of the First Presbyterian 

* * */ 

Church of Greensboro. He was elected elder in 1893, and holds 
the honorable office of Presbyter to the various courts of his 
church. For over forty years he has taught faithfully and regu- 
larly in the Sunday-school, and for four years served as its Super- 
intendent. 

Although he has always been a loyal Democrat, he has never 
held nor sought political or civic office. He is a member of the 
Chamber of Commerce of Greensboro, belongs to the Country 
Club, and also holds membership in the Law and Order League 
of the City of Greensboro. 

His family consists of five children, two sons, and three 
daughters, all of whom have been educated at the leading colleges 
of the State. His eldest son, H. Smith Richardson, married Miss 
Grace Stuart Jones, daughter of Mr. E. K. Jones, of Danville, 
Virginia. The eldest daughter, Laurinda, married Doctor C. I. 
Carlson of Greensboro. The younger son, Lunsford, is unmarried, 
as are also the younger daughters, May Norris Richardson, and 
Janet Lynn Richardson. Janet, the youngest, has recently grad- 
uated from Fairmont Seminary, City of Washington. 

As stated before, Doctor Richardson's mother was Miss Lau- 
rinda Vinson, the daughter of James Vinson. The surname of 
the Vinson family is variously spelled Vinson, Vinsin and 
Vincent, and it seems probable that the last mentioned form is 
the original one. The word "Vincent" in Norman French is de- 
rived from "St. Vincent" and is the name of a locality near 
Xormandy. The name is found to have been in London as early 
as 1618. 

On July 27, 1635, there embarked from the port of London 
to "Virginea," in the ship "Primrose," certain emigrants, among 
whom was Thomas Vinson, aged eighteen, who was the only one 
of his surname in the recorded lists. During the next century 

^j u 

and a half, however, the Vinsons greatly increased in number, 
and in Revolutionary days, several families of the name were 
found in North Carolina. One Benjamin Vinson served in the 
Revolution, and for such services, received, at the city of Warren- 
ton, a sum amounting to more than twenty-eight pounds sterling. 



LUNSFORD RICHARDSON 67 

A Moses Vinson received at about the same time, over forty-one 
pounds sterling for his services, and Patrick Vinson received 
ninety-seven. The names of Drury Vinson and Peter Vinson are 
also recorded. There is mention of a William Vinson (or two 
of them) as belonging to the militia in Granville County in 1754. 
The name of William Vinson as a juror is of record, and one 
James Vinson, whose name is also written Vincent, was a claim- 
ant in a case. By 1790, there were upwards of a score of Vinson 
families or independent individuals of that name residing in 
North Carolina. Except for Daniel Vinson's family, residing in 
Morgan District, Wilkes County, all of these Vinsons were in 
Halifax District, Halifax County; Halifax District, Northamp- 
ton County; and Hillsboro District, Wake County. In the first 
named District, lived Benjamin, Charles, David and John. In 
Halifax District, Northampton County, lived Henry, James, 
Abner, another James and James, Jr. In Hillsboro District, 
Wake County, were William, Hozias, Joseph, Keuben and Samuel. 
So it is seen that through his maternal, as well as his 
paternal line, Doctor Lunsford Kichardson is connected with 
those sturdy pioneers w r ho laid the foundation of our national 
greatness and with those who gave valiant service to preserve the 
nation their fathers had founded. By his own expressed opinion, 
that the best interests of the State and Nation may be promoted 
by the practice of individual righteousness and by Christian edu- 
cation, he shows himself the worthy descendant of his honorable 
and honored ancestors. 



ROGER MOORE 

OF the many distinguished colonial families which made 
the Carolinas famous in the early days, the Moore family 
stands pre-eminent for devoted and conspicuous public 
service. From these celebrated forbears, their descend- 
ants have inherited a legacy of intelligence, courage, industry 
and resourcefulness. Among the late representatives of this fine 
old family was Colonel Roger Moore of Wilmington, North Caro- 
lina, head of the widely known manufacturing firm of Roger 
Moore, Sons and Company. 

The name of Roger Moore appears in English records as 
early as the time of Henry VI. This Roger was a person of con- 
siderable note living in County Berks, England. Just when some 
of his descendants removed to Ireland is not made clear, but 
there is evidence that the family of Moore or O'Moore, chieftains 
of the territory of Leix, now a part of County Kildare and County 
Queens, Ireland, was of this Anglo-Norman stock. The armorial 
bearings, as well as the motto, are identical with that of the 
English family, and in those early times when coat armor was 
used for the purpose of identifying warriors, the heralds insisted 
upon hereditary evidence before the use of the arms was per- 
mitted. 

The O'Moores were leaders of that proud and spirited class 
which so vigorously opposed the English government of Ireland, 
and their valorous deeds made them central figures in many 
engagements. The clan was nearly annihilated at Mullghmast 
in a general onslaught by English troops. 

A century later, when Ireland was weakened by defeat and 
confiscation and guarded with a jealous care, the courage and 
resources of Roger O'Moore, Lord of Leix, gave strength to the 
formidable Irish Insurrection of 1641, and this rebellion was 
ostensibly the cause of the Cromwellian settlement in Ireland. 
History contains no instance of the influence of an individual 
mind greater than that of Colonel Roger O'Moore. 

Thomas Leland in his History of Ireland says : "Roger 
Moore was the head of a once powerful Irish family of Leinster. 
His ancestors, in the reign of Mary, had been expelled from their 
princely possessions by violence and fraud and their sept har- 
assed and almost exterminated by military execution. Their 
survivors were distinguished by an hereditary hatred of the Eng- 
lish, which O'Moore of Queen Elizabeth's reign expressed by the 

[68] 



ROGER MOORE 71 

violence and obstinacy of his hostility. The resentment of Roger 
was equally determined, irritated as he was by the sufferings of 
his ancestors, his own indigence and depression, and the morti- 
fying view of what he called his rightful inheritance possessed 
by strangers rioting on the spoils of his family. But his conduct 
was cautious and deliberate; for he had judgment, penetration 
and a refinement of manner unknown to his predecessor. He was 
allied by intermarriages to several of the old English families 
and lived in intimacy with the most civilized and noblest of their 
race. Some part of his youth had been spent on the Continent, 
where his manners were still further polished and his hatred of 
the English power confirmed by an intercourse with his exiled 
countrymen. He attached himself particularly to the son of 
the rebel Earl of Tyrone, who had obtained a regiment in Spain 
and who was caressed at the Court. It was natural for such 
companions to dwell on the calamities of their fathers, their 
brave efforts in the cause of their countrymen, and the hopes of 
still reviving the ancient splendor of their families. With such 
men in such a place an aversion to that power which had sub- 
verted all the old establishments in Ireland, was heroic patriot- 
ism. The spirit of Moore was on fire. He vowed to make one 
brave effort for the restoration of his brethren, was applauded by 
his associate, and returned to Ireland totally engrossed by the 
bold design. From the moment that the idea had first dawned 
in his mind, Moore wisely contrived by every possible measure to 
conciliate the esteem and appreciation of the native Irish ; he had 
the qualities most effectual for this purpose, a person remarkably 
graceful, an aspect of dignity, a courteous and insinuating 
address, a quick discernment of men's characters, and a pliancy 
in adapting himself to their sentiments and passions. The old 
Irish beheld the gallant representative of one of their distin- 
guished families with an extravagance of rapture and affection ; 
they regarded him as their glory and their protection. They cele- 
brated him in their songs and it became a proverbial expression 
that their dependence was 'on God, Our Lady, and Rory 
O'Moore.' 

Dr. Drennan has immortalized Roger Moore in his Ulster 
Ballad and the sentiment of the Irish people is unmistakably 
reflected in the second stanza : 

"Do you ask why the beacon and banner of war 
On the mountains of Ulster are seen from afar? 
'Tis the sign of our rights to regain and secure 
Through God and Our Lady and Rory O'Moore." 

Writers of Irish History who concur in nothing else agree 
in representing Roger Moore as a man of the loftiest motives 
and the most passionate patriotism. None of the excesses which 



72 ROGER MOORB 

stain the first rising in Ulster are charged against him. On the 
contrary, when he joined the Northern Army the excesses ceased, 
and strict discipline was established as far as possible among 
men frenzied with wrongs and sufferings, and unaccustomed to 
control. 

Koger O'Moore's pedigree, according to accepted authorities, 

is as follows : 

MOORE or O'MOORE. 
Lords of Leix. 

LIOSEACH LAXMOR, brother of Irial Glunmhar, who is the 
sixty-ninth on the "Guinness" pedigree, was the ancestor of 
O'Macilmordha ; anglicised O'Mulmora, O'Morra, O'Moore, Holier 
and Mordie. 

69. Lioseach Lanmor; son of Conall Cearnach. 

TO. Lugha-Laoghseach ; his son. 

71. Lugha-Longach ; his son. 

72. Baccan ; his son ; a quo Rath-Baccain. 

73. Bare; his son. 

74. Guaire; his son. 

75. Eoghan; (or Owen) ; his son. 

76. Lugna; his son. 

77. Cuirc ; his son. 

78. Corniac; his son. 

79. Carthan; his son. 

80. Seirbealagh ; his son. 

81. Bearrach ; his son. 

82. Nadseir; his son. 

83. Aongus ; his son. 

84. Aongus (2) ; his son. 

85. Beannaigh; his son. 

86. Bearnach ; his son. 

87. Maolaighin; his son. 

88. Meisgil ; his son. 

89. Eochagan ; his son. 

90. Cathal (or Charles) ; his son. 

91. Cionaodh; his son. 

92. Gaothin Mordha; his son, the first King of Lease (or 

Leix), now the "Queen's County." 

93. Cinnedeach ; his son. 

94. Cearnach ; his son. 

95. Maolmordha ("niorclha;" Irish, proud) ; a quo O'Maoil- 

mordha. 

96. Cenneth ; his son. 

97. Cearnach (2) ; his son. 

98. Cenneth (3) ; his son. 



ROGER MOORE 73 

99. Faolan ; his son. 

100. Amergin ; his son, who is considered the ancestor of 

Bergin. 

101. Lioseach; his son. 

102. Donall; his son. 

103. Conor Cucoigcriche ; his son. 

104. Lioseach (2) ; his son. 

105. Donall (or Daniel) O'Moore; his sou, King of Leix or 

Lease; first assumed this surname. 

106. Daniel Oge; his son. 

107. Lioseach (3) ; his son; the last "King of Lease" built 

the monastery of Lease (called De-Lege-Dei) A. D. 
1183. 

108. Mall (or Neal) ; his son. 

109. Lioseach (4) ; his son; had a brother named Daniel. 

110. David; son of Lioseach. 

111. Anthony; his son. 

112. Malaghlin ; his son ; died in 1481. 

113. Connall ; his son ; died in 1513. 

114. Koger Coach ; his son ; was slain by his brother Philip ; 

had a brother named Cedagh, who died without 
issue; and a younger brother named John, who was 
the ancestor of Mulchay. 

115. Charles O'Moore, of Ballinea (now Bellyna), Enfield; 

son of Roger Caoch; d. 1601; had an elder brother 
named Cedagh, who was Page to Queen Elizabeth, 
who granted him Ballinea. 

Charles O'Moore: This Charles had a younger brother 
named Eory Oge, who, A. D. 1587, was slain by the 
English. 

116. Colonel Roger, son of Charles; d. 1646. 

Roger: This Colonel Roger O'Moore was the "Rory 
O'Moore" of popular tradition in Ireland; to whose 
courage and resources was, in a great measure, due 
the formidable Irish Insurrection of A. D. 1641. 
Descendants of Colonel Roger Moore, the "Rory O'Moore" 
of popular tradition in Ireland, are familiar figures in American 
History. They are first introduced in the person of James Moore, 
the grandson of Colonel Roger Moore, who headed the Irish Re- 
bellion. James Moore was appointed Governor of South Carolina 
in 1700. Governor James Moore was born in Ireland in 1640 and 
emigrated to this country in 1665, settling on his grant of land 
in the Goose Creek section of the Colony. A year later he mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter of Sir John Yeamans. Ten children 
were born of this marriage, of whom was : James 2d, Colonial 
Governor 1719-21, died unmarried, November 19, 1740. 

Maurice, afterwards Major; prime mover in the settlement 



74 ROGER MOORE 

of the Cape Fear. Died November 19, 1740, within an hour of 
the death of his brother James. 

Nathaniel, member of the Colonial Assembly, 1738-9. 

Roger, known as "King Roger.' 7 This cognomen was given 
him on account of his kingly bearing and unflinching courage. 

As, moreover, he practically drove the Indians from the sur- 
rounding country, he merited the well-deserved title, "King- 
Roger.' 7 He was for many years a member of Governor Gabriel 
Johnston's Council. He was a man of great wealth, possessing 
immense tracts of land in the surrounding country. He was a 
builder of the historic mansion called "Orton," which is still 
standing. His sons, all born at Goose Creek, were men of serious 
thought and decisive action, and their children, prominent in 
Revolutionary times, were possessed of the same courageous and 
resolute spirit. 

In 1711, when the Tuscaroras were murdering the colonists 
in Albemaiie and threatening to exterminate the white people in 
North Carolina, Colonel James Moore 2 , with a body of South 
Carolina troops, hastened to the scene and waged a vigorous cam- 
paign which restored peace. He was reinforced by troops under 
command of his younger brother, Major Maurice Moore, who 
remained in Albemarle a year, when he was summoned to South 
Carolina with his forces to subdue another serious Indian upris- 
ing. He marched along the coast, crossing Cape Fear River near 
Sugar Loaf, and was so favorably impressed with these river 
lands that he conceived the idea of settling them. 

He could not carry out this project until 1725, as the Lords 
Proprietors had prohibited a settlement within twenty miles of 
the river banks. His brother, Roger Moore, had married a daugh- 
ter of Landgrave Smith, who had located a grant of forty-eight 
thousand acres on the Cape Fear in 1692, and this may have had 
an influence in bringing about the settlement. "King Roger 
Moore" came with his hundreds of slaves and built "Orton," one 
of the finest examples of pure colonial architecture in America, 
and here he lived in princely style. 

Maurice Moore selected a bluff site near "Orton," fifteen 
miles below the present city of Wilmington, and laid out a town 
which he called Brunswick, in honor of the reigning family of 
England. 

Nathaniel Moore's plantation, known as York, was situated 
on a bluff some forty miles from Brunswick. 

The year 1719 is memorable in Carolina annals for the over- 
throw of the Proprietary form of Government. The Moore fam- 
ily was thoroughly in accord with those opposed to a continuance 
of British oppression through the Lords Proprietors, and when 
the people resolved to have a Governor of their own choosing, 
they selected as their leader Colonel James Moore, who had been 



ROGER MOORE 75 

Commander-in-Chief of the Militia in the late Indian war, but 
who had been removed because of his active opposition to the 
authority of the Proprietors. He was elected Governor in 1719, 
and subsequently served as Attorney-General and Judge of the 
Admiralty Court of South Carolina, and was Speaker of the 
Colonial Assembly, 1722-'25. 

In 1766, the Moores again became conspicuous as champions 
of the rights of the people by presenting to Governor Tryon an 
assurance of the spirit of independence then prevailing, which 
would sustain the people to the extent of armed resistance to the 
enforcement of the odious Stamp Act. On this momentous occa- 
sion George Moore was selected to challenge the authority of the 
Bang and of the Parliament. The fearless Moore, with a force of 
one hundred and fifty armed men, appeared before Governor 
Tryon, and his resolute defiance in the face of two British sloops 
of war, rendered the Governor powerless. 

The noble impulses of these patriots who resolved to main- 
tain their rights, foreshadowed the American Revolution, and in 
the events leading up to open rebellion, and throughout the 
memorable struggle, the Moore family bore an honorable part. 

In 1774 James and George Moore represented New Hanover 
County as delegates to a Convention, and Maurice Moore was a 
member of the committee organized to draw up an address to the 
people of Great Britain, setting forth the wrongs of the Colonies 
in North America. His brother James was Colonel of the First 
North Carolina troops and was in command during the battle at 
Moore's Creek Bridge in February, 1776. He was appointed 
Brigadier-General ; was made Commander-in-Chief of the Depart- 
ment of the South, and received the thanks of Congress for his 
gallantry. 

Passing on to the period of the War between the States, the 
courage and valor of the Moore family is again exemplified in the 
heroic services to the cause of the Confederacy by Roger Moore, 
Colonel of the Third Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry. The 
greatest achievements of this Regiment were accomplished while 
it was under the command of Colonel Roger Moore, and won for 
him the praise and sincere thanks of General Lee. The Third 
Regiment was originally under command of Colonel Baker, who 
was captured at the Davis farm. His command then devolved on 
Colonel Waddell, who very soon resigned on account of ill health, 
and was succeeded by Colonel Moore. In the unpublished manu- 
script of Sloan's History, Colonel Moore's activities are summed 
up in these words : 

"Lieutenant-Colonel Waddell is quite favorably mentioned in 
the official reports of this date. But it was under his successor, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Roger Moore, that the Regiment won its 
highest honors. This gentleman was no trained soldier, but by 



76 ROGER MOORE 

mere force of character, unflinching courage and capital good 
sense he accomplished the best results in every kind of service. 
Under him two of the most brilliant dashes were made: that of 
Captain McClamrny at White Oak Swamp, in August, 1864, when 
he charged into the Federal lines and brought out prisoners under 
short range of musketry; and that of Sergeant Johnston of Cap- 
tain Hatchett's Company, who entered the Federal Camp on the 
Warren Ketreat, from Bellfield, in December, 1864, and made its 
whole circuit with a mounted squad of ten men. Half of these 
daring and gallant fellows were literally chopped to pieces with 
axes by the Pioneer Corps, but the survivors went ahead all the 
same." 

Colonel Koger Moore was not only conspicuous as a brave 
soldier in the Confederate Army but he did valient service for his 
section as Chief of the Division of the Ku Klux Klan, in Wil- 
mington, North Carolina. It is not violating the secrets of this 
organization to state that Colonel Koger Moore, after taking the 
secret oath at Raleigh in 1868, organized and commanded a Ku 
Klux Klan at Wilmington, which was made up of the best blood 
of the South. Many members of this Klan were loyal and devoted 
soldiers who had served under Colonel Roger Moore. It is now 
generally known that it was owing to the conditions in the South 
at the close of the War that the Ku Klux Klan was organized 
under the direction of General Nathan Bedford Forrest, in 
'67-8, to protect the Southern people from the ravages and depre- 
dations of the spoilers who came South immediately after the 
War. A member of the Ku Klux Klan in an adjoining neighbor- 
hood, in speaking of the debt the citizens of Wilmington owed 
this brave soldier, said: "Colonel Roger Moore did his duty in 
this matter and never allowed his Klan to commit an act that 
was not justified and endorsed by our superiors. He was in every 
sense a gallant and chivalrous gentleman. The people of Wil- 
mington had every cause to thank him and the Klan for the good 
order that followed. But, of course, none but the members of the 
Klan knew its leaders, as it was one of the closest hide-bound 
secret orders ever known." 

Among other offices of trust held by Colonel Roger Moore 
during his life-long residence in Wilmington was that of Com- 
mander of the General Organization of white citizens to protect 
the lives and homes from the possible negro ravages during the 
race war of 1898. 

This Race War occurred November 10, 1898, and so thor- 
oughly were the demoralized negroes controlled by the white men, 
under the leadership of Colonel Roger Moore, that the unpleasant 
conditions were immediately changed in a way which meant per- 
manent good for all concerned. 

Colonel Moore was born in New Hanover County, North 



ROGER MOORE 77 

Carolina, July 19, 1838, son of Koger and Ann Sophia (Toomer) 
Moore. His business career was primarily that of a commission 
merchant trading in turpentine and allied products. He subse- 
quently engaged in the manufacture of brick and dealt extensively 
in building materials, achieving an unusual degree of success. 
He was the founder of the business house of Koger Moore, Sons 
and Company, and was prominently identified with every move- 
ment conducive to the advancement of Wilmington. 

Always an upright and honorable Christian gentleman, Colo- 
nel Moore in 1888 became imbued with profound religious 
convictions, and his spiritual zeal continued unabated to the time 
of his death in 1900. His affiliation was with the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, of which he was a steward and trustee. 

Colonel Moore married first, Rebecca Scott Smith, daughter 
of Thomas and Mary Frink Smith of Wilmington. A son, Roger, 
w r as born and died in his fifteenth year. 

Colonel Moore married secondly, May 3, 1871, Eugenie Berry, 
widow of George Atkins, and daughter of Benjamin W. and Ann 
Eliza Berry. Nine children were born of the second marriage, 
five of whom are living, namely : 

ANNE, educated at St. Mary's School, Raleigh, North Caro- 
lina, graduated with the highest average ever attained in the 
school. From Vassar College she received the degrees A.B., A.M., 
class honors, a graduate scholarship, a fellowship and two suc- 
cessive appointments to the Marine Biological Laboratory at 
Wood's Hall. From the University of Chicago she received a 
fellowship, and Ph.D. degree. For four years she was head of the 
Department of Physiology and Biology at the State Normal 
School, San Diego, California ; afterwards Investigator of Social 
Conditions in New York. 

As an authoress, she wrote "The Feeble-minded in New 
York," published by New York State Charities Aid Association, 
1911, and used as a basis of appeal to the New York State Legis- 
lature for improved commitment laws and increased appropria- 
tions; "The Financial Standing of Patients in Fifteen 
Dispensaries," published in New York County Medical Record, 
February, 1914; "Physiology of Man and other Animals," pub- 
lished by Henry Holt and Company, 1909 ; various scientific 
articles published in American Journal of Physiology; as well 
as popular articles, stories, etc. 

PARKER QUINCE, the present Mayor of Wilmington, now 
serving the people for the second time in that office. He was 
educated at Captain Bell's Military School in Rutherfordton, 
North Carolina. He married Willie Mav Hardin. 

t.' 1 

ROGER,, now at the head of the firm of Roger Moore, Sons 
Company, attended the schools of Wilmington and was instructed 
by private tutors. His business training was acquired at a com- 



78 ROGER MOORE 

mercial college in Baltimore, Maryland. He married Alice 
Borden. 

Louis TOOMER,, a former student at the University of North 
Carolina, and now member of Davis Moore Paint Company. 

MARY ELLA,, attended St. Mary's School, Kaleigh, married 
Arthur L. Mills, Greenville, South Carolina. 

The limits of this sketch merely serve to briefly illustrate 
the character of this patriotic American family. For generations 
its members have been contributing to the moral growth of the 
country and, notwithstanding the more complex conditions which 
now obtain, the younger generation are exhibiting the same 
virile characteristics of their ancestors. 



ANDREW MILTON KISTLER 

IN no phase of life's activities do ability, intelligence, energy, 
and unswerving attention to duty count for more or bring 
more certain advancement than in the industrial world. 

Here a man is measured by results, and there is room at the 
top only for those who produce them. To such, the highway of 
success is an open thoroughfare, and years of unceasing applica- 
tion and patient toil are inevitably marked by steady progress. 
That this is true is well illustrated in the career of Andrew Milton 
Kistler of Morganton, Burke County, North Carolina, who in 
1888 entered the Boston office of the wholesale leather establish- 
ment of Kistler, Lesh and Company, and has steadily risen in its 
service. In 1892 he became junior partner, and to-day is the 
senior member of the great industrial enterprise the Burke 
Tannery at Morganton, which ranks among the important indus- 
tries of the South. 

Andrew M. Kistler was born at Sciota, Monroe County, 
Pennsylvania, September 21, 1871, a son of Charles E. and Ann 
Elizabeth (Woodling) Kistler. On the paternal side, Mr. Kist- 
ler's ancestry has been traced through five generations to George 
Kistler, who was a member of that sturdy group of Swiss or 
Palatine settlers who arrived in Pennsylvania in the early colo- 
nial period. 

Pennsylvania was settled largely by the Germans, French 
and Swiss ; this State being the central point of location of these 
emigrants from 1682 to 1776. In the State records of this time 
thousands of names of these people may be found. They are 
described as having been hard-working men who w r ere burghers 
or farmers in the old country, and who came to this new land 
hoping and striving by diligence and thrift to improve their 
condition. The new country could not fail to benefit by the labor 
and skill of these patient toilers. When determination and 
industry go hand in hand with ingenuity and skill, satisfactory 
results invariably follow. 

About the year 1672, such was the persecution to which they 
were subjected, a large body of Swiss fled from the Cantons of 
Zurich, Berne and Schaffhausen and settled for a time in Alsace 
above Strasburg. In 1708 they went to London and thence came 
to America, settling in Pennsylvania. 

The Palatinate (German, Pfalz) was a portion of the old 
German Empire. It was divided into two parts ; these being dis- 

[81] 



82 A\!'Ui:\V .MILTON KISTLER 

tingnished as the I'pper I'alat 'male and the lower or Rhenish 
Palatinate. The latter w;is lorated on both sides of the Rhine 
and included the to\\-ns of Heidelhnrg and Mannheim. 

After the Peace of Westphalia, in HJ4S, the two I'alatinates 
were separated ; Havana receiving 1he rpper and 1he Lower 
becoming a separate electorate of the Empire, and afterwards 
known as the Palatinate. After several changes, what is now 
the Palatinate belongs to a portion of Bavaria west of the Rhine, 
and the Upper Palatinate is another part of Bavaria. This 
country is said to be "as fair a land as all Europe can show." 

About 1735, the George Kistler, before mentioned, removed 
from Falkner Swamp and Goshenhoppen (now Montgomery 
Bounty, Pennsylvania) to Lynn Township, Lehigh County, mak- 
ing his home near what is now Jerusalem Church. He became a 
member of this church and was an elder therein from about 17.")."* 
to 17C.S. His children were: George, Jacob, John, Samuel, Philip, 
Michael, Barbara, Dorotea and Elizabeth. 

Jacob Kistler. second son of George, lived in the old home- 
stead and had a family of eight children. Of these, Michael 
learned the tanner's trade and conducted his business for many 
years in Kistler Valley, Lehigh County. Here he and his wife 
Maria lived and reared their children, and here was born their 
son Stephen, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, who also 
engaged in the tanning industry and subsequently moved to 
Tannersville, Monroe County, Pennsylvania. Increasing his 
knowledge of the treatment and manufacture of leather, he 
became very proficient and a leader in the industry. He owned 
tanneries at different points, managing them with marked ability, 
and established a headquarters in New York City. His wife died 
April 8, 1877, after great and long suffering, and three years later, 
on March 16, he, himself passed away at Stroudsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania. His children were: Charles E. (father of Andrew Milton 
Kistler), Rufus (married Mary J. Edinger), Angeline, Almira, 
Alfred, Wilson (married Henrietta Stauffer), Mary (married 
John H. Lesh), Milo (married Alice Clator), and Michael D. 
(married Menena M. Seibert). Almira and Alfred both died at 
an early age. 

The first of these children, Charles E., born January 24, 1S30, 
when fourteen years of age entered the tannery at Tannersville. 
He had the advantage of being trained by a father whose profi- 
ciency in his business made of him an able teacher. The boy an 
apt pupil, under this influence soon obtained a thorough knowl- 
edge of the business, and developed initiative and judgment 
which, joined to his natural energy and ability, made him a suc- 
cessful man. He was only twenty-one when he became a partner 
at Tannersville. 

Having purchased a tannery at Sciota, he wished to give this 



ANDREW MILTON KISTLER 83 

his personal attention and supervision, and so retired from the 
partnership in 1867. He afterwards made his home in Sciota. 
The original name of Sciota was Fennersville, and the village was 
laid out by Henry Fenner about 1845. The tannery was built by 
Mr. Joseph Fenner, and sold by him to Messrs. Betz and Bossard, 
from whom Mr. Kistler purchased it. 

He, associated with his brother Wilson, established in 1869 
a factory at Lock Haven. Kistler energy and skill insured suc- 
cess, and in a short time branches were established at five differ- 
ent points. These were located at Sciota, Lock Haven, St. Mary's, 
Eolf and in Huntington County. Charles E. Kistler was a man 
of sterling character and inherent ability. Capable in the man- 
agement of his business affairs, energetic beyond the ordinary, a 
man of true worth, his influence extended far. He could easily 
have obtained political honors had he coveted them ; but his heart 
was with his family and all of his energy was devoted to the 
advancement of his business interests, so that no leisure remained 
which could be devoted to other pursuits. 

He married on March 18, 1861, Miss Anne Elizabeth Wood- 
ling. To them were born seven children : Emma Jane, Catherine, 
Caroline, Edwin Oscar, Mary, Andrew Milton, and an infant 
unnamed. Andrew Milton, the subject of this sketch, and Mary 
were the only ones of these who lived to reach maturity. Mr. 
Kistler was a Lutheran ; an inheritance, no doubt, from his Pala- 
tine ancestor, and was a deacon in the Tannersville Lutheran 
Church for many years. He was a Director of the Stroudsburg 
Bank, and a most respected citizen. He died suddenly, March 22, 
1880, when only forty-one years old ; his death causing much grief 
in his community. Mrs. Kistler, his widow, in 1884, built a 
handsome home in Sciota. 

Andrew Milton Kistler, born in Sciota, Pennsylvania, Sep- 
tember 21, 1871, had the advantage of a liberal education in the 
Pennsylvania State Normal School. While attending this school 
he made his home with his Uncle Wilson Kistler, who was the 
executor of his father's estate, and who then had the management 
of the entire business. Mr. J. Woodliug, Mrs. Kistler's brother, 
was superintendent of the Sciota branch. It was quite natural 
that Mr. Kistler should decide early in life to acquire a thorough 
knowledge of the leather business in which his father, ^rand- 

7 ^? 

father and great-grandfather had achieved such signal success. 
The progressive son of an energetic family, his ultimate promo- 
tion to the presidency of this widely known firm, Kistler, Lesh 
and Company, is a just recognition of his eminent qualifications. 
In 1904, Mr. Kistler was chosen President of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Morganton, and is also a Director of the First 
National Bank at Hickory, North Carolina. He is also President 
of the Drexel Furniture Company, of the Valdese Manufacturing 



84 ANDREW MILTON KISTLER 

Company, and of the Bee Tree Lumber Company; all important 
industries in the State of North Carolina. 

Mr. Kistler is a member and a deacon of the Presbyterian 
Church. He has attained high rank in Masonic circles, including 
Dalhousie Blue Lodge, Newton Eoyal Arch Chapter, Gethsemane 
Coniniandery of Newtonville, Massachusetts, and Oasis Temple 
of Shriners, Charlotte, North Carolina. 

Adhering to the principles of the Republican party in mat- 
ters affecting the welfare of the nation, Mr. Kistler is non- 
partisan in local politics, casting his vote for the candidate whom 
he regards as best qualified for the office. 

April 19, 1897, he married at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Miss 
Ernestine Huebener, born May 1, 1869, daughter of Rev. Lewis 
and Louisa Huebener. They have two sons, Charles Edmund and 
John Frederick Kistler, now in student life. Mary, the only 
surviving sister of Andrew M. Kistler, was graduated from the 
Moravian Seminary, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, in June, 1885, and 
later attended the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. 
She was married in February, 1895, to Doctor John H. Lesh, of 
Boston, Massachusetts, and now resides in Newton Center, Massa- 
chusetts. 

The Kistler family furnished at least two officers to the 
Union Army in the great "War between the States." One of 
these, Michael M. Kistler, son of Michael and Magdelina (Brobst) 
Kistler. He was born on the old homestead in 1833 and married 
Miss Catherine Rumbel. He was managing a small tannery of 
his own at Ringtown when the Civil War broke out. He was 
appointed Second Lieutenant of a company formed there, went 
to the front, and while at Fredericksburg was promoted for meri- 
torious service to the rank of First Lieutenant. The other was 
Amandus C. Kistler. who was an officer from Pennsvlvania in the 

/ f 

Civil War, and was retired as Captain in the Regular Army in 
1870. 

The surname of Kistler is of German origin, and in ancient 
documents is spelled Khistler. It is derived from an occupation 
and the original meaning seems to have been box-maker or 
maker of chests. The name is found very often in the cantons 
on the Swiss-German border, where the prevalent tongue is a 
difficult Alemannic dialect. 



JOHN THOMAS LUPTON 

BORN in 1862, at Cloverdale Farm, near Winchester, Fred- 
erick County, Virginia, John Thomas Lupton is a 
descendant of the Joseph Lupton, who came from England 
to America and settled first in Pennsylvania. About 1740 
he and a brother went to the Valley of Virginia, and erected a log 
cabin two miles west of Winchester. They returned to Pennsyl- 
vania and the next year Joseph went back to Virginia taking his 
family, a wife and eight children. From this Joseph sprang all 
the Virginia Luptons, and they are numerous, though to trace the 
individual families is a difficult task. Broadly speaking they 
have been divided into the Round Hill branch, the Presbyterian 
Luptons, and the Applepie Ridge branch, known as the Quaker 
Luptons. Mr. Lupton's father was Jonah J. Lupton. The name 
Jonah appears in both lines, but the fact that his father's people 
were Quakers seems to indicate that he comes from the Applepie 
Ridge branch. They were large land owners and unmistakably 
Quakers. This fact makes it evident, too, that they came origi- 
nally from the North of England, rather than from the Luptons 
of the "Thame" near Oxford. 

It is probable that the Society of Friends was introduced 
into the town of Kendal, Westmoreland, England, about 1645. 
When the old meeting house belonging to this society was taken 
down for the erection of a new one, the date 1688 was discovered 
on the old doors. 

In the list of the inhabitants (freemen) of Kirkbie Kendall, 
is found Richard Lupton, 1670, among "the feltmakers and 
haberdashers" and, as there is a distinct Quaker branch of the 
family in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, it is highly prob- 
able that the Richard Lupton of Kendall neighborhood was the 
ancestor of Mr. Lupton of this sketch, or at least a member of 
the same family. Kendal, the largest town in Cumberland, Eng- 
land, became the seat of a very powerful barony soon after the 
Norman Conquest, though it was a place of some importance 
even during the Saxon era. As early as 1336 John Kemp of 
Flanders introduced the manufacture of woollens into Kendal. 
The buckram green druggets made there were for several centu- 
ries the principal material used for clothing by the poor of Lon- 
don and other cities. This explains the expression of Falstaff in 
"King Henry IV," "Three misbegotten Knaves in Kendal green 
came at my back, and let drive at me." This Kendal green was 

[87J 



88 JOHN THOMAS LUPTON 

the uniform of Kobin Hood's followers : "All Nuwoods are full of 
outlaws, that in Kendal green, followed the outlawed Earl of 
Huntington." 

After the settlement of America the greater part of the Kendal 
products were sold to the colonists, especially in Virginia, until 
the time of the Revolutionary War. 

Connected with this old town have been some people of 
prominence. Katherine Parr, last wife of Henry VIII, was born 
at Kendal Castle in 1515. Ephraim Chambers, author of the 
first encyclopedia, was born at Milton, near Heversham, West- 
moreland, and educated partly at the Kendal Grammar School. 
It was at Kendal that the famous painter, Konmey, was placed 
as an apprentice, where his genius developed and where he was 
married. Here was born John Gough, "The Blind Philosopher" 
whom Wordsworth has pictured in the "Excursion," "the frame 
of the whole countenance alive with thought,' 7 and of w T hom Cole- 
ridge wrote : "Why, his face sees all over." 

That the Luptons were living near this borderland of York 
and Cumberland is evidenced by the fact that there was a town- 
ship of Lupton in the olden days, and that there are records of 
the family in this vicinity in modern days. 

The parish of Kirby Lonsdale is bounded on the East by 
Yorkshire, on the South by Lancashire and the parish of Burton, 
on the Xorth by the parish of Kendal and that of Sedbergh in 
Yorkshire. The town of Kirby Lonsdale is twelve miles from 
Kendal. Records in the church there show that Richard Lupton 
died August, 1873, aged fifty-nine years, and Agnes Lupton died in 
1865; while at Ortm, James Lupton died in 1875, aged eighty, 
and Jane, his wife, died in 1874, aged fifty-nine. 

The township of Lupton extends from two and a half to four 
miles west, north of Kirby Lonsdale. In Domesday the manor 
is called Lupetun, and was part of the property of Torsin at the 
time of the Conqueror's Survey. It was subsequently held under 
the Barons of the Redmans and under the Redmans by the Har- 
ringtons. The Redmans were anciently a family of considerable 
importance in Westmoreland. Their estates were sold in the 
latter part of the fifteenth century to the Bellinghams of Burns- 
head; later the parish was in the possession of Sir Richard 
Hutton and, in 1681, of Sir Christopher Musgrave, of Edenhall, 
Cumberland. 

In the annals of England several Luptons have made their 
mark. The first who was conspicuous, Roger Lupton, was Pro- 
vost of Eton College, and founder of Sedbergh School, York- 
shire. He died about 1540. Sedbergh is just across the county 
border from Westmoreland and is only a few miles from Lupton 
and Kendal. No doubt Roger Lupton and Richard Lupton, who 
died in 1873 were of kin, though the exact relationship cannot be 



JOHN THOMAS LUPTON 89 

determined. It has been conjectured that Koger was the son of 
a Thomas Lupton who was slain at Shiphany in 1477. As another 
Thomas Lupton had been killed near Sedbergh at the Feast of 
St. Peter ad Vincula about 1470, it has been suggested that some 
local or family feud was then raging among the dalesmen. 

Thomas Lupton, a miscellaneous writer, flourished about 1583. 
Another Lupton, William (1676-1726), was a scholar and a 
clergyman of the Established Church, and notable for his cham- 
pionship of the doctrine of eternal punishment. Then there was 
Donald Lupton, miscellaneous writer, who served during the 
early part of his life as Chaplain of the English forces in the 
low countries and Germany. He was finally appointed vicar of 
Lunbury, Middlesex, and died April, 1676. Thomas Goff Lupton 
(1791-1873) was a well-known engraver to whom is mainly due 
the introduction of steel for mezzotint engraving. In America, 
Nathaniel Thomas Lupton distinguished himself in the scientific 
world. He was born near Winchester, Virginia, in 1830, and, 
after graduation from Dickinson College, specialized in chemistry 
at Heidelberg under Bunsen, and became quite prominent in 
scientific circles in America. He was the fifth President of the 
University of Alabama, and died at Auburn, Alabama, in 1893. 

How happened it that a Lupton of the family from West- 
moreland, England, years and years after their emigration to 
America, should choose for his bride the daughter of a family 
distinguished in Westmoreland County, Virginia? Strange 
things do happen, and it is a fact that the father of Mr. John 
Thomas Lupton, of Chattanooga, Tennessee, did marry Kebecca 
Catherine Lee, who was closely related to the famous Lees of 
Stratford, Westmoreland County, Virginia. There is no evidence 
to show that the Luptons of Virginia had any thought of from 
what part of England the family came originally, yet in Virginia 
Jonah J. Luptoii, of Frederick County, married Miss Lee, daugh- 
ter of John C. Lee, a second cousin of "Light Horse Harry," 
nearly all of whose family were from that part of the State, 
named after the northern counties of England. 

In the first census reports there were five Lees who were 
heads of families in Cumberland, Northumberland and Lancaster 
Counties. 

Mr. John Thomas Lupton studied first in the graded schools 
of Strasburg, Virginia, going thence to Koanoke College and 
graduating in 1882 at the head of his class. Besides the class 
honors, he was awarded a medal for work in mathematics. He 
then took up the study of law at the University of Virginia, 
receiving the B. L. degree in 1886. A year later Roanoke College 
bestowed upon him the degree of Master of Arts. That same 
year he located at Chattanooga and, until 1891, was active as an 
attorney. 



90 JOHN THOMAS LUPTON 

Giving up his law practice because of failing health, he 
entered the business world and has since been engaged in manu- 
facturing. In 1888 he became Treasurer and Secretary of the 
Lookout Mountain Land Company; in 1891 Vice-President and 
Treasurer of the Chattanooga Medicine Company, with which 
he was identified until 1906. In 1894 he was chosen a Director 
and later, Vice-President of the National Bank of Chattanooga, 
and holds the same position with the consolidation known as the 
First National Bank. He is President, Vice-President and Di- 
rector in many other enterprises, among them the Coca Cola 
Bottling Company, which controls the bottling of Coca Cola 
throughout the South and West. He has done much for the 
improvement of the city, having erected the Elizabeth Apart- 
ments and the palatial Patten Hotel, as well as other noteworthy 
buildings. 

Coming of sturdy religious stock, Mr. Lupton is an active 
church member. Not only is he a deacon in the First Presby- 
terian Church of Chattanooga, but he was on the finance com- 
mittee which had to provide a large sum of money needed to 
erect the handsome building used by this congregation. The 
wideness of his reach in business has already been noted. He is 
equally prominent socially, being a member of the Mountain City 
and Golf and Country Clubs of Chattanooga, the Phi Gamma 
Delta Club of New York City, the University of Virginia Alumni 
Club and the N. G. Society. He is a member of the National 
Chamber of Commerce, Vice-President of Oglethorpe University, 
Trustee of Agnes Scott College and has held various other posi- 
tions. A democrat on general political lines he has never held 
a political office, but has been content to use his influence as an 
upright citizen, taking whichever side he sincerely believes to be 
the right one in public questions, without contesting for political 
preferment. 

Mr. Lupton married on November 14, 1889, at Chattanooga, 
Tennessee, Miss Elizabeth Olive Patten, born in that city August 
26, 1871, and has one son, Thomas Cartter Lupton, born April 4, 
1899. Mrs. Lupton is the daughter of Zeboim Cartter Patten 
and his wife nee Mary Kawlings. 

The Pattens, both in the old country and the new, have been 
distinguished in all walks of life. Of Norman origin they claim 
an ancient lineage. The name is on the Koll of Battle Abbey, 
proving that they were with the Conqueror at the Battle of Hast- 
ings. Geoffry Patin was in Normandy in 1119, while Kichard 
was living at Patin in Essex County, England. Surnames were 
not firmly established until a century and a half later and 
branches of the family for patronymics used the name of thp.ir 
estates, as "Wayneflete," or that of some maternal ancestor as 
"Barbour." 



JOHN THOMAS LUPTON 91 

Patin, Patine, Patyn finally Patten comes down for several 
hundred years, with personal names Richard and John most 
frequently, until Richard of Wayneflete, the father of William, 
John and Richard. 

William Patten, known as "Waynflete," was by far the most 
illustrious of his line, who before and after him have rendered 
eminent service to their country. He was a wonderfully gifted, 
and a very learned man, Bishop of Winchester, Chancellor of 
England under Henry VI, Prelate of the Most Noble Order of 
the Garter and founder of Magdalen College, Oxford. His brother 
Richard, father of Sir Humphrey Patten, is the progenitor of the 
Pattens of America. The latter settled, in the reign of Henry 
VIII, at Warrington. 

It may be remarked here that lilies figure in the arms of both 
the Luptons and the Pattens, for the arms originally borne by 
Bishop Waynflete were a a field fusilly ermine and sable." When 
he was Provost of Eton College he inserted "three lilies slipped 
argent" in his arms, borrowed from the shield of Eton College. 
These arms have since been borne by Magdalene College. Wayne- 
flete added as his motto the verse of the magnificat, "Fecit mihi 
magna qui potens est," to be seen to-day over the door of the 
chapel of his college. 

Others of the Patten name of whom history has taken note 
were Robert Patten, the historian of the Jacobite Rebellion; 
Thomas Patten, the divine, and friend of Dr. Johnson, and George 
Patten, the painter of portraits and historical subjects. In Eng- 
land the last of the direct descendants of Sir Richard Patten 
of Waynflete died in 1892. This was John Wilson-Patten, Baron 
Winmarleigh, who was born in 1802. His father had in 1800 
assumed the additional name of Wilson at the request of Thomas 
Wilson, the celebrated Bishop of Sodar and Man, to whose estates 
he succeeded. Bishop Wilson had married the great-grand- 
daughter of Sir Humphrey Patten. Baron Winmarleigh was 
educated at Eton College and had a long career in the House of 
Commons. 

Nathaniel resided in Somerset and in 1640 chartered the 
ship "Charles" of Bristol, and sailed with some companions 
westward to America. 

Thomas Patten of Somerset, in his will in 1645, mentions his 
son, Nathaniel; nephews: Thomas and Robert, and grand- 
nephews : John, Thomas and Nathaniel. 

In the same year a Nathaniel Patten was at Rochester, and 
a Thomas was at Salem in 1643. 

The Pattens have made good records both in civil and mili- 
tary service. For five generations there has been a George Wash- 
ington in each, which, at least, evidences loyalty. Three brothers 
in the last century went from New York to Delavan, Illinois, 



92 JOHN THOMAS LUPTON 

David, George W. and Zeboim. The second named, Major 
George Washington Patten, with his sons John Alanson and 
Zeboim, became engaged in manufactures in Chattanooga, where 
he died in 1906. His brother Zeboim had first opened business 
there. Major Patten is the grandfather of Mrs. John Thomas 
Lupton. 

As already indicated Mr. Lupton is connected with the cele- 
brated Lee family, through his mother, Rebecca Catherine Lee, 
daughter of John C. Lee, cousin of "Light Horse Harry." Some 
of the Virginia records have been so badly kept that the exact 
chain of relationship cannot always be established. There is a 
possibility that John C. Lee, Mr. Lupton's grandfather may have 
been the John Lee, fifth son of Colonel Charles Lee, who was born 
in 1744 at Cobb's Hall, Northumberland, whose will mentioned 
his wife, his son Charles and "all the rest of my children." This 
son, John, went South, married and had issue, but the records are 
lost. This Cobb's Hall line comes from the third son of Colonel 
Richard Lee. As there are many Lees in Virginia so were there 
many in Old England. This name is one of the most ancient. 
Launcelot Lee of London, France, was an associate of William 
the Conqueror, and distinguished himself at the Battle of Hast- 
ings. From this may be seen the Norman origin. He was given 
an estate in Sussex. As Earl of Litchfield, Lionel Lee accompa- 
nied Coeur de Lion in the Third Crusade and afterwards received 
another estate called "Ditchly." This gives title to a branch of 
the family in Virginia. The Norman may be the original branch, 
but the family became widespread in England, there being 
scarcely a county in which their mansions or manors were not 
found. The name first appeared in the genealogical table as Lega, 
or De Lea, but gradually assumed the present form of Lee. Some 
of the authorities differ as to the origin, but most of them agree 
that it was from the Lees of Cotton, dating back to 1150, that the 
Virginia main branch is descended. In the reign of Charles I, 
a Richard Lee came from Shropshire and settled in York County, 
Virginia. In 1663, he was granted four thousand acres in West- 
moreland County. Here was the beginning of the famous Strat- 
ford Hall estate, "scene of history and homestead" on the brow 
of the Potomac. 

Colonel Richard Lee, who is said to have been the first white 
man in the "Northern Neck," was secretary of the Colony of Vir- 
ginia. His second son, Richard Henry, was born at Stratford, 
and was a man of prominence in his day. He was one of the 
delegates to the Continental Congress at Philadelphia in 1774 
and prepared the address to the people of America and the second 
address to the people of Great Britain. He was the mover in 
Congress for the Declaration of Independence. Among other 
Lees in the early legislature of the States were Francis Lightfoot 



JOHN THOMAS LUPTON 93 

Lee and Arthur Lee, brothers of Richard Henry; Richard Bland 
Lee, who, as representative in the first Congress from Virginia, 
was an effective advocate for the establishment of the Seat of the 
National Government on the Potomac River. The three members 
of the family best known to people of to-day are Henry, called 
"Light-Horse Harry," whose father was a first cousin to Richard 
Henry, and who won his soubriquet under General Washington ; 
his youngest son, Robert E. Lee, the famous Confederate General, 
and General Fitzhugh Lee, grandson of "Light Horse Harry" 
and nephew of Robert E. Lee. Distinguished indeed has been the 
name of Lee in both American and British history. It was Gen- 
eral Henry Lee, who made the famous eulogy of Washington in 
the immortal phrase, "First in war, first in peace, first in the 
hearts of his countrymen." The Lee family itself has had a large 
place in the hearts of Americans and to be connected with it is a 
signal honor. 

In the history of the "Prebendal Church of the Blessed 
Virgin of Thame," by Frederick George Lee, is a copy of the arms 
of Lupton from a stained glass at Sedbergh. 



JOHN LAURIN McCALL 

THE McCall families of Scotland were all supposed to have 
descended from the MacAulay Clan of the Highlands. 
Their armorial bearings have undergone many changes, 
as is the case in all very ancient families, until at this 
time the several branches bear different charges, while there still 
remains in all enough similarity to prove the identity of their 
origin. 

The earliest mention found of the MacAulays or McAllas is 
in Dumbartonshire, the chieftains having been designated as "de 
Ardincapell" which they owned from the time of King Kobert I. 
They are classed as a branch of the Clan Gregor and this is 
proven from a bond of manrent, or Deed of Clanship, executed 
in 1591 between the MacGregor of Glenstrae and the Mac Aulay 
of Ardinaple, which asserts that they are of the same original 
stock, "the MC Alpine of auld." This would give a Celtic deriva- 
tion for the Clan. It is claimed by some that the Me Aulay s were 
descended from a younger son of the Earls of Lenox. Some mem- 
ber of a later generation came down into the Lowlands and set- 
tled in Dumfriesshire, not far from Appin in Argyleshire, from 
whence came their American ancestor. 

As is generally the case, the name has come down in grada- 
tions from Mac Aulay, Mac Alias, Me Caul, Me Aull, Me Aall, 
until the changes halted at Me Call which is now generally 
adopted, though Mr. Samuel McCall, in the eighteenth century, 
spelled his name sometimes McAull and again Me All. 

Thomas McCall mentions, in a sketch of the McCall family 
published in 1829, that his brother, Hugh McCall, was born 
February 17, 1767, in North Carolina, that he died June 10, 1823, 
and w r as buried in the Old Colonial Cemetery at Savannah, 
Georgia. He also relates that the McCall, Harris and Calhoun 
families migrated, sailing in the same ship, first from Dumfries- 
shire to Ireland, remaining in that island for two generations, 
and the descendants of these same families then came together to 
Pennsylvania. A grandfather of Thomas, one James McCall, 
married Janet, daughter of James Harris. Again the three fam- 
ilies, after a few years, moved into the wilds of Virginia where 
they were attacked by Indians. Some of the Calhouns were mur- 
dered and the survivors were forced to seek a more civilized part 
of the State. These McCalls were, no doubt, a branch of the 
Clan, some of whom, notably John McCall, came later, with the 

[94] 




/ 













JOHN LAURIN MC CALL 97 

colony of McLearin and others, from Appin in Argyleshire, all 
descendants of that ancestor who left the Highlands for the 
South of Scotland so many years before. 

John McCall 1 was born in Appin, Scotland, December 1, 
1772, coming to America in 1790 with the Me Laurins and others. 
There have been many marriages between the descendants of these 
Colonists, including, also, the Betheas who came still later. John 
McCall married in 1810 Marv Currie whose home was in Rich- 

t> 

land County, North Carolina. Of the five sons born to John Mc- 
Call, three died in infancy and one died unmarried, so that John 
Laurin McCall, whose connections are numerous, is the head of 
the family in America. 

John Laurin McCall was born May 23, 1812, in "Carolina 
Section," now Dillon County, South Carolina. His father being 
a farmer, the boy, no doubt, gained health and strength in the 
necessary out-of-door work and exercise. He was ambitious and 
studious, making the best use of the schools which, at that time, 
were somewhat elementary. When a young man, he left his home 
on the farm and studied scientific cutting and tailoring at Bish- 
opville, South Carolina, at which work he continued for about 
five years. It was then, even after he was twenty-five years of 
age, that he took up a special course of English under the tutelage 
of Mr. Charles Spencer of Sumter County, South Carolina. Sub- 
sequently he taught school at Sinclair's Cross Roads. It was 
while he was so engaged that he met Nancy, daughter of Mr. 
Archibald Sinclair and his wife Katherine, nee McGilvary. He 
married April 27, 1842. From 1862 until 1866 he served as Tax 
Collector for the County. He was a merchant for some time in 
Clio, held the position of Magistrate, and also devoted himself 
to farming until a few vears before his death, which occurred on 
May 25, 1894. 

John Laurin was not affiliated with any Church but was an 
honest, upright and estimable citizen, with a high regard for 
religion, having views on the subject peculiar to himself. Natur- 
ally he was a Democrat and worked with and for that party 
which he considered the exponent of the best principles of a Re- 
public. 

The children of John Laurin McCall are: 

1. Charles Spencer McCall who was a merchant at Bennetts- 
ville and also the proprietor of several farms. He died unmarried 
December 31, 1904. 

2. Thomas Dick McCall, a farmer, married, first, Miss Katie 
Carmichael April 7, 1875. There were six children: Thomas 
Edgar; Charles Sinclair; Martha Brown; Virginia; Annie; and 
John L., Jr. Thomas Dick married, second, Miss Mary Gillard. 
Two children were born of this marriage, viz., Katherine Gillard 
and Thomas Dick, Jr., both of whom died in infancy. 



98 JOHN LAURIX MC CALL 

3. Pocahontas McCall who married Mr. L. B. Koper Febru- 
ary 2, 1880. Their children are Mary McCall Koper and Marga- 
ret Bethea Koper. 

4. Katherine John McCall ; died in infancy. 

5. James Gordon McCall; died unmarried. 

6. Annie Jane McCall ; married Mr. John A. Pate February 

3, 1870. Their children are McCall; Ida Lee; Alice; Daniel Chis- 
holm; Mary, Thomas Dick; and Travis. 

7. Archie Malcolm; died unmarried. 

8. John Milton McCall; is blind; unmarried. 

9. Mary Katherine McCall ; married, first, Mr. Walter Mon- 
roe, November 6, 1885, and, second, Mr. H. H. Newton, February 

4, 1889. Their children are Katie Monroe; Martha Brooks and 
Julia Baldwin, twins; Cornelia Newton; Charles McCall and 
Walter Monroe, twins. 

10. Sallie McCall who married Mr. J. P. Edens, October 22, 
1884. Their children are Sue Hamer, died in infancy; Nancy; 
Martha Louise; Katie Sinclair; Sallie Marion; twin sons John 
and Wade, died in infancy; Charles McCall and Mary Grace, 
twins; Margaret Evans; Pocahontas; Joseph Pierce, Jr., and 
James Gordon. 

With regard to the armorial bearings, there are two distinct 
coats of arms borne at the present time by different branches of 
the McCall family. The more ancient bearing, which appears on 
an old silver seal w r hich belonged to Mr. Samuel McCall of Glas- 
gow (1681-1759) has ever since been borne by some of his de- 
scendants. This is described as "Azure, a pheon argent; on a 
chief of the last two spur-rowels and part of the spur gules." 
The pheon (which is the emblem of human life) and the stars, 
or spur-rowels, were the ancient bearings of the McAulays of 
Ardincaple, upon which the above coat has doubtless been 
founded. The first record extant of the arms for the name of 
McCaull is in the Workman's MSS, (anno domini 1623) as fol- 
lows : "Argent, a pheon poynt upwards, azure, betwixt two stars 
(or mullets) in chief gules" which is very similar to the coat 
above set clown except that the tinctures are counterchanged for 
difference, and the position of the pheon which is now borne 
with the point in base is reversed. The crest which accompanies 
this shield on the old seal referred to is : "A griffin's head between 
wings," and this has been used by some of the family until com- 
paratively recent times, but has now given place entirely to "a 
leg in armour," as explained below. 

The more modern arms of McCall, which are now used by 
many of the family, were assumed by the sons of Mr. James 
McCall, of Braehead, at some time previous to 1805, but no steps 
were taken to register them until 1865, in which year there was a 
Patent of the Lord Lyon, Kiug-at-Arms, granted to the late Mr. 



JOHN LATJRIN MC CALL 99 

James McCall, of Daldowie, dated September 1, and setting 
forth the blazon as follows: "Gules, two arrows saltirewise be- 
tween three buckles, argent, surmounted by a fesse checquy of the 
second, and sable, within a bordure engrailed or." This coat also 
is founded upon the bearings of the Clan Macaulay. The crest 
granted with this shield is : "A leg in armour couped at the calf 
proper, and spurred on," with the motto DULCE PERICULUM, 
which is also a Macaulay bearing; and it has been said that this 
crest and motto are now universally borne by the family although 
some use the older shield and some the more modern. Both these, 
as has been seen, point to the same origin, and there is nothing 
incongruous or inconsistent in the using of either, although the 
former may possess the more fitting heraldic significance as the 
McCalls were a separate family in Dumfriesshire before the 
change referred to took place in the arms of the parent Clan. 



50504X 



JAMES BELL McCOMB 

EVERY State in the Union has given its quota of desirable 
citizens and noted men to the country, but Virginia has 
always been pre-eminent in this regard. James Bell Mc- 
Conib, of Richmond, Vice-President and Treasurer of the 
Suburban Development Corporation, deserves, indeed, to be listed 
among the men whose role it is to develop the resources of and 
so become the Makers of the Nation. 

He comes of a long line of men, efficient in their varied call- 
ings, who can trace their ancestry back for many centuries. The 
McComb family originally came from Scotland, where it was a 
branch of the Mclutosh clan. 

James McComb, a descendant of John McConiie Mor, mar- 
ried Bridget Mott, January 5, 1763, and later came to America 
with their seven children : James, Mary, Eleazar, John, William, 
Henrv and Elizabeth. James McComb and his wife were living 

v 

in Princeton, New Jersey, during the Revolutionary War. He had 
personal relations with General Washington, and dined with him 
on several occasions. John McComb, one of his sons, rose to emi- 
nence as an architect ; it was he who drew the plans for the old 
City Hall in New York. 

A story is told of him as a child, when, during the Revolu- 
tionary War he was living at Princeton with his parents. The 
dav before the battle of Princeton, while his father was awav 

. ^ 

with the army, some British officers came to the house where 
John and his little sister were alone. John was about seven 
years old and his sister three. John feigned deafness so well that 
the officers really believed that he could not hear and talked un- 

*/ 

reservedly of their plans. Eliza was a very lovely little girl, and 
one of the officers proposed taking the pretty child of the Rebel 
with them. This troubled John. He managed to take some 
money and papers from his father's desk and asked permission 
to go out with his sister. He had learned the countersign and 
after passing the guard ran with his sister on his back until he 
\vas tired out. He put her dow r n and they walked as fast as 
they could, John walking backward to see if they were followed. 
As he did so he ran into his father's arms. 

James McComb, a cousin of John McComb, the architect, 
was the direct ancestor of James Bell McComb, the subject of 
this sketch. His parents were Andrew McComb and his wife 
Christiana Bell, whose other children were: William, who was a 

[100] 







JAMES BELL MC COMB 10 

merchant in Dublin ; Martha and Dorcas, who married two Hen- 
derson brothers ; James, who was the second son, born in 1765 at 
the village of St. Field, in the County of Down, nine miles from 
Belfast. He emigrated, when only eighteen years of age, to 
America, landing in Philadelphia in July, 1783. He shortly after 
journeyed to Richmond, thence to Albeinarle County, where he 
obtained employment and remained for some time, subsequently 
settling in Augusta County. 

He purchased a farm on Christian's Creek, Augusta County, 
from the Misses Nancy and Mattie Black, where he made his 
home until his death in 1846. This farm and the one adjoining, 
which belonged to his eldest son, William, now belongs to Wil- 
liam's second son, William Rives McComb, the only living grand- 
son of the first settler. James McComb married in 1793, Susan- 
nah Henderson, daughter of John Henderson, a Captain in 
Colonel Richardson's regiment during the Revolutionary War. 
Their children were Christiana, James, William, Luther and 
Joseph Bell McComb. Joseph Bell McComb (born in 1808, died 
1901) married in 1829 Frances Hughes and had a family of five 
sons and three daughters: Martha Janet, Moses Hughes, James, 
William Alexander Brown, Henderson, Frances, Marion and 
Eveline. The four older sons served in the Confederate Cavalry. 
Henderson was killed at Spotsylvania Court House. 

William Alexander Brown McComb was born October 19, 
1838, and died July 3, 1906. He was a member of the class of 
1859 of the University of Virginia. He served as aide to General 
J. E. B. Stuart until the latter's death, and then under General 
Fitzhugh Lee until the close of the war. He married Louisa S. 
Paul, May 15, 1872, and of this marriage were born James Bell, 
John W., Mary Susannah, Martha Virginia and Francis Marion. 
The two last-named children died young. 

James Bell McComb, the eldest child of William A. B. and 
Louisa S. (Paul) McComb, was born in Waynesboro, Augusta 
County, Virginia, May 22, 1873. His childhood and youth were 
spent in the healthful environment of the farm, where he lived 
with his parents from 1880 to 1897, in Louisa, Virginia. He re- 
ceived a high school education supplemented by a business college 
course. In 1897 he went to Richmond and engaged in clerical 
work for one year. 

In 1898 he purchased "Glen Cove," a stock farm in Orange 
County, Virginia, and engaged with his brother, John W. Mc- 
Comb, in the breeding of saddle horses and hunters. James pur- 
chased his brother's interest in "Glen Cove" in 1903, and con- 
tinued the breeding of high-class horses until 1909, when he dis- 
posed of the property. During this period the "Glen Cove" farm 
bred and sold many prize winners. His horses took many prizes 
at the horse shows in Virginia, Chicago and at New York's noted 
exhibitions in Madison Square Garden. 



104 JAMES BELL MC COMB 

When Mr. McComb sold "Gleii Cove" it was with the inten- 
tion of buying a country place near the sea, and during his search 
for a suitable location, his attention was called to a suburban 
property situated between Richmond and Ginter Park, the Capi- 
tal's most fashionable suburb. He concluded to purchase and 
develop this tract together with other properties, on the plan of 
a greater Richmond, which venture has proven remarkably suc- 
cessful. 

Mr. McComb was married at Philadelphia, October 15, 1903, 
to Miss Regina Courtney Smith, who was born in Baltimore, in 
1880, a daughter of Carroll Hubert and Lillian Allers Smith. 

Mr. McComb is a member of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Richmond ; Mrs. McComb is an Episcopalian. He has always 
been allied with the Democratic party, but will not bind himself 
to blind partisanship, reserving the right to vote for other meas- 
ures than those advocated by the party, should the interests of 
the people, in his judgment, seem to demand it. If he once de- 
cides that he is right, he has the courage of his convictions, and 
may always be relied upon to do his duty. It is such men as Mr. 
McComb that the country needs. 

*j 

He is an original member, and for two years was President 
of the Orange Horseman's Association, chartered in 1899. He 
was the organizer, and for two years master of hounds, of the 
Orange County Hunt Club, which now is known as the Toma- 
hawk Hunt Club. 

In the Henderson line Mr. McComb is a descendant of Wil- 
liam Henderson, who died November 1, 1770, at the age of seventy- 
one years. In his will, recorded at Staunton, Virginia, he names 
his children John, James, David and Joseph Bell. His son 
James and brother Samuel he appointed executors. His estate 
comprised over three thousand acres of land in Augusta County. 
The Henderson family, also, is of Scotch ancestry. 

The McComb family in this country has been devoted to 
agriculture to a great extent, and the men have proven them- 
selves capable, combining the shrewdness of the Scotch and the 
wit of the Irish. For two hundred years and more, the Scotch- 
Irish race has been a potential and beneficent factor in the devel- 
opment of the American Republic. All things considered, it 
seems probable that the people of this race have given color, to a 
great extent, to the history of the United States. 

James Bell McComb may well be proud of his name, for the 
McCombs have stood for much that is commendable through many 
centuries, and their courage, thrift and ambition may well be 
emulated. The McCombs w r ere a stalwart race. A historian of 
the family says : "A most interesting fact in connection with the 
history of the M'Cornbies has been the hereditary transmission 
uninterrupted for over five hundred years, of great personal 
stature and strength." The Reverend Samuel McComb, D.D., of 



JAMES BELL MC COMB 105 

New York, J. J. McCornb, an author, and General McConib, of 
the Kevolutionary War, are men of note representing the family 
of McComb in America. 

The founder of the Mclntosh family was Shaw McDuff, who 
distinguished himself in quelling a rebellion among the Moray 
tribes against Malcolm IV in 1161-3. His descendants then took 
the name of Mclntosh, meaning "son of the chief, or foremost 
man. 77 "From Adam McWilliams, son of William Mclntosh, de- 
scends the McComie, McCombie, sometimes Macomb or McConib 
families of America. The letter "b" was added in the eighteenth 
century. 

The name "McThomas," son of Thomas Mclntosh, changed 
gradually from M'Honiie to McComie and M'Combie. Sir Aeneas 
in his manuscript history makes mention of "John M'Intosh of 
Forter, commonly called "McComie," as among the "oldest and 
wisest, not only of my own but of all our neighbor families. 77 

The family of McComb took its rise as a separate and dis- 
tinct branch of the Mclntosh Clan in the latter half of the four- 
teenth century. In the original Fen charter, dated September 7, 
1568, the McCombs are described as being "Ab antique 77 tenants 
and possessors of Finnegand in Glanshee. John McComie Mor, 
younger of Finnegand, was married to Janet Farquarson, daugh- 
ter of William Farquarson and Beatrix Gordon, daughter of Lord 
Sutherland. 

Alexander, son of John McComie and Janet Farquarson, was 
the father of John McCombie Mor, ("Mor 77 meaning "the great 77 ), 
the most noted member of the clan. During his life the family 
was at its highest point of influence in Perthshire and Forfar- 
shire. He entered into possession of the barony of Foster during 
the time of the Commonwealth. History and tradition alike bear 
testimony to the remarkable character of this Highland chief. 
The sagacity and indomitable spirit that characterized his mental 
qualities were not more conspicuous among his contemporaries 
than his extraordinary bodily strength. After a long and event- 
ful life John McComie Mor died at Crandart, January 12, 1676. 
He was buried in Glenisla Churchyard. In few districts in Scot- 
land has the memory of a man who died over two hundred years 
ago been kept so vividly in memory by tradition as has that of 
McCombie Mor in Glenisla. 

After his death, January 12, 1676, some of his descendants 
joined the great army of Scotchmen who emigrated to the north 
of Ireland, and from them descended the McCornbs of America. 
The township in Scotland is spelled "Macomb. 77 Ireland was in 
a very turbulent and unsettled condition at that time and people 
from other countries were constantly coming and going, which 
adds to the difficulty of the searcher, in tracing their lineage. 
The McCombs in Ireland engaged in agriculture or mercantile 
pursuits and took no part in politics so far as is known. 



JAMES CORNELIUS OTTS 

THE name Otts is a familiar one to the student of the 
records of the early settlers in Pennsylvania and the 
Carolinas. It is spelled variously, Outz, Otz, Otte, Ott 
and Otts. The original form of the patronymic was Ott, 
the "s" having been added at some later time. The name appears 
frequently in the lists of emigrants to Pennsylvania between 
1732 and 1776 and, in the first census of South Carolina taken 
in 1700, there are recorded nine Otts, heads of families. The 
American ancestor of James Cornelius Otts was the earliest of 
the Ott emigrants to America. 

In 1732, "the goode ship Pink Plaisance, John Paret, Master, 
from Rotterdam, last from Cowes," dropped anchor in the .Dela- 
ware River at Philadelphia. It carried one hundred and eighty- 
eight passengers. Among the number was a clear-eyed German 
boy whose name was Philip Ott, from whom James Cornelius 
Otts is in a direct line descended. 

This lad came of sturdy stock and traveled in "goodly com- 
pany," for most of his fellow passengers were seekers after 
religious freedom. Others from the Palatinate founded the 
picturesque town of Orangeburgh, in 1735, on the northeast side 
of the Edisto River, about seventy-nine miles from Charleston, 
South Carolina. It was here that Reverend John Gissendanner, 
pastor of the first Oraugeburgh church, kept for twenty-two 
years the parish records that were to prove so valuable in later 
Years. 

u 

One branch of the Ott family is descended from Nicholas 

f 

Ott, Avho came to Pennsylvania before the Revolution "and during 
the struggle for independence was in active service." Frederick 
M. Ott, a lawyer of Dauphin County bar, is the representative 
of this family at the present time. 

Doctor Isaac Ott was a prominent physician in Northampton 
County, Pennsylvania. He was born in 1847, and after graduat- 
ing with honors at college, studied medicine at the University 
of Pennsylvania, later going to Germany and London to make 
further research. In 1878 he organized a physiological labora- 
tory in the University of Pennsylvania, and lectured for years on 
experimental physiology. He was made a Fellow in Biology at 
Johns Hopkins University in 1878. He has published a number 
of medical works and made important discoveries in connection 
with nervous diseases and fevers. 

[106] 



JAMES CORNELIUS OTTS 109 

Philip Ott, the ancestor of James C. Otts, landed in Philadel- 
phia in 1732, and after a few years residence in Pennsylvania, 
moved to South Carolina, where he married a Miss Caldwell, the 
aunt of John C. Calhoun, the famous South Carolina statesman. 
A staunch Presbyterian was Philip Ott, as were all the older 
generations of the Otts family. In 1765 he was a ruling elder in 
Old Nazareth Church, then newly built and located in what was 
later the Keidsville section of Spartansburg District in South 
Carolina. Philip had three sons, Martin, Philip, and Kobert. 
Martin wedded a Miss Goodgion (also spelled Guion), a member 
of a pioneer French family (whose father was a tailor and made 
uniforms for the continental army). They named their son 
Kobert Goodgion Otts and he was the grandfather of James C. 
Otts. He was a school teacher in Union District, South Carolina, 
as well as a County surveyor and magistrate. His wife was 
Nancy Becknell, a granddaughter of Major Brandon of the 
Spartan Regiment of the Revolutionary forces and an elder in 
the Presbyterian Church. Robert and Nancy had two sons, John 
Martin Philip, and James Dabney. Both sons attended Davidson 
College but James left the classroom to join the Army of Vir- 
ginia. John, after graduating from college in 1860, entered the 
ministry of the Presbyterian Church, and became well known as 
a clergyman and an author of books of travel, gleanings from his 
own extensive journeyings. He was for many years pastor of the 
Wanamaker (Bethany) Church in Philadelphia and his death 
occurred in Greensboro, Alabama, in 1901. A brief account of his 
life is to be found in "The Cyclopedia of American Biography." 

The James Dabnev Otts who left his studies to serve his 

tj 

State in the Confederate Army was the father of James Cornelius 
Otts. He married Ellen Gault, daughter of Reverend James 
Gault, a local Methodist minister in Union District, South Caro- 
lina, and granddaughter of Robert Gault who came from Ireland 
in his boyhood, served as a drummer boy in the Revolutionary 
War, and was captured by the British at Camden. The name 
Gault, Gait or Galte, is one also frequently found in the records, 
both in America and in the old country. Among the landed 
gentry in Ireland is found the name "Gait of Ballysally." This 
family lived for many generations in the County of Londonderry, 
and one member of it, John Gait, born in 1621, was Mayor of 
Colevaine. His two great grandsons were Robert and Charles. 
John Gait (1779-1839) was a famous writer, living in Irwine in 
Ayrshire. His father commanded a West-Indiaman, and his 
mother was a woman of great beauty and strength of character. 

William Gault sailed on the Mary Ann from Yarmouth, in 
1637. He was recorded as "desirous to passe to New England 
and there to remain." His daughter Mehitable married John 
Easton, one of the early governors of Rhode Island. 



110 JAMES CORNELIUS OTTS 

lu early 2sew Hampshire records, is found the name of John 
Gault of Bedford, who served in the Revolutionary War, and of 
Samuel Gault, a prominent citizen of Pembroke. The latter had 
nine children, one of whom, A. J. Gault, became an author and 
editor. 

Joseph Gault, who was a brother of Reverend James Gault, 
was born in Union District, South Carolina, in 1794. He served 
in the War of 1812 and removed to Georgia in 1820. There he 
became a lawyer and is best known as the author of "Gault's 
Justice's Reports," claimed by himself to be authentic records, 
but classed by some of his contemporaries as "burlesques on Jus- 
tices of the Peace." 

In later years the name of Gault has become prominent in 
educational circles in the United States, through the achieve- 
ments of Franklin Benjamin Gault, a well-known Western school 
Superintendent and college President, and a member of the lead- 
ing learned societies of the country. 

The Reverend James Gault, the youngest of eleven sons of 
Robert Gault and Mary McWhirter of Virginia, was born in 1810. 
He married Miss Susan Hames, the daughter of Mark Hames, 
who was connected by marriage with the Pages of Tidewater, 
Virginia. 

The Methodist ministers in South Carolina in the middle of 
the nineteenth century were men of piety and courage, and Mr. 
Ott's grandfather was notable among these. His daughter, Mr. 
Ott's mother, inherited his sterling qualities to a marked degree. 
She had need of them, for her husband, James Dabney Otts, 
suffered continual ill-health, due to the consumptive tendencies 
that were the aftermath of the hardships he had undergone dur- 
ing the Civil War. He taught school, however, for several years 
but finally succumbed to the ravages of his long illness, dying in 
Florida in 1875, and leaving an impoverished widow and three 
young sons. One of these was James Cornelius Otts born in 
Union County, June 27, 1869. 

At the time of his death, the South had just passed through 
its darkest tragedy. Depleted by war, and with the hordes of an 
uncivilized, unrestrained negro population roaming the land and 
devouring its substance like a swarm of locusts, it was with diffi- 
culty that the Southern States furnished livelihood to the white 
man and his family. With undaunted courage and firmness this 
sorely-stricken widow went about her task, determined to wrest 
from life the best for herself and her little ones. Truly she was 
"The valiant woman" of the Scriptures. 

Upheld by the blood of undaunted pioneers and revolution- 
ary heroes flowing in her veins, Ellen Gault Otts moved to a small 
farm owned by her father and situated in Union County, South 
Carolina. Here she and her sister, by frugality and industry, 



JAMES CORNELIUS OTTS 111 

gained a living for the family. On their small farm of less than 
one hundred acres, the ambitious boy, James Cornelius Otts, 
spent his childhood, youth and early manhood. At first a com- 
mon school education was all that was within his reach, and this 
was attained with much difficulty, as he was compelled to labor 
on the farm a considerable part of the time, in order to help in 
the support of himself, his mother and younger brothers. His 
mother's never-failing courage, however, coupled with stories of 
heroic ancestors who had fought the savage beasts of the forest, 
the Indians and the British soldiers, to make a home for liberty 
in a new world, was his inspiration. This small boy of eight is 
found pluckily making his first money picking cotton, two hun- 
dred pounds, for a neighbor and, when only eleven years of age, 
taking the place of a man at the plough. These were years of hard 
work and diligent study, for like many famous men of history, 
he "burned the midnight oil/ 7 and stored his brain with useful 
knowledge. He early learned that "knowledge is power," and a 
stepping-stone to high position. It was his dream to study law 
and enter the bar at twenty-one, but his plans were pursued with 
great difficulty, owing to his necessary labor on the farm. Until 
young James, who was the eldest of the three Otts boys, was 
eleven, the farm work was done by hired help, under the super- 
intendence of Mrs. Otts and her sister, but after that time, he did 
all the ploughing himself, never missing or neglecting his duty. 
When in his eighteenth year, he worked one summer making a 
kiln of brick, hoping to use the money thus acquired, for a year's 
tuition at college. Family necessities, however, made the expen- 
diture of the money in this way impracticable. This dream of a 
college education was never realized but he persisted in his youth- 
ful determination to be a lawyer, and faithful home study, some- 
times alone, and sometimes under the direction of Colonel I. G. 
McKissick and William Munroe, Esquires, of Union, South Caro- 
lina, supplied the lack of university training. He is an ardent 
advocate of higher education and is now assisting more than one 
orphan boy through college. While he has done much to make up 
for his early inability to obtain a collegiate education, his advice 
to every boy who aspires to the legal profession is to go to college. 
However, only those who know him intimately are aware of his 
youthful handicap as to education. 

Year after year this patient boy tilled the soil and snatched 
moments as he could for his books. Ambitious, and with a recep- 
tive, eager mind, he ever studied with a purpose. 

His merit was so fully recognized that, while living on the 
farm in 1894, he was elected to the legislature, from Union 
County, serving in the session of 1894 and then again in 1896. 
Mr. Otts was elected a delegate from Union County to the Con- 
stitutional Convention in 1895, and was the youngest member of 



112 JAMES CORNELIUS OTTS 

that body. In 1894, being then twenty-five years of age, he mar- 
ried Miss Sibbie Spears, the daughter of William Spears of 
Union, South Carolina. Unfortunately, Mr. Otts is the last of 
his line, as no children have blessed this union to perpetuate his 
name and his splendid character. 

In 1896 Mr. Otts was admitted to the bar in South Carolina. 
After one year of law practice in Union, with his partner, Mr. 
J. C. Wallace, Mr. Otts moved to Gaffney, South Carolina, the 
seat of the new County of Cherokee. The partnership of Wallace 
and Otts still continued and for three years longer the former 
was the resident member of the firm at Union, and the latter at 
Gaffney. In the year 1900 this partnership was dissolved and 
Mr. Otts practiced alone for nine years, forming in 1909 a new 
partnership with Mr. K. A. Dobson, which continued until Mr. 
Otts moved to Spartanburg. During his residence in Gaffney, 
Mr. Otts lost his mother. With her death in 1902 there passed 
out of his life one who had been his inspiration for many years, 
and from whom he inherited the indomitable will that has con- 
tributed so largely to his success. He says of his mother: "She 
was a woman of unusual intelligence, force of character and 
business ability." 

While practicing law at Gaffney, Mr. Otts was employed by 
the Actors' Society of America to assist the State in the prose- 
cution of a celebrated murder case. This case went up to the 
Supreme Court, and is reported in Column 72, South Carolina 
Reports. His argument before the jury in this case attracted 
much attention, and marked him as a lawyer of pronounced 
ability. In 1904 he was a legislator from Cherokee County, and 
from 1906 to 1909 served in the State Senate. Governor Ansel, 
recognizing his superior legal ability, appointed him solicitor 
for the Seventh Judicial Circuit to succeed Judge Thomas S. 
Sease, who was elected Circuit Judge immediately after begin- 
ning his last term of four years as solicitor. While holding this 
office Mr. Otts prosecuted many noted cases which were so faith- 
fully handled by him that the decisions he secured were almost 
invariably sustained in appeal to a higher court. 

Mr. Otts has written considerably on political and legal sub- 
jects. He has always stood for the highest ideals of his profes- 
sion and has unflinchingly discharged all its duties and obliga- 
tions even when such action necessitated the initiation of disbar- 
ment proceedings. It has always been his desire to be known as 
a lawyer. The political offices he has held are but incidents in 
his career, his life work is the law. His first years of practice 
marked the hard struggles of the young lawyer. His success 
came slowly but surely. His youthful habit of serious reading 
has remained with him through all the changes of his life, and 
now history and biography claim such time as he can spare from 



JAMES CORNELIUS OTTS 113 

his legal duties. His collection of legal books forms one of the 
most extensive and valuable private law libraries in the State. 

Being of a genial and social disposition, Mr. Otts has joined 
a number of organizations, in all of which he is a valued member, 
both because of his professional ability and his personal worth. 
He is affiliated with the South Carolina Bar Association ; the 
American Bar Association ; the Commercial Law League of 
America ; the Woodmen of the World ; and the Knights of 
Pythias, being past Chancellor of Spartan Lodge, and a member 
of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina. He was Captain of Com- 
pany "M" of the South Carolina National Guard in Union County 
for six years, from 1890 to 1896, and later Captain of Company 
"H" of the South Carolina National Guard at Gaffney, South 
Carolina, which command he resigned in 1905. Mr. Otts assisted 
in organizing the Gaffney Building and Loan Association and the 
Globe Cotton Mills, in both of which corporations he is a Di- 
rector, although he takes no active part in their management, 
except in his capacity as attorney. 

He is connected with the Methodist Church South, serving 
as steward in his home church. 

Mr. Otts takes a broad view of the questions of the day. 
According to his own statement, he is a believer in national pro- 
hibition, free trade, compulsory education, compulsory trade 
school, the short ballot, compulsory arbitration of labor disputes, 
woman suffrage and simplified procedure in the courts. His 
early struggles and disappointments have not embittered him 
nor caused him to indulge in vain regrets, but have made of him 
a man, tactful, sympathetic, regardful of the rights of others and 
tolerant of their opinions. A writer to the Union Times in May, 
1912, says of Mr. Otts : 

"He is a man of strong and positive character, and will make 
his mark anywhere. As a boy, he was full of promise; we all so 
regard him ; none of us are surprised at his success." 

As he stands now, it is a far cry from Cornelius Otts to the 
barefoot boy who picked cotton, hoed corn, and followed the 
plough on his mother's farm, but that sturdy little lad of set 
purpose was father to the man. 

"Our deeds travel with us from afar; 
What we have been, makes us what we are." 

The Otts family is a very ancient one of the Bohemian Nobil- 
ity. They were knights in 1534 and evidently left Bohemia on 
account of the religious upheavals of the sixteenth century. 

Authentic records give the names of George Ott, isen (son 
of) Los of Alt--Hutten; John Ott of Nisbnrg, 1538; Christof of 
Nisburg; Ydenko and Albrecht of Nisburg, 1002; Adam of Alt 



JAMKS C( M:\KI.I US OTTS 

Hutten; George and Henry of Xislmrg; .'Jaraslar and Zdenko II 
of Hlazouis. 

A celebrated warrior of the race was Michael Ott von Effer- 
denger, born near Stuttgart, Wurttemberg, in U7!. He was a 
-ion of the Tyrolese nobility. He served under the Emperor 
Maximilian who, in 1503, made him Chief of Ordnance. His 
bravery and genius for military strategy were pronounced and 
rendered him famous throughout Europe. Histories of the time 
teem with his exploits during twenty-nine years until his death 
in in:*.'. 

Perhaps the most distinguished of the name was Baron Karl 
Ott von Baterdreg, born in 1737 at Grau. To recite his career 
would be to write the history of the wars of the latter half of the 
eighteenth century, for he was the foremost of the German Gen- 
erals in all that goes to make up the undaunted, intrepid leader, 
ever ready to sacrifice self, ever alert to save his troops. At the 
battle of Noir, he commanded the left wing of Kray's division. 
He inspired his men, tortured and exhausted by the heat, by his 
heroic example, making more successful attacks upon the enemy. 
Kray in the turmoil of battle, exclaimed: "I cannot think of 
terms or words eloquent or strong enough to express my surprise 
and gratitude, or to do justice to the two exceptionally daring 
and able commanders, Field Marshals, Lieutenants, the Duke of 
Belgrade and Baron Ott." 

Ott was decorated with the military order of Maria Teresa 

y 

in 1799. Dying in 1809 at Ofen, he did not see the downfall of 
Napoleon. 

John Henry Ott, born in 1617 in the Canton Zurich, was a 
noted Swiss divine. He studied at Lausanne, Genoa, Grouning- 
hen, and Leyden. His son, John Baptist Ott, born 1661, also be- 
came a minister. He held important professorships, was arch- 
deacon of the Cathedral at Zurich, and w^rote in Latin and 
German. 

His brother, John Henry Ott, w r as librarian to Archbishop 
Wake at Lambeth, England, also held the rectory at Black- 
manston, Kent, in 1721, and in 1730 was a prebend of Peter- 
borough. 

John K. Ott was a noted landscape painter born 1708, whose 
father was one of the privy counsellors of the Emperor. 

John Henry Ott, born 1744, received the degree of Doctor of 
Philosophy in 1762 and was a Bachelor of Theology in 1765; 
Doctor of Law 1772 ; prebend of St. Stephen's and member of the 
ecclesiastical council in 1801. He died in possession of three 
clerical benefices. 

Whether in church or state, on the field of battle, or in civil 
pursuits, the Otts of the old world have left distinguished names 



JAMES CORNELIUS OTTS 115 

as legacies to their descendants, many of whom are in the ranks 
of the brave and loyal "Makers of America." 

Christopher Ott in 1612 joined the Jesuit order in his six- 
teenth year. (This no doubt was the "Christof" of Msburg.) He 
later became a priest, was a noted scholar and a beloved spiritual 
director. He was a brilliant writer. Among his works are: 
"Eminent Converts to the Catholic Church/ 7 and "Roma Glori- 
osa," embracing the times of two hundred and forty-nine Popes. 



JAMES PARKER 

BKFOKIC the days of the Conqueror or. to he move explicit, 
in tlie year 1)01, there was a family of the name of Parker 
settle'! at Boxley, on the Eastern coast of England. The 
head of this family was one Geoffrey Parker, whose prin- 
cipal occupation was to see that the palings enclosing the seig- 
neurial grounds were* kept in excellent condition lest they rot 
and allow the deer to break through. As the name implies, it 
was at first borne by "'keepers of the park." In the old days this 
was a very responsible office and one which entailed constant 
vigilance upon him whose chief duty it was to superintend the 
care of the grounds in order that the game might be preserved. 
As the chase was a popular and principal form of sport at that 
time a plentiful supply of game was important. The name of 
Parker is also represented among the Danes, and Normans. 
Johannes C. Parker kept the Koyal Parks under William I. The 
name is spelled variously in different countries, and even in dif- 
ferent sections of the same country : Parke, Parkre, Pare-here, 
Parchour, and Parkerre. 

General usefulness, good social standing and spiritual prog- 
ress have been the chief characteristics of this ancient family. 

, 

An examination of the marriage registers of England shows that 
there was much intermarrying in the Parker families. They 
very soon were found in all parts of England, and some even went 
to Scotland and Ireland. There were Parkers of Macelenfield, 
Melford Hall, North Malton, County Devon, and the Baronies 
had been held in abeyance since the time of Edward II. The Earl 
of Macelenfield married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Clement Smith, 
chief Baron of the Exchequer. Their son John married Frances, 
daughter of Jeromy Mayhew, Esq. of Boriugdou. They had three 
sons, one named Edmund. 

Among the earliest Parkers who came direct to this country 
were: Charles Parker, sent from Dorchester, 1635; Daniel Parker, 
who is mentioned as having had a wealthy wife and many serv- 
ants, 1635; Nathaniel, Thomas and Joseph, who came to New 
England, and Nicholas, Robert and Thomas, who came to Vir- 
ginia. 

The early seventeenth century was a troublous time in Eng- 
land and there were many uprisings during the reigns of the 
Stuart Kings, James I and Charles I, and during the time of the 
protectorate. The Parkers had their share in the military actions 

[116] 



JAMES PARKER 119 

at Hopton Heath, Marston Moor, Naseby and Worcester. Many 
were taken prisoners and suffered for their loyalty to the king. 
It was not an uncommon thing in those days for political pris- 
oners to be banished to foreign possessions by those in authority, 
in an effort to keep peace at home. Thus, the Bermudas and 
Barbacloes colonies far away became the home of many English 
planters, Negro slaves first mentioned in 1617, Indian slaves 
shipped from Massachusetts in 1652, and white bond-servants. 
The last were in some cases Scotch and Irish political prisoners. 

One William Parker, a rebel, was sent to the Barbadoes from 
Somersetshire in 1623. When the Governor of the Barbadoes, 
Sir John Yeamans, left the Islands for the Carolinas, he took 
with him fifty families; among them one by the name of Parker. 
This was in 1671. Ten years later the colony moved to Oyster 
Point, at the Junction of the Ashley and the Cooper Rivers, where 
the city of Charleston was founded. Here in 1725, mention is 
made of a James Parker; later a John Parker was born in 
Charleston in 1719, who may have been the sou of James; later 
still in 1768, was born Joseph Parker, who may have been the 
sou of John. As the James Parker of the present sketch was the 
grandson of a Joseph who went from South to North Carolina, 
it might be that he was descended in this line; though whether 
it was from the New England emigrant or the Barbadoes family 
is not certain. 

The Joseph who came to this country owned an estate in 
Ramsay, eight miles from Southampton. As the naming of chil- 
dren in honor of their parents and grandparents was even more 
universal in those days than now, it seems reasonable to suppose 
that the Joseph in South Carolina may have been a direct descend- 
ant of the emigrant from Ramsay. 

The names of many of the Parkers are recorded in the pages 
of English history. They are to be found in the reigns of Henry 
III, Edward I, Richard II, Henry IV, and Henry VII. Among 
the first rulers of the English Church is the name of Sir Matthew 
Parker, who was the second Protestant Archbishop of Canter- 
burv, the successor of Cranmer. 

t/ 7 

John Parker, born in Charleston in 1749, and educated 
abroad, graduated at Middle Temple, London, in 1775, and on his 
return to South Carolina, acquired an extensive law practice and 
gave much of his valuable time to the service of his State and 
country. In 1776 he married Susannah, daughter of Henry and 
Mary (Williams) Middleton, of South Carolina, and sister of 
Arthur Middleton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. 
In this day of hurry and confusion many persons believe that 
there are more industry and energy displayed than in the days 
of their forefathers. This is seemingly true, for it is indeed an 
age of marvelous inventions and enormous accomplishment; yet 



120 JAMES PARKER 

these persons fail to realize the immense difficulty of the task 
faced by the men of early days in America. The truth is that 
what they were able to accomplish without the help of modern 
facilities, was indeed a wonderful work. 

In addition to Mr. Parker's large law practice, he found 
time to devote to the interest of his rice plantation which proved 
not only a source of revenue, but also of pleasure to himself and 
family. He also served his people in the Continental Congress, 
1786-1788. He died on his plantation in 1822. 

In 1715 a general Indian conspiracy was formed in Virginia 
and the Carolinas to exterminate the white people, and all the 
tribes from St. Mary back to the mountains had united for this 
purpose. The Creeks, Yaniasses and Appalachians had joined the 
Cherokees, Catawbas and others who were determined to avenge 
their misfortunes of 1712-1713, when they had been robbed of 
their lands and slaughtered by the white people. It must be 
acknowledged that the Indians had, both then and later, some 
reason for their bitter and hostile attitude. They were imposed 
on from the very first, their lands stolen and their people deceived. 
The unfair treatment accorded them is one of the few blots on 
the pages of American history. It was probably during this raid 
that a Parker child was carried away by the Indians. She be- 
came the bride of a Comanche warrior and had a son, Quannah 
Parker. Friends found her after the birth of Quannah and took 
her home, where she grieved for her son and finally died of a 
broken heart because she was not allowed to return to him. 

Quannah Parker after his father's death became Chief of the 
Comanches and ruled with great wisdom and foresight, bringing 
peace and prosperity to his tribe in Texas. Four of his children 
are now ^students at the Carlisle Indian School. 

Joseph Parker, born in 1768, moved to Gates County, North 
Carolina, where he died in 1820. He was survived by his wife, 
Rhoda Harrell, and two sons: David and James. 

David was a prominent farmer in Gates County, North Caro- 
lina, and married Sarah Gregory Hinton, a woman of excellent 
qualities. Their son James Parker, whose name appears at the 
head of this sketch, was born January 29, 1836. He attended the 
University of North Carolina, from which institute he was grad- 
uated in 1861. In 1876 he married Miss Lavinia Louise Whedbee 
of Gates County, daughter of Joshua Skinner and Diana Hinton 
Whedbee. Their children are: Sallie, Hulda, Jimmie Louise and 
Ethel. 

Sallie married Mr. Peter Cross and they have four children : 
James Parker, Cathryn, Mildred and Dorothy. Hulda married 
Mr. Thomas Gatling Hayes. 

From 1885 to 1889 Mr. Parker represented his State in the 
Legislature. His death occurred in February, 1908. The follow- 



JAMES PAl: _.,-T 121 

ing appreciation is taken from a North Carolina paper and is 
produced here as a fitting tribute to his memory: 

"With the passing away of James Parker, the last representa- 
tive in this immediate section of a race that has for generations, 
by its rugged strength and individuality, impressed itself upon 
the memories of all, was laid with his fathers in the old family 
burying ground near Gatesville. 

"He was the last survivor of three brothers : Doctor Joseph 
Parker, of Kaleigh, and John D. Parker of Perquimans, having 
died some years ago. 

"His Alma Mater, the University of North Carolina, was as 
dear to him in his declining years as when first he left in 1861. 
Among his classmates were Charles Stedman and the late Thomas 
G. Skinner of Hartford. The friendship of these three began in 
College ; ripened with the passing years, to be crowded at last in 
the clay of immortal reckoning when true friends will be known 
to have true hearts. 

"He had for years been a Trustee of the University, and until 
a few years before his death had attended all the meetings of the 
Board and the Commencements. 

"Associated with enterprise all over the Albernarle section, 
he was probably the best known citizen of Gates County among 
the business men of the section. He was regarded as a man of 
sterling business integrity and of character that could be de- 
pended upon, and wherever he was known his name was con- 
sidered a guarantee of good faith. 

"He was especially alive with commercial activities in and 
around Elizabeth City, where he was a stockholder in all three 
banks. He was also a Director in the Bank of Gates ; an institu- 
tion in which he took especial and active interest. He had been 
a Mason for twenty years, a member of Gatesville lodge, in which 
he held the offices of Senior Deacon, Junior and Senior Warden, 
and the loyalty which characterized his life was exemplified in 
his attachment to his order. 

"But the trait that most of all showed the spirit of the man 
was his unfailing generosity. The churches, irrespective of de- 
nomination, were beneficiaries of his good will. 

"Reputed to be the wealthiest man in the county, he closed 
not his ears to the cries of the poor, but was their friend in every 
time of need. 

"Few knew of the deeds of kindness passed on to the helpless 
without his gates, but there are many among the importunate 
negroes, who realized that their best earthly friend has passed 
beyond their vision. 

"Born of the blood that knew no weakness, no defeat, he was 
true to his ancestry. Taking a stand when necessary, he was 
never untrue to his word, his friends or his convictions, and the 



JAMES PARKER 

of achievement was always before his eyes. Though getting 
advanced in years, he laid not aside the burdens of business to 
await quietly, perhaps for years, the coming of the day when lie 
should be ushered into immortality; but chose, rather, by his own 
hands and by his own direction to push vigorously to the last the 
work in which he was interested. 

"And when the summons came, he approached the grave 
'like one who wraps the drapery of his couch about him and lies 
down to pleasant dreams,' as a child trusting in the love of its 
father, believing that he understands and doeth all things well." 

Among the prominent Parkers of recent years on this side of 
the Atlantic several may be mentioned. 

Sir Gilbert Parker, Canadian novelist, who married an 
American and has divided his time among England, Australia, 
Canada and the United States. 

Colonel David B. Parker, U. S. V., a Chautauqua boy in 1861 
and afterward, has written his Memoirs of the Civil War and of 
his experiences with Grant, Lincoln, Arthur, Johnson, Greeley, 
the Cushiugs and others. 

James Parker, formerly Lieutenant-Commander of the 
United States Navy, Counsellor-at-Law of the Supreme Court of 
the United States, and of the highest courts of Ohio, New Jersey 
and New York, was one of the Counsel for Rear Admiral Schley 
before the Court of Enquiry in 1903 the facts and reports of 
which he has fully set forth in his book entitled "Schley, Samson 
and Cervera." 

The Reverend Edward L. Parker of New Hampshire, who 
wrote an interesting History of Londonderry, was pastor of the 
Presbyterian Church in East Londonderry for years. 

Bishop Meade in his "Old Churches and Families of Vir- 
ginia," mentions a Parker in nearly every County, from the latter 
part of the seventeenth century down, either vestryman or 
clergyman. Man} 7 of them suffered great hardships in the faith- 
ful discharge of their duty. Not only, however, is the family 
noted for its ministers, but it may justly claim statesmen, jurists, 
doctors, educators, authors, naval officers, soldiers, musicians, 
landscape painters and agriculturists. 

Some speak sneeringly of the futility of tracing a long family 
line, yet it is perfectly evident that men are the embodiment of 
the mental and physical characteristics of their forbears. It 
means much consequently, to be descended from men of moral 
and mental worth. 

James Parker has left no son to bear his name, but his 
daughters are proud to call him father and hope to see exempli- 
fied in their children the fine and admirable traits of character 
which so distinguished him in life. 



WILLIAM RISH LOWMAN 

E3KING out upon the moving pictures of the German 
pioneers as they spread gradually over the vast terri- 
tory of the New World, we are irresistibly reminded of 
their ancestors in the far off days of the Volkerwan- 
derung. In the eighteenth century, as in the fourteenth century, 
the German colonists entered the unbroken wilderness, clearing 
first the lands in the valleys and along the river courses, then 
climbing the mountains/' to other realms of industry. 

Prior to 1735 Orangeburg County, South Carolina, had but 
few white inhabitants. A Swiss gentleman, Peter Purry, had 
established a settlement on the north side of the Savannah River, 
calling it Purrysville. By his glowing account of the country, 
which he had printed and distributed throughout Switzerland, 
Holland, North Germany and the provinces along the Rhine he 
induced many settlers to come to Carolina. Most of these immi- 
grants came from the Palatinate, the history of which has always 
been most interesting. These Germans, according to Kuhns were 
among the best farmers in the world, in many districts having 
cultivated the soil for more than thirty generations. Because of 
their situation upon the great water highway of Europe, they 
are said to have combined the best qualities of the North and of 
the South, and were distinguished by indomitable industry, keen 
wit, independence, and a high degree of intelligence. 

The terrible conditions arising from the religious wars dealt 
a deadly blow to the happiness and prosperity of the Palatinates. 
Poverty and their sufferings from tyranny and intolerance turned 
their thoughts towards the New World where they were told 
freedom might be found, and where they might expect to be able 
to practice their religion without dread of extermination, while 
securing an abundant livelihood by tilling its virgin soil. 

The people went in great numbers first to England, spread 
into Ireland, and eventually emigrated to America ; New York, 
Pennsylvania and the Carolinas received them in great numbers. 
Some of them sailed directly from Rotterdam to Cowes and thence 
to this country. No reliable account has been kept of the Pala- 
tinates here, at least of those in South Carolina, but had De 
Graffenreid remained with them and carried out his contract, 
their identity would have been as well preserved as it is in New 
York and Pennsylvania, for they are the same people. Rush says, 
that many of these gentlemen lost valuable estates, because they 

[125] 



126 WILLIAM RISK LOWMAN 

were unacquainted with the common laws. We learn from De 
Graffenreid that they were so thrifty that within eighteen 
months they managed to build homes and make themselves com- 
fortable. From 1727 to 1734 all these immigrants were classed 
as Palatines and Switzers, but afterwards they were simply 
called foreigners. Many Pennsylvania Germans made their way 
along the Shenandoah Valley, and settled Frederick, Rockingham, 
and other Counties of Virginia. Among these, were three 
brothers, Isaiah, Michael and David Lohman, who settled in Vir- 
ginia in 1770. In the old country the name was spelled Lehmann, 
meaning "one under feudal tenure." Some of these Virginia 
settlers pushed farther on into the Carolinas, among whom was 
David, Doctor Lowman's great-great-grandfather. The names of 
the early settlers before the Revolution were sometimes changed 
almost imperceptibly by erroneous entries in the records and, in 
the case of non-English names, because of their foreign sound, 
these errors were very frequent. Thus from the old German 
Lehmann, evolved Lehman, Lohman and Lownian, as used by the 
South Carolinians. 

This familv from the vallev of the Rhine, settled in the vallev 

*j * 

of the Shenandoah, where they found a most delightful climate 
and a rich virgin soil, which gave them an abundance of all that 
reasonable men could desire, in return for their labor. Thev 

/ */ 

possessed health and contentment, and tranquility of mind was 
their normal state. Nor did they feel that they were strangers 
in a foreign land, for within visiting distance were many of their 
old world neighbors in whose company they had crossed the 
ocean. 

David's sou, Malachias Lohman, came from Virginia to the 
Dutch Fork, South Carolina, in 1814. 

Daniel Lohman, father of Doctor Jacob Walter Lohman, 
married Nancy Hiller, whose family was from Saxe Gotha, where 
they had settled in 1735. Their son, Jacob Walter, a slender, deli- 
cate boy, grew up in the family home under the loving care of his 
devoted, pious parents, who reared him in the Lutheran faith. 
Not being able to join to any great extent in outdoor life and 
vigorous sports and in the strenuous work, which even the chil- 
dren of that day, were accustomed to perform, he devoted most of 
his time to reading and study. His parents encouraged him to 
prepare for a professional life, and, as during his childhood and 
youth he had displayed an extraordinary desire to alleviate pain 
and suffering, it was decided that he should study medicine and 
become a physician. 

In 1858 Doctor Lohman was graduated from the University 
of Georgia. Between the sessions of College he taught school in 
order to help defray his expenses, and after leaving the university 
he again resumed his teaching, before taking up the practice of 
his profession. 



WILLIAM RISH LOWMAN 127 

In the Civil War Doctor Lohnian took up arms in defense of 
his State and served as Lieutenant of Captain Henry A. Meetze's 
Company, in the Confederate Army. In that terrible internecine 
strife, where so often brother was arrayed against brother, Web- 
ster B. Lohman, a descendant of Michael, was the Captain of 
Battery "D" of the Pennsylvania Artillery. 

Peace declared, Doctor Lohman and his friend, Major Meetze, 
were both elected from the same County to serve as members of 
the State Legislature in the reconstruction days, and their service 
continued until 1874. 

It was subsequent to this period that Doctor Lohman 
changed his residence to Orangeburg. He married Lodusky Rish, 
daughter of Levi and Mary Rish, descendants of Louis and Eliza- 
beth Reich, who arrived in South Carolina with the first German 
and Swiss colonists, and settled on the Edisto, in Orangeburg 
District. The spelling of this name has now become Rish. 

Elizabeth Abell Reich was, before her marriage, a member 
of the Abelsor Abeels, who were prominent in England in the 
eleventh and twelfth centuries. One of the family was Chaplain 
to Henry VIII, another was court musician in the reign of one of 
the Queens, and a third was a famous mathematician. Among 
the Abels who came to this country in colonial times was Robert, 
who was with Winthrop's fleet. He was a colonial Mayor of 
Albany, and won distinction in the Revolutionary War. 

Three Abel or Abeel brothers immigrated in 1750. One, Jona- 
than, settled in Connecticut and one in Virginia. The place of 
settlement of the third brother is unknown. Doctor Lohman's 
great-grandfather, Jonathan Abeel, came from Virginia to Xorth 
Carolina. 

William Rish, son of Doctor Jacob Walter Lowman, was 
born at Rish's Store, Sand Dam, Lexington County, South Caro- 
lina, December 3, 1866. 

Doctor Jacob Walter Lowman had endeared himself to the 
people of Orangeburg District, not only by his skill in fighting 
disease, but by his genuine and generous sympathy, in trouble 
and sickness. Thinking no science of such eminent importance 
as that of medicine, and seeing in his father's ministrations so 
wonderful an example of its power to bring joy, health and com- 
fort to suffering humanity, it is easy to see why William Rish 
should choose the same profession for his life's work. His career 
is briefly traced in the "Physicians and Surgeons of America," 
from which the following excerpt is taken : 

"Dr. Lowman was graduated from Johnstown Academy in 
1881, from Mellichamps High School in 1886, and from Calvert 
Medical School, Baltimore, (now extinct) in 1887. He began the 
study of medicine with his father in 1884, attended two courses 
of lectures at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, 



128 WILLIAM RISH LOWMAN 

a ml was graduated with high honor March 1SSS. He took a post- 
graduate course in general surgery at the New York Polyclinic 
in 1891, and in diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat at the 
New York Post Graduate Medical School and Hospital during the 



same year.' 



Thoroughly equipped for his work, he commenced the prac- 
tice of medicine at Orangeburg, in April 1888. 

Doctor Lowman is a member of the State Medical Associa- 
tion of South Carolina, of the Societe de Medicin du Calvert, and 
was formerly a member of the State Board of Medical Exam- 

\j 

iners. He was Physician and Surgeon of Orangeburg County 
prison and almshouse 1889-1893; lecturer on physiology and 
hygiene at Mellichamps High School 1888-1890; member of 
Orangeburg County Board of Educational Examiners, 1889-1890. 
He was Secretary of the South Carolina Bible Society 1893, Presi- 
dent of the Orangeburg Y. M. C. A. in 1891, and also of the 
County Convention of the same year. 

The clubs and societies to which he belongs are: Censor 
Medico-Chirurgical College of Philadelphia; Surgeon of the At- 
lantic Coast Line since 1896 ; member of the South Carolina Med- 
ical Association ; of the Tri-State Medical Association Carolinas 
and Virginia ; of the American Medical Association ; of the 
Southern Medical Association ; of the Southern States Association 
of Railway Surgeons ; of the American Genetic Association ; of 
the National Historic Society; of the American Association Ex- 

*/ 

tension University Teachings; of the American Association for 
Advancement of Science; of the American Refugee Society (Euro- 
pean War) ; of the Woodmen of the World; of the Knights of 
Pythias; of the Medical Brotherhood (F. M.) Fraternitas Medi- 
corum ; of the American Association for International Concilia- 
tion; Fellow, Natural Science Association of America; Past- 
master Free and Accepted Masons ; Past High Priest Royal Arch 
Mason; Past Eminent Commander Knights Templar; Thrice 
Illustrious Master Council Mason ; Surgeon Omar Temple 
Ancient Arabic Order of the Mystic Shrine; General Representa- 
tive of the Grand Commandery of Pennsylvania to the Grand 
Commandery Knights Templar of South Carolina. 

Doctor Lowman is President of the Lowman Drug Company, 
of Orangeburg; Advisory Director Orangeburg Packing Com- 
pany and Director of the Edisto National Bank. He was ap- 
pointed member of the South Carolina Board of Medical Exam- 
iners for the Seventh District in 1894 and served until 1898 at 
which time he was elected Secretary. He was made member of 
the Board of Trustees of the C. N. I. A. and M. College of South 
Carolina in 1896 by the General Assembly of South Carolina at 

*> t/ 

the establishment of that College, and has been re-elected every 
six years since, holding his place as Secretary to the Board dur- 
ing all that time. 



WILLIAM RISK LOWMAN 129 

Dr. Lowinan is a deacon of the First Baptist Church at 
Orangeburg. He was married in Charleston, South Carolina, 
October 27, 1891, to Miss Elvira Earle, daughter of Judge Ben- 
jamin Pou Izlar and niece of General James F. Izlar of Orange- 
burg, South Carolina. Her parents were descended from Ger- 
man, Scotch and French Huguenot families. Izlar, originally 
Yssler, is mentioned in Salley's History, as also is Gavin Pou, 
justice of the peace 1765-1775 ; inquirer and collector of Orange- 
burgh 1758-1765. On a list of Supervisors of the buildings of the 
church in Orangeburg in 1768 is the name of Gavin Pou. It is 
thus found that the families of both Dr. Lowman and his wife 
were of the earliest settlers of the county. 

Considerable attention has been given to the investigation 
of maternal impressions by Dr. Lowman, and a very interesting 
paper on this subject written by him was published in the Medical 
Record of August 1890. He is also the author of "Diagnostic 
Dots," 1889; u Lusus Naturae," in the proceedings of the South 
Carolina Medical Association 1888 and in the Medical Brief and 
the Medical Summary of the same year. 

The record of the lives of worthy and intelligent men and 
women is an enjoyable book for all those interested in human 
development, and furnishes material for the history of the time. 
Doctor LoAvman fully appreciates this point of view, for his spare 
time is devoted to history, biography and sometimes historical 
novels. He is particularly interested in the achievements of his 
forebears, among whom is Colonel James Abel, Quartermaster on 
General Washington's staff. 

One celebrated Lehmann, grandson of the great portrait 
painter of Hamburg is a scion of the old family in Germany, and 
he married Mna Chambers, daughter of Kobert Chambers of 
Edinburg, musician and poet, friend of Dickens, Millais, Haw- 
thorne, Emerson and George Eliot. 

It mav not be irrelevant in this sketch to refer more fullv 

*> . 

to the history of the Ehine Palatinates, and the connection with 
the colonies of Great Britain. These people were among those 
most oppressed. The Palatinate formerly included the Upper 
Rhine, and the Lower Rhine Palatinates, and belonged to the 
German Empire. The capital of the Upper was Amberg. People 
governed by a vice-roy are always more or less oppressed at any 
time, but in the religious upheavals, the results of the Seven 
Years' War, and the terrible turmoil, when persecution and in- 
tolerance were holding sway, the life of these people became 
utterlv unbearable. In 1620 there was a change in the boundaries 

t/ fj 

of the Palatinates, and the upper portion of the Lower was at- 
tached to Bavaria. In 1777 they were reunited, but in 1801 
divided again. Bavaria retained the Upper and part of the 
Lower, west of the Rhine, while Baden-Hesse and Prussia divided 



130 WILLIAM RISH LOWMAX 

up the Lower. The name Palatinate derived from the Palatine 
Hill of Koine, carries with it royal privileges which were enjoyed 
to the fullest by the Counts Palatine. 

In addition to all their other woes, the winter of 1708 was 
one of extraordinary severity. Conrad Weiser, a boy of twelve 
years at that time, in his autobiography says: "Birds perished 
on the wing, beasts in their lairs, and mortals fell dead by the 
way." In 1709 the Palatinates began their flight, by way of Lon- 
don, in May. In June their number reached five thousand, in 
August ten thousand, and by October thirteen thousand had 
arrived. The "good Queen Anne," interested herself in alleviat- 
ing their sufferings. The most of them were utterly destitute 
and England fed them for months. They were housed in empty 
buildings and warehouses, and a thousand tents were furnished 
them. The Queen allowed each of them nine pence a day. London 
paupers were not very well pleased, and jealousy made them look 
askance upon them. As soon as arrangements could be made 
they were shipped to the New World. Their experiences at sea 
were very sad. Of one ship load of "three hundred and twelve and 
a half" (a child being numbered fractionally), two hundred and 
fifty died on the way. One hundred and sixty died in one ship ; 
one hundred and fifty in another. In 1745 a ship sailed with four 
hundred Germans, but onlv fifty reached their destination. 

/ t / 

It was Queen Anne, who established the Saxe Gotha District, 
intending it as a place of refuge for Germans and others perse- 
cuted because of their religion. This district, one hundred miles 
from Charleston, was settled later than Orangeburg, in 1737. 

Keverend Christian Theus, the first minister of the German 
Keformed Church, told the Governor of South Carolina that these 
colonists must have both churches and schools or they would 
remove to Pennsylvania where they would find more satisfactory 
conditions. The government gave five hundred pounds sterling 
in response to his request. 

A celebrated minister, Giessendanner labored among the 
colony for some ten years. In 1749 he visited London, and re- 
ceived Anglican orders, returned and with his whole flock became 
members of the English church. On the Sunday following, twenty- 
one more joined them. This may account for the Lutherans not 
being now so numerically strong as it might be presumed they 
would be. 



JOHN GORDON RENNIE 

H ENRICO COUNTY, Virginia, was founded in 1611, four 
years later than Jamestown and is the second oldest set- 
tlement in Virginia. Henricopolis, the City of Henry, so 
called in honor of King Henry, was its first designation, 
which by common usage was contracted to Henrico. 

The settlement was situated on the imperial hills overlook- 
ing the James River, at the head of tidewater and at the falls of 
that historic river. This settlement afterwards became the City 
of Richmond, built like Rome upon her seven hills. 

The original settlement contained about five thousand acres. 
Five miles north of Richmond running in an easterly direction 
is a stream called Brook Creek, which is a tributary of the 
Chickahominy, which latter is a tributary of the noble James. 
This is the country of Richard Dale, Rolfe, and Pocahontas. 
Brook Creek runs through a beautiful valley closed in by pictur- 
esque hills. 

It was on one of these bluffs on the north side of this valley 
that "Tweedside," the home of Joseph Richard Rennie, the father 
of John Gordon Rennie, was situated. Here the latter was born 
August 15, 1874. Doctor Rennie was proud to call this section 
of Virginia his birthplace; it is the place of romance, history 
and tragedy, for nearby is Yellow Tavern, where the noble Stuart 
fell in battle, and where many stirring incidents of the Civil War 
were enacted. 

The first fourteen years of Doctor Rennie's life were spent on 
his father's farm. Here the boy lived close to nature and learned 
many valuable lessons, which led to a healthy and normal devel- 
opment. The religious atmosphere of a Christian home, the train- 
ing and guidance of unusually wise and loving parents, the neces- 
sity of taking part at an early age in the work of the farm, all 
contributed to form a strong and useful character. Gifted with 
a naturally sweet and most affable manner, guided by the noblest 
impulses, in his maturity he was a man of wide and beneficent 
influence. 

He acquired his education in the public schools of the 
County and at the age of fourteen went to Richmond, where he 
worked for a short period. In the session of 1889-90 he attended 
the Southside Academy, situated in Chase City, Virginia, and 
lived in the home of his oldest brother, Joseph Rennie, who was 
then pastor of the Presbyterian Church at that place. He stayed 

[133] 



134 JOHN GORDON REXXIE 

but one year in this school, and on returning to Richmond, spent 
four years as clerk with one of the leading retail shoe firms of 
that city. In the fall of 1894 he entered Hoge Academy, at Black- 
stone, Virginia, where he gave two years to literary studies. 

In 189G he entered upon the preparation for his chosen pro- 
fession in the University College of Medicine, now the Medical 
College of Virginia. He graduated in 1899, receiving the degree 
of M.D. He chose Petersburg as his residence and commenced 
the practice of medicine as a stranger, in the most conservative 
city of the "Old Dominion." Many predicted for him a most dif- 
ficult career, because the physicians of Petersburg were largely 
native to the city, having influential family connections. These 
prophecies, however, did not prove true in Dr. Rennie's case. 

He was a gifted physician and surgeon, and soon built up a 
practice both large and lucrative, and in eight years he had 
become one of the busiest men in his profession in the State. 
He became a member of The American Medical Association, The 
Medical Society of Virginia, the Petersburg Medical Faculty, the 
Southern Medical Association, and Southside Virginia Medical 
Association. Few men ever won the confidence and love of his 
patients as did Dr. Rennie. Never did he enter a home to min- 
ister at the bedside of suffering, without leaving behind him the 
aroma of sweet Christian sympathy and an unbounded confidence 
in his skill. 

He was a Mason, belonging to Blauford Lodge, No. 3 and to 
Petersburg Royal Arcanum, Chapter No. 7 Appomattox Com- 
mandery. 

In early life he had made profession of his faith in Christ 
and joined the second Presbyterian Church, the church which 
his father had been chiefly instrumental in establishing. In 
Petersburg he joined the historic Tabb Street Presbyterian 
Church, in which he was elected a Deacon and served until his 
death. Intensely interested in the welfare of young men, he led 
the movement to build one of the handsomest and most complete 
Y. M. C. A. buildings in the State, which to-day remains a monu- 
ment to his zeal, faith and liberality. He rejoiced in helping 
those who were in need and found his greatest pleasure in giving 
and planning to help somebody to better things. 

Doctor Rennie was married in 1902, at St. Paul's Church in 
Petersburg, to Miss Louise Seiper Venable, daughter of William 
Latham Venable and Mary Lamar Patterson. In this marriage 
he allied himself with the Venable family of Virginia and the 
Patterson family of Cumberland, Maryland, both of which have 
been distinguished in their respective States for many genera- 
tions. This union was blest with four children, John Gordon 
Rennie, Jr., William Venable, Mary Lamar, and Seiper Rosalyn. 

The ancestrv of Doctor Rennie contains manv names and 



JOHN GORDON RENNIE 135 

family connections who have stood high in the life of Virginia 
and the British Isles. Joseph Richard Rennie, his father, was a 
man of unusual gifts, farmer for fifty years, a soldier for four, 
a Presbyterian minister for twenty-five years. 

Joseph Rennie, the grandfather of Doctor Rennie, a man of 
culture and influence, came to America in 1819, and settled near 
Richmond. He was born in Kelso, Scotland, in 1794, the home 
of the Rennies. From Scotland they have gone to manA T coun- 

t/ C7 t> 

tries, especially to Canada, New England, and to many of the 
other States. 

In England, Scotland and America the name Rennie is the 
synonym for strength and force of character. John Rennie was 
born at Haddington in 1761, was educated at Edinburgh Univer- 
sity and became the greatest bridge builder of his age. The 
Tweed River is crossed at Kelso, by a bridge of five arches con- 
structed by John Renuie in 1803. He also built many great struc- 
tures in England, among the most conspicuous of which are the 
AVaterloo, Southmark and London bridges, all crossing the 
Thames. 

Ernest Amelius Rennie, M. V. O., son of the late George 
Banks Rennie, educated at Eton and Oxford, entered the Diplo- 
matic service and has been of inestimable service in Sofia, Bucha- 
rest, Vienna, Santiago and Washington. 

Captain George Paget Rennie entered in the King's Royal 
Rifle Corps and is serving in South Africa. John George Rennie, 
D. S. V., educated at Cheltingham College, entered the Black 
Watch Ray Highlanders, becoming Captain, and serving in the 
Nile Expedition, also taking active part in the battle of Khar- 
toum. 

In 1847, George Rennie was Governor of the Falkland 
Islands. In 1872, W. H. Rennie was Governor of the Barbadoes. 
He was also Lieutenant-Governor of the Island of St. Vincent. 
George Rennie, an uncle of Dr. Rennie, laid down his life just a 
few miles out of Petersburg during the famous retreat of Gen. 
Robert E. Lee, to Appomattox. 

As physicians, preachers, surgeons, civil engineers, in diplo- 
matic service and as farmers they have served their God, in serv- 
ing their fellow men. 

Doctor Rennie's paternal grandmother was a Colenian, 
daughter of Major Samuel Coleman of Red Bank, near Rich- 
mond. Major Coleman was a soldier of the Revolution. He was 
left for dead on the battlefield, found and nursed back to life by 
a patriotic daughter of Virginia. The Governor of Virginia pre- 
sented him with a sword, for valiant service rendered the State 
in a serious uprising of a mob. This line of ancestry connects 
closely in direct line with the Woodsons, Pleasants/ Flemings, 
Storrs, and Tuckers of Virginia. 



136 JOHN GORDON RENNIE 

Doctor Rennie's mother was Ella Rosalyn Powell. Through 
her, he was connected with the Powells of Fredericksburg and 
Williamsburg. Captain William Powell came from England in 
1611 and was a member of the first House of Burgesses in 1619. 
This name stands well in the Virginia records. They are a large 
and influential family, claiming ministers, geologists, senators, 
soldiers, artists, teachers and musicians among this number. The 
noted painting in the Capitol at Washington, "DeSoto discover- 
ing the Mississippi" is the work of William Henry Powell. 
Lucien Powell of Washington and Loudon County, Virginia, is 
one of the foremost scenic artists of the present day. 

Through his mother Doctor Rennie is also descended from 
the Wells of Fredericksburg, Virginia. George Wells married 
Elizabeth Steptoe Butler in 1816, and they were the father and 
mother of Doctor Rennie's grandmother. The aunt of Elizabeth 
Steptoe, Jane Butler, was the first wife of Augustine Washington, 
the father of George Washington. 

Enough has been said to show that Doctor John Gordon 
Rennie had every reason to be proud of his lineage. He was no 
mean successor to the life and spirit of his family, and few men 
ever attain to wider usefulness and popularity. 

In the fullness of his manhood, from overwork, he was 
stricken down, and died at the age of forty -two years, March 31, 
1916, leaving an unstained record of character and service. His 
ashes rest in the old Blanford Cemetery, in historic Petersburg. 
As his body was lowered into the grave a friend remarked, "He 
gave his life for the people." 



FLETCHER BUCHANAN RICKS 

THE name, Kicks, is one of a large number of surnames 
which owe their existence to the Norman personal name, 
Richard, which first attained great popularity in the 
time of Richard Cceur de Lion, in whose honor the name 
was frequently bestowed. This personal name forms the founda- 
tion for many patronymics, such as Kichards, Richardson, and 
Rich, and from it, also, has developed the name of Ricks or Rix. 
Within a few generations after the advent in England of William 
the Conqueror, Ricks was in use as a family name. It has been 
variously spelled, Rickesis, Rickes, Rixe, Ricks and Rix. John 
Rickes, a Franciscan author of note, was living in England in 
the year 1520. Records of heraldic visitations disclose that a 
Ricks family lived at Crayford, in the County of Kent. 

About 1645, two brothers, Thomas and William Ricks, settled 
respectively, in Boston and Salem, Massachusetts. Tradition 
says that they were of the same stock as Isaac Ricks, who was 
born in England in 1638, and came to Virginia in young man- 
hood. He landed first at Jamestown, but the date of his arrival 
is not exactly known. He settled in Warrasguyeake, one of the 
eight counties into which Virginia was then divided, and which 
was later given the name of Isle of Wight County, then including 
the present Counties of Nansemond and Southampton. As the 
land and court records of these Counties were destroyed by fire 
many years ago, genealogical research depends largely upon the 
church and family Bible records. These Counties were settled 
mostly by Puritans and Quakers, whose records began in 16G3. 
Isaac Ricks was a member of the Quaker Church at Chuckatuck, 
situated on the Western branch of the Nansemond River, and a 
constant attendant of its services. Here in 1702, his sons Isaac 
and Abraham, erected a Quaker church, for which they were paid 
thirty- two thousand pounds of "Tobb" (tobacco). Isaac Ricks' 
wife bore the Christian name of Kathren, but her family name, 
and the place and date of her marriage are not known. Probably 
they were married in England, and some of their children may 
have been born there. Their children were : Isaac, born June 17, 
1669 ; William, born August 5, 1670 ; John, born October 30, 1672 ; 
Abraham, born October 10, 1674; Jacob, born January 17, 1677; 
Robert, born October 14, 1679; Benjamin, born November 17, 
1682; Kathren, 1683; Richard, born May 30, 1684; Jeane, June 
30, 1687, and James, January 17, 1690. 

[139] 



140 n.K'iviiKi: r.n-iiANAN KICKS 

The family name is often \vriiten as -Kickes'is" on these old 
records, ami appears in that form in the death notices of three 
sons of Isaac Kirks, namely: "Richard Kickesis," "William 
Kickesis," and "Jacob Kickesis." This notice is also found: 
"Isaac Kicks departed this life ye :',d day of the 1 1tli month IToL'." 
Naac's wife, K'atliren. died about 1717. The Kicks family pos- 
sessed an old "Hreeches IJible." in which entries are found con- 
C -"iiing the family of Isaac Kicks, and which passed out of the 
family about the year 177!) at a sale of household effects of Kich- 
ard Kicks, one of Isaac Kicks' descendants, and about a century 
later was recovered and is in the possession of Mr. Richard A. 
Kicks of Richmond, Virginia. 

The Quakers in Virginia, like other dissenters, were perse- 
cuted on account of their religion. For non-attendance of the 
services of the established church they were fined. Many of them 
were driven from the State and if they returned, were treated as 
felons. Perhaps it was for the sake of religious freedom, per- 
haps for other causes, that many of the Virginia Ricks family 
sought domicile in North Carolina. One of the earliest of the 
family in that State was Benjamin Ricks, who moved to Edge- 
combe County early in the eighteenth century. His Avill was exe- 
cuted in 1719, and probated November 20, 1721, in Edgecombe 
County. In this will he mentions Robert Ricks, Jr., son of his 
brother Robert Ricks, brother Isaac Ricks, brother Abraham 
Kicks, brother Robert Ricks, brother James Ricks, sister Jane 
Ricks, and Patience, daughter of brother Abraham Ricks, and 
William Brown, sou of Beal Brown. This will proves that he was 
the son of Isaac, Senior, because there was no such combination 
of names in any other family at the date when the will was made, 
and the fact that it was the first made in Edgecombe County 
shows conclusively that he was one of the first of the name in 

u 

North Carolina. 

Isaac Ricks, Jr., married Sarah McKiunie, whose father, 
Barnaby McKinnie, of Chowau County, conveyed by gift to his 
son-in-law, Isaac Ricks, under date of March 28, 1722, one hun- 
dred acres of land in Chaledona Woods, called Napin Work. 
The will of Isaac Ricks, Jr., was executed in Edgecombe County, 
March 11, 1748, and probated October 28, 1748. His children 
were William, born July 15, 1698 ; Isaac, born December 17, 1702 ; 
Jacob, born February 11, 1705; Benjamin, born about 1707; 
Robert, Richard, Abraham, Alice and Elizabeth. The four elder 
children were probably born in Virginia, and the rest in North 
Carolina, which accounts for the lack of definite information con- 
cerning their births. 

Benjamin Ricks, son of Isaac, Jr., was born near Chucka- 
tuck, Virginia, married Patience Helty, and bought in Lunen- 
burg County, Virginia, four hundred acres of land from King 



FLETCHER BUCHANAN RICKS 141 

George II for forty shillings, the deed of which was recorded in 
Richmond. About 1752, he removed to North Carolina, where he 
bought a large tract of land from his brother, William, in Edge- 
combe County, about seven miles from where the town of Rocky 
Mount now stands. He was successful in his business affairs, and 
left a good estate to his heirs. 

The children of Benjamin (3), [Isaac (2), Isaac (1)], were: 
Jacob, born 1735; Joel, born 1737; Lewis, born 1741; Benjamin, 
whose date of birth is unknown, but whose death date was Feb- 
ruary 19, 1770, and who was a Sergeant-Major in the 10th North 
Carolina Continental troops ; Molly, born July 29, 1743 ; Thomas, 
born 1745 ; William, 1750 ; Josiah, born 1755 ; Meredith, who died 
unmarried in 1780, was by occupation, a silversmith, and by 
nature a miser, and left much money, w T hich \vas long searched 
for ; John ; Abrani ; Sarah and Patience. 

It appears that William Ricks, above mentioned who was 
born in 1750, was a native of North Carolina. At least he spent 
most of his life there. His wife, Lydia Brantley, was born in 
17(30, and died July IS, 1835. William Ricks was a Revolutionary 
soldier, and fought in the battle of Guilford County Court House, 
March 15, 1781, with his brother Lewis. He died June 10, 1832. 

The children of William (4), [Benjamin (3), Isaac (2), Isaac 
(1)], were: David, whose birth-date is unknown, but who died 
June 25, 1829 ; Rhoda, who was born in 1784, and died in 1834, 
unmarried; John, born June 11, 1786; Dickerson ; Richard; Mar- 
tin ; Elizabeth, who was born in 1796 and died in 1835 ; Mourn- 
ing, who was born in 1799, and married Jonathan Joinier; and 
Malany, who married James Buntin. 

John, third child of William Ricks, and a great-great-grand- 
child of Isaac Ricks, Senior, was married January 8, 1818, to 
Annie Atkinson, who was born 1800, and died 1873. John Ricks 
spent his life in the county of his birth, where he followed the 
occupation of a planter, and was at one time sheriff. His death 
occurred in November, 1847. 

The children of John (5), [William (4), Benjamin (3), Isaac 
(2), Isaac (1)], were: Sidney Smith, who was born November 22, 
1818, and married J. B. Harper, planter, merchant, and miller; 
David Atkinson Talfair, born June 23, 1820 ; Jerome, born Jan- 
uary 1, 1822; George, born December 20, 1824; Frances Ann, 
who was born April 2, 1827, and married William W. Boddie, a 
planter, and a member of the legislature; Buchanan, born Au- 
gust 25, 1831 ; Indiana, who was born April 18, 1834, and married 
K. D. Taylor; Nero, who was born July 15, 1838, and died in the 
Confederate Service in 1862; John Atkinson, who was born June 
16, 1839, and died March 15, 1887, unmarried. 

George Ricks, fourth child of John Ricks of Nash County, 
continued to reside in his native county, where February 27, 1844, 



142 FLETCHER BUCHAXAX RICKS 

he married Sarah A. E. Vick, the (laughter of Asail and Eliza- 
beth (Bailey) Vick, who was born in Nash County January iMi, 
1829, and died May 31, 1898. Like his father, George Kicks fol- 
lowed the occupation of a planter, and died on his plantation 
August 7, 1904. 

George Ricks moved to Texas when quite a young man. The 
children of George Ricks (G), [John (5), William (4), Benja- 
min (3), Isaac (2), Isaac (1)] were: Mary Adeliza, born Septem- 
ber 30, 1845, died December 10, 1848 ; Sarah Elizabeth, born Feb- 
ruary 8, 1848, died August 24, 1848; Fannie, born February 8, 
1848 (twin), lived in Nashville, unmarried; George, born July 
30, 1849 ; Mary Elizabeth, born April 15, 1851, who married John 
R. Barkley and lived in Raleigh, North Carolina ; Sidney Bumpus, 
who was born December 24, 1852, married Penelope Boddie, and 
died December 4, 1896, leaving no children ; Fletcher Buchanan, 
born July 23, 1854 ; Leah Jane, who was born April 8, 1856, mar- 
ried Asail Vick, and went to Nashville; Nero Talfair, who was 
born March 12, 1858, married Lila Brown, and died August 1, 
1890; Samuel Smith, who was born February 15, 1860, and died 
October 3, 1878 ; Sallie Ann, born December 21, 1861 ; Virginia 
Vick, born November 1, 1863, who married Willian Poindexter 
Bobbitt, and went to live in Nashville, North Carolina; William 
Benjamin, born April 3, 1866, married Miss Nora Neal of Ten- 
nessee. Eulalia Gabrilla, born June 7, 1868, married Doctor J. J. 
Mann ; Ida, who was born November 10, 1869, lives in Nashville, 
unmarried ; Edgar Norman, who was born April 30, 1874, married 
Florence Nelson, and went to reside in Lillington, North Carolina. 

Fletcher Buchanan Ricks, great-grandson of a great-grand- 
son of Isaac Ricks, the immigrant, was born in Nash County, 
North Carolina, on July 23, 1854, and continued to reside in that 
county until about his fiftieth year, except for the years he spent 
in High School after completing the course of study in the local 
school. After his graduation from the Pleasant Garden High 
School, Guilford County, North Carolina, he returned to Nash 
County, where he obtained a position of clerk in a business estab- 
lishment. He only clerked here for a few years when he began 
business for himself under the firm name of Ricks Brothers, 
building up a large and profitable business. He was in business 
there from 1887 to 1903, when his health failed and he moved to 
Greensboro, North Carolina, and retired, in a measure, from 
actual work. He was a very successful business man, having 
begun life without any means or help. About 1904 he removed 
to Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina. As an organ- 
izer, Mr. Ricks was remarkable. Stores which he established and 
financed are located in Nashville, Sanford, Mt. Olive and Lilling- 
ton, besides the Ricks-Donnell-Medearis Company of Greensboro. 
He organized the Commercial and Savings Bank of which he 



FLETCHER BUCHANAN RICKS 143 

became President, and later the Commercial National Bank of 
which he also became President. He was also in the front rank of 
all movements tending to build up his home city, among whose 
citizens he was widely known and numbered hosts of personal 
friends. He was a man of great strength of character, and was 
always true to his convictions. Besides conducting his business 
enterprises, he was active as a church worker, being a member 
of the West Market Street Methodist Church of Greensboro, 
where he regularly attended, and where he held the office of 
Steward. He left a good estate. 

His wife was Tempie Bod die Vick, of a Nash County family. 
They were married November 19, 1879, at Hillardston, Nash 
County, North Carolina. They had four sons : Garland Atkinson 
Kicks, born in Henderson, North Carolina, November 29, 1884, 
and John Arthur Ricks, born in Nashville, North Carolina, Feb- 
ruary 22, 1888. The two eldest, Arthur Dalton and an unnamed 
son, died in infancy. 

Garland Atkinson Ricks was educated at Randolph Macon 
Academy, Bedford City, Virginia, and at the A. and M. College, 
Raleigh, North Carolina. After completion of his collegiate 
course, he went into business in Nashville, North Carolina, as a 
merchant. He remained in his father's store in Nashville only 
one year. He then went to Greensboro, North Carolina, where 
he held a position in The City National Bank, and afterwards 
took a position in the Commercial Savings Bank, of which his 
father was President. He was married to Ruth Eulalia Mann 
December 12, 1912. 

John Arthur also attended Randolph Macon Academy. At 
this institution and at Trinity Park School, Durham, North 
Carolina, he was prepared for entrance to Trinity College of 
Durham. After graduation from college, he became the State 
Agent for the American National Insurance Company. On June 
23, 1912, he married Rue Brodie Rice, and they settled in Greens- 
boro, North Carolina. They have three children, Fletcher Buch- 
anan Ricks, born May 10, 1913; John Arthur Ricks, and Robert 
Alston Ricks, born April 5, 1915. 

In the month of August, 1910, Fletcher Buchanan Ricks went 
to visit his old home in Nashville, North Carolina, where he was 
attacked by an alarming illness, being removed as quickly as 
possible to Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. As his condi- 
tion improved but little, it was deemed best to bring him home to 
Greensboro. For a year his illness lasted, but release from his 
suffering came on October 6, 1911, in the presence of his family 
and friends gathered around him. The funeral was held October 
7, 1911, from his residence, 509 West Washington Street, with 
the Reverend E. K. McLarty, officiating, and the interment was 
in Green Hill Cemetery. The pallbearers, who were friends and 



144 FLETCHER BUCHANAN RICKS 

associates of the deceased, were: W. S. Clary, E. J. Stafford, 
W. E. Blair, J. R. Cutchin, Judge N. L. Eure, and J. J. W. Harris. 

Besides his widow and his sons Fletcher Buchanan Ricks 
was survived by his two brothers, and five sisters: Reverend 
W. B. Ricks, of Nashville, Tennessee; E. N. Ricks of Mt. Olive; 
Mesdames J. R. Barkley of Raleigh, and W. P. Bobbitt of Nash- 
ville, and the Misses Fannie and Ida Ricks of Nashville, also Mrs. 
Asail B. Vick of Nash County. Not only his family but his fellow 
citizens of Greensboro, feel that their loss, occasioned by his 
death, is an irreparable one. This sketch would be incomplete 
without an account of the family of Mrs. F. B. Ricks. 

Tempie Boddie Vick, who became Mrs. Fletcher Buchanan 
Ricks, was born near Hillardston, Nash County, North Carolina, 
November 26, 1861, being the daughter of Benjamin Smith Vick 
and Nancy Kelley (Battle) Vick. The family of Battle, her 
mothers family, is one of the most distinguished of North Caro- 
lina. In early English records this family name appears under 
the forms of Battaill, Battayl, Battel, Battell and Battelle. The 
last named form is found as far back as the twelfth century, 
and this family had two coats of arms. 

After the battle of Stamford Bridge, the field of action was 
called Battle Flats, and the family coming into possession of this 
land, assumed, according to the custom of the time, the name, 
Battle, as their patronymic. The name originated in Essex, in 
which county and in Surrey, there lived several branches of no- 
bility bearing the surname of Battell. The progenitor of one of 
these Essex families was Thomas Battell, whose son, Richard 
Battell, had a son, "Robertus Battell." "Edwardus Battell," 
son of "Robertus," married Joanna, daughter of John of Basing- 
borne. Their son, "Galfridus" married Christiana, daughter of 
John Torrell of Torrell Hall. Their son, "Johannes Battell de 
Auncler (Ongar)" of Parke, County Essex, married a daughter 
of Thomas de Rochford, and their son, Thomas Battell, married 
Elizabeth, daughter and sole heir of Richard de Enfield. Their 
children were: Alicia, who married John Barrington of Baring- 
ton, and Catherina, who married John Joscelin. In Surrey a 
Battell family resided, one of whose members, Henry Battell of 
Farnham, married Frances Maliverer. In London, too, this fam- 
ily was found, for under date of July 5, 1692, William Battell 
of London, married Mary Thompson, at St. Mary Magdalene's. 

But the name, Battle, was also found at an earlier date. On 
July 19, 1648, Mary Battle of a Kent County family, married 
Thomas Fiddes, their license having been issued in London. In 
Cromwell's time, one John of Battle was a juryman. Later, in 
1662, John Battle bought land of Sir William Berkeley, Governor 
of Virginia, which land was located on the Pasquotank River. 
Possibly they were one and the same person. 



FLETCHER BUCHANAN RICKS 145 

Among early Virginia immigrants there were Mathew Battle, 
who came in 1652; Elizabeth Battle, who came in 1654, being 
brought over by John Battell; John Battle, who came in 1654, 
also brought by John Battell. The founder of the Battle family 
of the South was John Battle, a native of Yorkshire, England 
(above mentioned), who bought land in Nansemond County, Vir- 
ginia, and later on Pasquotank River in North Carolina, of which 
land he was the owner in the year 1668. As early as the year 
1659, this John Battle of Virginia, came with George Durant, 
Roger Green, and others from the Jamestown settlement, and 
selected land on Albemarle Sound and the rivers that empty into 
it. John Battle lived chiefly in Nansemond County, Virginia, 
with his wife, Elizabeth. Their son, William, was born in Vir- 
ginia, and married Sarah Hunter, by whom he had two sons, 
Elisha and William, both of whom went to North Carolina to 
live and found two important branches of the Battle family. 

William Battle (3), [William (2), John (1),] purchased 
lands from the Lords Proprietors of North Carolina, his tract 
lying on Swift Creek in Edgecombe County, from which part of 
the County, Nash County later was carved. His wife was Mary 
Capel, and they had three sons, James, William and John. 

James, the eldest of these sons, first married Elizabeth Ar- 
rington, whose father was Arthur Arrington, originally a resi- 
dent of Nansemond County, Virginia, and later of Edgecombe 
County, North Carolina. Their children were: Elizabeth, who 
married Mr. Hines, and Polly, who married Mr. Cheathorn. The 
second wife of James was Abiah Whitehead, by whom he had three 
sons and a daughter. The sons went to Mobile, Alabama, and 
the daughter married George Whitehead and went to live in 
Savannah, Georgia. 

William Battle, second of the three sons, married Mary Wil- 
, liams of Halifax County. They lived at the Battle homestead in 
Nash County and had nine children : Thomas, who married Miss 
Baker and moved to Georgia, and whose son was Judge Nicholas 
Williams Battle, of Waco, Texas; Lawrence, who married 
Martha, daughter of General William Arrington of Nash County 
in 1812; William, who married Chloe Boddie of Nash County 
and moved to Shelby County, Tennessee ; Frederick, who married 
Tempie Perry of Franklin County, North Carolina; Larkin, who 
married Sallie Sills of Nash ; Alfred, who went to Alabama, and 
married Millicent Bell, Tuskaloosa; Elizabeth, whose husband 
was Nathan Boddie and who moved to Troup County, Georgia; 
Martha, who married Gu Fort of Edgecombe, and moved to Mis- 
sissippi ; and Mary Ann, who resided in Tuskaloosa with her elder 
brother Alfred, and there married Henry W. Collier, who became 
Governor and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Alabama. 

John Battle, youngest of the three sons above mentioned, 



146 FLETCHER BUCHANAN RICKS 

married Rhoda Kix. and moved to Buncombe County, North Caro- 
lina, and later to Tallaferro County, Georgia. They had three 
sons and two daughters. One of the sons, .John Hart well Battle, 
married Pollie Bailey of 'Warren County, Georgia. Their grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Minnie Battle Allen, daughter of their son, Law- 
rence, is a compiler of a history of the Battle family. 

Frederick (5), [William (4), William (3), William (2), 
John (1)], was the father of Nancy Kelly Battle, who married 
Benjamin Smith Yick and became the mother of Temple Boddie 
Vick, later Mrs. F. B. Kicks. 

Tbis blending of notable families shown in the combined 
ancestry of Fletcher Buchanan Ricks and his wife offers an 
unusual distinction to their descendants, for not only are long 
lineage and material success represented in the Ricks and Battle 
families, but the finest qualities of the mind and heart. 



PHILIP ROGERS 

TO the early American period the Rogers families con- 
tributed two most valuable men; one belonging to the 
New England families of Rogers, and the other, by 
female descent, belonging to the Virginia family. The 
New England families were founded by James Rogers, who came 
to Connecticut in 1635 from Cornwall, England, and by Nathaniel 
Rogers, who came from Devonshire in 1636. Descended from one 
of these was Colonel Robert Rogers who, when the great struggle 
was being fought between France 'and England for supremacy on 
this continent, was one of the most valuable officers of the English 
army as Commander of the Scout Corps. Twenty years later, 
when the Revolutionary War was raging, George Rogers Clark, 
a young Virginian, saw the vital importance of protecting the 
western boundary lines of the Confederation, and by his marvel- 
ous campaign against the British Posts in the West added to the 
United States a territory from which five great States have been 
carved. The country, therefore, owes some debt of gratitude to 
the Rogers name. 

Philip Rogers, of Sedley, Virginia, is of the same English 
blood as these old pioneers, but comes of a family which has been 
identified with the United States for not quite half a century. 
Mr. Rogers was born at Alvediston, Wiltshire, England, on May 
2, 1865, son of John and Mary Ann (Burnell) Rogers. His father 
came from England to Virginia in May, 1873, and was followed 
by his family about four months later. He bought two large 
farms, "Oakland" and "Poverty Fork," about three miles south- 
west of Lunenburg Court House, and settled down to the life of 
a Virginia planter. Later he bought a part of the Love Estate. 
After a time a Post Office was established at his house, called 
"Elcomb," in honor of a place of the same name in England. 

Philip Rogers was educated by private tutors and in the 
public schools of Petersburg, Virginia. At the age of twenty, he 
became identified with the lumber business, and this has been the 
principal feature of his business career. Mr. Rogers developed 
a large measure of business capacity, and is now the Agent of the 
Surry Lumber Company, one of the largest lumber manufacturing 
concerns in that section of the country. This, however, though 
constituting his main business, has not absorbed all his time and 
attention. He is interested in other directions, both in a business 
way and in the line of public service. He is at this time President 

[149] 



150 PHILIP ROGERS 

of the Bank of Sedley, a Director of the Peoples Bank at Court- 
land, Virginia, and a Director in the American Bank and Trust 
Company of Petersburg, Virginia. He is clerk and member of 
the Pension Board for Sussex County (Confederate Pensions), 
in which capacity he has served for several years, and is also 
member and clerk of the Jerusalem School District Board. 
Politically, he is identified with the Democratic Party. In fra- 
ternal circles, he is a Mason, holding the Blue Lodge and Chapter 
Degrees. In religion, he is a member of the Methodist Church, 
South, in which he has served as a Steward and Sunday School 
Superintendent. 

He was married April 15, 1903, at St. John's Episcopal 
Church, Petersburg, Virginia, to Rebecca Hill Urquhart, born 
April 10, 1875, in Southampton County, daughter of Anseline 
Bailey and Ann Eliza (Ridley) Urquhart. They have two living 
children: Charles Urquhart Rogers, born in Prince George 
County, Virginia, August 13, 1904, and Mary Ann Rogers, born in 
Southampton County, Virginia, October 31, 1911. 

Philip Rogers, in his own day and in his own work, has con- 
tributed faithfully to the building up of the great Republic 
which men of his blood founded. He is looked upon in business 
circles as a man of character, and in other walks of life as a good 
citizen, which is as much as can be said of any man however 
exalted his position. 

Some of Mr. Rogers' forebears have been settled in the sec- 
tion of England in which he was born, certainly since 1665, for 
the records show that on May 20, 1665, Walter Goddard, gentle- 
man, of East Woodyates, purchased Woodyates of William 
Carew Hembridge Somerset; that on May 18, 1693, Walter God- 
dard, son of the above, married Dorothy, daughter of William 
Joy, of Shellington, and that a marriage settlement was made on 
that day. Twenty-five years later, January 13, 1718, the records 
show the marriage settlement of Walter Goddard, son of the 
last-named, with Elizabeth Rogers, daughter of one Rogers, of 
"Gunvale." Twenty-two years later, on September 18, 1740, the 
records show the marriage settlement of Walter Goddard (3), 
son of the last-named, and Elizabeth Lawes, daughter of John 
Lawes, of Alvediston, Wiltshire. Some forty years later, in 1784, 
Dorothy Goddard, the surviving child of Walter Goddard, (3), 
married Joseph Rogers, of Winborne Minster. Of this marriage, 
there was a son, Joseph Walter Goddard Rogers, born July 20, 
1789, married Mary Tanner, and died December 4, 1852. The 
children of this marriage were : John Rogers, born November 21, 
1824, married Mary Ann Burnell May 16, 1855, and died May 21, 
1904, who was the father of Philip Rogers of this sketch. The 
second son, Walter Goddard Rogers, was born January 15, 1826, 
and married Dorothy Lucy Lillies August 17, 1854. The next 



PHILIP ROGERS 151 

child was a daughter, Mary Rogers, born June 9, 1827. The next 
was a son, Thomas Lawes Kogers, born November 15, 1828. Then 
came four daughters: Eleanor, born May 14, 1830; Anne, born 
July 19, 1832 ; Eliza, born July 2, 1834 ; Catherine, born May 18, 
1838. The next child was a son, William Goddard Kogers, born 
September 8, 1839. Of the sons, John Rogers came to Virginia ; 
Dr. Thomas Lawes Kogers entered the medical profession, served 
honorably through the Crimean War, was appointed by the Brit- 
ish Government on a commission to investigate conditions in 
Egypt, and became well known in the British medical world as 
an authority on questions of lunacy. He is but lately deceased, 
living to be a very old man. The next son of this family, Walter 
Goddard Kogers, lives in Exeter, England, is an attorney by 
profession, and is at present, City Treasurer of Exeter. Mr. 
Walter Goddard Kogers is authority for the statement that his 
father, Joseph W. G. Kogers, originally lived in Dorsetshire, and 
moved to Wiltshire because of acquiring property under the will 
of a great-uncle, Thomas Lawes. The Lawes family had been 
settled at Alvediston since the time of Queen Elizabeth. 

The children of John Kogers and his wife, Mary Ann Bur- 
nell, in the order of birth, were John Ernest, February 15, 1856 ; 
Edward, March 1, 1858 ; Arthur, November 20, 1859 ; Walter God- 
dard, March 31, 1861; Charles Percy, October 30, 1862; and 
.Philip, May 2, 1865. 

Mrs. ^Philip Rogers is descended from two ancient stocks- 
one Scotch, one English. In the paternal line, she is descended 
from the old Scottish Clan of Urquhart, and in the maternal line 
from the old English family of Ridley. The Scottish Highland 
Clan of Urquhart, though always small in numbers, is of great 
antiquity, and has a traditional connection with the Clans 
Mackay and Forbes; this connection dating back to the very be- 
ginnings of the clans, and probably due to these three clans hav- 
ing had a common founder. The Castle of Urquhart was on the 
south side of Loch Ness. There are records which show that 
William Urquhart, of Cromarty, was Sheriff of the County in 
1306, and that the office was later made heritable in the family. 
This William married a daughter of the Earl of Ross, and by 
later marriages their possessions were vastly increased until they 
became a very wealthy family or clan. The Chief of the Clan in 
the time of the Civil War in England was Sir Thomas Urquhart. 
He is said to have been a very stout Royalist, and to have suffered 
heavy losses because of his loyalty to the king. The story is told 
that, upon hearing of the restoration of Charles II, he expired in 
a fit of joyous laughter. The direct male line of the Urquharts 
became extinct in 1741, and the Chieftainship passed to the Ur- 
quharts in Inverness-shire, Ross-shire and Moray-shire. It is 
said, in connection with these Urquharts, that at the very height 



152 THILIP ROGERS 

of their power and wealth, one of the old Scottish seers made the 
prediction that "extensive though their possessions in the Black 
Isles now are, a day will come, and it is close at hand, when they 
will not own twenty acres in the district." Nothing seemed more 
improbable at that time, but in a couple of generations the old 
seer's prophecy was fulfilled. 

Mrs. Rogers is a great-great-granddaughter of William 
Urquhart, who came from Scotland with his two brothers, and 
whose wife's maiden name was Mary Simmons. He settled near 
Smithfield, Isle of Wight County, Virginia, from which place he 
moved to Southampton County, about 1700. He had a son John, 
who married Nancy Williamson. John had a son Charles Fox 
Urquhart, who married E. R. Hill, who was a member of the well- 
known Hill family of Eastern North Carolina, the late Judge Hill 
of that State, having been a close connection. It is stated that 
Charles F. Urquhart and his wife had twenty-three sons and 
daughters, and that six or seven sons served in the Confederate 
Army during the Civil War. One of these sons, A. B. Urquhart, 
married Eliza A. Ridley, daughter of Colonel Thomas Ridley, of 
Southampton County, and they left eight children: Charles T., 
L. R,, F. J., Emma W. (Adkins), N. R., Rebecca Hill (Rogers), 
W. Seldon and W. H. Urquhart. 

It will be noted that Mrs. Rogers' mother was a Ridley. The 
family was founded in Virginia by Robert Ridley and his wife 
Elizabeth. He sailed from London in the ship "Dorset," on Sep- 
tember 30, 1635. In the list of passengers, Robert Ridley's age is 
given as twenty-three, and his wife's age as thirty. 

Every school-boy is familiar with the famous old Bishop Rid- 
ley who was burned at the stake, but he does not know the ex- 
ceeding pride of the members of the Ridley family. They had 
always been notable for their independence, and one critic said 
that they carried it so far that "they kept a boat of their own, in 
the time of the flood, and so were under no obligations to Noah." 
The family reaches back to the time of the Norman Conquest, and 
its earliest known residence was in Cheshire, a place previously 
owned by the Knights Hospitallers. This estate was pleasantly 
situated in a beautiful sequestered valley under the shadow of 
the Peckferton Hills. It was a dilapidated old place originally, 
but when rebuilt it became a most stately and imposing mansion. 
After a number of generations, the property was inherited by a 
daughter, who married Robert Danyel. The estate passed to their 
son, Sir Robert Danyel, who quartered his arms with those of 
Ridley. This Sir Robert Danvel served under Sir William Stan- 

u t/ 

ley, hero of the battle of Bosworth Field, either as an Esquire or 
as one of his body-guards. Bryan Ridley, of Ridley Hall, Che- 
shire, was in possession of the estate in the year 1157. It is stated 
that, in the earlier generations, like other people, they had no 



PHILIP ROGERS 153 

surnames, and so they added to their Christian names "de Ride- 
leigh" or "de Rydley," and these in time became the family 
names. In an investigation made by Grey, in 1649, of the thirty- 
seven great families in the North of England only eleven were 
found to date back to the time of the Conquest. 

Robert Ridley, who came to America in 1635, is supposed to 
have been a son of Christopher Ridley, of Battersea, York, Eng- 
land. His wife's maiden name was Elizabeth Abridgton. He 
brought with him a certificate from a Justice of the Peace, show- 
ing that he was conformable to the Church of England. He set- 
tled in Isle of Wight County and became a wealthy land owner. 
His wife survived him, and married secondly Matthew Jones, of 
Welsh descent, and by him had a son who became the ancestor 
of a distinguished family now numerous in the South. Robert 
Ridley left either two or three sons and a daughter. William 
Ridley, second son of Robert, was born in Southampton, Virginia, 
and had issue. Thomas Ridley, youngest son of William, was 
born in Southampton County in 1740. He was a gallant soldier 
in the Continental Army, fought in many battles side by side with 
his kinsman, Colonel Abridgton Jones, and rose to the rank of 
Colonel. Several good stories are told of him in connection with 
his Revolutionary service. At Brandywine, the artillery fire was 
terrific. A soldier in the regiment catching the eye of Colonel 
Ridley said, in tremulous accents, "the earth is gaping and will 
swallow us." The Colonel replied: "Let it open, we will sink 
together. To your post!" In another battle he came across a 
wounded British officer, to whom he extended an act of kindness. 
As a mark of his dying gratitude, the officer drew from his pocket 
a gold watch and asked Colonel Ridley to accept it. This watch 
is now in the possession of his great-great-grandson, Robert Rid- 
ley, of Norfolk. Colonel Ridley married Amy Scott and left two 
sons. On retiring from the Army, he received from the Govern- 
ment a land bounty in the territory northwest of the Ohio River, 
which is now in the State of Ohio, and from which his heirs real- 
ized the sum of forty thousand dollars. The eldest son of Colonel 
Thomas Ridley was Major Thomas Ridley, who married Mary 
Wright and had four children. After his wife's death he married 
secondly Anne Gillian Wilkinson, by whom there was no issue. 
He also served in the Army, commanding a Cavalry Company in 
the War of 1812. The second son of Major Thomas Ridley was 
Colonel Thomas Ridley, who was born in Southampton County, 
Virginia, August 22, 1809, and married November 2, 1837, Mar- 
garet B. Jordan, daughter of John B. Jordan, of Northampton 
County, North Carolina. She was the greatest belle in all that 
section. They had issue eight children. Colonel Thomas Ridley 
developed the military tastes of his father and grandfather, but 
as he lived in a time of peace did not serve in the army. He be- 



154 PHILIP ROGERS 

came Captain of a Company of Volunteer Cavalry, and later was 
elected Colonel of the militia forces of his native county. He was 
a kindly man, of gentle, dignified manners, highly regarded by 
everybody over a wide area, and warmly loved by many; but a 
man of such dignity of character that no one undertook to be 
familiar with him. An earnest Democrat in his political senti- 
ments, and devoted to the best interests of the county, he yet 
always declined political honors. He was a consistent member of 
the Episcopal Church, and in all the relations of life was scrup- 
ulously correct. By judicious management of his extensive plan- 
tation, he largely increased the ample estate left by his father, 
and at the time of his death, March 7, 1875, was possessed of great 
wealth. Eliza Ann Ridley, his second daughter, was born in 
Southampton County, Virginia, October 16, 1841; married Anse- 
line B. Urquhart in February, 1863, and was the mother of eight 
children, one of whom is Mrs. Philip Rogers. 

It is a sad duty to record the fact that while this sketch was 
in the press Mr. Philip Kogers died in Richmond, Virginia, on 
May 7, 1917, his funeral taking place on the day following at 
old Blanford Church and the interment at Blanford Cemetery, 
Petersburg, Virginia. 



BROOKS RUTLEDGE 

ARUTLEDGE family of English origin, settled in Ireland 
in the time of Oliver Cromwell and owned the lands of 
Ballymagirl near Bawnboy, County Cavan, for several 
generations. James Rutledge was squire of Ballymagirl, 
Cavan, in the eighteenth century. He married Martha, daughter 
of Mr. Forster of Longford, Ireland, and sister of Thomas Forster, 
Esquire, M.D., of the Army Medical Department, and afterward 
of the Bush Farm, near Sydney, New South Wales. The oldest 
son by this marriage was William Rutledge, one of the earliest 
and best known of the pioneers of the colony of Victoria. 

The first to come from the north of Ireland to this country 
in the eighteenth century were John and Andrew, who came to 
the Carolinas. 

"John Rutledge was born in the year 1739, son of Doctor 
John Rutledge, who, with his brother, Andrew, both natives of 
Ireland, arrived in Carolina about the year 1735, and there prac- 
ticed, the one law and the other physic." 

Doctor Rutledge married Miss Hext, who at the age of 
fifteen, gave birth to a son, John, who became one of South Caro- 
linas most brilliant and illustrious men. He served first at the 
bar, then as a deputy to the Continental Congress, where all were 
astonished at the eloquence of the young member from Carolina, 
who finally became President of his native State. 

Shortly before the commencement of the Revolutionary 
actions in 1776, John Rutledge wrote the following laconic note 
to General Moultrie, who commanded on Sullivan's Island: 
"General Lee wishes you to evacuate the fort. You will not, 
without an order from me. I would sooner cut off my hand than 
write one. J. Rutledge." 

In 1777, as President of South Carolina, and being about to 
leave the State for a time, he appointed the Honorable William 
Henry Drayton to take his place, the Vice-President being already 
absent. In Drayton's Memoirs of the American Revolution, the 
President of South Carolina, John Rutledge, is written of con- 
tinuously. It was he who adopted a temporary public seal (which 
appears to have been a seal of arms of his own) which on certain 
documents was called the President's. Later, however, the same 
was called "The Temporary Seal of the said Colony' : or, the 

[ 157 ] 



158 r.IJOOKS KCTLEDGE 



ll 



Temporary Public Seal." All of the State's letters written by 
Mr. Rutledge are most interesting to read. 

In 1784, he was elected a Judge of Chancery in South Caro- 
lina and, in 1787, was designated as First Associate Judge of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, by President George Wash- 
ington. Thus his duties were legislative in the Continental Con- 
gress, executive as President of South Carolina and judicial as a 
Justice of the United States; and he seems to have been entirely 
capable in each of these important and prominent offices. 

Every summer for several years, Mr. Kutledge spent some 
months at Newport, with his family. In the season of 1801, while 
taking his annual vacation there, he was accused of writing two 
letters to President Jefferson, signing other names to them. These 
letters urged the displacement of all the Federalists from Rhode 
Island, and endorsed anyone whom a certain Mr. Ellery might 
suggest. Slanderous reports were circulated but those who knew 
Mr. Rutledge were convinced of his innocence. At the time of 
his leaving Newport with his family he was accompanied by Cle- 
land Kinloch, Esquire, M. Hautrui and Major Warley, and before 
his departure he was waited upon by a committee of gentlemen 
of Newport who deplored the unhappy occurrence, and presented 
him with a letter expressing their appreciation of himself and 
their best wishes for his future good health and happiness. 

Edward Rutledge, brother of John, was one of the four mem- 
bers who signed the Declaration of Independence on behalf of 
South Carolina. "For the good obtained and the evil prevented, 
his memory will be long respected by his countrymen." He was 
known in his own State as a "Peace-maker" and was always the 
friend of the distressed. He was a Lieutenant of the South Caro- 
lina Artillery in 1775, became Captain in 1776, and was elected to 
Congress the same year. At the siege of Charleston, May 12, 1780, 
he was taken prisoner and kept as such until 1781. He died in 
1800. 

Joshua Rutledge of Maryland was also taken prisoner in the 
Revolutionary war, in 1780, at Camden, but was exchanged the 
same year, and served until 1783. Thomas Rutledge was a Lieu- 
tenant in the South Carolina Militia in 1776. This Thomas, the 
Joshua, above, and another John, as also a Joseph of Prince Ed- 
ward County, Virginia, 1785, w r ere very possibly brothers, as the 
immigrant, John, left quite a family to his young wife. Some of 
these, however, may have been Andrew's children. 

John, President of South Carolina in 1779, was the father of 
Owen Rutledge, who was the father of Joseph Rutledge. Joseph 
was born in Oglethorpe County, Georgia, where the State records 
show one John Rutledge, in 1783, praying the House of Assembly 
to be discharged from the Georgia Regiment. The following year, 
in 1784, the Governor of that State signed a grant of two hun- 
dred acres in Burke County to John Rutledge. 



BROOKS RUTLEDGE 159 

Joseph Rutledge, grandson of John, married Miss Esther 
Susan Robert, of Beaufort County, South Carolina, and moved 
from Oglethorpe County, Georgia, to Wilkes County, in the same 
State, where he remained until 1835. In 1820, to this couple was 
born a son, Robert Kennedy Rutledge, who spent part of his 
youthful days in Mississippi. 

Brooks Rutledge, D.D.S., a prominent dentist of Florence, 
South Carolina, was born at Summerton, South Carolina, May 
18, 1857. His father, Robert Kennedy Rutledge, before men- 
tioned, was a civil engineer and school teacher, born at the old 
home place in Georgia, where the Rutledge family lived from 1812 
to 1835. When the father of Doctor Rutledge was fifteen years 
old, in 1835, the family moved from Georgia to Mississippi, going 
by wagon, as there were no railroads in those days. This trip was 
long and arduous, one of its eventful days being that memorable 
cold Friday of which so many old people still talk. The rivers 
were all frozen solid and the wagons traveled, as if on roads of 
good old mother earth. Mr. Rutledge often related the stirring 
events of this trip to his children and it always proved a story of 
unfailing interest to them. He lived in Mississippi with his 
parents until he was twenty-two years of age and attended Guan- 
ville College, Ohio, now Denison University. During his senior 
year he had measles which nearly caused his death, and from that 
time his health was greatly impaired. 

After leaving college, and while visiting in South Carolina, 
he was asked to take charge of Friendship Academy, in Clarendon 
County, which he did, spending all the time not taken up with 
school duties, in surveying the surrounding counties. 

In 1848 Mr. Rutledge settled in Summerton, South Carolina, 
and in the same year won Miss Susan Richbourg for his bride. 
They were blessed with five children, three daughters and two 
sons: Lula J. Rutledge, Alice Rutledge, Martha E. Rutledge, J. D. 
Rutledge and Brooks Rutledge. The last named is the subject 
of the present sketch and is one of the foremost dental surgeons 
of South Carolina. 

His father, having been a teacher, Brooks early learned the 
value of study. His first school years were spent in the country 
school at Summerton, and he was prepared for Furman Univer- 
sity at Captain Patrick's School in Greenville, South Carolina. 
After two years at Furman University he spent two years at the 
University of Maryland and received his degree there in 1885. 
The same year Doctor Rutledge opened his office in Florence, and 
has practiced without interruption ever since. 

In Nashville, Tennessee, November 20, 1880, Doctor Rutledge 
married Miss Mary Ella Chase, born in Richmond, Virginia, and 
by her had one son, Robert de La Rutledge, who will graduate 
from Furman University in 1917. Mrs. Rutledge died in 1898. 



160 BROOKS RUTLEDGE 

If her son develop what should be his natural birthright, he must 
prove a man worthy of any trust, since among Americans of re- 
nown, on both paternal and maternal sides, his ancestors have 
held place. Samuel Chase of Maryland, signer of the Declara- 
tion, who died in 1811, was one of that illustrious "Chase family 
of ancient English origin, whose name is derived undoubtedly 
from the French word 'Chasser' meaning 'to hunt.' The an- 
cestral seat of the branch of the family from which the American 
line is descended was at Chesham, Buckinghamshire, through 
which runs a rapidly flowing river, the Chess, which gives its 
name to the place. 

Doctor Kutledge was married the second time to Isabelle 
Roempke Thomas of Batesburg, South Carolina, daughter of 
Andrew Jackson Spears Thomas, D.D., born near Bennettsville, 
South Carolina, and his wife, Isabelle Koempke, daughter of 
Alfred and Jessie Eobertson, of Charleston, South Carolina. The 
ancestor of the Thomas family was Tristram, born in Wales about 
1674. 

The "Thomas Book" by Doctor Lawrence Buckley Thomas, 
giving the genealogies of Sir Khys al Thomas K. G., and the 
Thomas family descended from him, furnishes much information 
about the Thomas family of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Vir- 
ginia (most of the Carolina families settled first in Virginia). 
Doubtless all of the Thomas pioneers were Welsh, and it is rea- 
sonable to suppose that they were of the same family, more or less 
remotely connected. The English family of Bristol was descended 
from Evan Thomas of Swansea Glamorganshire, Wales. 

By his second marriage, Doctor Rutledge has two children, 
a daughter, Isabelle Roempke Rutledge, and a son, Thomas 
Brooks Rutledge. 

Both the Doctor and Mrs. Rutledge are devout Baptists, the 
former being a Deacon, and was superintendent of the Sunday 
School, an office he filled for twenty years. He is a director and 
member of the Finance committee of the First National Bank; 
President of the Florence Loan and Investment Company ; former 
Alderman of the City Council ; Recording Secretary of the State 
Dental Association, and was elected President of the same asso- 
ciation in 1896. He was elected member of the State Board of 
Examiners in 1900 after serving as its Secretary for ten years, 
and was elected Trustee of Furman University in 1900, in which 
capacity he has since served. 

Doctor Rutledge is also a Mason, Blue Lodge Royal Arch 
Chapter; Knight Templar; Shriner; Worshipful Master of Blue 
Lodge ; Treasurer of Royal Arch Chapter and Knight of Pythias. 

Red Island is the meaning of the name Rutledge, which comes 
from the Anglo-Saxon rudge, rud, red and ige, an island. The 
name has been variously spelled Rouledge, Ritledge and Rout- 
ledge. Routledge is the name of a location near Cumberland. 



JOHN DUNCAN SHAW, JR. 

THE Shaw family is of Scotch origin, descended from that 
Mac Duff, Earl of Fife, who aided Malcolm III, King of 
Scotland, in recovering his throne from the usurper, Mac- 
beth, in 1056-7. Malcolm, in gratitude to Mac Duff, made 
a solemn covenant granting extensive favors to him and his 
posterity. The first of these privileges was the right to lead the 
van of the Scottish army in battle. The second was the right of 
placing the crown upon the heads of future kings at their corona- 
tion. It was this privilege that cost the unfortunate Isabel, 
Countess of Buchan, the last scion of the house of Mac Duff, her 
liberty. She placed the crown upon the head of Kobert, the 
Bruce, in 1306, in revenge for which, Edward I, King of England, 
confined her in prison at Berwick for many years. The last of 
the privileges granted to Mac Duff was, that if any member of 
the immediate family or other kindred to the ninth degree com- 
mitted manslaughter, he should be given the right of sanctuary 
and the remission of punishment by compounding with the rela- 
tives of the slain person. Malcolm also granted the Province of 
Moray to the Seach or Shaw, eldest son of Mac Duff. The seat 
of the family in Moray was established at Rothiemancus, and was 
probably a wooded spot, for the name Shaw means wood or cop- 
pice. This seat was on the Spey River in Inverness, and the 
chiefs of the family resided there for centuries. Their badge 
was the red whortleberry, and their motto was "Fide et forti- 
tudine" (by faith and by fortitude). The surname of Shaw ap- 
pears to have been adopted by Mac Duff, who was known as De 
Shawe and was one of the sons of Mac Duff, third Earl of Fife. 
About 1595, the chief of this clan, for some reason forfeited his 
lands, and the family, being thus bereft of its chief, dispersed. 
Many of its members joined MacPherson and Macintosh, and 
thus became septs of the great clan Chattan. These highland 
Shaws quartered the arms of Mac Duff with additions of their 
own. 

There are also numerous English families of Shaws with 
which this biography is not concerned. 

In 1735, one of the Scottish family came to America from the 
Isle of Skye, off the western coast of Scotland. Daniel Shaw 
is given in the records as an officer in the First North Carolina 
Continentals during the Revolutionary War. He married Kath- 
erine McKay, and they were the parents of Alexander Shaw, born 

[163] 



164 JOHN DUNCAN SHAW, JR. 

iii 1780, who was a large farmer and slave owner, and died in 
1S62. Alexander served in the War of 1812 in a militia or volun- 
teer regiment, and married Sarah Mclntosh, daughter of George 
AYhitfield and Nancy (Ray) Mclntosh. 

The paternal line of this branch of the Shaw family \\.-is iirst 
settled in Robeson County, North Carolina, and the maternal 
line in Richmond County. Scotch blood largely predominated, 
though the Whitfield marriage had brought into the family a 
strain of English. 

Major John D. Shaw, son of Alexander, married Margaret 
Barry Henderson, a member of one of North Carolina's most 
noted families. It is rather an interesting coincidence that these 
two verging lines of Scotch families should have both originated 
in Fifeshire. Major John D. Shaw was a prominent attorney of 
Rockingham, North Carolina. Of his marriage with Margaret 
Barry Henderson, there was born, in Rockingham January 16, 
1864, John Duncan Shaw, who is the principal subject of this 
sketch. 

John D. Shaw, Jr., after his grammar school training, was 
prepared for college by W. G. Quakenbush, of the Laurinburg 
High School. At the age of eighteen, he entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Virginia where he had the privilege 
of studying under the celebrated professor, John B. Minor, one 
of the most efficient law teachers that America has ever pro- 
duced. Graduating from the law school, he was licensed to prac- 
tice at the age of twenty-one, and became a member of the firm of 
John D. Shaw and Son, his father remaining in Rockingham and 
he taking the Laurinburg office. The only change in the firm 
during his lifetime, was the admission of Edward H. Gibson to 
partnership. Mr. Shaw's life was cut short when in his prime. 
He died September 15, 1905, lacking four months of being forty- 
two years of age. In these twenty years of active life, he had 
placed to his credit a record of accomplishment not often sur- 
passed even by able men who live out their full three score years 
and ten. Of extremely temperate habits, a lover of his work, with 
intellect of the first order, and absorbed entirely in his profession, 
he built up a practice so extensive and so successful as to give 
him a state-wide reputation as a lawyer and a capable man of 
business. Though a strong Democrat in his political beliefs, he 
refused to hold public office and declined a nomination to rep- 
resent his County in the Legislature, at the early age of twenty- 
one years. This would have been an irresistible temptation to 
many young men, and his declination is a proof of his strength 
of mind and purpose. It was due largely to him that the County 
of Scotland was created, and after his death, the newspapers 
were unanimous in declaring that he had been the most valuable 
citizen of what they called the "baby county," in its early years 



JOHN DUNCAN SHAW, JR. 165 

of struggle. He was a director in the Scotland Cotton Mills and 
his advice in business matters was most highly regarded by his 
neighbors. In his last illness, which extended over a period of 
months, no effort was spared by his family and his friends to 
bring about his recovery, but it was not so decreed, and when he 
passed away, the leading paper in the State, editorially lamented 
his untimely decease. He was characterized as being one of the 
ablest and most successful of the younger members of the bar in 
North Carolina, and attention was called to the courage and re- 
sourcefulness with which he fought his clients' causes from the 
very beginning of his practice, and the rapidity with which he 
gained a large legal patronage. 

Mr. Shaw was married May 3, 1893, at Villa Nova, the home 
of his wife's parents near Laurinburg, to Betty Normeut Thomas, 
born at Manheim, Hanover County, Virginia, July 14, 1873, 
daughter of Captain Stephen Moorman and Kate Reynolds 
(Winston) Thomas. Of this marriage there were two children: 
Betsy Thomas Shaw, who was born January 13, 1897, and died 
April 15, 1907, and John Duncan Shaw 3 , born August 11, 1899. 

Mr. Shaw's mother, Margaret Barry Henderson, was a daugh- 
ter of Charles Cotesworth and Barbara Glenn (Bryden) Hen- 
derson. Charles Cotesworth Henderson was a man of large 
affairs and very successful in his undertakings. He died Febru- 
ary 13, 1869, at the age of sixty-five. 

"He was the son of Lawson Henderson, long a prominent 
and influential citizen of Lincoln County. He filled the office of 
Sheriff, Clerk of the County and Superior Courts and various 
positions of trust. He built the 'Red House,' now the home of 
William C. Taylor, four miles west of Lincolnton ; 'Woodside,' 
now the home of Mrs. M. A. Richardson, one mile beyond the 
western limits of Lincolnton. He also erected a residence in 
Lincolnton in which he died November 21, 1843, aged sixty-nine 
years and eight months, and was laid to rest in the graveyard of 
the 'Old White Church.' 

"Lawson Henderson was the first clerk of the Superior 
Court of Lincoln County. He was appointed for life under the 
Act of Assembly of 1806, establishing a Superior Court in each 
County. He served continuously from April Term 1807 to Fall 
Term 1835, when he tendered his resignation. At Fall Term 
1833, John D. Hoke applied for the clerk's office, having been 
elected pursuant to Act of Assembly of 1832. Then followed the 
suit of Hoke versus Henderson in which Mr. Henderson was the 
winner. This is the most famous decision ever rendered by the 
Supreme Court of North Carolina; it decided that an office is 
property. The opinion is written by Chief Justice Ruffin, and is 
yet the leading case where the title to office is involved. 

"Lawson Henderson married Elizabeth Carruth. She was 



166 JOHN DUNCAN SHAW, JR. 

born March 20, 1783 ; married July 20, 1798 ; died July 28, 1849. 
To them were born fourteen children, Charles Cotesworth being 
the third. 

"Elizabeth Carruth was the daughter of Major John Carruth, 
an officer in the American Revolution, surveyor, member of the 
County Court, and a prominent and useful citizen. He married 
Elizabeth Cathey; to them were born eight children. Major 
Carruth died June 28, 1828, aged seventy-six years; his wife, 
Elizabeth, died October 17, 1819, aged sixty-seven years. 

"Major Lawson Henderson was a son of James Henderson, 
a pioneer settler. He owned the valuable shoals in Gaston County 
where McAdensville has since been built, and was buried there. 

"He married Violet, a daughter of Hugh Lawson. Hugh 
Lawson was a pioneer settler. He died about the year 1766 and 
was buried in the Baker graveyard, four miles east of Beattie's 
Ford. 

"Hugh Lawson has many distinguished descendants. Among 
them, Hugh Lawson White, of Tennessee, a grandson, was Judge 
of the Supreme Court, United States Senator and candidate for 
the Presidency of the United States. 

"Another distinguished descendant was James Pinckney 
Henderson, a son of Major Lawson Henderson. He was a dis- 
tinguished lawyer; Attorney-General of the Republic of Texas; 
Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary of the Re- 
public of Texas to France and England; Major-General of the 
United States Army in the War with Mexico ; Governor of Texas 
and Senator of the United States. He married Frances Cox, died 
in Washington in 1857, and was buried in the Congressional 
Cemetery. He was presented by Congress with a jeweled sword 
as a recognition of his distinguished services. 

"Margaret Barry's mother was Barbara Glenn Bryden, a 
native of New Jersey. She and C. C. Henderson were married 
in New York City, December 7, 1824. She survived her husband 
but a few weeks, and fell asleep April 10, 1869, aged sixty-six 
years, five months and sixteen days. 

"A substantial marble shaft in the Old White Churchyard 
marks the last resting place of Charles Cotesworth Henderson 
and his wife, Barbara Glenn. 

"Barbara Glenn Bryden was the daughter of William Bry- 
den, of Dumfries, Scotland. Her mother, Ann Bryden, was the 
daughter of David Glenn of the same place. A Slab in the Old 
White Church marks the last resting place of Ann Bryden. She 
died May 21, 1856, in the eighty-second year of her age. William 
Bryden died in Buenos Ayres, South America. 

"David Glenn married Margaret Munsey of noble family. 
David Glenn was a friend of the great Scottish poet, Robert 



JOHN DUNCAN SHAW, JR. 167 

Burns, who thus kindly refers to him in his 'letter to James Tait 
of Glenconner:' 

" 'My heart-warm love to guid auld Glen, 
The ace an' wale of honest men; 
When bending down wi' auld gray hairs, 
Beneath the load of years and cares, 
May He who made him still support him! 
An' views beyond the grave comfort him, 
His worthy family, far and near, 
God bless them a' wi' grace and gear!' 

Of the marriage of Charles C. Henderson and Barbara Glenn 
Bryden, there were ten children : Ann Elizabeth ; Theodore Wash- 
ington Brevard; Lawson Pinkney; Harriet; Theodora Christiana, 
wife of Kobert Sowers; Mary Helen, wife of Laban A. Hoyle; 
Charles Cotesworth; Barbara Malinda, who first married Bart- 
lett Y. Cobb, second, S. P. Sherrill; Margaret Barry, wife of 
Major John D. Shaw; and Frances Amelia, who married George 
Davis. 

Mrs. John D. Shaw comes of Welsh stock. Her father, Cap- 
tain Stephen Moorman Thomas, was a direet descendant of 
William Thomas, Sr., who assisted in the consolidating of repub- 
lican institutions in America by serving in the General Assembly 
of North Carolina just after the War of the Kevolution. Her 
mother Kate Reynolds Winston, or Winstone, as the old English 
form is, was a direct descendant of William Overton Winston, 
who was a brother of Sarah Winston, the mother of the famous 
Patrick Henry. Her maternal line also shows the name of John 
Winston, Jr., as Captain and Colonel of a Virginia regiment 
during the Revolution. 

John Duncan Shaw 3 conies into a great inheritance by blood, 
Scotch, English and Welsh, and in the American generations 
of these families, is a long line of splendid men who have illus- 
trated in their lives what good citizenship means, and who have 
ever stood ready to sacrifice blood and treasure for the promotion 
of the interests of their country and the common welfare of their 
people. It is the greatest inheritance that can come to any young 
man. 



HENRY HAMMOND THRASHER 

WILLIAM THRASHER, the progenitor of the family of 
this name, who settled in Virginia, sold his house, lands 
and his business as clothier, in Bradford-on-Avon, Wilt- 
shire, England, and with his wife and son Robert, came 
to America in 1649, settling in Pittsylvania County, Virginia. 
Robert married Abby A. Stevens, daughter of Daniel G. Stevens 
and his wife, Sibbel. Their children were: Samuel, John, Rich- 
ard, Joseph, Pleasant and William. 

Samuel Thrasher was Justice of Essex County, Virginia, 
from 1695 to 1700. Daniel, son of Samuel, married Lydia Swift 
in 1724, and their children were: Robert, Rachel, Susan, Samuel 
and perhaps others. 

When the Revolutionary War broke out, members of the 
Thrasher family were not slow to offer their services in defense 
of their country. Michael Thrasher and Samuel Thrasher served 

e/ 

with honor throughout the war, Michael rising to the rank of 
Captain. 

One branch of the family moved to Rockingham County. 
Salisbury District, North Carolina, where many of the name are 
still to be found. 

They have always been good citizens wherever residing. 
John E. Thrasher, the largest merchant in Micanopy, Florida, is 
probably a relative, as his ancestors settled in Virginia. 

After the Revolution, Samuel Thrasher returned to farming, 
and married in 1780. The record states that, in 1782, he erected 
one dwelling and six other buildings. 

When the call to arms was again sounded in this country. 
Robert James Thrasher, son of Benjamin (the son of Samuel) 
Thrasher, true to the traditions of his family, followed in the 
footsteps of his great-grandfather, and gave loyal service to his 
State. With the Virginia troops, he fought for the cause of the 
confederacy and was killed in 1862. 

He had married Martha Anne Hammond and was the father 
of Henry Hammond Thrasher, of this sketch, who was born at 
Buchanan, Botetourt County, Virginia, February 19, 1860. Thus, 
though Tennessee is his adopted State, Knoxville being his place 
of residence, Mr. Thrasher was born in Virginia where his an- 
cestors had lived for many years. 

Left fatherless in infancy, he soon found it necessary to earn 

*J S f 

his own living, which he began to do at the early age of fifteen 

[168] 



HENRY HAMMOND THRASHER 171 

years. Cast upon his own resources, he had little time for edu- 
cation, and therefore received only that which the public schools 
at Buchanan offered. Now in the prime of life, he is enjoying 
a success which is the outcome of his own unaided efforts. At 
the present time, he is a railroad contractor and is also President 
of a marble quarry in Knoxville, Tennessee, which he owns and 
operates with great success. His life is a busy one but he is never 
too much occupied to keep an appointment. 

He is a Democrat and belongs to the Elks, the Cumberland 
Club and the Country Club. 

Mr. Thrasher was married at Newport, Giles County, Vir- 
ginia, January 1, 1886, to Lula Clark Price, daughter of David 
Price and Margaret Hammond Price of Newport, Virginia. They 
have three children : Maude Price, who married Captain James 
Everly Wilson, U. S. A., October 1910; Margaret, who married 
David Claig Gaut, December 11, 1909; and Henry Hammond, 
Junior. 

In both paternal and maternal lines, Mr. Thrasher is of Eng- 
lish descent. The family of Thrasher came originally from North 
Wiltshire, England, and for centuries lived at Bradford-on-Avon, 
where many of the name are buried in Holy Trinity Church. The 
Arms of the family are engraved on the floor of the chancel and 
on tiles on the communion steps in this church. There are few 
towns in Wiltshire more interesting than Bradford-on-Avon. Its 
situation is beautiful, lying at the eastern extremity of the valley 
of the Avon, and being shut in on the north and west by hills 
covered with vegetation, which contribute at once to its shelter 
and to its picturesque appearance. There is moreover a quaint 
look about its buildings, rising one above another in successive 
ranks upon the slope of the hill on the north side, that gives a 
peculiar character to the place. 

The name Thresher (Thrasher) appears in North Wiltshire 
as early as the fifteenth century, but a clear record of the family 
does not begin until the seventeenth century, when Arthur 
Thrasher, son of Israel Thrasher, married Mary Goodridge, April 
16, 1684. She was the daughter of Jeremiah Goodridge. They 
had one daughter, Dorothy, born February 4, 1692. 

Christopher Thrasher, brother of Arthur, was born in 1643 ; 
Israel was born September 15, 1648; Stephen Thrasher died un- 
married; Francis Milford Thrasher was a clothier in Bradford- 
on-Avon. He was born in 1686, and was probably a son of Chris- 
topher. Israel Thrasher, son of Christopher, married August 15, 
1676, Mary, daughter of Thomas Caswell. Their children were 
Mary, and Samuel who was married December 4, 1683, to Bertha 
Brooks. 

Edward Thrasher, son of Samuel Thrasher, died February 
18, 1725; John Thresher, son of Edward, died August 17, 1741. 



172 HENRY HAMMOND THRASHER 

In the Parish Church at Bradford, inscriptions, still legible, bear 
the names of Edward and John Thresher. 

This Parish Church at Bradford-on-Avon is dedicated to the 
Holy Trinity. The memorial of the holiday originally kept in 
observance of the dedication of the Church is still preserved in 
the annual fair, "holden in the Borough on the morrow after 
Trinity Sunday." The church building, taken as a whole, has no 
great pretentious to architectural excellence, being a strange and 
somewhat discordant mixture of every variety of style, yet its 
very antiquity makes it interesting. It is nearly eight hundred 
years since the original structure, much of which still remains, 
was erected. The additions, which from time to time have been 
made to it, seem to be a connecting link between the present and 
the past, and to tell, silently and not unimpressively, the tale of 
bygone generations, who slumber now within its walls, or beneath 
its shade, each of whom has left a memorial behind. 

Among the monuments erected in this church, to the memory 
of those who have passed and gone, is the Thresher monument, 
It is of marble and is very large, covering the whole of a Norman 
window on the north side of the chancel. It was erected by Ellen, 
relict of John Thresher. From a long Latin inscription, it is 
learned that Edward Thresher was a clothier in Bradford, and 
that he took particular interest in the well-being of the town and 
neighborhood; that on his decease, his son John Thresher, who 
had been previously educated for the bar, came to reside in Brad- 
ford, and giving up his professional pursuits, carried on in this 
town, the work of his father. 

Edward Thresher married Dionysia, daughter of Richard 
Long of Collingbourne, Kingston, Wiltshire. John Thrasher 
married Ellen, daughter of Henry Long of Melksham and his 
wife Ellen, sister and co-heir of John Trenchard of Cutteridge, 
Wiltshire. Ellen Thresher married Sir Bourchier Wray, a law- 
yer. They had two sons and two daughters. One daughter, 
Florentina, married Reverend Edward Henry Whitfield, resident 
of the Parish for many years. The other daughter, Ellen, mar- 
ried Richard Godolphin Long of Rood Ashton, Member of Parlia- 
ment for Wiltshire. 

That Edward Thresher was a philanthropist, there is no 
doubt, for many instances are found of his interest in those less 
fortunate than himself. Of record is the Threshers' Charity, 
founded by the will of Edward Thresher, bearing date of May 23, 
1721. The following extract explains the intentions of the donor: 

"I give and bequeath the sum of one hundred pounds to be 
distributed among the poor and impotent people of the Borough 
of Bradford, and Tything of Winsley ; which said sum I do hereby 
order, direct, and appoint to be paid by my executor hereinafter 
named, to the Vicar of Bradford for the time being, within one 



HENRY HAMMOND THRASHER 173 

month after my decease, to be by him, with the direction of my 
executor, disposed of to such and such number of the poor and 
impotent people within the Borough and Tything aforsaid, and 
in such manner as to them shall seem most meet and convenient, 
provided nevertheless, and so as the same or any part thereof, be 
not disposed of to such persons as usual and commonly receive 
the public alms of the Parish." 

Edward Thresher died on August 17, 1725. The Vicar for 
the time being the Keverend John Rogers, received the above sum 
of one hundred pounds and, during his lifetime, gave away the 
interest thereof in bread yearly. At his decease, the Keverend 
John Rogers, his son, did the same until his own death, when the 
charity was for a time discontinued. In the year 1778, his execu- 
tors paid over one hundred pounds to Mr. Daniel Chutterback, 
adding nine pounds for three years' interest. From a board in 
front of the gallery it appears that these gentlemen were accus- 
tomed to make the division yearly at Christmas in crowns and 
half crowns among the poor of the Parish. After the decease of 
the trustees, it was distributed by their widows. For a few years 
only part of the funds were given away. Successful investments 
raised the whole amount in 1737, to three hundred pounds stock. 
The dividends from time to time were distributed in clothing or 
blankets, and in bread and coal among the deserving poor of 
Bradford. 

The Threshers resided for many years at Chantry House, a 
manor built after the mode of the times. It is described thus: 
"The manor house is very large and well built, in the old Wilt- 
shire style so common in this neighborhood, with bold gables, 
ornamented freestone chimneys, and casement windows. In 
1830, most all of the old house was taken down (this was after it 
passed out of the Thresher family) and rebuilt, except the hall 
and some smaller portions. The rooms are paved with freestone 
lozenge, and wainscoated in dark carved oak." 

The Threshers were clothiers for many generations. The 
clothing trade flourished in Bradford-on-Avon as early as 1430, 
and 1465. It was favored by the rapid stream of water that 
traverses the Parish, admitting the erection of several fulling 
mills upon it. About a century back there was still much cloth 
made there, and the church contains several monuments to 
clothiers. 

In the diary of one Thomas Smith in 1722, a glimpse is given 
into the life of John Thresher. It reads thus : "By invitation I 
dined with brother Selfe, where among others was Mr. John 
Thresher. The young people danced and stayed until eleven. 

"Tuesday, January 2, Mr. John Thresher and others dined 
with us, all stayed until eleven, the young people danced and 
drank punch ; all went smoothly and parted in good humor. Mr. 



174 HENRY HAMMOND THRASHER 

John Thresher and two others remained all night. The others 
went home but Mr. Thresher spent the day with the family very 
gravely. He remained until Friday, his father having come from 
Bradford with a lawyer. They left Friday morning, January 5, 



"August 10, 1722, I met by appointment, several gentlemen, 
among them Mr. John Thresher and Sir James Long, a relative 
of Mr. Thresher. Some discourses we had of several mean per- 
sons being taken for conspiring against the government, but the 
chief talk was of accidental subjects. Most of the company tar- 
ried until after sunset. My brother having had venison sent him, 
made invitation for all to remain to supper. We all dined with 
him, and most part of the company tarried until after nine with- 
out disorder." 

This name is of distinctly English origin, and is derived from 
an occupation. Originally it was spelled Tasker, from task. A 
Tasker is a Thrasher, and the word occurs in that sense in the 
fifteenth century. 

The Hammond family, from which Henry Hammond Thrasher 
descends through his mother, has been represented in this coun- 
try since 1607 when Philip Hammond, son of William, came from 
County Kent and landed in Ann Arundel County, Maryland. 
His brother came later and settled in Jamestown, Virginia, in 
1608. William Hammond, the father, married Elizabeth Penn, 
sister of Admiral Sir William Penn, the Quaker. 

Keverend Mark Noble, the eminent English author says : 
"The ancient and knightly family of Hammonds were greatly 
divided in their religious and political opinions." In England 
there were Koundheads and Catholics. Many of the Cavaliers 
came to Virginia and Maryland. In the old country they were 
mostly agriculturists, but were families of wealth and gentility. 

The name Hammond with its many variations, is often found 
in ancient history. It is written Aman, Amann, Amon, Aminon, 
Haman, Hamant, Hammon, Hammons and later, almost univer- 
sally, Hammond. It appears among the very earliest surnames 
in England, where it was introduced at the time of the conquest. 
After the successful invasion of England, William, the Conqueror, 
caused an abbey to be erected on the battlefield at Hastings in 
honor of his victory over Harold, the last of the Saxon Kings. 
This is called Battle Abbey and in it was deposited the names of 
all the nobles and barons who came with him from Normandy. 
Among these names is that of Hamound, afterwards written 
Hammond. Among the many of his own kin who accompanied 
the Duke of Normandy on his invasion of England, were two 
brothers, sons or grandsons of Haman Dentatus. In the annals 
of the Conquest, no name is more frequently met with than that 
of "Haman." 



HENRY HAMMOND THRASHER 175 

A grant of half an acre of land was made to one Hammond, 
October 9, 1331, which is the earliest record of this name in 
County Kent. 

o 

The origin of the name may be found in Hammet, a town or 
house on an elevation ; in Haman, faithful ; or it may be derived 
from the Norman house of St. Amand. 

In her "Through Normandy," Katherine S. Mcquoid de- 
scribes the ancient fortress or castle of Hammon which is still 
in existence. 

A man of high standards is Henry Hammond Thrasher, 
bearer of two honorable names of ancient English families. 

Well worth noting is his motto for success: "Always deal 
honestly and fairly with your fellow man, work hard and give 
close attention to business, never misrepresent facts, and always 
keep your word." 



CLIFTON McKINNEY WALKER 

IN England the generally accepted explanation of the name 
"Walker" is in the fact that prior to modern weaving meth- 
ods, cloth had to be trodden or walked on to shrink it to 

required length and breadth. Even as late as 1857 in the 
north of England a fulling-mill was still called a walk-mill. So 
that the presumption is that Walker is one of the trade names. 

In languages closely akin to the English, the word is found 
in forms resembling or suggesting the English word. In Nor- 
wegian, there is "Valka," meaning a foreigner, in Dutch, "Wal- 
kart," Walker; in Flemish, W T alckiers, and in German, "Walke," 
Walker. In Anglo-Saxon, there is the name, Walcher, Wealhers, 
or Walcere, meaning a "walker of cloth." The Wealceringas 
were a Saxon tribe who lived in England long before the com- 
ing of the Norman conquerors. 

From Saxon times to the present, the Walkers have been 
numerous and have numbered among their ranks, wherever they 
are found, many prominent people. Early in the fifteenth 
centurv the name of a "Joh'i Walkar" is recorded in the treas- 

/ 

urer's book of an old English monastery. At later dates in the 
same century, the names of William Walker and Henrico Walkar 
are recorded as those who had rendered service to the institution. 
In the records of 1536-7, the name of another "Joh'i Walker" is 
found, and under date of December 17, 1544, there is record of 
the payment to one "William Walkar and a James Person for 
serchying and mendyng of the cowndeth." The accounts of 1569- 
70 show there was "payd to Willelmo Walker for settyng up ye 
paschall and takying down the same" the sum of six shillings and 
eight pence. Parish registers of many old England Counties 
show the Walkers to have been numerous in the early part of the 
sixteenth century. Many high offices were held by them, some 
being prominent in the Courts of Exchange and Common Pleas, 
while others were notable as authors. In the sixteenth century 
lived Sir Thomas Walker, a Hereditarv Usher of the Court of 

/ e> 

Exchange, Marshal and Barrier of the Court of Common Pleas 
until his death in 1613. He was a large subscriber to the Vir- 
ginia Company of London. England's colonial possessions in the 
New World then offered to the English nobility possibilities for 
enrichment to those who were able to build merchant ships and 
could supply younger sons fitted to command them. 

The story of Captain Thomas Walker of a prominent English 

[176] 



CLIFTON MC KIXNEY WALKER 179 

family is full of adventure and romance. His wife was Margaret 
McClellau, one of the most beautiful women of her time, whose 
ancestors, the Bombies, were well known in Scotland as early as 
the twelfth century. Captain Walker commanded his own mer- 
chant ship which sailed between the West Indies and the British 
Isles. On one of his return voyages his ship was attacked by 
pirates, and Captain Walker was slain and his body thrown into 
the sea. His delicate wife did not long survive him, and the 
eldest of their four young children, himself but a lad, assumed 
the guardianship of the younger three and they started for 
America. They reached Philadelphia, where the young head of 
the house secured a good position with a bank, with which he 
remained affiliated as long as he lived, and the younger ones 
went to school at Emmetsburg, Maryland. 

Two prominent English Walkers of the seventeenth century 
were, Clement of Dorsetshire, and Sir Edward of Somersetshire. 
The former was a member of Parliament, whose forcible, out- 
spoken arraignment of the period in his "History of Indepen- 
dence," which appeared in 1648, earned for its writer a prolonged 
residence in the Tower, terminated by his death in 1677. The 
latter was well known as a royalist historian, and for his ability 
and loyalty was given the positions of Secretary and Clerk~ Ex- 
traordinary of the Privy Council in 1676. He was also Knight of 
the Garter and King at Arms. Among English nobility from 
early times to the present there have been several heads of the 
family of Walker. 

From about the time of the Jamestown settlement onward 
colonial records show that many of these Walkers came to the 
New World. On nearly every ship bound for this country was 
one or more of them. The records of 1622-3 show that there died 
at James City "out of the ship called 'Furtherance' " John 
Walker, and about the same time, Kichard Walker died at James 
City. Koger Walker embarked for Virginia in the "George," 
having stood test as to his loyalty to King and Church. In 1623, 
William Walker was living at "ye colledg land" in Virginia. 

From Staffordshire, England, there came to Virginia in 1650 
Captain Thomas Walker, a scion of the English nobility, and a 
descendant of Sir Thomas Walker, who had represented Exeter 
in Parliament in the time of Charles I. Captain Thomas Walker 
settled in Gloucester County, Virginia, and at once took an active 
part in Colonial affairs, becoming a member of the Colonial As- 
sembly in 1663, and again in 1666, in which year he was referred 
to as a Captain and Major. There is reason to believe that 
Thomas Walker who lived in King and Queen County, Virginia, 
in the early part of the following century, was his grandson. This 
Thomas Walker was married at St. Clement's Church, King and 
Queen County. He was the father of three children, Mary, John, 



ISO CLIFTON MC KIXNEY \VALKBR 

and Thomas. The last named became famous as Doctor Thomas 
Walker, said to have been one of the most remarkable men of his 
day. He was born in King and Queen County, Virginia, January 
U3, 1715, was educated at William and Mary College, and married 
the widow, Mildred Meriwether, who brought to him the magnifi- 
cent estate of Castle Hill, a plantation of some eleven thousand 
acres in the heart of rich Albemarle County. It was about 1740 
that he became master of Castle Hill and proceeded to practice 
his profession, but the life of a country doctor did not entirely 
satisfy his restless, ardent nature. As leader of an exploring 
expedition which entered Kentucky about 1750 he is said to have 
been the first Avhite man ever to set foot in that State, having 
anticipated even Daniel Becone. The names, Walker's mountain, 
and Walker's Creek, on the confines of Giles and Tulaski Coun- 
ties, testify to his activity as an explorer. During Braddock's 
campaign he was commissary of the Virginia troops. He as- 
sisted in fixing the boundaries between Virginia and North 
Carolina, and had a part in establishing the new County seat of 
Charlottesville. 

Monticello, the home of Jefferson, was in the neighborhood 
of Castle Hill. During the Revolution, Tarleton, the British 
Officer, with his soldiers, set out to capture Jefferson at Monti- 
cello. They stopped for breakfast at Castle Hill, and the raven- 
ous soldiers raided the kitchen and carried off the provisions 
faster than the cook could prepare them. Their conduct was 
reported to their commander, who also learned that they had been 
breaking into the stables and taking out the horses. For these 
misdemeanors he ordered them to be severely punished. By these 
delays at Castle Hill, Jefferson had an opportunity to make good 
his escape. 

Later, Doctor Thomas Walker's son, John, desiring to 
espouse Elizabeth Moore, daughter of Colonel Bernard Moore 
of King William County, he, according to the old-time etiquette, 
informed his father of his intention to pay his addresses to the 
maiden. Accordingly, also in conformance with the custom, his 
father wrote a letter to the young lady's father, informing him 
of the matter and stating that if the young man's intentions were 
agreeable to Elizabeth, he, Doctor Walker, would pay for their 
support "in case of a union," one thousand pounds to be paid in 
1765, one thousand in 1766; and another sum later. To which, 
Colonel Moore replied that he himself would give to his son-in- 
law five hundred pounds the next spring, and five hundred pounds 
more as soon as he could raise or obtain the monev. 

*/ 

Doctor Thomas Walker died November 9, 1794, and was sur- 
vived by his sons, John, Thomas and Francis, and by several 
daughters. John, who had been an Aide to Washington, was 
consecutively Commonwealth's Attorney, Member of the House 



CLIFTON MC KINNEY WALKER 181 

of Burgesses, and United States Senator. He resided at Belvoir, 
the old home of Kobert. He was survived by one daughter. 
Thomas, who was Captain in the Revolution, lived on the planta- 
tion, "Indian Fields." He had several daughters and sons who 
died young; but one son, Captain Meriwether Walker, reached 
maturity, married about 1817, and had male issue. Francis, who 
succeeded his father at Castle Hill, was County Magistrate, Colo- 
nel in the Army, member of the House of Delegates, and a repre- 
sentative in Congress. He was survived by two daughters. 

Besides the family of Doctor Walker, other Walker families 

t> / 

became well-seated and well-known in various parts of Virginia 
long prior to the Revolution. They w^ere also found in North 
Carolina in colonial times. In October, 1765, an Act was passed, 
appointing Commissioners to examine the accounts of the Vir- 
ginia Militia, and in the list of those appointed from the Coun- 
ties of Frederick, Hampshire, Culpeper, Loudoun, Fauquier, and 
Prince William, is the name of a Thomas Walker, whose home 
must have been somewhere in northern Virginia. 

Some time during the eighteenth century, Robert Walker 
of Scotland came to America, with his two brothers, and settled 
in Virginia. This Robert Walker worshiped at an old church 
in the Bristol Parish, and about 1745, married Elizabeth Stark, 
whose mother was a Boiling. To them were born ten children, 
and their descendants were widely scattered throughout Virginia 
and elsewhere. 

About 1780 James Walker came to America to "spy out the 
land" and visit his brother, Major John Walker, who had already 
settled in Wilmington, North Carolina, where he was instru- 
mental in starting the first bank of that place. During the Revo- 
lution, at his own expense, he raised a company for the defense 
of the colonies. Other brothers of Major John Walker were 
Doctor Edward, Thomas, George and William. James Walker 
went back to England, probably intending to bring his family, 
but died on the voyage. Later, his widow came to America with 
her son, Charleton, born at Wooler, Northumberland, England. 
Charleton Walker became a resident of Walker's Hill, Chatham 
County, North Carolina, and was made collector of the port of 
Wilmington in 1812. His wife was Maria Moseley of Virginia, 
and his son, John Moseley Walker, was Captain in the Confed- 
erate Army. 

From the Walkers of America have come manv of our nota- 

* 

ble men, including statesmen, soldiers, political economists, 
jurists, journalists, financiers, artists, and educators, one of the 
latter being a President of Harvard University. Among eminent 
clergymen were the first Bishop of North Dakota, who was the 
one hundred and thirty-third in the succession of the American 
Episcopate, and Jesse Walker, missionary, born in North Caro- 



182 CLIFTON .MCKINXKY WALKKK 

lina in 1700, who gave the best part of his life to work in Cook 
County, Illinois. Among State Governors, a prominent place 
must be given to Henderson Walker, who was born in North 
Carolina in 1(J(JO, near the town of Edenton, and died in the same 
neighborhood April 14, 1704. Under his rule, Bancroft says, "The 
inhabitants multiplied and spread in the enjoyment of peace and 
liberty," while England was suffering from wars. The stone that 
marks his resting place bears testimony that under his leadership 
the State enjoyed "tranquility." Another State Governor was 
Gilbert C. Walker, a native of New York State, who became a 
resident of Virginia, and later its Governor. Our National Legis- 
lature has had among its members, William Walker, Senator 
from Georgia; Senator George Walker of Kentucky; Isaac P. 
Walker, Virginian by birth, who became Senator from Wiscon- 
sin; Daniel Walker, a native Kentuckian, who became Senator 
from Arkansas; John Williams W r alker, a native of Virginia, 
and United States Senator from Alabama. Congressman Walker 
of North Carolina was a relative of Doctor Clifton McKinney 
Walker. 

Doctor Walker's second name is in honor of his paternal 
ancestors, the McKinneys, who were a sept of clan Mackinnon, 
a lowland Scotch family. 

t/ 

Doctor Walker's ancestor was Thomas McKinney, who came 
from Scotland, some time prior to the Kevolution and settled, in 
Virginia, w r hence his family later removed to North Carolina. 
In 1790 there w^ere living in Virginia three by the name of James 
McKinney and their families, one in Mecklenburg County, one in 
Monongalia County, and one family in Halifax County; but, at 
that date, the McKinneys were much more numerous, in North 
Carolina, there being more than a dozen families of them, besides 
families who spelled their name, "Me" or "Mackenney." 

The McKinney family included many men of prominence in 
various walks of life. The Doctor McKinney w T ho settled in 
Mississippi, near Holly Springs, was a relative of Doctor Clifton 
McKinney Walker. 

Doctor Walker's mother was Mary Elizabeth Hall, whose 
family had for several generations been residents of South Caro- 
lina. Her father was Zachariah Hall, the son of a Revolutionary 
veteran, w T ho was probably the Zachariah Hall w T ho was living in 
Caruden District, Fair-field County, South Carolina, at the time 
of the 1790 census. 

Like the Walkers, the Halls are an old and renowned family. 

t/ 

The origin of their name has been variously given. In Saxon, 
"healh" means a slope. Thus the place, Rushall, in Yorkshire, 
means the rushy slope. Hall is also derived from the Latin aula, 
and there is a Scandinavian name, Hallr, which, on reaching 
England, shed its "r." Hall is also said to be a corruption of 



CLIFTON MC K1NNEY WALKER 183 

Henry, along with the names, Harrison, Harris, and some others. 
In old English it is sometimes spelled "Halle." Its present spell- 
ing was found, however, early in the fifteenth century, in the 
names Kichard Hall, of Newcastle, and Clement Hall. Heraldic 
visitations show many Halls among the nobility, both in past and 
present days. Among eminent Halls have been Arthur, English 
politician and author, living in 1571, Anthony, English scholar 
living in the year 1583, another Anthony, English editor, (1629- 
1723) and Gordon Hall, first American missionary to Bombay, 
and author (1784-1826). Among prominent American Halls, 
there are Dominick Augustine Hall, jurist and judge of Louisi- 
ana; John Hall, jurist, born at Waynesboro, Virginia, in 1767, 
who died at Warrenton, North Carolina, January 29, 1833 ; Rob- 
ert Pleasants Hall, lawyer, born in Chester District, South Caro- 
lina, December 23, 1825, who died at Macon, Georgia. Also there 
was William Hall, soldier, born in Virginia in 1774, who died in 
Tennessee, in 1856. Many Halls have won renown as journalists, 
authors, educators, physicians, Congressmen, State Governors 
and scientists. One was a signer of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence, and one an Arctic explorer. 

Among the various immigrants and early settlers who came 
to Virginia and w r ere known to have lived there from the time of 
the Jamestown Settlement onward, there were many Halls, scat- 
tered about "in the maine," at Elizabeth City, "James Island," 
James City, and on the Eastern shore. 

In Bristol Parish, Virginia, a Hall was vestryman, and wor- 
shiped at the venerable church of Blandford. Elisha Hall was 
a vestryman in St. George's Parish, Spotsylvania County, Vir- 
ginia, during the latter part of the eighteenth century. Within 
the same period William Hall was vestryman in Stratton Major 
Parish, King and Queen County and King William County. 
Among the early clergy of Virginia the name of Hall is frequently 
found. Reverend John Hall was minister in 1777 in the parish 
of St. James, Goochland County, Virginia. A Clement Hall was 
missionary in North Carolina, chiefly in Chowan County. In 
the course of three weeks he preached sixteen times, baptized 
over four hundred children and twenty adults, and in eight years 
had journeyed about fourteen thousand miles, preached nearly 
seven hundred sermons, baptized more than six thousand, among 
them, Indians and negroes. Except for illness his work ceased 
not for a day. Probably he was the Clement Hall, Captain in the 
Second North Carolina Continental Infantry, who was admitted 
to the Society of the Cincinnati, for North Carolina, October 23, 
1783. 

In Prince George's County, Virginia, a family of Halls lived 
during the eighteenth century. There appeared in a Virginia 
Gazette of the year 1739, an advertisement for a silver snuff box 



184 CLIFTON MCKIXXKV WALKKU 

which had been lost, and which is described as having thereon for 
coat-of-arms, three tigers' heads, and for a crest, a lion rampant. 
These were the arms of Thomas Hall, believed to be a grandson 
of Thomas Hall, clerk of New Kent Comity, who died in 1676. 

In the year 1851', John Walker, the grandfather of Doctor 
Clifton McKinney Walker, with his family, moved into Rickens, 
now Oconee, Comity, South Carolina. Here one of the sons of 
the family, Osmond Irving Walker, married Mary Elizabeth 
Hall, and became a farmer. During the Civil War, Osmond 
Irving Walker was a soldier in the Confederate Army, as were 
also his brothers, his brothers-in-law, and his mother's brothers. 
His father was a member of Company E. S. C. Rifles, and was 
transferred to General Stonewall Jackson's Brigade. His mater- 
nal uncles were in the same command. 

On May 25, 1866, there was born, in the County of Ocouee, 
South Carolina, to Osmond Irving Walker and his wife, Mary 
Elizabeth Walker (nee Hall), a son, Clifton McKinney Walker, 
the principal subject of this sketch. The boy spent his childhood 
amidst comfortable home surroundings, and grew to manhood 
under refining and ennobling influences. He received his pre- 
liminary education in the excellent public schools of the County 
of Oconee, where his parents continued to reside. There also, 
after deciding on his future profession, he was prepared for 
entrance to college. He received his professional education at 
Atlanta, Georgia, and, after diligent study, successfully gradu- 
ated from the Atlanta Medical College in the year 1891. After 
his graduation, he returned to his native State, where he entered 
into active medical practice at the town of Westminster, in Oco- 
nee County. To the practice of his profession, and to study along 
its lines, he has unremittingly devoted his time and attention, 
although he finds some opportunity to take an active interest in 
farming, for which he has a natural taste. 

As a man of known integrity and ability, he has acquired a 
position of prominence in the business life of his community, 
and is known as one who can be relied on to render efficient serv- 
ice in the public welfare. One of the leading business enterprises 
of the thriving town of Westminster is the Westminster Shuttle 
Works, Incorporated, and with this concern, Doctor Walker is 
actively identified, having been elected to the office of President 
of said Company. 

Deeply interested in public hygiene and sanitation, in the 
practice of his profession Doctor Walker has worked along in 
lines broad and helpful to the community, and his work is justly 
recognized by his election to the Chairmanship of the Board of 
Health of Westminster, South Carolina. Previous to this 
appointment on the Board of Health, he had rendered service to 
his home city in the office of Alderman, and later as Mayor, which 



CLIFTON MC KINNEY WALKER 185 

offices he filled with unusual ability, and was well known as an 
enthusiastic and disinterested worker for the public good and for 
the betterment of Westminster. 

From the time he cast his first vote, and even before that, 
to the present, Doctor Walker has always taken a keen interest in 
politics. He is a loyal Democrat, patriotic and statesmanlike in 
all questions, whether affecting solely his County or State, or 
matters of larger national importance. His membership on the 
Democratic Executive Committee of the State of South Carolina 
has been a natural sequence of his faithful services to his party. 

In his early manhood, Doctor Walker became identified with 
the local Masonic lodge, and rapidly rose to high rank and posi- 
tions of prominence and usefulness in the order. He holds the 
rank of Master Mason, having been for ten years the Master of a 
Westminster Lodge. He has also been closely identified with the 
activities of the well known and popular Order of the Shriners, 
of which organization he is a member. He is a member, also, of 
the famous Order of the Knights of Pythias, and takes a promi- 
nent part in its affairs. 

Doctor Walker, as a public-spirited man and an ambitious 
physician, is interested in all organized work for public health 
and human uplift outside of his own home neighborhood. As a 
member of the Oconee Medical Society, he keeps in close touch 
with his colleagues in that County, from whom he is ever ready 
to learn new and useful things, while by his helpful advice, born 
of his rich and varied experience as a practitioner, he contributes 
valuable suggestions in his association with his brother-physi- 
cians, who hold his counsel in high esteem. As a member of the 
Medical Association of the State of South Carolina, he has taken 
an active part in pushing forward those sanitary reforms in that 
State, which have attracted interest in other sections of the coun- 
try. Doctor Walker is a member of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation, and is keenly and actively interested in the progress of 
this organization which binds together all the practitioners of 
the noble art of healing into one great brotherhood. 

Although much of Doctor Walker's reading is, quite natur- 
ally, along the lines of his profession, yet in rare leisure hours 
when he feels free to seek recreation and relaxation, he turns for 
pure pleasure and with eager interest to perusal of books of his- 
tory and biographies of the great and noble and from such com- 
munion with master minds, returns to his daily tasks, rested and 
refreshed. 

In 1903, he took another trip into Georgia, to which State he 
already owed much, in that it was within her boundaries he had 
spent many happy and profitable hours as a young student in 
preparing himself for his profession, and to which he was about 
to contract a debt which should increase with the passing of the 



186 CLIFTON MC KINXEY WALKER 

years, for one of Georgia's fair daughters was to become his bride. 
In the beautiful towu of Athens, October 20, he was united in 
marriage to Isabella Groves Turner, who, although for some time 
a resident of Athens, where she was well known and beloved by 
many friends, was a native of Toccoa, Georgia, at which place 
she was born August 21, 1881. Her father was William Walton 
Turner, an esteemed resident of that community, and her mother 
had been, before her marriage, Miss Henrietta Lucas Woods. 

Doctor Walker returned with his wife to Oconee County, 

*/ / 

South Carolina, where they have continued to reside to the pres- 
ent time. Their home is one of comfort and happiness, and is 
brightened by the presence of their two children, Mary Frances 
Walker and Isabella McKinnev Walker. 



JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS 

JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS, Bachelor of Science, Doc- 
tor of Medicine and Fellow of the American College of 
Surgeons, was born in Leasburg, Caswell County, North 

Carolina, May 22, 1871. Though a comparatively young 
man, Doctor Williams has already risen to prominence in his 
profession. He graduated in medicine at the University of Vir- 
ginia in 1895. He had previously (1888-1892) read therapeutics 
and taken a post-graduate course in chemistry at Wake Forest 
College, entering that institution at the age of seventeen and 
graduating immediately after he had attained his majority. His 
earlier education was received in Leasburg, the public schools of 
Caswell County and under the tutorship of Miss Emma Bayne. 
While his training has been scientific, his course of reading has 
been general and diversified. 

After graduation he served as Interne in the New York Poly- 
clinic Hospital till the fall of 1897, when he located in Roxboro, 
the county seat of Person, for the practice of surgery and medi- 
cine. In June 1898 he formed a co-partnership with Doctor J. C. 
Walton in the management of a private hospital in Reidsville, 
which drew an extensive patronage, both surgical and general. 
Doctor Williams was health officer of Reidsville for eight years. 
From thence he went to Greensboro in 1906, since which time he 
has devoted himself to the practice of surgery exclusively. He 
has established a large private practice, besides which, he is vis- 
iting surgeon of St. Leo's hospital. For a time, also, he was 
Surgeon of the Southern Railway, and is ex-President of the 
Rockingham County Medical Society. He is now a member of 
the following societies : the North Carolina Medical, the Tri-State 
Medical, the Southern Medical, the American Medical and the 
Guilford County Medical ; of the last-named organization he was 
formerly President. Many papers on medical and surgical sub- 
jects, of Doctor Williams' authorship, are to be found in the 
Transactions of the North Carolina Medical Society and those 
of the Tri-State Medical Society. Transcripts of them have also 
appeared in the Charlotte Medical Journal and in the Virginia 
Semi-Monthly Medical Journal. As an attest of his popularity 
and standing among his fellows he was made President of the 
Greensboro Chapter, University of Virginia alumni, 1915 and 
1916 ; President of the Greensboro Merchants' and Manufacturers' 
Club, and Vice-President of the local Country Club; which 

[189] 



190 JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS 

honors have come to him unsolicited. Doctor Williams dislikes 
publicity. He is devoted to his professional duties, does much to 
alleviate the sufferings of his fellow men and at least twenty- 
five to forty per cent, of his surgical work is performed without 
remuneration. He believes that organization, supplemented by 
earnest study and hard work, is necessary to the fullest success 
in any line of endeavor. As a surgeon, with the aid of two as- 
sistants and a nurse in his private practice, he is meeting the 
demands upon his skill with great success, happy in the realiza- 
tion that he is "doing something for humanity. 7 ' 

In politics he has always been a Democrat, having cast his 
first vote for Cleveland in 1892. He is a member of the Wake 
Forest Baptist Church. 

Dr. Williams was married, December 3, 1908 to Miss Susan 
Keece, the daughter of Joseph M. and Alice M. Keece. Their chil- 
dren are Frances Keece Williams, aged seven years, and Kath- 
erine Williams, aged two and a half years. 

Doctor Williams' progenitors were of Eevolutionary stock, 
long-lived and extensively patriotic. In the famous conflict 
"which tried men's souls" Virginia and the Carolinas furnished 
sixteen soldier-patriots of the same name, William Williams. Of 
the descendants of the traditional "three brothers" named Wil- 
liams who emigrated to the American Colonies prior to the Revo- 
lutionary period, settling in Virginia and North Carolina, those 
in Person County are no less distinguished for patriotism and 
eminent citizenship. 

Among those in North Carolina who were well known in 
medicine and surgery during the early days was Doctor Robert 
Williams, who lived and died in Pitt County. In the Revolution- 
ary War he was distinguished as a skilful surgeon, serving in that 
capacity on the side of the Colonists throughout the struggle. He 
died November 12, 1842, at the age of eighty-three years. An- 
other was Doctor Alexander Williams, who married Catherine 
Dixon, only daughter of Colonel William Dixon. Colonel Dixon 
was the first postmaster of Greenville and was appointed in 1782. 
The opening year of the nineteenth century found Anderson, 
Marmaduke, Nathan, Henry, Crafton, Isaac, James M., John and 
William living in Caswell County, North Carolina, from which 
County Person was formed in 1791. At the same period (1800) 
the family was represented in the Hillsboro district of Person 
County by Abner, Bennett, John, Ralph, Thomas, Tobias and 
Gary. Of these, Colonel Gary Williams, commanding the local 
muster organization, was the father of the William Williams who 
married Nancy Pulliam, and was the grandfather of Dr. Wil- 
liams. Nancy was a daughter of Bird and Susan Pulliam of 
Hillsboro district and was born about 1799. Bird was locally 
identified with the Revolutionary patriot, Richard Pulliam of 



JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS 191 

Mowb ray's grenadiers, who was a native of Lunenburg County, 
Virginia ; but their degree of consanguinity has not been traced. 
The Pulliams were represented in Person County early in the 
century by Jaines and John W., and later by Richard the patriot, 
who removed there from Mecklenburg County, Virginia. 

William was recorded as "Will" Williams, to distinguish 
him from others of the same name in Person County. This whim- 
sical manner of recording given names in their abbreviated form 
is still apparent in the family records. "Will" was born in Vir- 
ginia about 1786. His parents, Gary and Viney (Lavinia?) Wil- 
liams, however, settled in the Hillsboro district of Person County 
at an early day. They bad at least five sons. 

Of the marital union of William and Nancy was born Doctor 
Williams' father, James Pulliam Williams, in Person County, in 
1832. He was a tobacco farmer and manufacturer, a Methodist 
and an earnest Christian gentleman. He is recorded as having 
enlisted March 1, 1862, in Company I, Forty-fifth regiment, 
North Carolina troops. He lost two brothers on the field of Get- 
tysburg. He had married Catherine Scott Woods, who was born 
near Prospect Hill in 1837. Her father was Andy M. Woods, a 
prosperous tobacco planter of Caswell County and, before the 
ruinous struggle between the States, the proprietor of many acres 
and numerous slaves. In 1860 his wealth was officially rated at 
seventy thousand dollars, of which fifty thousand was in personal, 
property a considerable fortune in the days when wealth was 
the rule rather than the exception among Southerners. Andy M. 
and Judith Minerva Woods were the parents of Sarah F., Cath- 
arine S., Ann, James Monroe, and Ella. This only brother of 
Catharine was a Confederate soldier. Although but fourteen 
years of age, he marched with the Leasburg Grays, which formed 
part of the Thirteenth North Carolina regiment, and was killed 
at Chancellor sville, at sunrise of the same day that General Jack- 
son received his mortal wound Sunday, May 3, 1863. He was 
then but seventeen years of age. The mother of Catharine Scott 
Woods was Judith Minerva Richmond, but was known to her fam- 
ily as "Minerva" Richmond. Catharine's maternal grandmother 
was Judith Clay, first cousin of Henry Clav. She was always 
called "Judy." 

James Pulliam Williams died in Hightower township De- 
cember 27, 1882, at the age of forty-eight years, leaving a widow 
and young children : William Kinchen, born 1866, John Alexan- 
der, born 1871, and James Monroe, born 1874. Mrs. Williams at 
the time 01 her bereavement was the only surviving child of her 
aged father. Prompted by a strong filial devotion, the following 
year she removed to her father's old home near Prospect Hill, 
taking with her her three young sons, where she ministered to 
him as only one of her gentle Christian virtues could minister. 



192 JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS 

The years of Andrew M. Woods, nearly approached the century 
mark. He lived to the ripe age of ninety-seven, having been born 
about the year 1802. 

Mrs. Williams died April 30, 1913, at the age of seventy-six 
years. She was a member of the Baptist Church. "A better wife, 
a better mother, a sweeter Christian, never lived" -is the tribute 
paid her memory by her second son, from whose home in Greens- 
boro she passed to her eternal reward. Her children survive her. 
W. K. Williams and J. M. Williams are living in Caswell County, 
while Doctor Williams, as has been stated before, resides in 
( Ireensboro. 

Judy Clay, the maternal great-grandmother of Dr. Williams, 
was the" daughter of Edward Clay, Senior, of Person County, 
where Judy was born about 1780. He was the only paternal uncle 
of the illustrious Kentuckian, and a neighbor of Colonel Gary 
Williams. Judy's declining years were spent in Leasbnrg with 
her son, Doctor Stephen F. Richmond. She lived beyond the age 
of ninety. 

Edward Clay was the brother of Reverend John Clay, father 
of Henry Clay the orator. Although by paternal bequest, in 1762 
Edward became owner of certain slaves and two hundred acres 
of land on Dumplin Creek, in Chesterfield County, Virginia, his 
father, who in his last will describes himself as "John Clay of 
Dale parish," having died that year, he is recorded among the 
heads of families and slave owners in Person County, North Caro- 
lina, in 1810. The family later moved to Alabama, but some of 
Edward's descendants now live in Charlotte County, Virginia. 
Born in the Old Dominion, he married Magdalene Trabue, a mem- 
ber of the old French-Protestant colony there. Their ten children 
were: John, Samuel, Martha, James, Francis, Mary. Phrebe, Ed- 
ward, Jr., Sarah, and Judith who married John Richmond. 
Though the records differ, it is probable that Judy was the sixth 
child. 

Magdalene Trabue was the daughter of John James and Olym- 
pia (Dupuy) Trabue. Her father was a son of Antoine or Anthony 
Trabue, a Huguenot refugee who with a companion fled from 
France to England in 1687. An interesting sketch of Anthony 
Trabue's escape, as written by his grandson, Daniel Trabue, ap- 
peared in the Richmond Standard of May 10-17, 1870. Mr. A. E. 
Trabue of Hannibal, Missouri, was in possession, in 1886, of the 
original certificate of vellum, given his ancestor by the ministers 
and civil officers of Lausanne July 15, 1687. Anthony Trabue 
died in the Huguenot settlement of Manakin-Town (now Man- 
quin), King William County, Virginia, in January, 1724, aged 
fifty-six or fifty-seven years. He left three sons, Anthony, Jr., 
Jacob, and John James who married Olympia, granddaughter of 
John James and Susanna (Lavillon) Dupuy. The latter were the 



JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS 193 

maternal great-grandparents of Judy Clay, and the maternal great- 
grandparents of Doctor Williams in the eighth generation. The 
name of Trabue has occasionally been written Trabut, but it 
does not so appear on the early parish records of Manakin-Town. 
The descendants of Antoine in several generations have been 
skilful land surveyors. There is a tradition in the family that the 
French Trabues were of the landed gentry perhaps of a noble 
line and that, by fleeing the country, their ancestors renounced 
a goodly estate. 

William Richmond, Senior ("Captain Billy") was the father 
of John Richmond who was born in Caswell County, about 1775, 
and became the husband of Judy Clay. "Captain Billy" was, by 
family tradition, a Revolutionary patriot, born about 1750, who 
survived the war more than half a century, dying in the decade 
between 1830 and 1840. His last days were spent with his 
younger brother John. "Billy" married Agnes Saunders, a sister 
of Lieutenant William Saunders, and was the father of three 
girls and five boys. Polly, married a Kerry; Sallie married a 
Rice; Ann, an invalid, died single; Adams married first Sallie 
Jones, second Martha Allen ; Billie married Peggy Woods ; Tom, 
a mute, died single (accidentally shot by a negro playing with a 
gun) ; Daniel married a Corner; John married Judy Clay (eleven 
children, ten of whom are mentioned here: Edward Clay, died 
single ; Madison, married a Darneroii ; William Saunders, died 
single; Agnes Saunders, died single; Lea, married a Davis; Min- 
erva J., married Andy M. Woods; Henry A., married Elizabeth 
Evans; Fannie, married Green Woods; Dr. Stephen F., married 
Ann Gunu; Sallie L., married Doctor Sims.) 

Captain Billy settled near Yanceyville, the county seat of 
Caswell. He is described as having been "a strong man, a good 
Christian and a faithful soldier." In his latter days he was wont 
to express the desire that he might be spared to his motherless 
and afflicted daughter Annie, that she might not be left behind 
to the indifferent mercy of a selfish world. After her demise he 
was avowedly "ready for the summons." 

His wife, Agnes Saunders Richmond was a cousin of Honor- 
able Romulus Mitchell Saunders, who was a minister plenipoten- 
tiary to Spain from 1846 to 1849. Of him the historian Wheeler, 
his colleague in the settlement of the French Spoliation Claims, 



Wheeler's Hist'l Sketches of Xorth Carolina. Vol. 2, pp. 79- 
80, (851 ed.). 

"Hon. Romulus Mitchell Saunders was born in Caswell 
County, in March, 1791; son of William Saunders, an officer of 
the Revolution. He was educated at Hvco and Caswell Academv, 

t/ t^ / 

and was two vears at the Universitv. Studied law with Hon. 

t> / 

Hughes Lawson White, of Tennessee, and was licensed to prac- 



194 JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS 

tice in that State in 1812. He returned to North Carolina, was 
elected to the House of Commons, 1815 to 1820, and was Speaker 
of the House in 1819 and 1820. 

"In 1821 he was elected member of Congress, and served 
until 1827. 

"The demands of a young and rising family requiring his at- 
tention to his profession, he was not a candidate for re-election, 
but turned his whole time and attention to his profession. In 
1828, he was elected Attorney-General of the State. In 1833, he 
was appointed by the President one of the Board of Commission- 
ers to decide and allot the amounts due citizens of the United 
States for injuries by France, as settled by Treaty of 4th of July, 
1831. Such were the patient and laborious habits of General 
Saunders, the acumen of his intellect and the clearness of his 
decisions, that he won for himself the respect and esteem of all 
in this arduous duty. 

"In 1835, he was elected by the Legislature Judge of the Su- 
perior Courts, which office he resigned in 1840, on being nomi- 
nated as Democratic candidate for Governor. In this fight he 
was defeated by John M. Morehead. In 1841 he was again elected 
to Congress, and served until 1845. 

"In 1846, he was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Min- 
ister Plenipotentiary from the United States to Spain, where he 
remained until 1849, when he was recalled at his own request. 

"He returned home in October, 1849. As an evidence of the 
confidence of his country while abroad, and the respect of the 
President, he was intrusted with a special commission to nego- 
tiate on the subject of Cuba, then the object of much interest to 
the country. 

"In 1850, he was elected a member of the House of Commons 
from Wake County. 

"He took a decided and active part in the Railroad improve- 
ments of the State, and by his ardor and ability contributed much 
to their success. His character is worthy of the State, and his 
services have contributed to her elevation and honor." 

He again became Judge of the Superior Courts, which office 
he held up to the time of his death, April 21, 1867. He was twice 
married. By his second marriage, with a daughter of Judge Wil- 
liam Johnson of the Supreme Court of the United States, he left 
a son and two daughters. 

The Wake County family of Saunders was established in 
Lancaster County, Virginia, two hundred and fifty years ago. 
The father of Romulus was William Saunders, who married a 
Miss Adams. William was an officer of the American Revolution, 
born between 1750 and '60. 

Agnes Saunders, sister of Lieutenant Saunders, married 
"Captain Billy" Richmond, already referred to. 



JOHN ALEXANDER WILLIAMS 195 

Among Revolutionary War pensioners was one William Rich- 
mond, Senior, born in Pennsylvania in 1752, who removed to 
Botetourt County, Virginia, the first year of the war for inde- 
pendence, and served in Captain Matthew Arbuckle's company in 
the Virginia line; he afterward settled in Greenbrier County 
where he was living in 1835. His discharge is said to have been 
destroyed by a stepson, so that it would appear that this William 
Richmond married a widow. 

Another sister of Lieutenant Saunders, Keziah, born about 
1755, married Major Thomas Donoho. In Keziah's Bible, in the 
handwriting of her brother-in-law, William Donoho, is the follow- 
ing record of her children : "Betsy Donoho, born the 2d day of 
September, 1775 (married John Wadlington, a lieutenant in the 
Supernumerary Regiment of Virginia) ; Hiram, 7th February, 
1777; Sally, 16th of September, 1779; Francis, 7th December, 
1781; Sanders, 12th January, 1784; Susannah, 26th January, 
17S7." Among her said children was Major Sanders Donoho of 
the Regular Army, who was shot by a refractory soldier at or 
near Pensacola, Florida. 

Thomas Donoho's rapid rise from private in April 1776 to 
Captain of the Sixth North Carolina regiment within the first 
five months of his service, and his promotion to Major five years 
later is indeed an extraordinary record. His death occurred 
April 2, 1825. He was a resident of Halifax County when he 
entered the service with Greene's Army, but later settled with his 
brother William in Caswell County, where he met and married 
Keziah Saunders on the third day of December, 1774. She out- 
lived him many years, and drew a pension for his military service. 
Her last days were spent in Caswell County where she lived to a 
great age. She was familiarly called "Kizzie." 

The names of Williams, Saunders and Donoho appear as 
members of North Carolina's Senate and House of Commons dur- 
ing the first forty years of her commonwealth. These families, 
as well as those of Clay and Woods, have done much to mould the 
policies of the State and conserve her wealth and independence. 

Doctor Williams is, in his own way, adding lustre to the 
noble deeds of those of his family who have gone before. May he, 
like most of them, live to a good old age. 



PRESTON WOODALL 

IT is only when the real people and scenes of American life 
are filmed before the mental vision, that the fact is brought 
home that there are still great men and gracious women, lead- 
ing upright lives, living industriously and honestly, full of 
love for kind and zeal for country and for God, that the pes- 
simism bred of the daily perusal of the public prints, gives place 
to the optimism engendered by the realization that many strains 
of the old blood that made Colonial America a Nation, yet flow 
in the veins of the Makers of America of this generation. 

Among those so favored is Preston Woodall of Benson, John- 
ston County, North Carolina, who was born May 7, 1874, upon 
the farm of his father, William Kansoni Woodall, in Johnston 
County. His mother, Mary Frances Woodall, was the daughter 
of John and Elizabeth (Canody) Creech. His mother's grand- 
parents were Stephen and Mary Creech. His paternal grand- 
parents were Herrit and Harriet (Allen) Woodall and great- 
grandfather, Absalom Woodall. 

There is no better start in life than that of the country-bred 
boy. The free pure air, the little tasks devolving upon the 
farmer's boy, all tend to the development of sturdy physical 
growth, and with an environment of culture and refinement in 
the home, the mind keeps pace with the body. When a tendency 
towards study is inherited from the earliest years, the whole 
outdoor life, the trees sending their branches towards the stars, 
while their roots bore deep into the earth, the everlasting hills, 
whose summits climbed, disclose vistas reaching to the horizon; 
the running waters of the brook typical of life itself; the ever 
recurring seasons, with their hopes and fears for crops whose 
extent will not be known until the harvest is gathered, all act as 
stimuli to the desire for knowledge and the determination to 
achieve success. 

In the early 'SO's of the last century, North Carolina recov- 
ering from the consequences of the Civil War, and the worse 
period of re-construction, had made great advances in providing 
for the education of her people. In the public schools of Smith- 
field and Benson, Preston acquired a good stock of learning, 
supplemented and consolidated after he was nineteen, by a period 
of teaching in these same schools. 

When fully of age, in 1895, Mr. Woodall opened a store in 
Benson. It would seem that as the poet is born, so is the nier- 

[196] 



PRESTON WOOD ALL 199 

chant, for such was his aptitude for mercantile pursuits, that suc- 
cess crowned his efforts at every venture. Within a decade of 
vears he was the owner of two stores and of several tracts of 

/ 

land in Johnston County; operating the farm laud, and also en- 
gaging in the timber business, as dealer and manufacturer; ac- 
complishing a life's work before reaching its meridian. Doubt- 
less, he will be heard from later, for the name and character 
already made, give promise of future work that will leave an in- 
delible mark upon his country. 

Mr. Woodall is President of the Citizens Bank and Trust 
Company of Benson and a Director in the Farmer's Commercial 
Bank of Benson. Naturally, he is a Democrat, though not an 
office seeker. He is a devout Christian gentleman; a member of 
and an Elder in the Presbyterian Church and Superintendent of 
its Sunday School. 

Mr. Woodall married in 1899, Miss Emma Carolina, daughter 
of Ishani and Rebecca Woodall of Johnston County. Their chil- 
dren are : Clara Augusta, born January 24, 1900 ; William Brant- 
ley, born July 14, 1901, and Isham Burton, born December 
19, 1902. 

When Mr. Woodall was asked for suggestions as to how the 
best interests of the States and Nation may be promoted, his reply 
was : "By thoroughly training and educating all the children of 
all the classes." 

There was in the tenth century a Flemish knight of Cambrae, 
Wahull or Wodall, by name. His descendant, Walter de Flan- 
deriensis or de Cambrae, took part witli William the Norman in 
the conquest of England in 1066. He held five manors in Bed- 
ford, and others in Buckingham, and in several other shires in 
England. Wooddale or Wahall was his principal seat. He was 
the Ancestor of the Barons established by law in 1295. It was 
not until the twelfth century that surnames became fixed. Men 
were designated by their holdings or by some physical peculiar- 
ity, "Son," after the father's personal name, "Fitz," "Ap" or "Of," 
before it. The record entries were made by clerks of rather "less 
than more" ability, in bastard Latin, Saxon, French or Celtic. So 
that it is not wonderful that variation of name arose. In the case 
of Woodall, it was written "Wahall," "Wadhull," "Wodehall," 
"Wodehill," "Wodhill," "Wodel," "Odel," "(Mil" and in some 
other styles, but the first mention found in the Yorkshire Inqui- 
sitions of 1250, is WoodDale; Wood Dale Hall having been one 
of the residences of the family. Two centuries later, the inven- 
tion of printing, while rendering the instruction of the people 
less difficult, served to anchor both patronymics and simple words 
to consistency. Different branches of the same family, however, 
adopted and adhered to the name which best suited them, and 
this in time became their family name. In this wav manv fa mi- 

/ . , 

lies of the same lineage drifted apart. 



200 PRESTON WOODALL 

John de Wahall or Wodhull did fealty to Henry Third in 
1270. Walter de Wahall or Wodhull, had certified his barony in 
1167, during the reign of Henry First. 

The pedigree of Kichard Woodall of Warwick, begins with 
Thomas and ends with John, Thomas and Richard in the Seven- 
teenth Century, the same names running through the line. 

"John" seems to have been the favorite personal name with 
the Woodalls and it is Mr. John Woodall that is found first men- 
tioned in connection with America, as a charter member of the 
Virginia Company of London in 1609, and as the owner of shares 
in the division of the Somers Isles or the Bermudas in the 
"Tribe" (division) of Lord William Paget. To have owned shares 
in the Company, reveals the fact of the possession of some wealth, 
though very few of the Company ever visited Virginia in person. 
They sent their younger sons and other relatives to colonize the 
New Country ; to build homes and exploit its resources. 

The Woodhulls of Long Island trace to Walter 01 Flanders. 
The Manor of Holbeach, a parcel of the Manor of Essevdes, Hert- 
fordshire, was held by Foulk Woodhull, who claimed descent from 
Sir William Woodhull and Elizabeth Parr (1539), a near rela- 
tive of Katherine, first wife of Henry Eighth, who was a descend- 
ant of Gundareed, daughter of William The Conqueror. Eliza- 
beth was also a descendant of Edward First and of William, the 
Lion of Scotland. This family, how r ever, through change of name, 
is now far remote from the Woodall branch. 

In England, the Woodall name is still prominent. William 
Woodall in 1896, was the Chairman of the Committee of Patriotic 
Funds. He wrote several books on Military Law, the British 
Army and others. 

The American contingent of Woodall, is evidently descended 
from the Hertford branch, and this opinion is strengthened by 
their personal names. Thomas Woodall of Warwick, heads the 
lineage given in the visitation of Hertford, frequently noting 
Richard and John with the last name in the majority, and end- 
ing with John, who is most probably the John Woodall, adven- 
turer of 1609. 

This John Wodall (evidently Woodall) may have come to 
Virginia but so far no trace of his having done so is found. He 
was no doubt the John Woodall, representing in the seventeenth 
century, the branch of the family, tracing to Richard of Warwick, 
second son of Thomas of Killingsworth. A Henry Woodall was 
living at Indian Thecket in 1623. In 1736 is a record of a deed of 
land to Thomas Woodall, and in colonial records there is a grant 
of land to Jonathan Woodall, of one hundred seventy-two acres. 

James Woodal, aged eighty-seven years, who was a Lieu- 
tenant, was one of the Revolutionary pensioners of Virginia, still 
living in 1835. 



PRESTON WOODALL 203 

In the army accounts for 1781, John Woodall (of Halleys 
Company) is paid for eighteen months service. Jeremiah Wood- 
all of the North Carolina line, is paid for provisions and supplies, 
fifteen pounds sterling and Robert Woodall, forty-one pounds 
sterling for supplies. 

Upon the pension list still surviving in 1835 besides James, 
were Samuel, John and Lieutenant Samuel Woodall. The first 
census in North Carolina, 1790, gives James Woodall with wife 
and two daughters; Jacob Woodall with two sons and one daugh- 
ter; another Jacob with one son and Absalom Woodall with two 
sons and one daughter. The last named is evidently the grand- 
father of Preston Woodall. 

The Revolutionary soldiers of the name in the Carolinas, 
were John, James and two with personal name of Jacob. 

In other States J. J. Woodall, a surgeon in the United States 
Army and Doctor Percy H. Woodall of Franklin, Kentucky, are 
well known and highly esteemed. 



RICHARD EVANS WYLIE 

K' CHARD EVANS WYLIE, son of Colonel John Dunovant 
AVylie and Eliza Jane (Witherspoon) Wylie, was born in 
Lancaster, South Carolina, February 8, 1860, beginning 
life in those troublous days that immediately preceded 
the great Civil War. He is the only child of his parents, and has 
spent all of his life in Lancaster County. In 1879 he was gradu- 
ated from the Carolina Military Institute. Charlotte, North Caro- 

u 

lina, and, in 1881, received his degree of Bachelor of Law from 
the University of Virginia, it having been his pleasure to have 
as a classmate President Woodrow Wilson. He has since en- 
gaged actively in the practice of law, and is an officer of several 
industrial enterprises, being Vice-President of the First National 
Bank, of Lancaster; President of the Lancaster Publishing Com- 
pany ; Vice-President of the Citizens' Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, as well as of the Lancaster Savings Bank and Trust Com- 
pany, and Vice-President and Secretary of the J. T. Wylie 
Company. 

In politics Mr. Wylie is a Democrat and although he has 
never sought public office, he was unanimously elected Mayor of 
Lancaster for three successive terms. Socially, he is a Master 
Mason, a Chapter Mason and a Knight of Pythias. He is an 
active member of the Presbyterian Church of which he is an 
Elder. 

On November 4, 1885, Eichard Evans Wylie was married at 
Lancaster to Miss Louise Gildersleeve Pratt, daughter of Henry 
Harrington Pratt and Joanna Frances (Gildersleeve) Pratt. 
Mrs. AVylie was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, 
October 15, 1866. Of this union were born eight children, six of 
whom are living. These are: Juanita Wylie, educated at Agnes 
Scott College, Decatur, Georgia, editor of the ''Lancaster News ;" 
John Dunovant Wylie, educated at Bingham School, Asheville, 
North Carolina, Davidson College, North Carolina, and Eastman 
Business College, engaged in the Farm Loan and Insurance busi- 
ness; Eliza Witherspoon Wylie, educated at the College for 
Women, Columbia, South Carolina, and a student now of music 
at Damrosch Institute of Musical Art in New York ; Louise Pratt 
Wvlie, Katharine Hawthorne Wvlie and Marv Gildersleeve 

> / *J 

AVylie. 

The name of AVylie is said to have originated in AA 7 ales, from 
a location in Yorkshire, and also from a location near Essex, in 

[204] 








77, 





RICHARD EVANS WYLIB 207 

England. It is found in various forms, as Whiley, Wyley, Wylly, 
Wylley, Willey and Wylie, the latter being the form most com- 
monly used by the descendants in this country. Record is found 
as early as 1615 of one Ralfe Willey of Houghton in the Bishop- 
ricke of Duresine having had certain arms confirmed to him by 
the Heralds. 

The family is extensively represented in both Scotland and 
Ireland to-day. No doubt, all of this name at one time originated 
from a common stock. Early notes and references to it are found 
in various Scotch records of Kirriemuir, Kilmarnock and Holm- 
head House in Scotland. An old emigration record shows that, 
in 1759, Samuel Wylie and three or four of his brothers, all 
brothers of Adam Wylie the lineal ancestor of Richard Evans 
Wylie, came to America, and settled in various colonies includ- 
ing Maryland and Virginia. These brothers descended from a 
Scotch family that originated in Ayrshire, Scotland, and emi- 
grated on account of religious persecutions, to Ireland in the 
seventeenth century, settling in the County of Antrim. 

At about the same time Peter Wylie, the sou of Adam Wylie, 
came to America, settling in Pennsylvania where he married 
Annie Hawthorne, and later removed to Chester County, South 
Carolina. He was of a poetical temperament and left a volume of 
unpublished verse of some merit. They had three sons, James, 
Frank and William who rendered faithful service as soldiers in 
the Revolutionary War. 

t/ 

William, during his career as a soldier, was under General 
Williamson, served with Colonel Moultrie and fought bravely and 
well in McClure's Company at Monk's Corner. At Rocky Mount, 
\Vylie was captured by the British Dragoons, but managed to 
effect his escape on the twelfth of July. While on his way to the 
American lines, he met McClure who was pursuing the Red Coats. 
From this time he remained with the brave McClure until his 
last battle. He was sent by Colonel Lacy to Morgan's camp in 
December, and "Hopping John Miller" accompanied him. On the 
way they met the Tories commanded by Nicholas, and young 
Wylie was taken prisoner. When his captors stopped on the way 
he was imprisoned in a shed, and while there was visited secretly 
by Nicholas who gave him a piece of bread. Wylie never forgot 
this kindness, and would have saved Nicholas' life at the risk of 
his own had it been possible, when later Nicholas was hanged 
by the liberty-men. 

While confined in the Camden prison William met the charm- 
ing Isabella Kelsoe, a descendant of the family from whom Kel- 
soe Abbey in Scotland received its name. Her father, Samuel 
Kelsoe, lived near Fishing Creek churchyard in 1780. Some 
remains of this old settlement are still in existence. Most of the 
children of Samuel Kelsoe had reached maturity at the outbreak 



1208 IIICHAKI) EVAXS WYLIE 

of the war. There was a story of ho\v the Tories overran his 
house, taking mudi of value; no doubt, he ami his sons would 
have been killed if they had not been a\vay with the American 
soldiers. They fought in most of the battles during 1780 and 
1781. Samuel, the son, narrowly escaped death when, at 
Sumter's surprise, an English bullet cut off his whiskers. His 
brother George was so badly wounded that he was thought to be 
dead and left on the field. He managed, however, to avoid being 
captured by the enemy. 

Isabella, sister of these gallant patriots, went with some 
women to visit the prisoners at Camden, and became interested 
in William Wylie. When, later, Wylie obtained his release they 
were united in marriage by the Reverend Mr. Simpson. The 
young people made their home with Mr. Wylie's father, near Big 
Spring, about six miles north of Chester. Wylie continued to 
fight for the American cause, serving as Sergeant in the regi- 
ment of Colonel Henry Hampton, under Captain John Mills, until 
the end of the war. They remained at Big Spring until 1820 
when they removed to Perry County, Alabama. 

Peter Wylie, second son of William, was born in Chester 
County, South Carolina, and spent his life in agricultural pur- 
suits. He was for more than twenty years Judge of the Probate 
Court and resigned only a very short time before his death. He 
married Annie Evans, of AVelsh origin, and their sons were: 
Richard Evans, DeKalb, Alexander P. and William. The ma- 
ternal grandfather of these children served in the American 
Army, as did also their mother's five uncles. All of the sons of 
Peter and Annie Evans Wylie were physicians except DeKalb. 
The eldest son, Richard Evans Wylie, was born in 1810 at the 
family home in Chester County. Afterwards he removed to Lan- 
caster County, where the rest of his life was spent. In 1832 he 
graduated from South Carolina Medical College and married Miss 
Rachel McCullough. They had three sons : John Donovant, Peter 
and Thomas M. After the death of his wife Doctor Wvlie mar- 

V 

ried again, and by this union there was another son. Richard 
Evans Wylie became a distinguished physician and for years 
was President of the South Carolina Medical Association. 

John Dunovant Wylie, son of Richard Evans Wylie and 
Rachel McCullough, was born in Lancaster County, December 14, 
1833. When he was five years old his parents moved to Lancaster. 
He finished his preparatory course in Chester Male Academy, 
then under the direction of Honorable Giles J. Patterson, and 
was ready for the junior class of South Carolina College. It was 
his father's desire to have him take a military course, and, yield- 
ing to his wish, though against his own inclination, he entered 
the South Carolina Military Academy in 1852. He graduated 
in 1855, receiving high honors. While yet in college, he engaged 



RICHARD EVANS WYLIE 209 

in the study of law, and after his graduation continued to read 
law under the Honorable Manor Clinton of Lancaster. 

He was admitted to the Bar in 1855. While he was still a 
student he received the appointment of magistrate from the 
Governor, and held that office until the beginning of the Civil 
War. In December, 1856, Mr. Wylie formed a partnership with 
Colonel Thomas N. Dawkins, which was discontinued when the 
latter was elected Circuit Judge. 

Mr. Wylie raised a company of soldiers, the Lancaster Greys 
with himself as Captain ; this company was the first one in Lan- 
caster organized for service in the war of the sixties. He was 
present at the fall of Sumter, the Company then being officially 
known as Company "A," Mnth South Carolina Kegiment. 

This regiment went to Virginia and after a year's service 
there, its name was changed to that of Company "A," Fifth South 
Carolina Regiment. Captain Wylie was promoted Major at the 
battle of Seven Pines, and was later promoted, at Games' Mill, 
to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. 

After the war he resumed the practice of his profession. He 
was the active leader of the "Red Shirts" in Lancaster County 
for the redemption of the State, from negro rule. He was one 
of the most prominent members of the State Senate from 1877 to 
1882, being chairman of the Judiciary Committee and also of a 
joint commission to recommend changes in the State constitution. 
At the expiration of his term in the Senate, he voluntarily re- 
tired to private life refusing thereafter to accept other high 
political honors. 

John Dunovant Wylie married April 22, 1857, Eliza Jane 
Witherspoon. Her father, the Honorable James H. Witherspoon, 
was a member of the Confederate Congress. Richard Evans 
Wylie is the only living child of this union. Eliza Jane Wither- 
spoon was born in Lancaster, October 25, 1834, and died there, 
November 4, 1909. She took an active interest in the affairs of 
the town, and is described as of a vivacious and charming dispo- 
sition. 

Although the family of Wylie is very old, that of Wither- 
spoon boasfs of an equally ancient lineage. Records show that 
John Witherspoon, son of David, son of Reverend Witherspoon 
and Lucy Welch, was born at Begardie, near Glasgow, Scotland, 
iu 1670, and moved to Knockbradien, Parish of Drumbo, County 
Down, Ireland, in 1695. He married his cousin, Janet, in 1693, 
and, emigrating to America, settled in Williamsburg district, 
South Carolina, in 1734 and died in 1737. His wife died at sea. 
He was the progenitor of the family of Witherspoon in this 
country. 

By his marriage Richard Evans Wylie has connected his 
family with two other families of ancient lineage, those of Gilder- 



210 RICHARD EVANS WYLIE 

sleeve and Pratt. Richard Gilder-sleeve was born in 1601 in 
County Suffolk, England. He came to America some time be- 
tween 1030 and 1640, stopping at Watertown, Massachusetts. 
Later he moved to New Haven and, still later, in 1644, to Hemp- 
stead, Long Island. He was a magistrate under Stuyvesant, 1644- 
1664. 

Two sons, Richard and Samuel Gildersleeve, and one daugh- 
ter were his only posterity, from whom have descended six 
branches of the family. The members of one branch settled in 
South Carolina, from Avhom Joanna Frances, mother of the 
present Mrs. Wylie, is descended. 

Mrs. Pratt was a sister of Doctor Basil L. Gildersleeve, the 
world renowned Greek scholar and author. He was a missionarv 

/ 

among Spanish-speaking people in South America, Mexico and 
Cuba. He translated the Bible from the original language into 
Spanish. 

The Reverend Henry Barrington Pratt, father of Mrs. Wylie, 
is of an old and numerous family. As early as 1690, record is 
found of Phineas Pratt, who came to America in 1662, died in 
1680, and was buried at Charlestowu, Massachusetts. Another 
emigrant of the same name was Lieutenant William Pratt, born 
in 1600, who came from England and settled in Cambridge, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1633. From this William Pratt descended seven 
branches, some of whom have settled in the South. 

It may be easily seen that the ancestry of Mr. Wylie's chil- 
dren is of good old British stock. The members in America have 
nobly done their part in the making of this great country, and it 
is left for those of the twentieth century to give their services as 
freely for its preservation. 



ARTHUR WAYLAND COOKE 

g i HE human story of a busy life is ever interesting. Thrice 
so, when that life has wrought well and wisely for home, 
A Church and State. With the flowers and the showers on 
April 24, 1876 a year ever memorable in the history of 
North Carolina unheralded and unknown, Arthur Wayland 
Cooke appeared in a modest home in Murfreesboro, Hertford 
Countv, North Carolina the first born and the oldest of five 

t; 7 

children. Through the currents and cross-currents of the won- 
drous changes and stirring events of these forty years, his life 
has cut and plowed its way with brilliant service in every field 
where duty has called for the exercise of its energies. Held in the 
arms of tenderest affection, reared in the atmosphere of a home 
of piety and refinement, guided by a widowed mother whose 
broken life was reconsecrated to the training and support of the 
fatherless, inspired by a sacred memory, he was safely and richly 
environed by the hallowed influences of this home which largely 
fashioned and moulded his fine character and clean life. 

His ancestry can be traced through four generations in this 
country, on the paternal side to England and on the maternal 
side to Prance. The first of whom there is record on the paternal 
side was Christopher Cooke, who was born in Sussex County, 
Virginia, February 10, 1756, and who in early life moved to 
Northampton County, North Carolina. He served as a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, having been first stationed after enlistment in 
1776, at Wilmington, North Carolina. In July, 1780, he was in 
the regiment of Colonel Seawell and in the company commanded 
by Captain Henry Burns. In August, 1781, he was in the com- 
pany of Captain Joel Sherwood. He was married to Betsy Ann 
Parker, daughter of Peter Parker, of Hertford County, who was 
the son of Thomas Parker. The issue of this marriage was six 
children, viz., Lazarus, Mathias, Eley, Elizabeth, Rebecca and 
Patsy. Christopher died in 1842 in his eighty-seventh year. His 
oldest son, Lazarus, grandfather of Arthur Wayland Cooke, was 
born in Northampton County September 28, 1793, and died July 
14, 1872. His wife was Miss Annie Rebecca Warren and the issue 
of this marriage was eight children, namely, Alexander, Eley, 
George W., Luther Rice, Samuel, Henry Harrison, Annie Mariah, 
and Eliza B. 

Henry Harrison Cooke, the sixth child of Lazarus Cooke, was 
born in Northampton County, North Carolina, January 27, 1841, 

[213] 



214 ARTHUR WAYLAND COOKE 

and was the father of Arthur Wayland Cooke. Henry Harrison 
Cooke was a man of fine character, good education, much public 
spirit and prominence in his community, a true Christian gentle- 
man, and, like his father and grandfather, a deacon in the Baptist 
church. In early life he was a teacher, but after marriage en- 
gaged in the mercantile and cotton business in partnership with 
Mr. J. L. Harrell, under the firm name of Cooke and Harrell. 
This firm was active and successful for many years in eastern 
North Carolina. Henry Harrison Cooke was a confederate sol- 
dier, having served first in Company "A," Fourth Battalion, and 
afterwards in Company "B" of the same battalion. He married 
Miss Elizabeth Florence Maddrey, daughter of Henry White Mad- 
drey and his wife, Theresa Elizabeth Lisles. He died November 
18, 1887, leaving a widow and five small children, and was buried 
at the old Maddrey home cemetery in Northampton County. 
These five surviving children were Arthur Waylaiid Cooke, Henry 
Maddrey, Annie Rebecca, John Archie, and Mary Theresa Cooke, 
all of whom are now living, except Annie Rebecca Cooke, who 
died November 17, 1895, while a student at Chowan College. 

Arthur Wayland Cooke was only eleven years of age at the 
death of his father. On the very threshold of his boyhood his 
bright mind grasped the responsibility attaching to his position. 
With dutiful and beautiful devotion he had witnessed the self- 
sacrifice and unselfish service of a helpful and anxious mother. 
His childhood and boyhood had been made happy by her tender 
care and loving ministry. In grateful appreciation of this mother 
who still lives he writes : 

"Her influence has stimulated my ambition, guided me in 
the paths of truth and honor, encouraged me when I did right, 
forgave me when I did wrong without undue censure, and instilled 
into me as deep as eternity itself the importance of the Christian 
religion as she believed it." 

This tribute from his own pen discloses not only his grati- 
tude, but it portrays with striking emphasis the beautiful char- 
acter of this devoted mother, whose Christ-like gentleness, pa- 
tience, and teaching had led him into the paths of truth and 
honor, and inspired his young mind with the highest ideals of 
life. Educated at Chowan Baptist Female Institute herself a 
teacher, cultured and refined left alone with her five children, 
their education became the supreme object of her life's work. In 
accomplishing this end, her chief solicitude was that they should 
be taught to be helpful and independent. 

After a course in private schools and at the Murfreesboro 
Male Academy, Arthur Wayland Cooke attended Franklin Acad- 
emy in Franklin, Virginia, earning his living and expenses as a 
clerk in Bryant and Knight's drug store. In 1895 he entered 
Wake Forest College, graduating in 1900 with distinction and 



ARTHUR WAYLAND COOKB 215 

the degrees of A.B., A.M. and L.L.B. Excessive work necessitated 
a year of rest or change during these five years, and this year was 
spent in the law office of Mr. W. A. Smith, the leading lawyer 
at that time of Hendersonville, North Carolina. It is simple 
justice to record the fact that this excessive work was not occa- 
sioned alone by his regular college course, but he was private 
secretary to Doctor C. E. Taylor, the able and distinguished 
President of Wake Forest College. Added to this was other 
work outside of college duties which he assumed to enable him 
to defray his expenses. He earned and paid his own way through 
college. His career at college was one of exceptional brilliancy. 
His popularity is attested by the series of prizes won and honors 
bestowed by his society and the college. In his second year, he 
won the debater's medal given by the Euzelian Society, and was 
elected its anniversary debater. In the third year he was chosen 
by his society as its orator for the celebration of the anniversary 
of the college. In 1899 he represented his college in the annual 
debate with Trinity College in the Academy of Music at Kaleigh, 
North Carolina, when Wake Forest was awarded the silver cup. 
In his last year he won the Dixon Oratorical Medal and was 
elected by the faculty one of the commencement orators. 

This fine record foreshadowed the success he has achieved 
since graduation. In September, 1900, with his license from the 
Supreme Court of North Carolina, he entered the law office of 
Hon. Charles Manly Stedman of Greensboro, North Carolina, at 
the age of twenty-four years. In the very prime of his young 
manhood, with a mind well trained, filled with enthusiasm, am- 
bitious and determined to succeed, conscious of his strength, 
proud of the opportunity afforded by this new association, and 
facing a strong bar, he set himself to the hard task of serving a 
jealous mistress. It was not long until his studious habits, his 
high character, his kindliness, his courteous manner, his bright 
intellect, his knightly conduct, clean life, and perseverance had 
made an impression and given him prestige. In some of the most 
noted cases of the State he was associated with Major Stedman. 
With such untiring persistence did he pursue his work, that at 
the end of four years he became the partner of Major Stedman 
under the firm name of Stedmau and Cooke. This partnership 
continued until 1910, when Major Stedman was elected to Con- 
gress. Mr. Cooke then practiced alone until 1916, when he 
formed a partnership with Mr. B. L. Fen tress, becoming the 
senior member of the firm of Cooke and Fentress. In 1911 Mr. 
Cooke was elected City Attorney for the City of Greensboro, the 
duties of which position he discharged with marked efficiency and 
signal ability. In 1916 he resigned this position to accept that of 
postmaster at Greensboro, to which he had been appointed by 
President Wilson. His career at the bar has been highly sue- 



216 ARTHUR WAYLAND COOKE 

cessful. For two years he has been a member of the executive 
committee of the North Carolina Bar Association, and is proud 
of his profession. 

Not less successful has been his venture into the political 
arena. In the midst of his pressing professional duties, he has 
found time to render valuable service to his party and friends in 
politics. His most noted achievement was his success in manag- 
ing and directing the campaign for the nomination and election 
of Major Stedman to Congress in 1910. Perhaps the most mem- 
orable contest for a congressional nomination in North Carolina 
was that in 1910 in the Fifth "The Banner" -Congressional 
District of the State. The convention was deadlocked for several 
days and nights and then adjourned to a later date when Major 
Stedman was nominated. In the campaign which followed, Mr. 
Cooke displayed his ability as an organizer in the memorable vic- 
tory scored in overturning the Republican majority of two years 
before and in securing a Democratic majority of three thousand, 
three hundred thirty-two. These victories were to no small 
extent due to the clear judgment, untiring energy and shrewd 
management of Mr. Cooke. Thus, it will be seen, that in addition 
to his conscientious attention to his professional work, he has 
been a leader and hard worker for the Democratic party. He was 
chairman of the Guilford County Board of Elections from 1896 
to 1910. He was chairman of the Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee of the Fifth Congressional District from 1910 to 1912 ; and 
was chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee of Guil- 
ford County from 1912 to 1914. He was also a member of the 
State Democratic Executive Committee from 1908 to 1910. 

In 1911 when Judge J. Crawford Biggs resigned his position 
as Judge of the Superior Court, Mr. Cooke was strongly and 
widely recommended and urged as the logical and eminently fit 
man for the vacancy. 

Mr. Cooke is fond of outdoor sports, enjoys fishing and 
hunting and is a member of the Greensboro Country Club, where 
he frequently finds pleasure in the game of golf. He also enjoys 
the honor of being a member of the North Carolina Society of the 
Sons of the Revolution. 

He is now one of the directors of Oak Ridge Institute, one of 
the leading educational institutions of the State. 

Like his father, his grandfather and his great-grandfather, 
he is a deacon in the Baptist Church and is now serving as chair- 
man of the board of deacons of the First Baptist Church of 
Greensboro, North Carolina, and in addition to this, he has for 
many years taught a large and interesting class in the Sunday 
School of this church. 

The most interesting event of his life remains to be told. 
He was married in Augusta, Georgia, October 12, 1904, to Miss 



ARTHUR WAYLAND COOKE 217 

Aimie Maria Owen, of Providence, Rhode Island, who is of well- 
known ancestry on both sides. Her mother is of the Green family 
of Warwick, Rhode Island, descendant of Richard Green and a 
direct descendant of Roger Williams, the first settler of Rhode 
Island. Her father was William H. Owen, son of George Owen 
and Fallie Palmer, who are of prominent and well-known families 
of that State. Two children have been born to them, Floyd 
Elmore Cooke, who was born June 11, 1910, and died January 27, 
1915 ; and Arthur Owen Cooke, who was born April 13, 1916, and 
now fills with joy and sunshine a happy home. 

On the maternal side, Mr. Cooke is of French origin. His 
great-great-grandfather, Nathaniel Maddrey, came to this coun- 
try directly from France, and settled in Northampton County. 
His son, William, married Sallie Monger. Their children were 
Thomas, Henry White, Nathaniel, Anderson, Mary, Rebecca and 
Sallie. Henry White, his second son, married Theresa Elizabeth 
Lisles, daughter of Dr. Jacob Lisles, who were the parents of 
Mr. Cooke's mother. Dr. Lisles married Martha Boone, who was 
of a family prominent in Northampton County. 

It would be difficult for Mr. Cooke to disguise the marks of 
his warm French blood. Impetuous, impulsive, fearless, warm- 
hearted and generous, like his maternal sires, he never courts 
nor evades an issue in peace or war. In public life he bears a 
record without a stain. As a lawyer he stands for the ethics of 
his profession and proudly and bravely upholds its highest ideals. 
As a citizen he stands for civic righteousness and espouses with 
heart, hand and purse all movements inspired by civic pride. His 
most marked characteristics are his industry and tenacity of 
purpose ; his scrupulous regard for his obligations ; his fine sense 
of honor in all things ; his public spirit ; his love of neighbor and 
his unstinted devotion to those most near and dear to him. Per- 
haps the most beautiful thing in the record of his life is the tender 
and unselfish consideration shown always for his mother and 
those under her care. With her and with them he has shared the 
fruit of his toil and the bounty of his affections. 

This in brief is the merest outline of the life of the fatherless 
boy, who unaided and unafraid during these forty years has 
steadily climbed by dint of his own brain and brawn to a position 
of leadership in his profession, his Church and State, and who 
now stands in the zenith of his matured powers, facing a future, 
bright with promise for higher honors. 



CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER 

A Mount Airy, North Carolina, April 29, 1867, was born 
Charles Whitlock Banner, a prominent physician of 
Greensboro. His father was William Martin Banner, a 
prosperous tobacco manufacturer, and his mother before 
her marriage, was Miss Kate Whitlock. 

The name Banner is a derivative of Bann, a word taken 
from the root of a verb common to many Teutonic languages and 
meaning originally "to proclaim," "to announce." The "er" 
added means one who, and the earliest members of the English 
family, were proclaimers or announcers of the royal decrees. 
Among the nobles who rode out to announce the decree, it was 
customary to blow a bugle, calling the people together before 
making known the royal wishes, and from the bugle hung a small 
banneret. 

A close examination of the Banner coat-of-aruis will show 
that the banneret, though not dependent from a bugle, is held in 
a mailed fist with a fleur-de-lis on the banneret. 

The family of Whitlock was founded in England in 1500, 
and at that time the name w^as Whitelocke. Richard Whitelocke 
was a London merchant; his son, Sir James, was an eminent 
English Judge, and his grandson, Sir Bulstrode Whitelocke, a 
friend and advisor of Cromwell, was a man of international repu- 
tation. Sir Bulstrode married three times and of his many de- 
scendants some emigrated to this country. 

Under the Virginia Land Company the Bermudas or Somers 
Islands belonged to the province of Virginia, and on the records 
of the Somers Island Company appears the name of Richard 
Banner, secretary to the company in 1684. 

When George Somers came from the Bermudas with families 
to settle in Virginia, many of them located on what is now Caro- 
lina soil, as all the land lying along the same parallels, even part 
of Georgia, had been named Virginia in honor of Elizabeth the 
Virgin Queen. 

The earliest known Banner to settle in North Carolina was 
Henry, who located at Buffalo Creek two miles southeast of the 
present Germantown in 1754. This Henry, born about 1710, 
might have been a son of the Richard from Somers Island, and 
probably was, judging by years and general conditions. The 
name of Richard's wife is not given. Henry married Eliza, and 
their son Joseph, born on Christmas day 1749, married Sarah 

[218] 



CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER 221 

Me Anally Mav 16, 1771. Charles, son of Joseph and Sarah, was 
born in 1773. 

When Stokes was formed into a separate County from Surry 
in 1789, Mr. Gray Bynum was appointed to select the location for 
the capital of the new County. He bought twenty acres of land 
and gave the work of surveying the property and arranging it 
into town lots to Charles Banner, who drew the original plan in 
1790. The town was called Germantown, though just why this 
name was selected is not known. It may have been because the 
Freys, from whom the site was purchased were natives of Ger- 
many. Doctor L. H. Hill of Germantown has in his possession a 
plat of the land he owns. This plat was made in 1825 and at the 
bottom is the signature of Charles Banner the survevor of Ger- 

t/ 

man town. 

Charles Banner was a member of the House of Commons 
for six terms and was also Senator for one term. He married 
Rebecca Evans in 1798, and their son John was born in 1801. 

Rebecca died while sitting in her chair reading the Bible. 
The book was opened at the thirty-ninth Psalm w T hich reads: 
"With expectation I have waited for the Lord, and he was atten- 
tive to me." What a beautiful death for this dear old gentle- 
woman whose waiting was so well rewarded. 

The old home of Charles Banner still stands, one of the three 
buildings of his day which solely remain as reminders of the past. 
It is occupied by a descendant of the original owner. "Another 
building recalling the days of the Revolution is that occupied 
by Mr. John Banner. It is an original log house presenting excel- 
lent workmanship for those days of crude implements. It retains 
its rock chimney, with the picturesque old-fashioned fire place of 
wide dimensions. Mr. Banner is also a member of the first family 
of that name residing in the section, first known as Town Fork." 

The excellence of the early Germantown schools was recog- 
nized even beyond the limits of the State, and students from 
many of the Southern States attended them. One of the teachers 
was the late Doctor Everhart, whose son, Captain Lay H. Ever- 
hart of the United States Navy, now retired, is a cousin of Doctor 
Banner of this sketch. Captain Everhart, during the Spanish 
War, served under Admiral Dewey in the memorable battle of 
Manila Bay. The sword he wore was borne by an uncle, Henry 
Banner of the Forty-eighth regiment, North Carolina State 
troops in the Civil War, and by a great-great-grandfather in the 
Revolutionary War. 

John Banner, son of Charles and Rebecca, married Virginia 
Moore. Their son, William Martin married Kate Whitlock and 
they were the parents of Doctor Charles Whitlock Banner of 
Greensboro. 

In the "Patriot," a periodical of 1845, is an announcement 
of a sale of slaves by John Banner, Doctor Banner's grandfather. 



222 CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER 

Charles Whitlock Banner, Doctor of Medicine, Fellow of the 
American College of Surgeons, acquired his early education in 
the graded schools of Mount Airy. At the age of twelve years he 
became a druggist's clerk, and from that time until his twenty- 
first year his attention was divided between his duties in this 
capacity and his school work. He then engaged in the study of 
dentistry, and graduated with honor from the Philadelphia 
Dental College in 1890. 

He practiced dentistry for eight years during which time he 
was Secretary and then President of the North Carolina Dental 

Society. 

Not satisfied with his success in this field Doctor Banner 
took a course in medicine, graduating from the University of 
Maryland in 1899. After securing his degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine, he made a special study of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat, 
both in this country and in Europe and has been specializing in 
this branch ever since. 

It would not be true to say that Doctor Banner has com- 
pleted his medical education. Men of his caliber never cease to 
be students. They strive, by constant effort to acquire a larger 
knowledge and a more thorough understanding of their particu- 
lar life work, and thus make of themselves successful men, helpers 
of their brethren and leaders in science, whose able guidance 
others may follow with safety and profit. 

In 19l5, Doctor Banner was elected a Fellow of the Ameri- 
can College of Surgeons. He is a member of the American Med- 
ical Association, the Southern Medical Association, the North 
Carolina Medical Society, the Guilford County Medical Society 
and the American Association for the advancement of Science, 
and is President of the Eighth District Medical Society of North 
Carolina. 

Besides being Chairman of the Committee on Conservation 
of Vision for North Carolina, the Doctor is expert examiner for 
the District for the Pension Bureau, and a Lieutenant of the 
Keserve Corps of the United States army. He was one of the 
organizers, and is an enthusiastic member of the Greensboro 
Country Club, and has been a member of its executive board since 
its organization. 

Doctor Banner occupies a handsome suite of offices on the 
second floor of the Banner Building. This up-to-date structure 
was erected by him in 1912 and is a wonderfully complete office 
building, being one of the handsomest in the South. It is built 
on the latest plan by modern methods and is furnished with every 
convenience. Besides elevator service, cooling apparatus and 
drinking fountains, it is equipped with a vacuum cleaning device 
which makes it possible to keep the building in a clean and per- 
fectly sanitary condition. During its construction all the work 



CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER 223 

possible was performed by local enterprise, as Doctor Banner 
believes in patronizing home industries. 

He is a prominent and devoted member of the West Market 
Methodist Episcopal Church and has been a member of its board 
of Stewards since 1901. 

On March 28, 1900, Doctor Banner was married to Miss 
Josephine Fawcett, whose parents, Thomas and Mary Lyons Faw- 
cett were residents of London, Ontario, Canada. Their son, 
Charles Whitlock, Junior, is now eight years old. 



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 

BATES is an Anglo- Saxon name, and is derived from Bar- 
tholomew, whence also come : Bates, Batty, Batson, Battis, 
Bittison, Betts and Batts. The name has been for cen- 
turies and is still well known in England. Sir Ralph Bates 
was of a family which enjoyed the highest respectability, and was 
established in the County of Northumberland for hundreds of 
years. 

In 1666, Sir Ralph of Hallowell transmitted to the Herald's 
College a pedigree of his family, tracing his descent from Ed- 
ward III, King of England, who died June, 1377. 

Thirteenth in line of descent from Edward III is one Mar- 
garet, daughter of Thomas Chatour (or Chaytor), Esq. She 
married Ralph Bates, Esq., of Hallowell in Northumberland, who 
died in 1691. On a list of his descendants is the name of another 
Ralph Bates, Esq., of Melbourne Hall, who died December 13, 
1791. The second Ralph is the eighteenth in line of descent from 
King Edward III of England. 

Five men of this name were among the immigrants to New 
England, between the years 1630 and 1640. All of these settled 
in and around Boston and the personal names of some of them 
were: George; William, who married in Clarkstown and came 
over in the "Freelove" from London in 1635 at the age of seven- 
teen; Clement, with his wife Ann and their children; James, 
Clement, Rachel, Joseph, Benjamin and Edward. 

Edward came from Boston, Lincolnshire, one hundred fifty 
miles from Lynn, and was the direct ancestor of the Edward 
Bates who was educated at Charlotte Hall, Maryland, graduating 
in 1812. He was anxious to become a midshipman, but gave up 
this idea owing to the opposition of his mother, and in 1814 went 
to St. Louis to practice law. He was offered the Secretaryship 
of War by President Fillmore, but declined the honor. In 1859 
his name w r as proposed as Republican candidate for the Presi- 
dency, and he received forty-eight votes on the first ballot. He 
was a member of President Lincoln's cabinet, occupying the office 
of Attorney-General, but resigned in 1864. The first Lieutenant- 
Governor of Missouri, Frederick Bates, was his brother. 

In Virginia the family name was represented as far back 
as 1676. On the death records of the Old Benton Church, Vir- 
ginia, are the following: George Bates, died 1676; John, son of 
John, 1686; Joice, wife of John, and Elizabeth, his daughter, 

[224] 



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 227 

1692. On the baptism record of 1682 is the name of a slave of 
one James Bates. 

John Coulter Bates, probably a son of Frederick or Edward 
Bates, was formerly Chief -of -Staff of the Army. He was born in 
1842, was graduated from Washington University, St. Louis, and 
was made First Lieutenant of the Eleventh United States In- 
fantry, Missouri, in 1861, serving with marked credit in the Civil 
War. He also served in the Spanish-American War and was 
made Brigadier-General of the United States Volunteers. After 
brilliant service in the Philippines he advanced to the grade of 
Lieu tenant-General and Chief -of -Staff of the Army. He was re- 
tired in 1906. 

Samuel Penniman Bates, Educator, received the LL.D. 
degree from Westminster College in 1862, and from Allegheny 
College in 1877. He was a contributor to volume twelve of the 
Encyclopedia Britannica. 

In the early days when the younger members of the English 
families came to this country, it was usually in order to make 
or replenish their fortunes, as it was customary for the oldest 
sous to inherit the family estates. Having become members of 
the colonies they felt constrained to cast their lot with the Ameri- 
cans in their struggle for freedom. Many of the Bates fought 
bravely for the cause. On the rolls of the New England colonies, 
Pennsylvania, North Carolina, South Carolina and Missouri the 
name often occurs. Some were wounded at Yorktown; some 
were killed at Brandywine. Among the troops in the Revolution 
were : John Bates, 1778 ; Phillip, 1779 ; George, 1778 ; Henry, 1777. 
In North Carolina, Frederick, Luke, Edgar and James Bates. 
The name is recorded also on church and army rolls. 

William Bates, who lived south of Dublin, Ireland, came to 
this country in 1681, and finding Newton Creek, West Jersey, 
an inviting place, purchased five hundred acres of land there. 
In 1683 he was one of the Representatives from the Irish Tenth 
in the Legislature of the Province. His descendants have spread 
through nearly every State in the Union. 

Barnabas Bates, born in England, came to America when 
very young and was made Collector of the Port at Bristol, Rhode 
Island, under President John Quincy Adams. He was also acting 
Postmaster under Jackson, and was instrumental in having the 
land postage reduced. He died in 1853. 

Thus the name has been represented in all parts of our coun- 
try North, South, East, and West in times of war as in times 
of peace. 

In 1815 a colony from Rhode Island journeyed into South 
Carolina on a tour of inspection, searching for good water-sites, 
on which to erect cotton mills. Some of the company settled in 
Spartanburg County where they found ample water-power for 



WILLIAM T. CAl'KKS I'.A'l K< 

industrial purposes. One Willi;ini, who was traveling with the 
company pushed on into Rnihei -ford County, whore he erected a 
building and at once began the spinning ol' cotton yarn. Before 
this, however, when the lirsi census was taken in the year 171)0. 
(lie following were in South Carolina: .John Bates, Andrew, Flem- 
ing, Henry, Henry, Humphrey. Isaac, Isaac -lames, John, John. 
Joseph, Michael, Richard, Richard, Richard's sons and daughters. 
Captain Thomas Bates, of Edgefield, South Carolina, in 
ITSi', was a man of great wealth and prominence, and his home 
was near the beautiful town of Batesburg, named after the family. 
Thomas married a daughter of Wade Holstein. One son was born 
to them: Norman Alonzo Bates, in 1850. In those day in South 

%t 

Carolina, the acquiring of a good primary education was most 
difficult, so Norman was sent to the Ben Neeley Institute in 
Augusta, Georgia. In 1867, he became an active cotton planter 
and amassed considerable wealth. 

Joshua Bates, son of Joshua Bates, a Colonel in the Revolu- 
tionary Army, was born in 1788. His family was among the first 
immigrants to New England in 1833. They came to Plymouth 
County. Joshua Bates was a man of wonderful ability. He went 

. , 

to London as Agent of the William Gray Company, of Boston, 
and some time after, established a banking house with a son of 
Sir Thomas Baring of London. In the points of issue between 
Great Britain and the United States, which grew out of the War 
of 1812, he was chosen umpire and his decisions were readily 
accepted by both parties. He donated fifty thousand dollars to 
the Public Library of Boston, and one of the reading rooms was 
called Bates Hall in his honor. He later added thirty thousand 
volumes to his gift of money. He died in London in 1864. 

The ancestors of Doctor William T. Capers Bates, went to 
South Carolina from Virginia or directly from England. Jacob 
Bates, his grandfather, lived in Newberry County, South Caro- 
lina. It is supposed that the original progenitor in this country, 
who was an Englishman, first settled in one of these colonies. 
Jacob was a respected and prominent man in his County of New- 
berry, where he was at one time a civil magistrate. He was also 
Captain of a company of militia. He married Sarah Wooley. 
whose people were of Maryland. Their son, Rezin Wesley Bates, 
studied medicine and, after receiving his degree of M.D., became 
a practicing physician. He rose to prominence in his profession 
and his popularity caused him to be elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He was chairman of the committee on roads, 
bridges and ferries. He is described as having been a man of 
great energy .and determination and high moral principles. He 
married Elizabeth Evans, of Welsh descent, and they were the 
parents of Doctor Bates of St. Mathews, Calhoun County, South 
Carolina, who was born at McCantsville, Orangeburg County, 
July 16, 1848. 



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 229 

The Welsh family of Evaus was founded by Ethelystan Glob- 
drydd, Prince of Finlys, head of the fourth Royal Tribe of Wales. 
His lands were within the boundaries of the Severn and the Wye, 
and it is said that he was descended from one of the knights of 
King Arthur's Round Table. The arms of this old and princely 
family indicate that its members were lovers of the chase and 
show their ancient lineage. 

The seat of the princes of the line of Ethelystan was in the 
County of Flint, at "Northorpe," and they later acquired lands in 
Pembrokeshire, Ca^rmarthanshire and Shropshire. 

When Penn established his Province, it was intended pri- 
marily for settlement by members of the Society of Friends, of 
which he was a leading light. But both Baptists and Pres- 
byterians sought homes in this colony where all sects were wel- 
come. 

In Welsh tract were Merion, Haverford, and Radnor. The 
first of these settlements was made entirely by Friends or, as 
commonly called, Quakers, but Welsh Baptists came to Radnor 
or Pencador Hundred, as early as 1683. In 1736, quite a com- 
pany of this sect removed to South Carolina, taking up the land 
and establishing a church organization on the banks of the Pedee 
River, the location being called "Welsh Neck." Among others 
was David Evans, son or grandson of one of the three original 
proprietors of Radnor. 

The will in New Castle of John Evans who died in Pencador 
Hundred, in 1717, named a brother Thomas, as his executor and 
mentions four sons, one of them beius: Nathaniel. Thomas, set- 
tled in Welsh Neck as a deacon in 1736. 

Nathaniel Evans settled in Cat Fish, in the lower part of 
Welsh Neck tract. His son, David, was a man well known in 
that section, and a soldier in the Revolution. Three other 
founders, James, Lucas and Baker settled near Evans, and the 
families intermarried, one of the Baker girls becoming an Evans. 

"Nathan was the grandfather of the late Thomas Evans, and 
General William Evans of Marion, ^outh Carolina. The father 
of General Evans was also named Nathan, and was a man of up- 
right character throughout life." 

It is more than likely that the Evans men participated in 
that historic feast of sweet potatoes and swamp water, offered 
to the British officer who visited General Marion in the hope of 
arriving at terms of peace. This officer was so impressed with the 
spirit of the men who were enduring all manner of hardships for 
the cause of liberty, that he resigned his commission on return- 
ing to his command. 

Nathaniel Evans married three times, first Miss Edith God- 
bold, second Miss Fore and third, Miss Elizabeth Ann Rogers. 
He had eight children and their descendants are now scattered all 
through the State. 



230 WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 

Thomas Evans (third generation) was born in 1700. He was 
a member of the South Carolina State Senate from 1832 to 1840. 
It is said that he so closely resembled John C. Calhoun as to be 
frequently mistaken for him. The old Evans homestead, where 
Thomas was born is located near the town of Marion. His resi- 
dence is now known as the Moody place in Marion. Thomas's 
wife is reputed to have been a woman of great beauty of character 
and unbounded hospitality, and her character has been prized by 
each generation and handed down as a precious example to be 
imitated by her descendants. 

Fitz Lee gave a glowing account of how "Shanks" Evans, his 
comrade, with a small body of seven hundred men kept a force 
of eighteen hundred Union troops in check until help arrived in 
the persons of Jackson and Hampton, leading reinforcements. 

Not only soldiers and statesmen adorn the roll of the Evans 
family, but there are to be found doctors, lawyers and merchants 
of the highest type. 

As a boy, Doctor Bates was rather frail and he attributes the 
good health he has had in later life to the fact that his early years 
were spent in the country, running and racing, assisting in the 
work of the farm, living in the sunlight and drinking in with the 
free pure air a love of nature and of nature's handiwork. In help- 
ing to tend the farm animals, he developed an instinct of kindness 
towards these dumb brutes ; in doing his share of the cultivation 
of the fields, he learned to look with interest on all growing things 
and to handle them with gentle, loving fingers, flowers especially, 
having a great charm for him. In the necessary practice of self- 
denial, economy and energy, he received many lessons which were 
to be of inestimable value to him in later life. Fortunate, indeed, 
is the boy who early learns self-control through self-denial, char- 
ity for his fellow man through love of plants and flowers, animals 
and song birds, the wisdom of energy through personal effort and 
the value of money through economy. Developing in so whole- 
some an atmosphere, country scenes and sports became a source 
of constant delight to this sensitive boy, and also of profit to his 
physical well-being. 

Like all truly great men, Doctor Bates attributes most of his 
success to the strong influence of his mother's teaching and 
example. He characterizes his father as "a man of strong will- 
power, uncompromising and determined in his stand for prin- 
ciples of righteousness and justice, and untiring energy." Only 
the self-sufficient man of small mind withholds from his parents 
the honor and gratitude that every true man should feel. 

As is often the case with boys who are not physically strong, 
Doctor Bates, in his youth, was devoted to reading and found 
most pleasure and profit in the perusal of the Bible and in the 
plays of Shakespeare. 



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 231 

In 1864, though only sixteen years of age, he added his small 
portion of service to the yet unconquered forces of the Confed- 
erates. Having inherited a natural love of medical studies and 
an aptitude and intelligent ability from his father, and, as it 
was the desire of his parents that he should become a physician, 
he went, after attending Pine Grove Academy, to the University 
of South Carolina where he received his degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine in 1868. In 1868-69, he took a post-graduate course at Belle- 
vue Medical College. In order to make himself even more efficient, 
Doctor Bates, in 1883, worked in the New York hospitals, render- 
ing valuable service. While in active practice, he kept in touch 
with the discoveries and new practices of his profession and never 
ceased to be a student and a reader. His first wife, whom he 
married in 1872, was Mary B. Wannamaker, and they had no 
children. 

After practicing medicine in St. Matthews till 1881, Doctor 
Bates located in Columbia, South Carolina, where he made a 
specialty of mental and nervous diseases, and so well was his 
ability recognized, that he was elected President of the Kichland 
County Medical Society. 

On account of failing health, never having been a strong man, 
he returned in 1886 to his old home. In 1887, he was made Presi- 
dent of the Bank of St. Matthews. For three terms, he was State 
Treasurer of South Carolina, holding this office from November, 
1890, to February, 1897. At this time, his position was a most 
difficult one, as the financial condition in South Carolina was 
critical. For twenty years he has been a trustee of the South 
Carolina College, and has served three times as intendant of St. 
Matthews. 

Doctor Bates' second wife, Lilian Rigby Dally, of New York, 
is daughter of John Richard Dally, Captain of Engineers, United 
States Coast Guard, and Hattie Sophia Sullivan, of Canada. By 
this union he had two sons, John William, born in 1914, who died 
the same year, and William Wesley, born May 28, 1916, who is a 
fine, promising boy. 

Doctor Bates is a Democrat and was a member of the County 
Executive Committee in 1876, and township chairman. He has 
always worked for the general improvement of his town, both 
from a business and a moral standpoint. 

In appearance Doctor Bates is an aristocratic gentleman of 
the old Southern school. Quiet and dignified in bearing, his 
native gentleness and kindly manner elicit the confidence and 
respect of all with whom he comes in contact. 



WILLIAM PRESTON BISHOP 

THE Bishop i'ainily is an ancient and honorable one. 
Mention is made as early as the year (J4T of one Benedict 
1,( -st-opius, a Saxon and a man of uoble race, who in his 
youth was a soldier and was granted sixty hides of land 
for military services by Oswy, King of Northumberland. Two 
monasteries, one in honor of St. Peter and one dedicated to St. 
Paul were founded by him. An ancient manuscript is in exist- 
ence which states that Walter Bisshopp, who came from Gascony 
with King Henry II, was descended from Sibille (Sybilla), sister 
of this Benedict Bescopius. Walter married the daughter an 1 
heiress of Sir John Pocklington, who was descended from a race 
existing before the Norman Conquest, and by this alliance he 
acquired the lordship of Pocklington. His grandson, Theo, is 
said to have been Abbott of Beverly, and there is also mentioned 
one John, who was Prior of Braxley. 

Thomas, about fourteenth in descent from Walter, served in 
Parliament for Gatton; was Sheriff of County Surrey in 1585 
and again in 1602. He was created a baronet in July 1620. His 
son, Sir Edward, was knighted by Charles I at Hampton Court, 
December 18, 1625. For his loyalty to his king. Sir Edward 
suffered imprisonment and was heavily fined. He married Lady 
Mary Tufton, daughter of Nicholas, Earl of Thanet. The present 
representative of this branch of the Bisshoff family in England is 
Sir Cecil Augustus Bisshopp of Parham Park, County Sussex, 
Ninth Baronet. 

Colonel William Preston Bishop, with whom this sketch has 
principally to deal, was born near Spartanburg, South Carolina, 
August 25, 1828. He was the son of Barney and Sarah (Evans) 
Bishop. His father was a planter whose residence was situated 
on the shores of Lawson's Fork, and who was a man highly es- 
teemed and respected in his community. Coloney Bishop also, 
as was natural, was a farmer, and was considered one of the 
leaders in the progressive and successful agricultural develop- 
ment of his County. 

c/ 

However much doubt there may be of the descent of the 
Bishops from Sybilla, it must be admitted at least that the mili- 
tary spirit of old Benedict seems to have been transmitted, for 
among their number are found many who have fought bravely 
and well in defense of their country. "Captain Buck," as Colonel 
Bishop was familiarly called, was descended from a Revolution- 

[232] 



WILLIAM PRESTON BISHOP 235 

ary soldier and had two brothers who fought in the Mexican War. 
In 1847 these brothers, Simpson and Jack, enlisted and served 
with Colonel Pierce Butler's command, the Palmetto Sharp 
Shooters, in Mexico. When, the war over, Simpson was returning 
home ill of wounds and disease contracted in the service, he died 
in Mobile, Alabama, and was buried in that city. 

*/ 

Before the outbreak of the Civil War, that fearful four years' 

/ 

struggle which broke so many hearts and ruined so many homes, 
Colonel Bishop received his commission of Captain of the Lawson 
Fork Vouuteers, "Red Legs." He was later elected Major of the 
Upper Battalion, Thirty-sixth Regiment S. C. M. After South 
Carolina passed the ordinance of secession he was raised to the 
rank of Colonel of his regiment. This was before the real fighting 
began. Under orders from the Governor he assembled his com- 
mand on December 24, 1861, on Bomar's Old Field, which was 
their usual place of rendezvous, and called earnestly for volun- 
teers to defend the State. Four companies were formed at this 
time and Colonel Bishop was given command of one of these with 
the title of Captain. They were mustered into the service in Jan- 
uary, 1862. In the following year, after his company "had been 
transferred to Virginia and had been into Maryland and back 
to Virginia," he resigned and went home, but later returned to the 
front in Virginia. At the siege of Petersburg he was wounded 
twice ; the first wound was slight, but the other was of so severe 
a nature that there was grave danger of its proving fatal, a large 
minie ball having completely penetrated his right arm and body. 
After treatment for some time in the Richmond hospital, how T - 
ever, he was able to be taken home. He was returning to the front 
after his recovery when he received the news of Lee's surrender. 

When a young man Colonel Bishop joined the Baptist 
Church and was later made a deacon. He was a conscientious 
Christian, an honored and respected member of his community, 
and an affectionate father to his large family of children. His 
wife, Miss Polly Brannon, born February 5, 1830, daughter of 
William and Judith (Seay) Brannon, and also of Revolutionary 
descent, was a most charming woman. She was a granddaughter 
of Reuben Seay, who fought in the War for Independence. He 
was shot at the Siege of Yorktown, the wound resulting in his 
loss of sight. 

The children of Colonel and Mrs. Bishop are: Sarah A., 
Xancy A., Lou R., Cassia A., Dudley H., James A., Emma, Judith, 
Thomas, Peter S., Rosa. Mary, Hattie and Barney. One child 
died in infancy. 

f 

Colonel Bishop's grandfather was William Bishop, who with 
his brother Edward, tried to effect a settlement near Lincolnton, 
North Carolina, but being discouraged by the hostile attitude of 
the Indians, they moved farther south and finally settled on oppo- 



236 WILLIAM PRESTON BISHOP 

site sides of Standing Stone Creek, a short distance west of Spar- 
tanburg. The part where Edward settled was later known as the 
Mabry Place, near New Pisgah Church. Both brothers lived 
and died in their homes by the Creek ; both raised large families 
and both fonght as Revolutionary soldiers. Among the children 
of William was Barney, father of Colonel Bishop. The father 
and mother of William and Edward, whose names have unfortu- 
nately been lost sight of, came from Ireland with the early set- 
tlers. The Bishops are numbered among the modern Irish 
Gentrv who went into Ireland with the Croniwellian Settlement, 

mt 

or about that time. It is from this branch, no doubt, that Colonel 
Bishop's great-grandfather came. There were other children of 
these Irish emigrants, but the details are not on record. History 
tells of a Mcholas Bishop who was taken prisoner with a number 
of others when Tarleton raided South Carolina. This man was 
eighty years old and deaf, and his only crime was that he had 
eight or nine sons fighting for freedom in the American Army. 
How, in spite of his misery, must the old man's heart have swelled 
with pride of these sons, and how truly might their mother have 
said : "Here are my jewels." 

In the records of the "Old Stone Church," Oconee Countv. 

*/ / 

South Carolina, in a list of dead in the cemeterv is the entrv. 

,< t/ 7 

"Nicholas Bishop and wife." It seems probable that Mcholas 
the prisoner and this Mcholas were the same person, and that he 
was the father not only of William and Edward who fought in 
the Revolution, but of others. 

In the first census of the United States for Spartanburg 
County, South Carolina, which was taken in 1790, there appears 
the following: "William Bishop 2 free white males of 16 years 
and upward including heads of families. 5 free white males 
under 16 years. 5 free white females including heads of families." 
It would seem that this William was the grandfather of Colonel 
Bishop. There is also mention of other Bishops, some of whom 
were doubtless brothers of William and Edward. Landrum's 
History of Upper South Carolina gives an account of the murder 
by Indians of a Mr. Bishop. His wife escaped, but the children 
were captured, later, however, being rescued. These probably 
belonged to the same family. 

Surnames were not anciently used, each having its origin in 
some occupation, location, disposition or characteristic of the 
individual who first bore it, or even from something merely asso- 
ciated with that person's life, and sometimes the logical fitness of 
the "nickname" was rather obscure. There existed in England 
a custom of electing a boy bishop on St. Nicholas' Day. This play 
was very popular and the sobriquet would naturally cling to the 
boy who had been singled out from the others and chosen bishop. 
Some authorities think that the patronymic "Bishop" originated 




FL .WILLIAM P. BISHOP 



WILLIAM PRESTON BISHOP 239 

in this way. Another origin might have been in the custom of 
giving this title to a person of sedate or ecclesiastical appearance. 

However this may be, the name has been and still is repre- 
sented in the various professions in different sections of the 
United States as well as in Europe. There were many of the name 
prominent in the early settlements, many were grantees of land 
in the different colonies whose standing was high in their com- 
munities, and many fought as officers and privates in the Revolu- 
tion. In England, too, the name leads in the various ranks and 
occupations, and it is found no less than eight times in the admis- 
sions to Gray's Inn between the years 1584 and 1724, showing 
that those w T ho bore it, have been men of education seeking to 
enter the ranks of the legal professions. 

Sir Henry Rowley Bishop, an eminent English musician and 
composer of operas, was born in London, November 18, 1786, and 
died in that city, April 30, 1855. Among his many works are: 
"The Miller and his Men," "The Slave," "Maid Marion," and 
"Clari." This last contains the beautiful melody so familiar to 
us all which accompanies John Howard Payne's "Home, Sweet 
Home." 

In Salem, Massachusetts, Edward Bishop and Sarah his wife 
were imprisoned for witchcraft in 1692. They managed to make 
their escape, but their property was seized; it was, however, re- 
deemed bv their son Samuel. 

t> 

In a sketch of the History of Attleborough, by John Daggett, 
occurs the following : 

"Among the families who came to this town early was that 
of Bishop, several members of it coming from Salem, Massachu- 
setts, in 1703. Members of this family were prominent in town 
affairs during the Revolution, and a number were in active serv- 
ice. At least six were volunteers from the town. On the Bishop 
farm many guns were forged which acted their part in the War 
for Independence." 

Timothy Bishop, son of Daniel and Louisa (Hotchkiss) 
Bishop, of New Haven, Connecticut, was born in 1775 and died at 
the age of ninety-seven, being at that time Major of the Second 
Foot Guards. He was the oldest graduate of Yale and the last 
graduate of the eighteenth century. There were seven Bishops 
graduated from Yale in 1833. 

Hon. James Bishop, New Haven, Connecticut, was Secretary 
of the Colony in 1651, and Deputy Governor from 1683 until his 
death in 1691. 

Among writers of note the name of C. E. Bishop, M.A., Ph.D., 
stands out conspicuously. A Greek scholar, he is the author of 
important philological monographs on Greek verbals. 

Prominent also, is the name of Joseph Bucklin Bishop, an 
American journalist, author and public official. He was born at 



240 WILLIAM PRESTON BISHOP 

Seabrook, Massachusetts, and after his graduation he started 
newspaper editorial work on the New York Tribune. Later he 
wrote for the New York Evening Post, and in 1900 was Chief of 
the editorial staff of the New York Globe. In 1915 he was ap- 
pointed Secretary of the Isthmian Canal Commission, having 
charge of construction and publicity plans, and edited "The Canal 
Record," a weekly paper. His writings are extensive. 

Another author of note is William Henry Bishop, American 
novelist. He was graduated from Yale in 1867. Some of his 
works are: "The House of a Merchant Prince," "The Golden Jus- 
tice," "The Brownstone Boy and Other Queer People." He was 
appointed United States Consul at Genoa in 1903 and Consul at 
Palermo in 1905. 

An American physician who has attained distinction is 
Doctor Seth Scott Bishop. He was graduated in 1876 from 
Northwestern University and was afterwards Professor of Otol- 
ogy at the Chicago Post-Graduate Medical School and Hospital. 
He was also Professor of diseases of the nose, throat and ear at 
the Illinois Medical College. He published several medical books. 

Many pages could be filled with the names of prominent men 
who have been members of this illustrious family, but space does 
not permit. The Bishops in America have a right to a feeling of 
pride in the name, and no doubt this old and honorable family will 
continue to give its sons freely and generously for the defense of 
the country and for the general good and improvement of the 
people. 



GEORGE BASKERVILLE BRIDGEFORTH 

GEORGE BASKERVILLE BRIDGFORTH, born in Essex 
County, Virginia, November 15, 1823, was the son of 
Thomas Bridgforth, a planter. He owned a plantation 
and cultivated tobacco like many other successful gen- 
tlemen whose homes were located in Virginia, the mother of all 
other States, in that it was the first to be settled by the English 
Avhen colonization of America began. 

The name of Bridgforth is found first in 1004 when it was 
borne in the form of Byrhtfirth, by a monk. It next appears as 
Brigford in 1635. The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland 
shows that two men by the names of John and Thomas Brigford 
of Stonehaven, in the County of Kirkardine, were brought before 
the court charged with malicious damage to property. Another 
mention of these same two men tells that they were Scotch 
yeomen "right brave and merry." 

In the register of the Great Seal of Scotland, April 4, 1662, 
is a Charter dated at Whitehall, granting to George, Marquis of 
Huntlie, son of George, Marquis of Huntlie, for some "eminent 
services" certain lands, among them Bridgfoord in Banffshire, 
Scotland. Another Charter written at Edinburgh, Scotland, 
March 3, 1662, granted lands to George O'Gilrie of Barras, Knight 
Baronet, among them a piece of land adjacent to Bridgfuird in 
Kincardineshire. Two years later in 1665 another Charter 
granted lands to "Robert Douglas, only lawful son of Robert 
Douglas, Senior, of Brigfurd and his heirs male by Margaret 
Gray," etc. Later on in the Charter, the grant is referred to as 
"barony of Brigfoord, sheriffdom of Kincardine." 

At present the name is still represented in Scotland and is 
also to be found in England in the form of Bridgford. It is the 
surname of the late Lieutenant-Colonel the Honorable Robert 
Bridgford of the second volunteer Battalion, Manchester Regi- 
ment, also Companion of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, 
Justice of the Peace for the Counties of Hereford and Lancaster 
and Deputy-Lieutenant for the County of Hereford. He was born 
in 1836 and was the son of J. R. Bridgford of Manchester. 

The yeoman family of Brigdgforth or Bridgforth continued 
to flourish in Scotland, and in the earlier part of the eighteenth 
century the name begins to appear in the records of Virginia. 
As early as 1719 record is found of one James Bridgforth who 
received a grant of four hundred acres in King and Queen 

[243] 



GEORGE BASKERVILLE BRIDGEFORTH 

County, Virginia. Later, in 1725, this same James Bridgforth of 
St. Stephen's Parish, King and Queen County sold to Garvin 
Corbin of Stratton Major Parish, King and Queen County, for 
forty pounds currency, four hundred acres of land in Saint George 
Parish, Spotsylvania County, formerly in Stratton Major Parish, 
King and Queen County. This land had been granted by patent 
to said Bridgforth, February 20, 1719. Also on August 1725 
James Bridgforth gave to Colonel Garvin Corbin a Bill of Sale 
of Cattle on the plantation transferred in the foregoing deed. 
The whole was recorded September 7, 1725. There is some con- 
fusion as to Counties, but it must be remembered that the Vir- 
ginia legislature created Spotsylvania County in 1720, out of 
parts of Essex, King William and King and Queen Counties. 

In 1786 the marriage of William Bridgford and Lucy Long 
took place, and was recorded in the Caroline County marriage 
bonds on October 12. This William Bridgford was probably the 
grandson of James Bridgeforth to whom the plantation was 
granted. 

No record can be found of any of the family having served in 
the Revolutionary War, but those representing the name may 
have been either too old or too young to render military help to 
their country at that time. 

In 1790, however, four years after the marriage of William 
Bridgford there came to America three brothers, Thomas, Robert 
and Benjamin Bridgforth. They came from the County of Kin- 
cardine and settled in Virginia somewhere in Essex County. The 
record of the first census taken in 1790 shows Benjamin Bridg- 
forth residing in Amelia and being the head of a family of seven,, 
as well as owning four dwellings and seven other buildings. In 
the same census mention is also made of Thomas Bridgford, who 
was head of a family consisting of three whites and two blacks. 
This family resided in Lancaster County, Virginia. Xo mention 

/ y / c? 

is made of Robert and it is probable that he went to the great 
northwest, as one bearing the name of Bridgford enlisted in a 
Wisconsin regiment during the Civil War, though no trace can be 
obtained of his family. 

Many of the parish registers and public documents were 
burned during the Civil War and after 1790 no further record 
of the family of Bridgforth can be found until 1828, when the will 
of John Bridgforth, grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was made. This will w T as made in Brunswick County, Virginia, 
and Benjamin J. R. Bridgforth qualified as Administrator of his 
estate. One of his sons, Thomas, was a Virginia planter and the 
father of George Baskerville Bridgforth. 

Through marriage the family has become connected with many 
prominent families of Virginia, among them the Baskervilles. 
This family originally spelled the name Bakerville or Baskervylle 



GEORGE BASKERVILLE BRIDGEFORTH 245 

and is of good old Scotch ancestry and well represented in Vir- 
ginia. One George Baskerville served on the county committee 
for Mecklenburg County, Virginia, in 1775. Another John B. 
Baskerville of Pulaski County was County clerk for three years 
from 1864 to 1867 and W. Baskerville of Mecklenburg County 
was County clerk from 1795 to 1814. A pencil note on the old 
register says : "He gave general satisfaction and kept the records 
neatly and legibly." As early as 1676 John Baskervyle, in behalf 
of York County, sent a petition to William Berkeley to admit 
William Booth, Edward Mosse and Eobert Cobb into a commis- 
sion. Norwell Baskerville is mentioned as security on a marriage 
bond in Amelia County, Virginia, in 1735. 

Thomas Bridgforth married Lucy Kivers Collier, who w r as 
descended from an ancient family. The name Collier originated 
in Scotland from the occupation of dealing in coal. "Colliers bor- 
row that appelative from an ancestor, having, when pursued by 
enemies, concealed himself in a coal-pit." This name has been in 
the British Peerage for many years. The Collyer's of Hackford 
Hall of Norfolk, England, are known to have a very illustrious 
ancestry. The name frequently appears in America, both in New 
England and in other States. The earliest mention of it is in 
New England when, on November 3, 1637, Constant Southworth 
married Elizabeth, daughter of William Collier. His son Thomas 
married Elizabeth, the daughter of John and Frances Clark Rey- 
ner and founded the Southworth family in America. William 
Collier had come over with the "Merchant Adventurers," as they 
were called, a little later than the Mayflower. His name is sub- 
scribed to an agreement made in Plymouth Colony, November 25, 
1626. He seems to have stood high in Colonial affairs, for it is 
noted that he served on a committee with Captain Miles Standish, 
for the purpose of devising a means of defending the colony 
against the treacherous and frequent attacks of Indians. Later 
on, William Collier was licensed to sell liquor in the colony of 
Plymouth. This shows him to have been respected and esteemed, 
for in those days no one but a thoroughly upright and conscien- 
tious man was entrusted with such a license. John Collier and 
Charles Collier are mentioned in 1739 as being vestrymen in the 
Parish of King and Queen and King William Counties, Virginia, 
established in 1664 and 1665. 

The Virginia family from which Lucy Rives Collier descended 
came early to this country. Mention is made of John Collier in 
1745. His name was used in connection with some tobacco that 
had been drowned in Gray's Creek warehouse. Thomas Collier 
was also mentioned in the same act. Later, in 1752, John Collier 
was again mentioned in a Virginia act as receiving, with other 
Virginians, payment for several hundred pounds of choice leaf 
tobacco which had been destroyed by dampness in a warehouse. 



2i6 GEORGE DASKKUVIM.E BRIDGEFOKTH 

Mention is also made in another record, of Hubert Collier, great- 
grandfather of .Tolin. He brought suit against one Remnant and 
others on October _r, Kiir>. Another branch of the family, also 
living in Virginia, spelled the name Collyer. They resided in 
Worcester fount v and record is found of the marriage of Henry 
Fairfax of St. Nicholas and Rachel Collyer of Saint Martins, May 
5, 1607. 

Mr. Bridgforth married, November 26, 1850, Sallie Ann Seay 
of Luneuburg County, Virginia, and died October 20, 1869. She 
came of good old Scotch stock, her father being descended from 
the ancient Scotch family of Seys, or Sais, as the name was first 
s] '<]].]. Later it was changed to Saies, Seyes and finally became 
Seay. The founder of the family of that name was Howell Sais 
of Boverton, first known in the time of Edward III. The coat of 
arms of one of the earliest members of the Sais is described 
as follows: "Sable a chevron between three fluer-de-lys argent." 
The family was very numerous and the Seys of Gaer are descended 
from them. Roger Seys, mentioned as vicar of Llangevelach, is 
the ancestor of a long line of stalwart warriors, statesmen and 
politicians. The family possesses a connected genealogy to 1767. 

It is said that the Seys of Boverton originated from Eneas 
Seys who was given as a hostage to William the Conqueror for 
the good conduct of Glamorganshire in Scotland. Some of the 
members of this family were among the early settlers of Virginia 
and, like their ancestors in Scotland, proved themselves honest 
and industrious. 

The Bridgforth family is spread all through Virginia and 
one branch, descended from Benjamin, lives in Mississippi. 

George Baskerville Bridgforth received his education in the 
public schools of Wilkinson County, Mississippi, after which, in 
1846, he returned to his father's plantation "Woodlawn" in Vir- 
ginia. Having finished his education he began to assist his father 
in the management of his estate. Later on he engaged in the iron 
foundry business as well as in the lumber trade, being president 
and general manager of the iron foundry, near Blacks and 
Whites, Nottaway County, Virginia. In politics, a Democrat, 
Mr. Bridgforth served as magistrate and justice of the peace for 
a number of years. He also bore his part in the Civil War, that 
great fraticidal struggle that convulsed the Union for four long 
years and brought forth in the end a new Union, stronger and 
greater than before. He held the rank of Captain, Commissary 
General. 

Mr. Bridgforth was a Steward in Fletchers Chapel Methodist 
Episcopal Church of Lunenburg County, Virginia. Of his mar- 
riage to Sallie Ann Seay were born seven children: George 
Thomas, Mary Collier, Ann Jane, Sallie Lee, Louis William, 
Austin Seay and Baskerville. Austin Seay Bridgforth married 
Sallie Sidney Manson and they have six children. 




ROBERT DAVID CALDWELL 

lOBERT DAVID CALDWELL of Lumberton, North Caro- 

Vlina, controlling head of local cotton manufacturies 
operating with a capital of approximately half a million 
dollars, initiated his career in the mercantile world as a 
bookkeeper for his uncle in his native town of Lumberton. Am- 
bitious for a wider range in which to exercise his trained capa- 
bilities, after seven years of this routine work he and Mr. W. W. 
Carlyle, brother of Mrs. Caldwell, entered into a co-partnership 
with a modest capital. When this mercantile business was estab- 
lished, the senior member of the new firm of Caldwell and Carlyle, 
was but twenty-six years of age. In 1912 he bought out his part- 
ner's share and reorganized the business. Under the corporate 
name of R. D. Caldwell and Son, Inc., the house now carries on 
an extensive business. Mr. Caldwell is President of the Lum- 
berton Cotton Mill Company, and of the Dresden Cotton Mill 
Company. He is also director of the Jennings Cotton Milling 
Company and Vice-President of the National Bank of Lumberton. 
As a member of the State Board of Internal Improvements and 
chairman of the Board of County Commissioners he was a force- 

/ 

ful unit in both County and State affairs. 

A useful and enterprising citizen, he is a deacon in the 
Baptist Church, a Master Mason and, in politics, a Democrat. 

Robert David Caldwell was born February 11, 1859, and is 
the son of Benjamin and Mary Ann Caldwell. He has lived all 
his life in the town of his birth and Lumberton is proud to claim 
him as her son and citizen, and points with appreciation to his 
ever-growing usefulness to the community. No doubt Mr. Cald- 
well entertains some feeling of gratification that his success has 
been largely due to his own early and persistent efforts, and cer- 
tainly credit is due him for clear foresight, good judgment and 
determined perseverance. 

Mr. Caldwell married Miss Sarah Davis Carlyle at Lumber- 
ton May 26, 1884. She was a daughter of Simeon C. and Sarah 
Carlyle. In compliment to her father the name of Simeon was 
given to their first son. 

Mr. Caldwell is a friend of education and has given his chil- 
dren the benefits of the most advanced institutions of learning in 
his native State. He was himself a graduate of the Lumberton 
Grammar School and of Ansonville Academy before entering the 
business world at the age of nineteen. He is trustee of the Lum- 

[249] 



250 ROBERT DAVID CALDAYELL 

berton Graded Schools, and, also, of Wake Forest College, North 
Carolina, which is the Alma Mater of his son and business part- 
ner, Simeon Foster Caldwell. 

In 1915 Simeon Foster married Miss Kuth Keister, of Pul- 
aski, Virginia, who is a graduate of Elizabeth College, another 
North Carolina institution, located at Charlotte. At the present 
time Master Kobert Caldwell and Master William Caldwell, 
younger sons of Mr. Caldwell, are pupils of the Lumberton Graded 
School. Their sister, Annie Euth Caldwell, exhibits strong 
musical talents. As a student at the New England Conservatory 
she is receiving the encouragement of the best training obtainable 
in the American school of harmony. Miss Caldwell is a graduate 
of Meredith College, Kaleigh. 

The Caldwells are of Scotch-Irish ancestry. Three men of 
this name John, Spencer, and Henry emigrated to America 
about the year 1775. John and Henry are reputed to have settled 
in North Carolina, and Spencer in South Carolina. In the first 
Federal census, taken in 1790, Henry Caldwell appears as a resi- 
dent of Charleston District, South Carolina. Among the tax- 
payers of Granville County, North Carolina, the same year, is 
found John Caldwell assessed for thirty-five acres of land in St. 
Thomas' District. A John Caldwell also appears in Judge 
O'NealPs Annals of Newberry District as a member of the Bush 
River Baptist colony, and as a Captain in the war of 1812. It is 
family tradition that John and Henry died in 1820. The subse- 
quent history of Spencer has not been traced. Inadequate records 
in this part of the country are the despair of the genealogist. 

Lumberton is the seat of Robeson County. As this county 
formed from Bladen in 1786 borders on South Carolina, it is 
not unlikely that during the century and a half which has elapsed 
since the arrival of the pioneers, the transmigrations of North and 
South Carolina Caldwells across the nearby Carolina boundary 
have resulted in an intermingling, if not a confusion, of the 
descendants of Henry and Spencer with those of John. In this 
connection it is notable that the same personal names occur in 
the Caldwell lineage of both Carolinas. Eminent men of this 
name have appeared in Virginia, Kentucky, and the Carolinas, 
but probably North Carolina may claim the greatest number who 
have attained prominence in politics and education, and in the 
fields of divinity, medicine and jurisprudence. 

Doctor Charles Caldwell, a native of North Carolina,, re- 
moved to Lexington, Kentucky, where he held a professorship at 
Transylvania College. He was a popular writer on many sub- 
jects, and published some valuable pamphlets on medical studies. 
He was one of the founders of the School of Medicine in Louis- 
ville, and at the time of his death, which occurred in that city in 
1853, at the age of ninety years, was probably one of the oldest 
practicing physicians in the United States. 



ROBERT DAVID CALDWELL 251 

i 

Doctor David Franklin Caldwell and Honorable Joseph Pear- 
son Caldwell were brothers, and distinguished North Carolinians. 
The former born in 1790, resided in Iredell County. He was edu- 
cated at Chapel Hill, the seat of the State University, and after 
graduating, studied law in the office of Honorable Archibald Hen- 
derson, of Salisbury. He was a member of the House of Com- 
mons from Iredell in 1816-17-18-19, and represented Kowan in 
the Senate in 1829-30-31. Of the latter body he was chosen 
speaker. As Judge of the Superior Court his name is luminous 
in the legal annals of North Carolina. Joseph Pearson Caldwell, 
was also a man of marked ability. Born in 1808, he grew to man- 
hood in the interesting political period of 1825-30, and chose the 
excitement of political life. He was elected to the legislature 
in 1833-34, member of the House of Commons 183840-42, and 
m'ember of the thirty-first and thirty-second Congresses. Such 
brief chronological summary of his career, however, is inadequate 
to describe the fullness of those brilliant years of public life. His 
death took place June 30th, 1853. 

In France the earliest record of the Caldwells relates to John, 
Alexander and Oliver, who early in the sixteenth century were 
members of a Mediterranean corsair crew dominated by the Bar- 
barossas. After the power of the latter declined the brothers 
returned to their native Toulon and settled nearby at Mount Arid. 
Incurring the enmity of Francis I, they were forced to flee from 
Normandy into Scotland. With the consent of James I they 
acquired Douglas's bishopric near Solway Firth. One of the 
conditions of purchase was that the lands should thereafter be 
known as the "Cold Wells" (or Caldwells). Another was that 
on demand, each should send his son with twenty sound men to 
aid in fighting the King's wars. A silver cup or jorum is an 
ancient heirloom in the family, and shows that the estate took its 
name from a watering post. The cup represents a chieftain and 
twenty mounted men, armed and caparisoned. Below a fire 
burning on a hill are the words, "Mount Arid/' and the represen- 
tation of a vessel surrounded by high waves. 

Joseph, John, Alexander, Daniel, David, and Andrew, of 
Caldwell, went into Ireland with Cromwell. (History records 
that the Protector's grandmother was a Caldwell.) There they 
remained till the ^Restoration, when John, David and Andrew fled 
to America. Joseph and Daniel continued in Ireland, but several 
of their children emigrated to America, settling on the James 
Eiver in Virginia, and elsewhere. From thence the honorable 
family of Caldwell has spread along the Atlantic seaboard and 
into various States of the Union. 

The so-called Caldwell settlement on Cub Creek was the 
birthplace of the mother of John C. Calhoun. Her grandfather, 
John Caldwell, whose name she gave to her illustrious son, had 



252 ROBERT DAVID (\VLD\VKT.L 

emigrated from County Aiilvini, with his wife and children an.l 
four sisters. They landed at Newcastle iu the State of Delaware, 
on the 10th of December, 1727; going from there to Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania, and later removing to Cub Creek, in what 
was then Lunenburg, now Charlotte County, Virginia. Here they 
were joined by relatives, forming what was long know.i as the 
Caldwell Settlement. John Caldwell was. the first Justice of the 
Peace, and his son, William was the first militia officer commis- 
sioned by George II for that section. John died in 1750 and was 
interred beside the faithful mother of his seven children- -Wil- 
liam, Thomas, David, Margaret, John, Robert and James. Each 
of these brothers contributed something to early American his- 
tory. 

The youngest, the Reverend James Caldwell, a great-uncle 
of Calhoun, was born in the Cub Creek wilderness in April, 17:51. 
He studied for the ministry under the direction of the Reverend 
John Todd Caldwell. Graduating at Newark, New Jersey, in 
September, 1759, he was ordained the following year, and in 1761 
became pastor of the old First Presbyterian Church at Elizabeth, 
New Jersey. His wife was a native of Newark. He was one of 



the founders of Princeton College, a man of learning, tact and 
piety. The dominie was a patriot also, preaching during the 
stirring times of the Revolution with a pistol at either side of his 
open Bible. In 1776 he was chaplain of Colonel Drayton's regi- 
ment, as popular with the rank and file as with his brother offi- 
cers. From 1777 to 1779 he served as assistant Commissary- 
General. Greatly beloved by his own people, he was equally hated 
by the English and Tories; his patriotic zeal in the pulpit and 
field incurred their bitter enmity, and they sought his life. He 
was killed by an assassin in 1781. Among his congregation w T ere 
such patriots as William Livingston, Governor of the State, and 
Abraham Clark, one of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. 

Another Charlotte County Caldwell, was General Samuel 
Caldwell. Born in the Old Dominion, he emigrated with his 
father's family to Kentucky during the great exodus of Virginians 
to the "new country" in 1783, and settled at Russellville. He 
fought against the Wabash Indians under General James Wil- 
kinson of Burr conspiracy fame, and, in 1813, in the State mili- 
tary force under command of Governor Isaac Shelby, was com- 
missioned a Brigadier-General of mounted troops. He was buried 
with military honors at Russellville. 

One branch of the family which emigrated to America was 
represented by John and Mary Caldwell, who came from the 
north of Ireland about 1766-67, settling in what is now Spartan- 
burg County and forming a part of the Scotch-Irish settlement on 
the Tygers. The membership of the Old Waxhaw Church, just 



ROBERT DAVID CALDWELL 253 

south of the southern boundary of North Carolina, embraced the 

/ / 

Caldwells, the Calhouns, the Craigheads and the Jacksons the 
latter the forebears of General Andrew Jackson. This small cir- 
cle of earnest-minded patriots is said to have moulded the spirit 
and sentiments of the w hole "upper country" of that day. 

John and Patrick Calhoun Caldwell were sons of William 
Caldwell. They were both educated at South Carolina College, 
were both lawyers and members of the legislature. Patrick was 
also a member of the House of Kepresentatives of the United 
States. 

Many of the name of Caldwell have participated with honor 
in the affairs of these United States since early colonial days 
and their record has been meritorious and distinctive. 




WHITFIELD SPENCER CLARY 

LENDING of good blood is like unto the mingling of good 
wines it promotes the excel] en ce of both. Intermingling 
of the life strain of the Celt with that of the Norman-Saxon 
or the Gaul has ever produced a sturdy patriotic race. 
From the French Flouruoys, English Spencers and Irish Clarys 
of America has sprung an honorable line, of which the principal 
of this brief sketch is a worthy representative in the second gen- 
eration. 

Of the Irish lineage, Artgall of the chiefs of Cineal Aodha in 
Galway w T as the ancestor of O'Cleirigh and MacClerigh, which 
Anglicised, is O'Cleary, Cleary, McCleary, etc. Congalach, who 
first assumed the surname of O'Clerv, died in A. D. 1025. From 

v 7 

Shane, called "John and Elegant," and his brother Donall, de- 
scended the O'Clervs of Mavo; from Thomas and Cormack, also 

, > 

brothers of Shane, the O'Clery's of Kilkenny descend. About 
1620, Loy and Shane O'Cleary were co-tenants with the Ballochs, 
O'Boyles and Farrells, of a tract embracing nearly a thousand 
acres in the barony of Glenawley, in Fermanagh. Fermanagh 
was one of the six counties confiscated to create the Ulster Plan- 
tation. Among the Irishmen who went into the Spanish Nether- 
lands with the Duke of York in 1622, serving in the Duke's own 
regiment, were Florence and Thaddeus, who appear on the rolls 
as "Don Florencio" and "Don Thadeo" Clery. 

The present generation of Clarys of Charlotte County, Vir- 
ginia, have the tradition that their paternal ancestor, who was 
born in Ireland, landed in the State of Connecticut, was a tutor 
at old Yale College, and perhaps lived for a time in New Jersey. 

The catalogue of Yale records a Henry Clary as receiving the 
Bachelor of Arts degree in 1818, Master of Arts in 1829. Joseph 
Eldridge, later D.D., took his first degree at Yale the same vear, 
1829. 

Henry Eldridge Clary was born in Brunswick County, Vir- 
ginia, about 1823. At that period Benjamin, John and Herod 
Clary were residents of Brunswick, and William H. Eldridge was 
a neighbor. The wills of Herod and Benjamin, probated in that 
County, were dated in 1829 and 1831, respectively. If leisure 
should permit an examination of old Brunswick church and court 
records, more light might be thrown on the earlier home of this 
Irish faniilv. 

V 

Mr. Clary's mother was descended from a long line of 

[254] 



WHITFIELD SPENCER CLARY 257 

Spencers and Flournoys of Prince Edward County, Virginia. 
Both families were prominent in Old Briery Presbyterian Church 
which v/as organized in that County between 1755 and 1760, by 
the Keverend Kobert Henry. There, Thomas Coles Spencer was 
ruling elder in 1804 and Samuel Flournoy Spencer in 1807. From 
its organization until 1829 there were thirty-six members of Old 
Briery who bore the name of Spencer, and doubtless others of 
their blood whose patronymic had been changed by marriage. A 
sister of Thomas Coles Spencer, Frances A., married a Wilfley 
(or Whitfield?). 

The name Spencer is of Norman origin, and relates to the 
occupation of steward. It was founded in the time of William 
the Conqueror. The most prominent of the earlier Spencers in 
Virginia was Colonel Nicholas Spencer, a cousin of Lord Cul- 
peper. In 1684 he was acting Governor pending the arrival of 
Lord Effingham, and later, until his death in 1689, was one of the 
Governor's counsellors. He emigrated to Virginia in 1659 and 
settled in Westmoreland County, where the parish of Cople was 
named in honor of his English home. His father was Nicholas 
Spencer, Esquire, of Cople, Bedfordshire; his mother, Mary, 
daughter of Sir Edward Gostwick. Colonel Nicholas left several 
children who have descendants in Virginia. Among his sons 
were Nicholas Junior, John "of Nominy" and Francis "of Cople." 
His wife was Miss Frances Mottrom of Northumberland County, 
Virginia. He had a brother in the Colony, Captain Kobert Spen- 
cer, who was justice of Surry and died late in the seventeenth 
century. 

Platt Rogers Spencer, born November 7, 1800, in Dutchess 
County, New York, founder of the Spencerian style and system of 
penmanship, was a descendant in the fifth generation of the first 
John Spencer of Rhode Island, reputed to be of noble lineage. 
His sons Robert C., Lyman P., Harvey A., Henry C., and Platt R., 
Junior, have done much to promote and popularize the method 
introduced by their father, whose achievement has been classed 
with those of Hoe, Morse, and other pioneers of recording and 
transmitting processes. Mr. Spencer made of chirography an art 
and a science. 

The motto of the Spencer family as used by Sir Robert Spen- 
cer, knight, of Northamptonshire, is a brave one: "I Dare If I 
Die." 

The probable connection of the Rhode Island Spencer with 
Lord Robert is now being traced. 

Of the daughters of John James (Jean Jacques) Flournoy 
the emigrant, Elizabeth Julia, born December 5, 1721, married 
"Thomas Spencer of Virginia." On the twentieth of March, 
1745, one Thomas Spencer came into possession of four hundred 
acres of land on Briery river, which lay in what was then Amelia 



258 WHITFIELD SPENCER CLARY 

County, from which Prince Edward County was formed in 1753. 
Obediah Spencer was a Revolutionary soldier from Amelia. 
Thomas Spencer was a Revolutionary officer who marched from 
Prince Edward ; he was Lieutenant of Captain William Morton's 
company, fourth Virginia regiment, Continental Line, and doubt- 
less a kinsman of Morton. Thomas and Elizabeth J. (Flournoy) 
Spencer were the parents of at least eight children, all born be- 
fore September, 1757: Mary, born 1742, Sion, 1744, John, 1745, 
Elizabeth Julia, 1747, Ann, 1749, Thomas, Martha, Owen and one 
child, name not recorded. 

Thomas Flournoy Spencer, born in Charlotte County in 1794, 
was the grandfather of Whitfield Spencer Clary. He married 
several times; Mrs. Bouldiu Spencer was the mother of his chil- 
dren, who were, Ephraini B. ; William G. ; Catherine, who married 
Joseph B. Friend ; Margarette E., who married Henry Eldridge 
Clary; Thomas F., Robert S.; Whitfield S., and Mary Virginia, 
wife of Elbert M. Williamson of Danville, Avhose parents were 
William B. and Pamelia Williamson. Captain Thomas Flournoy 
Spencer died in 1865. His widow and fourth wife, Mrs. Emma 
Spencer, never married again. Whitfield Clary's own grand- 
mother having died, Mrs. Spencer became foster parent to the 
tiny orphan, and he made his home with her until he was fifteen 
years old ; spending a part of the time with his uncle, Robert S. 
Spencer, a farmer of Roanoke township. Robert's widow, Mrs. 
Mattie Spencer, is living at Aspen, Charlotte County, Virginia. 
"Roanoke" is famous as the home of John Randolph, and Patrick 
Henry lived (and died) at "Red Hill," in this County, within six 
miles of which place, Whitfield Spencer Clary was born. 

When the Civil conflict came to disrupt peaceful pursuits 
and separate families, Henry Eldridge Clary was the head of a 
happy home at Aspeuwall in Charlotte County and conducted a 
successful institution of learning, a flourishing male school, where 
he prepared students for college. He was also a modest farmer. 
School affairs, however, taking most of his time, farm matters 
were placed in the hands of a young overseer, Wyatt Harvey, 
enabling the master to devote himself more exclusively to the 
classroom. At that period Mr. Clary's family consisted of his 
wife, Mrs. Margarette E. Clary, and their children : Thomas H., 
born June 1854; Paul, January 1856; William Eldridge, born 
December 1857; SaUie A., 1859; Ephriam, 1860; Whitfield S. 
and Robert S., twins, were born November 17, 1861, during the 
war. Thrilled by the same impulses which summoned noble pa- 
triots by the thousands to annihilation in the great struggle for 
their homes, their fortunes and their beloved Southland, he identi- 
fied himself with a command then known as "Bruce's Artillery 
Company," which w r as sent South. Leaving Mrs. Clary and his 
children in the midst of her friends and kinsfolk in her native 



WHITFIELD SPENCER CLARY 259 

County of Charlotte, the devoted husband and father resolutely 
marched forth to do his duty as a citizen and a Southerner. Alas ! 
his career was not long; but he escaped the after horrors of the 
war. The gallant teacher-patriot succumbed to fever, dying in 
the service at Savannah, Georgia, in May, 1862. (A Louisiana 
battery commanded by Captain Rufus J. Bruce was present at 
the bombardment and capture of Fort Jackson, Louisiana, by the 
Federals on April 24, 1862. Captain Bruce's assistance to the 
water battery received honorable mention in Confederate re- 
ports.) Mr. Clary's widow, burdened with five children, the 
eldest less than ten years of age and the youngest an infant in 
arms, did not long survive the husband and father, dying during 
the same month of an attack of measles. There were no Clary 
relatives in the County, and after Mrs. Clary's death the orphaned 
children were taken and raised by the Spencers. The oldest boy, 
Tom, went to live with the uncle for whom he was named. The 
next, Paul, was fostered by his uncle William and aunt Nannie. 
Sallie was mothered by her aunt "Jennie" (Mrs. Mary Virginia 
Williamson), and the baby, Whitfield, was, as already stated, 
cared for by his step-grandmother. His twin brother Robert S. 
survived his mother only three months. Thus the children were 
absorbed into, and surrounded by, the family life and influence 
of their kinfolk, the Spencers, a family of much worth and stand- 
ing in two Counties. Whitfield S. Spencer, for whom the infant 
was named, was killed in Mav 1863 at the battle of Chancellors- 

/ t* 

ville. He was born about 1840. Thus brother, father and hus- 
band of Mrs. Clary were sacrificed during the dark days of the 
'sixties. The marital union so sadly and prematurely shattered 
bv the circumstances of war had been entered into at Old Roanoke 

*/ 

Church or vicinity, the girlhood home of Mrs. Clary. The cere- 
mony which took place probably in 1852 or '53, was performed by 
Alexander Martin, D.D., father of Miles M. Martin, a prominent 
lawyer of Richmond. W. S. Clary was baptized in infancy by 
Doctor Alexander Martin, who was also his pastor when a young 
man in Danville. The Spencer family Bible was at one time in 
the possession of Robert S., son of Thomas Flournoy Spencer. 
None of the children of Thomas are now living, and no written 
history of their generation or the one preceding it is extant, but 
Mr. Clary will have in permanent form in this sketch at least a 
fragmentary record of his family. 

His mother's full name was Margarette Elizabeth Spencer. 
She was a daughter of Thomas Flournoy Spencer and the wife, 
who was Miss Bouldin. Margarette was born in Charlotte 
County, which was set off from old Lunenburg in 1794. As nearly 
as can be learned, her birth occurred about 1827. 

Mr. Clary's maternal grandmother was a member of a dis- 
tinguished family; of whom Major Wood Bouldin of Revolution- 



260 WIIITFIELD SPENCER CLARY 

ary fame, married the sister of President Tyler. Major and Mrs. 
Joanna (Tyler) Bouldin were the parents of Thomas Tyler 
Bouldin who was born in 1772, and represented his district in 
Congress from 1829 until his death in 1834. He died while deliv- 
ering a eulogy upon his predecessor, John Kandolph of Roauoke. 
Thomas married Ann Lewis. Their son Wood Bouldin, born at 
"Golden Hills" January 20, 1811, was Judge of the Virginia Su- 
preme Court. Another son of Major Bouldin was James Wood, 
born in Charlotte County in 1772, who succeeded his brother in 
Congress, and died at "Forest Hill" on March 30, 1854. James' 
wife was Alrneria Read, daughter of Reverend Clement Read, 
Joanna Tj T ler Bouldin was a pensioner on the Revolutionary roll 
and was living in Charlotte County as late as 1840, at the age of 
eighty-eight years. One John A. Bouldin joined an ill-fated mili- 
tary company mustered at Shepherdstown, which w-as largely 
made up of Irishmen. The name has been variously spelled. It 
even appears in the form of Boulling, Bowling and Boiling. 

The Flournoys, "a prolific and short-lived family," are of 
noble origin. Jean Jacques Flournoy, a French Huguenot, was 
born November 17, 1686, and emigrated to Virginia from Geneva, 
Switzerland (where his great-great-grandfather, Laurent, had fled 
from Champagne). He was married, in Virginia, on June 23, 
1720, to Elizabeth (Williams) Jones, the widow of Orlando Jones, 
whose father, Reverend Roland Jones was the first pastor of 
Bruton parish, Williamsburg. Mrs. Flournoy was a daughter of 
James Williams, a Welsh lawyer, and was born on Christmas 
Day, 1695. Her mother was Elizabeth Buckner, also a native of 
the Old Dominion. Jean Jacques, the emigrant, w r as son of 
Jacques Flournoy and Julia Eyraud, son of Jacques Flournoy and 

Judith Pueray, son of Jean Flournoy and Frances , 

son of Laurent Flournoy. All of these Christian names born by 
the Geneva heads of family have been reproduced among their 
Virginian descendants. By an Adams intermarriage there is quite 
a large connection with the Washington, Lewis, Lee and Warner 
families of Virginia. Robert W. Flournoy was a son-in-law of 
Mildred Lewis, who married John Cobbs. John James Flournoy, 
grandson of the emigrant, whose family seat was at "Union 
Grove," Prince Edward County, was a soldier of the war of 1812, 
and lived to be nearly eighty years old. He was received into 
Briery Church in 1822. His father was Thomas Flournoy, born 
in 1738 ; who was under-sheriff of Prince Edward in 1757, member 
of the Virginia house of delegates in 1780; County Lieutenant 
from 1783, and high-sheriff in 1786 and ? 87. He was also a mem- 
ber of Briery Church. Thomas died late in 1800 or early in the 
following year. He was one of the ten children of the emigrant, 
and a brother-in-law of Thomas Spencer. In King William 
County records there is a judgment recorded in 1721 by John 



WHITFIELD SPENCER CLARY 261 

James Flournoy, and wife Eliza, against Francis Martin for "730 
Ibs. of Sweet Scented tobacco in Cask Convenient." A letter from 
the debtor complains that "This has been a sorry year for crops, 
and I have no tobacco left" (with which to pay the judgment, 
tobacco being then recognized as a form of currency). 

The French estates abandoned by Laurent when he fled to 
Switzerland were located, each about a league apart, in the juris- 
dictions of Attancourt, Magneux, Brousseval and Flornoy. The 
Flournoys w^ere a race of watchmakers, lapidaries, goldsmiths 
and jewelers; Laurent was a lapidary. The name appears vari- 
ously as Fleurnoy, Flournois, Flornoy, and Flournoy, the latter 
being the accepted form in America. 

Kegarding the American branch of Professor Clary's dis- 
persed family, Whitfield S. and an only sister, Miss Sallie A. 
Clary, are living. The former is a resident of Greensboro, North 
Carolina, and his sister now resides in the city of Washington. 

Mr. Clary might well be called a tobacco expert, having 
devoted some thirty-five years to a study of its culture and manu- 
facture. At the age of seventeen he went to Danville to learn the 
business, but after reaching that age of self-confidence when he 
might be supposed to "know it all," he was still sufficiently 
modest to sense the existence of so-called trade secrets among 
growers and manufacturers, which he determined to master. 
After five years of close observation and toil, in the fall of 1884 
he removed to Henderson, North Carolina, where for seven years 
he engaged in the leaf tobacco business. On April 29, 1891, while 
living in Henderson, he was married to Miss Corinne S. Scales, 
at Village Springs, twenty miles from Birmingham, Alabama. 
Mrs. Clary is a daughter of Major Nathaniel Eldridge Scales. 
Her mother's maiden name was Minnie Lord, between whom and 
the family of Lord in Wilmington, North Carolina, there exists a 
close kinship. Mrs. Clary is a native North Carolinian; her 
parents are residents of Salisbury, formerly of Morganton, where 
she was born April 26, 1869. After his marriage Mr. Clary was 
temporarily attracted to the agricultural and commercial possi- 
bilities of Winston-Salem, where he continued in the same line, 
also engaging, while there, in the manufacturing end of the busi- 
ness. From Winston-Salem he went to Kocky Mount, where he 
remained eleven years in the leaf tobacco trade. In 1907 he set- 
tled in Greensboro where he is well known as a tobacco man and 
President of the Tobacco Board of Trade. Mr. Clary is not a 
member of any fraternity, save that of church-club and Sunday- 
school the "brotherhood of Christian work," and the Young Men's 
Christian Association, of which he w T as director and President 
while in Winston-Salem. He was for several terms superintendent 
of the Presbyterian Sunday-school in Kocky Mount, and assistant 
superintendent in Winston and Greensboro. He was elected elder 



262 WIHTFIELD SI'KXCEIi CLAKY 

of the church at Henderson, and later filled a like appointment in 
the church at Winston and at Kooky Mount. Mr. Clary comes of 
pious, God-fearing stock. He is a member in good standing of the 
First I'reshyterian Church of Greensboro, one of the largest of 
its denomination in the South; also a member of the Sunday- 
school. In politics Mr. Clary is a Democrat; in fact it might be 
said that Mr. Clary has come to look for bumper yields of "leaf 
only during a Democratic administration, or when "the sun 
shines on'' his party and the tobacco evil is not in evidence. He 
was one of the organizers of the Commercial National Bank of 
Greensboro, which was consolidated with the American Ex- 
change, and was a prime factor in their consolidation. He was 
also prominently concerned in the successful movement to convert 
the amalgamated institution into the American Exchange Na- 
tional Bank. He was made a director of the Institution at the 
time of consolidation and is still a member of its directorate. Mr. 
Clary is also Vice-President of the Greensboro firm of Ricks- 
Donnell-Medearis Company, Haberdashers, in addition to manag- 
ing his interests in leaf tobacco and a real estate and insurance 
business. 

While the son and grandson of educators and scholars, 
through the misfortunes attending the year of his birth, Mr. Clary 
failed to receive the advantages of the higher education to which 
he was entitled. Although Henry Eldridge Clary left to each of 
his boys a scholarship at Hampden Sidney College, young Whit- 
field had the benefit of only a common school education. He has, 
however, become a successful business man, a useful citizen, and 
an honor to the field of his endeavor; demonstrating thereby 
that in his case his earlv loss did not hold back the evolution of 

v 

his character. The children of Whitfield S. and Corinne Clary 
are: Whitfield Spencer, Junior; Robert Scales; Henry Eldridge; 
Elizabeth Maxwell Steele, and William Thomas. Whitfield, Jun- 
ior's Alma Mater is Davidson College. Robert was also educated 
at Davidson, and Washington and Lee University. Miss Eliza- 
beth and Masters Henry and William are attending the Greens- 
boro High School. Whitfield S. Clary, Jr., is now associated 
with the Export Tobacco Company of Richmond, Virginia. Rob- 
ert S. Clary is with the Aviation Corps of the United States 
Army, stationed at Fort Wood, New York Harbor in 1916, and 
now serving in San Diego, California. 




C?/^^ 




WILLIAM GRAVES CRENSHAW 

A WORTHY descendant of a distinguished Welsh and Eng- 
lish ancestry was Captain William Graves Crenshaw of 
Hawfield, Orange County, Virginia. He was the son of 
Spotswood Dabney Crenshaw by his wife Winifred (nee) 
Graves, and born July 7, 1824, in the historic city of Richmond. 
Captain Crenshaw lived to accomplish great things. The record 
of his achievements causes his name to stand out pre-eminently 
in the history 7 of the South with a fourfold claim to imperishable 
remembrance ; as an unselfish patriot and benefactor ; as a valiant 
soldier; as a trusted and distinguished diplomat and as a busi- 
ness executive of rare initiative and sound judgment. 

Naturally studious, he had, at an age earlier than usual, 
acquired the essential elements of a liberal education. Advanced 
for his years, in his studies and being impatient to engage in 
active business in which he was, later, to prove so successful, his 
parents reluctantly consented to the omission of a college course. 

On May 25, 1847, Captain Crenshaw, then aged twenty-two, 
married, at Pleasant View, Orange County, Virginia, his cousin, 
Fanny Elizabeth, daughter of Jonathan and Margaret (Long) 
Graves, and to the influence on his life of this happy event much 
of his success in later years was, doubtless, due. 

Such was the remarkable business acumen and ability dis- 
played by him that, before reaching thirty-five years of age, he 
had attained the senior membership of the important firm of 
Crenshaw and Company, Richmond, Virginia, a firm widely and 
favorably known and doing business over a large portion of the 
habitable globe. The fleet of vessels which carried the produce 
imported and exported by his firm was owned and operated by 
himself and his brothers. 

While thus actively engaged in these successful and profit- 
able business pursuits, war was declared between the States ; and, 
in 1861, on the secession of the State of Virginia from the Union, 
he immediately discontinued business and entered the Army. 
The sacrifices which he voluntarily and willingly made for his 
beloved Southland were signal and extensive. A large sum in 
gold, then to his credit in England, was promptly advanced by 
him to the Confederate Government, the whole of which was, of 
course, eventually lost. In addition, he equipped, at his own ex- 
pense, a battery of six guns, he also supplying handsome uniforms, 
overcoats, blankets, shoes, underclothing and everything neces- 

[265] 



266 WILLIAM GRAVES CREXSHAW 

sary for its comfort. Not content with this, however, he still 
further advanced money for the purchase of guns and horses, and 
for other necessary purposes, so as to expedite his active partici- 
pation in the war. Of this "Crenshaw Battery" so named in 
his honor he was the first captain, and so effective was the work 
performed by it that it became famous during the war and its 
achievements are matters of permanent national record. Captain 
Crenshaw participated, with marked credit, in all the battles of 
the arduous campaign of 1863, from Mechanicsville to Sharps- 
burg; and General Hill, in his official reports of the battles in 
which he commanded, repeatedly accords special mention to the 
Captain for conspicuous gallantry in the field. 

Following these engagements, and after rendering this val- 
iant service, Captain Crenshaw had the signal honor of being 
chosen to serve the Confederate Government as its business rep- 
resentative in Europe, his duty being to secure munitions of war, 
clothing and other needed supplies for the Southern Army, and 
to arrange to get as great an amount of these ammunitions as pos- 
sible. This post of honor, difficulty and responsibility he filled 
for some months with marked success, while still retaining his 
commission and command in the Crenshaw Battery. Despite 
innumerable difficulties he succeeded in passing large quantities 
of ordnance, clothing, provisions and other supplies into the Con- 
federacy, through its blockaded ports, for his government; he 
built steamers for the purpose of transporting and landing them 
in blockaded ports, and even constructed and equipped several 
privateers for use by the Confederacy. Having, too, always in 
mind the welfare of his own battery, he remembered the perils 
and hardships which he had shared and from which, to his per- 
sonal regret, he was now separated, he repeatedly sent over, 
through the blockade, at his own expense complete uniforms, 
boots and other needed supplies for the particular use of his 
own command. On one occasion, indeed, when advised that a 
shipment made, had never reached his men, he at once duplicated 
the consignment. 

As an illustration of Captain Crenshaw's foresight and busi- 
ness sagacity, and as an indication of the value of his services 
to the Southern cause, it should be stated that, in the early days 
of the war, he submitted to the Confederate Cabinet a plan 
he had devised for buying all of the cotton and tobacco in the 
South, paying for it in Confederate bonds, and shipping it to 
Europe to be used as a basis of credit. At the time he was urging 
the adoption of this plan cotton could have been bought at about 
fifty dollars per bale in Confederate money. A complete justi- 
fication of the wisdom and expediency of his plan lies in the fact, 
that shortly afterwards, the blockades were more firmly estab- 
lished and cotton advanced to five hundred dollars gold, per bale, 
delivered in Liverpool. 



WILLIAM GRAVES CRENSHAW 267 

About the beginning of the war when the need of supplies in 
the South was great and demands insistent, Captain Crenshaw, 
anxious to be of the greatest possible service to his Government, 
became one of the founders of the Crenshaw Woolen Mills of 
Kichrnond. He assisted its operations in practical fashion and 
caused it to manufacture much of the cloth used to make uni- 
forms for Confederate soldiers, large quantities of blankets for 
the use of the Southern troops, and similar articles for which 
there was such desperate need. It was too important to the Con- 
federacy to be allowed to continue its work long, and was de- 
stroyed by fire at night, believed to have been incendiary work, 
and often surmised to have been done by those in sympathy with 
the Federal Government. 

Such was the activity of Captain Crenshaw, and so great the 
extent of his operations in Europe, that, although the war came 
to an end in 1865, he was unable to return to the United States 
until 1868, his presence being imperatively needed to close up the 
business of the position he held. Again an opportunity arose for 
the exercise of his liberality and self-sacrifice, which he cheerfully 
embraced. Certain consignments of cotton made to him from 
the South failed of delivery, falling, presumably, into the enemy's 
hands. Being unable, in consequence, to turn these lost cargoes 
into money, he was without funds from his Government to take 
care of maturing obligations incurred by him for the purchase of 
vessels. He, thereupon, voluntarily, assumed personally the lia- 
bilities of the Government he represented, thus suffering consid- 
erably further financial loss. On his return to America, his mis- 
sion well and honorably fulfilled, he, like many others victims 
of their patriotism and devotion, was compelled to begin life 
anew. With undaunted courage he again engaged in active busi- 
ness ; this time in New York, and became President of several in- 
dustrial corporations including the Sulphur Mines Company. 

One of Captain Crenshaw's predominating characteristics 
was his love of agricultural pursuits. Always an enthusiastic 
and successful farmer and raiser of good stock, he never missed 
an opportunity of spending as much time as possible on his family 
estate of Hawfield, where he settled permanently for the ten years 
immediately preceding his death. The estate, originally five hun- 
dred acres in extent, with its house dating from the seventeenth 
century, was purchased in 1847 by Jonathan Graves for his 
daughter Fanny Elizabeth, the wife of Captain Crenshaw. It 
was extensively added to by him until it is now a fine property of 
more than three thousand acres and is still in possession of the 
Crenshaw family. The house and grounds were much used by 
the Southern army during the Civil War, especially as winter 
headquarters, and many notable manoeuvers and reviews took 
place there. 



268 WILLIAM CRAVES CKKXSHAW 

On May 24, 1807, Captaiu Crenshaw terminated his career, 
so notable for its achievements, self-sacrifice and devotion. His 
wife predeceased him by only six months and both are fittingly 
laid to rest in Hollywood Cemetery at Kichmond that city to 
which their eyes were so constantly turned during the enactment 
of the drama of 1861-65 in which so prominent and praiseworthy 
a part was taken by William Graves Crenshaw. 

The children of William Graves and Fanny Elizabeth Cren- 
shaw are: William Graves, Jr., Fanny Holladay, Mary Lewis, 
Spotswood Dabuey, Margaret Winifred and Anne Grant. 

William Graves Crenshaw, Jr., married May Virginia Petty 
and had issue William Petty, May Virginia, Jr., John Lewis and 
Lewis Dabney. 

William Petty Crenshaw married Louise McMillan of New 
Orleans, Louisiana, and has issue Calvert McMillan and Dorothy. 

Spotswood Dabney Crenshaw, who married Anne Clay, 
daughter of Cassius Clay of Lexington, Kentucky, had issue Mary 
Warfield, Fanny Graves, Spotswood Dabney and Clay. 

Anne Grant Crenshaw married Byrd Charles Willis, sou of 
George Willis of Orange County, Virginia. 




WILLIAM WILSON FINLEY 

HAT a man lived and planned and worked unselfishly for 
fellow man and State and Nation as did William Wilson 
Finley, is a subject for his country's thanksgiving, as 
well as for her deepest grief that such an one should pass 
away in the prime of his usefulness. Among the Makers of 
America, William W. Finley stands pre-eminent. 

Born September 2, 1853, and reared through the years when 
his section was crushed and bleeding, he was a Joshua raised to 
stanch her wounds and lead her back to prosperity. 

He was the sixth of nine children of Lewis Augustus Finley 
and Lydia Rebecca (Matthews) Finley, and their summer home 
was in Pass Christian, Mississippi, where he was born. In this 
old citv by the sea William W. Finlev received his earlv educa- 

V t/ l> / 

tion in the private schools, and grew to manhood, through the 
years of the Civil War, and the period after, which was worse 
than during the time of organized strife. It was no doubt the 
suffering then endured and his sympathy with the people of the 
"conquered banner," that bound him ever after, so closely, to his 
beloved Southland. 

He was but twenty when he entered the service of the old 
New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern, and the Chicago, St. 
Louis and New Orleans railroads. He spent three years in the 
Vice-President's office as stenographer, and was successively Sec- 
retary to the Receiver and Secretary to the Agent for the Trus- 
tees. Four years he was Chief Clerk of the general freight depart- 
ment and three years, Assistant General Freight Agent. From 
1883 until 1908, Mr. Finley was rising ever higher among railway 
officials until 1908, when upon the death of the late Samuel 
Spencer, he was elected to succeed him as President of the South- 
ern Railway Company. He was also President of the Southern 
Railway Company in Mississippi, the Mobile and Ohio Railway 
Company, the Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Rail- 
way Company, the Alabama Great Southern Railway Company, 
the Georgia, Southern and Florida Railway Company, the Vir- 
ginia and Southwestern Railway Company, and the Northern 
Alabama Railway Company. 

Mr. Finley was a director of the Chicago, Indianapolis and 
Louisville Railway Company, the old Dominion Steamship Com- 
pany, the Equitable Life Insurance Society, and other companies, 
and a trustee of the John F. Slater Educational Fund. 

[271] 



272 WILLIAM WILSON FIXLEY 

On March 3, 1910, the degree of LL.D. was conferred upon 
Mr. Finley by the Tulane University of New Orleans, and on June 
2, 1910, the same degree was given him by the University of Ken- 
tucky. 

Mr. Finley married Miss Lillie Vidal Davis, daughter of 
Alfred V. and Sarah (Surget) Davis of Natchez, Mississippi. 
Five children were born to them : Lottie Vidal, Lillie Davis, Wil- 
liam Wilson, Jr., Leonora Matthews, and Celestine Page. A 
daughter, Dorothy Surget, died in infancy. Mr. Finley's only son 
married Miss Vera de K. Downing of the City of Washington. 

William Wilson Finley died suddenly on November 25, 1913, 
at his residence in Washington. 

Mr. Finley's sisters surviving him are Mrs. John W. Chester, 
residing at Detroit, Michigan, and the Misses Jane Matthews and 
Isabel Bowman Finley, residing at Pass Christian. His brothers, 
Lewis Augustus, Leonard Matthews, and Kidgely, and his sisters, 
Leonora and Lyclia Kebecca are deceased. 

Pass Christian on the Gulf of Mexico is unique in its char- 
acteristics; its illimitable outlook over the gulf to the ocean ex- 
panded the boy's soul, the interminable rushing of the waves in 
their rhythmic beating upon the shore taught him perseverance. 
As the years brought him near his young manhood, his heart was 
rent with the sufferings and indignities to which his people found 
themselves subjected. The war fought for the preservation of 
their political rights was ended, but a more crucial struggle with 
carpetbag and negro domination, during the re-construction 
period, was waged for their freedom and their very lives. 

Words fail to depict the character of the man evolved through 
all these environments, intellectually so broad, so wide, so deep ; 
his heart teeming with love of country and of kind, never failing 
to recognize the imprint of divinity calling for respect to even the 
lowliest toiler in the tangled scheme of civilization. 

From a few of the notices of the press the excerpts below are 
chosen, as helping to portray the scope of an eminently useful and 
most beautiful life. 

"W. W. Finley was a great man. The South has not yet 
realized his real worth, but the realization will come in the full- 
ness of time. 

In his passing the good roads movement has suffered a loss 
that is almost irreparable, and the South has lost one of her 
mightiest sons." The Lexington, North Carolina, Southern Good 
Roads, December, 1913. 

"President W. W. Finley, of the Southern Railway, stood 
at the head of the progressive forces in the South. Born in Mis- 
sissippi; true to the higher aspirations of his people; broadened 
in his vision by long and intimate association with the larger life 



WILLIAM WILSON FINLEY 273 

of wider communities; gifted with the genius of statesmanship, 
yet never a politician, and meeting with courage and constancy 
every duty required of him, his death is deplored by all men who 
value high character and great achievements, and particularly 
by his own people, in whose interest his life was literally worn 

out." 

*********** 

"Mr. Finley had an idea that the railroad is really something 
more than an affair of tracks and stations and cars and locomo- 
tives ; that it should be also an educational enterprise, and it was 
in this spirit that he instituted and encouraged the educational 
trains which were sent every year over his lines to demonstrate 
the practical advantages of intelligent and advanced methods in 
marketing agriculture, of cattle raising, of dairy farming, of pub- 
lic roads, of co-operative methods and marketing, and in the 
same spirit and for the same purpose, the necessity of bringing 
back natives of the South." Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Public 
Ledger, November 27, 1913. 

"The death of President W. W. Finley, of the Southern Kail- 
road, came as a bolt from the clear skies to all those who knew 
him. 

"The shock probably came greater to the employees of the 
Southern Kailroad than anything since the sudden demise of 
President Samuel Spencer, whom President Finley succeeded. 

"The trackmen and their helpers laid down their picks and 
shovels; the trainman, the depot agent, the fireman and the 
engineer, all were deeply affected, and there seemed to throb over 
the entire svstem a sigh. 

*/ o 

"President Finley had during his seven years at the head 
of this great Eailroad System fused a breadth of thought, a fresh- 
ness of spirit, and a conservativeness in handling questions affect- 
ing the vast army of workers under him, in such a manner as to 
draw them to him in a close fellowship. A keener understanding 
between a railroad president and his employees was never had in 
the railroad historv of the South. 

i/ 

"President Finley in an address not long ago in the City of 
New York, stated clearly his ideas as to the relation a railroad 
held toward the public, when he said : 'A railroad's last thought 
should be politics, and its first and ever present thought, of its 
duty to the public, thus it will move prosperously forward sus- 
tained by its own worth, and justified before the people.' 

"He had the same broad views as to the relation which a rail- 
road should hold toward its employees in every department. 
Not a man in the railroad service, from the highest official under 
him to the day laborer, but whom harbored in his breast a firm 
admiration for the splendid man at their head. 

"Not only the rank and file of the employees lost a friend 



274 WILLIAM WILSON FIXLEY 

and a benefactor; but the public at large, especially throughout 
the South, have lost truly a leader of prosperity; inasmuch as he 
had started great plans toward the building up of the territory 
along the Southern Railroad lines in the encouragement of truck 
farming, agricultural exhibits and schools. He had entered into 
a sphere of enlightenment along many lines of which the people 
were just commencing to feel the good. In these things alone he 
has builded a monument to his name in the South which can never 
be erased from Southern history. 

"Next to the love and protection of his family came the South- 
ern Road, its employees and the public it served. Loyal and lov- 
able, a man moulded in the school of experience, he knew and 
felt for those employed under him. The day laborer received his 

courtesy, the same as did his fellow officials." 

********** 

-Atlanta, Georgia, Journal of Labor, November 28, 1913. 

''William W. Finley was a great and beneficent factor in the 
progress of his country, which he served with marked originality, 
daring initiative, tireless industry and surprising ability. He 
was a builder and a developer as well as an architect and a de- 
signer. Putting off old things and adopting new methods, he was 
no mere empiricist, but a clear visioned creator of conditions 
w r hich he afterward manipulated so magnificently. 
Disposing of enormous tasks himself, he gave intelligent and con- 
centrated direction to the efforts of others, and by removing fric- 
tions, inharmonies and antagonisms, led his forces along the lines 
of least resistance to the goal of greatest efficiency. * 
It is the good fortune of few times and few sections of country 
to produce such a man, and, once arrived, he can never be lost 
because his works remain behind him." Memphis, Tennessee, 
Commercial Appeal, November 26, 1913. 

The family of Finlay (the Scottish way of spelling) is de- 
scended from Findlay Mor, who migrated to the Lowlands in the 
sixteenth century. They are of the clan Farquharson, many of 
whom went over into Ireland. 

Michael Finley, the first of the name in America, came with 

u / 

his family in 1734, from County Armagh, Ireland, to Philadel- 
phia. It is probable that quite a number of Ulster Scots came at 
the same time. His brother Archibald was with him. Samuel, 
his son, became a distinguished Divine. His monument is in the 
cemetery at Princeton, and bears the following inscription, 
copied from the historical collections of New .Jersey: 

PRINCETON MONUMENT IN GRAVEYARD. 

Memorial sacrum reverendi Samuelis Finley, S. T. D. collegii 
Neo-Csesarien sis praesidis, Armachae in Hibernia natus, A. D., 



WILLIAM WILSON FINLEY 275 

1715. lu American! migravit, anno 1734. Sacris ordinibus in- 
iatus est anno 1743, apud Novrum Brunsvicum Neo-Csesariensium. 
Ecclesise Nottingham! Pennsylvaniensium, mnnus pastorale sus- 
cepit. 14 Kal Jul. 1774; ibique, academic celeberrimse din prae- 
fuit. Designates praeses collegii Neo-Caesariensis officium inivit 
id. Jul. 1761. Tandem dilectus, veneratus, omnibus fiendus, morti 
accubuit Philadelphia, 15 kal. Sextilis, A. D. 1766. Artibus 
literisque excultus prae cseteris prsecipue innitui rerum divina- 
rium scientia. Studio divinse glorise flagrans, sumniis opibus ad 
veram religionem promovendam, et in concionibus, et in sermone 
familiari operam semper navabat. Patientia, modestia, mansue- 
tudo miranda animo moribusque enituerunt. Oh charitatem, ob- 
servantiani, vigilantiam, erga juvenes fidei suae mandates fuit 
insignissimus ; moribus ingeunas, pietate sincera vixit omnibus 
dilectus moriens triumphavit. 

The Finleys of New Jersey gave many soldiers to the army 
during the Revolutionary War, among them Corporal James 
Finley and Corporal John Finley, both of whom were wounded 
on March 21, 1778. William Finley was a Lieutenant. The Fin- 
leys removed to Maryland, where Michael Lewis Finley was born. 

*/ \j - 

He married Anne Griffith, whose mother was a Ridgely of that 
State. Their only son, Lewis Augustus, was born in Baltimore 
in 1815, and was taken while young by his parents to Louisiana. 
He was educated and lived in New Orleans, where he was well 
known and esteemed in banking and social circles. He married 
Lydia Rebecca, daughter of Leonard Matthews and Jane (Lev- 
ering) Matthews, both of whom were of old Maryland families, 
who had removed to Louisiana. As stated above, William Wilson 
Finley was one of their sons. 

The Leverings were a Huguenot family, who fled to Holland 
or Germany. There Rosier Levering married Elizabeth Van de 
Wulle, and came to America bringing two sons, Wygard and Ger- 
hard. Jean Levering was descended from Wygard, and her 
mother or grandmother was the daughter of William Wilson, the 
senior in the largest shipping company of Baltimore. 

As shown in the references made to the forebears of Mr. 
Finley, they were of an old and distinguished family, and were 
ever ready to respond to their country's call when she needed 
men to uphold her rights and defend her homes. It is wise and 
instructive to collect and study the salient points in the career 
of a man who has stood strong for the manly things of life and 
who has shed new lustre on family and nation. Such an account 

/ 

affords a healthy stimulus to the ambition of the youth of our 
land, that they may learn that success such as that crowning the 
work of William Wilson Finley is to be attained only by right 
living and earnest endeavor toward the goal in view; together 
with faith in the country and in its high ideals. 



SAMUEL LEE DAVIS 

SAMUEL LEE DAVIS of High Point, North Carolina, is 
the son of Daugan Oslow Davis and his wife, Lucinda Hill. 
For many years his people have engaged in agricultural 
pursuits, wresting from the soil their daily bread, enjoying 
the charms of nature and living the "life simple" as only the 
farmer can. 

In ante belluin days the South was primarily an agricultural 
country, the great majority of its better class of people possess- 
ing large estates and raising enormous crops, especially of cotton. 
In Virginia and the Carolinas many planters also raised large 
fields of tobacco. Since the Civil War this section of the country 
has grown into more of a manufacturing center and large fac- 
tories have arisen furnished with up-to-date machinery for the 
manipulating and manufacturing of cotton and other local 
products. 

Oslow Davis was a farmer of Randolph County, North Caro- 
lina, and there, near Skein Mill, was born his son, Samuel Lee, 
May 24, 1868. 

Despite the trying times, Samuel received all the educational 
advantages possible after attending school at the Oak Ridge In- 
stitute. He entered the University of North Carolina, in the 
class of 1892. 

Not inheriting a taste for agriculture, and using his acquire- 
ments to the best advantage, Mr. Davis taught school at Ingram, 
Virginia, from 1893 to 1894, and at Oak Ridge Institute from 
1895 to 1896. He then accepted a position as traveling salesman 
for a furniture house and was on the road for two years. 

At present, as Secretary and Treasurer of the Southern 
Chair Company of High Point, North Carolina, he is rendering 
competent service and, believing that ignorance is the greatest 
drawback to any business, he is endeavoring to bring the best 
and most intelligent talent to safeguard the interests of the 
institutions with which he is connected. Mr. Davis is a director 
of the Bank of Commerce of High Point. 

The mother of Mr. Davis is descended from Cyrus Hill of 
Scotland, who married a Miss Stearage there, and brought her 
to this country. His grandmother on his mother's side was a 
Miss Peacock, descended from a family whose name was early 
associated with the colonies as shown by the various State 
Records. 

[276] 



SAMUEL LEE DAVIS 279 

In O'Hart's "Modern Irish Gentry," is record of one Don 
Jorge Peacock, Cadet, from Ireland, who served in the Spanish 
War, in 1768. Previous to that, among the surnames of the 
''Adventurers for Lands in Ireland," between the years 1642 ami 
1646, is found the name Peacock, which shows that the family 
was originally English, and some member more venturesome 
than the rest, took up land in Ireland. 

Mr. Davis' grandfather, Greenberry Davis, married a Miss 
Spurgeon. Of this marriage there were five children; two girls 
and three boys: Daugan Oslow, Norman and Wesley. Of these 
boys, Daugan Oslow was Mr. Davis' father, Norman is still living, 
and Wesley, a valiant soldier, was killed in the Civil War. 

Of the marriage of Daugan Oslow Davis and Lucinda Hill, 
besides Samuel Lee, there were James C., Sarah, Harvey L., Mary, 
Gertrude, Jessie, and Hurley. Daugan died October 24, 1877. 

Mr. Davis is a Democrat, a member of the City Council ami 
a trustee of the City Schools. He is also a Shriner of the Ma- 
sonic Order, a Modern Woodman of the World, Travelers' Pro- 
tective Association, and the Junior Order of United American 
Mechanics. 

His religious convictions are with the Methodists, and if not 
an ardent member, he is at least a consistent supporter of that 
congregation. 

In December, 1899, Mr. Davis married Miss Claudia H. Halli- 
day, of Marion, South Carolina, daughter of Joseph Halliday. 
They have one child, a son, Samuel Davis, Jr., who is now four- 
teen vears old and attending the school in his native town. 

t> 

Mrs. Davis is most probably descended from either Thomas 
or Samuel Halliday, the former of whom was serving in the 
Edenton Court, on a jury in 1728. The latter was in possession 
of two hundred acres which had been granted by his late Excel- 
lency Governor Johnston to a certain Jacob Crosby on November 
22, 1783. Samuel lived in Dobbs County, North Carolina. 

The "s" in Davis means "son of," this name having been con- 
tracted from Davieson. Davie is the diminutive for David which 
conies from the Hebrew and signifies "beloved." The family was 
represented in Scotland by Mac Dabhaighe, anglicized Davie ami 
modernized Davies and Davis. 

The Davis family in Galway County, Ireland, of Fahy. 
Longhrea, shows the following : William Davis of Aughrim, died 
1721 ; son Geoffrey Davis died 1757 ; son Kobert Davis born 1737, 
died 1813; son John Davis of Fahy, who married Jasper Kelly 
of the Kelly family of Turrick, Castle Park, near Mr. Talbot. 
The patrimony of the Mac David Mor family lay about Glas- 
carrig, County Stafford, and is now known as the Macnaniores. 
Redmond Mac David Mor was the chief of this sept in 1611, and 
the descendants in the last two centuries, particularly those who 
emigrated to America, became Davis instead of Mac David. 



280 SAMUEL LEE DAVIS 

"The Davies of Gwysany (Mold, Flintshire, England) have 
ranked for centuries among the first families of North Wales. 
They derived an unbroken descent from the famed Cymric Efell, 
Lord of Eylwys Eyle, who lived A. D. 1200, son of Madoc HJ 
Meredith, Prince of Powys Fadoc, sixth in descent from and heir 
of Merwyn, King of Powys, third son of Rodic Maur." 

"The family was first known as Davies in 1581 when Robert 
ap David of Gwysany assumed it, and obtained from the heralds 
of England confirmation of the family arms and grant of crest 
and motto as they now appear." 

''Gwysany, which had been the seat of the family from the 
earliest known period, stands upon high ground nearly six hun- 
dred feet above the level of the sea, and about two miles from the 
town of Mold, which was anciently called by the Romans 'Mons 
Albus,' and by the Britons 'Yr Wydd grug,' meaning a lofty and 
conspicuous hill." 

The English seat of the Davis family is in Kent. One early 
ancestor, for the families were numerous along the Plymouth 
coast, came from Roxbury in 1642, to New England, and the old 
Davis homestead is well worth visiting, containing, as it does, 
solid mahogany hand carved staircases, imported from England, 
and spacious kitchen fireplaces seven and a half feet high. 

George Davis of Boston left there, in 1644 and went to North 
Carolina. In his will he provided for sons, Benjamin and Jo- 
seph, and five daughters. 

It is thought that Mr. Davis' grandfather, Greenberry Davis, 
came direct from Ireland, but the names, Davis and Ouslow as 
well as that of Hill occur throughout the Colonial records of 
Mr. Davis' native State, showing that these families have been 
located there for many years. 

In Virginia, in the year 1755, among the freeholders in Fair- 
fax County were the following: David Davis, Edward Davis, 
Thomas Davis, Isaac Davis and Joseph Davis. 

Judging from all accounts, genealogical and historical, the 
members of the Davis family have always been the first to rally 
to the standard, and the last to leave, whether vanquished or 
victorious. 

Colonel Jesse Davis, prominent in the early days, is a worthy 
example of the strong, energetic intelligent farmer. His decision 
of character and high moral courage distinguished him among 
his fellow men in the community where he lived. The chief means 
of transporting market produce, in those days was by means of 
the flat-boats plying up and down the rivers. The Colonel's self- 
reliance and perseverance are well illustrated by an incident 
which occurred during his years of farming. He started with a 
load of produce up the Kanawha River, hoping to exchange it 
to advantage at the Virginia salt works. Finding the market 



SAMUEL LEE DAVIS 281 

already overcrowded he pushed his craft up into the rich grazing 
region of the White Eiver where he knew salt would be in de- 
mand. Keceiving in exchange a boatload of valuable cattle, he 
sailed down to New Orleans, realized a goodly sum of money 
and returned home having been gone a year and a half. 

One son of the Davy family of Sandford in 1500 was Major 
of Exeter three times. He was noted for his charity and a monu- 
ment has been erected to his memorv in the church of St. Marv 

C- V 

Arches, Exeter. 



JESSE FRANKLIN HAYDEN 

JESSE FRANKLIN HAYDEN of High Point, North Caro- 
lina, comes of worthy ancestors. Other branches of this 
family in America and in the old countries spell the name 
variously Hadeu, Heyden, Haydn. In Mr. Hayden's partic- 
ular line the name has been spelled Haden until recent years, the 
form Hayden not having been adopted until about 1890. Hay or 
Haw, the hedge or enclosure, and don or donne, the hill, taken 
together form Haydon, the hedge, or enclosure, at the slope of 
the hill. This is found to be the origin of the name. Others of 
a similar derivation are Hayward, the keeper of the enclosure, 
and Haycroft, who resides within the enclosure. 

t/ s 

There is record of one Richard de Hayden, County York, as 
early as 1273. There were nobles named Hay, possessing lands 
in Normandy and one of the followers of William the Conqueror 
was Le Sieur de la Hay. 

i/ 

The whole world knows of the Austrian Franz Joseph Haydn 
of 1732-1809, whose music will live through all ages; all have 
heard of Benjamin Robert Hayden of 1786-1846, the English 
painter and writer ; and who is unfamiliar with the name of Fer- 
dinand Vandeveer Hayden of Massachusetts, the celebrated geolo- 
gist. In every age there have been Haydens of fame and dis- 
tinction. 

There were Haydens who, generations ago, came from Eng- 
land to the New England colony, and there were others of the 
name Avho settled farther down the Atlantic Coast, some of them 
having been recorded previously to 1650. Those in New England 
have kept records carefully, and have held in their possession the 
same lands through all the changes of years. In the Southern 
States family data has not been so carefully treasured, and of 
the records kept many have been destroyed, so that missing links 
are the result. 

The direct ancestors of Jesse Franklin Haydeu settled in 
either Virginia or New Jersey. There is some uncertainty re- 
garding the location of their first home in America and the exact 
time of their emigration, and the personal names of the first 
comers are not known. 

Authentic information begins with one William Haden who 
came to North Carolina previous to the Revolutionary War. He 
established a home and owned extensive lands along the South 
Yadkin River, north of Salisbury, North Carolina. He also 

[ 282 ] 



JESSE FRANKLIN HAYDEN 285 

operated a mill on Swan Creek, which after his death passed into 
the possession of his sou, Douglas. He died at an old age in 1790 
and was survived by his wife, Unity (or Eunice) ; a son, Douglas 
Haden; and daughters, Geny (or Jenny), who in 1783 married 
Joseph Haden and had children: Ritta, Joseph, Judith Hughes 
and Ann Wyatt; Elizabeth, who in 1804 married Charles Bur- 
rows; Mollie, who in 1790 married John Marshall and had chil- 
dren ; Benjamin, Daniel and Ruth ; Sallie, who married Mr. Mer- 
rell and had a son, Timothy. 

Douglas Haden in 1780 obtained by grant an extensive tract 
of land on the north side of South Yadkin River and lying on 
both sides of the main Yadkin River. He died in 1801 leaving a 
wife, Elizabeth, and sons: Billy Douglas and Jesse. 

Jesse Haden in 1798 received half of the above tract and in 
1801 bought four hundred acres of his mother's land. In 1797 
he married Rosanna, daughter of John and Agnes Sloan who 
lived at Trading Ford. Jesse received from John Sloan a large 
tract of land lying along Potts Creek out of a tract which Mr. 
Sloan had received by grant from the Earl of Granville. It was 
on this tract that Jesse established his home, erecting a mill and 
followed the occupation of farming and milling. A portion of 
the tract is still known as the "Haden Mill Place" and is in 
possession of the family. Jesse Haden (1776-1836) and his wife, 
Rosanna Sloan (1778-1831), had five daughters and one son: 
Elizabeth, 1798-1853, who married William Pinkstone, 1836-1841 ; 
Nancy, 1799-1860, who married in 1816 Colonel John P. Hodgins, 
17944825, and later married Ira Fitzgerald, 1803-1847; Jane, 
1801-1840, who married Colonel Casper Smith, (1795-1840) ; Ros- 
anna, 1824, who married Meshack Pinkstone; Lucinda, who 
married Charles T. Lippard; and Franklin W. Haden, (1811- 
1856), who married Arena Miller, (1816-1872), in 1835 and 
continued his residence at the homestead of his father, following 
the same calling that of farming and milling. His wife was the 
daughter of Thomas and Nancy (Griswold) Miller. Shortly after 
the marriage her parents moved to Petersburg, Indiana. The 
children of Franklin and Arena, born at the old homestead, were : 
five sons, J. Hamilton, (1837-1868) ; Albert L., (1847-1892) ; 
Charles A., (1840-1897) ; Jesse Thomas, (1838-1892), who married 
Mandy Fowler of Indiana; Burgess F. Hayden, w r ho married 
Mary Levina Cauble ; and one daughter, Ellen, who married C. G. 
Harris. 

The eldest son, Burgess Franklin Hayden, born in 1836, was 
a farmer and miller and resided a short distance from the home- 
stead. He was educated at Trinity College, North Carolina, and 
at Bryant and Strattons Business College, Philadelphia. During 
the Civil War, desirous of being of service to his State in her 
hour of need, he went to the Charleston Navy Yards and served 



286 JESSE FRANKLIN IIAYDEN 

in the capacity <>!' shipbuilder. In 1SGO he married Mary Levina, 
1837-11 Hi;, daughter of Peter and Polly Cauble (sometimes spelled 
Coble). The Caubles were of Rowan County and were descended 
from immigrants of Southwestern Germany. In this county were 
ninny who came from the Palatinate, and from Hesse Cassel, 
along the upper and middle Rhine. History speaks of them as a 
people of sterling qualities and valuable to any community. 

To Burgess F. Harden and Levina, his wife, were born four 
children : two daughters and two sons, Manco, who died in early 
childhood ; Laura, who married Reverend William H. Townsend ; 
Ada, who married Doctor Isaac H. Lutterloh; and Jesse F. Hay- 
den of this sketch. Burgess F. died in 1906. 

Jesse F. Harden was born near Linwood, North Carolina, 

/ 

February 14, 1875. After a childhood spent on the farm he was, 
when of suitable age, sent to Tyro Academy, Lexington Seminary 
and Thompson School, all in North Carolina. Following this 
preliminary schooling with a college course, he graduated in 181W 
from Trinity College, Durham, North Carolina. 

Two years after leaving college he embarked on a business 
career, which has met with steadily increasing success. Very 
much credit is due Mr. Hay den, for, although handicapped by the 
lack of capital at the start, he has built up a business which is a 
testimonial of his industry and good judgment. Without money 
he established an Independent Telephone Exchange at Thomas- 
ville, North Carolina. By securing a franchise and selling stock 
he gathered funds sufficient for the purchase of building material, 
and most of the work of erecting and running the plant was done 
by himself. Taking payment in stock, he, in this way, secured a 
two-third interest in the company. This company, now T in its 
nineteenth year, operates five hundred and fifty telephone sta- 
tions and has in addition a successful long distance business. 

In less than two years the plant in Thoniasville was so firmly 
established and thriving so well that Mr. Hayclen sought other 
opportunities for venture. Following his method of applying his 
earnings as payment of his investments, he, again without money 
but by giving his note, bought a half interest in a small telephone 
exchange being operated in High Point, North Carolina. At that 
time the company had only sixty telephones, but had attained 
great prosperity. In 1905 it was incorporated as the North State 
Telephone Company. From sixty telephones the business has 
grown until now the company operates sixteen hundred and fifty 
stations besides long-distance toll lines which run into Greens- 
boro, Winston-Salem and numerous other points. Needless to 
say Mr. Hayden's note was soon paid. The figures show this com- 
pany to have grown wonderfully in the few years since its incor- 
poration. 

Mr. Hayclen has further invested in the Lexington Telephone 



JESSE FRANKLIN HAYDEN 287 

Company, and in the Bandleman Telephone Company. These 
enterprises also are meeting with success, and by the four com- 
panies three thousand telephone stations are now operated. 
These companies are independent and have no connection with 
the lines of the Bell Telephone Company. They connect, how- 
ever, with those of the Postal Telegraph Company and have 
extensive toll connections with other independent lines. 

The success of these companies is attributed by Mr. Hayden 
to popular rates, courteousness and, in general, to the high grade 
of efficiency in their service. His opinions on the telephone dif- 
fer materially from those of many others in that field of opera- 
tion and his success goes far to prove that his views have the 
right trend. He says that under his methods telephone users 
especially have been benefited. 

In each of the aforenamed companies and in one other, Mr. 
Hayden holds official positions of importance. He is President 
of the Kandleman Telephone Company; President of the Salis- 
bury Independent Telephone Company; Secretary and Treasurer 
of the Thomasville Company, and Manager of the North State 
and the Lexington Telephone Companies. 

Mr. Hayden has been keenly alive to the needs of the tele- 
phone service and his brain is ever busy with schemes for its 
improvement. Developing some latent inventive faculty he has 
perfected an improved automatic cord circuit for manual tele- 
phone switchboards. In addition to the usual automatic features 
which recently have been applied to manual switchboards, his 
design includes a simple and practical automatic "Busy Signal." 
The use of this device will materially simplify the work of the 
operator. It has been assigned to the Kellogg Switchboard and 
Supply Company of Chicago and is expected to be put to prac- 
tical use in the near future. 

Mr. Hayden has attempted to prove the complete success of 
an independent telephone system and up to the present time his 
efforts have been amply rewarded. 

As an American citizen Mr. Hayden exercises his right to 
full and free opinions on all governmental questions and adds the 
weight of his influence according to his convictions by voting for 
the Democratic party. 

Further than that, he is not a politician; he has not held 
political offices, nor has he had desire to do so. Neither has he 
cared to affiliate with clubs or societies of any kind. He is a 
member of the Wesley Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South. 

On March 12, 1902, he was married at Thomasville to Miss 
Velva Green. She was born on June 17, 1885, at Thomasville, and 
is the daughter of John Alpheus and Almeda (Hoover) Green. 
Mr. and Mrs. Hayden are the proud parents of four children: 
Nellie Lee, Elizabeth Mae, Velva, and Margaret. 



JAMES ALEXANDER CARROLL 

THE branch of the Carroll family to which James Alex- 
ander Carroll of Gaffney, Cherokee County, South Caro- 
lina, belongs, was in Halifax County, Virginia, where 
they did good service during the Revolution, in which 
war William Carroll, his grandfather made a good record for 
himself. 

At a later date Thomas, his son, with his wife, Lucinda 
Hullender, settled in York County, South Carolina, where James 
Alexander was born in 1852. He lost both his parents during his 
childhood, his father having been killed in battle near Peters- 
burgh, Virginia, in 1864, and he was early confronted with the 
fact that his living and his future depended upon his own exer- 
tions. Cheerfully, he quit the country school which he had at- 
tended and at the age of sixteen became a storekeeper's clerk. 
Three years later when but nineteen he established a business 
for himself. In 1872, he married Mary C. Humphreys, of Gaffney, 
a daughter of Caroline and Thompson Humphreys. 

Two daughters were born to them. One of these, Minnie 
Augustus, married George G. Byers, and they now have two 
children. The other daughter, Virginia, married Doctor A. C. 
Cree, and to them have been born four children. 

James Alexander Carroll is mrvv (1916) sixty-four years of 
age. These years have been spent in doing things, and he seems 
not to have grown weary in the management of his various enter- 
prises. His mental grasp of financial affairs has ever been keen 
and he holds the reins of many successful ventures. 

He is Vice-President of the First National Bank, President 
of the Carroll Grocery Company, President of Limestone Cotton 
Mills, President of the J. A. Carroll Cotton Company, Director 
of five other cotton mills, Treasurer in the Limestone Lime Com- 
pany and senior member of the firm of Carroll and Byers Com- 
pany, President Limestone Land Company, Treasurer and trus- 
tee of Limestone College (female college, Gaffney, South Caro- 
lina), trustee of Furman L T niversity (male college, Greenville, 
South Carolina), to both of these colleges he has given large 
sums of monev. 

/ 

For forty years he has been steadily engaged in mercantile 
business particularly in developing cotton interests, besides 
assuming the direction of other weighty affairs. In politics he 
is a Democrat, and has served his party as Mayor of Gaffney, 

[288] 



JAMES ALEXANDER CARROLL 291 

besides having been an Alderman for a long term of years. He is 
identified with the Order of Masons, and holds the office of Deacon 
in the Providence Baptist Church. 

Surely his life has been a full one. He has proven himself 
a true Carroll by his success and he stands linked by a great 
invisible chain to others of his kind, who are the Makers of 
America in this era. 

It is interesting to turn back a few centuries and glance 
at the lines of those who first bore the name. 

In Ireland there has always been "class" and a great love 
of family. Many of them have been possessed of good brains and 
kindly heart. There exist to-day wonderful chronicles in the 
Irish language, many of them written in verse. We should say 
poetry, for the Irish have possessed the soul of poetry. The lin- 
eage of their patrician families is clear and authentic, but as 
with all ancient lore there is much of fable intermingled. 

One of the most reliable genealogists of modern times says 
that the house of O'Carroll was firmly established in the third 
century, coming from Kean or Clan, son of Olioll Olum, King of 
Munster. Kean was called a Prince of Ely. The name O'Carroll 
came from Clabhat and down the years it has had many varia- 
tions such as, O'Cearbhaill (Cearball), Karwell, Gervill, Kerle, 
Kerlie, McCarloe, McCarlie, McKerrell and others. The original 
name meant slaughter. 

Keating in his stories about Ireland goes far afield in his 
claims for heritage. He allows 4052 years between the first 
Adam and Christ, and in his family tracings takes the Carrolls 
with assurance back to the days of Xoah. 

t> 

As a clan of lords and princes, the Carrolls were distin- 
guished and from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century, they were 
especially dominating, mingling and intermarrying with noble 
families all over the British Isles. The territory of Elv was sit- 

i/ . 

uated at what is now the Barony of Lower Ormond, County Tip- 
perary, with the Barony of Clonlisk, and a part of Ballybrit in 
King's County, extending to the Sheve Bloom mountains border- 
ing Queens County. 

Coming after King Olioll Olum and the son of Kean, Prince 
of Ely, we are told of a long line of princes, with stories of their 
deeds some very good, and some rather cloudy. King Olioll 
Olum, was, on the whole, quite to be admired for achievements 
great and generous, though a missing ear and teeth as black as 
ink were the consequences of some early misdeed. 

Daniel Carroll founded the Abbev of Xewrv in the vear 

* ^ 

1148, and also Cnocksingan Abbey in 1182. He is spoken of as 
"a pious prince with a glorious character." 

Another prince of the line founded the Convent of Eoscrea 
for the Franciscans, in the year 1490. 



JAMKS ALKXAXDER CARROLL 

Another Daniel is said to have had thirty sons whom he 
formed inlo a troop oi' horses with full accouterments for war, 
and presentrd the sons and the outfit to the Earl of Ormond for 
the service of Charles the First. Daniel believed in preparedness. 

The Maryland Carrolls are descended from Daniel O'Carroll 



of Litterluna, Ireland. Through all the vicissitudes of the Re- 
formation period, and the upheaval of later days, these Carrolls 
were loyal in their adhesion to the faith of their forefathers, and 
their descendants are still fervent Catholics. 

Charles O'Carroll, Daniel's son, was born in Litterluna, and 
emigrated to Maryland, U. 8. A., in the year 1G88. He was a 
learned man and a lawyer of Middle Temple of London, and 
possessed great wealth. It is said that he was a favorite of the 
English King, from whom he obtained large grants of land, be- 
sides which he purchased extensively until he possessed more 
than 60,000 acres. This land he divided into estates of differing 
extent, to each of which he gave a name, suggestive of the land 
of his birth. Litterluna, after his own birthplace, Cleuenalra, 
Doughregan, and others, recalled to him, traditions and memories. 

Doughregan Manor was an estate of 10,000 acres, and is still 
in the possession of the present head of the family. The Manor 
house is one of the finest of the old colonial mansions, with wings 
extending three hundred feet. 

Among those in this family of special note, Charles Carroll, 
known as the Barrister, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, otherwise 
designated as "The Signer" and John Carroll, the great Arch- 
bishop of Baltimore, the first Catholic See in the United States. 

Charles Carroll the lawyer was born in Annapolis in 1723. 
To obtain the education suited to their station in life, the Car- 
rolls were sent to Europe, to Lisbon, Portugal, to Eton, and the 
University of Cambridge, and the Middle Temple in London. He 
was the embodiment of the wisdom and judicial knowledge in the 
Colonies. The Declaration of Rights and the first Constitution 
of Maryland were from his pen. He was of the famous "Council 
of Safety," and member of the first Senate of Maryland. His man- 
sion in Annapolis is still standing and is now the House of 
Studies of the Redernptorist Order of the Catholic Church. 

Charles Carroll of Carrollton, one of the immortal band of 
those who proclaimed the independence of the States, was born 
in 1737. Educated abroad at the famous colleges of Europe end- 
ing with his course at Middle Temple, without which no English- 
man is fully equipped for bar or bench, he came back to the land 
of his adoption, ready to throw himself into the struggle for 
right and justice. He was one of the Committee sent to Canada 
to solicit the sympathy and co-operation of the Canadians in the 
struggles of the States. Unfortunately, the memory of the treat- 
ment received in New England by their co-religionists made them 



JAMES ALEXANDER CARROLL 293 

deaf to any such overtures. Representing Maryland in the Con- 
gress, Carroll was upon the board of war and when he signed the 
Declaration of Independence, that no doubt of his identity might 
arise he wrote both name and address: "Charles Carroll of Car- 
rollton." He was the last survivor of the band living to see the 
nation he had helped to make take its place full grown and power- 
ful among the other nations of the earth. He died in 1832, and 
was buried in his private chapel on his own place. In the later 
years of his life, he took great pleasure in the success of a college 
for the education of priests, near his home, having given two 
hundred fifty-three acres of land and a large sum of money to- 
wards its establishment. 

The Reverend John Carroll was born in 1735. He was edu- 
cated for the priesthood at the College of St. Orner, in France 
and Liege in Belgium. He spent a while tutoring, later residing 
w T ith the Earl of Arundel. The persecution in Maryland, by those 
who had first profited by the religious freedom established by 
the Catholic Lord Baltimore, upon political changes which 
brought the Anglican element in power, became persecutors of 
the earlier colonists and the troubles brought about in Mary- 
land were only halted by the rumblings of war with the Mother 
Country. Mr. Carroll returned and took his position with his 
people. His claim to leadership was recognized and he was one 
of the committee sent to Canada to endeavor to enlist the Cana- 
dians in the Revolution. With all his heart and soul he set about 
his duties as a priest. The old landmarks all over Maryland 
could tell tales of his journeyings and labors. 

Immediately after the close of the war, he was made Vicar 
General of the Catholic Church in the United States. In 1790, 
he was created Bishop and the See of Baltimore established, and 
in 1803, he became Archbishop of Baltimore and Primate in the 
United States. He founded Georgetown College and laid the 
cornerstone of the Cathedral in Baltimore. Continuing his work 
for God and country, he lived to the a^e of 80 vears and died in 
1815. 

The earliest mention of the name in connection with Vir- 
ginia is that of John Carroll, who was one of the Charter mem- 
bers of the Virginia Company of London, under the second Char- 
ter of 1609. "Adventurers" they were called, not in the modern 
acceptance of the meaning of the word, but individuals both men 
and women who were putting their means into a venture, more 
or less uncertain in its outcome, but from which they had reason 
to expect great results. Of course to own stock in such an enter- 
prise argued the possession of considerable wealth. The Com- 
pany was composed of the nobility and rich merchants of London, 
as also the corporations of the liveried companies. 

Some members of the Virginia Company visited Virginia to 



294 JAMES ALEXANDER CARROLL 

view the land, some came to remain and make new homes while 
exploiting the country. Many only sent their younger sons. 

These earlier colonists were of the oldest families and the 
best blood of Great Britain, and so well did they lay the founda- 
tions of government in the new land, that the position now occu- 
pied by the United States among the nations of the world is due 
to them. It behooves their posterity, in whose veins their blood 
still flows, to continue to follow their lead. 

This patronymic was spelled variously, at least in England, 
though it is possible that it is of the same lineage as Carroll of 
Ireland. In the County of Essex in England, we find Sir Edward, 
Sir Thomas and Sir John Carrell. In London Richard Caryll, 
sou of John Caryll, of Warnham, County Sussex, was Sergeant 
at Law to King Henry VIII. The London visitation of 1033 gives 
Richard, John, Blase and Charles, Ellen Burnell and Elizabeth 
f'arvll. In another visitation in 1635, the name is also written 

/ 

Carrell and records the marriage of Alice, the daughter of Blase, 
above mentioned, to Francis West, Esquire, of London, gentle- 
man, and as he or his son Francis was also of the Virginia Com- 
pany, it would seem that John the brother of Alice was identical 
with the first named John Caril of the Virginia Company of 160M. 

Another relative of these Carrells was the Baron Morley, 
another of the adventurers, and still another Sir Nicholas 
Lupton. 

Among the soldiers of the Revolution were Luke Carrol of 
the Eighth Virginia Regiment, Bartholomew, Samuel, Thomas, 
Samuel, Batt, Benjamin, Barker, Edward, George, James, John 
of the Sixth Virginia as was also William, who was the grand- 
father of James Alexander Carroll. 

The presumption is that the Carils, Caryll s or Carrells of 
Sussex, Essex and London are descendants of the Elv family of 

- i 

O'Carrolls of Ireland. 



BLAKE BRADDEY ADAMS 

THE name of Adams may be found in American records 
through Kevolutionary and Colonial days and as far back 
as 1645. It is a fine old English name and transplanted 
to the soil of the new world has borne fruit an hundred- 
fold. Two men bearing it have attained to the highest office 
within the gift of the American people. John Adams and John 
Quincy Adams, father and son, stand like sentinels between the 
old world and the new, occupying the very crest of eminence, and 
have builded for themselves a record that will endure so long as 
the annals of this great nation shall find a place in history. With 
giant intellectual attainments and nobility of character they 
honored the country that honored them, and they have left a noble 
inheritance for their descendants. The name stands for distinc- 
tion of birth; and probity, uprightness and intellectuality seem 
to have been linked with it, wherever found. 

Charles Francis Adams, son of John Quincy Adams, was a 
distinguished diplomat, and his two sons, John Quincy and 
Charles Francis both attained prominence, one as a legislator, 
the other as a politician, lawyer and writer. By inheritance they 
gained position, wealth, brains, and through exertion they 
widened their influence and stood shoulder to shoulder with their 
foremost contemporaries. Circumstance and blood were ruling 
factors in their development. 

Blake Braddy Adams of Four Oaks, North Carolina, traces 
his lineage through the Virginia branch; his people having coine 
from Virginia, settling first in Wake County and later removing 
to Johnston Count}', North Carolina. His great-grandfather, 
John Adams, settled in Chowan County. His grandfather was 
Sidney Adams, and his parents were William Gaston and Sabra 
Ann (Parker) Adams. They were well regarded in their com- 
munity, living upright lives of pious integrity. Unfortunately, 
their immediate progenitors were careless about the preserving 
of family history, and much data of great interest has been lost. 

Oliver Wendell Holmes, in "The Poet at the Breakfast 
Table," says : "As we grow older we think more and more of old 
persons and of old things and places. As to old persons, it 
seemed as if we never knew how much thev had to tell until we 

L 

are old ourselves and they have gone twenty or thirty years- 
Among the lesser regrets that mingle with graver sorrow, for the 
friends of an earlier generation we have lost, are our omissions to 

[297] 



298 BLAKE BRADDEY ADAMS 

ask them so many questions they could have answered so easily 
and would have been pleased to have been asked." The truth of 
this statement is especially recognized by historians and genealo- 
gists, and is pertinent to the case under consideration. 

In the Virginia branch is found Ebenezer Adams of Saint 
Peter's Parish, New Kent County, Virginia. This gentleman 
came to Virginia before 1714 and received a grant of three thou- 
sand nine hundred eighty-three acres of land in New Kent and 
Henrico Counties. He was a member of the Established Church 
and is on record as a vestryman for Saint Peter's the 13th of 
June, 1735. He married about 1718, Tabitha, daughter of Thomas 
Bowler, Esquire, of Kappahannock County, member of the Coun- 
cil. The last will and testament of Richard Cocke of Bremo, 
Henrico County, was presented in court October 1720, by Ebe- 
nezer Adams, John Boiling and William Randolph, securities. 
The children of Ebenezer Adams were: Richard, Bowling, Wil- 
liam, Richard (the second of the name), Tabitha and Thomas. 

Colonel Richard Adams was born in New Kent County, May 
12, 1726. He died in Richmond, Virginia, August 2, 1800. One 
of many estimable men born and reared on Virginia soil, he was 
a man of good mind and noble heart, a breadth of culture gained 
by the perusal of the ancient classics, and a political sagacity 
that marked him a true statesman. He well served his day and 
country, and patriotism was ever his watchword. From 1752 to 
1775 he sat in the House of Burgesses, representing New Kent 
and Henrico Counties, from 1776 to 1778 he was a conspicuous 
member of the "House of Delegates," and he served his State in 
the Senate from 1779 to 1782. Virginia was proud of her off- 
spring and delighted to do him honor. At his death he was the 
largest property owner in Richmond, Virginia, and considered 
one of the most enterprising, public spirited and influential men 
in the city. His handsome home on Church Hill is now known 
as the Convent of Monte Maria. Colonel Richard Adams was an 
ardent patriot throughout the Revolutionary War, and gave aid 
to the cause of liberty to the extent of his ability. Adams street 
was so named in his honor. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Leroy and Mary Ann Griffin of Richmond County, Virginia, a 
sister of Judge Cyrus Griffin of William sburg. He lies buried by 
the side of his wife in the Richmond County cemetery, and his 
descendants have migrated to many States of the Union. 

Thomas Adams, a brother of Colonel Richard Adams, was 
born in New Kent County, Virginia, about 1730. His will is 
dated October 12, 1784. In the year of 1788 he was a clerk of 
Henrico County and a vestryman of Henrico Parish from 1757 
to 1764; he also served as church warden. In 1762 he sailed for 
England to look after property interests of himself and family, 
and in 1763 his family sent him papers giving him power of attor- 



BLAKE BRADDEY ADAMS 299 

ney to transact all business matters for them in New Kingston, 
in England. It is interesting to note that he used a seal which 
seems to be identical with the arms ascribed by authorities on 
Coat Armour to the Adams of London. A pedigree of eleven 
generations of this family is in the Visitation of Shropshire for 
1623. 

Continuing the history of the Virginia branch of the family, 
it is recorded that Abnegro Adams of Fairfax County, Virginia, 
was born in 1721 and died in 1809. He was a successful planter 
and had three sons. The father of Abnegro was Francis of 
Charles County, Maryland, who was born about 1690, and lived 
on a plantation in Maryland called "Troopers Rendezvous." In 
his will dated May 26, 1766, he mentions six children, all sons: 
Josias, George, Ignatius, Abnegro, Samuel and Francis. 

Josias Peak Adams, son of Abnegro, born in 1748, lived in 
Loudon County, Virginia. He had great business ability, was a 
successful merchant and owned a vast landed estate. His son 
Francis was a merchant and a vestryman in Christ Church, Alex- 
andria, Virginia, in 1815, and had served in the war of 1812. 

On the Virginia records we find this curious and interesting 
history: "A true and Perfect list of all ye names of ye inhabi- 
tants in ye Parish of Christ Church with an exact account of all 
ye lands with Servants and Negroes within ye said Parish. Taken 
this 22nd December 1679." Then follows among other names 
that of John Adams who has one hundred ninety-two acres of 
land, three white servants and sixty-three negroes. Then again 
among abstracts of wills for Chowan County, North Carolina, in 
1745 is this: "Peter Adams, Brother, John Adams and his child, 
sister Mary Mounie of Crediton in Devonshire, Great Britain, 
wife Sarah, son John, brother John Wrentham and John Lewis 
etc., Test Wm. Luton, Wm. Lewis." The name is repeated many 
times on lists of Abstracts of Wills in North Carolina, and on the 
list of the Revolutionary soldiers in the "Old North State." 
Among a number of Englishmen banished to America for par- 
ticipation in the Monmouth rebellion is John Adams. Another 
John Adams was born in France, of English parents. Fired with 
a spirit of adventure he came with Lafayette's soldiers to Amer- 
ica while a boy of some sixteen years of age. He served through- 
out the Revolutionary War, and when Lafayette's men were re- 
turning to France he hid himself in a flour barrel in Philadelphia, 
as he was desirous of making his home in a land of liberty. He 
thus escaped detection, and hiring himself to a captain of a whal- 
ing vessel he roved the seas for two years. After this he served 
an apprenticeship to a cabinetmaker for seven years. It being 
rumored that the French were going to search the city, John left 
Philadelphia and proceeded southward and settled on or near 
the head of the Yodkin River in North Carolina. Here he mar- 



300 BLAKE BRADDEY ADAMS 

ried Esther Hawkins. Thus we see them along the line men of 
resources and courage, men of intellect, soldiers and Christian 
gentlemen. 

Blake Braddy Adams was born near Duke, Harnett County, 
North Carolina, October 22, 1862. He is a steward in the Meth- 
odist Church and has for twenty-five years been a superintendent 
in its Sunday School. 

While devoted to the cause of religion and active in Church 
work he is broad-minded and tolerant of the opinions of others. 
He believes that by increasing the usefulness of the Church and 
developing the industrial life of the community, the individual 
standard will be raised ; this resulting in a better administration 
of public affairs, a greater observance of the laws, and the general 
uplift of the nation, for no country is greater than its people. 

After receiving his preliminary education at Little Rivers 
Academy he taught in the public school in his county. Like so 
many Southern bovs he found his father's means greatly reduced, 

/ */ - 

and the proceeds from his teaching were used to defray his ex- 
penses at Trinity College, which institution he later attended. 
This small money obtained when only fifteen years of age meant 
much more to the bov than the many thousands he has since 

t, t/ 

acquired, and Mr. Adams points with pardonable pride to this 
period of his life. 

As a clerk in a mercantile firm he began his real business 
career. He has climbed the ladder step by step, and broadened 
his business until the old house in which he started as a mere 
clerk is now the "Adams Company," doing a large and increas- 
ing business. Success seems to claim him as her own; his busi- 
ness has multiplied until he now finds himself a planter, a cotton 
dealer with a ginning system, cotton manufacturer and merchant. 
He is also a Director of the Jefferson Standard Insurance Com- 
pany, Greensboro, North Carolina, President of the Bank of Four 
Oaks, President of the Ivanhoe Manufacturing Company of 
Smithfield, Director in the Selrna Cotton Mill, the Lizzie Cotton 
MiU, and the Ethel Cotton Mill of Selina, North Carolina. He is 
Director of the State Hospital in Raleigh, North Carolina, a 
Trustee of Louisburg College, Louisburg, North Carolina, and 
Carolina College, Maxton, North Carolina, and of the Methodist 
Orphanage in Raleigh, North Carolina. He has proved himself 
a capable man indeed. Busy with the affairs of life, he has yet 
found time for reading; history, current events and religious 
literature claiming his preference. The societies also have a 
share in his busy life, for Mr. Adams is an Odd Fellow and a 
non-resident member of the Raleigh Capital Club. He is a 
staunch Democrat and a believer in patronizing home institutions 
and industries. 

The surname of Adams is formed from a personal one, the 



BLAKE BKADDEY ADAMS 301 

Anglo-Saxon and French forms being Adam, and the Flemish, 
Adams. Many branches of the family claim royal descent and 
they are included in the landed gentry of Great Britain. In 
County Devon, June 13, 1660, one of this name, Sir Thomas 
Adams, was knighted. He was sheriff of the city of London and 
later Lord Mayor. He was imprisoned in the town for his loyalty 
to the King during the time of the Cromwellian protectorate and 
further evinced his devotion to the exiled sovereign by remit- 
ting to him, in his hour of need, ten thousand pounds, an enor- 
mous sum in those days. It was after the restoration that he 
was ennobled. Sir Thomas Adams of the Koval Navv, his de- 

t> / / 

sceudant, died on the Virginia Station April 12, 1770 and the 
baronetcv became extinct. 

*/ 

The cross, the emblem of salvation, seems to be the distin- 
guishing feature of the coats of arms of most of the families. 

In Scotland the name is of great antiquity. In the reign of 
Kobert Bruce there lived Duncan Adams, sou of Alexander 
Adams. He had four sons who are the ancestors of all the Adams, 
Adamsons and Andres in Scotland. The name itself was origi- 
nally Hebrew ; meaning man, earthly. In Wales the form Adams 
is simply the genitive, son being understood hence Adams, son 
of Adain. 

Numerous families of this name are to be found in Nor- 
mandy. This is true, particularly of Brix and Stottevast, the 
reason being that many of the lords bore the name of Adam and 
it was adopted by their vassals as a tribe or clan name. 

Mr. Adams is descended through his mother from the Parkers, 
an old and distinguished family, and he has derived from them 
many admirable traits which together with his inheritance from 
his father's people has produced a happy combination. 

The Parkers drifted into North Carolina from Virginia 
and are easily traced back to England, where the name is honored 
and has produced numerous distinguished men. Bishop Meade 
in writing of old families of Virginia makes mention of seven 
of the name of Parker. Josias was in Congress from 1789 to 
1801 and there were seven Parkers representing Virginia in Con- 
gress from 1819 to 1821. Some of the family moved to Westmore- 
land County where the Honorable Richard Elliott Parker was 
born in 1783. He was a brilliant lawyer and represented the 
State as legislator; in 1837 he served in the Senate and was 
afterwards Judge of the Supreme Court of appeals. He died in 
1840. His brilliant son Eichard served Virginia as a Representa- 
tive from 1849 to 1857. 

Coming nearer to the present day, the name of Francis Way- 
land Parker stands out conspicuously as a great educator and a 
man who acquired a wide prominence by introducing a method 
of teaching which was entirely new in this country. He was the 
author of numerous works on educational subjects. 



302 BLAKE BRADDEY ADAMS 

The oratorio, "Hora Novissima" is the work of Horatio Wil- 
liam Parker, an American composer of note, who was born in 
1863. 

Alton B. Parker of New York, who was the Democratic 
nominee for President of the United States in 1904, has attained 
a national reputation. Prominent in legal circles as well as in 
politics, he has been Judge of the Supreme Court of the State of 
New York and has held other important offices. 

The Parkers trace their descent from Keginald C. Parker 
who accompanied Edward the First to the Holy Land and re- 
ceived from him a grant of land for his services. 

Mr. Adams is descended in both paternal and maternal lines 
from families who trace their ancestry back to "Old England." 
Truly a goodly land and a sturdy race from which to spring. 

On June 9, 1887, Mr. B. B. Adams was married to Miss 
Florence Bandy, who was born May 26, 1867, in Lincolnton, 
North Carolina. She is the daughter of Professor James Marcus 
Bandy and Martha Leonard Bandy. Professor Bandy was a suc- 
cessful teacher, and for many years held the chair of Mathe- 
matics in Trinity College at Durham, North Carolina. Mr. 
Adams has seven children four sons and three daughters. The 
oldest son, Jesse Blake, after a course at High School and Trin- 
ity Park, studied law at the University of Virginia, and is now 
practicing at Four Oaks, North Carolina. The second son, Hugh 
Bandy, after the course in Trinity High School, was graduated 
from Trinity College and is now engaged in business. Ruth 
Adams was graduated from the Greensboro College for Women, 
and married W. C. Boren, Jr., of Greensboro, North Carolina. 
Anne was also a graduate of the Greensboro College for Women, 
and married Dr. Ben. F. Royal of Morehead City, North Carolina. 
The three younger children, James Morrison, William Gaston, 
and Florence Bandy are still at home. 

Mr. Adams' statement that he can do things better than 
write plans of ideals, is amply proved by his brilliant success in 
his chosen fields of endeavor. 



DUNCAN EVANDER McIVER 

THE progenitor of the Maclver, or Maclvor, family of Scot- 
land was Ivor, Son of Duncan, Lord of Lechow, who lived 
in the time of King Malcolm IV. The name is derived 
from the Norse, Ivarr. The family estates were originally 
Lergachonzie and Asknish, and also some lands in Cowal. 
Although the Mclvers were numerous, for some reason they 
never became an independent clan, but continued as septs of the 
Campbells of Argyle, the Robertsons of Strowan, and the Mc- 
Kenzies of Seaforth. The motto of the chief of the Clan Camp- 
bell was, "Do not forget." To this the Maclvers would reply 
with their motto, "I will never forget." That they were sturdy 
and independent folk is shown by the fact that during the rising 
of "the 7 45" in Scotland, when the Campbells of Argyle espoused 
the cause of the reigning sovereign, the branch of the Mclvers 
affiliated w T ith them declined to follow, and went out in a body 
in favor of Prince Charles, following the standard of the Mac- 
Donnels of Keppoch. At the Battle of Culloden, by their ov/n 
desire, they were drawn up in a body and occupied such a posi- 
tion that they would not be in opposition to the Argyle men, who 
wore the same badges and tartans as their own. 

That branch of the Maclvers who became affiliated with the 
McKenzies of Seaforth was found in Wester-Ross as early as the 
thirteenth century. In one district of Scotland, ten hundred 
and seventy-two persons of this name were found in a census 
of 1861. 

Some time between 1575 and 1585, a Maclver colony settled 
in Caithness. Here they lived near the Gunns, between whom 
and the Maclvers feuds existed for generations. 

Although Scotch, Scotch-Irish and Irish emigration to Amer- 
ica took place from the date of the first settlement of the colonies 
down to recent times, it was not until the middle of the eigh- 
teenth century that Scotch and Irish names became frequent in 
records, and their descendants numerous in certain sections. 
After the battle of Culloden many Scotch families emigrated to 
America. It was in 1756 that the names of M'lver and M'Intosh 
first appeared among the early records of Old Cheraws, South 
Carolina, when one Sarah M'lver received a grant of land on 
Lynch's Creek. It was about this period that Roderick M'lver, 
who may have been related to the above mentioned Sarah, came 
to Cheraws. He came directly from Scotland, where he had mar- 

[305] 



306 DUNCAN EVANDER MC IVKi: 

ried his tirst \\ilV, Anne Rogerson. Soon after liis arrival in 
South Carolina he married Rachel, daughter of the Reverend 
Joshua Edwards, by whom he had three children, Evander, John 
E., and Catharine. Evander married Sarah Kolb, and they have 
left many descendants. Evander was for many years a promi- 
nent member of the Welch Neck Church. His brother, John E.. 
married Mary Anne Williams, and their children were: John E.. 
who died when just entering manhood; Ann Eliza, who married 
John W. Davis; Catharine, who died in infancy; David Rogerson 
Williams, who married, first, Caroline Wilds, and later Martha 
E. Grant; Thomas E., who married Eliza M'Intosh, and after- 
wards Sarah Bacot; and Alexander, who married Mary Hanforn. 
< Catharine M'lver. sister of John E. and Evander, and daughter 
of Roderick, married first Josiah Evans, and later the Reverend 
Edmund Botsford, a Baptist preacher. Her father, Roderick 
M'lver, died March, 1768. 

In 1772, three Mclver brothers, whose names were Donald. 
John and Evander, came to North Carolina. They traced their 
descent back to the Mclvers from the Isle of Skye, off the west 
coast of Scotland, which indicates that they belonged to that 
branch of the family identified Avith the McKenzie clan. The fact 
that there was some similarity in names between this group of 
brothers and the M'lvers of Cheraws, South Carolina, would 
seem to indicate a relationship between the two families. Three 
years after their advent into North Carolina, the Mclver brothers 
allied themselves with the colonists, and rendered brave service 
during the Revolution. 

There were frequent references to persons of this family 
name in North Carolina records during and after the Revolu- 
tionary period. One Alexander Mclver, of Wilmington, was a 
signer of a petition which was sent to the legislature, and favor- 
ably considered. In Cumberland, North Carolina, lived some 
individuals of this name. In the year 1790, in or near Favette- 

t/ 

ville, lived Alexander Mclver, whose family included, besides 
himself, a son over sixteen, three boys under sixteen, his wife, 
or daughter, and six slaves. In Favette District, Moore Countv, 

t> t/ , 

lived Rorey Mclver, whose family included "five males over 16," 
and "two females." In the same district and county lived five 
other Mclver families, these being: the family of John, which 
included, beside himself, one boy, and (apparently) a wife and 
six daughters; Duncan's family, including (apparently) three 
sons, a wife and daughter; the family of Angus, which included, 
beside himself, one woman relative, probably wife, and two small 
boys; Alexander's family, including "two males over 16," two 
under 16, and "two females," and the family of Daniel B. Smith 
Mclver, which included himself and a woman relative, doubtless 
his wife. In Richmond County, Fayette District, Margaret Me- 



DUNCAN EVANDER MC IVER 307 

Iver was the head of a family, including oue young man, four 
small boys, and a woman or girl besides herself. 

Evander Mclver, one of the three brothers before-mentioned, 
who was a son of Kenneth Mclver, was the ancestor of the late 
Duncan Evander Mclver of Sanford, who was born about one- 
half mile from Buffalo Church, on February 15, 1861. He was 
the son of Wesley and Jane Mclver. Wesley Mclver was a son 
of John Bann Mclver, who was son of John Bann Mclver, who 
was son of Evander, above-mentioned. 

Duncan Evander Mclver attended the Union Home School 
in Moore County, and later studied under Professor John E. 
Kelley, after which he went to the Binghani School at Mebane, 
and thence to the University of North Carolina, which he entered 
in 1879, and where he remained two years. Among his classmates 
in the university were many who have later become distinguished 
in various walks of life in North Carolina, and with some of 
them, such as Craig, Winston and Daniels, he formed friendships 
which lasted throughout life. He was regarded as a brilliant 
student, and his popularity with the student body w r as such that 
he was elected Ball Manager of the Commencement of 1880, a 
much coveted honor. 

Leaving the University he became a farmer on the old home- 
stead near Sanford. In 1886, then just twenty-five years old, he 
was nominated by the Democrats as their candidate for the State 

/ 

senate for the district, composed of Moore and Randolph Coun- 
ties. He was then only of the mimimum age permitted under 
the law for a member of the State senate. His republican oppon- 
ent, Colonel Kichardson, was a veteran campaigner. The young 
man conducted a most brilliant campaign against the veteran 
and beat him. Notwithstanding his youth, he made a notable 
record in the senate and became one of the leaders of that body. 
For the remainder of his life he was a prominent figure in North 
Carolina politics, always in demand as a political speaker, and in 
the campaigns of 1898 and 1900 he was not only one of the effec- 
tive speakers but wielded a great influence, and contributed 
largely to the victory for white supremacy and the suffrage 
amendment. 

At the time of his death he was County Chairman of his 
party, and a member of the State Executive Committee. One of 
the most notable incidents of his life occurred in 1902. At the 
Congressional Convention held in Monroe, he was a candidate for 
the nomination with a strong following. It was a battle royal. 
After an all-night session, during which two thousand ballots had 
been taken, Mr. Mclver made a speech which no one who heard it 
ever forgot. In that speech he frankly admitted that the nomina- 
tion to Congress would satisfy the dearest wish of his heart, but 
realizing that personal ambitions should not come in the way 



308 DUNCAN EVANDER MC IVER 

of what he conceived to be the public welfare, he withdrew from 
the contest in the interest of harmony. 

After farming for a time he spent a few years in the mer- 
cantile business at Sanford, but this was not his true calling. 
He re-entered the University in its law department, was gradu- 
ated in due course, and admitted to the Bar in 1897. He was 
thirty-six years of age when, in the prime of his mentality, with 
experience gathered during fifteen years of activity, and with a 
generous outlook on life, he stepped into what proved to be a 
good practice from the start. During the remainder of his life 
he steadily increased that practice, leading, in connection with it, 
a life of intense activity in business and politics. An able lawyer, 
he was associated in most of the celebrated cases of his section 
between 1897 and 1912. He served as County Attorney of Moore 
County and, after Lee County was organized, occupied the same 
position in the new County. 

In the business life of the town his activities were limited 
only by his physical endurance. He stood a tower of strength in 
favor of every movement for the up-building of the community, 
both in a moral and material way, and was a steadfast opponent 
of every form of vice. The local paper in speaking of him after 
his death said that the graded schools of Sanford, the water- 
works, street improvements, and many like public interests stand 
as monuments to his memory, and to those who were associated 
with him in this work. He easily became the foremost citizen of 
his town. He was a leader in the movement that resulted in the 
formation of the new County of Lee, and contributed liberally 
of his means, his time and his ability. His associates fully ac- 
knowledged that a large part of the glory of the victory was his, 
and his friends rejoiced that he had lived to see the fruition of 
his hope. 

He was a true Scotchman. The Scotch blood dominates that 
section of North Carolina. The religious atmosphere was tinc- 
tured strongly with Scotch Presbyterianism. Those familiar 
with that form of religious faith know of its simplicity and its 
robust character. The men who grow up with that environment 
are, as a rule, forceful, aggressive, simple in habit and direct in 
action. These Scotch Presbyterians are a reticent folk when it 
comes to a display of their feelings. 

Duncan Mclver would have ranked anvwhere as an orator 

u 

of more than usual power. He possessed a commanding presence, 
was original in expression, widely informed, had great personal 
magnetism, and was one of the effective speakers of his day. On 
occasions where the subject for discussion was left to his discre- 
tion he almost invariably chose such matters as would tend to 
the up-building of character, inspire in the young a noble ambi- 
tion and spur them on to a proper performance of the grave 



DUNCAN EVANDER MC IVER 309 

duties of life. He evidently believed in the responsibility of 
parents, as is evidenced by one of his sentences, which sank deep 
in the minds of his hearers, and which is as follows: "No one 
has the right to take from Almighty God the unformed elements 
of greatness, to call into being a living soul, and leave it without 
the opportunity of training and development." 

His faith was of the unquestioning sort. An elder in the 
Presbyterian Church, a teacher in the Bible class, he was a pro- 
found believer in the truths of Christianitv, and his constant 

/ / 

aim was to contribute to a forward movement of humanity to the 
extent of his opportunity. The old hymn sung at his funeral: 

"How firm a foundation, 

Ye Saints of the Lord, 
Is laid for your faith, 
In His excellent word." 

expresses briefly the type of that militant Christianity which 
Duncan Mclver so well represented. He believed in that foun- 
dation and built on it. 

He was married on January 25, 1893, to Kate Scott, daughter 
of Major John W. Scott, and of his marriage there are five sons 
and two daughters, Wesley, Duncan, Julian, Winslow, Margery, 
James and Jean. In the prime of life, attacked by disease, he 
went to Kochester, Minnesota, to have an operation performed 
by the celebrated Mayo Brothers, and though at first the opera- 
tion appeared successful, a turn for the worse came and he died 
in Kochester on September 5, 1913, being in his fifty-third year. 
The account in the local paper, which gave the greater part of 
its issue to a record of his life and an account of the funeral, 
illustrates very forcibly the esteem in which he was held by the 
people among whom his life had been spent. Perhaps the most 
affecting incident connected with that sad hour was the resolu- 
tions of respect passed by the pastors of all the colored churches, 
and the leading people of that race, which testified, not only to 
his high character, but to the great loss which had befallen them 
as a race by reason of his death. No stronger evidence of the 
justness of this man's character could have been given than those 
simply phrased resolutions of the humbler element of the com- 
munity. 

The Mclver family of the Carolinas has made a most honor- 
able record as to citizenship. While a great many of those who 
bear the name have been unassuming citizens, content to do their 
duty in the ordinary walks of life, a few have risen to great 
heights of public usefulness. Alexander Mclver did a great 
work in the educational line in North Carolina, filling many 
important positions in the schools and colleges of the State, 
and for four years was State superintendent of public instruction. 



310 ]>I.\VAN EVAXDER MC IYER 

Charles Duncan McTver, a first cousin of Duncan E. Mclvcr 
and one oi' his contemporaries, was one of the most eminent edu- 
cators the State lias ever produced, and the vast work done by 
him in the interest of education has made his memory a precious 
one to the people of North Carolina. Over the line in Sou 
Carolina Henry Mclver, of another branch of the family, was 
one of the strong men of that State, serving it in many capacities 
and rising to the position of chief justice. 

One of the leading papers of the State in an editorial written 
at that time used as its concluding paragraph the following 
words : 

"North Carolina has need of men of the type of Duncan Mc- 
lver. He stood ever for the right, his voice raised against the 
wrong. He served his town and County and State well and these 
will miss him sorely. And to those who had the honor of his 

j 

friendship his death comes as a personal loss. He was a man 
among men and North Carolina is a poorer State because he has 
been called to the beyond.' 



JOHN WINSLOW SCOTT 

IN speaking of Scotland and the Scottish clans one always 
thinks of the Highlands, overlooking the fact that the South 
of Scotland had a few great families which, while not con- 
forming to the clan governments as the Highlanders did, yet 
were in effect clans. The greatest of these, in point of numbers, 
were the Scotts. Then came the Kennedys, the Johnstons, the 
Elliotts and one or two others less known. The Scots and Ken- 
nedys were the two great lowland clans, the Scotts centrally 
located and the Kennedys on the southwest coast. For centuries 
the headship of the Kennedy family has been held by the Earls 
of Cassilis, whose later title is Marquesa of Ailsa. The head of 
the Scotts is the present premier nobleman of Scotland, the Duke 
of Buccleuch. This great Scotch family sent numerous offshoots 
to America in the early days, and these offshoots have developed 
into many families which have furnished a great number of 

t> <-? 

men to our public service as well as a much larger number to the 
ranks of good citizens, who do not aspire to high place or position. 
The Virginia family has been specially notable and the Carolin- 
ians have been hardly less so than the Virginians. 

The late Major John Winslow Scott, of Sanford, was from 
every standpoint a splendid illustration of this sturdy stock. 
Possessed of a superb physique, with good health until the very 
close of his long life, of strong intellect, abstemious habits and 
scrupulous integrity, no man was more highly esteemed and no 
man contributed more effectively to the upbuilding of the section 
in which he lived. He was born in Wake County on December 
14, 1823, and died on the train while returning home from a health 
resort in 1907, being then in his eighty-fourth year. 

He was educated at the Lovejoy Academy in Raleigh, and 
one of the best schools in the State, and at the time of his death 
the only one of his schoolmates living was the venerable Doctor 
Kemp P. Battle, of Chapel Hill. Major Scott literally outlived 
his generation. He elected to enter upon a business career, which 
he followed in Raleigh, Fayetteville and Baltimore for some 
years, and then located at Haywood, in Chatham County. His 
great business ability combined with industry and prudent econ- 
omy brought him a large measure of success in his chosen field. 

While living at Haywood, on March 24, 1858, he married 
Kate McLean, who survived him with four of their ten children. 
The four surviving children were Mrs. T. M. Cross, Mrs. D. E. 

[313] 



314 JOHN WIXSLOW SCOTT 

Mclver, S. Vance Scott, of Scotland, and Doctor Charles L. Scott, 
of Greensboro. Twenty-rive years before his death he moved to 
Moore County, and for the last fifteen years of his life was a resi- 
dent of Sanford. He did more for Sanford than any other one 
man. He found a little besotted village of three hundred peo- 
ple, and left it a flourishing town of between three and four 
thousand. He was the first man to invest money in manufactur- 
ing interests at that place, and from the first investment he 
was always ready to take hold of anything that had behind it 
sound business principles and offered any advantage to the 
town. 

He never lost touch with Raleigh, in which city he had first 
engaged in business, and up to the day of his death served as a 
director of the Commercial and Farmers Bank of that city. He 
was one of the early Prohibitionists of North Carolina, and put 
into that fight the same qualities which he carried into his busi- 
ness. A few weeks before his death, in talking with a reporter of 
the Charlotte "News and Observer," to which he had been a life- 
time subscriber, he made a statement about Sanford that tells in 
a few words so plainly the good effects of doing away with the 
liquor traffic that it is here reproduced verbatim. Major Scott 
said: 

"When I came to Sanford, I found that a large part of the 
people here then were drinking people. Whiskey had the place, 
and had it bad, so I began to work for temperance and prohibi- 
tion, as I believe in prohibition, practically never having tasted 
liquor. 

"By continually keeping at it the town of Sanford was 
finally made a dry town, for in 1894 prohibition went into effect 
here. I went before the Legislature in 1893 and it finally passed 
an act which shut whiskey out of Sanford, and then it began to 
grow. Not alone was Sanford made a dry town, but the act 
provided that for three miles from the crossing of the Seaboard 
Air Line and Southern Railroad tracks there should be no sale 
of whiskey. This territory was obtained for prohibition because 
of the school interests and in the fight for it I was backed up by 
the patrons of the school and we won. It was a victory worth 
winning, for I believe that with whiskey being sold in it, Sanford 
was crippled, without it that Sanford would wake up and make 
progress. 

"And what I believed has proved to be the truth. When 
there was whiskey-selling going on, Sanford had bars and no 
manufactures. Now we have nianv manufactures and no bar- 

/ 

rooms. Shutting out whiskey gave Sanford an increase of popu- 
lation, for in twenty-three years with whiskey being sold there 
were only 300 people here. From 1894 to 1900 over 700 people 



JOHN WINSLOW SCOTT 315 

had come and in 1900 our population was 1,045. Since that time 
we have jumped ahead and we have now from 3,500 to 4,000. " 

Keen business man as he was, he did not subordinate the 
moral to the material, and everything that was contributory to 
the moral upbuilding of the State commanded his active support. 
At his funeral the Kev. N. D. Me Neil made a concise statement, 
which in very few words describes most fitly his life as a church- 
man. Mr. Me Neil said : 

"Though he was a man of more than ordinary wealth and 
influence, he was modest, unassuming, humble, carrying to a ripe 
old age the manners and graces of the old-time gentleman. He 
disliked idleness, wastefulness and intemperance, but encouraged, 
helped and believed in those who tried. Above all and better than 
all, he was an humble follower of the Lord Jesus Christ. Nearly 

f 

fifty years ago he became a member of the Haywood Presbyterian 
Church. He was an honored, exemplary and efficient elder in 
Haywood, White Hill and Sanford churches, as his lot was cast 
among them. He was a charter member of this church and our 
senior elder and clerk of the session. He was faithful to his work 
even unto death. Truly a great man has fallen in Israel. He 
was the last of his generation." 

In the July preceding his death, Major Scott was asked to 
give a word of advice to young men starting in life. His reply 
was: 

"Don't spend all you make, but lay up something, no matter 
how small the beginning. That is the whole secret of the thing. 
No matter what may be your occupation, don't spend all your 
income, but save, if it is only a few cents a month. When you 
accumulate then invest at interest. Be prudent in all things and 
above all, be temperate. That is the best route to success of which 
I know." 

It is apparent from this advice that Major Scott was a 
strong believer in the virtues of economy, prudence and temper- 
ance. Having practiced these virtues for a life which extended 
over more than four-fifths of a century, he had learned their 
value. He was one of the old school of business men, who did not 
believe in get-rich-quick policies. He knew by his own experi- 
ence, and by his acute observation, that the business edifice not 
based upon the sound foundation of integrity and economy could 
not endure. Some day the American people as a whole will learn 
this lesson, but it is going to be learned only at great cost. 

Major Scott was a man of profound convictions. In politics 
he was a Democrat of the straitest sect. In fraternal circles he 
was a Mason, and in religion a Presbyterian. He abhorred waste, 
and took great pleasure in seeing his neighbors practice economy, 
but when it came to cases of need and to the support of beneficial 
organizations he was always ready to make liberal response. He 



316 JOHN WIN SLOW SCOTT 

was a Democrat in more than the party sense, in habit and in life, 
and was himself unassuming, accessible, long suffering and 
patient with the shortcomings of people around him. 

In newspaper notices of his death some things were cited 
that are worth remembering. Notwithstanding the strength of 
his convictions, we are told that he was tolerant of those who 
differed with him. That is a very strong quality. One of the 
papers speaking of him said that he left an example well worthy 
of emulation. Another paper in concluding a press article upon 
his record said : "Eighty-four years is a long time to live, but at 
every point and in every circumstance of life Major John W. 
Scott played the part of a man and walked worthily." Can more 
than that be said of any man? For the last few years of his life 
he was not in active business, but he retained the same keen inter- 
est in the community life, in State and in general affairs which 
had characterized him through life. His opinions on all matters 
of a public character were always clear-cut and pronounced, for 
being a man of no concealments he was always outspoken. The 
esteem in which he was held in the community in w T hich he lived 
was evidenced at his funeral. He died on the train while return- 
ing home from a short stay at White Sulphur Springs, and when 
the train reached Sanford several hundred people had assembled 
at the station to pay their respects and assist in any way that 
might be possible. When the funeral services w^ere held on Sun- 
day afternoon, in the Presbyterian Church, hundreds attended, 
and the church could not begin to hold the people who desired to 
be present. He was the oldest citizen of the town in years, its 
largest property owner, and he had so conducted himself that 
when in the ripeness of years he was called away the community 
felt indeed that a leader had fallen. 




OHN C. CORRIHER 



FANNIE E. CORRIHER 

NO regiment in the Confederate army saw harder service 
or acquitted itself more gallantly than the 57th North 
Carolina Infantry, in which Philip William Carpenter, 
of Lincoln County, distinguished himself during the 
Civil War, serving respectively as Second Lieutenant, First Lieu- 
tenant and then Captain of Company "G." Captain Carpenter's 
daughter, Mrs. Fannie E. Corriher of China Grove, North Caro- 
lina, and her family, take a just pride in her father's record, and, 
emulating his example, she has, in her own sphere, been devoted 
to the welfare of her native State. 

Captain Carpenter was in temporary command of the regi- 
ment for a time at Petersburg, Virginia, in February 1865, while 
awaiting the arrival of Colonel Hamilton Jones. Colonel Jones 
in speaking of Captain Carpenter, said: "He was a most gallant 
and efficient officer who had borne a part in nearly every struggle 
in which the regiment had been engaged." During the conflict 
between the Union and the Confederate forces, on the morning 
of March 25, 1865, when the boys in gray stormed and captured 
Fort Steadman, Captain Carpenter was a conspicuous figure. 
Inspired by their victory, the Confederates, at daybreak, made an 
attack on some heavily armed Union earthworks nearby. Colonel 
Jones of the 57th was wounded and command of the regiment 
devolved upon Captain Carpenter. Orders were finally given to 
retreat, and "in spite of the murderous crossfire to which they 
were subjected," the young commander brought his regiment off 
the field in good order. 

When the war was over and families were once more united, 
little Fannie and her sisters never tired of the stories told by her 
soldier father as she sat upon his knee, and learned again to know 
and love him. For this little maiden was born in Lincoln County, 
January 15, 1860, when the clouds of war were darkening, and 
her early childhood was shadowed by the fearful four years' 
struggle. They were not alone tales of the brave deeds of his 
comrades in arms and recitals of his own adventures that she 
heard from her father's lips ; there were also stories of the brave 
pioneers who had left the Fatherland and settled in Pennsyl- 
vania and North Carolina, for Captain Carpenter belonged to 
the German branch of the Carpenter family. They are descended 
from the Zimmermans, dwellers in the Palatinate in the seven- 
teenth century. 

[319] 



320 FAXN'IE E. CORRIIIEIi 

The Germans have been conspicuous as a great emigrating 
race since the authentic history of man began. Wherever they 

\-> c 

have gone they have taken with them habits of thrift and indus- 
try and sincere religious conviction. Those who emigrated to 
America in the early years of its history, put a strength into the 
foundations of its national life, that their contemporaries were 
glad to recognize, and their descendants to honor. Governor 
Thomas of Pennsylvania said of them, "I believe it may with 
truth be said that the present flourishing condition of it (Penn- 
sylvania) is in a great measure owing to the industry of these 
people ; it is not altogether the goodness of the soil but the num- 
ber and industry of the people that make a flourishing country." 

The ancestors of Mrs. Corriher and her father are numbered 
with these builders of Pennsylvania. Among the first settlers of 
Germantown was Philip Christian Zimmerman in 1683 ; Heinrich, 
Emanuel, and Gabriel Zimmerman were in Lancaster County, in 
1710; and Hans, Christian, and Bastian, youths under sixteen 
years of age, arrived at the "Port of Philadelphia" in the ship 
"Pink Plaisance" in 1732. 

For some years after their arrival, their unobstrusive char- 
acter, their devotion to agriculture, and the difference in their 
language, kept those early emigrants somewhat aloof from their 
neighbors. Later on, however, as they mastered the tongue of 
their new country, their intelligence won recognition from those 
concerned in the affairs of the State and they became more prom- 
inent. With the gaining of a new language, the old family names 
were often translated into English form, and thus many of the 
Zinimermans became Carpenters. York County, Pennsylvania, 
was the home of the ancestor of Philip Carpenter. In the census 
of 1790, in Newberry Township, are the names, Jacob, John, Sam- 
uel, and William Carpenter, heads of families. In Warwick 
Township, Lancaster County, John Yonnt lived, the probable 
ancestor of Mrs. Corriher's mother, Camilla Yount. 

Enticed by the milder climate, and natural beauties of North 
Carolina, many of these settlers later located in that State. It 
is said that between 1785 and 1800 there were no less than fifteen 
thousand Germans in North Carolina who had gone there from 
Pennsylvania. Among these were some of the York County Car- 
penters who had moved into Lincoln County, North Carolina, 
where they made their permanent home, as did- also the Younts. 

Both sides of Mrs. Corriher's family have always been con- 
nected with the Lutheran Church, w T hile her husband's family 
are members of the Dutch Keformed. In the early days these two 
Churches were closely associated (there being no essential con- 
flict in their creeds), their congregations often worshiping in the 
same building. 



FANNIE E. CORRIHER 321 

The Carpenters are mentioned as among the prominent mem- 
bers of Matthews Church, six miles northeast of Lincolnton, 
organized in 1837 by Kev. J. G. Fritchey. They were people of 
means, as is attested by an old account which reads, "Due to the 
liberality of the Carpenters (once Zimmerman s) a new church 
has been established at Maiden, a thriving village on the Narrow 
Gauge Railroad between Newton and Lincolnton." 

Reverend William Carpenter, born near Madison Court 
House, Virginia May 20, 1762, was a prominent Lutheran clergy- 
man. At the close of the Revolutionary War, throughout which 
he saw hard service as a soldier, Mr. Carpenter was licensed at 
the age of twenty-five, by the Ministerium of Pennsylvania, and 
became at once the pastor of Hebron Church in Culpeper County, 
in which charge he remained for twenty-six years. In 1813 he 
moved to Boone County, Kentucky, where he labored for twenty 
years more, until his death in 1833. 

The many years of political and religious struggle in the 
Palatinate had implanted a great longing for peace in the hearts 
of these pioneer Germans and they had little desire to enter the 
conflict between America and England in 1776. Love for their 
new home country, however, overcame their disinclination, and 
their names, and those of their sons, are found in large numbers 
on the rosters of Pennsylvania and North Carolina Revolutionary 
forces. Reverend Nicholas Kurtz, pastor of Christ Lutheran 
Church, in York County, Pennsylvania, preached impassioned 
sermons in the German tongue, on patriotism and loyalty to the 
struggling colonies. Among his hearers was young Jacob Car- 
penter, who, at the close of the war, was admitted to the bar in 
1792. 

Research in the old Lincoln County newspapers shows that 
the Carpenters and Younts were well-known families, owning 
goodly farms and a considerable number of slaves. There is rec- 
ord of the marriage of Mr. Samuel Carpenter to Miss Elizabeth 
Carpenter on March 23, 1841, by John F. Leonhardt, Esq., and of 
the death of John Carpenter, a "good citizen" on July 18, 1846. 
David Carpenter, "an aged and respectable citizen" died on Feb- 
ruary 28, 1849, leaving a large circle of relatives." 

John Yount, the maternal grandfather of Mrs. Corriher, 
was the second member of the committee of ten, appointed at a 
meeting of the citizens of Lincoln and Caldwell, on the 18th of 
September, 1841, at Springville. The duty of this committee was 
to draw r up resolutions to be presented to the State Legislature 
at its next session, petitioning that a new county, to be called 
Catawba, be constructed out of portions of Lincoln and Caldwell 
Counties. This division was made in 1842, and after that date 
some members of the Carpenter and Yount families became, by 



FAXXIE E. GORKI II KK 

the location of their homes, residents of Catawlw County. John 
Yount was one of the most ])rominent of these citizens of the 
new conntv, being one of the largest land owners and the master 
of many slaves. John Yoimt was a politician as well as a busi- 
ness man. He was a member of the State Legislature and of the 
State Senate. He engaged in various lines of business and died 
in the prime of life. 

In 1849 Jonathan Carpenter was a member of the school 
committee from the third district of Catawba County, Michael 
Carpenter from the fourth district and Jacob Carpenter from the 
nineteenth district. In speaking of her family's politics, Mrs. 
Corriher says : "Our people have been members of the Democratic 
party as far back as I know, and my husband's people also." 
The early records show Daniel, Jonas, and Michael Carpenter to 
have been members of a Democratic committee in Lincoln County 
in June 1847, while Michael Christopher and Jonas Carpenter 
were among the Lincoln County delegates to the Democratic Dis- 
trict Convention, in April 1848. 

This was the period when the United States was at war with 
Mexico, and North Carolina sent many brave volunteers to the 
front. After peace was declared, great was the rejoicing, that the 
hand of Mars, laid so heavily on the colonies since their begin- 
ning, had relaxed its hold for a time. Little did the mothers 
dream as they led their small boys by the hand, that these, their 
sons, ere they had attained their majority, would be fighting their 
brothers from the North, in the bitterest of conflicts, a civil war. 
So, all unconscious, feeling that permanent peace had come at 
last, mothers, fathers, sons, brothers, sisters and lovers moved 
happily in the midst of the varied festivities. So high did enthu- 
siasm run that one public barbecue was held at Shady Grove 
School House, October 7, 1848, in honor of "all surviving Revolu- 
tionary veterans, soldiers of 1812, and particularly all the brave 
Americans just returned from Mexico." Citizens of Lincoln, Gas- 
ton, Catawba and Cleveland Counties joined in this celebration, 
over two thousand being present, and Jonas Carpenter was one 
of the committee of three who issued the invitations. Among the 
returned Mexican volunteers, was Jacob Carpenter, while Wil- 
liam, Christopher, and Nicholas Carpenter received honor for 
their services in the War of 1812. 

Lincoln and Catawba Counties gave a heavy toll of their sons 
to the Civil War and many Carpenters and Younts are found 
numbered in a recent publication entitled "The Catawba Soldier 
of the Civil War." Lieutenant Joshua Yount, Company "F," 
Thirty-eighth regiment, served the entire four years of the war. 
His company was known as the "Catawba Wild Cats." About 
1870 Keverend Adolphus Yount and Reverend J. M. Smith taught 



FANNIE E. CORRIHER 323 

school "in a little dwelling still to be seen on the Oxford Ford 
road, near Poplar Springs, close by the Conover." This school 
was the foundation and inspiration of "Concordia College" 
erected in 1877 under the Tennessee Synod of the Lutheran 
Church. M. H. Yount, formerly a member of the North Carolina 
State Legislature, and Dr. Eugene Yount of Statesville, grand- 
sons of John Yount, are graduates of this college. J. P. Yount of 
Newton, North Carolina, and Horace Yount of Statesville, North 
Carolina, are also members of this family. 

Mrs. Corriher's husband, John C. Corriher, was descended 
from the Corriher family of Rowan County, members of the old 
Savitz Church. This church built of logs some time prior to 1802, 
(at which time an ordination was held within its walls) was a 
union Lutheran and Reformed, and was located ten miles south 
of Salisbury near China Grove Station. In 1845, its membership, 
having outgrown it, the old log church was abandoned, and two 
new edifices were erected, of brick, one for each congregation. 
Some years later the Reformed Church built, what was at that 
time, the finest country house of worship in western North Caro- 
lina. The Corrihers were among the leading members of this 
parish. Just when the name took its present form is not known. 
John C. Corriher attended North Carolina College at Mt. Pleas- 
ant, and Catawba College at Newton. In 1874 he settled in China 
Grove, Rowan County, and went into partnership with I. F. Pat- 
terson, the firm being known as Patterson and Corriher, Mer- 
chants. On April 30, 1884, he married Fannie E. Carpenter of 
Lincoln County. In 1893 Mr. Corriher and his partner estab- 
lished "The Patterson Cotton Mills/ 7 but the founders had little 
time to enjoy the fruits of their labors as both died soon after- 
wards. He was a member of the Reformed Church, serving as 
one of its oiScers almost continuously from the time he joined the 
church. He was the son of Daniel Corriher and Cinthia Sechler, 
the latter also of Rowan County. John C. was ever ready to help 
the poor and needy and lend a helping hand to the worthy young 
men of his acquaintance. He was the means of starting many 
such young men on a successful business career. Another son of 
this couple, Doctor C. W. Corriher was one of the organizers of 
the Linn Mill Company at Landis, and was the first Secretary 
and Treasurer of the mill. Both he and Mrs. Corriher's husband 
were men of education and energy, devout Christians, and both 
died in the prime of life. Mr. Corriher died in 1895, aged forty- 
five years. 

Mrs. Corriher has one daughter, Zelia Clare and one son, 
Everet, who is now living in Mooresville, North Carolina. Zelia 
taught for a time at Mt. Amonica Seminary, and Elizabeth Col- 
lege, North Carolina, of which latter institution she is a graduate. 



KANXIK i:. CMKIMHKK 

She was married in May 11HL\ to Pocin;- II. < ). K,i\va;.X ;i suc- 
essful physician. 

Mrs. Gorriher is an enei-.m'iic \\m-lccr in the Lutlicran Church, 
an<] a valuable member of her con.urcpilion. She belongs to the 
Unite- 1 Daughters of Confederacy, and is treasurer for that body 
in her hmne toxvn. A woman <>!' intelligence and ability, she is 
highly respected in her community and among her friends. De- 
votedly attached to her people, she finds her greatest delight and 
pride in speaking of her father, her husband, her children and her 
State. 



ELDAD CICERO CAMP 

WHEN the full Mstory is written of the Tennessee and 
Southeastern Kentucky coalfields and the waterways of 
East Tennessee, if justice is rendered, no man in the 
State will receive greater credit for their development 
than will Honorable E. C. Camp of Knoxville. From the day that 
this able and enterprising gentleman arrived in Knoxville in 
1865 he has taken a personal and vital interest in everything 
pertaining to the growth, welfare and progress of city and sec- 
tion. Major Camp has been president of operated coal mines in 
the South since 1868. He was the organizer and first president 
of the Coal Creek Company when it was incorporated in 1887, 
and now that this Company has expanded and has in operation 
at "Coal Creek," two mines, "Fraterville" and "Thistle" he is 
still its controlling head. This fact alone speaks volumes for his 
sound judgment in dealing with large problems. He is also Presi- 
dent and principal owner of the Virginia-Tennessee Coal Com- 
pany with mines at Raven, Virginia, and of the Knoxville Acety- 
lene Company, the latter engaged in the manufacture of gas 
generators. Thus his finger is ever on the fluctuating pulse of 
business as it throbs in the Southern trade. Major Camp is, how- 
ever, primarily and fundamentally a lawyer. He began the 
practice of law a few years prior to the organization of these 
important business enterprises and was a well-known attorney 
of Knoxville long before he became one of Tennessee's leading 
coal operators. While he came into Knoxville under rather aus- 
picious circumstances, in General Thomas' private car and some- 
what as the protege of Colonel Cooper, he followed up his oppor- 
tunities practically alone, depending mainly upon his own efforts. 

During fifteen years of his boyhood he worked on his father's 
farm in Ohio while engaged in study in the public schools of the 
county. His mentality naturally led him to adopt the profession 
of teacher, which he followed in Kentucky and Missouri, until 
there came the call to arms in 1861. He resigned his professor- 
ship to join the Union Army, and laying down books and birch, 
substituting therefor gun and knapsack, he entered a new and 
more exacting school of which he was by no means the master. 
Six of his ten brothers also volunteered and enlisted in the service 
of the Federal Government. 

His second campaign was as a member of the One Hundred 
and Forty-second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, which 

[327] 



328 ELDAD CICERO CAMP 

served one hundred days. In June of 'sixty-four this command 
rendered gallant service guarding a supply train through the 
wilderness to General Grant's front, near Cold Harbor. He was 
mustered out with his regiment with the rank of Sergeant-Major. 
While traveling back to his native Buckeve State, from the 

* ' */ / 

war with his regiment, a most remarkable incident occurred. 
He met with an accident and was unconscious so long that he 
was believed to be dead. His parents were notified of his sup- 
posed demise and every arrangement made for his funeral. An 
obituary notice which a newspaper man at that time prepared 
for publication is, however, still unprinted. 

The Major's father, Deacon Eldad Cicero Camp lived to the 
patriarchal age of ninety-one, and, although he himself is some- 
what advanced in years and has probably led a more strenuous 
life than did his father, he promises to also become a nonogena- 
rian and thereby keep up the reputation of the family for longev- 
ity. The accident referred to happened while he was returning 
home from participation in the grand review of troops at Wash- 
ington with a Kegiment of Ohio Volunteers following discharge 
from his second period of service. After having breakfasted at 
York, twenty-seven miles from Harrisburg, the train being 
crowded, some of the soldiers climbed on top of the cars. Young 
Camp remembering a low "covered" bridge near York, Pennsyl- 
vania, with the danger of which he was acquainted, went up to 
warn his comrades. The train approached the bridge just as he 
reached the top, and before he could shout a warning to his com- 
panions in the rear, he w^as himself struck and thrown violently 
to the ground. The train was stopped and his supposedly lifeless 
body sorrowfully carried by his companions on to Harrisburg, 
where for several hours he remained apparently dead. His thrill- 
ing and almost miraculous experience is worthy of a place in this 
brief resume of his early career, if only to support a certain pious 
theory since entertained by many, that he was spared for the 
accomplishment of future good in his adopted city; for in every- 
thing which might benefit the community, Major Camp has shown 
deep interest and great activity. Not only has he endeavored to 
improve Knoxville from a business and sanitary standpoint, (he 
is President of the Marble City Improvement Company) but he 
has also fought hard for higher morals. 

He is a prominent member of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Knoxville and a liberal contributor to various chari- 
ties. When it was proposed to build a Florence Crittendon Home 
in Knoxville it was Major Camp who gave the lot on Woodbine 
Avenue where this noble philanthropy is now housed; he also 
gave largely toward the construction cost of the building. At 
his own expense he maintains a shelter for unfortunate women 
on Jackson Avenue, known as the Camp Home. The doors of this 



ELDAD CICERO CAMP 329 

house are at all times open to those against whom the world at 
large has barred entrance, and efforts are made to obtain employ- 
ment for those who seek its protection and reform. When the 
Young Men's Christian Association began a twenty-thousand 
dollar campaign for a new building, Major Camp sent a check for 
the first one thousand dollars donated, and also personally 
assisted in raising the remainder. 

Since 1888, Major Camp has been a director of the Third 
National Bank of Knoxville and is an active factor in the Board 
of Commerce, being one of the earliest members of that body, 
and now one of its oldest, in point of service. He is deeply inter- 
ested in the question of Tennessee River Improvements leading 
to better shipping facilities and lower freight rates. His face has 
always been a familiar one at meetings of the National Kivers 
and Harbors Association held at Washington, and a convention 
in Tennessee to consider river improvements might be said to 
lack a quorum if he were absent. Through his efforts the South- 
ern Railway was influenced to extend branch lines out of Knox- 
ville into the coalfields, and he has lived to see its lines touch 
every important point in the section. The construction of the 
Louisville and Nashville system from Cincinnati to Atlanta by 
way of Knoxville, through the coal and mineral fields and the 
rich agricultural section between Ohio and Georgia, has also been 
a source of gratification to him. 

As an attorney Major Camp met with almost immediate 
success. His practice soon extended into the Counties of Sevier, 
Campbell, Jefferson, Cooke, Grainger and Claiborne, which 
afforded him a wide acquaintance in the State. On entering poli- 
tics he aligned himself with the Republican party. His first 
recognition as a possible officeholder came when his name was 
suggested for Attorney-General pro tern, during the incapacity 
by illness of General D. E. Young. This added to his growing 
political prestige, and he was appointed by President Grant, 
United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Tennessee. 
This important national office was filled by him with distinction 
during the four years from 1869 to 1873. The honor came 
entirely without solicitation. The first intimation of it that he 
received was the arrival of a telegram from ex- Attorney-General 
Horace Maynard (then Congressman-at-large) inquiring his full 
name that it might be engrossed on the certificate of appointment. 
This was the first time that his full name became generally known 
to the people of Tennessee, he having heretofore been popularly 
known by his initials "E. C.," and the brevet title of Major in 
recognition of his recent military service. 

He was not the first to bear the name of Eldad Cicero Camp. 
It was also the name of his father, whose noble example of indus- 
try and right living he has ever held in affectionate remembrance. 



330 ELDAD riCEKO CA^IT 

Major Camp is the fifth Eldad in his family and the third Cicero. 
He was born in Knox County, Ohio, on the first day of Augu- 
1839. and it is somewhat of a coincidence that the County which 

j ^j 

he selected for his home in Tennessee after the Civil War bears 
the same appellation as the Ohio County in which he first saw the 
light. As a boy in Milfordton, he attended the district schools, 
afterward supplementing his education at Chesterville and 
Martinsburg in Ohio. Later, from 1856 to 1861, he taught school 
at Richmond, Kentucky, and Platte City, Missouri. During the 
four years of his professorship he kept himself occupied out of 
class hours in diligent study of the law. A name lustrous with 
accomplishment is the reward of this early diligence. 

He is fond of good literature and, like Franklin, has some- 
thing of a penchant for maxims and proverbs, possessing a most 
interesting collection arranged alphabetically in a large scrap- 
book. Among these are several concerning temperance and wine. 
Major Camp is a member of the Temperance Society and Vice- 
President of the local Audubon Society. As President of the 
Ohio State Society he demonstrates his loyalty to his native 
State. 

Major Camp's residence on Broadway is surrounded by 
extensive grounds, is the equivalent in area of a splendid country 
home, yet it is well within the corporate limits of Knoxville. 
Many varieties of costly wood and marble were used in its con- 
struction and many of its furnishings were purchased in foreign 
capitals, among them rare tapestries and draperies brought from 
the Paris Exposition. Tennessee marble predominates throughout, 
and among several handsome fireplaces, one built at the some- 
what unusual cost of five thousand dollars has been particularly 
admired by visitors to his luxurious home. Before settling in 
Knoxville Major Camp was married at Southbury, Connecticut, 
on New Year's Day, 1868, to Miss Nettie Dunn. The following 
year he was admitted to the bar of the United States Supreme 
Court. About this time his son, Edgar W., was born. George M., 
another son, who married Miss Nancy Young, is the father of the 
Major's only grandchildren, Louis Allen Camp and Elsie Char- 
lotte Camp. George M. has for several years been associated 
with his father in the management of the Virginia-Tennessee Coal 
Company, Incorporated, holding the office of Secretary and 
Treasurer. He is also superintendent of mines in the Coal Creek 
Company. 

Major Camp's father was for seventy-three years an elder 
and deacon in the Presbyterian Church. He died May 5, 1896, 
lacking but nine years of his natal centenary. He, Eldad Cicero 
Camp, Senior, and wife, Minerva Mallory Hintnan, were the 
parents of ten sons and three daughters. Two of the daughters 
died in childhood; the third became the wife of Doctor E. Swee- 



ELDAD CICERO CAMP 331 

ney and died the second year of the war. Of the sons, Stanley, 
born January 19, 1843, died unmarried. Frederick, died April 
20, 1883; Hanson, died December 20, 1903; Edgar, died June 16, 
1864; John Mallory, .James H., William Moses, Curtis H., Henry 
N., and Eldad Cicero are still living. 

Of his paternal lineage, whose later lines have not been in- 
cluded in the comprehensive Camp genealogy, Major Camp draws 
his ancestral chart as follows (the earlier dates derived from 
Milford, Connecticut, town records) : Eldad Cicero Camp, born 
August 1, 1839, was son of Eldad Cicero, born November 6, 1804, 
who was son of Abraham, born July 31, 1770 ; son of Moses, born 
August 26, 1747; son of Abraham, born April 16, 1720; son of 
.John, born February 13, 1686 ; son of Edward, born July 8, 1650 ; 
son of Edward, the emigrant, who was son of William of Nazing, 
and London. 

Nicholas Camp, Senior, was a man of wealth and distinction 
in the Connecticut Colony. He came to America in 1629, along 
with John Camp, Senior ; Nicholas Camp, Junior ; Edward Camp ; 
Samuel Camp; Eichard Camp and William Camp, all coming 
with Sir Kichard SalstonstalPs party. He settled first at Water- 
town, Massachusetts, but later removing to New Milford, Con- 
necticut, of which town he was one of the founders. His son, 
Nicholas Avas one of the searchers commissioned in 1661 to seek 
for the regicides, Whalley and Goff. The English home of Nich- 
olas, Senior, was in the same parish of Nazing, or Nasing, in 
Essex, whence came the missionary, Eliot. The Nazing records 
show that the Camp or Campe family was not only a large, but 
an influential one, of the sturdy yeomanry of Essex, and large 
landowners. The name of Kernpe or Carnpe is derived from a 
Saxon or British word used to denote a combatant champion or 
man-at-arms, and is still retained in the Norfolk dialect, in which 
a football match is known as "camping" or "keniping." One 
authority holds that the name was originally given to an indi- 
vidual or family living near the Kornan Camp. Nasang or Naz- 
ing was one of the estates (embracing an area of four square 
miles) granted by Harold to his college of Waltham. The arms 
of this family, which appear on an Essex tomb are described as 
"Argent, a chevron engrailed, gules, between three stars azure." 
The tomb, which has recently been restored, represents the re- 
cumbent forms of Judge Kempe, who died in 1609, and his wife, 
Eleanor, surrounded by the kneeling figures of fourteen children. 

In the Puritan era the names of William, Edward and 
Nicholas Camp appear as tenants of the manor at Nasing. Ed- 
ward was supposedly the only son of William. 

Edward and Mary Camp had the following issue: Edward, 
born July 8, 1650; Mary, born April 21, 1652; Sarah, born No- 
vember 25, 1655. Edward, Junior, married Mehitable Smith on 



332 ELDAD CICERO CAMP 

January 15, 1673; their children were: John, born February 13, 
1CS6; Samuel and Sarah. 

John, Senior, Nicholas, and his son, Nicholas, were born in 
England, the latter two years before sailing. William, Edward, 
Samuel and Kichard appear at about the same period with 
Nicholas in the Connecticut Colony. Edward is found in New 
Haven and Milford records of 1643. 

Twelve of the Camp appellation graduated at old Yale 
College. 

Eldad Cicero Camp, Senior, father of Major Camp, was born 
November 6, 1804, at Lexington or Mount Morris, New York. 
He removed to Knox County, Ohio, in 1835, and settled at Mil- 
fordton. The Major's grandfather, Abraham or Abram, born 
July 31, 1770, was a member of the first town board of Lexington 
and justice of the peace in 1813. Lexington, located on Schoharie 
Creek in Greene County, is now a Catskill mountain resort. As 
late as 1875 it had twenty-two log houses. It was organized out 
of Old Windham on the twenty-fifth of January 1813; the new 
town w r as then called New Goshen, in honor of the Connecticut 
town of that name, from which many of its early settlers came. 
At the opening of the nineteenth century there w r ere two house- 
holders in Windham, later Lexington, of the name of Samuel 
Camp, probably cousins. The family of one consisted of a wife 
and two daughters; of the other, a wife and two sons. In 1810 
Isaac and his wife, with a family of six sons and four daughters, 
were the only householders of the name in Windham. In 1820 
another appeared, Doctor Hervey Camp. The latter's family 
included two daughters and a son ; he was a partner of, and later 
succeeded to the practice of old Doctor Benham, the first physi- 
cian in the town, of whom many quaint stories are told. 

Squire Abraham was the son of Moses Camp, born August 
26, 1747, who was son of Abraham, born April 16, 1720, son of 
John, born February 13, 1686, son of Edward, Junior, born 1650. 

Moses Camp (or Van Camp as recorded in the census of 
Ontario County, New York, for 1800) at that date had one son 
living with him, born between 1790 and 1800. Moses was then 
living in Jerusalem township, in the Mount Morris locality. 

One Abraham Camp of Windsor, New York, enlisted April 
3, 1776, in Captain Samuel Van Vechten's fated company, Colonel 
Cornelius Wynkoop's battalion, from which twenty-four of his 
comrades deserted and six died. Abraham also died in the 
service. 

Abraham, born April 10, 1720, w r as a Captain in the Revolu- 
tionary War. Major Camp is consequently a rightful Son of the 
American Revolution. Abraham's son, Eldad, born October 4, 
1754, w r as also a soldier of that war and died in 1775. Moses 
Camp's fourth son w r as named Eldad, born May 22, 1776 ; another 



ELDAD CICERO CAMP 333 

son was called Edward Cicero and these names have been con- 
tinued in the family. 

Among the wills of Ulster County is mention of land granted 
to Jan Kamp and company at or near Shawangunk. Possibly he 
could be identified with Abraham's father, John Camp, who was 
born 1686. 

The Camp homestead in Morris, Litchfield County, Connect- 
icut, has been in the family nearly one hundred and seventy-five 
years. Five or six generations are represented by graves in the 
Morris cemetery. Many of the name are buried at Milford, Nor- 
folk, Durham, Middlefield and Winsted. David Nathan Camp 
of New Britain is the oldest living member of the Connecticut 
family; he was born there on October 13, 1820, and is conse- 
quently in his ninety-seventh year. Some years ago D. N. Camp 
and his cousin, Doctor Ellsworth of New York, visited England 
and examined the records at Nasing and Waltham. Mr. Camp 
therefore has the distinction of being the genealogist of his fam- 
ily, tracing his line through eight preceding generations to John 
of Nazing, thus: Albert B. ; Keverend Joseph Eleazer; David; 
Eleazer; Samuel; Nicholas; Nicholas; John. Wallace H. Camp, 
of Waterbury, has given considerable study to the ramifications 
of his own line, and his cousins, A. K. and Holman H. Camp, 
bankers, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, have published a handsome 
monograph in which particular attention is given to the Nazing 
origin. W. H. Camp is also in the ninth generation of descent 
from John of Nazing; his forebears were: Eleazer, born 1791; 
Nathan, 1763 ; Ozias Eleazer, 1729 ; Nathan, 1688 ; Samuel, 1654-5 ; 
Nicholas, 1627; Nicholas, 1606; John Camp, Senior, of Essex. 

The maternal ancestry of Major Camp goes back to the Hin- 
mans, of whom Secretary of State, Royal R. Hinman (1785- 
1868) of Connecticut (in the fifth generation from the emigrant) 
was the historian. Among the early Puritan settlers of Connecti- 
cut Sergeant Edward Hinman, who married Hannah Stiles of 
Windsor, prior to his emigration to the new world had been a 
member of the bodyguard of King Charles the First. He was one 
of the founders of Southbury, where his descendants settled, but 
Sergeant Edward lived and died at Stratford. Some of the 
family went from Connecticut to the Empire State, and a village 
of Oswego County is called Hinmansville. 

Several of his descendants acquired enviable distinction. 
His great-grandson Elisha w r as one of the first naval Captains 
appointed by Congress. He succeeded John Paul Jones in com- 
mand of the "Alfred." When in 1794 the navy was reorganized 
and President Adams offered him the first command of the 
frigate "Constitution," having already attained threescore years 
he felt constrained to decline the honorable post. The commis- 
sion was accepted by an officer only three years his junior, who, a 



KLI>AI> nn:i;o CAMP 

decade later, was at the head of the I'nited States navy. Captain 
Elisha was a daring privateersman during the Revolution, taking 
pri/es oi' stupendous value, two of which he carried into France 
and sold for the benefit of the American colonies. 

There were more Revolutionary officers in Connecticut of 
the name of Hinman than of any other surname. Southbury 
alone furnished thirteen, including Colonel Benjamin who com- 
manded the American forces at Ticonderoga. 

Many of the Hinmans have been me:t of fine intellect. Of 
an earlier generation Honorable Royal R. was lawyer, statesman, 
and author of note. Joel rose to the chief justiceship of Con- 
necticut's Superior Court. Clark T. founded Northwestern Uni- 
versity, and established co-education at Wesleyan Seminary dur- 
ing his administration there. Of the present generation George 
Wheeler Hinman, educator and journalist of distinction, early 
identified with the New York Sun and fifteen years editor of 
the Chicago Inter-Ocean, also claims Mount Morris, New York, 
as his native town. Mr. Hinman's serious study of civil govern- 
ment, political economy and international law, supplementing 
a thorough scholastic education at the Universities of Leipzig, 
Berlin and Heidelberg, has rendered him perhaps the best in- 
formed person on matters pertaining to national and interna- 
tional politics, outside the corps of diplomatists. He is now 
President of Marietta College. 

Of the sons of Sergeant Edward, only Captain Titus, Benja- 
min and Edward, Junior, left descendants. From its frequent 
occurrence it would appear that "plain John" was a popular 
name in the Hinman family as early as the second generation 
from the emigrant. Major Camp's great-grandfather, John Hin- 
mau, was born February 5, 1748 ; his son, John Burrows Hinman, 
born November 7, 1780, was the father of Minerva Mallory Hin- 
man. She was born July 21, 1805, and married Eldad Cicero 
Camp, Senior, at Mount Morris, New York. She w^as the honored 
mother of ten sons and three daughters. Branches of her paternal 
family are located in three States : Rochester, New York ; Mon- 
roeton, Pennsylvania, and Stratford, Connecticut. 



ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KENAN 

THE daughter of Christopher Dudley Hill and Emily Caro- 
line Howard was born January 23, 1853, in Duplin 
County, North Carolina. There is no heritage of blood 
in America or Europe richer in its strains than that 
which flows in the veins of Mrs. Annie Elizabeth Hill Kenan of 
Wilmington, North Carolina. 

In her uprearing and education her parents employed the 
best teachers and the best private schools that the country 
afforded, supplemented by a finishing course at St. Mary's School, 
Kaleigh, North Carolina. She married, December 29, 1870, at 
Oakland, Duplin County, Captain James Graham Kenan of Ken- 
ansville, who after the war between the States, retired to private 
life upon his plantation. 

Mrs. Kenan is a typical Southern lady ; unassuming, gracious, 
and whatever may be her pride of blood, she fails to reflect it in 
her intercourse with those with whom she associates. In other 
words, she is a true lady. 

As of right, Mrs. Kenan is a member of the Colonial Dames, 
and is President of the Cape Fear Chapter of the United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy (1915). She belongs to St. James Epis- 
copal Church in Wilmington. 

Mrs. Kenan, the subject of this sketch, is a descendant 
through paternal and maternal lines, of the ancient and distin- 
guished families of Dudley, Hill and Howard, and by marriage 
is connected with the Grahams and Kenans. 

It is stated that the family of Howard, or Hereward, was in 
existence in the reign of King Edgar (957-973) ; that one Here- 
ward was a kinsman of Duke Olsac. who was banished bv William 

/ tv 

the Conqueror, and that his son, Leofric, was the father of Here- 
ward who was banished but subsequently allowed to return. 
Hereward's grandson and his wife Wilburga, in the reign of 
Henry II, granted a caracate of land in Torrington to the Church 
of Lynn. 

Sir William Howard (1570-1573), second son of the Duke 
of Norfolk, was Lord High Admiral of England. He was popu- 
lar with Henry VIII, and was sent on missions to Scotland and 
France. In 1541 charges were preferred against him for abetting 
Catherine Howard, and was convicted of treason but pardoned. 
In 1552 he was Governor of Calais, and in 1553, Lord High Ad- 
miral. In 1554 he was created first Baron Hovrard of Effingham 

[ 337] 



338 ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KENAN 

for his defense of London on Sir Thomas Wyatt's Kebellion 
against Queen Mary. He befriended Queen Elizabeth, and his 
popularity in the navy saved him from Queen Mary's resentment. 
Under Queen Elizabeth he held important posts. His son, the 
second Baron, was created Earl of Effingham, and from a younger 
son the later Earls of Effingham have descended. The Barony 
was elevated in 1731 in favor of Francis Howard (1683-1743), 
but became extinct on the death of Richard, the fourth holder, 
in 1816. It was however, revived in 1837 in favor of Kenneth 
Alexander (1767-1845), another of Sir William Howard's de- 
scendants who had succeeded to the Barony of Howard of Effing- 
ham in 1816. The Barony was granted March 11, 1554; the Earl- 
dom was granted in 1837. 

Arms: Gules, on a bend between six cross-crosslets fitchee, 
argent, an escutcheon of the field, charged with a demi-lion 
rampant pierced through the mouth with an arrow within a 
double tressure, flory, counter-flory. 

Crest : On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, a lion statant- 
guardant, his tail extended, or, gorged with a ducal coronet, 
argent. 

Supporters : Two lions, and on the shoulder of each a mullet 
for difference. 

Motto : "Virtus mille Scuta," Virtue is worth one thousand 
shields. 

Among the members of the Virginia Company of London 
were Philip, Earl of Arundel (a Howard), as was also Thomas, 
Duke of Norfolk, Lord Theophilus Howard, Sir George Haiward 
and James Haiward. 

Sir Henry Howard, the Admiral, and Henry Howard, the 
Duke of Norfolk, were very nearly related. 

Matthew Howard, according to the original lists of persons 
of quality who came to America prior to the Revolution, was 
living in 1824 at James City. Edward and Cornelius Lloyd were 
his close neighbors, evidently connected by marriage or by blood. 
In 1645, Richard Hall died in lower Norfolk County, leaving 
Matthew the elder, executor of his will in which he devised per- 
sonal property to Ann, Elizabeth, John, Samuel, Matthew and 
Cornelius, children of Matthew, Sr. No doubt Cornelius was 
named for Colonel Cornelius Lloyd. It was supposed that there 
were other sons of Matthew; some born in the old country who 
emigrated with him, of whom, perhaps, Mr. William Howard, 
who in 1660 was added to the Board of Commissioners for 
Glouster County, is one. John Howard, who died in 1661, is one 
of the sons of Matthew mentioned in the will of Richard Hall. 
Matthew's wife was Anne; her family name not known. 

The name of one Philip Howard of Ac-comae, is mentioned 
in 1665. There were, so says Alexander Brown in his "First 



ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KENAN 339 

Republic," three Howards who came to the colony in the early 
days whose personal name was John; viz.: Master John, Rev. 
John and Sir John Howard, Knight. 

There is no data yet found concerning Matthew and his son 
Cornelius until in 1661 the latter is in evidence as an Ensign 
and as a member of the General Assembly of the State of Mary- 
land. This Cornelius, claimed as the great-grandfather of Colo- 
nel John Eager Howard of Maryland, and his brother, John "of 
York" as he was called, is the ancestor of the branch of the 
Howards now under consideration. 

The difficulty of tracing a line through the Colonial period 
is greatly enhanced by the facts that the records were carelessly 
made; that of those, many were subsequently destroyed by fire, 
and that the craving for the old fireside often calls men, as they 
advance in age, to the place of their birth. This recalls to mind, 
that in those days, before a legal right to leave Virginia could be 
acquired, a permit to do so must be obtained. A Clerk's Certifi- 
cate from the Surrey County Records reads thus : "I do herebye 
certifye that Michael Howard has sett up his name and resolution 
of going for England this p'sent shipping, according to law, at 
Lawne's Creek P'rish Church, March 1st, 1685-6. 

JOHN HARRIS,, Rec'd." 

It is said that the names Howard and Heyward were iden- 
tical in Virginia. The Register of the Parish, comprising Charles 
City, Hampton, York and Denbigh, gives the spelling under two 
heads in the index, but the entries seem to have been made indis- 
criminately; members of the same family being entered under 
either name. This Register contains births and deaths but no 
marriages, and includes the period between 1648 and 1789, except 
from 1772 until 1779, during which time no records were kept. 
In some cases, names have been filled in from memoiy. A Mss. 
copy of the original is in the Library of Congress, prepared by 
Miss Marcou. 

Colonel Francis Howard, born 1700, is said to have been the 
first to establish an uniform spelling of the name. 

Francis, Lord Howard of Effingham, was appointed Governor 
of Virginia, April 15, 1684, in which year the acts were signed 
by him as Governor, and by Colonel Edward Hill as Speaker of 
the House of Burgesses. In November, 1686, Lord Howard wrote 
a letter to the people of Northumberland County deprecating 
"the extraordinary proceedings" of the House of Burgesses, and 
"Alsoe how His Majesty hath approved the measures I then took 
to moderate them." He signs the letter "Your affectionate 
ffriend, ffrancis, Lord Howard of Effingham." 

The petition of Robert Berkeley begging leniency was ad- 
dressed: "To His Excellency ffrancis, Lord Howard, Baron of 



:I40 ANNIE KU/AP.KTII HILL KLXAN 



His Majesty's Lieutenant and (Jovernor General of 
Virginia and to tlir honorable Council of State." 

Lord Howard was not in the Court after April --. KisT, and 
then Nathaniel Baron was President, but. Lord Howard did not 
leave tlie country, for lie signed patents until October 20, 1(>8S. 
In this year there is mention again of the same or another Wil- 
liam Howard in connection with his lands in Amherst and Albe- 
niarle Counties. 

Returning to Captain John of York, son of John, son of 
Matthew, we tiud him settled in KJ.'IS in York County, and his 
wife's name was Margaret. There were a number of children, 
of whom were Henry, born 1651, and who died 1711, and William, 



Henry married first Diana - , secondly, Elizabeth 

t/ / */ / 

Mays or May. Their children were: John, born 1692, died, 1770; 
Francis, born 1696, and others. Francis married Frances Cal- 
thorpe, and is the ancestor of Mary Howard Bruce, Over-ton 
Howard, ???????? 
John, son of Henry, married Anne - , and Thomas, their 
son, born in 1742, was the father of Henry Baylis Howard, whose 
daughter, Emily Caroline Howard, married Christopher Dudley 
Hill, whose daughter Anne Elizabeth Hill married Captain James 

Graham Kenan. 

HILL 

The original name of this family was Hull. In the time of 
Edward II (1307-1327), "Hugh Hull alias Hill or Hull and 
Wloukestoue in Shropshire, Esq," married Eleanor, daughter of 
Hugh Wloukestone, Esq. His grandson, Humphrey Hill, was of 
the time of Henry VI (1422-1461). 

The most distinguished scion of this House is Sir Rowland 
Hill, born at the family mansion in Hawkestone during the reign 
of Henry VII (1485-1509). He was bred to trade and was free 
of the City of London, and became one of the most opulent of 
merchants, although it has not been found to which of the liveried 
companies he was attached. He was Lord Mayor of London in 
the time of Edward VI (1549-1550). His munificence and private 
charities are said to have been boundless. He clothed annually 
three hundred poor people ; gave, among other charities, two hun- 
dreds pounds sterling to St. Bartholomew's Hospital (an immense 
gift in those days). He was descended from Ralph, the second 
son of Sir Humphrey. Sir Rowland Hill, Baronet, erected a 
pillar to his memory at Hawkestone Park in 1795 

Rowland Hill of Hawkestone, a man of great wisdom, piety 
and charity, suffered greatly from the rebels during the reign of 
Charles I, when he went to the relief of his father who was kept 
prisoner in his castle near Hawkestone. Sir Rowland Hill, July 
27, 1769, laid the cornerstone of the bridge at Alsham. The build- 



ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KENAN 341 

ing of bridges seems to have been a favorite way of bestowing 
public charity. Alban Hill, a "Doctor of Physics," was "famous 
in foreign parts. 77 He was known as "Medicus nobilissimus ac 
optirnus. 77 

Honorable Richard Hill was in the time of William III 
Envoy Extraordinary to the Court of Brussels, and in Queen 
Mary's, to the Court of Turin, and was the recipient of many high 
honors. He died unmarried, but obtained for his family the dig- 
nity of Baronet in the person of Rowland Hill of Hawkestone, 
High Sheriff of Shropshire in 1722. Sir Richard Hill was a 
Member of Parliament in 1795. 

There is little doubt that the Virginia branch of the Hills 
is descended from Sir Rowland Hill, who was "bred to trade. 77 
The Virginia Company of London was composed in great part, 
of the merchants of London, not onlv individuallv but bv com- 

/ 7 7 

panies, as may be seen in the list of Charter Members of 1620, 
and these were greatly interested in populating the colony; fre- 
quently sending their younger sons in care of the officials of the 
Virginia Company, that they might grow up with the new coun- 
try. This was the case, also, with the nobility, who in great 
numbers were "adventurers" that is, members of the Company 
formed to exploit the colony and convert the natives. An im- 
mense amount of money w r as invested in the enterprise; hence 
they were called "adventurers. 77 

Among the members of the Company under the third Charter 
in 1620, the name of Robert and Gresham Hill are to be found. 
George Hill, Gentleman, had made a visit to the Province in 1607, 
coming in the "Phoenix, 7 ' but whether he remained in Virginia 
the records fail to show. 

Colonel Edward Hill was a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses (1652-1653), and was one of the Counsellors named by the 
Governor and appointed by the House of Delegates, 1658. 

William Hill of Brunswick County, married first in 1781, 
Priscilla Embry, a widow; secondly, in 1796, Sarah Lanier. He 
died 1799, leaving sons ; Joseph, Isaac, Thomas and Joseph ; a 
daughter Priscilla, wife of Miles Williams, and his widow Sarah. 
His son-in-law, Miles Williams and Joseph Williams were ap- 
pointed executors. His estate for that period was considered 
large; there being f 15,000 in personal property and large landed 
holdings. His will was probated 1799. 

Joseph Hill was a member of the North Carolina Assembly 
in 1788. 

Thomas Hill, born 1760, died 1830. In 1781 he married 
Frances, daughter of Cuthbert and Elizabeth Smith, whose 
maiden name was Charnberlayne. She, Elizabeth Smith, first 
married Sampson Lanier and secondly, Cuthbert Smith. Thomas 
Hill resided in North Carolina, Duplin County, and left four sons 



342 ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KENAN 

and a large estate. His will was probably destroyed when Dup- 
lin County Court House was burned in 1835. Cuthbert Smith 
went to Brunswick County, Virginia, in 1743. His wife, Eliza- 
beth Chamberlayne, was of an old aristocratic English family, 
also among the Adventurers. Mrs. Kenan has portraits of 
Thomas Hill and his wife, Frances Smith, who were her great- 
grandparents. 

William Lanier, son of Thomas and grandson of William 
Hill of Brunswick County, Virginia, was born December 28, 1785, 
and died February 7, 1860, in Duplin County, North Carolina. 
In his will probated in I860 he provides for his wife Annie E. 
Dudley Hill, sons Christopher D., William E., and daughter Mar- 
garet D. Pierce ; also for William Lanier, son of Christopher Dud- 
ley Hill, and Edward John Hill, son of William Edw r ard Hill. 

William Lanier Hill married Anne Elizabeth Dudley of 
Onslow County, daughter of Colonel Christopher Dudley and 
sister of Edward Bishop Dudley. The inscription upon her tomb- 
stone at Faison, North Carolina, states that she was born May 
11, 1795, and that she died July 5, 1860. 

Christopher Dudley Hill and his wife Emily Caroline How- 
ard were the parents of Mrs. Anne Elizabeth Hill Kenan. 

Mrs. Anne Elizabeth Hill Kenan is the daughter of Chris- 
topher Dudley Hill and Emily Caroline Howard, and grand- 
daughter of Mrs. Anne Elizabeth Dudley Hill. 

DUDLEY 

The Dudleys in England trace their lineage to one Dudo, 
an Anglo-Saxon, who in A. D. 700 built Dudley Castle in Stafford- 
shire. The ruins of this old building are still visible. 

The Duke of Northumberland is descended from Sir John 
Sutton, fourth Lord Dudley, whose second son assumed the name 
of Dudley. This ancient family runs through all the years of 
England's history since the Conquest, and may be found on many 
of its pages where its renowned scions have added lustre galore 
to name and to country. 

The first mention of the Dudley name in America is in Cap- 
tain John Smith's History of Virginia, when Dudley, Lord North, 
visited the colony in 1607. Lord Percy, brother to the Earl of 
Northumberland was one of the charter members of the Virginia 
Company of London in 1620. Kobert Dudley, who settled in 
Middlesex, was the first of his name to take up his residence in 
Virginia. There are two branches of the family, descendants 
respectively of Richard Dudley and of James Dudley; but the 
lines do not seem to coincide with that of the ancestor of the 
family to which this sketch is dedicated. 

Christopher Dudley, son of Edward, born in 1763, was a resi- 
dent of Onslow County, North Carolina. In 1776 he was ap- 
pointed by the Provincial Congress at Halifax, a member of a 



ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KENAN 343 

Committee to manufacture arms and ammunition for the Revolu- 
tionary army. His rank was that of Colonel. He died in 1828. 
His only surviving son, Edward Bishop Dudley, was the first 
Governor elected by the people of North Carolina. His sister, 
Anne Elizabeth Dudley married William Lanier Hill of Duplin 
County, whose son, Christopher Dudley Hill married Emily Caro- 
line Howard, and were the parents of Anne Elizabeth Hill who 
married Captain James Graham Kenan. 

GRAHAM 

The mother of Captain Kenan, Sarah Rebecca Graham 
Kenan, was, as her name suggests, of Scotch origin. No name in 
Scotch history is of higher renown. The lineage of the clan 
extends back through the centuries to an antiquity of fabled 
story. Graeme, Grahme and Grame it has been written, and at 
last it settled down into its present form. 

The near ancestor of this branch was Sir Patrick Graham, 
son of Sir Patrick, Lord of Kincarden, by Eupheme, daughter of 
Sir John Stuart, Lord RaUstone, and brother of King Robert II. 

There is no doubt that the family is descended from the 
Graeme, who made the breach in the Roman wall in 420, and is 
said to have married a lady of the Royal house of Denmark, and 
who is claimed to be the progenitor of all the Grahams of Scot- 
land. The tradition of the breach of the Roman wall is very 
interesting. The wall is until this day known as Graeme's or 
Graham's Dyke. That was in the time of Fergus II. 

In 1146 William of Graham had lands in Abercorn and Mon- 
teith. His grandson David was granted (before 1214) lands near 
Montrose, by William the Lion. His son was one of the guaran- 
tees of a treaty with Henry III in 1244. His son, Sir David of 
Dundaff, had three sons by his wife, the daughter of the Earl of 
Strathern : Sir Patrick, Sir John and Sir David. Sir John, who 
was called the "Richt Hand" of Wallace, fell in the Battle of 
Falkirk in 1298, and died in the arms of his patron. Sir Patrick 
fell at Dunbar. His sword upon which when dying he had his 
son swear to fight for Scotland while he lived, is among the heir- 
looms of the Duke of Montrose. His grandson, Sir David in 1630 
is styled "of old Montrose." Sir Patrick Graham of Ellieston, 
was the ancestor of the Earls Monteith of Graham. His son, Sir 
William of Kincardine, obtained a charter containing an entail 
of old Montrose. His grandson Patrick was one of the Lords of 
the Regency after the murder of James I, and was created Lord 
Graham by James II in 1445. His grandson, created Earl of 
Montrose by James IV in 1504, fell at Flodden by the side of his 
King. "Sir John with the bright sword" is the ancestor of the 
Grahams of the Borders, and of the Grahams in Perthshire. The 
family has holdings in every shire in Scotland. 



344 ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KKXAN 

Sir .John (Iraeme. who fought with Wallace, the Marquis of 
Montrose and .John (Jraham of Claverhouse, are the most remark- 
able characters in Scotch history. 

Manraret Graham, the mother of the last Graham of Morphie, 
was a sister of Graham Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee. 

James Graham, father of General Joseph Graham, was of 
those whom we class as Scotch-Irish, though they are really purely 
Scotch, but have resided in Ireland for a longer or shorter 
period. The tradition in the family is that James was either 
.-rand son or great-grandson of Patrick Graham, kinsman and 
follower of the celebrated and ill-fated James Graham, fifth Earl 
and first Marquis of Montrose, who was made Lord Lieutenant 
of Ireland in 1644. Patrick commanded the Athol men, and when 
Montrose was rallying the Highlanders to the support of Charles 
I, he was the guest of his kinsman. After a brilliant campaign 
of a year in which he defeated the covenanters at Aberdeen, Inver- 
lochv, Aloud and Kilsyth, he was defeated bv David Leslie at 

* t/ / */ 

Philipsbraugh and expelled from Scotland. About 1649 Patrick 
passed over into Ireland. 

At the funeral in 1626 of the father of Montrose, the Graham 
clans were represented by Montrose, Claverhouse, Lintice, Inch- 
bra chie, Morphie, Orpell, and Bungalow. 

James Graham, mentioned above, was born in 1714, and came 
with the tide of Scotch-Irish emigrants in 1733. Michael Graham 
was a descendant of Montrose, and his grandson was President 
of Washington now Washington-Lee University. 

James and John Graham first settled in Berkshire County, 
Pennsylvania, afterward removing to "Calf-Pasture" in Virginia. 

The Grahams made a fine record in the Revolution. Richard 
Graham, Lieutenant of the Second North Carolina, June 8, 1776 ; 
Captain, 1778. Stephen Graham, Hospital Surgeon's Mate, 1780 
until 1782. William Graham, Surgeon's Mate, Second Virginia, 
1777. Walton Graham, Second Lieutenant in Thirteenth Vir- 
ginia, 1777. William Graham, Colonel of the North Carolina 
Militia from 1776 until 1781. 

Joseph Graham was Lieutenant and Captain of the North 
Carolina Rangers from September 1778 ; Major of the North Caro- 
lina Partisan Rangers, 1780; was wounded September 26, 1780. 

He died, 1836. 

JAMES GRAHAM KENAN 

Captain James Graham of Kenansville, North Carolina, 
was one of three brothers who served in the Forty-third Regiment 
of North Carolina Troops in the Confederate Army. Thomas S. 
Kenan was Colonel of the Regiment, James Graham Kenan, a 
Captain, and William Rand Kenan the Adjutant. 

The great-great-grandfather of Captain Kenan was Thomas 
Kenan, who settled in 1735 in that part of New Hanover County, 
later known as Duplin County, near Sarecta. His wife was Eliza- 



ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL KENAN 345 



beth Johnston of England and they had nine children. The oldest 
son, Joseph, born about 1740, "filled positions of honor and trust" 
under the Colonial government, and was elected Colonel of Militia 
at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. He was active in all 
the campaigns from February 27, 1776, throughout the war. In 
1780, the Board of War, in applying to him to secure supplies 
from Duplin County for the army, wrote to him: "From your 
known zeal and activity in the services of your country, your 
undertaking this service will be very agreeable to the Board." 
In 1785 he was elected Brigadier-General of North Carolina for 
Wilmington District. In 1790 he was elected a member of the 
Board of Trustees for the University of North Carolina, and 
served until 1799. He married Sallie Love; they had eight chil- 
dren. Thomas Kenan was the oldest, born in 1771. He served in 
the General Assembly and later in the Federal Congress. He 
married Mary Rand of Wake County; afterwards removing to 
Alabama, where he died in 1843. Their oldest son, Owen Rand 
Kenan, was frequently a member of the Assembly, and married 
Sarah Rebecca Graham. Their three sons are mentioned above. 
They had also a daughter, Annie Dixon Kenan. 

Captain James Graham Kenan's ancestry on both sides 
furnish a record of patriotism most remarkable. 

General James Kenan, the great-grandfather, died May 23, 
1810, in Duplin County, "a worthy and respectable citizen and 
aged patriot, who bore honorable station and useful part in the 
Revolutionary War." 

The children of Captain and Mrs. Kenan are: Owen Hill 
Kenan, Thomas S. Kenan, J. Graham Kenan, and Emily Howard 
Kenan. 

Doctor Owen Hill Kenan, a noted surgeon and son of Cap- 
tain James Graham and Annie Hill Kenan, lives in New York 
City, and is now, 1916, serving in the American Ambulance Corps 
in France. 

In recognition of his skill, courage and bravery, the French 
Government has recently rewarded him with the "Croix de 
Guerre," a distinction and honor in keeping with those of his 
ancestors. 

Thomas S. Kenan, a prominent business man of Atlanta, 
Georgia, married Annice Hawkins of Atlanta, Georgia. Their 
children are James Graham Kenan, Frank Hawkins Kenan and 
Sarah Cole Kenan. 

Graham Kenan, a leading attorney of Wilmington, North 
Carolina, and one of the trustees of the University of North 
Carolina, married Sarah Kenan, his cousin. 

Among the Makers of America there is no lineage teeming 
with more illustrious names and deeds than is that of the Kenan 
family. No doubt the keynote of the present and future genera- 
tions will be in harmony with their illustrious ancestors. 



WILLIAM SAMUEL CLARK 

MANY American families can trace, through at least one 
branch, to Revolutionary ancestry, but comparatively 
few can claim descent from one of those public-spirited 
men who risked everything for the good of the American 
colonies, and put on permanent record their denial of the right 
of British supremacy. These men were of the bravest type. As 
signers of the Declaration of Independence they would have met 
with scant courtesy at the hands of the King's soldiers, and their 
fate would have been sad indeed, had the colonists failed of 
success. 

William Samuel Clark of Tarboro, North Carolina, is a 
direct descendant of one of these men Abraham Clark of New 
Jersey. This distinguished patriot was born near Rahway, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1726. The son of a farmer, Thomas Clark, he was edu- 
cated to follow the same occupation but, being of a frail constitu- 
tion, he was not able to engage in very strenuous physical labor. 
He educated himself in mathematics and civil law, producing 
such results that he was accounted well equipped for his life 
work. In early life he was a surveyor and conveyancer. Though 
not a lawyer by profession he gave advice freely to those not able 
to pay for it and thus earned the title "Poor Man's Counsellor." 
He attempted to regulate the practice of law in the courts, and 
in so doing incurred the enmity of those favoring a careless sys- 
tem of legal procedure. 

He was High Sheriff of Essex County, Commissioner for sell- 
ing undivided lands, and Clerk of the Colonial Continental Con- 
gress. In consequence of his great activity in the cause of the 
people as a member of the Committee of Public Safety, he was 
elected June 21, 1776, to represent them at the meeting of dele- 
gates in Philadelphia. Here the Declaration of Independence 
was drawn up and signed on July 4, 1776. In November of that 
year he was sent to the Continental Congress and held his seat 
in that body almost continuously during the life of the old 
confederation. He was one of the delegates sent to frame the 
Federal Constitution in 1787, and was elected a member of the 
House of Representatives of the United States. 

He was married in 1749 to Sarah, daughter of Isaac Hatfield 
and sister of Elder Isaac Hatfield. She was first cousin of Mrs. 
Robert Ogden, the mother of General Matthias and Governor 
Aaron Ogden. Mrs. Clark was born in 1728. There were ten 

[346] 




> 






WILLIAM SAMUEL CLARK 349 

children from the marriage of Abraham Clark and Sarah Hat- 
field. 

Several of the sons of Abraham Clark were officers in the 
American army, but he refrained from using his influence for 
their benefit. On one occasion only did he depart from this rule. 
His son Thomas, a Captain of artillery, was captured and impris- 
oned in a dungeon with no food except what other prisoners 
passed to him through a keyhole. The Congress, on being in- 
formed of this, ordered retaliation on a British Captain with the 
result that Captain Clark received better treatment thereafter. 

Abraham Clark retired from public life in 1794, and in the 
fall of that year his death was caused by a sunstroke. He was 
buried in the Presbyterian churchyard at Kahway. "In private 
life he was reserved and contemplative. Limited in his circum- 
stances, moderate in his desires and uncovetous of wealth, he was 
far from being parsimonious in his private concerns, although 
a rigid economist in public affairs." 

James Sampson Clark, grandfather of William Samuel 
Clark of Tarboro, was the son or grandson of Abraham Clark. 
He went to Pitt County about 1790 and it is believed that he was 
born in Isle of Wight County, Virginia. As Abraham Clark's 
children were born in Kahway, James Sampson must have been 
his grandson, whose father perhaps emigrated to Virginia. So 
many of the records of North Carolina and Virginia were de- 
stroyed that the sources for information of early residents are 
meagre, and it is necessary at times to make reasonable deduc- 
tions as in this case. 

James Sampson Clark married Winifred Hardee. It is prob- 
able that she was a granddaughter of Colonel John Hardee of 
Pitt County, and that her mother was a daughter of Colonel 
Kobert Salter of the same county. Both Colonel Hardee and 
Colonel Salter were prominent before and during the Revolution. 

Samuel S. Clark was a son of James Sampson Clarke and the 
father of Mr. Clark of this sketch. He married Mary Watson 
who was the daughter of Jordan Watson of Martin County, North 
Carolina, who was born before the Kevolution. He was the son 
of Thomas Watson, who, it is thought, was a Revolutionary 
soldier from Martin County. It is of family tradition that Jordan 
Watson married Elizabeth Culpeper of Portsmouth, Virginia, 
who was born about the time of the Revolution, and whose mar- 
riage date is placed between 1790 and 1795, and about the same 
time as that of James Sampson Clark and Winifred Hardee. 

William Samuel Clark is the son of Samuel S. and Mary 
Watson Clark. He was born June 19, 1846, near Hamilton in 
Martin County, North Carolina, which joins Pitt and Edgecombe 
Counties at their boundaries. His rudimentary education was 
under the tutelage of the local school masters at Hamilton, and in 



350 WIU.IAM SAM TEL CLARK 

the Spring of 1801, he matriculated in Doctor Deeines' School at 
Wilson, North Carolina. Later he was a student at Tew's Mili- 
tary Academy in Hillsboro during ISU.'MII: and part of '65. 

In 1872 Mr. Clark, being at that time about twenty-six years 
of age, opened a general merchandising store at Tarboro. 
Although he has continued in this business up to the present, 
he has also found time to be of material service to his country. 
True to the Clark ideals he has done his part for the people of his 
community. Politically he is a Democrat, and was Chairman of 
the Commissioners of Edgecombe County* from 181)9 to 1907. 
Prior to this he had been chosen Mayor of Tarboro. He was also 
for about fifteen years Chairman of the Tarboro School Board 
from 1892. 

Mr. Clark is a member of the Tarboro Episcopal Church and 
a vestryman therein. Aside from his mercantile interests he is 
Director of the Jefferson Standard Life Insurance Company, 
with headquarters in Greensboro, North Carolina. He is a mem- 
ber of the Royal Arcanum, his only fraternity. A devoted student 
of history, much of his leisure time is spent in this line of reading. 

Mr. Clark married on June 28, 1876, Miss Lossie Grist, born 
in Washington, North Carolina, December 1853. She is a daugh- 
ter of John Williams and Fannie (Carraway) Grist. 

The founder of this line of Clarks was Richard, a shipwright 
who seems to have moved from the east end of Long Island to the 
infant settlement of Elizabethtown, New Jersey. The earliest 
definite reference to this is given in a deposition made March 22, 
1741, by his son Richard. The son stated he was at that time 
eighty years of age and "had heard" he was born at Southampton, 
Long Island. He remembered coming to Elizabeth at the age of 
sixteen or seventeen years of age wdth his father, his mother Eliza- 
beth, his sister Elizabeth and his brothers : John, Joshua, Eph- 
raim and Samuel. As near as can be reckoned this w r as in 1678, 
for in February of the following year, the elder Richard Clark 
obtained warrants for three hundred acres of land for his wife 
and sous, Richard and John, and his daughter Elizabeth. These 
were the only members of the family who w r ere of the legal age 
entitling them to land grants in the colony. 

A survey of the land, which was located near Rahway, is not 
on record and neither do the annals of Southampton residents of 
the earliest days contain the name of Richard Clark. He is 
know r n, however, to have lived at Southold in 1675. Two children, 
Thomas and Benjamin, w r ere born after the family was located 
in Elizabethtown. 

Richard Clark, Senior, was admitted as an associate of the 
town of Elizabeth in 1695. His will dated April 1, 1697, was 
made in New York w^here he probably died a day or two later, 
having gone there for business or pleasure and having become ill 



WILLIAM SAMUEL CLARK 351 

during his stay. It is with his son Thomas, a brother of Richard, 
who made the deposition, that this sketch is principally con- 
cerned, as he was the grandfather of Abraham Clark and the 
ancestor of William Samuel Clark. 

That portion of the family land given to Thomas lay near the 
old Wheatsheaf Tavern, midway between Elizabeth and Rah way. 
He had three sons: Thomas, born in 1701; Abraham, born in 
1703 and James, the date of whose birth is not given. There was 
also one daughter, Mrs. Day. Thomas 2 married at the age of 
twenty-four years and his only child was Abraham, who was 
born in 1726. In the first charter of Elizabethborough, Thomas 
Clark was named one of the Aldermen. One of these Clarks 
seems to have been appointed Keeper of the King's Arms, for, 
according to Abraham Clark, many muskets and cartouche boxes 
having the royal insignia on their covers remained in his grand- 
father's home until he was a large lad. 

The first settlers of Southold, Long Island, were Englishmen. 
According to some, these men came under the leadership of Rev- 
erend John Youngs, a Presbyterian minister from County Suf- 
folk, to settle Southold. It seems, however, more probable that 
they stopped first in New Haven, or perhaps met together only 
after reaching New England, and then decided to settle Southold. 
The name of Richard Clark does not appear among the original 
settlers, but he is listed as one of the first inhabitants of the town, 
which was founded in 1640. 

One early chronicler declares that the settlers of Southold 
were born and educated in England, and that after these first 
colonists went to Southold, others came directly from England 
to increase the number. This gives some truth to the theory that 
the colony was formed in England, yet the early sailing records 
give only the name of the minister and his family as sailing to- 
gether for New England. The Clarks were Presbyterians and 
came to Southold, but from what point in England and on what 
ship is not certain. If it was from County Suffolk, as seems rea- 
sonable to suppose, they may have been connected with the first 
ancestor of the eminent divine, John Clark, of Westhorpe, Eng- 
land. He was one of the first settlers of Rhode Island, and re- 
turned to England to obtain the charter for that colony. His first 
English ancestor is given as John Clark of Westhorpe, Suffolk 
County, who died in 1559 and was buried in England. Doctor 
Samuel Clark (1675-1729) of Norwich in County Suffolk, was 
another prominent member of this family and is regarded as one 
of the most interesting characters of early Suffolk. He was a 
learned minister who rose through his intellectual prowess and 
astounding knowledge of the classics to be Rector of St. James 
at Westminster, and was Chaplain to the Queen. His brother, 
Doctor John Clark was also prominent for his learning and was 



352 WILLIAM SAMUEL CLARK 

educated by his brother at Edinburgh University, making the 
ministry his life work. He died in 1759. 

Among the available lists of passengers embarking in 1634- 
35 for Barbados from England, several Kichard Clarks appear. 
As many of the Barbados emigrants came later to New England, 
it is possible that one of these was the Southold Richard. 

The name of Clark is of early origin, appearing as far back in 
English History as the eleventh century. The name Milo le Clerk 

c^ , / 

is found iu the "One Hundred Rolls" compiled in the reign of 
Edward I, which contained records of those holding lands, etc., 
in the time of William the Conqueror. Several Doomsday tenants 
are designated as "Clericus." This term pertained to ecclesias- 
tical teachers in early days in all Christian countries. A clerk 
was a man educated for the priesthood, and the term gradually 
assumed a broader meaning and was applied to all persons who 
were skilled in reading and writing, an art which was rare in the 
days before the printing press was invented. Comparatively few, 
even of the nobility, were able to read and write freely, and it 
was the duty of the monks to keep the lamp of learning alight, 
and to employ long hours of their time in transcribing laboriously 
by hand, old and valuable manuscripts, such as the Scriptures, 
that these might be preserved. 

The name Clark was, of course, originally Clerk, pronounced 
by the English with the sound of the broad a. Several of the 
lines of this family in England have the title of baronet. Espe- 
cially prominent is that branch represented in 1883 by Sir An- 
drew Clark. He w r as knighted for his services as physician to 
Queen Victoria, and wrote several medical treatises as a result 
of his unusual opportunities for research. A Clark was Lord 
Mayor of London, and Devonshire history relates that his people 
came to that part of England from Elgin on the North in 1500. 

Throughout the history of the family, however indefinite 
may be the kinship between the various lines, the characteristics 
of independence of thought, conservative ideals and a dislike for 
currying favor with those in power, are apparent. They are gen- 
erally careful to see that they are substantially comfortable in 
regard to finances, but rarely give all their energy to the sole 
purpose of accumulating riches. 

Many Clarks of our country have appeared in the foremost 
ranks as churchmen, authors, explorers, statesmen and scientists. 
General George Rogers Clark (1752-1818) was an American 
pioneer who figured prominently in the trouble with the Indians. 
He also fought under Baron Steuben against the British, and was 
commissioned Major-General in the French army to fight the 
Spanish on the Mississippi. 

General William Clark (1770-1838) was an American ex- 
plorer. He served in Indian campaigns, but is principally known 



WILLIAM SAMUEL CLARK 353 

for his connection with the famous Lewis and Clark expedition. 
After this expedition he was made Brigadier-General of Militia ; 
was Governor of the Territory of Missouri and Superintendent 
of Indian affairs. 

Alvan Graham Clark was an American astronomer of note. 
He was awarded the Lalande gold medal for 1862 by the French 
Imperial Academy of Sciences for his astronomical discoveries. 

The Keverend Francis Edward Clark, born 1851, was the 
founder of the well-known Young People's Society of Christian 
Endeavor. 

James Gilman Clark was the founder in 1887 of Clark Uni- 
versity in Worcester, Massachusetts. 

Who does not know of the Honorable Champ Clark, who in 
1911 was elected Speaker of the House of Kepresentatives ? 

Mention must be made here also of former Senator W. A. 
Clark of Montana, who was a noted capitalist, and also a patron 
of the fine arts. 

Much more could be written and many pages filled with the 
lives and deeds of prominent and representative men of this well- 
known family ; but in a brief sketch of this character, space does 
not permit. 

Mr. Clark's people have been for so long a time part of this 
great nation that he may be said to be an American of American 
ancestry. To be descended from one of the fathers of American 
liberty is no small privilege; but it is an honor fraught with re- 
sponsibility to preserve intact those excellent qualities and admir- 
able traits of character which have marked the distinguished fore- 
bear. Mr. Clark is a worthy representative of his illustrious 
family. 



HUGH BARTON LINDSAY 

HUGH BARTON LINDSAY, one of the ablest members of 
the bar of Eastern Tennessee, is the son of Cornelius S. 
Lindsay and his wife, Valentine (Bowling) Lindsay, and 
was born November 3, 1850, on his father's farm near 
Coal Creek, Campbell County, Tennessee. He is of Scotch descent, 
and his many fine traits of character are doubtless his heritage 
from a noble ancestry. 

The name Lindsay in the early centuries was de Liinesay, 
which is the old Norman form. In Scotland, for several genera- 
tions, the name was continued de Lindsay, but the article was 
finally dropped and the present form adopted. Lind, or Lime, is 
a derivation from the linden or lime tree, and perhaps was first 
assumed as a name, from the large number of trees of this variety 
on the estates owned by the family. The blossom of the linden is 
very fragrant and is used by perfumers in the manufacture of 
their products. Shields were made from the wood of this tree 
and, indeed, shields are sometimes called lindens. "The shields 
placed in the graves were the ordinary lindens, of which no part 
commonly remains but the metal-boss handle." There is a com- 
mune near Argetan in Normandy called Sai, or Say, which doubt- 
less has something to do with the derivation of the latter part 
of this name. Lindsay also signifies the Isle of Lime-trees 
(Lindes-eye, Limes-eye). 

There is a legend relating to the remote ancestry of the Lind- 
say family which traces origin from Ivan Jarl, or Independent 
Prince of the Uplanders of Norway, who was the representative 
of the Thorian race. The reputed descendant of Thor, the myth- 
ical ancestor, was Forneator, King of the North, who was the 
father of Eystein, surnamed Glumia or the Eloquent. Eystein 
was the father of Rognvald, surnamed the "Wise" and "Magnifi- 
cent," and of Malahulc, the remote progenitor of the family of 
Lindsay. 

The Lindsays are descended from the highest Norman family, 
being of the same line as Rollo, first Duke of Normandy. They 
also claim descent from the royal houses of Denmark, Gothland 
and Sweden. Rognvald, submitted to Harold Harfagre, the first 
King of Norway, and was by him appointed Jarl of More and 
Rumsdal on the western coast of Norway. He was the father of 

<^ 

Rollo, and great-great-great-great-grandfather of William the 
Conqueror. Malahulc, an early ancestor of the family, went with 

[354] 



HUGH BARTON LINDSAY 357 

Hollo to Normandy, and became the ancestor of the great house of 
de Toeny, the hereditary standard bearers of Normandy. Ran- 
dolf de Toeney, Malahulc's great-grandson, had two sons, Roger 
and Hugo. Roger rose in arms on the accession of William the 
Conqueror, and was slain. He was succeeded by his son Randolf, 
who accompanied the Conqueror to England in 1086, and became 
the ancestor of a long line of Barons, the last of whom died in 
the reign of Edward the second. An equally illustrious race 
descended from Roger's younger son, Robert. Hugo, the younger 
son of Randolf, and brother of Roger, settled on a manor a short 
distance from Rouen, and became the head of the family of de 
Limesay, or de Lindsay. He left two sons, who also accompanied 
the Conqueror to England, and continued the de Limesay succes- 
sion. One of these was Baldric de Limesay, the father of the 
northern branch of the family. The Lindsays originally settled 
in Pays de Caux near Pavilly, five leagues northwest of Rouen. 
They flourished there for many generations, but failed shortly 
after the middle of the thirteenth century. 

Randolf de Limesay, younger brother of Baldric, who came 
over with the Conqueror, obtained forty Lordships in different 
counties of England, including Woveiiey, Warwickshire, the 
birthplace of Shakespeare, and also of George Elliot, the author. 
Aleanora de Limesay, the great-granddaughter of Randolf, who 
was one of the richest co-heiresses in England, married her Scot- 
tish kinsman, Sir David de Lindsay, and carrying her estates to 
him, vested the two lines in one in 1199. The mother of Sir David 
was Princess Margaret, daughter of Henry, Prince of Scotland, 
who with her mother and brother, took refuge with the King of 
Scotland on the conquest of England by the Normans. Sir David 
de Lindsay of Crawford and Woverley, husband of Aleanora, left 
three sons, Gerald, William and Walter and a daughter, Alice. 
Gerald, the eldest son, succeeded to the vast estates, both in Eng- 
land and Scotland. He left no children and was succeeded in 
1241, by his brother William, who was succeeded by his brother 
Walter in 1249, and the inheritance passed from him to his sister 
Alice. She carried the estates to her husband, Sir Henry Pink- 
ney, of England, whose grandson claimed the Scottish throne at 
the competition in 1292, through her. 

Walter de Lindsay, younger son of Sir David de Lindsay, is 
the first of the name who appears in the charters in Scotland. 
He was a witness or juror in the celebrated "Inquisitio" or in- 
quest into the rights of the See of Glasgow within his territories 
in 1116, (by Prince David). Walter figures very often in his 
charities while Prince of Cumberland, but disappears after the 
death of Alexander the first. His name is replaced after a short 
time by that of William de Lindsay, his son. He was his father's 
successor both in possession and favor, as a magistrate of Scot- 



358 m<;n BARTON LINDSAY 

land and was also witness to the royal charters. These are the 
onlv authentic documents in existence of the history of early 

*/ / 

times in Scotland. After about fiye years William's name dis- 
appears, and those of his two sons Walter and William, take its 
place. The eldest son, Walter, left no children, but William 
carried on the line of succession. He resided in Koxburgshire 
on the banks of the Leader, Ercildum. The seals of these two lat- 
ter Barons, Walter and William, which are preserved in the 
chapter house of Durham Cathedral, give an idea of the char- 
acter of the young Norman noblemen. They are represented on 
horseback, riding gently along, with falcon on wrist, unhelmeted, 
and with their shields hung carelessly behind them, the only vari- 
ation being that Walter rides without bridle or stirrup, and the 
bird rests peacefully on his hand, while William is in the act of 
slipping it on his prey. They might be thought to represent the 
character more recently attributed in tradition and song to the 
''Lindsays, light and gay." Kunning through every family there 
are more or less distinctive traits, and the lightsomeuess and 
cheerfulness which have always been a characteristic of the Lind- 
say family gave rise to the above saying. 

William de Lindsay of Ercildum and Suffness, as he was 
sometimes called, grandson of William, figures as magistrate of 
Scotland, and witness to the charters of Malcolm the '"Maiden," 
and William the "Lion" from 1161 to 1200. WiUiam was suc- 
ceeded by his son, Sir David Lindsay of Suffness from 1233 to 
1249. He was the first Earl of Crawford. He left two sons, Alex- 
ander and William, the Chamberlain. Alexander had a son, 
David, who married Marjory Oglivie. Their son, W T alter, per- 
petuated the male line and was the progenitor of the houses of 
Edzell and Balcanes. Walter had two sons, David and Walter. 
David died in 1528. Walter feU at the battle of Flodden in 1513, 
leaving a widow and four sons. He is said to have been one of the 
most gallant who fought under the King's banner, and one of the 
faithful band, who, after the day was lost, formed themselves 
into a ring, and fought to the last in defense of their King. He 
was heir to his kinsman, Sir David Lindsay, eighth Earl of Craw- 
ford. His eldest son, David, therefore succeeded as ninth earl. His 
second son Alexander of Edzell was the father of the Keverend 
David Lindsay, the celebrated minister of Leith, Bishop of Koss, 
Chaplain, and at various times Envoy Extraordinary and Minis- 
ter Plenipotentiary for James the first of England. He left a son 
and a daughter. The son was Sir Jerome (or Heirorne) Lindsay 
of Annatland, who married, first, Margaret Coville, by whom he 
had a son, David, (afterwards Keverend David Lindsay) w r ho 
was baptized on the third of January, 1603, the year of the re- 
union of the crowns of England and Scotland, and who was the 
founder of the Lindsay family in America. Sir Jerome married 



HUGH BARTON LINDSAY 859 

the second time, Agnes Lindsay, a distant relative, a daughter of 
Sir David Lindsay of the "Mount," and the grandniece of Sir 
David Lindsay, the poet and Lion King at Arms. On this alli- 
ance with Agnes Lindsay, heiress of the "Mount," he became Sir 
Jerome (Hierome) Lindsay of the "Mount," and was afterwards 
appointed Lord King at Arms, being the fourth and last Lindsay 
to hold that office. 

It is probable that the earliest ancestor of the Lindsays in 
this country was the Keverend David Lindsay, son of Sir Jerome 
Lindsay and his first wife, Margaret Coville. He was twenty- 
two years old in 1625 and left Scotland between 1645 and 1655. 
The earliest evidence of his residence in Virginia is the following, 
found in an old book of court orders: "Judgement is granted 
Mr. David Lyndsay, minister, whereby he receives 50 pounds of 
tobacco from Edward Coles," Northumberland County Court, 
March 20, 1655. From this evidence, he must have been living 
for some time in the colony. The following items are also taken 
from old books of court orders of that time : "21 September, 1657, 
Mr. David Lindsay recovers of Thomas Lamkin 365 pounds of 
tobacco; October, 1657, Mr. David Lindsay, minister, being be- 
hind 700 pounds of tobacco of his last year's salary in Wicomico 
Parish, the court orders that the said sum of 700 pounds of to- 
bacco, be levied out of the said parish (from every titheable) by 
the sherf, etc." October 1662, Mr. David Lindsay was "relieved 
of a fine imposed for performing marriage between two servants 
contrairy to law," Northumberland County Court house. 

It may be interesting to mention, in this connection, a few 
things concerning the ministers in the colony. The salary of a 
minister, fixed by law, consisted of sixteen thousand pounds of 
tobacco per annum, that is, eighty pounds current money; a 
dwelling house and glebe; marriage fees; funeral sermons, etc. 
In some parishes there were donations of flocks of negroes. 

The death, in Scotland, in 1642, of Sir Jerome Lindsay, 
father of the clergyman, and the troubled state of his native coun- 
try, probably led this early ancestor of the American Lindsay 
family to seek a home in the new world. He inherited the estates 
of his father and by the Scottish law of knighthood, became Sir 
David Lindsay. 

Northumberland Countv was one of the best counties of Vir- 

/ 

ginia in the old days, and the hospitality, intelligence and cour- 
tesy among the old Virginia gentry are proverbial. The habits, 
pleasures and pastimes of the Colonists were, of course, those pre- 
vailing in the old country. Keverend David Lindsay lived and 
died in the place of his first settlement in Virginia, and was laid 
to rest on his plantation, the "Mount." His tombstone is still in 
existence, surmounted by the coats of arms of the family. The 
original tombstone was found outside of the graveyard, partly 



11TGH BARTON LINDSAY 

covered with earth, and is now to be seen in the Smithsonian In- 
stitute in Washington. On it is inscribed : "Here lyeth interred 
yi' bo-ly of that holy and reverend devine Mr. David Lindsay, late 
minister of Yecomico, born in the kingdom of Scotland, ye first 
and lawful son of ve K. Honorable Sir Hierome Lindsav Knt of 

c/ 

ye 'Mount,' Lord Lion King at Arms; who departed this life in 
the 64 year, ye 3rd, April, Anno Dom. 1667." There was another 
tombstone put up later, about 1701'. Nothing is known of his 
wife except that her name was Susanna, and that she was living 
two years previous to her husband's death. 

Robert Lindsay was the son of David and Susanna. There 
was also a daughter, Helen, who married Thomas Opie. 

Robert Lindsay had a son, Opie Lindsay, who, like his father, 
became a planter, which occupation he followed until his death in 
Northumberland County. 

Opie Lindsay married and had three sons : Robert, Thomas 
and John. Robert moved to Fairfax County some time previous 
to 1743. There seems to have been no cause for this move from 
Northumberland to Fairfax unless perhaps he saw a chance of 
securing richer and better land, as much of the lands of the lower 
Potomac had begun to deteriorate owing to excessive tobacco 
planting. Robert was a thorough gentleman, handsome and 
proud of his name. He built a home in Fairfax County and called 
it the "Mount," in honor of his father's home in Northumberland, 
which had received its name from the estate of Sir Jerome in 
Scotland. Here he lived to be nearly eighty years old. The 
planters' homes were usually built of clapboards, not over two 
stories, with the entrance in the center, though some few were of 
brick, and the slaves' quarters were small log cabins. 

Thomas and John, brothers of Robert and sons of Opie Lind- 
say were men of the same sterling qualities and fine appearance. 
They moved from Northumberland and settled in Longmarsh in 
1740, doubtless for the same reason which prompted Robert's 
move. They bought large tracts of land and became wealthy 
farmers of Shenandoah Valley, Virginia. Thomas married and 
had two sons, Thomas and John, and perhaps other children. 
Thomas married Mary Regan by whom he had seven children: 
Lewis, born and raised in Longmarsh, and later moved to Win- 
chester; Hugh, died unmarried; Alban, died unmarried; Abra- 
ham, died unmarried ; Mildred married Samuel Lauk ; Reuben ; 
Thomas, who moved to Kentucky. Reuben lived on the Rivania. 
near the mouth of the Limestone. His wife was Mary Goodman, 
by whom he had six children : Susan, wife of John G. Gray; Mary, 
married Albert Watkins; Ann, married Stephen F. Samson; 
James ; William ; Reuben, who became a physician. 

William Lindsay married and moved to East Tennessee about 
1825. He was the pioneer iron manufacturer of Campbell County, 



HUGH BARTON LINDSAY 361 

and built the first bloomerv for John Baker. He built others 

f 

afterwards, on Big Creek, Cave Creek, and Davis Creek, the daily 
capacity ranging from six hundred to nine hundred pounds of 
iron. He was a man of forceful and energetic character, and was 
greatly respected in the community in which he lived. His son 
Cornelius S. Lindsay married Valentine Bowling, daughter of 
Larkin Bowling, and became a successful farmer in Campbell 
County, Tennessee. They had five children, one of whom is Hugh 
Barton, Judge Lindsay. 

The name Bowling signifies, the "sons of the round hill," and 
is of Saxon origin. "Kobert Bowling, esquire, in the reign of 
Edward the fourth, possessed the elegant house of Bowling Hall 
near Bradford, in Yorkshire, England, w r here the family lived and 
flourished for many generations." One line of the family settled 
in Scotland, where the original way of spelling the name is re- 
tained, while in England the form Boiling is often used. Kobert 
Bowling (or Boiling) came to America early in the seventeenth 
century settling in Virginia, in which State many of his descend- 
ants still live. 

For more than thirty years a lawyer of Knoxville, Tennessee, 
Judge Lindsay has been one of the strongest representatives of 
the law in that city, and his professional career has been dis- 
tinctly honorable. The years of his boyhood were spent on his 
father's farm in Campbell County where he attended the common 
schools. He studied law while still continuing his education in 
other branches, and was thus eligible to admission to the Bar in 
1880, the same year in which he graduated from the Franklin 
Academy at Jackboro. He began his professional life in Knox- 
ville, and, owing to ambition and industry, soon became known 
as a rising young lawyer of ability. His advancement was rapid 
and he has occupied various offices of responsibility and distinc- 
tion. He is head of the firm of Lindsay, Young and Donaldson, 
formerly Lindsay, Y r oung and Smith, one of the best-known law 
firms of Knoxville. 

Judge Lindsay has served as Attorney-General in the six- 
teenth Judicial Circuit, was United States District Attorney for 
the eastern district of Tennessee and Chancellor of the Second 
Chancery Division of Tennessee. He is an active member of the 
Republican party, and in 1886 was elected to the Legislature of 
Tennessee. 

He is a director of the First National Bank of Kuoxville, 
and holds membership in The Cumberland, The Cherokee County 
and the Elkniount Clubs. 

On February 7, 1883, Judge Lindsay was married at Hunts- 
ville, Tennessee, to Miss Sarah Elizabeth Foster. She was born 
in Stanford, Kentucky, and is the daughter of Henry and Martha 
(White) Foster. Judge and Mrs. Lindsay have eight children: 



362 HUGH BARTON LINDSAY 

Maud, who married D. C. Webb; Lillian, who married Robert S. 
Young; Hugh Barton, Jr.; Robert M. ; William M. ; Charles E.; 
Kathern and John Oliver. 

Always proficient in whatever walk they have chosen, the 
Lindsays have also been proverbial for hospitality. The name 
stands well in the annals of the Revolutionary War, members of 
the family having been excellent soldiers. Colonel Reuben Lind- 
say, among others, was thanked personally by General Washing- 
ton for his zealous service to his country. 

Judge Lindsav is a member of the Christian Church. He 

o i* 

believes that the encouragement of education, industry and 
economy would tend greatly to promote the general good of the 
country, and that the nation should reach a point where intelli- 
gence and education would be a necessary qualification for suf- 
frage. 



JOSEPH ADDISON HOSKINS 

A MGNG the lists of tenants in the Domesday Book are found 
L& the names of Koger and Rogerus, and from the word 
JL jL "Hodge," a nickname for Roger, are derived the sur- 
names, Hodges, Hodgson, Hodgkyn, Hodgkyns, Hoskyns, 
and Hoskins. 

During the latter part of the fifteenth and the early part of 
the sixteenth centuries, the Hoskins family lived in Monmouth- 
shire, Wales, which became an English County in the time of 
Henry VIII. The record, written in Latin, as was usual at that 
time, mentions "Thomas Hoskins de Monmouth in Wallia," who 
married "Jana, filia Catchmead de com. Glouc.," and left issue. 

Sir Thomas Hoskins, of this Monmouth family, who was 
knighted at Windsor in 1605, owned the estate of Barrow Green, 
Surrey, which continued in the family for many generations. 
Another old manor of Surrey connected with the Hoskins family, 
was that of Carshalton Park, purchased by Sir Edmund Hoskins, 
sergeant-at-law, who was buried in Carshalton Church. In the 
fifteenth year of Charles I (1648-49), Sir Edmund represented 
the parish of Bledingly, Surrey, in Parliament. The church at 
Oxted has many monumental inscriptions in memory of various 
members of Hoskins families who have resided in that vicinity. 

The Manor of Oxted, for generations the home of many Hos- 
kins, is a very old one, being mentioned in Domesday Book 
under the name of Acstede. 

Hereford Castle, in Herefordshire, which was built soon after 
the Norman Conquest, was still standing in the reign of Henry I ; 
but in 1520 "the whole castell tended towards ruine." Charles I 
granted the ruinous property to Gilbert North, who sold it to 
Edward Pye, from whom it passed into the hands of Colonel 
Burch, who sold it to Bennett Hoskins, who has been referred to, 
by one authority, as "Sir John Bennett of Hoskins in Hereford- 
shire." His name is also written as "Sir Bennett Hoskyns," and 
he was first baronet of Harwood, in the County of Hereford, 
having been created baronet by Charles II, 1676. He represented 
County Hereford in Parliament, as did his successors for several 
generations. Seats: Harewood House and Morehampton Park. 
He was succeeded by his eldest son Sir John Hoskins, Baronet 
M. P., for County Hereford. It is to Bennett Hoskins that the 
Guilford branch of this family traces its lineage, and through 

[365] 



366 JOSEPH ADDISON HOSKIXS 

him to John Hoskins, Esquire, Member of Parliament for the 
City of Hereford. 

Besides prominent persons bearing the name of Hoskins, 
there were many related to this family, who rendered notable 
service. 

Among these were the two brothers, the great English Ad- 
mirals, Alexander and Samuel Hood, sons of Mary Hoskins, 
whose father was Richard Hoskins of Beaminster, County Dorset. 
Admiral Samuel Hood held command on the New England coast 
during the Revolutionary War ; De Grasse surrendered his sword 
to him. He was advanced to be Vice-Admiral of the Blue ; repre- 
sented the City of Westminster in Parliament; was created a 
peer of Great Britain; Viscount Hood of Whitely, County War- 
wick; died 1816. Alexander Hood was advanced to the rank of 
Vice-Admiral and Rear- Admiral of England. Promoted to Vice- 
Admiral of the Red, he was created a peer of Great Britain, title 
Baron Bridport; represented the Borough of Bridgewater in 
Parliament; died 1814. 

In the year 1688 John Hoskins, who with Mary, his wife, had 
come over with William Penn in 1682, from Cheshire, England, 
to make their home in America, bought a lot in Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania. They belonged to the Society of Friends, and John Hos- 
kins was one of the original purchasers of land under William 
Penn. His name appears in the list of settlers as the owner of a 
tract of two hundred fifty acres in Middletown, and his land war- 
rant was dated the ninth month, twenty-first day, 1683. He built 
a house on his lot in Chester and kept a tavern. Soon after his 
settlement he was elected a member of the Provincial Assembly, 
which sat in Philadelphia, March 12, 1683, over which Penn pre- 
sided. He was a member of the Council. His will was dated "11 
mo. 2, 1694-5," probated August 15, 1698, and registered in Phila- 
delphia. His name was frequently written Hodgkins in early 
records. His son John, Junior, married in 1698, Ruth Atkinson, 
and his daughter Hannah in the same year married Charles 
Whitaker. Martin's History of Chester, Pennsylvania, says that 
John Hoskins was a man of education, and that John, Junior, 
was a man of ability. John Hoskins, Junior, became sheriff of 
Chester County, in the year 1700, when not more than twenty- 
three vears old, which office he held for about fifteen vears. He 

^/ 

died August 26, 1716. They had issue : John, born December 24, 
1699 ; Stephen, born December 18, 1701-2 ; George, born August 8, 
1703, who died young; Joseph, born April 30, 1705; Mary, born 
August 1, 1707/ 

Stephen Hoskins married in 1727, Mrs. Sarah Warner, of 
Maryland, in y/hich State they lived for a while, but in 1730 re- 
turned to Chester. In 1737 he was Coroner of Chester County, 
and in 1743 went to live in Philadelphia. Their children were 



JOSEPH ADDISON HOSKINS 367 

John, Ruth, and Mary. Joseph Hoskins, younger brother of 
Stephen, married August 26, 1738, Jane Fenn at Chester Meeting. 
She died, leaving no issue, and her husband remarried about the 
end of the year 1765; his second wife being Esther Bickerdike 
of the County of Bucks. Joseph Hoskins was Chief Burgess of 
Chester, 1757-8-9, and was Justice of the Courts of Chester 
County. 

A man of substance and a philanthropist, he bequeathed a 
sum of money for the education of needy children, and also a lot, 
one hundred feet square, in the town of Chester for the purpose 
of erecting a schoolhouse thereon. The balance of his estate went 
to his nephew, John Hoskins of Burlington, who married Septem- 
ber 22, 1750, Mary, daughter of Joshua and Sarah Raper of Bur- 
lington. Their son Raper was married at Chester Meeting "5th 
month 2, 1781," to Eleanor, daughter of Henry Hale Graham. 
Another son, Joseph, married at the same place, "6th month, 12, 
1793," Mary Graham, sister of Eleanor. Graham Hoskins, son of 
Raper and Eleanor Hoskins, of Philadelphia, was born November 
4, 1792, and married Margaret, daughter of William Smith, Jr. 

John Hoskins, of Philadelphia, son of Stephen and Sarah 
Warner Hoskins, was born in Maryland in 1728. He married 
Hannah Ellis and had sons : Richard, Arnold, Joseph and Moses. 
He settled in Guiliord in 1780, judging from the date of his land 
grant. His son Joseph's grant was dated 1778; Arnold's, 1779. 
Moses was a lad of sixteen when he came to Guilford with his 
father, John. John died within four years after his settlement. 
Joseph is the progenitor of the family now living in Guilford. 
The tradition is that he and his wife embarked for Edenton in 
the year of their marriage, where kinspeople had preceded them. 
Here the family lived for awhile, later settling in Guilford. 
Joseph was born in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 1751. He 
was married in the year 1773 to Hannah Evans, of Philadelphia, 
by Reverend Richard Peters, Rector of Christ Church and St. 
Peter's. He was an ardent Whig and Patriot. The battle of 
Guilford Court House was fought on his plantation, March 15, 
1781. Lord Cornwallis occupied his house as headquarters, and 
later as a hospital for his wounded, it being within the British 
lines. The home place of his lands has never passed out of the 
ownership of his family. 

In the year 1789, as shown by the Minute Book of old County 
Court, Joseph Hoskins was first elected High Sheriff of Guilford 
County, in which position he rendered efficient service. He died 
in 1799, and lies buried in the old churchyard at New Garden. 
His children were: John, Eli, Ellis, Ann Hoskins Bales-Jessup, 
Elizabeth Hoskins Dennis, Hannah Hoskins Jessup, and Mary 
Hoskins Hunt. 

John Hoskins, oldest son of Joseph and Hannah Evans Hos- 



368 JOSEPH ADDISON HOSKIXS 

kins, was the father of Moses, Seaborn, Pleasant Bartlet, Hannah, 
Elmira H. Gurley, Caroline H. Macy, Anne H. Macy, and Joseph. 
The latter married Elizabeth Hollingsworth, a sister of the 
mother of Honorable Joseph G. Cannon of Illinois. After the 
death of John Hoskins, all his children migrated to Indiana, 
1859. 

Moses Hoskins, Senior, youngest son of John Hoskins, of 
Pennsylvania and North Carolina, and Hannah Ellis Hoskins, 
was born in Goshen Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania, in 
1763. He married in 1784, Kuth Hodson at New Garden Meeting. 
Their children were : John, George, Moses, Junior, William, Jona- 
than, Mary, Joseph, Hannah, Eli and Kuth. He, together with 
all his children, migrated to Ohio in 1811. He died in Dillon, 
Illinois, in 1837. 

Moses, Junior, married Elizabeth Hocket in 1810. He moved 
to Ohio, 1811, and to Iowa. 1837, where he died, 1848. John Hos- 
kins, oldest son of Moses, Senior, married Hannah Hocket, 1807. 

Ellis Hoskins, Esquire, 1795-1874, the son of Joseph Hoskins 
of Pennsvlvania and North Carolina, and Hannah Evans, sue- 

t/ / / 

ceeded his father in the ownership of the homestead. He was a 
successful farmer and business man. He was a volunteer soldier 
in the war of 1812-1814. 

Colonel Jesse Evans Hoskins, son of Ellis Hoskins and Sallie 
McCuiston Hoskins, was educated at Emory and Henry College, 
Virginia; married Miss Theodosia Mosby of Kentucky, and set- 
tled at Versailles, where he practiced law, in which profession he 
won distinction. At the time of the Civil War, although his wife 
and her family were large slave-holders, he allied himself with 
the Union and fought bravely to the end, winning the rank of 
Colonel. His living children are: Letitia Hoskins Menge, wife 
of Doctor George A. Menge, Ph.D., Washington, D. C. ; Miss 
Suzanne B. Hoskins of Washington, D. C. ; Jesse E. Hoskins of 
Guilford County, who married Miss Jennie Hackett, and has one 
son, Jesse Ellis Hoskins, Junior. The deceased children of Colo- 
nel Jesse E. Hoskins are: Ellis Hoskins and James Kemp Hos- 
kins. 

Dr. James Hoskins was the son of Ellis Hoskins. He was 
educated at Emory and Henry College, and Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia. He married Miss Mary Gibbs of Davie 
County, North Carolina, where he settled. Left issue. 

Isabella Hoskins, a daughter of Ellis Hoskins, married 
George J. Smith. Left no issue. 

Eli Hoskins (1785-1852), son of Joseph and Hannah Evans, 
was a large land owner and good business man. His children by 
his first wife, Amy Gosset Hoskins, were : Joseph, Thomas, John 
A., Ellis N. and Harriet Amy, who married, first John Canada, 
and second, John G. Gamble. Sarah Swain, second wife of Eli, 



JOSEPH ADDISON HOSKINS 369 

whose children were: Eli J., George O., David A., and Alfred F. 
Hoskins. Joseph Hoskins, 1814-1880, was the son of Eli. He 
was educated at the school of Dr. Horace Cannon. This school 
was the forerunner of New Garden Boarding School and Guilford 
College. He acquired the Charles Bruce plantation at Sum- 
merfield, Guilford County, where he established himself and 
family in 1845. He was a large land owner and a prosperous 
planter. He also owned a tannery, and was a merchant and 
tobacco manufacturer. He was a man of high mentality; well- 
read, public-spirited and patriotic, and a friend to all that 
makes for progress. His children were : William H., educated 
at New Garden Boarding School; Joshua Johnson Hoskins, 
same school; Sallie Hoskins Blair, graduate of Vassar Col- 
lege, New York; Jesse F. Hoskins, graduate of Haverford Col- 
lege, Pennsylvania, who married Miss Annie McCormack, and 
Joseph Addison Hoskins. The children of William H. Hos- 
kins are: Mrs. Elnia Hoskins Ogburn, wife of N. W. Ogburn of 
Summerfield, whose daughter is Elizabeth P. Ogburn ; Walter J. 
Hoskins of Summerfield, and Miss Lucy E. Hoskins. Mrs. Sallie 
Hoskins Blair, wife of Franklin Blair, left two children : Joseph 
E. Blair of New Decatur, Alabama, and Mrs. Annie Blair Allen, 
wife of William W. Allen, Junior, attorney-at-law and banker of 
Philadelphia. They have two children, Lydia Louise Allen, and 
William W. Allen 3 . The first wife of William H. Hoskins was 
Miss Pauline Boss, his second, Miss Sallie Tatum. 

The mother of Joseph Addison Hoskins, the subject of this 
sketch, was Mary Johnson, 1813-1898, daughter of Joshua and 
Sarah Gordon Johnson, descendants of sturdy English Quakers, 
who had settled in Orange County, North Carolina, within 
the limits of Cane Creek Meeting of Friends. The father of Sarah 
Gordon Johnson was Charles Gordon. 

Joshua Johnson, 1786-1840, of Orange County, was a suc- 
cessful planter, merchant, tanner, and manufacturer. His father 
was Joshua Johnson and his mother, Miss Hargrave of Orange 
County. She was a sister of Colonel Jesse Hargrave of Chapel 
Hill. He aided in building and operating one of the first cotton 
mills in the State. It was known as "Cane Creek Cotton Fac- 
tory." His children : Annie Johnson Clark, wife of Alexander 
Clark; Mary Johnson Hoskins, wife of Joseph Hoskins; Lydia 
Johnson Hoskins, wife of John A. Hoskins; Calvin Johnson, 
Hiram Johnson and Susanna Johnson. He left a considerable 
estate. He was a keen sportsman and rode to hounds. 

Joseph Addison Hoskins was born at Summerfield, Guilford 
County, North Carolina, December 15, 1854. He was a student, 
first at New Garden Boarding School, now Guilford College, and 
at Eastman College, New York, where he graduated at the head 
of his class in 1879. While a boy he had performed clerical duty 



370 JOSEPH ADDISOX HOSKIXS 

in his father's store ; but his first regular employment after leav- 
ing school was in the United States Railway Mail Service, his 
first service being from Richmond, Virginia to Charlotte, North 
Carolina and later from Washington, D. C. to Charlotte. At the 
end of a year's service, he was promoted to the position of head 
clerk. In 1883 he resigned to enter the Internal Revenue Service 
as Deputy Collector, and in 1888 was elected sheriff of Guilford 
County, which position he efficiently filled for three terms. From 
1903 to 1910 he served as one of the Highway Commissioners of 
Guilford County, and had a part in planning and building the 
fine system of improved highways of the county, for which a 
large bond issue was authorized. He is a director of the Ameri- 
can Exchange National Bank of Greensboro, and Director of the 
Farmer's Mutual Fire Insurance Company. 

In politics he is a Republican, but in 1912 he supported 
Roosevelt for President, on the Progressive ticket. He has par- 
ticipated in three Republican National Conventions: those of 
1880, 1888 and 1912. In 1916 he supported Charles E. Hughes, 
the Republican candidate for President. He is a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and of the Farmers' Educa- 
tional and Co-operative Union of America. He belongs to the 
Society of Friends. 

He is now devoting himself chiefly to the management of his 
"Elmhurst Farm," and in the supervision of his other farms and 
other interests. He has tenant farmers who have lived with him 
many years. Some of these families had his father for their 
landlord. He has done much to improve his lands, in the culti- 
vation of which he uses modern methods and up-to-date machin- 
ery. He favors all forward and progressive movements for the 
good of his community, his county and his State. 

Summerfield village, where he resides, nestles among the foot- 
hills of the Blue Ridge, and is in one of the most picturesque and 
prosperous sections of Piedmont, North Carolina. It is located 
on the great National Highway running from New York to At- 
lanta via Roanoke and Greensboro, and on the Southern Railway 
between Greensboro and Mount Airy. He was married Septem- 
ber 20, 1881, to Miss Mary L. Whitesell, daughter of Joshua and 
Mary Summers Whitesell of Alamance County, North Carolina, 
where she was born March 18, 1861. Their children are : Joseph 
Richard Hoskins, educated at Oak Ridge Institute and Guilford 
College, now an employee of the Western Union Telegraph Com- 
pany ; Misses Nelle and Mary Katherine Hoskins, educated at the 
State Normal College, Greensboro, and Benjamin Harrison Hos- 
kins, educated at Oak Ridge Institute and Guilford College, who 
married, December 31, 1912, Jennie Elizabeth Cuinmings, daugh- 



JOSEPH ADDISON HOSKINS 371 

ter of Kobert Cummings, Esquire, of Kockingham County, North 
Carolina, whose wife was Miss Marietta Young. The children of 
Benjamin Harrison Hoskins are: Rebecca Louise, Robert Cum- 
mings and Elizabeth. He is a farmer, residing in Summerfield. 

The origin of the patronymic Hoskins has been traced to 
Monmouthshire, whence the family spread out into Surrey, Here- 
fordshire, Dorset, Cumberland, Somerset, Cheshire and Warwick. 
The arms borne by these families demonstrate their common an- 
cestry. The connection is apparent from their similarity. The 
family was never numerous in England or America. 

Mr. Hoskius has recently (1917) been appointed and com- 
missioned by the President to membership on the Board of Ex- 
emption of the National Army, created by the Selective Service 
Act. 



JOHN WILLIS ELLISON 

JOHN WILLIS ELLISON of Waynesboro, Augusta County, 
Virginia, one of the most prominent and popular business 
men in the wealthiest section of the Sheuandoah Valley of 
Virginia, was born on September 30, 1841, near the town 
of Roxboro, in the State of North Carolina. His father, John 
Johnson Ellison, was a farmer; his mother, Martha Browne 
Pleasants Ellison. The boyhood of John Willis was passed in 
North Carolina. He received an excellent education from several 
schools in or near Roxboro, that State. He had not reached his 
majority when the war between the States broke out. He imme- 
diately enlisted as private in Company "H," of the Twenty-fourth 
North Carolina Infantry. His enlistment took place at the very 
beginning of the war, and the period of his service in the army 
covered the entire four years of the conflict. He filled success- 
ively the positions of Orderly to Colonel William J. Clarke, and 
of Courier to the Second North Carolina Brigade, and notwith- 
standing his extreme youth, he may truthfully be described as a 
most devoted and gallant Confederate soldier. 

After the close of the war, the slaves belonging to Mr. Elli- 
son's father had been freed, so that the elder Mr. Ellison had very 
little left of his former possessions except his land. His son, 
John W., determined, consequently, after the surrender at Appo- 
mattox, to start out for himself ; and deeming it advisable to be- 
gin in some other section, he left North Carolina and took up his 
residence, which he maintained ever after, in the Old Dominion. 
He first settled in the City of Richmond ; there, for a short time 
he worked w r ith his brother, Mr. Stephen A. Ellison. Mr. Ellison 
remained, however, but a short time in Richmond. In 1866 he 
moved to Waynesboro, Augusta County, Virginia. 

Mr. Ellison first engaged in Waynesboro in a general mer- 
chandise, groceries and dry goods business, in partnership with 
his brother, Mr. James M. Ellison, who is now a citizen of Crozet, 
Virginia. Afterwards, however, Mr. S. H. Hunt bought the 
brother's interest. The partnership between Mr. Hunt and Mr. 
Ellison continued for about seven years, when he sold his share 
to Mr. Hunt and directed his attention to other pursuits. Mr. 
Ellison embarked in a wholesale hay, grain and bark business, 
and was also a large shipper abroad of these commodities. From 
1873 to 1914 his success in this enterprise was ever increasing, 
devoting himself to it with characteristic thoroughness and 

[372] 



JOHN WILLIS ELLISON 375 

energy, winning deservedly the honorable and prominent place 
which he holds among the leaders of his own especial field, in the 
State of Virginia. 

In the year 1900, the firm incorporated as "J. W. Ellison, 
Son and Company." Of this firm Mr. Ellison was the President. 
Besides his business activities, Mr. Ellison was extremely suc- 
cessful as a planter and fruit grower. 

On February 26, 1873, at the town of Luray, Virginia, Mr. 
Ellison married Miss Jennie E. Grove, daughter of Mr. Enianuel 
Grove and Frances (Brumback) Grove. There are three children 
of this marriage : Walter Grove Ellison, their eldest son, educated 
at Fishburne Military School and at the University of Virginia. 

^ *J ~ 

who is Secretary and Treasurer of J. W. Ellison, Son and Com- 

*/ / 

pany; John Willis Ellison, Junior, educated at Fishburne Mili- 
tary School, the Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and Richmond 
College, is Vice-President of his father's firm; Miss Eva Lee 
Ellison is Mr. Ellison's only daughter. She has been a student 
at the Valley Seminary, Hollins Institute, and Washington 
College. 

Mr. Ellison was a popular member of Waynesboro and 
Staunton, Virginia, Lodges A. F. and A. M. ; a Knight Templar 
and a Shriner, and a member of the Acca Temple, Richmond, 
Virginia. He was a deacon of the Waynesboro Baptist Church. 
In politics, from early youth upward, Democracy was his political 
creed. 

It is sad to have to record that while this sketch was being 
prepared for its place among those of the other Makers of 
America, the announcement of the death of Mr. John Willis 
Ellison, on the first day of February, 1916, was received. 
Great is the grief of his lifelong friends, and such were the people 
of Waynesboro and of all the surrounding country. His funeral 
services were conducted by the venerable pastor of Laurel Hill 
Church, the Reverend John H. Taylor, who had been the pastor 
of the Waynesboro Baptist Church in its early days of struggle 
and vicissitude, when Mr. Ellison was his loyal and strong "right 
hand man." The tribute paid to his memory by his old pastor 
was tender and pathetic. This sketch may not well be concluded 
without quoting the tribute paid his friend by the Editor of the 
Valley Virginian, in which he truthfully and beautifully 
sounds the keynote of the life of John Willis Ellison : 

"Perhaps the most conspicuous traits of Mr. Ellison's char- 
acter, and those that drew men closest to him, were his love and 
devotion to his home and family, his earnest and deep devotion 
to his Church, and his loyal and generous support of every object 
in w T hich the Church was interested, and last but not least, his 
kindly sympathy and liberal charity to the poor, the sick, and 
the needy. And while much of his munificence and generosity 



376 JOHN WILLIS ELLISON 

to those objects were necessarily generally known, much of it, 
perhaps the greater portion, was never and will never be known 
here. 

A good man, a kind-hearted neighbor and friend, a public- 
spirited and useful citizen, a loving husband and father, an earn- 
est, clean-hearted Christian gentleman has gone home to rest and 
be with Christ, and those he left behind can say with him, in all 
confidence and hopeful trust and grateful anticipation : 'Say not 
good-bye, but in some brighter clime, bid me good morning.' 

John Johnston Ellison, the father of John Willis Ellison, 
was left an orphan and was reared by James Cohorn (or Coth- 
ran), a farmer, who was a maker of sleys for hand looms. Young 
Ellison learned the business and kept it up for many years, in 
connection with farming and other business. His wife, Martha 
Brow r ne (Pleasants) Ellison, the daughter of Elder Stephen 
Pleasants, w^as a woman of strong character, intellectual, tactful 
and industrious. Mr. Ellison was a Mason and a Baptist. His 
children were: Silvaria, William Browne, Mary, Stephen Adol- 
phus, Fanny Travis, John Willis, Katherine, James Monroe, 
Martha T., and Charles E. Ellison. Mr. Ellison, his wife, and 
most of his children were members of the Clement Baptist 
Church, about ten miles south of Roxboro, in Person County. 
In 1873, having children doing well in business, both in Richmond 
and Waynesboro, they joined them. 

It is quite evident that the Alisons in Scotland were origin- 
ally from England. They were not of Celtic blood as were the 
Scots generally of the Highlands ; while these Scots took up their 
domicile in Ireland, there were very few marriages contracted 
with the Celts, for they were very much inclined to keep up their 
Scotch lineage, of which they were perhaps inordinately proud. 

James Alison was the ancestor of the Alison of Cairnduff, 
Avon dale, whose personal name is unknown, born in 1621; died, 
1670. 

It was during the terrible persecutions of the Covenanters 
that Michael and William Alison went to England in order to 
escape to America, where they expected to enjoy freedom. This 
was in 1664. In 1669, Thomas Allison followed, but did not re- 
main in America, and under the government of Russia made an 
exploration of the North Sea. James Allison, with forty others, 
was arrested and confined in Dunallen Castle for a long time. 
John Allison, son of James, born in 1652, was one of twelve hun- 
dred prisoners taken at Bothwell Bridge and banished to Vir- 
ginia. His posterity still retain his sword. When his exile was 
ended he joined the Pilgrims of Massachusetts. No records of his 
children have been found. Michael, his brother, born in 1654, 
was at the Siege of Londonderry in 1688-9. Archibald, another 



JOHN WILLIS ELLISON 377 

brother, born in 1656, was taken prisoner at the Airsmoss battle 
and executed. 

Reverend Archibald Alison of Prestwick, Scotland, writing 
in 1892, says : "The spelling of Alison differs in various families 
that are nearly related. We have it Alison, Allison, Ellison, 
Allasen, and even Alanson ; but the last among none of our rela- 
tions." 

In the records, very singularly the name of a father is spelled 
Ellison and that of the children, Alison, or vice versa; this may 
account for the difference in the name of J. W. Ellison and that 
of his grandfather, James Allison. 

Between 1760 and 1770, five Allison brothers born in Penn- 
sylvania (one account gives Ireland as their birthplace) came to 
North Carolina, settling in Iredell and Mecklenburg Counties. 
These were William, John, Robert, George and Thomas ; they had 
been living upon the Yellowstone River. Another brother, James, 
settled first in Donegal Township, Pennsylvania, removing after- 
wards to Staunton, Virginia; and in the Revolutionary War 
was a Lieutenant with Washington in the retreat through New 
Jersey. Of these brothers, Robert married Sarah, daughter of the 
widow Graham, who moved from Pennsylvania to Mecklenburg, 
no doubt in the same hegira with the Allisons. The children of 
Robert and Sarah Allison were William, James, Thomas, and 
John Graham. Mr. Leonard Allison Morrison in his "History 

, 

of the Allison Family,' 7 gives Peggy Young as the wife of Thomas, 
and James, as marrying Polly Allison, daughter of his Uncle 
John and Almira Johnston, as the wife of John Graham. The 
Ellison family give the wife of James as Polly Johnston. Evi- 
dently James Allison was the father of John Johnston Ellison, 
the name being changed during his orphan boyhood. His grand- 
mother, the widow Graham, whose sons were valiant soldiers in 
war and most valuable civic officers in peace, was a descendant 
of the Dukes of Montrose. 

The Pleasants family has been long conspicuous in Eng- 
land. "Pleasaunce," County Suffolk, is the arrnigerous branch. 

The name assumed its present form of "Pleasants" in the 
eighteenth century. The family accumulated land and wealth in 
Suffolk, and were styled "gentlemen." The descent of the Ameri- 
can ancestor of the Pleasants had been traced through wills and 
records, by Mr. J. Hall Pleasants of Baltimore, Maryland. 

William Pleasuance, whose will was proven in 1558, is trace- 
able to the first William of 1454. He died 1558, succeeded by his 
son Robert, who died in 1591, whose son John died 1662, leaving 
his widow Katherine ; sons John, Samuel, Benjamin and Thomas, 
and three daughters. Of these, John Pleasants of St. Saviers, 
Norwich, England, the immigrant, came to Virginia in 1665, 
being then twenty-one years of age, and Thomas went to Ireland. 



378 JOHN WILLIS ELLISON 

His first land patent was dated October 1, 1679, for five hundred 
forty acres; his holdings were afterward increased to some five 
thousand acres. He married Jane, widow of Samuel Tucker. He 
was a Quaker, and many were the records of complaints issued 
against him for acts of non-conformity. 

Elder Stephen Pleasants, father of Mrs. Martha B. Ellison, 
was born January 12, 1779, joined Ebenezer Baptist Church in 
Person County, North Carolina. In 1824 he engaged in the min- 
istry, and died November 28, 1852. He was the "Father of the 
Beulah Baptist Association 1 ' in North Carolina; organized 
Clement Church in Person County, and other Baptist Churches 
in the State. Mary (Browne) Pleasants, his wife, was born April 
24, 1785, and died April 7, 1867. She was a member of the Bap- 
tist Church for sixty-four years. 

Their children became prominent and useful citizens. The 
sons were: Willis M. Pleasants, William B. Pleasants, and John 
L. Pleasants; their daughters were: Martha Browne, wife of 
John Johnston Ellison ; Mrs. T. K. Glenn and Mrs. Wood of Ala- 
bama, and others whose names have not been found. Moving 
their membership from Ebenezer Church to Clement Church in 
1835, they remained there until their death, and in the church- 
yard they were buried side by side. 




BONEY WELLS PAGE 

F the families whose sterling character and valuable serv- 
ice, combined with long residence in this country, have 
made them, indeed, "Makers of America," one of the 
most illustrious is that which bears the name of Page. 

Tracing the name, which is one derived from an occupation, 
back to medieval times, when those who bore it were associated 
intimately with royalty, and following it down to the present, it 
is evident that both in England and America, the Pages have con- 
tributed much to the advancement of the race. Among them are 
clergymen and ministers, educators, jurists, statesmen, soldiers, 
litterateurs, physicians, scientists, engineers, and business men. 

Among the earliest records, mention is made of the fact that 
in the year 1257 A. D., there lived at Ebor in the County of York- 
shire, England, Hugo de Pagham, (or Pageham) who was the 
senior son of a feudal baron. The King Edward of that day, 
desiring a trustworthy emissary to convey a message to the King 
of Spain, selected Hugo de Pagham for this important duty. So 
efficiently did he perform the task, and so valuable presumably 
were other services rendered by him, that he was knighted, and 
it was publicly proclaimed that thereafter he should be known 
as Sir Hugo de Pageham. The prefix "ham" meant home, and 
thus his name, literally translated, meant Sir Hugo Page of the 
home of the Pages. 

From the time of Sir Hugo down to the Pages who came to 
America in colonial days, many records are existent which give 
information of certain members of this family. Old English rec- 
ords show that Kichard Page, son of Sir Hugo Page of Pageham, 
was appointed by King Edward I of England to accompany Alex- 
ander III of Scotland on his tour through England. At the recep- 
tion given by Edward in honor of Alexander in 1289, Richard 
Page was among the guests. That the Pages were progressing 
in royal favor may be judged from the fact that eleven years later 
the King awarded them several tracts of land in Devonshire. 

Edmund Page was appointed by King Edward II as Com- 
mander of Troops in a war waged against Scotland in 1309. 
Roger Page was mentioned in 1327 as being the husband of 
Matilda Page, who exchanged "land rents" with King Edward III 
of England. Edward Page (or Thomas, as one writer gives it) 
drilled six hundred archers for King Edward III about the year 
1346, and led them in victorious battle against the French. His 

[381] 



BOXEY WELLS I'A' 

home was in Yorkshire. In 1377 mention is made of John Page 
of Devonshire. Richard Page was a prominent man of Oxford- 
shire in 1386. John Page was living in Buckingham in 1398, 
and again the name lingo Page is recorded, this time as a resi- 
it of Survey in 1430. Thirty-three years later, mention is made 
of <Jrei;<iry Page living in Sussex. Sir Thomas Page is on record 
as residing in Wrecklernarsh in 1475. Sir John Page of Devon- 
shire was a general in the English Army in 1483. Nicholas Page, 
who lived in Essex in 1490, had a son Henry, whose son Henry, 
was born at Wembley, in the County of Middlesex, England, in 
the year 14!)-. He removed to Essex, where he married about 
1520, and later returned to Wembley, where his three children 
were born. His Coat of Arms is identical with that used by many 
of his name at the present time. 

John Page in 1553 married Audrey Eedding, daughter of 
Thomas Redding of Hedgeston, Middlesex County, by whom he 
had two sons, John and Richard. Richard, John's second son, 
was born in 1556, and married twice, his first wife being Frances 
Mudge. This couple had a large family. Richard's eldest son 
John emigrated to Salem, Massachusetts, and became the progen- 
itor of a New England family of Pages. Nathaniel, son of Rich- 
ard, son of Richard, came to America about 1675, and altered the 
spelling of his name to "Paige." Thomas Paige, seventh son of 
Richard, was born at Uxenden about 1597, and married in 1622, 
after which he moved to Budbury. 

As related in the Volume I of "Makers of America," John 
Page, son of Thomas, was born in 1627 and emigrated to Virginia 
in 1650, during the early days of the Jamestown Colony. Here 
he married Alice Luckin, by whom he had tw r o children, Francis 
and Matthew. Colonel John Page was an able, versatile, and in- 
fluential man, and rendered notable service to the young colony. 
Like many other Pages before and since, he had marked literary 
talent, as is evidenced by his manuscript book on religious sub- 
jects, which he presented to his son Matthew. A monument to 
Colonel Page was erected a few years ago by one of his descend- 
ants, Richard Channing Moore Page, M.D., of New York, in place 
of the old tombstone which had been broken into fragments. 
Some of the pieces of the old monument have been collected and 
placed on exhibition in the vestibule of the Episcopal Church of 
Bruton Parish. In Colonel Page's will, preserved in the Virginia 
archives, he makes mention of his brother, Matthew Page, of Vir- 
ginia, and of other brothers in England. 

Colonel Page's eldest son, Francis, who was born in 1657, and 
died in 1692, married Mary Digges of Hampton, and had an only 
child, Elizabeth, who married John Page, referred to as her 
"cousin," and died without issue at the early age of nineteen. 
This John Page is also described as the nephew of Colonel John 



BONEY WELLS PAGE 383 

Page, Elizabeth's grandfather, who, it is said, offered the young 
man some inducements to emigrate to Virginia. 

The second son, Matthew, born in 1659, like his brother 
passed away in the prime of his life, in his case in the year 1703. 
He married Mary Mann, only child of wealthy parents who en- 
riched him with a vast estate. Only one of Matthew's three chil- 
dren, Mann Page 1 , born in 1691, survived him. His widow 
married the widower John Page, whose first wife had been Eliza- 
beth Page. John and Mary (Mann) Page returned to England, 
where John died. Their children remained there, but Mary re- 
turned to her Virginia home, where she died before attaining her 
fortieth birthday. 

Mann Page 1 built beautiful old Kosewell, a commodious 
brick and marble mansion, with interior fittings of carved mahog- 
any, located near the York Elver, in Gloucester County. Here, 
it is said, Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence. 
Mann Page 1 married seventeen-year-old Judith Wormeley, who 
died at twenty-one, survived by but one of her three children, a 
daughter. Three of the children born to him and his second wife, 
Judith Carter, carried on the family line, namely, Mann Page 2 , 
John and Robert, who founded, respectively, the Black Pages of 
North End, and the Broadneck Pages, who later removed to 
Clarke County. It is probable that many of the Pages, now 
widely scattered through the Southern States, are descended from 
these Virginia Pages. 

Among the earliest North Carolina pioneers record is made 
of the Pages. The ancestors of the subject of this sketch, Doctor 
Bbney Wells Page, were among the first settlers in Albemarle 
County, at the time when Virginians began to pass over the 
border into North Carolina. In Volume 22 of North Carolina 
State Eecords, there is an account of the receipt of one-half of the 
arrears of His Majesty's quit rents in Albemarle County from 
September 29, 1729, to March, 1732, which shows that a John 
Page paid in part for five hundred twenty acres of land the sum 
of four pounds and one shilling. About the year 1734, an Act was 
passed establishing a ferry from the west side of Blackwater to 
Thomas Page's. At three Edenton Councils, one Wilmington 
Council, and a New Bern Council, the name of Thomas Page ap- 
pears among petitioners for land in the years 1740, 1741, 1743, 
and 1744, such petitions being for several hundred acres of land. 

Among those who showed themselves loyal to the State by 
taking the oath of allegiance in 1778 was Nathaniel Page of 
Goshen District, Granville County. 

Several North Carolina Pages are found among Revolution- 
ary patriots. There were Corporal Solomon Page of Bailey's 
Company, Abraham Page, whose name is mentioned among those 
to whom pay was due at end of the war, and Corporal Benjamin 
Page, who served in Donoho's Company. Then, too, in a list of 



384 BONEY WELLS PAGE 

Revolutionary Pensioners, reported by the Secretary of State to 
Congress in 1835, is the name of John Page, Private of Cavalry. 
Again, among the men "in camp under command of General Har- 
rington at Fork's Creek, near Cross Creek, under date of Septem- 
ber 5, 1780," mention is made of Captain Page of Duplin County, 
whose Christian name is not given. 

By 1790, when the first census was taken, the Pages had 
spread through many counties of North Carolina, and the pub- 
lished lists of heads of families shows that the Christian names 
of "John, Thomas, and William" were most frequent. 

Doctor Boney Wells Page's great-grandfather, John, of the 
Pages of Wake and Moore Counties, moved to Duplin County, 
North Carolina, in its early days. His family consisted of four 
sons and three daughters all of whom remained in that State 
except one son who moved to Mississippi. 

The Page family, in Virginia and North Carolina, and else- 
where, has included many distinguished individuals. Notable 
among them are: Thomas Nelson Page, now representing the 
United States in Italy; Walter Hines Page, of the well-known 
firm of Doubleday and Page, who now fills the important post of 
American Ambassador to Great Britain; Robert Newton Page, 
Member of Congress from North Carolina; Charles Nash Page, 
who has written a history of the Page family, and Richard Chan- 
ning Moore Page, author of a genealogy oi! the Virginia Pages. 

The father of Boney Wells Page was John Everett Page, who 
was a farmer in Wallace, Duplin County, North Carolina, where 
on March 18, 1877, Boney Wells was born. His name of "Wells" 
came from the family of his mother, Miss Mary Ellen Wells, a 
famih r settled in North Carolina for many generations, which, as 
well as the Page family, has a name with an interesting history. 

In Norman-French, the word val meant a vale, being derived 
from the Latin vallis, a valley. The plural, vaux, sometimes vals, 
was the name of a Norman-French family running back to A. D. 
794, and is one of the most famous names in history. Harold de 
Vauxcame to northwest England in 1120. His family took the name 
of de Vallibus, because they settled in the valleys. In 1145 the Eng- 
lish record mentioned Robert de Vallibus, lineal descendant of 
Hubert de Vallibus, eldest son of Harold de Vaux, under the 
name of Robert de Welles. His descendants bore the name of 
Lords de Welles of Rayne Hall, Essex. Later appears the name 
of Wallys, Wellys, and also Wyllys, which with Wills, is rare. 
De Well, and Finally Wells came into use by the beginning of 
the thirteenth century. 

There were many Wells who came early to America, some 
to New England, some to Pennsylvania, and some to the South. 
In the 1790 census of North Carolina thev are well distributed 

/ 

throughout this last State. 

Like many other persons of note, Doctor Page was reared on 



BONEY WELLS PAGE 385 

a farm, and received his early education at the elementary schools 
of his neighborhood. Later he went to the Rockfish Academy, 
and the Buies Creek Academy. After two years of study at the 
State University, he attended the George Peabody College for 
Teachers, which conferred upon him the Bachelor of Arts degree. 
At Vanderbilt University he studied medicine for two years, and 
finished his course at Tulane University, where he received the 
Doctor of Medicine degree in 1909. He took special interest in 
the college literary societies which rewarded him for his ability 
and faithful support by making him President of that society. At 
Vanderbilt and Tulane he was a member of the Alpha Kappa Kappa 
Fraternity. He found time for reading extensively, his tastes run- 
ning largely to philosophy, pedagogy, economics, and history, 
but literature relating to sanitation and bacteriology, as well as 
to other branches of medical science, attracted him more and 
more as the years went by. Before entering upon the practice 
of his profession, he taught school for seven different sessions, 
which experience has probably been of great value to him in his 
later work. For a year he worked professionally as a general 
practitioner. He then became a member of the Kockefeller Sani- 
tary Commission, and for years held the position of District 
Director. 

Intelligent people have come to realize that much illness, 
and even death, is avoidable, and could be prevented by practice 
of the laws of health. The conviction had been gradually increas- 
ing in the minds of the members of Robeson County Medical 

c5 *> 

Society that public education along hygienic lines should be 
undertaken. The result of this was, that in 1911 a recommenda- 
tion was made by the Medical Society that a capable physician 
be employed, who should devote his entire time to public enlight- 
ment along hygienic lines. Such an office was created March 1, 
1912, and Doctor Boney Wells Page was deemed the most suit- 
able physician to fill it. Thus he became the Health Officer for 
Robeson County, North Carolina. 

When he first began to tour the country in the performance 
of his duties, people listened courteously to his opinions, but 
many were frankly sceptical concerning the possibility of edu- 
cating the public along the lines proposed by Doctor Page. Some 
did not believe in "germs," which is not so strange, considering 
that it has been only some thirty years since Pasteur first demon- 
strated this theory. Others were somewhat fatalistic, and be- 

*/ f 

lieved, with regard to sickness and death, that what was pre- 
ordained would happen, and that such afflictions were the chasten- 
ings of Providence. Many, however, urged the importance of 
public education along these lines, but thought it useless to 
expect immediate results. Some, however, more hopeful, have 
supported the young doctor in his efforts to stamp out disease 
by teaching people how to keep well. He has found valuable 



386 BOXEY WELLS PA(iE 

helpers in the public school teachers, who are always leaders in 
what stands for progress. The opportunities afforded for the 
spread of communicable diseases, by the personal contact unavoid- 
able in the schoolroom and playground, have long been feared by 
solicitous parents, and not without reason. Many have been the 
lives sacrificed in the past through lack of knowledge, but a 
brighter day is dawning, and Kobeson County has caught some- 
thing of its glow. Besides the checking of communicable 
diseases, good work in the schools has been done in the matter 
of correcting youthful abnormalities and defects, and detecting 
symptoms of constitutional derangement. 

The clergy, who have opportunities to reach people both in 
masses and as individuals, have nobly aided the good cause. And 
not least important among agents for the spread of sanitary 
knowledge have been the newspapers, whose editors and writers 
have thrown themselves heartily into the work of community 
welfare. 

About one hundred articles are being published each year 
pertaining to public hygiene. Doctor Page delivers about two 
hundred lectures annually, and distributes twenty-five thousand 
bulletins on the subject of health. He has prepared a catechism 
for use in schools, which is equally suitable for study by older 
people. 

Doctor Page has never devoted much attention to politics, 
but his political affiliation is with the Democratic party. He is 
a member of the First Missionary Baptist Church of Lumberton. 
He belongs to the American Medical Association, the A. K. K. 
Medical Fraternity, the American Public Health Association, the 
Southern Medical Association, and the North Carolina Medical 
Association. 

He was married June 14, 1911, at Kaleigh, North Carolina, 
to Miss Frances Jane Culbreth, whose birthplace was Whiteville, 
North Carolina, and who was born August 26, 1888. She was the 
daughter of the well-known physician, Neill Monroe Culbreth, 
M.D., D.D.S., and Elizabeth Memory. 

Doctor Page is making rural sanitation his life work, and 
probably devotes more time to that subject than to any other. 
To this end he studies, talks, works, and writes. He is widely 
read in the literature pertaining to the subject, and has written 
much for the press. His articles have been published in the Robe- 
son County papers and Medical Journals. An essay on the "Eti- 
ology of Pellagra," so prevalent in certain sections, was published 
in the Medical Record of January 2, 1915, and attracted such 
favorable attention that it was reprinted in pamphlet form. 

Thus Doctor Page is upholding the traditions of his family 
and is rendering to the community at large in his day and gen- 
eration, useful, valuable and noble service. 



WILLIAM THADDEUS BETHEA 

WILLIAM THADDEUS BETHEA was a native of "Dothan 
Community/ 7 born December 31, 1868, in Marion County, 
(now Dillon County), South Carolina. He was of the 
sixth generation of his family, American-born, and a typ- 
ical example of the true American. His father, David N. Bethea, 
was a farmer and a lawyer. At the time of the birth of William 
Thaddeus the South had not yet recovered from the effect of the 
War of Secession, and upon his father's farm the boy learned to 
labor with the assiduity and energy that marked his whole career. 
Both his mother and father were cultured and educated and the 
boy's mind was trained in unison with his physical development. 

The education of William Thaddeus was conducted at the 
Dothan High School, which, equipped with an especially fine 
corps of teachers, was one of the best in the country, and he was 
well prepared to enter college. He decided, however, to begin 
us li f e work ^ an early age, no doubt desiring to prepare a home 
for his chosen . ^Ipmate. When only nineteen, his maternal uncle, 
John C. Sellers, offered him work with the Atlantic Coast Line. 
The station, "Sellers," was upon his uncle's farm, and he had 
been appointed the agent, but it was the nephew who performed 
all the details of the office, while he utilized his spare time in 
learning telegraphy. When the telegraph lines were erected he 
was put in charge of the station at Dillon. During the twelve 
years that he retained this office the business grew to such a 
volume that he frequently was obliged to work from sixteen to 
eighteen hours a day. Such was his industry that, after his resig- 
nation, it required six men to do the work which he had accom- 
plished with the help of only one depot hand. He was frequently 
offered promotion by the railroad company but he was attached 
to his home and to the people of Dillon with whom he was unusu- 
ally popular and he was, consequently, unwilling to change his 
residence. 

In 1892 Mr. Bethea married Georgie Alice, daughter of his 
uncle, Doctor Andrew Jackson Bethea. His family life was per- 
fect. His house was really all that home means. Tender and 
devoted as a husband, he was a true father to the children sent 
to bless him, his hospitality was proverbial, and he was charitable 
in the truest sense of the word. 

In 1897 the Bank of Dillon was organized. The confidence 
of all classes in Mr. Bethea was evidenced by the fact that a 

[ 389] 



390 WILLIAM TiiAi)i>i:r.> BETIIEA 

wealthy stockholder purchased a large block of stock on the 
condition that Mr. Bethea be selected as Cashier, which was 
accordingly done. There is no doubt that the success of the bank 
was largely due to his keen business capacity. From small be- 
ginnings the bank had grown under his wise and conservative 
management until it had become one of the strongest in the State, 
with an important capital and surplus. For many years Mr. 
Bethea was, practically, both President and Cashier, as Mr. T. B. 
Stackhouse, the President, being a resident of Columbia, was 
only occasionally in Dillon. To relieve him from so great a 
pressure of work, the services of an assistant cashier were en- 
gaged. 

Mr. Bethea, early in life, joined the Methodist Church, and 
has not onlv been a devout Christian, but has alwavs been a readv 

I. V * 

support in all things pertaining to his religion. He was an organ- 
izer of the church at Dillon, Chairman of the Board of Stewards, 
Trustee of the District parsonage at Marion and an ex-officio 
member of the Conference. For six terms he was Mayor of Dillon, 
and has since served continuously as a Member of the Council. 
He resigned to accept membership on the Board of Trustees of 
the Dillon High School. He was Chairman of the County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee, on the Court House Commission, 
besides being Secretary and Treasurer of the Good Koads Com- 
mission. Mr. Bethea was honored by being appointed a Delegate 
from South Carolina to the National Convention at Baltimore 
where he voted from first to last for Woodrow Wilson as the 
Democratic nominee for President. He was a Koval Arch, Blue 

*/ 

Lodge and Council Mason, served two terms as Worshipful Master 
of the local Lodge, and was Chancellor Commander of the Pyth- 
ian Lodge. He was, in fact, associated with every movement 
having for its aim the betterment of Dillon. It would seem that 
no one man may easily fill his place. His hand was always ready 
to dispense alms to the needy and his heart to sympathize with 
the afflicted. Not only in his home town was he knowm and appre- 
ciated but his advice w^as sought from many other sections. 

April 29, 1915, while sitting at the president's desk in the 
bank, Mr. Bethea w T as suddenly attacked by paralysis and lived 
but a few hours. The "Dillon Herald" of May sixth gives the 
character of William Thaddeus Bethea in these words : 

"A man of extraordinary personality, kind and gentle to an 
unusual degree, sympathetic and considerate in his dealings with 
his fellow-men, modest almost to a fault, and of a generous and 
forgiving disposition, it is natural that he should have gathered 
around him in the forty-seven years of his life a large circle of 
strong friends and sincere admirers who feel deeply his sudden 
and untimely death. While he thought and felt deeply, and had a 
strong conception of the responsibilities resting upon him, yet 



WILLIAM THADDEUS BETHEA 391 

there was a jovial side to his nature which made him a delightful 
companion at all times and under all circumstances. 

"Mr. Bethea's advice and counsel were sought on all impor- 
tant public matters. The Directors' room in the rear of the Bank 
of Dillon was the meeting place of all important committees, and 
it was here that the public received the benefit of his keen fore- 
sight and his excellent business judgment on all questions that 
came up for discussion in the interest of the community." 

Surviving Mr. Bethea are his widow and five children : J. 
Earle Bethea who was graduated from Wofford College in 1913, 
and has since been Principal of Pork High and Minturn Rural 
Schools, and is now a member of the firm of Bethea and Moore in 
Dillon ; William Thaddeus, Junior, student at the South Carolina 
Military Academy; Osborne, student in Dillon High School; 
Andrew David, aged five years, and Mary Sprunt, pupil in the 
Dillon Grammar School. 

It is said that the name "Bethea" was formerly spelled 
"Berthier," and was of French origin. John, the first Bethea of 
whom there is any knowledge, was, however, an Englishman. His 
two sons, John and Tristram came to America about 1714, the 
one settling in Nansemond County, Virginia, the other on Cape 
Fear River, North Carolina. They spelled their name as it is 
now written. These two brothers were the progenitors of all the 
Betheas in the United States, so far as is known. The sons of 
John, who settled in Virginia, came to South Carolina in 1750 
and are the progenitors of all the South Carolina Betheas and 
most of those in the States of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, 
Texas and Illinois. Very little is known of the descendants of 
Tristram who settled on Cape Fear River, North Carolina. 

The descent of William Thaddeus Bethea is as follows : John 
Bethea 1 , John Bethea 2 , John Bethea 3 , married Absala Parker; 
James Bethea, married Margaret Cochrane; Reverend Samuel J. 
Bethea, married Mary Rogers ; David N. Bethea, married Anna J. 
Sellers ; William Thaddeus Bethea, married Georgie Alice Bethea. 

Among the distinguished members of this family are the fol- 
lowing : Philip Bethea, Member of the House of Representatives ; 
John C. Bethea, Member of the Legislature; Colonel James R. 
Bethea, Member of the Legislature; David W. Bethea, Member 
of the Legislature; Doctor Alfred W. Bethea, Member of the Se- 
cession Convention of South Carolina; Doctor J. Frank Bethea, 
Member of the Legislature ; John C. Sellers, Member of the Legis- 
lature ; Ben B. Sellers, Member of the Legislature ; W. W. Sellers, 
author of "The History of Marion County;" Andrew J. Bethea, 
present Lieutenant-Governor of South Carolina. 



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 

CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON, a prominent citizen of the 
thriving town of Benson, North Carolina, belongs to a 
family whose surname, in its various forms, is a very 
ancient one, and elates back to the earliest period of Eng- 
lish history. Innumerable have been the Johnsons, Johnstons, 
and Johustoues who have rendered notable service to their rulers, 
fellow citizens and native land. 

The prominence of the North Carolina Johnsons or John- 
stons, is attested bv the name of Johnston Countv in that State, 

/ / , 

and perpetuated in that of Johnston Cross Koads in said county. 
At this place there lived "Johnnie" Johnson, great-grandfather 
of Cauin Timothy Johnson, who was of English descent, and here 
was born and reared James Johnson, his son. At Peacock Cross 
Koads in the same county lived James Smith, another great- 
grandfather of Cauin Timothy Johnson, whose wife, Jennie 
Smith, was said to have been an immigrant from Germany. Their 
daughter, Pherby, born and reared at Peacock Cross Roads, mar- 
ried James Johnson and went to reside at the homestead of his 
family at Johnston Cross Roads, where several children were 
born to them. One of these was D. G. Johnson who became a 
member of the Legislature in 1892. Another was Aulsey Daniel 
Johnson, the father of the subject of this sketch, who was a 
successful farmer and merchant. He married Miss Elizabeth 
Tart and they continued to reside at Johnston Cross Roads, at 
which place Cauin Timothy Johnson was born August 13, 1871. 

From the public schools of the county he received a sound, 
practical education, and at the age of twenty-one years succeeded 
his father in the mercantile business, in which he has continued 
to the present day achieving great success. That he must be a 
very busy man may be judged from the fact that he owns a farm 
which he manages in addition to his duties as proprietor of a 
store, and is connected with the business life of his town, being 
Director and stockholder in the Farmer's Commercial Bank of 
Benson, and President of the Real Estate Trading Company of 
Benson. 

Mr. Johnson has been actively interested in helping to build 
the Carolina Central Railroad; has been endeavoring to have a 
thirty-thousand-dollar school building erected in the growing 
town of Benson ; has also been an effective worker in the endeavor 
to secure good roads, especially for the national highway which 

[392] 



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 395 

passes through his home town. He believes that money expended 
on suitable buildings for schools and churches is money well 
spent. As a farmer, he believes in the diversification of crops, 
to which principle he attributes much of his own success; and 
as a business man, he is a strict advocate of competition as the 
life of business. He is ambitious not only for himself and his 
family, but for his town, his State and his nation, for which he 
covets "earnestly the best things." With all his duties, he finds 
ample time for reading standard works and keeps himself in touch 
with the current of the world's life through the medium of three 
daily newspapers. 

Coincident with his entry upon his business career Mr. John- 
son married at Benson, July 3, 1892, Miss Lina Morgan, daughter 
of John L. and Mary Willie Morgan. She was born July 22, 1872, 
and died September 28, 1904, leaving two children, Paul Daniel 
and Johnie Aulsey. A daughter, Pearl Vestal died in infancy. 

September 6, 1905, Mr. Johnson married Miss Georgia Anna 
Denning, born September 17, 1880, daughter of David Bryant and 
Ocea Anna Denning. The children of this marriage are : Georgia 
A., Cauin Timothy, Junior, Kenneth Denning, William Russell, 
David Linwood and Raymond Kendall. 

Mr. Johnson is a member of the Southern Methodist Epis- 
copal Church of Benson. In politics he is a Democrat. 

The Johnsons were an ancient and warlike Scottish family 
and derive their surname from the Barony of Johnstone, their 
patrimony in Annandale, a fertile district in the southwestern 
part of Scotland. This family furnished the Wardens of the 
West Borders before the union of the two countries. They laid 
the foundation for their grandeur by their remarkable services 
against the English, the Douglases and other Borderers. They 
also suppressed the thieves, who during the many wars between 
the two nations committed great ravages on the borders. 

They took for their device a winged spur and motto "Nun- 
quam non paratus," or as some had it "Ready Aye Ready," to 
denote their diligence. There are several traditions, however, 
as to the origin of this crest or device. One is that when Bruce 
was imprisoned, or besieged, the Laird of Johnstone got a mes- 
sage to him that enabled him to escape by throwing a note over 
the walls tied to a spur; this spur had the appearance, when 
thrown, of being winged. Another tradition is that at one time 
the head of the family had been captured and imprisoned by the 
Maxwells, between which clan and the Johnstones there had been 
a feud for centuries, and that, as he was to be executed, Lady 
Johnstone begged to be permitted to send her husband something 
to eat the night before the execution. Her request being granted, 
she sent him, in a covered dish a spur with feathers attached to 



:J96 CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 

show that he must Hy, and keys were conveyed to him by means 
of which lie ell'eried his escape. 

The lineage ol' this Johiistone clan goes back to Sir .John de 
Johnstone whu was living in 1-Mii. His great-grandson, Sir John 
de Johnstone, on the accession of Robert II to the throne in 1370, 
defeat^l the English, who had invaded Scotland from the 
Marches. His grandson, and successor, Sir Adam de Johnstone, 
who is considered the head of the Annandale family of that 
name was "distinguished for his loyalty to his country, his prince, 
and his friends." He bravely led his clan in the battle of Sark, 
in 144S, and did an important part in putting down the rebellion 
of William Earl Douglas, for which notable service to the ruler, 
he was rewarded with a tract of laud, in the County of Lanark. 
His successor was his son John, whose sou, Matthew, became the 
ancestor of the Johnstones of Westerhall, the charter for which 
was granted to Matthew by James II as a reward for his capture 
of two Douglas brothers in 1455. Thus was added to the John- 
stone arms, a heart and a crown. 

William was one of the Privy Council of King William III 
by whom he was made one of the Commissioners of the Treasury, 
and created Marquis of Annandale in 1701. He was Secretary of 
State in the reign of Queen Anne, President of the Council, 
Knight of the Thistle. He was also one of the Commissioners 
of the treaty of Union, but in Parliament in 1706 his Lordship 
opposed the union in several vigorous speeches. He was twice 
elected afterwards, as one of the sixteen peers of Scotland to sit 
in the Parliament of Great Britain. He was appointed keeper 
of the Privy Seal of Scotland, and was Lord Lieutenant of Dum- 
fries, Peebles and Kirkenbright. He married Sophia, daughter 
and sole heiress of John Fairholru of Craighall, in the County of 
Stirling, by whom he had issue : James, second Marquis of Annan- 
dale; Lord William; and a daughter Henrietta, who married 
Charles Hope, Earl of Hopeton, from whom spring the Hope- 
Johnstones of Annandale. His second wife was Charlotte, daugh- 
ter of John Van Bempden of Westminster, by whom he had issue 
two sons: Lord George born in 1720, and so named for King 
George, who was his godfather; and Lord John who was elected 
to Parliament for the Borough of Dumfries in 1742. William 
died in January 1721 and was succeeded by his son James, second 

c/ t- / 

Marquis of Annandale, who died without issue at Naples in 1729, 
and was succeeded by his brother George, third Marquis of An- 
nandale. who also died without issue in 1792. 

In default of issue of the sons of William, first Marquis of 
Annandale, the present senior branch of the family trace their 
descent from John, the brother of William, who had settled at 
Stapleton. His sons were : John, Gabriel and Gilbert. The last 
named was the only one of the Johnstones who left any male 



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 397 

descendants insofar as there is definite knowledge. There is a 
claim that William, son of James, above mentioned, visited 
America, married a Miss Chew, by whom he had six sons; Wil- 
liam, Kobert, James, Richard, Philip, and Benjamin, but this 
does not seem to be authenticated. It is certain that since 1799 
the tribe has been dormant. 

John of Stapleton first entered the Scottish Army and after 
the battle of Killiecrankie he revolted and entered the French 
service as an officer of a Scotch Regiment, and remained in 
France until 1702. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Gabriel 
Belchier, a French Protestant in 1695. He had three sons by 
this marriage, the first of whom, John Johnstone, gentleman, 
succeeded him at Stapleton, and had issue one son Thomas who 
died without issue in 1769. Gabriel Johnstone, gentleman, sec- 
ond son of John of Stapleton, was born in 1698. He was appointed 
Governor of the Province of North Carolina in 1734 and died in 
office in 1752. Gabriel left two children, Penelope and Frances 
Kathleen; thus no issue bearing the name of Johnstone survived 
the two elder sons of John of Stapleton. 

The third son of John of Stapleton was Gilbert Johnstone, 
gentleman, born in 1700, and it is he who is recognized as the 
founder of the American branch. Though many in this country 
have dropped the "t" from the family name, it is still retained in 
Johnston County and in Johnston's Cross Roads, in North Caro- 
lina, so named from the early settlers. Gilbert was but fifteen 
years of age, when he espoused the cause of the first Pretender, 
and fought at Sheriffmuir. After the defeat, in 1715, his family, 
for safety sent him to Ireland, where they had relatives ; and 
there in 1724 he married Caroline, the granddaughter of Sir 
George Johnstone of Armaugh. 

In 1745 Gilbert Johnstone and his eldest son (also named 
Gilbert) joined Charles Edward at Lochabar and fought at 
Preston Pans, Falkirk and Culloden. He was severely wounded 
at Culloden, and was a cripple ever after. He, together with his 
family, after the defeat of the Pretender escaped from Ireland 
and went to Cape Fear, North Carolina. In 1746 Gilbert and his 
son Gilbert were outlaws and exiles and could not appear of 
record in any colony or possession of the British crown, though 
at this very time their brother and uncle, was Governor of the 
Province of North Carolina, and it is stated that he received and 
protected them, in his fine mansion on the river four miles above 
Elizabethtown. Gilbert settled at Brompton, Bladen County, 
North Carolina, where he died in 1775. His children were Gil- 
bert, Henry, Caroline, Gabriel, Robert, William, John and Isa- 
belle. 

Of the children of Gilbert, Senior, there is this account : The 
first son Gilbert married a Miss Warburton and had a son Hugo, 



398 CAF'IN' TIMOTHY JOHNSON 

who married a Miss Barefield, and he had a son Hugo, who 
settled at IdlcwiM, (lordoii County, Georgia, (living 1794-1889). 
He had a son William C. whose son Huger W. is now living at 
the old family scat at Idlewild. John lived in Borlie County in 
1790. Gilbert 2 and his family were so uncompromising in their 
support of the cause of independence that the tories burned their 
family residence to the ground; a similar fate in later years befell 
his descendant in Georgia at the hands of Sherman's raiders. 
The second son, Henry, removed to Catawba Valley, near Char- 
lotte, North Carolina, married a Miss Catherine Knox, and he 
and his wife afterwards died there in 1773, leaving one son, 
James, and one daughter, Mary, who married Moses Scott. Gil- 
bert 2 wrote the following statement in 1790. The original manu- 
script is now in the possession of Huger W. Johnstone of Idlewild, 
Georgia: "My grandfather, John Johnstone, of Stapleton, officer 
in a Scottish Regiment in French service, married Elizabeth, her 
father Gabriel Belcher, French protestant. Their children were 
first John, who died in North Britain ; second, Gabriel, Governor 
of North Carolina; third Gilbert, my father; fourth, Samuel, 
lived in Onslow, North Carolina; fifth, Elizabeth, married Thos. 
Keenan at Armagh. My father married Caroline. Her grand- 
father was George Johnstone who lived in Armagh in 1724, chil- 
dren, Gilbert, Henry, Caroline, Gabriel, Kobert, William, Isabel. 
John, married Margaret Warburton, at North Carolina, June 2nd, 
1750, children, Hugo, Gilbert Joan, Isabel, Henry died at Ca- 
tawba County, son James was a Col. in war. Caroline married 
William Williams and had a son William. John lived in Bertie 
North Carolina. Gabriel married Janet McFarland, and had a 
son Francis, who was a Lieut, and was killed. Mother and 
Aunt Francis died at Brompton. My father came to Ireland 
after 1715. Got my lands through George Gould. Barfield tories 
burned my house to cellar. Was at Culloden with father, he was 
wounded and came to Cape Fear 1746. My father died 1775. 
(Marion, two Horrys and Francis Huger met Fulsome and Giles 
at my house. * *.) Hugo took my men with Marion 

1760. All .horsemen. Francis Huger and James were often at 
my house. John Rutherford a tory. Writ by my hand for 
Susanna Sth day March 1790" signed "Gilbert, Johnstone, 
Gentleman. 77 This paper is folded and addressed on back to 
"Susanna Johnstone by Stephen" Susanna was Hugo's wife. 

This entry has the appearance of errors in copying. Gilbert 
evidently refers to his father having been sent to Ireland after 
Ms unfortunate defeat in 1715. The item: "I got my lands 
through George Gould," explains how, though an "outlaw" 
caused by his defeat at Colloden, he was able to buy land. The 
youngest son of Gilbert 2 , viz. : John is no doubt the "Johnnie" 



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 399 

of Johnstone's Cross Roads, the great-grandfather of Cauin Tim- 
othy Johnson. 

James was the only son of Henry, and was Captain of 
a Company of North Carolina Troops at the age of twenty-two, 
and in 1780 was a Colonel on Rutherford's staff and commanded 
a regiment at the Battle of Kings Mountain. He built a fort at 
the place now called Old Fort on the road between Charlotte and 
Morgantown. James married Jean Ewart and had a large fam- 
ily. He died in 1805. His children were : Robert, who married a 
Miss Reid, and had many sons and daughters. The sons were 
James, William, Sidney, John Thomas, Rufus, Robert and five 
daughters. Jane married first John D. Graham and afterwards 
Doctor William B. McLane. Sarah married a Doctor Johnson 
of Virginia. Harriet married Wm. T. Shipp of Gaston County, 
North Carolina. Mary married W T m. Davison of Mecklenburg, 
North Carolina. Martha married Colonel J. R. Rankin of Char- 
lotte, North Carolina, a gallant Confederate soldier. James died 
young without issue, as did Henry. The second child of James 
was Margaret Ewart, who married Logan Henderson and left 
descendants now living near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Martha 
married Doctor Burton and died without issue; Jane married 
Reverend D. Williamson and died without issue; Catherine mar- 
ried Doctor John Hayden and their descendants lived near Char- 
lotte, North Carolina. The eighth and youngest child of James 
was William. He studied medicine and married Nancy, the 
daughter of General Peter Forney. He was a man of ability and 
amassed quite a fortune. He was for many years an elder in the 
Presbyterian Church and represented his district in the Senate 
of the State. He had six sons and six daughters. He was born 
in 1769 and died in 1865. His son James married Miss Todd, 
Robert married Miss Evans, William married Miss Gage, Joseph 
married Miss Hooper, Bartlett married Miss Brooks, and one son 
died young. All these sons were in the Confederate Army and 
Navy. Robert attained the rank of Brigadier General, William 
was a Colonel, James and Joseph were Captains and Bartlett 
was a midshipman. Joseph was Governor of Alabama 1890-1900. 
They were wounded twenty-one times during the war but all 
survived and still live except William. There were six daughters, 
Anne married Doctor Joseph Galloway ; Martha married Richard 
R. Hundley ; Margaret married Colonel Peter F. Hunley ; Susan, 
Catherine and Jane died unmarried. 

John of Stapleton had two other children, a son Samuel and 
a daughter Elizabeth. The fourth son of John of Stapleton, 
Samuel, was born in 1702 and in 1730 married Helen, daughter 
of Sir Alexander Scrymgeur, the hereditary bearer of the Royal 
Standard of Scotland. Samuel emigrated* to America in 1736 
and settled in Onslow County, North Carolina, where he had a 



400 CATIX TIMOTHY JOI1NSL\ 

large estate. His eldest son was Samuel Johnstone of Chowan 
County, who was a Naval officer of the Province of North Carolina 

*/ / 

at the beginning of the Revolution. He was President of every 
convention held by the people of that State from 1774 to 1789 
except two. Both he and James, son of Henry, were members of 
the convention that refused by a two-thirds vote to ratify and 
adopt the Constitution of the United States. Samuel was Treas- 
urer of North Carolina, was a member of the Continental Con- 
gress and was elected Chairman, but declined to serve, giving as 
his excuse that all his means were being used for the defense of 
North Carolina. He died in 1810 leaving several children, the 
youngest of whom was James C. Johnstone, who died at Edenton, 
North Carolina in 1865, possessed of the greatest agricultural 
estate in the United States at that time. A daughter of Samuel 
of Onslow married James Tredell, Senior, who was a Judge of 
the Supreme Court of the United States, appointed by Washing- 
ton in 1790. Their descendants live in the Carolinas and Georgia. 
The fifth child of John (of Stapleton) was Elizabeth, she mar- 
ried Thomas Keenan and w r as the mother of Michael J. Keenan 
who was a Colonel in the Continental line of the Revolutionary 
Army. Their descendants still live in the Carolinas, Georgia and 
Alabama. 

On June 3, 1892, Cauin Timothy Johnson was married to 
Miss Lina Morgan, whose great grandfather, Jesse Morgan, was 
the founder of the Morgan line in Elevation Tow T nship, Johnson 
County, whither he had come from Virginia. He was a native of 
either England or Wales, and his father's name was William 
Morgan. The Morgan family had its origin in Wales, and the 
name is one of the oldest in common use at the present day. 
Morgan means, "of the sea," or "by the sea," and was probably 
derived from the Welsh words, more can, sea-born. Of its great 
antiquity there is no doubt. 

Welsh history records many princes and kings of the name 
of Morgan, brave men who resisted Anglo-Saxon encroachment. 
To an ancient Welsh king, Morgan of Glamorgan, should be given 
the credit of the invention and adoption of the system of jury 
trial. He believed that "as Christ and his twelve Apostles were 
finally to judge the world," so human tribunals should be com- 
posed of the king and twelve wise men. To Morgan Mwynfawr 
(the courteous), son of Athrwys, and renowned as a defender of 
his country, the district of Glamorganshire owes its name, the 
name given in honor of the beloved ruler being "Gwlad-Morgan," 
out of w^hich its present form has evolved. 

Among the English nobility, both in the past and the present, 
this ancient family of Morgan has been well represented. One 
authority on heraldry describes no less than fifty-five coats-of- 
arms used by various branches of the Morgan family. 



CAUIX TIMOTHY JOHNSON 401 

For about eight generations, the Manor of Chilworth, first 
granted by Queen Elizabeth to William Morgan, prior to 1585, 
was in the hands of his descendants, The famous old manor of 
Brickendon, which once belonged to the Church of Waltham, 
came into the hands of King Henry VIII, who granted it to a 
noble family. Later it was bequeathed by Sir Thomas Clarke to 
his daughter, Jane Morgan, wife of Thomas Morgan, and thus 
passed into the Morgan family, in whose hands it remained for 
several generations. This branch of the Morgans traces back to 
Cadivor the Great, Lord of Blaencuch, ob. 1084. Through several 
generations the direct line is traced down to Morgan, lord of St. 
Clare and Tredegar, named for his maternal grandfather, Sir 
Morgan Meredith, Lord of Tredegar, and descended from Rhys, 
once a king of South Wales. Through several generations more 
it comes down to John Morgan of Tredegar, whose will was dated 
in 1613, after which date the surname Morgan remained station- 
ary as a family name, down to Sir Charles Morgan, Bart., who 
died in 1806. 

One eminent Welshman who reflected great credit on his 
family name was Bishop William Morgan, son of John Morgan 
of Carnarvon, who claimed descent from the heads of ancient 
tribes. He was educated at old Cambridge, and served faithfully 
at various vicarages. His greatest achievement was the transla- 
tion of the Bible into the Welsh language. For this service to his 
countrymen, he was "raised to the miter" bv Queen Elizabeth 
in 1595. 

The Morgans have always been distinguished for their men- 
tality and their literary tastes, the name being of frequent recur- 
rence among the matriculates and graduates of Oxford. In the 
time of Queen Elizabeth there flourished Hugh Morgan, English 
horticulturist, whose very fine garden is mentioned by Lobel and 
Gerarde, and for whom, a genus of herbaceous plants, natives of 
the tropical parts of Australia, has been named. 

There were many Morgans among our American colonists 
and pioneers. One of these was James Morgan, of Llandaff, 
Glamorgan, Wales, who came by way of Bristol, England, to 
Boston, Massachusetts, during the first half of the seventeenth 
century. He was accompanied by two brothers, one of whom, 
John by name, went to Virginia, where he settled. 

There were many families of the name of Morgan in North 
Carolina in the year 1790 when the first census was taken. One 
of these North Carolina Morgans was a Jesse Morgan, who lived 
alone, or at least, without a family of his own, in Fayette District, 
Cumberland County. In Salisbury District, Rowan County, 
there was a Nathan Morgan, head of a household of seven, and in 
Halifax District, Franklin County, was another Nathan Morgan, 
head of a household of five. 



40l' CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 

As stated before, Jesse Morgan, son of William Morgan, an 
ancestor of Lina Morgan, was an emigrant from England to 
Virginia, who later removed to North Carolina, where he settled 
in Elevation Township, in Johnston County, and married. He 
had a son, Nathan Morgan, who was born, reared, married, died 
and left a family in Elevation Township. One of Nathan Mor- 
gan's brothers removed to Alabama, w r here he founded a family, 
another removed to Kentucky. John Tyler Morgan, who was 
United States Senator from Alabama for many years, was a de- 
scendant of one of those brothers. He was a man of magnificent 
attainments. Nathan's son, John L. Morgan, represented the 
third generation of Morgans in Elevation Township, where he 
combined the callings of farmer and merchant. He married Miss 
Mary Willie Barber, whose great-grandfather, Ply Barber, had 
come, with his wife, from Roanoke, Virginia, and established 
their home in or near Elevation Township. Their son, Burwell 
Barber, had a son, James, who married Edith Avery, and they 
lived near Clayton, North Carolina, where their daughter, Mary 
W T illie, who became the wife of John L. Morgan and the mother 
of Lina Morgan, was born. 

Miss Lina Morgan, representing the fourth generation of 
Morgans to reside in Elevation Township, was born near the town 
of Benson, in 1872. She had a brother, J. D. Morgan, who later 
served as registrar of deeds in Johnston County for four years. 

After completing the course of study at the elementary 
schools of her home neighborhood, Lina entered the Turlington 
High School in Smithfield, North Carolina, where she spent some 
years, doing creditable work as a student. Soon after the com- 
pletion of her course of study at this institution, she began to 
make preparations for her marriage, at which time she was just 
twenty years of age. 

Her home w r as blessed with two fine sons, Paul Daniel John- 
son, Johnie Aulsey Johnson, and a little daughter, Pearl Vestal 
who died young. On September 28, 1904, while still in the prime 
of her womanhood, Lina Morgan Johnson, followed her little 
daughter. 

Miss Georgia Anna Denning, who became the second wife of 
Cauin Timothy Johnson, belongs to a family which has an inter- 
esting history. It seems probable that the name, Denning, had a 
French origin, for in the year 1601, "Dening," is on record as a 
family name in England, and is found there to-day in the family 
of the late Lieutenant-General Sir Lewis Denning, K.C.B.; 
D.S.O. ; L.A., one time Colonel of the Twenty-sixth Punjabs, at 
Maymyo, Burma. 

The earliest information obtainable about the Dennings in 
America is that Nicholas Denning, a resident of Gloucester, was 



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 403 

married in 1697, and in 1708 George Denning of the same place 
was married. Both of these men left families. 

In the year 1791, George and Simeon Denning, brothers, came 
from Salem, Massachusetts, to what is now Mechanic Falls, in 
the State of Maine, obtained lots favorably situated on a hill, and 
founded families which are still represented in that section. 
George married Elenel Rollins, by whom he had twelve children, 
while the children of Simeon, who married Rebecca Chickering, 
numbered eleven. Descendants of these two pioneers have taken 
a prominent part in the affairs of the town ; one of these is J. K. 
Denning, a member of the School Committee, and a Selectman. 

Under a granite monument in the Presbyterian Cemetery at 
Newville, Pennsylvania, lie the remains of "William Denning, the 
soldier-artificer of the Revolution." He resided in Chester County 
at the beginning of the Revolution, enlisted in a company, of 
which he was made Second Lieutenant, was with Washington at 
Trenton and Princeton, and of his experiences he could tell 
graphic tales. By reason of his mechanical talent, especially in 
making articles from iron, he was placed in command of a com- 
pany of artificers in Philadelphia, whose work it was to make 
bayonets, gun barrels and cannon for the American troops. It is 
said that William Denning made the only successful attempt 
to manufacture wrought iron cannon that had ever been made 
up to that time. He himself related that while making a twelve- 
pounder, he had to desist, as the heat was so great that the lead 
buttons were melted from his coat. He died at the age of ninety- 
four in 1830, and on November 6, 1890, the State of Pennsylvania 
erected a monument to his memory. James Denning, his son, 
was a soldier in the War of 1812, and died two years after his 
father. 

Another William Denning, who was a contemporary of the 
patriotic blacksmith, was born in 1740. He was a native of 
Devonshire, England, or of St. John's, Newfoundland. He was 
very young when he came to New York. At the age of twenty- 
five, he married, having already acquired a business of his own. 
His wife was Sarah Hawkshurst, daughter of his former em- 
ployer. He early espoused the cause of the Colonies, and was 
elected member of the Committee of One Hundred, whose work 
was to organize and prepare for the war with England. He was 
one of the fifteen prominent men authorized by the New York 
Provisional Congress to sign the bills which were necessary to be 
issued to the amount of one hundred twelve thousand, five hun- 
dred dollars to meet the expenses of the campaign. He enlisted 
in, and was appointed a Lieutenant of, a New York military 
organization; was a member of New York Provisional Congress 
in 1776, and later a member of the New York State Convention. 
His genius for finance was such that he was twice a member of a 



1<H CATIX TIMOTHY JOHNSON 

Commission dealing with flic accounts of the Treasury, the first 
Commission serving just prior to the taking up of this work by 
Robert Morris, and the second, after Morris had found it neces- 
sary to lay asido the work. At William Denning's beautiful 
country place of Salisbury, in Orange County, General Washing- 
ton and other prominent men were frequent visitors. Of the six- 
children of William and Sarah (Hawkshurt) Denning, two 
daughters, and a son, William, lived to maturity and married. 
Denning's second wife was Mrs. Amy Mclntosh, sister of his first 
wife, and by her he had two daughters, and a son who died at the 
age of twenty-one. 

Other Dennings have been prominent in various spheres of 
activity. One is Margaret B. Denning, the author of a delightful 
and instructive book, "Mosaics from India." Another eminent 
member of this family was William Frederick Denning, F.R.A.S., 
once President of the Liverpool Astronomical Society, who has 
written much on telescopes, planetary observations, and kindred 
subjects for scientific serials, and who is the author of an inter- 
esting and popular work, "Telescopic Work for Starlight Even- 
ings." Another Mr. Denning, an American, is an authority on 
high-class woodwork, including marquetry and fretwork, and 
its care and necessary treatment. 

Prior to Revolutionary days, the Dennings had become estab- 
lished in North Carolina; four individuals of the name, Ensign 
Denning, James Denning, Stephen Denning, and William Den- 
ning are alluded to in early State records. A member of a Den- 
ning family, w^ho had removed from England to Ireland, George 
Denning, left the latter country for America, some time during 
the eighteenth century, and became a resident of Wayne County, 
North Carolina, wJiere he married and continued to live during 
his lifetime, and where his son, Joel Denning, the great-grand- 
father of Miss Georgia Anna Denning, was born. Joel Denning 
combined his father's name with that of the father of his coun- 
try in his son's name. 

George Washington Denning married Mary Winiford 
Woodard, whose family was then represented by many branches 
in North Carolina, and whose father was Jesse Woodard, who 
had been born and reared near Goshen Swamp, in Duplin County. 
Jesse Woodard's wife, and the mother of Mary Winiford Wood- 
ard, was Ridley Ryals, whose father w^as Richard Ryals, and 
whose mother had been Miss Millie Baggett. It is known that at 
least two North Carolina Baggetts served in the Continental 
Army during the Revolution, Drew Baggett, and Drury Baggett. 

The great-grandson of Rich and Millie ( Baggett /Ryals, and 
son of George Washington Denning and Mary Winiford Wood- 
ard, David Bryant Denning by name, married Miss Ocea Anna 
Neighbors, and w^as a farmer in Johnston County, near Benson. 



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 405 

Here, on September 17, 1880, their daughter, Georgia Anna Den- 
ning was born. Her early education was received in the schools 
of her home neighborhood, and under the guidance of capable 
teachers and the loving care of devoted parents who filled the 
home life with refining and elevating influences, she reached her 
'teens. Her parents desired that their daughter's education 
should be continued at a first-class boarding school, and she was 
sent to such a school in the town of Benson, and later attended 
one in Srnithfield, North Carolina. She successfully completed 
her course of study and returned home. 

On September 6, 1905, at Benson, North Carolina, Georgia 
Anna Denning became the bride of Cauin Timothy Johnson. Be- 
sides being a kind and capable mother to her step-sons, Paul 
Daniel and Johnnie Ausley, now grown to young manhood, she 
has been blessed with five sons of her own : Cauin Timothy John- 
son, Junior, Kenneth Denning Johnson, William Russell John- 
son, David Linwood Johnson and Raymond Kendall Johnson. To 
the care and training of these splendid promising boys, Mrs. John- 
son is devoting herself, and is living an honored, useful and very 
happy life with her husband Cauin Timothy Johnson in their 
beautiful and spacious new home "Elmholm," which was com- 
pleted in the spring of 1912. 



LEWIS MINOR COLEMAN 

Ailie foot of Lookout Mountain where ilic shimmering Ten- 
nessee coils iiito picturesque Moccasin Bend, to again 
stretch its length across the States, nestles the growing 
city of Chattanooga, and on the slope of the far-famed 
mountain, upon the field of "The Battle Above the Clouds," stands 
"Kilmarnock," the home of Lewis Minor Colernan, second. 

Mr. Coleman was born May 20, 1861, at the University of 
Virginia, where his father was resident professor of Latin. He 
is an able lawyer, a man of poise; a genial, dignified gentleman, 
who is discharging his duties in the Nation's Department of Jus- 
tice, honorably and well. 

He is senior member of the law firm of Coleman and Frier- 
son, and was prominent in bringing about the reforms in the 
criminal cost svstem in Tennessee. He was chairman of the 

*/ 

Board of Excise Commissioners in Chattanooga which segregated 
and controlled the liquor traffic from 1907 to 1909. The experi- 
ence with the liquor traffic made him a total abstainer and a 
pronounced prohibitionist. 

Mr. Coleman received his elementary training in Jacquelin 
Ambler's "Clifton School," Fauquier County, Virginia. From 
thence he went to Hanover Academy in 1874. This school had 
been founded by his father, Lewis M. Coleman. Following his 
course at Hanover, he went, in 1878, to the University of Vir- 
ginia, where he received the degree of Master of Arts in 1882. He 
returned to the University in 1885 to study law under the direc- 
tion of his kinsman, Professor John B. Minor, receiving the 
Bachelor of Laws degree in June 1886 ; and in August of the same 
year he began the practice of law in Chattanooga. In the interim 
between his graduation and his law course, in company with 
Charles W. Kent now professor of English in the University 
he opened the Coleman and Kent School, later the University 
School, at Charleston, South Carolina. 

Mr. Coleman was one of the first directors of the Chatta- 
nooga public library. He is a director in the Security Bank and 
Trust Company, the Title Guaranty and Trust Company, the 
Chattanooga Abstract Company and also, in various commercial 
enterprises of high standing, such as the Frictionless Metal Com- 
pany. At college he was a member of Sigma Chi, an Eli Banana 
(ribbon fraternity), and final President of the Washington Liter- 
ary Society. By Virginia Beta Chapter, he was elected an 

[406] 



LEWIS MINOR COLEMAN 409 

honorary member of Phi Beta Kappa in 1916. In addition to 
State and national bar-membership, he is fraternally an Elk and 
a Pythian. His clubs are the Mountain City of Chattanooga, 
and the Cumberland Club of Knoxville. 

In politics, he is an active Democrat. He was a delegate to 
the Baltimore convention in 1912, and a member from Tennessee 
to notify Governor Woodrow Wilson of his nomination for the 
Presidency. He was appointed District Attorney for the Eastern 
District of Tennessee by President Wilson. 

On September 7, 1892, Mr. Coleman married Julia Wingate 
Boyd, of Portland, Maine. Mrs. Coleman is the daughter of Ma- 
jor Charles Harrod Boyd and his wife, Annette Dearborn, the 
latter a descendant of General Henry Dearborn, who was Secre- 
tary of War under Jefferson. During the Civil War, Major Boyd 
was on the staff of General Thomas, "The Kock of Chickamauga." 
Mr. and Mrs. Coleman had two sons Lewis Minor Coleman 3 , 
born July 2, 1894, and Charles Boyd Coleman, born August 30, 
1904. The younger boy is now at school. 

Lewis Minor Coleman 3 was drowned in the Tennessee Kiver 
on August 28, 1914. He was in person handsome, in bearing 
charming and lovable; a true scholar and artist, and for one of 
his years a genealogist of no mean ability. He had graduated in 
some classes at the University of Virginia and had commenced the 
study of law. 

Mr. Coleman was blessed with a mother of broad mind, inde- 
fatigable energy, wonderful economy and business ability. Left a 
widow while war still darkened the national horizon, she reared 
and educated three children, at the same time preserving undimin- 
ished her modest patrimony and the estate of her husband. She 
made a small but delightful home for her children at a Sunnv 

* ' e- 

Side," near Markham, Virginia, where each summer, friends and 
relatives gathered and enjoyed her hospitality. 

Lewis Minor Coleman, Mr. Coleman's father, born February 
3, 1827, was educated at "Concord." At the age of seventeen he 
entered the University, and two years later graduated, Master 
of Arts, in 1846. He then became assistant to his uncle Fred at 
"Concord," where he introduced many needed reforms. "Despite 
his loyalty and reverence for his old master and kinsman, he had 
seen the faults in the conduct of the school," the celebrated old 
academy having been notoriously lax in discipline as measured 
by present day academic regulations. On the other hand, a happy 
condition of "Concord" of moral and mental co-operation 
existed between boys and master which was, on the whole, satis- 
factory. "Be a man be a gentleman" was the alpha and omega 
of its curriculum. The master, a Spartan in morals, stern and 
severe, was equally loved and feared. Yet his severity consisted 
not so much in iron rules of behavior, in fact, there were none, 



410 I- KWIS MIXOR COLKMAX 

as in whimsical dictates, swli, for instance, as sending "Old Ben." 
the negro janitor, to summon the sleepy boys from bed to class- 
room on cold winter nights. The familiar cry of "Sophocles, with 
your candles, young gentlemen;" sometimes after midnight, 
would always bring the youngsters tumbling out of bed directly. 
When "Concord" was closed in 1849, Professor Lewis M. Colernan 
opened Hanover Academy near Richmond. Here he earned the 
name of "the Arnold of Virginia," and his school was a most 
celebrated one. 

He married Mary Ambler Marshall August 2, 1855, at Leeds, 
Fauquier County, Virginia. She was a daughter of James Keith 
and Claudia Hamilton Marshall (nee Burwell) and was named 
for her grandmother, the wife of Chief Justice John Marshall of 
the Supreme Court. She was a descendant, through her mother, 
Claudia Burwell, of Martha Bacon, sister of Nathaniel Bacon, 
"leader of America's first great rebellion, antedating the Revolu- 
tion by one hundred years." Robert Carter, John Page and 
Thomas Nelson were also her ancestors. 

Of this marriage there were three children: Matilda (Maud) 
Minor, who died in 1879; Claudia Burwell, who died in Chatta- 
nooga in 1914; Lewis Minor Coleman 2 . 

In 1859, Lewis Minor Coleman was elected professor of Latin 
in the University, but resigned at the opening of the Civil War 
to join the Confederate forces. "He w r ent back to his old county 
and raised the Hanover artillery, which he humorously dubbed 
'The Helltown Howling Horribles,' as many of the battery came 
from the neighborhood of that euphoniously named settlement." 

His battery was at Manassas, Battle of Seven Pines, and in 
the Seven Days' Fight around Richmond. At second Manassas, 
he contracted typhoid fever and was invalided home, thus regret- 
fully missing Lee's first invasion of Maryland. When he recov- 
ered, his command was attached to Stonewall Jackson's corps, 
and took part in the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13, 1862. 
"A few days before the battle, riding with a brother officer to- 
wards Port Royal, he said, 'If I am to fall in this war, I prefer 
to fall here, for hard by my father lies buried.' As Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the First Virginia Artillery, he was in the great artil- 
lery duel at Hamilton's Crossing, and was wounded in the leg 
by a fragment of shell, another piece of which instantly killed 
Randolph Fairfax, his pupil. As he gazed on the beautiful fea- 
tures of the young man, lying under the gun he had served so 
well, Colonel Coleman said, 'Fairfax looked more like a woman 
and acted more like a man than any soldier in the battery.' Colo- 
nel Coleman was removed to the home of his sister, Mrs. Mary O. 
Schooler, near Guinea's Station, where he died March 21, 1863." 

Research uncovers the fact that there was a Coleman in 
Virginia as early as 1640. "There is some evidence that the Cole- 



LEWIS MINOR COLEMAN 411 

maiis came from Essex, England, but absolutely trustworthy his- 
tory of the Caroline County, Virginia, Colemans begins with 
James Coleman, who married Mary Key of the Maryland family 
about 1725 (though this marriage may have occurred in Eng- 
land). He settled probably in Essex County, Virginia, whence 
the family removed to Caroline County. His children were: 
Julius, who died young there is a hill on the Concord farm 
named for him ; a son who went South ; a son who settled south 
of James River, probably in Pittsylvania ; Colonel Daniel Cole- 
man. 

"Colonel Daniel Coleman, of the Virginia troops during the 
Revolution, was a member of the Virginia Legislature. His home 
was at Concord, in Caroline County, near Guinea's Station, and 
the old house is still standing. His first wife was Mary Childs, 
and their children were: James D., born November 27, 1773; 
Thomas Burbage, born January 29, 1780; Harry and Mildred. 
There were children by a second wife." The Virginia records 
show that in May, 1779, Daniel and Julius Coleman were recom- 
mended by the county court of Caroline for commissions as First 
and Second Lieutenants, respectively, in Colonel George Madi- 
son's batallion. 

Thomas Burbage Coleman (son of Daniel) married Elizabeth 
Lindsey Coghill. He represented his county for twenty consecu- 
tive years in the Virginia Assembly and was a Jeffersonian Demo- 
crat of the straitest type. 

The children of Thomas and Elizabeth were: At well, who 
moved to Texas; Frederick W. Coleman, who was founder of the 
celebrated Concord Academy, a Master of Arts of the University 
of Virginia in 1835, known as "Old Fred;" Reverend James D. 
Coleman, who married Miss DeJarnette; Betty, who married a 
Mr. Coleman ; Thomas Burbage Coleman, born February 5, 1803 ; 
Virginia M., who married Doctor Whithead; and Judge Richard 
Coleman, who married Miss Shepard. 

Thomas Burbage Coleman, a young surveyor, on April 27, 
1826, married Mary Orrell, daughter of Robert Coleman, of the 
Woolfolk-Coleman family of Chantilly, in Hanover County, which 
for a centurv and a half has furnished distinguished teachers. 

*/ cj 

Her mother was Matilda Minor, daughter of Captain Vivian 
Minor of Revolutionary fame who married Elizabeth Dick, daugh- 
ter of "Parson" Archibald Dick. Captain Minor's company of 
minute-men was at Williamsburg, under Colonel Richard John- 
son. He was a great-uncle of Professor John B. Minor, and uncle 
of Commodore Matthew Fontaine Maury. 

"Of the union of Thomas Burbage Coleman and Mary Orrell 
Coleman came Lewis Minor Coleman 1 , born February 3, 1827, who 
was named for his maternal great-uncle, Lewis Minor; Matilda 
Minor, who married Edward Watts Morris, of Clazemont, Han- 



41- i. i:\vis .M INOI: col, K.M \\ 

over County; Doctor Robert T. ('olenian, of Richmond, who mar- 
ried Mildred Irving, a cousin of America's delight I'nl writer. 
Thomas Knrbage ('olcmnii died young and his widow married 
Doctor (ieor^e Fleming. Their children were Mary Kli/a Flem- 
ing, who niari-ied Samuel Scliooler; Sallie J., who married 
Colonel J.eKoy IJronn, Lee's ^rcat ordnance officer; Malcolm N. 
Fleming; Doctor < Jeorge W. Fleming and N'ivian Minor Fleming." 
Of such sterling stock is Lewis Minor Coleiiian, the "Friend 
of Truth and Democracy/' who believes that the best interests of 
the State and nation demand honest disinterested participation 
by every citizen in public affairs, municipal. State and national. 
His daily motto is that of the Minor family of Virginia, of whose 
blood he is justly proud : "Spero ut fidelis." 





' 



FRANK NELSON 

NO man or woman who knows even the merest outline of 
the story of the State of Virginia, will ever deny the high 
and honorable prominence of the Nelsons of Yorktown. 
The story of that house, and of the families with which 
it was and is related, would be almost, it may be said, a history 
of the Old Dominion. 

Thomas Nelson, first of the family in the State, was the son 
of Hugh Nelson, of Penrith, County Cumberland, England, and 
was born at Penrith, February 20, 1677. He emigrated to Vir- 
ginia about 1700. He was the founder of Yorktowu, York 
County, Virginia, and built, about 1715, the first brick house in 
that town. From the fact that his parents lived in the North 
of England, close to the Scottish Border, he was popularly called 
"Scotch Tom." He died at Yorktown, October 7, 1745, and his 
tombstone in the Episcopal Cemetery at that place is carved with 
a Latin inscription, and bears his coat of arms. These arms are 
identical with those of Nelson of Yorkshire in England. 

"Scotch Tom" Nelson married first, about 1710, Margaret 
Reid, and second, about 1721, Fannv Houston, the widow Tucker. 

/ / t> / 

The Nelsons of Virginia are usually divided by the public into 
two branches, these being the descendants of "Scotch Tom" Nel- 
son's sons, "President" William Nelson, and "Secretary" Thomas 
Nelson. Judge Frank Nelson's immediate line of ancestry springs 
from the older son. 

William Nelson, of Yorktown, the child of "Scotch Tom" 
Nelson and Margaret Reid, his first wife, was born in 1711, and 
died November 10, 1772. He was President of His Majesty's 
Colonial Council, and President of the Dominion of Virginia. 
Bishop Meade, in his "Old Churches and Families of Virginia," 
says that he "was called President Nelson because so often Presi- 
dent of the Council, and at one time President of the Colony." 
The Nelson House at Yorktown was built about 1740 by Presi- 
dent Nelson for his eldest son, then a baby, afterwards Governor 
Thomas Nelson, and the father caused the first brick used in the 
building to pass through the son's little hands. President Nelson 
bequeathed handsome estates to every one of his five boys. His 
portrait in three-quarter length, still holds honored place in his 
Yorktown home. 

President Nelson married, about March, 1738, Elizabeth 
Bur-well, only daughter of Nathaniel Burwell, of Gloucester 

[415] 



416 FRANK NELSON 

County, Virginia, and Elizabeth Carter, his wife. The latter was 
the second daughter of the well-known Robert, called "King," 
Carter, and his first wife, Judith Armistead. 

Thomas Nelson, the eldest son and child of President Nelson, 
was born at Yorktown, December 26, 1738. From his fourteenth 
year, he was educated in England. He was a desk-mate at Eton, 
of Charles James Fox. His portrait, taken at the age of sixteen, 
was sent home to Virginia, and copies of it now hang on the 
walls of the Richmond State Library, among Virginia Governors, 
and on the walls of Independence Hall, Philadelphia, among the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. While on his voyage 
home from England, to America, Thomas Nelson, at the remark- 
ably early age of twenty-one, w T as voted a member of the Virginia 
House of Burgesses. He was elected to that First Convention 
which assembled at Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1774, for the pur- 
pose of deliberating upon England's taxation of her colonies. 
Later, he was elected to the Provincial Convention. He received 
in 1774 his commission as Colonel of the Second Virginia In- 
fantry. In that Convention which gathered at Williamsburg in 
May, 1776, to shape Virginia's Constitution, his leadership was 
marked. He was the member chosen to offer the resolution in- 
structing the Virginia delegates in Congress, at Philadelphia, to 
propose a Declaration of Independence. He enrolled his name 
among those of the signers to the paper asserting his country's 
liberties, on July 4, 1776. In August, 1777, he was appointed 
Commander-in-Chief of the Virginia State forces. He was chosen 
Governor of Virginia in June, 1781, and Thomas Jefferson spoke 
in favor of his appointment to this office. 

"His popularity was unbounded," says the historian; "Cer- 
tainly his patriotism was," w r rites a prominent author of the 
present day. "When money was wanted to pay the troops and 
run the government, Virginia's credit was low, but the Governor 
was told that he could have plenty on his personal security, and 
he borrowed the sum needed; when regiments mutinied, and re- 
fused to march, the Governor simply drove over to Petersburg, 
raised the money on his individual credit, and paid them off." 

In the siege of Yorktown, holding the rank of Commander- 
in-Chief of the Virginia Militia, and Major-General in the Ameri- 
can Army, he led about three thousand men, raised and equipped 
at his own charge. George Washington commanded that the 
Continental gunners, when firing on the town, should take par- 
ticular care to spare all injury to the beautiful home of the 
Governor of Virginia. However, as soon as he heard of Wash- 
ington's order, Nelson caused heavy artillery to be trained on his 
house, and offered five guineas to the man w r hose gun should harm 
it, saying to Lafayette: "Spare no particle of my property so long 
as it affords comfort or shelter to the enemies of my country." 



FRANK NELSON 417 

The General Orders of Washington for October 20, 1781, (the day 
succeeding Cornwallis' surrender) give high praise to the work 
of Nelson and Nelson's militia. 

"To the Nelsons/' says the writer quoted above, "peace canie 
with poverty : the Governor's vast estate went for his public debts. 
He gave the whole of it. When a question arose in the Virginia 
Convention as to the confiscation of British claims, he stopped 
the agitation by rising in his seat and declaiming 'Others may 
do as they please ; but as for me, I am an honest man, and so help 
me God! I will pay my debts.' Years afterward, Virginia did 
tardy and partial justice to the memory of Nelson's great serv- 
ices by placing his statue among the group of her great ones in 
her beautiful Capitol Square ; and, in company with Washington, 
Jefferson, Marshall, Henry, Mason, and Lewis, he stands in 
bronze, tendering the bonds with his outstretched hands, in per- 
petuam rei memoriam." 

On July 29, 1762, Governor Nelson married Lucy Grymes. 
Her parents were Philip Grymes of Middlesex County, Virginia, 
and Mary Kandolph, his wife, daughter of Sir John Randolph of 
Wllliamsburg. "The Grymeses," says the author of "The Old 
South," "enjoyed the reputation of being the cleverest family in 
the Dominion." 

Francis Nelson, for whom Judge Nelson is named, the fourth 
son of Governor Nelson and Lucy Grymes, his wife, was born and 
lived all his days at Mont Air, Hanover County. He married 
Lucy Page, daughter of Honorable John Page of North End, 
Gloucester County, Virginia, and grand-daughter, on the maternal 
side, of Colonel William Byrd of Westover, the famous courtier, 
councillor, man of letters and founder of the City of Richmond. 

It is interesting to note, in passing, that through this mar- 
riage, Judge Nelson is related, not only on the Nelson but also 
on the Page side of the family, to Thomas Nelson Page, the gifted 
Southern author, whose w r ork has been quoted above, and who is 
at present, (1916) United States Ambassador to Italy. 

Philip Nelson, the fifth son of Francis and Lucy Page Nelson, 
born about 1811, inherited, and, like his father, spent his entire 
life at Mont Air. Though perhaps to the world's eye a quiet one, 
his life w r as rich in friends and in works of kind unselfishness. 
His memory is cherished by all who knew him, and of his days 
it may truly be said, in the words of the poet : 

"The actions of the just 
Smell sweet, and blossom in the dust." 

His wife was Jane Crease, widow of Reverend George W. 
Nelson, of Alexandria. She was the daughter of John Crease, 
the chosen superintendent of the organization of the First Na- 



418 FRANK NKI.SON 

tional Bank in Little Rock, Arkansas, and sometime Minister 
Plenipotentiary to South America. 

Judge Frank Nelson, the third child of this marriage, was 
born at Mont Air. .July 4, 1850. His boyhood, spent on his 
father's plantation, was that of the typical Eastern Virginia lad 
of gentle birth, and in that time bright with the last glories of 
a civilization shortly to pass in fire and blood. He studied at a 
private school for some years, and in 1864 entered Washington 
College (now Washington and Lee University). The death of 
Frank Nelson's father took place during the war between the 
States, but the boy returned to Washington College and ended 
his course in those fruitful days when General Robert E. Lee was 
at the institution's head. For three years after leaving Lexing- 
ton, he held an instructorship at the Episcopal High School, Alex- 
andria, Virginia. At this time he first became interested in the 
work to which he was to devote his life, the field offered by the 
study of law. He took the Summer Law Course at the University 

*/ / 

of Virginia under that Past Master, John B. Minor; examined 
before the open court for license to practice law, by Judge Fitz- 
hugh, the Judge asked him one question : 

''What is a Valid Contract?" And receiving the definition, 
the Judge said, "I perceive you sat under old John B.," and there- 
upon he signed the license. 

The Far West of the Seventies promised many golden oppor- 
tunities to Eastern and Southern youth. Frank Nelson left Vir- 

t^ 

ginia and entered the former law office of his uncle, Judge Wat- 
kins, in Little Rock, Arkansas. 

The Brooks-Baxter campaign was then raging in Arkansas; 
Frank Nelson was on armed duty in Little Rock for a great part 
of his visit West; and he presently decided upon a return to his 
own State and people. 

On January 18, 1879, accordingly, he began the practice of 
law in Rustburg, Virginia. His professional patronage, large 
from the first, has increased yearly. To-day he stands promi- 

f / t/ 

nent among the leaders of Virginia's Bar. At that Bar, as in 
private life, in every incident of his career, it may be truthfully 
said that Frank Nelson is a descendant whom even the houses of 
Byrd of Westover, Page of Gloucester, and Nelson of Yorktown, 
may well be proud to own. 

Judge Nelson is an ardent Democrat, and his interest in 
political problems has not been merely a passive one. He has 
given much and active service to his party, and his influence 
upon his fellow-citizens is, upon all public questions, always 
elevating. He has been called, at different times, to honorable 
offices by the voters of his community. For twelve years he con- 
tinued a member of the Board of Supervisors for Campbell 
County. From this position he resigned in order to accept the 



FRANK NELSON 419 

office of Judge of the County Court. There has been no more 
popular in ember of the Campbell County Supervisors, and no 
Judge in Virginia points to a record of fairer lustre. Since 11)10, 
Judge Nelson has fulfilled the duties of Campbell County's rep- 
resentative in the Virginia House of Delegates. 

In Rustburg, on December 16, 1880, Judge Nelson married 
Miss Ida Dandridge Withers. Mrs. Nelson was born January 
16, 1857. Her parents were Colonel Robert W. Withers, for many 
years Clerk of Campbell County, and his wife, Blanche Payne 
Withers. Colonel Withers is remembered as a most gallant Con- 
federate soldier, five times wounded in battle, twice almost 
fatally, who won his Colonelcy by great bravery. 

Judge and Mrs. Nelson have nine children. All of these are 
now (1916) living. Page Dandridge, their eldest son, heads the 
Rustburg Motor-car Company; Blanche W., the eldest daughter, 
is married to Doctor W. C. Rosser, who has been called Rust- 
burg's most talented physician; Frank Nelson, Junior, is chief 
draughtsman with the Norfolk and Western Railway at Roanoke, 
Virginia ; Carrie Peyton and Evelyn Byrd are their parents' com- 
panions at home; William is engaged in the study of medicine 
at the Medical College of Virginia, Richmond ; Louise Carter and 
Mary Watkius are at school in Charlottesville, Virginia, and Ida 
Withers, the youngest of the household, is a pupil in the Rust- 
burg High School. 



JOHN HARDIN MARION 

A"OX(J attorneys of note in South Carolina is .John Hani in 
Mai-inn, nf Chester, who was born in Richburg, Chester 
County, South Carolina, October 23, 1S74. 

After receiving his preliminary education in the 
public schools, he attended the University of South Carolina, 
where the degrees of A.B. and LL.B. were conferred upon him in 
June, 1893. By special act of the Legislature he was admitted 
to the Bar in 1893, being at that time only nineteen years of age, 
and his career since then has been steadily successful. He formed 
a very fortunate partnership with William A. Barber, a man 
older and already established, who at that time held the office of 

y / 

Attorney-General of South Carolina, which association continued 
for several years. 

Mr. Marion has filled many prominent positions of trust, 
among which may be mentioned that of Special Circuit Judge, 
his appointment to which office was made by the Supreme Court 
of South Carolina. For the past fifteen years he has been General 
Counsel and Director of the Carolina and Northwestern Railroad 
Company. He is a member of the American Bar Association and 
of the South Carolina Bar Association, in which latter organiza- 
tion he has held different offices. Mr. Marion was at one time 
Director of the People's Bank of Chester, and is now President 
of the Wood Concentrator Company. Naturally he is interested 
in educational matters, and has been for years a member of the 
Board of Trustees of the Chester graded schools. 

Though a Democrat, strong in his views, and of influential 
standing among the people, he has not sought public office, and, 
with but one exception, has never filled a political position. This 
was when he represented Chester County in the General Assem- 
bly from 1898 to 1900. 

The tendency of the Marions seems to have been towards the 

v 

ministry of the Gospel, but as the profession of law is built upon 
similar lines, both requiring a like mentality, while perhaps the 
latter affords even greater opportunity for efficient public service, 
it is not surprising that some members of the family should 
choose the practice of the law* for their life work. A shyster or 
a jingler of rhymes may be made, but the lawyer no less than the 
poet must be born, and John Hardin Marion is a born lawyer, 
thoroughly imbued with the dignity, the requirements, the respon- 
sibilities of his profession. He is a tireless student, keeping ever 

[420] 



JOHN HARDIN MARIOX 423 

in touch with the trend of the times. For some years he has been 

u 

keenly interested in the organized effort of the American Bar 
Association, by suggestion and advocacy of numerous very neces- 
sary judicial reforms, to improve conditions so as to make the law 
the efficacious instrumentality that it should be in promoting the 
ends of civilization. He is particularly interested in the simpli- 
fication of legal procedure and the more speedy dispatch of busi- 
ness. 

An eminent member of the Supreme Court Bench of South 
Carolina says of Mr. Marion : "He has been a student of the law 
all his mature years. He has an ample library of law books. His 
preparation is tireless and thorough. He is much of an advocate 
before judge and jury. He has good voice, pleasing countenance, 
is apt in anecdote and repartee. He is perhaps at his best before 
the jury. But before a court he is strong and helpful. His 
private library of select volumes is full, and he diligently studies 
them. He adds to the accomplishments of a lawyer the attain- 
ments of the scholar. He volunteered in the Spanish war when 
very young. His father was a Confederate veteran, and his people 
were all patriots. He is a man of quiet but determined courage. 
His word is as good as his bond, and he may be trusted in all 
the relations of life." 

Taking great interest in the cotton industry of the South, 
Mr. Marion has devoted considerable time and money to the 
development and improvement of machinery for the baling, com- 
pressing and general handling of the cotton crops. Thus he is 
endeavoring to be a help to his people in their industrial enter- 
prises, as well as in their legal troubles. 

When the United States was drawn into war with Spain as a 
result of the Cuban Kebellion, Mr. Marion made ready response 
to the call for troops, and during that stirring, though brief 
period, held the rank of Lieutenant of Company "D," First Regi- 
ment Volunteer Infantry. When peace was restored he served in 
the Militia and National Guard until 1907, when he retired as 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the First Kegiment of South Carolina In- 
fantry. 

In religion Mr. Marion holds to the creed of his fathers, and 
is a member of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church. His 
father and grandfather were both, from early manhood, ruling 
elders in this church. 

Conspicuous among the Marions of the early history of South 
Carolina is General Francis Marion of Revolutionary fame. He 
was born at Winyaw near Georgetown, South Carolina, in 1732, 
and was distinguished as a partisan leader. 

On December 31, 1902, Mr. John Hardiu Marion was mar- 
ried to Miss Mary Pagan Davidson. She also belongs to Chester 
and was born there June 28, 1873. Her parents were Colonel 



IL'I JOHN I1AKDIX MARION 

and Mrs. William Lee Davidson, her mother's maiden name hav- 
ing been Annie Irvine Pagan. Colonel William Lee Davidson 
was the son of Benjamin Wilson and Betsy Latta Davidson of 
Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He was Colonel of the 
Seventh North Carolina Infantry, C. S. A., and served with 
distinction throughout the war. He was a grandson of Major 
John Davidson, one of the signers of the Mecklenburg Declara- 
tion of Independence. Annie Irvine Davidson Avas a daughter 
of Major James Pagan, of Chester County, who attained the 
rank of Major in the Confederate service, and was long a promi- 
nent and highly respected merchant of Chester, and of Anne 
Fayssoux, whose father, Peter Fayssoux, was son of Doctor Peter 
Fayssoux of Charleston, the Continental surgeon referred to and 
quoted by McCrady in "South Carolina in the ^Revolution" (p. 
349). Pierre, or Peter, Fayssoux, the father of Anne Fayssoux 
Pagan, married Kebecca A. D. Irvine, a daughter of General 
William Irvine, of Pennsylvania, whose Revolutionary record and 
career may be found in any biographical dictionary or encyclo- 
paedia. He served on Washington's staff, and was President of 
the Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati, at his death in 1804. 

Mr. and Mrs. Marion now have a family of five children : 
John Hardin, Junior, Annie Irvine, Jane Hardin, James Taylor 
and Mary Davidson. 

Mr. Marion's earliest American ancestors came to the United 
States from Ireland in 1821, locating in Fairfield District, South 
Carolina. They were Patrick Marion, who was born near Craig- 
billy, County Antrim, Ireland, in August 1772, and his wife, Jane 
McNeely. W T ith them was their son, John Alexander, who also 
was born in Antrim County, Ireland, in 1819. 

Patrick Marion had a brother and a sister older than him- 
self. The former, William Marion, was born in 1757, in County 
Antrim, Ireland, and came to America, settling in Fairfield Dis- 
trict, South Carolina, in 1810. Nancy Marion, their sister, did 
not cross the ocean, but married a British army officer, Captain 
David Taylor, who, for twenty-five years w r as in command of an 
artillery company. 

When John Alexander, son of Patrick and Jane (McNeely) 
Marion, reached maturity, he became a planter in Chester 
County, South Carolina, and married Margaret Jane Sterling. 
They had six children, the eldest of w T horn was James Taylor, 
born July 9, 1845, who received his second name in honor of 
Captain Taylor of the British Army, before mentioned. When 
sixteen years of age he enlisted in Company D, Seventeenth 
(17th) South Carolina Infantry, C. S. A., was later transferred 
to Company B, Fourth Cavalry, and was captured at Cold Har- 
bor, Virginia, May 30, 1864. He spent thirteen months in Elrnira 
prison. After the war he engaged in merchandising at Lewisville, 



JOHN HARDIN MARION 425 

Chester County. He was a man of great energy and public spirit, 
was widely known and highly esteemed in business, social and 
church circles. He married Jane A., daughter of Peter and Re- 
becca King Hardin. She was born August 24, 1853, and died 
June 20, 1916, having outlived her husband five years. These 
were the parents of John Hardin Marion. 

One of Mr. Marion's uncles was the Reverend John Preston 
Marion, a Presbyterian minister of note, in the Carolinas. An- 
other uncle was Thomas David Marion, a physician and surgeon 
of wide reputation. He was born in Chester County, January 
18, 1854, and died in October, 1893. 

The Hardin family has been in Chester County since the 

*/ */ 

Revolution. In the Civil War it contributed a number of soldiers 
to the Confederacy. An uncle of Mr. Marion, James C. Hardin, 
was one of the early editors of the Chester "Reporter." Another, 
William Henry Hardin, was President of the Lancaster and 
Chester Railroad for years, and served several terms as Mayor 
of Chester. Both are now dead. Peter Lawrence Hardin, a third 
uncle, represented Chester County in the General Assembly and 
in the State Senate for about twenty years, and died in 1914. 
Many deserved tributes to his personality and usefulness are in 
the files of the State newspapers. Colonel William Hardin of 
Barnwell County, was a Revolutionary partisan leader, associ- 
ated with General Francis Marion in lower South Carolina. 

In Mr. Marion's children are represented some of the best 
names of South Carolina. English, French and Scotch-Irish 
blood flovv's through their veins, making a blend of fine American- 
ism. The Hardins, Pagans, Davidsons and Sterlings have made 
good local history, and are to be found in the ranks of lawyers, 
physicians, clergymen, bankers and planters. On library shelves 
in different biographical and historical books are to be found, 
here and there, pages devoted to the various meritorious deeds 
and inherent moral worth of men belonging to these families. 

The Maryon family of England originated in the ancestor 
who came at the time of the Conquest from Normandy. Until 
1800, the name was seldom found domiciled outside of a radius 
of twenty miles in Hertford, Essex and Cambridge. The name 
in the twelfth century was de Marinis and, as is often the case, 
after running through a gamut of varied etymology, it settled 
down into Marion or Maryon. The name is seldom found in 
Ireland, though in the seventeenth century a family of Maryon 
is listed in the Peerage of Ireland, and in a brief census list of 
the same period is a record of James Marion and his wife Cath- 
erine. It is not revealed in the older records, and in England it 
is by no means numerous. In France it occurs much more fre- 
quently, and there have been many distinguished men of the name 
in that country. 



426 JOHN I1ARDIN MARION 

The ancestors of John Harclin Marion came originally from 
France. They were French Huguenots seeking safety and reli- 
gious liberty after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. The 
father of Patrick Marion was born in France about 1730, and 
emigrated to Ireland some time prior to 1757. 

Disturbed by frequent invasions the Irish people had been 
unable to acquire skill in the manufacture of their wool and flax. 
About the time of the Huguenot troubles in France there was 
more quiet in Ireland, and those in authority in the latter coun- 
try offered great inducement to the French immigrants. Those 
among the French who were capable were paid by the Govern- 
ment to instruct the Irish in manufacturing. So, while French 
immigrants were coming to America, many others were landing 
on the Northern coast of Ireland. Among the Huguenots who 
came to America in the seventeenth century were Benjamin 
Marion and Louise d'Aubrev, his wife. Thev settled in South 

V / C/ 

Carolina. A grandson of this Benjamin and a son of Gabriel 
Marion was Francis Marion, the Revolutionary hero mentioned 
before. 




JOHN DAWSON BIGGS 

OVEMBER 17, 1839, four miles from Williams ton, 
North Carolina, John Dawson Biggs was born. He was 
the second son of Henry W., known as Harry Biggs, and 
his wife, Christine Gurganus Biggs, who resided on their 
plantation and were highly respected citizens in their community. 
It was an interesting coincidence that they were both born on 
the same day, April 4, 1810. Harry Biggs, the father of John 
Dawson Biggs, was the son of William and his wife, Edith Biggs, 
who lived in Martin County during the struggling days of the 
Revolution, and the father of William was Kader Biggs. 

During the two decades which preceded the Civil War, edu- 
cation was sadly neglected in Martin County, and many men and 
women, who owned slaves and a large number of acres, grew up 
without "book learning." In Mr. Biggs' case, however, his edu- 
cation was early begun. He attended the country school, the 
land upon which it was situated having been given by his father, 
and it is still known as the Biggs' School. After a few years he 
entered the Williamston Academy, four miles distant, to which 
he walked daily, and during this period he put in practice the 
same principles of application and industry which he exercised 
in after life in all that he undertook to do. He did not finish the 
course at this school on account of the pressing needs of his 
family, but entered the mercantile establishment of dishing 
Briggs Hassell where he remained until he volunteered for service 
in the Civil War. 

During the exciting days before the war, Mr. Biggs mani- 
fested great interest in affairs of state and being an ardent lover 
of his southland, he was among the very first men of his country 
to offer his services to the Confederacy. Mr. Biggs entered the 
war a private. Having never been called upon even for militia 
duty, he had absolutely no military training. He soon won 
honor and promotion, however, becoming a lieutenant ; and upon 
the death of Captain William Lanier in 1864, he was made Cap- 
tain of Company H, Sixty-first North Carolina Infantry, Cling- 
ham's Brigade. He participated in the battles around Kinston 
in 1862, in the siege of Charleston, South Carolina, battles around 
Suffolk, Virginia, the battle of Drewry's Bluff, Howlet House ou 
May 20, 1864, at Cold Harbor, where Clingham was wounded, and 
in the battles around Petersburg, including Ream's Station and 
the Crater. Just before Captain Biggs' death, Colonel Wilson 

[429] 



430 JOHN DAWSON BIGGS 

G. Lamb, an intimate friend, while attending a meeting of the 
Society of the Cincinnati, at Petersburg, visited the Crater, and 
brought a shrapnel shot from the very spot where Captain Biggs' 
regiment had distinguished itself and where his company was 
almost entirely annihilated in the assault on Fort Harrison. 
Mr. Biggs was also in the fighting around Wilmington, North 
Carolina, in 1865, and around Kinston and Bennetsville. In the 
latter battle he was wounded in the leg and sent to a hospital in 
Greensboro where he remained until after the surrender. From 
Greensboro, a distance of over a hundred and fifty miles, he 
limped all the way on his wounded leg to his home in Williams- 
ton, where he found only devastation and poverty. There, begin- 
ning life anew, many were the hardships that he suffered during 
the terrible days of Keconstruction when conditions were far 
worse than during the Avar itself. 

After the war Captain Biggs began his business life as a 
merchant with the late Dennis Simmons, the firm being known as 
John D. Biggs and Company. About this time he married Mr. 
Simmons' sister-in-law, Miss Fannie Spruill Alexander, Decem- 
ber 29, 1870. Miss Alexander was the youngest child of Joseph 
and Carolina Spruill Alexander, who were descended from An- 
thonv Alexander who settled in Tvrell County, North Carolina, 

7 t/ *_ 

previous to 1700. This gentleman was descended from Alexander, 
of the aristocracy of Scotland. 

For twentv-five years the business association with Mr. Sim- 

t/ i/ 

mons was continued, after which Captain Biggs became a member 
and manager of the Dennis Simmons Lumber Company whose 
present head is Captain T, W. Tilghnian, of Wilson, North Caro- 
lina. This organization grew to be one of the leading lumber 
firms in the South, and has been very successful since its estab- 
lishment. 

During the administration of Governor Fowl, Mr. Biggs was 
appointed a member of the Board of Directors of the Central 
Hospital at Kaleigh. He soon became chairman of the Board 
and for twenty-five years consecutively, he was reappointed, and 
at his death Governor Glenn, in compliment to his splendid 
service to the State, appointed his son, John Dawson Biggs, Jun- 
ior, to the same position. Captain Biggs had become greatly 
interested in the care of the insane, and spent much time in look- 
ing after the affairs of this institution. 

In politics Captain Biggs was a Democrat of the deepest 
dye, wielding a wide influence, and contributing freely to the 
needs of the party. He was never a candidate for office, being 
too greatly occupied with his large business interests and his 
farming operations, in which he was most singularly successful ; 
though he was interested in politics from a citizen's point of view. 

Captain Biggs' death occurred on May 22. 1905, and he died 



JOHN DAWSON BIGGS 431 

most highly respected in all parts of the State and country. Prin- 
ciple and not policy guided all his acts. He helped the deserving, 
not from hope or desire of eventual reward, but because of his 
love of his own kind, and the desire to do all the good in his 
power. He was a good judge of character and seldom was disap- 
pointed in the objects of his sympathy and concern. Stern mor- 
ality governed his every act and he was a thoroughly progressive 
man ; generous, yet wise in his generosity, liberal in his views on 
all subjects, he had the strongest faith in what he thought was 
right. 

Captain Biggs had three brothers. William was killed at the 
battle of Bull's Run, and though his body was never recovered, a 
monument was placed to his memory in the Biggs cemetery. 
Just before the war he married Sophia Jewett, daughter of Mrs. 
Martha Jewett, of New Hampshire. Eli Biggs married Martha 
Steptoe of a prominent family of Virginia. Noah Biggs, the 
youngest brother of Captain Biggs, accumulated a large fortune, 
and at his death left the second largest gift of any citizen of 
North Carolina to the Thoinasville Orphanage. Mr. Dennis Sim- 
mons, with whom Captain Biggs was associated throughout his 
career, himself left to the same orphanage the largest sum ever 
devised by any citizen of the South for orphanage work. Noah 
Biggs married Martha Lawrence, of Halifax County, and they 
have one daughter, Annie, now Mrs. James H. Pittman, who re- 
sides at Scotland Neck, North Carolina. 

Captain Biggs was particularly happy in his married life, 
and his union was blessed with five children : 

Dennis Simmons Biggs, born August 8, 1872, educated in the 
schools of Williamston and at Davis Military School in North 
Carolina. He was married on December 24, 1902, and died March 
21, 1907. At the time of his death he was President of The 
Dennis Simmons Lumber Company and of The Farmers and Mer- 
chants' Bank at Williamston. 

Martha Alexander Biggs, born December 8, 1874, educated 
at Williamston, married Asa Thomas Crawford, a grandson of 
United States Senator Asa Biggs, of Williamston. 

John Dawson Biggs, born June 3, 1878, married Lucy Speed 
Dunn, of Scotland Neck, North Carolina. This son is now Vice- 
President and Treasurer of The Dennis Simmons Lumber Com- 
pany and President of The Farmers and Merchants' Bank, and 
is also interested in other business enterprises throughout the 
State. He was educated at the schools in Williamston, at Lit- 
tleton, North Carolina, and at Wake Forest College. Though he 
does not practice his profession, he is a graduate of the Balti- 
more College of Dental Surgery. 

Harry Alexander Biggs, born January 2, 1884, educated in 
the schools at Williamston, in Raleigh, North Carolina, in Balti- 



t.">l! JOHX DAWSOX DIC(!S 

more, Maryland, and at the University of North Carolina. He is 
a stnrklioldcr of The Dennis Simmons Lumber Company, and 
is interested in finance. 

Carrie Alexander Biggs, born June 24, 1886, married Septem- 
ber Id. 1910, Samuel Ferrebee Williams, Junior. Mrs. Williams 
was ("incated at Williamston and at Meredith College, Raleigh, 
North Carolina. She has one daughter, Frances Alexander Biggs 
Williams, born November 1, 1911, who is the only grandchild of 
John Dawson Biggs. 

The Biggs family was originally from Wiltshire, England, 
and was probably an offshoot of that of Dnraug le Bigre of Nor- 
mandy who lived in the twelfth century. 

In 1584 Thomas Biggs of Stapleford, Wiltshire, England, 
entailed his estates upon John, son of John, a near relative, he 
dying without issue. Christopher was the son and heir of this 
last John. The family continued to live in the Parish of Staple- 
ford (and were buried there) until Tristram Biggs removed to 
little Langforcl. He was born in 1634 and died in 1704. The 
principal seat of the family was Stockton, near Salisbury, County 
Wiltshire. The house is an interesting specimen of the enriched 
architecture of James I, and contains a most beautiful and curi- 
ous drawing-room in the highest state of preservation. The wain- 
scot is of dark oak, in parts very richly carved, and the ceiling 
and chimney-piece are of a very elaborate character. Most of the 
other rooms in the house have been ornamented in the same styh- 
but some of them have unfortunately suffered under the hand of 
modern reform. 

This old manor may well be referred to with pride by the 
many American descendants of the Biggs of Stockton, Wiltshire, 
England. 

John Biggs came to Boston, Massachusetts, in the year 1630. 
He probably came with Winthrop, and is among the first hun- 
dred members of the church of Freemen, March 4, 1034. 

William Biggs, no doubt the son of John, settled at Wethers- 
field, Connecticut, about 1649. His grandson John Biggs moved 
to Maryland in 1741 settling on the Monocacy, about six miles 
above Frederick. He had two sons, Benjamin and William; 
the latter remained in Maryland, having a family of eight sons 
and two daughters, whose descendants are now in Virginia and 
North Carolina. In 1770 Benjamin sold his property and moved 
into Virginia. 

Thwaites in his "Early Western Travels" says : "The Biggs 
family was an important one in the annals of West Virginia. 
The father emigrated from Maryland about 1770 and settled on 
Short Creek above Wheeling. There were six sons noted as In- 
dian fighters of whom General Benjamin Biggs was the best 
known, having served in Lord Dunmoris war and also in that 



JOHN DAWSON BIGGS 433 

of the Kevolution, and acting as Brigadier General of the Ohio 
County Militia during the later Indian wars." This Benjamin 
had two sons, Zacheus and William. The former was a surveyor 
and he located mines over a large territory in Ohio. William 
lived in Martin County in 1790, and was a member of the House 
of the State Legislature of North Carolina in 1801. His father 
was Kader Biggs, and his sons were Asa and Henry W., 
known as Harry Biggs. The wife of the latter was Christine 
Gurganus, and they were the parents of John Dawson Biggs, who 
was born November 17, 1839. 

There have been numerous writers of the name of Biggs, 
probably of the same family. Caroline Ashurst Biggs was the 
author of "White and Black," a story of the Southern States. 
Doctor Herman Michael Biggs, 1859, wrote on the "Administra- 
tive Control of Tuberculosis," also other medical papers. Charles 
Lewis Biggs was author of "Hugh Latimer." James Biggs wrote 
a history of Don Francisco de Mirandes, and attempted to effect 
a revolution in South America through a series of letters written 
by a gentleman who was an officer under that General. Mr. Biggs, 
a historian, wrote "The Military History of Europe" from 1739 
to 1748. Timothy Biggs was Comptroller of Customs and Sur- 
veyor-General in North Carolina, 1679-1680. 

Through all the centuries men of the Biggs family have been 
among those who "do things," both in the old country and in 
America, and there is no doubt that the present generation will 
follow in their footsteps and be numbered among the Makers of 
America. 



JOHN MANLY FOSTER 

IT was iii 1818 that James Foster came from Columbia County, 
Georgia, to Alabama. He had acquired some eight or ten 
thousand acres of land, and his settlement was naturally 

called "Foster's." It was there, not a day's journey from 
Tuskaloosa, his present residence, that John Manly Foster, grand- 
son of the Alabama settler was born, November 5, 1860. 

Tuskaloosa, because of the glorious old oaks that shaded its 
streets, was known as the "Druid City." Situated at the head 
waters of the Black Warrior River, whose name is the English 
version of its own, it soon grew into importance. Its name was 
well chosen, for the site of the old Capitol is upon the bluff where 
once was the Council Wigwam of the Creeks and their grand old 
warrior. Alabama has retained many of the old Indian names 
beginning with the adjective "Tus" or "Tusk" Tuskegee, Tus- 
cumbia, Tuscarawas and others, but none of them falls with such 
soft cadence on the ear as does Tuskaloosa. 

Within the first decade of the eighteenth century immigra- 
tion began. Men and their sons who had already helped to build 
a nation from the colonies came, from Virginia, the Carolinas, 
Georgia, Kentucky, and Tennessee, where they first went from 
Virginia to found a new State ; men of education, refinement, and 
of cultured antecedents, it was not long until their eloquence 
was heard in the Capitol, and the State grew and flourished under 
their guidance. When the Capital was moved to Montgomery, 
naturally Tuskaloosa suffered. It was only the fact that it was 
the seat of the State University that kept it from falling into 
utter decadence. That old university was able to instil into its 
students a spirit of loyalty and pride of State and a love for 
science, sending forth from its portals some of the finest scholars 
who have adorned the nation. 

The best blood of the old colonials came to Alabama, and 
many of their posterity are still there, among them John Manly 
Foster, who comes by right to take his place among the Makers 
of America. 

Mr. Foster's education was begun in the county elementary 
schools, continued at Howard College, Marion, Alabama, and at 
the State University, he being graduated finally from the Law 
University of the State with the class of 1883. In 1886 Mr. 
Foster began the practice of law in Tuscaloosa. He removed 
temporarily to Montgomery to take the position of Assistant 

[434] 





- .--. 



JOHN MANLY FOSTER 437 

District Attorney for the Louisville and Nashville Railroad Com- 
pany, where he remained for seven years. He returned to Tuska- 
loosa early in 1916 and engaged in a general practice as senior 
member of the firm of Foster, Verner and Rice. 

He is a Director of the Merchants Bank and Trust Company, 
of Tuskaloosa. Naturally, Mr. Foster is a Democrat of the Jef- 
fersonian school. He has represented Tuskaloosa in the Legis- 
lature in the sessions of 1890-91, 1903 and 1907, resigning to take 
the position in Montgomery above mentioned. He was State Soli- 
citor of Tuskaloosa County from 1896 to 1901, and a member of 
the Constitutional Convention of 1901. 

Following his father's teaching, Mr. Foster is a member of 
the Baptist Church. He has been married twice; first on April 
19, 1893, to Kathleen Mary Clarke, born near Dernopolis, Febru- 
ary 3, 1872, and on October 12, 1898, to Mabel Radford Clarke, 
born November 24, 1870, daughters of Richard Henry Clarke and 
Mary Kate (Burke) Clarke. A son, Richard Clarke Foster, by 
his first wife, born July 12, 1895, graduated at the University of 
Alabama in June 1914, and studied law at Harvard, Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. This boy, Mr. Foster's only son, is now in the 
Field Artillery Section of the Citizens' Training Camp at Fort 
McPherson, Georgia. Kathleen Mary Foster, born April 4, 1903, 
the daughter of Mr. Foster's second marriage, studies at the high 
school at Tuskaloosa. 

John Foster, eldest son of Arthur, born January 18, 1761, 
Southampton County, Virginia, at the age of sixteen entered the 
Revolutionary Army, and was made Sergeant. While on duty on 
a small colonial boat he was captured, with his younger brother 
James, by a British war vessel, and was imprisoned on one of the 
Bermuda Islands. He had matured a plan to seize a small boat 
and escape, but before carrying it out was exchanged. He and his 
brother arrived to take part in the siege and capture of York- 
town, in which their father, Arthur, and two other sons were 
engaged. After the end of the war, he removed to Columbia 
County, Georgia. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Lovelace 
Savage, in 1785. He served six months against the Indians as 
First Lieutenant, was promoted to a Colonelcy, and was in both 
houses of the Georgia Legislature for about twenty-four years; 
part of the time being President of the Senate. He was senior 
Judge of Columbia County for many years, and died March 6, 
1821. 

James Foster, eldest son of John, born July 1, 1786, in Colum- 
bia County, Georgia, married, November 9, 1807, Ellen Hill of 
Abbeville, South Carolina, and removed to Tuskaloosa County, 
Alabama, in the fall of 1818, where he acquired large tracts of 
land, amounting to eight or ten thousand acres. He died Janu- 
ary 9, 1843. 



438 JOHN MANLY FOSTER 

John Collier Foster, eldest son of James, born in Columbia 

County, Georgia, in 1S1:|, came to Tuskaloosa County with his 

father, was a Baptist preacher, and married Georgia A., daughter 

f Joseph Pigott Maharry and Mary A. (Barren) Maharry. John 

llier Foster died July 23, 1892. 

It is claimed that the Fosters scattered through the world 
have a common origin in one Auacher, great Forester of Flanders. 
The foresters who had charge of forests in the demesnes of the 
kings, were always gentlemen or knights, and the patronymic 
evidently evolved in this case from occupation. This Flemish 
knight died in 837, and it was two centuries later, w r hen surnames 
were first beginning to be used, that Richard Forestarius brought 
the name into England in a Latinized form. As is the case with 
all surnames, the changes were many : Forester, Forestier, For- 
estarius. For several centuries it was spelled Forster, until in 
the eighteenth it settled down into its present form ; though there 
is one branch of the family in the old country that still retains 
the "r." In the old records, even in this country, it is variously 
spelled. 

Anacher's posterity for four generations were represented by 
the Baldwins. Richard was the second son of Baldwin IV; his 
older brother being Baldwin V. With his father he accompanied 
William the Conqueror, who had married his sister Matilda, into 
England, and took part in the Battle of Hastings, when, though 
a stripling of but sixteen years of age, he did valiant service and 
was created a knight upon the field of battle. History repeated 
itself seven hundred years later when a youngster of his lineage 
joined the Revolutionary heroes. The mother of Sir Richard was 
Adela, daughter of Robert, King of France. Sir Richard was the 
ancestor of all the branches of the family in England, besides 
two of the name in Ireland, and a number of descendants from 
all the lines in America. 

When Magnus, King of Norway, invaded England in 1101, 
Sir Hugo Forester fought valiantly, assisting in his defeat. Sir 
Reginald, his son, was knighted by King Stephen as a reward for 
his bravery at the Battle of the Standard in 1138. His son, Sir 

*> / 

Hugo, was appointed Chief Guard of the Royal Forests in Eng- 
land. The grandson of the last, Sir John, w T as with Richard I 
in the Crusades and earned knighthood. He was among those 
who wrested the Magna Charta from King John in 1215. 

A Reginaldus le Forester w r as in the House of Commons in 
1347. A Lord Mayor of London, in 1434, was a Foster. In the 
time of Queen Elizabeth, Sir John Foster, Warden of the Marches, 
was Governor of Bamborough castle and manor, w T here, although 
the castle belonged to the crown, Sir John had inherited vast 
grants made to his ancestors in the surrounding country. 

In the reign of James I, Claudius, grandson of Sir John, 



JOHN MANLY FOSTER 439 

received from the crown the grant of the castle and manor. It 
was this branch of the family which acquired such large posses- 
sions in Jamaica. 

General Sir Thomas Foster, who took part in the Kebellion 
of 1715, escaped from Newgate by the help of his sister Dorothy, 
and fled into France, where he died in 1738. His remains were 
brought back and interred among those of his people at Barn- 
borough church. 

In fiction is not exactly the place to look for lineage, but 
there is an exception to the rule in the novel "Dorothy Foster/ 7 
written by Sir Walter Besant, the celebrated English novelist, 
no doubt founded upon incidents in the life of the sister of the 
rebel General. He gives us items of the family which are proved 
by old records. He says : "The ancient and historical seat of the 
Fosters from time immemorial has been at Etherston, which 
being interpreted is 'the adder's stone.' An old ring of the family, 
now in possession of John Forster, Esquire, of Etherston, com- 
memorates the origin of the name, being shaped like a twisted 
viper, with tail in mouth, and set with a precious stone." 

The present parish church, Saint Aidau's, is a very fine speci- 
men of the thirteenth century, which had replaced the ancient 
Saxon structure, said to have been the first Christian edifice 
erected in England. Mrs. Sophie Foster Symes visited Kani- 
borough in 1895, and though the estate had passed from the fam- 
ily, she was received most graciously by the present occupants, 
in remembrance of her ancestors, who were held in high esteem. 
About six years before the Kebellion, Bamborough Castle and 
Manor had been sold to Nathaniel Crewe, Lord Bishop of Dur- 
ham, whose wife was aunt to the rebel General. 

From the history of the family since that date, about 1708, 
the Forsters seem to have lost or disposed of the greater part of 
their immense holdings. Mrs. Symes attended service in Saint 
Aidan's where, under the chancel and crypt are the dust of more 
than sixty of her kindred. Her description of her visit is very 
entertaining. The present owner of the property, Lord Arm- 
strong, is still renovating and restoring the church, and would no 
doubt give welcome to any Foster who should visit the old halls. 

In the churchyard is the grave of Grace Darling, over which 
is to be raised a bronze canopy to replace one of stone demolished 
in a storm. 

John Forester, of Walling Street, County Salop, held from 
Henry VIII a grant of the privilege of wearing his hat in the 
royal presence. The original grant is now in the possession of his 
remote successor, Lord Forester. 

One of the Fosters was Lord Chief Justice of England, one 
a puisne judge; sheriffs and knights of their shires they were 
found galore. 



440 JOHN MANLY FOSTER 

Colonel Jolm Foster was in command of a military expedi- 
tion under Penn and Yi'iiable in 1005 to Jamaica. Sir Thomas 
Foster perished in the earthquake there in 1002. The son of 
Colonel John Foster of Egliam, Surrey, and of Elim, the Bogue, 
Millwood, Lancaster, Waterford, the Island and other estates in 
Jamaica, resided in Elini, was born in 1001, married Elizabeth 
Smith of Barbados and died in 1731. And so the Fosters came 
down through the centuries, distinguished in war and in Council. 

Early in the seventeenth century, four sous of Allan Foster 
of England, came over to America : Jonathan, David, Ephraim, 
and Samuel. One settled in Maine, another on Long Island, one 
in Northern New Jersey, and Samuel settled in Cape May County. 
In all probability Mr. Charles L. Foster of Tuskaloosa, now de- 
ceased, was descended from Ephraim, as he went to Tuskaloosa 
from Philadelphia. One of Samuel's sons was Nathaniel, his 
sou was Nathaniel; he had a son and a grandson, both Reuben. 
This last married in 1804 at Cape May, Nancy Edmonds, who died 
in her seventy-fourth year, in 1855. Reuben, her husband, died 
in 1870 in his ninetieth year, leaving Robert Edmunds Foster, 
who was still living in 1899. 

As given in Hotten's lists, Christopher Foster, Frances, his 
wife, aged twenty-five, children: Rebecca, aged five; Nathaniel, 
aged two and James, aged one year, came to Virginia in 1635, 
before the New England contingent arrived. James, aged twenty- 
one, probably brother of Christopher, came in the same year, as 
also Richard, aged sixteen. 

In 1023, John Foster of James City was living at "Indian 
Thicket;" a John Foster, owning twenty-five acres of land and 
ten Negroes, at Barbados, and in 1035 Sylus Foster, aged twenty- 
two, and Thomas, aged twenty-seven also are mentioned. 

In 1079, the ship "Society," which was a regular transport, 
was commanded by William Foster. In the Parish Church at 
Barbados is a register of baptism of William, son of William 
Foster, in 1078. 

John Foster, in his will proven 1754, mentions son Thomas 
and wife Elizabeth. 

Robert Foster was Clerk of the Court of Exchequer and Clerk 
of the Council. 

Francis Foster proved six head-rights : William, John, Eliza- 
beth, Francis, Jeane Sweatman and a negress, Hannah, in Per- 
quimans County. Francis Foster in 1779 was one of the judges, 
and Alexius Mason Foster, a member of the House of Delegates. 

Showing the prominence of the Fosters in Colonial times, a 
few excerpts are taken from the Virginia State records. 

In 1052, George Foster had a land grant of twelve hundred 
acres. In 1050, Captain Richard Foster was Sheriff of Lower 
Norfolk. Francis Foster, probably the son or grandson of Fran- 
cis the emigrant, was one of the Judges of Perquimans in 1700 



JOHN MANLY FOSTER 441 

and 1701. William Foster, of Brunswick, in 1758, was a creditor 
of the State for supplies furnished the Militia. In 1779, Court 
was held at the house of Francis Foster, one of the judges, no 
doubt the grandson of the Judge of 1700. James Foster was a 
Trustee in 1780 for Hampden Sydney College. In 1792, Charles 
Foster was one of the Trustees to establish a town at the County 
Seat of Patrick ; the next year he was a Trustee for the work of 
opening for navigation the Mouougahela River. The lands of 
Arthur Foster and others in 1794 were ordered to be re-valued. 
These are only a few items concerning the activities of the family. 

Quite a prominent character during the Revolutionary 
period w^as Captain John Foster. He fitted out a privateer, the 
General Washington, and provided for it entirely until his death 
in 1777. Francis Brice, writing to Governor Caswell says : "The 
public have lost a warm friend to American liberty, and the priva- 
teer 'General Washington/ is left without any one to procure the 
necessary articles for the ship's use. 77 Captain John Foster was 
the Commander of the ship. He had also contributed largely 
toward the providing of munitions for South Carolina. He must 
have been a man of considerable wealth, as his estate in 1780 was 
heavily taxed by the State. There were two Fosters with per- 
sonal name John, who were settlers in Virginia in 1665, as also 
a William. 

Lieutenant Robert Foster served in the Continental line for 
three years, 1776-1779. Among the Virginia pensioners of the 
Revolution living in 1835 were Crosby Foster; Thomas of Flu- 
vanna, aged eighty ; James of Monroe, aged seventy-seven ; Larkin 
of Amelia; James of Berkeley, aged seventy-seven; James of 
Frederick, aged seventy-two; John of Monroe, aged seventy-five; 
Peter of York, Lieutenant; Joshua of South Carolina, Marion 
District, aged sixty-seven. From the various branches of the 
family in the North, the Fosters were quite as patriotic, and 
gathered together they would have perhaps formed more than a 
regiment. 

Thomas, Edmund, and Sergeant Anthony Foster are among 
the Revolutionary pensioners, of North Carolina living in 1835. 
In the Revolutionary report of troops of North Carolina are the 
names of George, Joshua, Thomas, Nathaniel and James. Thomas 
was a First Lieutenant under Pierce in 1779. 

Besides the service rendered by the Fosters in time of war, 
they were prominent in State and county in all matters pertain- 
ing to the public good. It is well sometimes to look back to the 
founders of America, and to endeavor to measure up their charac- 
ter, and to appreciate the country as they handed it down to us, 
so that not only may we take pride in being of their lineage, but 
seek to honor their memories by perpetuating their work, remem- 
bering the commandment, the only one with a promise: "Honor 
thy father and thy mother." 



STOUTEN HUBERT DENT 

THE life of Stouten Hubert Dent is not only interesting 
as a biographical narrative, but it is also inspiring in its 
lessons. As a student, teacher, lawyer, soldier, banker 
and farmer, he has brought to each successive field of 
endeavor a lively sense of duty, and a whole-hearted purpose to 
give the best of himself to the work that was at hand. 

Captain Dent was the eldest child of Doctor Stouten Warren 
and Mary Snioot Dent, and was born in Charles County, Mary- 
land, October 30, 1833. He attended the public schools of his 
home county, and supplemented the knowledge thus obtained by 
a course of study at the Charlotte Hall Academy in St. Mary's 
County. From 1852 to 1854 he taught school in Maryland. In 
the latter year Captain Dent moved to Eufaula, Alabama, where 
he has made his residence ever since. He at first taught school, 
devoting all his spare time to the study of law, as he had deter- 
mined to take up that profession. At the age of twenty-three 
he was admitted to the Bar, and began practice in Eufaula. Four 
years later, in 1860, he married Anna Beall, the daughter of 
Edward B. Young, of Eufaula, and of his wife, whose maiden 
name was Ann Fendall Beall, a descendant of the prominent and 
well-known Beall family of Georgia, originally of Maryland. 

It was to this young man, newly wedded, and newly estab- 
lished in the practice of his chosen profession, that, in 1861, the 
call of duty came. His sympathies were with his adopted State 
and he enlisted in the service of Alabama, February 9, 1861, for 
one year, as a member of the First Kegiment of Alabama Volun- 
teers. In December, 1861, he re-enlisted as First Lieutenant in 
an artillery company for three years. In 1863 he became Cap- 
tain of his battery which was thereafter known as "Dent's Bat- 
tery." It has an enviable record in the number of the engage- 
ments in which it figured and the deeds of heroism performed 
by the men who manned it, especially at Shiloh and Chicka- 
mauga. Captain Dent and his company were very proud of the 
fact that the first cannon made for the Confederacy were assigned 
to them. These consisted of six 12-pound "Napoleon Gems," made 
of bronze and cast in New Orleans. 

Though thrice wounded, at Shiloh, at Atlanta, and at Nash- 
ville, Captain Dent was never seriously incapacitated, and at the 
end of the Civil War returned to his home with his health unim- 
paired but his fortune broken. He, as stated above, enlisted 

[442] 



STOUTEN HUBERT DENT 445 

February 9, 1861, was paroled May 9, 1865, at Meridian, Missis- 
sippi, and during that whole period never lost a day from duty 
on account of wounds or serious illness, although wounded three 
times. 

His parting from his men was sad and pathetic. Forming 
them into line after delivering their paroles, he spoke as follows : 
"Men, we are about to separate. In the fortunes of war our coun- 
try has gone down in defeat, and yielding to the inevitable, our 
leaders have surrendered. It only remains for us to go to our 
homes, obey the laws, and be as good citizens as we have been true 
and gallant soldiers. The same devotion and courage you have 
shown as soldiers will bring you success in civil life. Now, wish- 
ing you abundant success, so that your old age may be spent in 
peace and content, I now give you my last command, fare you 
well, break ranks, march. " 

Upon the site of the battlefield of Chickainauga, among the 
other monuments and markers dedicated to the dead and living 
patriots of the Civil War, is one erected by the women of Ala- 
bama. During the reunion of the United Confederate Veterans 
in May 1913, this monument, when unveiled disclosed the in- 
scription : 

"In tender memory of Alabama's soldiers who 
fought and fell on Chickamauga Battlefield. 

This shaft shall point 
to those exciting scenes that blend 

with visions long since flown. 

For Memory is the only friend 

That Grief can call its own." 

Captain James Polk Smartt of Chickamauga accepted this 
tribute, and spoke for the National Committee, the Government 
and the Secretary of War, under whose jurisdiction are all such 
monuments. In connection with this sketch, it seems but meet 
and proper that the portion of Captain Sniartt's speech, in which 
he eulogizes Captain Dent and his famous battery, should be in- 
serted in its entirety. 

The speaker, being a survivor of that hard fought battle, 
and a Confederate veteran, "knew whereof he spoke," and his elo- 
quent tribute deserves to be preserved in durable form. 

"The action of Dent's battery on the southern spur of the 
west end of Snodgrass ridge during the afternoon of the 20th 
was one of the most courageous and persistent of the battles. 
Captain Dent was too modest to officially report the conspicuous 
action of his battery, but for the truth of history and a record 
of unfaltering courage for over four hours I am glad we are not 
left in doubt. General Hindman, the ranking officer on this part 
of the line; General Bushrod K. Johnson, in immediate charge 
of the line and one of the most efficient officers in the service; 



446 STOUTEN HUBERT DENT 

Colonel Fulton, in command of Johnson's brigade, and Colonel 
Snowden, commanding the Twenty-fifth Tennessee Regiment, all 
able and accomplished officers, in their official reports speak in 
most enthusiastic terms of the heroic and glorious action of the 
officers and men of this battery. 1 regret that time and space will 
not permit a record of these glowing references. I trust I may 
be permitted to express the conviction that for heroic and per- 
sistent action for over four hours by the battery and its supports 
the record is not surpassed in the battle. I do not believe the 
officers and members of this battery and its supports were superior 
to many other batteries and troops in the battle, but in the for- 
tune of war the gage of battle was offered them by the advance 
of Grangers reserve corps; they accepted it with unflinching 
courage and achieved victory and immortal renown." 

Under the terms of the surrender of his company, Captain 
Dent brought with him two horses, his personal property; these 
furnished him the means of subsistence for several months, since 
everything was under military rule, and civil procedure more or 
less disorganized. He earned his first dollar, on beginning civil 
life anew, hauling dray loads of cotton for shipment. He con- 
tinued in this line of work until it became again practicable to 
take up his work before the courts. 

From this time on, he acquired ever-increasing influence in 
Eufaula; always closely identified with progressive movements 
of a sound nature, and serving the interests of his town, county 
and State in many important directions. 

In 1880 he assumed the Presidency of the Eufaula National 
Bank, and successfully managed its affairs for twenty-one years. 
In 1901 this institution failed and Captain Dent lost the accumu- 
lation of years. He was at this time sixty-eight years of age, a 
period of life when most men would hesitate in entering new 
fields of endeavor, but aided by his children, Stouten Dent estab- 
lished himself on a farm in Eufaula, and proceeded to wrest a 
livelihood from the soil. Success attended his efforts and he is 
at present (1916) a well-to-do farmer, eighty-three years of age, 
and still able to superintend the work upon his farm. 

Captain Dent is a Democrat and has been an active worker 
in his party all his life. His cool head and his knowledge of 
procedure have caused him to be called to the chair in various 
party councils, notably at two State Conventions in 1892, and at 
the meeting of the Sound Money Democrats of Alabama, in 1896, 
when delegates from the whole State met and organized for the 
purpose of defeating the free silver movement. In 1901 he was a 
member of the Constitutional Convention which framed the pres- 
ent constitution of Alabama. In this work he followed in the 
steps of John Dent of 1776, who helped to frame the first constitu- 
tion of Maryland. 



STOUTEN HUBERT DENT 447 

Captain Dent is not in favor of the primary system of nomi- 
nating candidates for office. He thinks it contrary to the genius 
and plan of our fathers, who framed the Constitution, thus form- 
ing a representative government, not a pure democracy. 

Having been a teacher himself, Captain Dent never ceased to 
take a great interest in school problems and was for several years 
Superintendent of Education in Barbour County; he also served 
on the Board of Trustees of the Girls' Polytechnic Institute at 
Montevallo, Alabama. 

In religious affiliation Captain Dent is a Methodist, having 
been for the past forty years a steward and trustee of the M. E. 
Church South, in Eufaula, and three times a member of the Gen- 
eral Conference. An old Methodist teacher and pastor, formerly 
of Alabama, in a letter of reminiscence once said : "Brother Dent 
still lives to bless that town (Eufaula) with his labor of love. 
Few such towns as Eufaula are found and few such men as Cap- 
tain Dent bless any town in our great country." 

Enthusiasm is one of Stouten Hubert Dent's strongest char- 
acteristics, and his hearty personality makes him a welcome addi- 
tion to social gatherings. He has never missed a general reunion 
of the United Confederate Veterans since the organization was 
formed. His loyalty to the Masonic order is equally strong. 

The death of Mrs. Dent in 1902 was a great blow to her 
entire family. Her husband has never remarried, and has found 
solace in the companionship of his children who have never failed 
in their filial devotion. 

The children of Stouten Hubert Dent and Anna Beall Young, 
his wife, are six in number, all born in Eufaula, viz. : 

Edward Young Dent, born June 25, 1861, lives in Eufaula, 
and is engaged in farming and in the insurance business. 

Anna Beall Dent, born April 8, 1867, married first, Jackson 
E. Long; her second husband was Doctor William W. Mangurn. 
She is a widow with three children living in Borne, Georgia. 

Stanley Hubert Dent, born August 16, 1869, married in 
Louisville, and is living in Montgomery, Alabama. He represents 
his district in the Congress of the United States, and is elected 
for his fifth term. He is now (December 1916) Chairman of the 
Committee on Military Affairs. 

Henry Augustus Dent, born August 4, 1872, is Pay Inspector 
in the United States Navy, having entered the service in March, 
1894. He is unmarried. 

Katherine Louise Dent, born July 15, 1875, married George 
X. Hurt, and lives with her father in Eufaula. 

Caroline Dent, born September 23, 1879, married C. S. Mc- 
Dowell, Junior, and lives in Eufaula. 

In addition to his other activities, Captain Dent has been a 
welcome contributor to the press of his State as a writer of war 



448 STOUTEN" HUBERT DENT 

reminiscences. His only published book is a brief but valuable 
contribution to religious literature, relating principally to the 
history of the Methodist Church in Eufaula. In his line of read- 
ing he prefers history. The Bible and Shakespeare are the books 
which he holds highest in esteem. 

Captain Dent belongs to the best type of American citizen, 
capable but modest, cool of head, but warm of heart, ready to do 
his duty as a citizen but not a seeker for preferment, a faithful 
husband and a devoted father. 

"So is our nation made; 
Of men, whom life finds unafraid, 
Ready to do what lies at hand, 
As quick to serve as to command. 
The humble deed thus glorified, 
The prouder task thus sanctified!" 

Captain S. H. Dent is of good old English stock, transplanted 
to American soil in the seventeenth century. 

In 1515 Roger Dent was Mayor of Newcastle-On-Tyne. He 
was the founder of the line that later held the seat of Shortflatt 
Tower, and bore most elaborate arms. In 1548 he had acquired 
monastic possessions, and in 1582, he and his son William (who 
in 1562 was Mayor and Sheriff of Newcastle), conveyed the priory 
of St. Michael de Wall Knoll to trustees for the corporation of 
that town. This progenitor of the Dent family had seven sons 
and one daughter. One son, Thomas, settled in London and 
became the ancestor of the London branch of the family. Mar- 
riages of distinction added titles and in some cases wealth to 
the Dent house, and the line has continued in prominence to this 
day, with seats in Gloucester, Leicester, London, Surrey, Lincoln 
and Northumberland. The family belongs to the Landed Gentry 
and is entitled to arms. Many of the name are found in the an- 
nals of the learned professions. 

John Dent, a London banker, was a man of wealth and a 
member of Parliament from Lancaster from 1790 to 1812. He 
collected an enormous library of rare and current books and man- 

i/ 

uscripts, which was sold at auction, in London, in 1827, a year 
after his death. The Library of Congress, in Washington, con- 
tains a valuable copy of the catalogue, with the names of the pur- 
chasers of the books and the prices paid by them, inserted in old- 
fashioned hand writing. The catalogue calls the collection : "The 
splendid, curious and extensive library of the late John Dent, 
Esquire, F. R. S. and F. S. A." 

The first emigrants to America of the name were Richard 
and John Dent who settled in the Barbados in 1635, and Francis 
Dent, who in 1634 was a freeman in Lynn. 

Stouten Hubert Dent is descended from the Maryland branch 
of the family. As tradition has it, two Dent brothers who were 

> 



STOUTEN HUBERT DENT 449 

loyal to Charles I, received from his son grants of land in Mary- 
land, the new colony which had been founded in 1632, and named 
for Henrietta Maria, the queen of Charles I. It is a strange fact 
that Maryland, in which Lord Baltimore had determined to found 
an American feudal nobility, with hereditary titles and large 
estates to be known as Manors (as in early English times) ac- 
tually became the most liberal of the colonies. Old world aristoc- 
racy "could not flourish in the healthy and primitive surroundings 
of the new world. The sturdy and independent character of the 
new settlers, also, made their subjection into vassals impossible 
and among these colonists none held a higher place than the 
Dents. 

Thomas Dent was one of the first residents in what is now 
the District of Columbia. He held a grant of land, called Gis- 
borough, in 1662, on the east side of the Anacostia River, a tribu- 
tary of the Potomac called the Eastern Branch. The present 
United States Government Asylum for the insane is near the 
tract. He was a prominent citizen of St. Mary's County, Justice 
from 1661 to 1668, High Sheriff from 1664 to 1665, and a member 
of the House of Burgesses in 1667, 1674, and 1676, in which year 
he died. 

William Dent, the son of Thomas, was the owner of fifteen 
hundred and seventy-one acres of land in Prince George County. 
The tract was called "Friendship" and was surveyed in 1694. Its 
owner was a man of ability and prominent in the life of his time. 
He was one of the three members of the King's Council at Law, 
clerk of the lower house in the Assembly and the chairman of a 
"Committee for Examination and Inspection of the Body of the 
Laws of this Province;" he frequently addressed the upper house 
on bills sent from the lower branch, and was a trustee of the first 
corporate school board, organized in Maryland. He was a mem- 
ber of Rock Creek Church. 

John Dent, the brother of Thomas, was the owner of one 
hundred and fifty acres in Charles County, the tract being called 
in the survey of 1673, "Promise," and also of land in St. Mary's 
County. A spring, located on the latter tract, gained so great a 
reputation for healing virtues that, in 1698, the Assembly passed 
an act authorizing the erection of a hospital near the waters. 
Governor Francis Nicholson gave twenty-five pounds toward the 
project, this being the first contribution received. 

A brick house, still standing on the road from Bryantown to 
Newport, Maryland, was built by the Dents, of English-made 
bricks. When first erected it stood at the head of navigable 
waters, but is now five miles inland. 

The descendants of William of "Friendship" have always 
been prominent in the public affairs of Maryland. John Dent 
was a member of the Provincial Convention in 1775, and in 1776, 



450 STOUTEN HUBERT DENT 

as has been previously stated, helped frame the first constitution 
for Maryland. During the Revolution he rendered great service 
to the State in important civil positions. 

John F. Dent was much like his grandsire in character and 
Trend of thought. He was admitted to the Bar in 1837 and was a 
lawyer of standing in St. Mary's County. His public career began 
with his election to the Constitutional Convention in 1850, and 
from that time on he was a familiar and compelling figure in the 
assemblies, conventions and political conferences of his State. 
His marriage to Lillia Blackiston gave his children a distin- 
guished maternal as well as paternal ancestry. A son of this 
couple, John Marshall Dent, added new lustre to the family name 
during the Civil War, was editor of the Newnan "Herald" in 
Georgia in later years, and on his return to Maryland filled vari- 
ous positions of responsibility in his home county of St. Mary's. 

Stouten Hubert Dent is descended from two branches of the 
Dent family, since his maternal grandmother was Mary Dent, the 
sister of Theophilus Dent, and daughter of Gideon Dent, residents 
of Charles County in 1790. He is second cousin to Frederich 
Levi Dent (the grandson of Theophilus Dent) whose paternal 
ancestry reaches back to John who was living in Charles Countv 
in 1673. 

George Dent, an ancestor, was prominent in both civil and 
military circles in Charles County in the eighteenth century. He 
w^as Colonel of militia in 1748, a justice of the court in 17G9, First 
Lieutenant of the Third Maryland Battalion of the Flying Corps 
in the Revolution and represented Maryland in Congress from 
1793 to 1801. In 1801 he was appointed by President Jefferson 
to the office of United States Marshal for the Potomac District. 
His death occurred in 1812. 

According to the census of 1790 there were many families of 
the name of Dent in Charles and St. Marv's Counties in Maryland 

*/ */ 

who were more or less related through descent or bv the mar- 

9s 

riages of cousins. The paternal grandfather of Stouten Dent was 
Hatch Dent, and two of that name are listed in the 1790 census, 
one of them being a clergyman. 

Hatch Dent's name also occurs in the Revolutionary War 
records. He was an ensign in Smallwood's Regiment in 1776, 
was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in the same year, and in 
1777 attained the rank of Captain. He was captured by the 
enemy and held as prisoner at Long Island for more than a year. 

In 1797 the Frederich County School was founded and Hatch 
Dent was appointed teacher in the English department. 

One branch of the Dent family settled in Missouri. Julia 
Dent became the wife of Ulysses S. Grant. Her brother, Fred- 
erich Tracy Dent, a classmate of Grant at West Point, achieved 



STOUTEN HUBERT DENT 451 

many honors during the Civil War, and was later highly esteemed 
in the regular army service. 

The Smoot family, to which Captain Dent is related through 
his mother, who was Mary Catherine Sinoot, is one of the oldest 
in Maryland. Its founder was William, who in 1652 held a tract 
of land of four hundred acres, called "Smootly" in Charles 
County. 

A descendant of the same name was a Lieutenant in the 
Revolutionary War, and became one of the original members of 
the Society of the Cincinnati, formed in 1783. 

The men of these two families, Dent and Smoot, being leaders 
in their communities were often associates in civil activities; in 
1769, George Dent, John Dent and Edward Smoot, served together 
as justices of the court in Charles County. 

This then is the lineage of Stouten Hubert Dent, an honor 
roll of men of high character, industry and devotion to the wel- 
fare of their country, worthy progenitors of no less worthy de- 
scendants, to whom could be given no nobler title than : "Makers 
of America." 



THOMAS ALEXANDER HATHCOCK 

BORN near Albeinarle, Stanly County, North Carolina, on 
October 15, 1865, Doctor Thomas Alexander Hathcock 
received his earlier education at the Norwood High School, 
and later at Trinity College, going thence to the University 
of North Carolina. Following his studies there, he graduated 
Doctor of Medicine from the University of Maryland, April 18, 
1893. 

As is the way with some men whom circumstances have 
placed in limited spheres, Doctor Hathcock's heart and mind had 
a broader sweep than any one profession could fill in a small 
community. Hence he is influential in the political and business 
life of Norwood as well as in his own profession. 

Doctor Hathcock bears a name which was quite uncommon 
in Colonial times and in most of the States there is no trace of it. 
In the Virginia Colonial Army there was one Hathcock, but in 
North Carolina there was a small band of this family. 

f 

Unfortunately the records of North Carolina, and indeed, 
those of nearly all of the States, are imperfect. It is impossible 
to find detailed information of many of the families of the Colo- 

/ 

nial period as, in some cases, records were not kept at all, and 
some which did exist, have been destroyed, many of those of Gran- 
ville County, where Doctor Hathcock's father's people located 
having been burned. 

George Bancroft, the historian, was compelled to say that 
"So carelessly has the history of North Carolina been written that 

/ .' 

the name, merits and end of the first Governor are not known." 
While much has been done since Bancroft's day in discovering 
and presenting North Carolina history, there are events of certain 
periods, which are impracticable to record for want of authentic 
data. 

Granville County but continues the name of Granville dis- 
trict, which was a vast territory, the better part of the province 
of Carolina, granted by charter to Sir George Carteret, and six 
other English noblemen in 1663. Earl Granville, as Sir George 
afterwards became, retained his one-seventh interest, when the 
balance belonging to the others was surrendered to the Crown. 
This district ran from 35 34' south to the Virginia line on the 
North, and from the Atlantic westward with no limit. In a very 
short time there was no system whatever in its administration, 
the Earl being busied with the intrigues of home politics and his 
agents doing much as they pleased. 

[452] 



THOMAS ALEXANDER HATHCOCK 455 

The Earl did, however, induce the best immigrants to settle 
in his district, and many came from Pennsylvania, Maryland and 
Virginia. When his successor John, Lord Carteret, died in 1763, 
he was succeeded in his title of Earl Granville by his eldest son 
who showed no interest whatever in the Colony. There was talk 
of its purchase, but the Revolution came and swept away the 
claims to his broad estates. 

According to family tradition it was to this district and 
subsequently to this County, which was formed as a separate 
county in 1746 from Edgecombe that Doctor Hathcock's family 
came. In the North Carolina State Records, for 1790, there are 
in Chatham County four families of Hathcocks, three in North- 
ampton County, and one, that of Thomas, in Richmond County. 
Eight members of the family were soldiers in the North Carolina 
line at the time of the Revolution. As the list of taxpayers of 
Granville County in 1788 does not show any Hathcock, the proba- 
bilities are that Thomas Hathcock, of Richmond County, who at 
that time had two sons under sixteen, is the forbear of the Hath- 
cock branch to which the doctor belongs. Christian names are 
often repeated in families, and following reasonable deductions, 
it is possible that all these Hathcocks are descendants of Thomas 
Hathcock who was an early Virginia (Stone County) immigrant. 

In the study of names, many variants are found, and the 
American Hathcocks are doubtless of the same stock that has 
preserved the name Heathcote in England. Like others that can 
be traced to an early period in history, this name is spelled in a 
variety of ways. From the Hedcota or Hetcota of Saxon times, 
there came the Hetcot, Hethcota or Hethcote and the forms 
Heathcott, Heathcoat, Heathcote and Hathcock are doubtless 
simply the more modern variants. The name means, of course, 
the cot or house on the heath. 

The heaths in Great Britain are covered with the beautiful 
heather plant, so called from its growing on this kind of wild, 
uncultivated land. A charming sight is a field of blooming 
heather. Swaying and rippling in the breeze it has the appear- 
ance of a vast sea whose waves of purple glisten in the sunlight 
and cast abroad a delicate perfume as of rosemary. Fortunate, 
surely, was that first Heathcote who had his dwelling in such an 
enviable spot. There is a variety of this delightful plant which 
has a white blossom and which is much prized by the maidens of 
Great Britain, as there is a tradition among them that no bride 
should be without a sprig of white heather in her bridal wreath. 
In this country there is only one variety of the heather and that 
grows very sparsely in some sections of the Atlantic Coast. The 
poor people of Scotland often use the plant itself for thatching 
their houses. 

In Warwickshire, England, are some of the earliest traces of 



THOMAS ALEXANDER IIATHCOCK 

Heaihroie. two places bearing that name. In the case of three 
other places, however, one of which lies in the parish of Gresley, 
a second in that of Staplehill, and a third in that of Hartington, 
all in the County of Derby, the claim to have furnished the sur- 
name to the greater number of families is considerably stronger, 
for at an early period, mention is made of persons called Hethcote 
in the surrounding district. By the end of the fifteenth century 
the clan, which had spread throughout the Peak district, as well 
as in other parts of the county, had established itself in and about 
the town of Chesterfield. Other important branches of the family 
were centered at Normanton, Hursley, Aylestone, and other places 
in the old country. 

There are at this time in the Peerage of Great Britain two 
families of the name Heathcote. Both are descended from a 
common progenitor, Gilbert Heathcote, Esquire, who was an 
Alderman of Chesterfield. His eldest son, Gilbert, was one of the 
projectors of the Bank of England, and Alderman, representative 
in Parliament, and Lord Mayor of the city of London. Queen 
Anne conferred the honor of knighthood on him and he was cre- 
ated a baronet in 1732. He married Hester, who was a daughter 
of Christopher Kayner, Esquire. 

Samuel Heathcote, the third son of Gilbert, Alderman of 
Chesterfield, made a fortune in Dantzic and, returning to his 
native country, married Mary, second daughter of William Daw- 
sonne, Esquire, of Hackney. His son William Heathcote, Es- 
quire, was member of Parliament for Buckingham. He married 
Elizabeth, who was the only daughter of the Earl of Macclesfield, 
Lord-High-Chancellor of Great Britain. Mr. Heathcote was cre- 
ated a baronet in 1733. 

Doctor Hathcock resides in Norwood, North Carolina. He 
is a Democrat and has so won the confidence of his fellow-towns- 
men that to him have come the honorable distinction of elections 
as Mayor of Norwood, member of the City Council, and Chairman 
of the County Board of Education. His financial success and 
present standing may be gauged by the fact that he is President 
of the Stauly Oil Company, President of the River View Milling 
Company, President of the Norwood Electric and Water Com- 
pany, President of the Norwood Development Company and Presi- 
dent of the Bank of Norwood. 

Financial standing, however, is not always the best test of a 
man's character, but when, with his prominence in financial and 
business circles, he takes an interested part in the public work, 
is active in philanthropic societies and is a conscientious Chris- 
tian gentleman, then is he entitled to the respect and sincere re- 
gard of his neighbors. 

Doctor Hathcock is a member of the Methodist Church, is 
chairman of the Board of Stewards of the local Society, and 

t/ 7 



THOMAS ALEXANDER HATHCOCK 457 

Superintendent of its Sunday School. Besides being affiliated 
with the Kush Medical Club and the Stanly County and North 
Carolina Medical Society, he is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, the Masons, the Woodmen of the World, and the Junior 
Order D. O. K. K. 

Doctor Hathcock is reticent when it comes to speaking about 
himself or his work or giving advice as to how the best interests 
of the State and Nation may be promoted. He has never sought 
publicity and has had no aspirations toward authorship. His 
literary taste is of the best and he takes most pleasure in reading 
the Bible, biography and history. 

He has in his possession an old German Bible which was in 
his mother's family for years. The entries on the title page and 
elsewhere are reminders of the piety of the original owners. 

On the maternal side Doctor Hathcock is of German origin. 
His mother was Sarah Caroline Shaffner, and it is known that 
this family came from Pennsylvania. From the year 1710 to the 
organization of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, there was a 
large inflow of Germans from the Palatinate. Many of these had 
been driven from, or had voluntarily left their native country to 
escape civil oppression or religious persecution. In the first 
census of the United States taken in 1790 there are a number of 
families of Shaffners, nearly all in the southeastern section of the 
State in Lancaster, Berks and Dauphin Counties, especially. 
These German families were among the best settlers of the State. 
They went through all the troublous times of the earlier days 
and it was natural that they should have been among the first 
to espouse the cause of the Colonies in resisting the claims of 
Great Britain. 

On November 28, 1894, at Norwood, North Carolina, Doctor 
Hathcock married Miss Estelle Dunlap, daughter of George T. 
and Anna Dunlap, descendants of another early North Carolina 
family, represented in the Salisbury district of Guilford County 
and in Kockingham, Stokes, Camden, Moore and Lincoln Counties 
in 1790. Their children are: Bernard Dunlap, now student at 
Trinity College, Durham, North Carolina; James Shaffner; Jo- 
seph Weinsteine ; Mary Agnes ; Fannie Myra ; Thomas Alexander, 
Junior; Estelle and Sarah Katherine. 

The family from which Mrs. Dunlap descends is a very an- 
cient one. In the reign of Alexander III, Don Gulielnius de Dun- 
lop "sate on an inquest to settle a dispute between Don Godfredus 
de Koss and the borough of Irvine." This was in 1260. One of 
this family, Alexander Dunlop, Esquire, came to America and 
was appointed Sheriff of South Carolina in 1685. This family is 
now represented in Great Britain by Lord Dunlop. 

The name of Dunlop is of Scotch origin and means the castle 
or hill at the bend ; dun, meaning a castle, fort or hill, and lub, a 
curvature or bending of the shore, forming the word Dunlop. 



JOHN EDWARD BLAKEMORE 

TO find the origin of a given surname is oftentimes a dif- 
ficult task, for at the outset the changes which a family 
name has undergone frequently baffle the genealogical and 
etymological student. Then, it must be remembered that 
the spelling of a surname was tentative and capricious, and be- 
cause of this, names were enrolled in a manner often entirely 
unintelligible at the present day. Surnames in old records are 
sometimes spelled one way at baptism, another way at marriage, 
and a third way when the will is probated. As the pronunciation 
of names has never been fixed by rule this is, too, an occasion for 
mistakes in the registration of names, and is a source of much 
confusion to those uninitiated in such research. 

The family name to which the subject of this sketch, John 
Edward Blakemore, deceased, belongs, is a case in point. In the 
Lancaster County, Virginia, records the name is written Blake- 
more and Blackmore. On consulting Old World sources a similar 
spelling of the name is found. In the different visitations of the 
Heralds the name is recorded Blackmore, Blackemore and Blake- 
more. 

The name Blackmore belongs to a class of place-names, and 
in the consideration of place-names we are usually confronted 
with various theories advanced by those who make a careful study 
of family names and their stories. According to one authority, 
Moor is a name that explains itself, and has given a considerable 
number of surnames, as: More, Muir, Delamare and Blackmore. 
The interesting fact concerning the Blackmore family is a regu- 
lar recurrence of certain given names. In the Harleian Society 
records, the Visitation of 1620, mention is made of Thomas Black- 
more of Bishop, who married Homer, daughter of William Snow. 
In the list of the children of this marriage are Thomas, Edward, 
and John, given names which have been retained in the Black- 
more family until the present day. 

The first mention of the Blackmore name in Virginia is 
found in the Lancaster County records, the will of John Edward 
Blackemore or Blakemore, recorded May 12, 1738. Every evi- 
dence bears out the statement that the Blackmores came to Vir- 
ginia from England. That they moved into other colonies is 
proved by a careful survey of the Maryland and Pennsylvania 
archives. In a list of the number of souls, with names and ages, 
of Frederick County, Maryland (section now embraced in Mont- 

[458] 











/ 



JOHN EDWARD BLAKEMORE 461 

gomery County) August, 1776, recently compiled in a volume en- 
titled, "Maryland Records," by Doctor Gains Marcus Brumbaugh, 
is the following mention of the family in Frederick County. 
Samuel Blackmore, age 40; James Blackmore, age 12; Samuel 
Blackmore, Junior, age 5; William Blackmore, age 2; Abriller 
Blackmore, age 35; Ellenner Blackmore, age 17; Mary Black- 
more, age 16 ; Elizabeth Blackmore, age 14 ; Ann Blackmore, age 
10 ; Emma Blackmore, age 8 ; an infant 1 month ; John Heughes, 
age 34; Patrick Hennabon, age 19; Michel Lockton, age 18; 
Clear a Negro, age 35 ; Cass, age 11 ; Lidia, age 6 ; Dillila, age 4 ; 
Lettes, age 2. The above gives an estimate of Samuel Blackmore's 
household and servants. In the census taken by Samuel Black- 
more, giving the number of souls in Sugar Land Hundred, Sep- 
tember 2, 1776, the following record is given of the household of 
William Blackmore, age 31: Dawson Blackmore, age 4; Sary 
Blackmore, age 28; Sary Blackmore, age 4 months. Servants 
Halford Burch, age 48 ; James Dixon, age 30 ; Joseph Brubly, age 
26 ; Andrew Frahser, age 23 ; Jeae Bowers, age 9 ; Jean a Negro, 
age 27 ; Siss, age 10 ; Ned, age 6 months. In the Lower Potomack 
Hundred, Frederick County, Maryland, in the list of white fe- 
males appears the name of Rachel Blackmore, age 28, and Eliza- 
beth Blackmore, age 26. In the list of George Town Hundred, 
Frederick County, taken August 22, 1776, in the list of white 
males, is the name Loyd Beall Blacamore. In the Lower Poto- 
mack Hundred in the list of number of souls taken and given in 
to the Committee of Observation, is James Blackmore, age 33 ; 
Lawrence Owen Blackmore, age 8; Samuel Blackmore, age 4; 
James Blackmore, age 2. 

By consulting the Pennsylvania Archives, we learn that the 
Blackmores came up into Pennsylvania during and after the 
Revolutionary War. In the Pennsylvania Archives, Vol. XXIII, 
in the list of Rangers on the Frontiers, 1778-1783, appear the 
names of William and James Blackmore. There are also records 
of the Revolutionary services of James, Joh, Nathaniel, Samuel 
and William Blackmore. Also the service of Captain Thomas 
Blackmore, the son of John Edward Blackmore, the founder of 
the family in Virginia. The patriotic record of the Blackmore 
family is shown by the inclusion of the name in the Revolutionary 
Roster. They were true and valiant soldiers. And as soldiers 
of peace they manifested the same courage and industry. There 
is a tradition in the family that in time of war the Blackemores 
were typical "Fire-eaters" and in time of peace, home lovers and 
home builders, noted always for generosity in thought, and deed. 

John Edward Blackmore, the first of the name, on record in 
Virginia, according to a statement current in the family, married 
Ann Newsom, a granddaughter of William Newsom, the patentee, 
who owned extensive acreage along the Rappahannock River. 



4(Hf JOIIX i:i>\VARI> IJLAKEMOUK 

The Newsom or Neasom family was long resident in Surrey and 
the adjoining counties. The will of William Xewsoin, the son of 
the patentee, was dated, June 10, and proven in Surrey, Septem- 
ber 1, 1091. In his will he mentions his sons William, John, Rob- 
ert, Thomas, and daughters Elizabeth and Ann. 

John Edward Blackmore, who married Ann Newsom, lived 
on her estate and this estate remains in the Blackmore family 
to-day. The stream of water running through the Blackmore 
plantation was formerly known as Newsom's Creek. In the will 
of John Edward Blackmore, recorded May 12, 1738, there is men- 
tion of the following children: Thomas, Sarah, Hannah, Edward, 
John and Joseph. Of these children there are many distinguished 
descendants, who are widely scattered over the States. 

Thomas Blackmore, the eldest son of John Edward Black- 
more, then grown to manhood, married Ann Neville, youngest 
daughter of Captain George and Ann Burroughs Neville. George 
Neville according to tradition was the first of the name who caine 
to this country. He had been kidnapped when quite young. He 
married Ann Burras or Burroughs, an inmate of Lord Fairfax's 
family, and a relative. Among the children of George Neville 
and Ann Burroughs, were Presely Neville, who was Major and 
Aide-de-Camp to Lafayette in 1778, commissioned Brevet Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel, October 27, 1778, captured at Charleston, ex- 
changed in 1781, served to the end of the war, died December 1, 
1818; Joseph Neville, who was a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses for Hampshire County at sessions of March, 1773, May, 
1774, June, 1775, and of the convention of December, 1775. Dur- 
ing the latter part of the Revolution he was County Lieutenant 
of Hampshire and later was a Brigadier-General of Virginia 
Militia. He died March 4, 1819. 

Thomas Blackmore and Ann Neville Blackmore moved from 
Fauquier County to Clarke County, settling about two miles from 
Berryville. At this time Thomas Blackmore was known as Cap- 
tain Blackmore, having earned his title in the Revolutionary War. 
He died October 26, 1808. His children were George, John, Lucy, 
Sarah, Thomas, James, Anne and Hannah. 

The other members of John Edward Blackmore's family are 
as follows: Hannah, who married William Biscoe and moved to 
Fauquier County. John who went to the parish of Hamilton, in 
Prince William County, and Edward Blackmore. Owing to the 
imperfect records and the separation of families, by the lack of 
preservation of the family records, it is impossible to say posi- 
tively what became of the others. 

Edward Blackmore, the son of John Edward Blackmore, the 
ancestor of Mr. Blakemore of this sketch remained at the old 
homestead. He married Jemima Bristow, a relative of Major 
Bristow, of London, and that he possessed not only high social 



JOHN EDWARD BLAKEMORE 463 

position, but also great wealth, is shown clearly by an inventory 
of his property, and vast estates, which were divided among his 
heirs. His children were one son, Edward, and five daughters, 
Bridget, Hannah, Elizabeth, Sarah and Nancy. He died in Janu- 
ary, 1778. 

The original Blackmores owned immense acreage. Their 
property included lands in what is now the District of Columbia, 
Maryland and Virginia. Edward Blakemore's will, recorded 
November 15, 1819, mentions three children, William, Molly who 
married a Hutchings, and Lucinda, who married a Wayman of 
Culpeper County. 

William Blakemore's will made and recorded March 18, 1833, 
mentions five children, William, Elizabeth, Sarah, John Edward 
and Jane. He married Tomzie Chowning, daughter of William 
Chowning, keeper of public money and accounts, who lived on 
Towles Point, one mile from the Blakemore home. William 
Blakemore was born October 2, 1779, and died October 20, 1820. 
He lived and died and was buried at his ancestral home. Eliza 
married Thomas Callahan. Sallie Blakemore married Henry 
Biscoe, whose children were Lawson Biscoe of Richmond County, 
Major Henry Biscoe of Washington, Doctor John Biscoe of Little 
Rock, Arkansas, and daughter Jeter, who married a Mr. Raines 
of Richmond County, Virginia. Jane Blakemore married Thomas 
Oldham. 

John Edward Blakemore married first, Elizabeth Hudnall 
Anderson, and the children of that union were John Edward and 
Elfranyal Tomzie. He married secondly Mary Travers and had 
one son, William Seneca Blakemore. Of his third marriage to 
Elizabeth Pearson there was no issue. 

John Edward Blakemore, Senior, the son of William and 
Tomzie Chowning Blakemore, was born March 14, 1815. He 
possessed numerous slaves, living the pleasant and active life of 
a prosperous planter, on the plantation, a worthy representative 
of his family. Besides the plantation which he inherited he 
owned several other farms, but, like the majority of wealthy 
planters in the South, his estates suffered greatly from the war 
between the States. As his death occurred February 8, 1866, his 
guiding hand was sadly missed during the difficult period that 
followed the great strife and, unfortunately, his family endured 
many deprivations. This sad bereavement forced heavy respon- 
sibilities upon the shoulders of young John Edward Blakemore, 
who was only thirteen years of age at the time. The slaves were 
free, Southern money was valueless, and the means to provide an 
education for the children of the family were not forthcoming. 
It required a courage equal to that shown in the battlefield by 
the "heroes in gray," for the Blakemore family, as in the case of 



464 JOHN EDWARD BLAKEMORE 

numerous others in the South, to face the tasks of daily life 
under such conditions. 

John Edward Blakemore, the subject of this sketch, was 
born June 16, 1853. He possessed the greatest asset a child can 
have, the influence of an environment of culture and refinement. 
Although his education suffered on account of the losses sus- 
tained during the war he was the happy possessor of unusually 
fine home training, and the guidance of wise and loving relatives. 

It is interesting to note that his first efforts after reaching 
maturity were directed towards the restoration of his ancestral 
home. Possessing a talent for finance, he also engaged in several 
business enterprises. He was a successful merchant, oyster 
planter, and the owner of a private canning plant. He was also 
successful in the management of lumber industries. Among busi- 
ness men, he was noted for the indefatigable manner in which he 
managed his own plants. This was the secret of his success. 

In political circles John Edward Blakemore was a Democrat 
and his influence and sound judgment regarding political matters 
were conspicuous. Being of a retiring disposition, he never 
sought public office, though his ability to serve in this capacity 
was attested on several occasions, when sent as delegate to various 
Democratic Conventions. If he had desired political preferment, 
he could have exerted a strong influence in behalf of his party, 
for his ideals were high and his motives pure. He belonged to 
that high type of manhood, numerous in the old South, and 
known familiarly as : "the Southern Gentleman." 

Mr. Blakemore never affiliated himself with any club or so- 
ciety, though he was noted for his generosity to charitable insti- 
tutions, and was loved and respected by his community, regard- 
less of class or color. His gentle nature and the integrity of his 
life endeared him to every one. In church affiliation he was a 
member of Corrattoman Baptist Church, serving as Deacon for a 
period of thirty years. 

He married January 14, 1888, Mary Virginia Fallin, born 
October 8, 1857, the daughter of Joseph and Virginia Kice Fallin, 
of Northumberland County, Virginia. 

The children of this marriage were as follows: Virginia 
Irene, who married Doctor George H. Stewart, of Southern Mary- 
land ; John Edward ; Grover Seneca ; Wayman Fallin and Arthur 
Henley; Mary Elizabeth, who married Doctor William Chown- 
ing and lives in Florida ; Alice Katherine, who married Koland 
Ives and lives in Princess Anne County, and Fannie who lives 
at home with her mother. 

John Edward Blakemore died in 1914. His widow, who 
warmly cherishes the memory and the heroic deeds of his life, 
still lives, loved by many, at Senora, Virginia. 



JOHN EDWARD BLAKEMORE 465 

In summing up the life of John Edward Blakeniore it is 
fitting to call attention to the fact that, though he came of a line 
of soldiers, he is best remembered by those who knew him as a 
hero of peace, a man of constructive, not of destructive ability. 
The highest achievements of mankind are not exhibited on the 
battlefield, but in the quiet, faithful and intelligent discharge 
of daily duty in work beneficial to one's fellows. Hence the 
career of John Edward Blakeniore is well worthy of emulation 
by all who aspire to peaceful, honorable and useful pursuits of 
life. 



MOSES STREET JONES 

SCATTERED through the broad expanse of the American 
republic have been thousands of patriots who in national 
emergencies have stepped from the quiet routine of their 
daily lives and fought bravely for principles, have followed 
the flag in battle or supported a great leader in a vital campaign 
for the advancement of the people, and then when the crisis which 
demanded their services has passed, have modestly returned to 
the farm or the marts of trade, there to resume the productive 
labor that is just as necessary to the welfare of the land as the 
more conspicuous action to which they were temporarily called. 
Like Cincinnatus they have been content to meet the require- 
ments of a moment of stress, and with equal zeal to return to 
private citizenship with its opportunities of leadership in the 
paths of integrity and community interests. 

Among the citizens of North Carolina who have maintained 
the best traditions of that State is Moses Street Jones, veteran 
of the Civil War, a prosperous tiller of the soil. Inheriting his 
skill as an agriculturist from a father who was equally efficient 
in that occupation he has added to the family acres and, by intel- 
ligence and industry, has evolved those methods of cultivation 
that have caused the land to yield its best to his efforts. In these 

t/ 

clays when the cry "back to the soil" is echoing from one end of 
the land to the other, it is the success of such men as Mr. Jones 
that is an inspiration to those who believe that the most honor- 
able occupation in which any man can engage is that of producing 
the food that is needed to support the life of the nation. Few, 
if any, have demonstrated more convincingly than this citizen of 
the old Xorth State the wholesome contentment that is to be thus 
enjoyed. 

Besides the proud distinction of being an honored resident of 
the State in which his broad acres are located, Mr. Jones, through 
his paternal descent, may claim a share in the history of the Old 
Dominion, for his father was born in Mecklenburg County, Vir- 
ginia, where the Jones family has been prominent for many gen- 
erations, and traces its lineage back to the old world leaders who 
have taken their places in the records of the past. 

Wales has been the cradle of many a line of distinguished 
men among the English speaking peoples of the world for many 
centuries. The race was of that branch of the ancient stock of 
Britons w T ho escaped the Roman and Saxon conquests and main- 

[466] 













tf-u^-r^ 




MOSES STREET JONES 469 

tained their freedom through all the changing scenes that accom- 
panied the welding of the British nation. It was only when the 
destiny of the growing empire made Welsh independence impos- 
sible that those freedom-loving people finally surrendered to the 
inevitable, their bravery as great in defeat as it had ever been in 
victory. 

The name of Jones will ever be associated with the story of 
Wales, and the representatives of the family who have contrib- 
uted their share to the greatness of America, hold in special rever- 
ence the name of their common ancestor, the great warrior and 
crusader, Sir Hugh Johnys, whose story has been handed down 
through the centuries. Until quite modern times the people of 
that little kingdom scorned all surnames and distinguished them- 
selves by employing "ap" between the names of father and son. 
Thus Thomas ap John meant Thomas the son of John. The 
British Parliament found it desirable to establish a uniform 
practice and therefore ordered the use of surnames with the result 
that it became necessary to change the entire Welsh system. Ac- 
cordingly Thomas ap John became Thomas Johnhis, w T hich, like 
the previous form, had the effect of showing the relation of father 
and son, and in the course of time the form w T as changed to 
Thomas John, or Johnes, and then to Jones. 

The family coat-of-arms is of early origin and has been 
traced to that of Jones or Johns of Gothkenan, County of Denby, 
Wales, which years ago was quartered with that of one of the 
Welsh kings. This descended through Kichard Jones of London, 
whose sons settled in Virginia during the early days of the colony 
and took an important part in the building of that great State. 
Kichard Jones had married Lady Jeffries of the Manor of Ley, 
and had left London to settle in Devonshire, England, at the time 
of the migration to America. Cadwallader, the eldest son heir 
to the lordship and the manor, sold his inheritance to Sir Robert 
Knights, an alderman of London, by a deed, dated at Rappa- 
hannock City, 1681. By this means he severed all that bound him 
to the old country, and entered with enthusiasm and energy into 
the affairs of the western world. 

Besides the Cadwallader Jones branch of the familv, one 

t/ 7 

other and contemporary line was established among the early 
settlers of Virginia. Robert Jones of Wales, boatswain on a 
British man-of-war which made its appearance at the entrance 
to Chesapeake Bay, during a brief stay ashore, made the acquaint- 
ance of a charming Virginia lass, and the time for parting came 
all too soon. The orders for sailing had arrived, and Robert 
found that the Royal Navy no longer had its attractions, even for 
so gallant a sailor as he. With heavy heart he made his way 
aboard ship, yet with a hope that some way would be opened for 
a return to the lass o' his heart. Courage is not always confined 



470 MOSES STREET JONES 

to the battle line, which was proven iu this case, for as his ship 
swung away from its anchorage and started on its long journey 
to far-off lauds, Robert braved the condemnation of his superiors 
and the penalties of desertion, and leaped overboard. He swam 
ashore, and, returning to Norfolk, was reunited to the young 
woman of his choice. The marriage ceremony was soon per- 
formed, and Robert and his wife settled near the city, where 
they established one of Virginia's earliest homes. 

The United States census of 1790 reveals a large representa- 
tion of this Welsh family, one of the first among all the Welsh 
people to adopt a surname. All of the original States had their 
respective shares of the men of that name, but Virginia and North 
Carolina had the largest representations. Mecklenburg Count}', 
Virginia, in which the father of Moses Street Jones passed his 
childhood, has been the home of numerous members of the family 
whose services have been recognized with high honors by their 
fellow citizens. 

Richard Jones, already mentioned as the father of one of the 
earliest settlers of the State, had patented fifteen hundred acres 
in Prince George County, and his son, Major Peter Jones, in 1676 
was in command of fifty-seven men from Elizabeth City, War- 

*s *J 7 

wick, and James City Counties, part of a force that had under- 
taken the task of checking the activities of Indians on the fron- 
tier. A grandson, Captain Peter Jones, was a commander in the 
Prince George County Militia, and in the next generation Major 
Peter Jones was honored by the fact that Petersburg, Virginia, 
was named for him. The son of the second Major Peter Jones, 
Colonel John Jones, was a member of the Virginia House of Bur- 
gesses before the Revolution, representing Brunswick County, 
and in 1779-80, held membership in the Virginia Senate represent- 
ing the Counties of Brunswick, Lunenburg and Mecklenburg, and 
was elected speaker of that body. In the Revolutionary War he 
was prominent as a leader of the militia in an attack on Colonel 
Tarleton. 

The son of Colonel John Jones was one of the youngest of the 
soldiers in the Revolution, for, although he was not born until 
March 30, 1764, he joined General Green's command, and was in 
the Battle of King's Mountain on October 7, 1780, the Battle of 
Cowpens, January 17, 1781, and Guilford Court House, March 15, 
1781. Thus father and son were fighting for the same cause, help- 
ing to establish the independence of their country. 

Another incident in the early history of the Jones family in 
America which has its romantic interest is that of the adoption 
of the name by John Paul Jones, immortal naval hero of the 
Revolution. The grandson of Robert who won a bride by swim- 
ming ashore from a warship at Norfolk, was Robin Jones, who 
moved to North Carolina as agent or attorney for John Carteret, 



MOSES STREET JONES 471 

Earl of Granville, one of the Lords Proprietors. When the char- 
ters were surrendered, Lord Granville made an agreement by 
which he was to retain large rights in North Carolina, and 
through his influence, Robin, who had been educated in England, 
was appointed Attorney-General for the Crown of North Caro- 
lina. He was also a member of the Assembly in 1754-5, and was 
the author of a bill to establish the Supreme and County Courts. 
He was rated as the largest land proprietor on the Roanoke. 
His sons, Allen and Willie, were educated at Eton College under 
the charge of Lord Granville, and later acquired large estates on 
the Roanoke, where they were for many years prominent planters. 
John Paul, as a young sailor, became acquainted with them, and 
was a frequent visitor at their homes. His admiration of their 
exceptional qualities caused him to adopt their name, and thus 
he became John Paul Jones. The prediction he made at that 
time, that if he lived he would make them proud of his name, has 
been borne out by the events of history. It was through letters 
from these two brothers to Joseph Hewes, Congressman from 
North Carolina, that the young sea-fighter obtained his com- 
mission in the United States Navy. 

Allen and Willie Jones were both delegates to the various 
congresses held in North Carolina for the purpose of demanding 
the rights of the colonies, and they participated in the first con- 
gress ever held in the State, without royal authority. The two 
brothers were on a committee, which reported a resolution under 
which North Carolina was the first of the colonies to move in its 
congress for independence from British rule, and the right to 
form a constitution and laws for the colony. At that time a mili- 
tary body was organized and Allen Jones was made brigadier 
general for Halifax district, and Willie Jones was chairman of 
the committee of safety of the entire colony, which in effect 
brought him into the position of acting governor when Governor 
Martin fled. 

In the more northern colonies, the name of Jones became 
equally prominent, through the coming to American shores of 
men from Great Britain who cast their lot with the Pilgrims. 
Benjamin Jones from South Wales settled in Connecticut, about 
the middle of the seventeenth century. Up to less than one hun- 
dred years ago his descendants were located in only the States 
of Connecticut, New York and Pennsylvania, but during the past 
century they have spread into twenty-three States. The son of 
this original settler was the first to establish a home at Somers, 
Connecticut. 

The descendants of this New England family were prominent 
in the settlement of certain sections of Pennsylvania, and took 
an active part in the Revolutionary War, while at the same time 



472 MOSES STREET JONES 

i 

contributing their share to the formation and growth of the 
colony in which their domicile was first established. 

The father of Moses Street Jones was also Moses Jones, who 
spent his earliest days in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, but was 
left an orphan when very young. The mother of the elder Moses 
Jones was of the Comer family of Virginia. The family was 
highly esteemed and the young orphan did not want for friends 
who were eager to assist him when the sad bereavement left him 
to fight the battle of life without parental guidance. One of the 
kindest of these early friends was a relative named Street, in 
Person Countv, North Carolina, who furnished a home for the 

*> / / 

young man, giving him a start in life, w r hich enabled him in after 
years to turn over to his son a farming property as the foundation 
for a rural establishment which has become a model in the com- 
munity. 

Appreciation of the kindness of the man who had befriended 
him caused the elder Jones to name his son Moses Street. The 
latter, born March 2, 1834, at Woodsdale, received a thorough 
public school education, which prepared him to take his place in 
Person County, w r here he has since devoted his attention to the 
care of his property and the building of a substantial home. 

When war was declared between the States Moses Street 
Jones entered the ranks with the other patriots who fought for 
the "lost cause," and gave the best of his vigorous manhood for 
the upholding of the Confederacy. He was a soldier in Com- 
pany K of the 12th North Carolina Regiment, under General 
Early. 

mf 

At the close of the struggle, Mr. Jones returned to the old 
home to meet the new problems and the trying experience of the 
war's aftermath. Few of those who resumed their accustomed 
occupations in North Carolina failed to meet with adverse con- 
ditions, but Mr. Jones was young, and the difficulties soon began 
to loom less darkly. Energy and optimism were his most potent 
inheritance, and the results, long since shown in his material 
advancement, furnish a tribute to his native ability. 

He was past forty years old when, in 1880, he decided to 
share his home with one who would add to it its brightness, and 
Miss Bettie King, a neighbor in Person County, was his choice. 
She was eight years his junior, and among their host of friends, 
far and near, the match was regarded as an ideal one. Her death 
a few T years later brought profound sorrow into his life. 

Mr. Jones was married a second time, in 1894, to Addle 
Jones, of Brunswick County, Virginia, and after her death, to 
Ida Jones, w r hose parents w y ere Benjamin and Rebecca Jones. 
The death of his third wife has served to intensify the great at- 
tachment that exists between this still vigorous veteran of one 
of the world's greatest wars, and his daughter, Addie Garnett, 



MOSES STREET JONES 473 

who became the wife of Claude Tip Hall after completing her 
education at Meredith College, Raleigh, North Carolina. 

Miss Bettie King was descended from an ancient and honor- 
able family. The Kings were among the most prominent of the 
early settlers of America and were represented in all the original 
colonies. The family is found in early English history and was 
entitled to bear arms. The surname King appears in English 
records as early as the twelfth century. In the "Catalogue of 
Ancient Deeds/ 7 published by the British Government in 1695, 
there were records of many deeds in the twelfth and thirteenth 
centuries in which Kings were grantors or grantees. The name 
has been spelled Kynge, Kyng, Kinge and King. Burke in his ex- 
haustive research in heraldry, has found records of thirty-eight 
King and fifteen Kinge coats-of-arms, although many of the fami- 
lies bearing them are related. The name appears in old records 
in Devonshire, London and the counties of Northampton, Dorset, 
Sussex, Cornwall, Suffolk and Essex. Sir John King of Hunting- 
donshire was given by Queen Elizabeth in 1559 the lease of the 
Abbey Boyle, as a reward for military services. The family has 
produced statesmen, soldiers, admirals, Arctic travelers, scien- 
tists, authors, dramatists, composers and bishops. Many are re- 
corded on the rolls of the Revolution in this country, including 
several members of the Cumberland County troops who were de- 
scended from early settlers in Maryland. The word "king" has 
always been applied in English history to chiefs of tribes or clans. 
One tradition which has almost the force of verified historic fact 
is that the early family sprang from a line of West Saxon kings. 
In any event it is certain that they have been leaders of men for 
many centuries. 

Mr. Jones' mother was Joanna Boltin Springfield, a descend- 
ant of an old world family which took its name from one of the 
ancient communities of Great Britain. 

Moses Street Jones throughout his life of constant advance- 
ment in productive work has not neglected those interests which 
bring men into contact with their fellow citizens in such a way 
that their personal influence may be exerted with marked effect. 
While he has not held public office, he belongs to the Democratic 
party. As a member of the Missionary Baptist Church he has 
been devoted to the advancement of its interests. 



GEORGE WILLIS PACK 

THE life of George Willis Pack, financier, philanthropist, 
scholar, gentleman, illustrates the personification of 
Saint John's conception of the true Christian as expressed 
in his terse definition : "We shall know that we have 
passed from death unto life because we love the brethren." And 
as George Willis Pack had kindness and sympathy for every one, 
the great lesson of his life is the gracious fruitfulness of unselfish 
striving for impersonal aims ; for seldom has any one been more 
universallv beloved bv his fellow townsmen and intimate asso- 

*/ is 

ciates. 

Endowed with an unusually generous disposition, he was 
always willing to work for civic progress and his residence in his 
adopted home, Asheville, North Carolina, was a blessing and a 
benediction. When his active career came to a close in South- 
ampton, New York, August 31, 1906, the citizens of Asheville 
were among the many loving friends who mourned the passiv_ 
of a great spirit. While the last sad rites were being observed in 
Cleveland, a public memorial service was conducted in the Ashe- 
ville Court House as an expression of the esteem in which he was 
held and of the grief of his fellow townsmen ; bells were tolled, all 
business suspended and street cars stopped for several minutes. 

It was fitting that the citizens of Asheville should pay every 
mark of respect to George Willis Pack, the friend who had lived 
among them and had dispensed so generously the fortune which, 
by wisdom and energy, he had acquired. He had moved in 1882 
from Cleveland, Ohio, to Asheville, and in a wise and liberal way 
had contributed to the civic, social, and intellectual life of the 
city. His numerous gifts to his adopted city are significant of 
this broad-visioned, generous-hearted man. 

He perceived the need of a new Court House, and gave Bun- 
combe County an ample and suitable lot on condition that the 
old site be left for the recreations of the public. He was instru- 
mental in contributing nearly all the funds in the erection of a 
monument to that distinguished and beloved son of the Old North 
State, Zebulon B. Vance, Confederate General and Senator. He 
gave to the Asheville Free Library a commodious building, and 
by his wise foresight, the offices in the upper stories furnished a 
fund for the maintenance of the building and for the purchase 
each year of new books. He donated two small public parks to 

[474] 




c 






'7 
y 




GEORGE WILLIS PACK 477 

the city, choosing especially sheltered sites suitable for the many 
invalid visitors. 

Profoundly in sympathy with the ambitions of youth, he fur- 
nished the means for the education of many worthy boys. So 
modest was he that although ten years have passed since his 
soul "drifted out into the Great Beyond" his nearest relatives 
are constantly learning of unsuspected beautiful deeds of his 
loving service to humanity. His fame is secure, for it rests on 
the foundation laid by Him who went about doing good. 

It is interesting to study the inherited potentialities of a 
great and good man, and in George Willis Pack the working of 
the law of heredity is well illustrated. He came of a long line of 
virile, sturdy, courageous and industrious men in whom were 
bred a mighty resourcefulness and self-reliance. Genealogists 
give the family of Pack as being originally of the County of 
Northampton. 

Various branches of the family attained to considerable 
honor in England and Ireland, where one branch is found both 
in the civil and military service; but not one of them ever ren- 
dered greater service than did those of the name who cast their 
lots in the New World, and have for two hundred and fifty years 
being doing their full share toward the making of a mighty 
nation. 

George Pack, Senior, the progenitor of the family to which 
the subject of this sketch belongs, came to New Jersey a few 
years after Charles II had wrested that region from the Dutch. 
He was one of the founders of Elizabethtown, New Jersey. His 
great-grandson George Pack married Philotte Greene, cousin of 
Major-General Nathaniel Greene of the Revolutionary War, and 
this latter George Pack was the grandfather of George Willis 
Pack. All of the other immigrants of the name were residents 
of the colonies of Massachusetts, Plymouth or Rhode Island, who 
came in several companies, between 1621 and 1663. Of these 
emigrant ancestors were Samuel Gorton and John Greene, who 
were among the actual founders of Rhode Island, Reverend John 
Lathrop, the historic minister of the Plymouth Colony, and the 
progenitors of the oldest Allen, Anthony, Potter, Russell and 
Slocum families in America. 

George Pack, the father of George Willis Pack, married 
Maria Lathrop, a lineal descendant of the Reverend John Lathrop 
above mentioned and a daughter of Abram Lathrop, who came 
from Connecticut and settled near Chittenango, New York, when 
that district was almost a wilderness. Of this union there were 
fourteen children, George Willis Pack being the eldest son. He 
was born in the township of Fenner, Madison County, New York, 
June 6, 1831. 

He received a common school education at Peterboro, New 



478 GEORGE WILLIS PACK 

York. He caine under the tuition of < Jen-el t Smith in the Pres- 
byterian Sunday School at this place, and this strong, noble char- 
acter, made a powerful and lasting impression upon his youthful 
mind. At the age of seventeen he, with his father, removed to 
Sa i lilac County, Michigan. His father, George Pack, was one of 
those resolute men who braved the dangers and endured the hard- 
ships of clearing up the wilderness and making it blossom into 
1'ertile fields. He was a pioneer lumberman, too, operating saw 
mills and inventing machinery. It was no easy task to penetrate 
the unbroken forests of Michigan, but it was the task attempted 
by George Pack in 1848. As George Willis Pack was the eldest 
son of this large family, upon him devolved the duty of assisting 
in the making of the new home in the wilderness of heavily-tim- 
bered laud. As soon as he attained his majority he spent several 
years exploring the forest region near his home. As these forests 
belonged mostly to the Federal and State governments, he 
located and purchased land for many people. In this work, 
which involved long stays in the heart of the woods, he gained 
valuable knowledge of forestry, and laid broad foundations for 
his life work. 

In 1854 Mr. Pack launched out for himself in a small wav, 

C- ' 

in the lumber business. As a successful lumberman, he was later 
a member of the firm of Carrington, Pack and Co., which existed 
at Sand Beach, Michigan, for nine years; of Pack, Jenks and 
Company, which existed at Rock Falls, Michigan, for eleven 
years; of Woods and Company, which existed at Port Crescent. 
Michigan, for eight years; of Albert Pack and Company, which 
existed at Alpena, Michigan, for ten years ; and of Woods, Perry 
and Company, which existed at Cleveland, Ohio, for twenty-three 
years. He was also President of Pack, Woods and Company, of 
Michigan, first a firm and afterwards a corporation; and senior 
partner of Pack, Gray and Company, which firm existed over 
thirty years. In all of his long business experiences he was the. 
leading factor among his associates. 

In political life Mr. Pack adhered to the Republican party. 
His religious affiliations were with the Presbyterian Church. 

He was a member of the Union Club and the Country Club 
of Cleveland, of the Asheville Club, and the Swannanoa Hunt 
Club, of Asheville. 

He was married on June 28, 1854, at Detroit, Michigan, to 
Frances Brewster Farman, born March 20, 1836, at Sackett's 
Harbor, Jeft'erson County, New York, daughter of Samuel Ward 
Farman and Harriet Pack. Of this marriage there are three 
children : 

Charles Lathrop Pack of Lakewood, New Jersey, President 
of the National Conservation Congress, 1913. He married Alice 
G. Hatch and their children are: Randolph Greene Pack, who 



GEORGE WILLIS PACK 479 

married Georgia Fuller; Arthur Newton Pack, aucl Beulah 
Frances Pack. 

Mary Pack, who married Amos Bush McNairy. Children, 
Gladys McNairy, who married Philip Trumbull White, and Eliza- 
beth McNairy, who married Frank Adair Monroe, Junior. 

Beulah Brewster Pack, who married Philip Ashton Kollins. 

In literary matters Mr. Pack's taste ran to French and Eng- 
lish classics. He traveled abroad extensively and was a man of 
wide cultivation. His greatest pleasure was classic music. In 
his later years while spending the winters in New York he rarely 
missed a symphony concert. He was intensely interested in re- 
foresting the lands. His son, Charles L. Pack, Forester, is con- 
tinuing the work laid out by the far-seeing father. 

No one can look at the portrait of George W. Pack without 
being impressed with both the strength and goodness of the face. 
Along with the power written upon it, and even overshadowing 
the expression of power is the benevolence which is apparent in 
every line. In his life he bore out the promise of his features, 
and no man of his generation labored more faithfully to be a 
good and useful citizen. He was rated as one of America's suc- 
cessful men, and this was true in every sense, for successful in 
business he was yet more successful in those things out of which 
alone can be built the foundation upon which this nation must 
rest if it is to endure. 

Some one in writing of Mr. Pack made the statement that 
notable as were his achievements in business he was yet more 
notable for what he was in the personal sense. This is a true 
summing up of the character of a man who lived worthily and 
well. 



MILES ALEXANDER MALONE 

WITH the Presbyterian families arriving in the Carolinas 
from the North of Ireland there came C. J. Malone and 
his Irish wife, who landed at Charleston in 1768 or 1770, 
and settled on Fair Forest Creek, a branch of the Tyger, 
in Union County. Twenty years later their sons Jeremiah and 
Daniel were themselves the heads of families, the former with his 
wife and four minor sons residing in Salisbury District, in the 
area then embraced within the boundaries of Rowan County. 
Daniel, with three minor sons in a family of seven, was living in 
the Ninety-six District of Union County, South Carolina. Their 
third son was Jonas and it is among his descendants that the 
subject of this sketch is found. Jonas Malone married Lucy 
Dumas, daughter of a numerous Huguenot family who were large 
slave holders and among the most extensive planters of the 
Carolinas at the end of the eighteenth century. In the year 1790, 
a Jonas Dumas was a member of the Huguenot settlement in 
Orangeburgh, South Carolina, his family then consisting of four 
males and nine slaves. As indicated by his Christian appella- 
tion, there may have been a relationship between himself and 
the Jonas Malone who married Lucy Dumas. 

Orangeburgh District was known to the French congregation 
as the "Orange Quarter." On the "Liste des Norns des Fran- 
caises qui se recuille en 1'Eglize du Cartie d' Orange" appears 
this entry: "Jean Avnant, natif de Nisme, fils de Jean Avnant 
et de Sibelle Dumas, et son femme Marie Soyer natif de Dieppe 
en Normandie." In the meager lists of Huguenot settlers of 
South Carolina to be found to-day, this is the sole occurrence of 
the name of Dumas. Yet from this slender record is gleaned the 
fact that there was a family of Dumas in the ancient Gallic town 
which furnished a member, in the person of John Avnant, son of 
John and Sybille (Dumas) Avnant, to the early church on 
French Quarter Creek. The settlers of Orange Quarter arrived in 
the Carolinas in 1680 on board the "Richmond" ship-of-war. The 
very ancient town of Msme or Mines was an important Huguenot 
center and the scene of much oppression during the religious up- 
risings. Under the Romans, Mmes was one of the most impor- 
tant of the cities of Gaul, and no town in France has so many 
fine Roman remains. 

It is apparent that male members of the Dumas family came, 
sooner or later, to the Carolinas, for prosperous planters of the 

[480] 



MILES ALEXANDER MALONE 483 

name settled in Richmond County near the end of the eighteenth 
century. These were Benjamin, Andrew, Jeremiah and Susannah, 
the last a widow with three minor sons. These families aggregat- 
ing eleven males and eleven females, lived in the Fayette Dis- 
trict, while in the Salisbury District of Montgomery County 
were David Dumas, "pere et fils," with their respective families ; 
the elder being at the head of a household of six males and two 
females, the younger having a wife and no family. It is notable 
in a period when slavery w r as much less general than in the mid- 
nineteenth century, that every Dumas householder owned from 
one to a score of slaves, according to the area and size of his 
lands and family. 

Although the French population of South Carolina was 
drawn from three sources the early Huguenots, the Acadians 
banished from Nova Scotia in 1755, and the Swiss settlers who 
twenty years earlier came over with Jean Pierre Purry, the Caro- 
linas are proudest of their Huguenot ancestry. Yet all three 
peoples had been forced to leave their homes because of religious 
or political oppression, alike to seek freedom in a new land. To 
these religiously persecuted classes, also, belonged the so-called 
"Irish Presbyterians," originally Scotch dissenters who for a 
time had found haven in the northernmost counties of Ireland 
and some of whom later came with their families, directly to the 
Fair Forest and Pacolett regions of the Carolinas, there found- 
ing their rude pioneer homes and forming the nucleus of institu- 
tions in which their children and children's children have con- 
tinued to absorb the principles of religious and political freedom. 

Of such zealous stock comes Miles Alexander Malone. His 
father, the Reverend Jeremiah Dumas Malone, born September 
27, 1811 ; died April 18, 1887, was one of the three sons of Jonas 
and his Huguenot wife. Jeremiah's brother, Miles, also lived in 
North Carolina (Warren County) in 1790, while another brother, 
Charles, lived in the Ninety-six District of Spartanburgh County. 
Mr. Miles Malone was born near the college town of Maryville, 
Tennessee, the seat of Maryville Presbyterian College, one of the 
earliest classical institutions of Blount County. His mother's 
maiden name was Nancy Jane Bogle. The name of Bogle is one 
well established in the international history of art. 

His wife, Sarah Glenn Jones Malone, was a descendant of 
Thomas Edwards (1757-1791) and his wife Lucy. Their son, 
William Edwards, married Elizabeth Brittain in Virginia about 
the year 1791; whose descendants live near Athens, in Clarke 
County, Georgia. Thomas was a Revolutionary soldier for three 
years and was the recipient of bounty land awarded to him by 
the United States for his active loyalty. 

In the fall of 1751 a colony of Irish Quakers from Kings 
County, Ireland, came up the San tee. Their leader, Samuel Wy- 



484 MILES ALEXANDER MALONE 

lie, forming an intimacy with "King" Haigler, chief of the Ca- 
tawbas, they were permitted to make settlements at points w r hich 
later came to be known as Friends' Neck and West Wateree. 
Among those who on account of the adjacency of their grants 
were supposedly Quakers, was a Scotchman, Cornelius Malone. 
Eight or ten years later some of these obtained grants of land 
at Pine Tree Hill, now Camden. Evidently Malone was among 
these grantees, for his son, Cornelius, was born at Camden (then 
Pine Tree Hill) on the seventeenth of January, 1759, and who 
in 1780, "on learning of the defeat of Gates," w T as living ten miles 
away, in the County of Kershaw. Another sou, William, had 
been born in Kershaw County in November, 1755. The brothers 
fought in the Revolutionary War, for the first two or three 
months, serving in the same garrison at Orangeburgh on the 
Santee, and in their old age, as pensioners, accepted the bounty 
of their grateful country, being then, in 1833, residents of Ala- 
bama. After serving two years in the war, one year as a cav- 
alryman and another in Captain Chestnutt's company of infantry, 
William continued to reside in South Carolina until 1808, when 
he removed to Tennessee. Three years later he went to Madison 
County. Alabama, and in 1819 to Limestone County in the same 
State, where twenty years later he was still living in the enjoy- 
ment of his modest pension, as evidenced by his name on the 
United States roll of the Huntsville Agency in 1839. 

Cornelius settled in Morgan County, Alabama, where he re- 
sided thirty-four years, dying early in 1857, shortly after entering 
his ninety-ninth year. The family Bible of his father was in the 
possession of Cornelius in 1833, according to the testimony of 
William in May of that year, when making application for pen- 
sion. 

Among the staunch friends of the Malones in Alabama were 
Colonel Reuben Chapman, a Scotchman, whose son, Reuben, be- 
came the eleventh Governor of the State, and the Honorable John 
T. Rather, who, in 1841, was Mr. Chapman's opposing (Whig) 
candidate for Congress. 

Cornelius referred to these gentlemen as "my countrymen," 
thus doubling the testimony as to his Caledonian origin. Col- 
onel Chapman, after the war, retired to a splendid country es- 
tate in Morgan County, where his son Samuel was a well-known 
jurist. There also lived his co-patriot, Cornelius Malone, who 
had been in the service of Generals Sumpter and Marion for a 
period of nineteen or twenty months, and was in several skirm- 
ishes with the Tories. During the period of his service the Tories 
under Watson were met and dispersed by Marion's men at Mount 
Hope, Black River, and Sampit Bridge. During the month of 
his enlistment the battle of Tarcote Swamp was fought by four 



MILES ALEXANDER M ALONE 485 

hundred Colonials under Marion, resulting in a tremendous vic- 
tory for the "Swamp Fox" and his followers. 

On the twentieth of September, 1780, Cornelius Malone 
joined a militia company commanded by Captain Douglas Starke, 
who was a planter, and marched with his company to Lawrence's 
Ferry on the Santee, in pursuit of Lord Kawdon who was en- 
camped in the vicinity. The detachment failed to locate the 
British forces in that neighborhood, and after two mouths spent 
in garrison duty at Orangeburgh, Cornelius was transferred to 
the command of Captain John Watts and returned to Caniden. 
Later he was engaged in alternately harrying the towns and re- 
pulsing British inroads, they being exceedingly active just then 
in the vicinity of Lynch's Creek, where he was discharged from 
his first military tour on the tenth of July, 1781. He afterward 
served an additional ten or eleven months under Colonel John 
Marshall and Major Ballard. 

Another of the name who enlisted immediately after the news 
of Gates' defeat, was Deloney Malone, who went out from Gran- 
ville County, North Carolina, as a mounted volunteer, furnishing 
his own horse. While doing volunteer service in North Carolina 
he occasionally operated on the South Carolina border, under 
command of Captain Joshua Coffee in Colonel Philip Taylor's 
Dragoons. Discharged at Hillsdale, he removed after the war 
to Virginia, thence to Kentucky, and from there to Surnner 
County, Tennessee. He was born about 1759, and consequently 
was the same age as Cornelius Malone. 

When, with a price upon his head, Aaron Burr was appre- 
hended in Alabama for treason, a North Carolinian by name of 
Thomas Malone was one of his guard. Five years earlier, in the 
winter of 1801-1802, young Malone with six companions and 
sixty negroes had set out from Kaleigh for the Mississippi terri- 
tory. An accident to the canoe bearing some of his companions 
resulted in their heroic rescue by Malone. In 1807 he was clerk 
of the Washington County Court. In recounting the capture 
Malone described Burr's eyes as "like stars," and regretted his 
slowness in recognizing the arch conspirator, as otherwise he 
might with ease have claimed the reward. 

The Malones are well connected by marriage. In Georgia 
the descendants of Kobert Malone of South Carolina are related 
to the Penns ; Kobert's son William P. of Columbus, a veteran of 
the Creek War, having married at Milledgeville, in 1834, Rebecca 
P. Griggs, whose mother was Charlotte Penn, second cousin of 
the great Landgrave. This Malone family is also well repre- 
sented in Alabama. The mother of John David Malone of Bir- 
mingham was a Miss Spotswood of Huntsville, descendant of 
Governor Spotswood who in 1712 was Virginia's chief executive. 
A Virginia branch represented by Charles J. Malone, an officer 



486 MILES ALEXANDER MALONE 

of the Seminole War, has taken healthy root iri Georgia and 
spread into the sister State of Alabama. Sue Malone, an Ala- 
bamian, married Joseph Golem an, great-great-grandson of Mary 
Key, of the family of Francis Scott Key. 

Doctor Samuel Booth Malone of Columbus, Mississippi, mar- 
ried the daughter of John Dandridge Bibb, god-child of Lady 
Washington, who at her request was named for her brother. 

The Mississippi family traces its rise to William Malone 
who married Johanna Anderson. Of their sons, William Thomas 
was killed at the Alamo, and Franklin Jefferson was a member of 
the Mississippi Constitutional Convention. By the latter's mar- 
riage with Mary Louisa Harden he became the father of Walter, 
and of James H., who later constituted the firm of Malone and 
Malone, lawyers, of Memphis, Tennessee, Walter Malone is well 
known as an author and writer of verse. Still another branch 
is represented in Tennessee, where a few years ago the name 
appeared among the faculty of Vanderbilt University. 

It may be observed that Miles is a family name, having been 
borne by an uncle. The surname of Alexander is one revered 
in Eowan County, recalling as it does the name of James Alex- 
ander, the founder of Salisbury. The Southern families of Ma- 
lone are undoubtedly of Scotch extraction. The meaning of the 
name in Gaelic is "tonsured like Saint John." 

Touching the loyalty of the pioneer people on Fair Forest 
Creek during the American Revolution, it appears that in 1775 
the South Carolina Council of Safety formed a commission, con- 
sisting of two prominent and popular patriots, whose duty it 
should be to journey to the newly settled and doubtfully loyal 
territory lying between the Broad and Saluda rivers, and to 
make plain to the newcomers the nature of the disputes between 
the Colonies and the mother country. One of the commission- 
ers was William Henry Drayton, a native South Carolinian and 
sometime president of the Provincial Congress of that State, 
another was William Tennent, pastor at Charleston and a Pres- 
byterian of Irish-Protestant extraction, a suitable emissary to 
the Irish Presbyterians who had settled at the forks of the Tyger. 
There was need to explain the present policies because of the re- 
moteness of the section, the absence of newspapers, and general 
ignorance of the situation in these early settlements of forest 
and creek. This region was then the haunt of herds of buffalo 
and visited only by roaming beaver trappers and Indian traders. 
Late in the summer of 1775 the emissaries of the government set 
out upon their mission. They were accompanied on the journey 
by William Hart, a Baptist clergyman, the three gentlemen form- 
ing a politico-religions trio of considerable influential importance 
in that day. Their first stop was at the Dutch forks near the 
junction of the Broad and Saluda, a section then included in a 



MILES ALEXANDER MALONE 487 

single military district under the control of Colonel Thomas 
Fletchall, at whose home the trio called on their way up-country. 
Fletchall's house was situated about six miles west of the pres- 
ent city of Union, South Carolina. The temperature of their 
reception here may as well be imagined as described, for Fletch- 
all's loyalty was arrayed on the side of Great Britain. The vis- 

t. / t/ 

itors continued their journey up-country from this point pausing 
at various places to harangue the settlers, whom they found, in 
varying degrees, hostile to the American cause, until they 
reached the settlements on Upper Fair Forest, Lawson's Fork and 
on the Tyger. There they discovered a patriotic sentiment pre- 
vailing among the people, who were fully alive to the questions 
at issue, and with few exceptions, all proved true to the call for 
freedom. Voluntarily they formed themselves into companies 
independent of the Tory Fletchall's organization, and the com- 
missioners provided that they should be supplied with ammuni- 
tion from Fort Charlotte. Judge Drayton reported them to the 
council as an "active and spirited people and staunch in our 
favor." Thus did the Fair Forest pioneers prove their loyalty in 
a "disaffected" section and cast themselves into the balance 
against Tory power in that vicinity. 

The Bogle family have been distinguished in the world of art 
for generations. Lockhart Bogle's portrait of William Make- 
piece Thackeray hangs in the Great Hall of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, England. Kobert Bogle, born in 1772, married Annie 
Keed in Marysville. Tennessee, and their daughter, Nancy Janie, 
who married Keverend Jeremiah Dumas Malone, was the mother 
of Miles Alexander Malone, who was born September 26, 1850. 
He is now in the enjoyment of the pleasant autumn of life when 
the leaf turns sere, but with vitality clings to the tree, and in 
his semi-retirement from more active pursuits he is the chosen 
companion of his daughter, Miss Blondelle Edwards Malone, a 
sketch of whose career in international art circles appears in the 
present volume. Mr. Malone is a member of the Kidgwood Coun- 
try Club, the South Carolina, the Columbia, and similar local 
organizations. His home is in Columbia, South Carolina. 



SARAH GLENN (JONES) MALONE 

FROM a miniature oil old ivory, the only likeness now extant 
of the late Mrs. Sarah Glenn (Jones) Malone, is reproduced 
the portrait which accompanies this sketch. With that 
occasional phase of modesty which shrinks from the bold, 
ofttimes unkind, scrutiny of the camera's eye, from youth to 
middle life, Mrs. Malone consistently declined to be photographed. 
Painted in the late sixties, the portrait, now nearly a half century 
old, is unique in this volume, and is interesting to many who 
peruse these pages because of the glimpse afforded of the quaint 
headdress and furbelowed gown of a past generation of modes. 
To near and dear ones, it recalls associations belonging exclus- 
ively to the original of the daintily-tinted miniature, bringing 
from memory's casket the scent of lavender and old lace, and 
reviving sw r eet memories of days now long past when the sweet- 
faced wife and mother was active in the multitudinous interests 
of home, dispensing to kith and kin, friend and stranger-guest 
alike, that largess of hospitality for which the Southerner is 
famous in fiction and in fact. 

Mrs. Malone was born before the clash of arms at Sunipter, 
in the days when "open house" was a sacred tradition of family 
life, and the respectable stranger with credentials was a welcome 
and honored guest for as long a period as he chose to remain 
under the roof of his generous host. Much in this wise the inti- 
macy was formed between her probable kinsmen, the eminent 
patriots, Willie and Allen Jones, and a dashing young mariner 
then known as John Paul, later Admiral of our first navy. 
In hospitality was born that famous friendship which resulted 
in young Paul's assumption of the family name of Jones, in com- 
pliment to the Honorable Willie and his equally distinguished 
brother, General Allen Jones. So marked, indeed, was the close 
association of these three that in consequence various small craft, 
as well as an American vessel, were christened "The Three 
Friends." It was also through the medium of their letters of 
introduction that the interesting stranger was brought in touch 
with the influential persons who obtained for him his first com- 
mission. As Captain John Paul Jones, he was a frequent visitor 
at "The Grove" and "Mount Gallant," the mansion homes of the 
Roanoke planters, who were the only sous of Robert or Robin 
Jones, Attorney-General of the Crown for North Carolina in 1761. 
The historian of this family mentions that among Robin's 

[488] 



SARAH GLENN ( JONES ) M ALONE 491 

brothers were John arid Nathaniel Jones, "and others not remem- 
bered." This family and the so-called Peter, or Cadwallader 
Jones family, already connected in Wales, were thrice amal- 
gamated by intermarriages in this country so that the two lines 
are now intertwined in a labyrinth of relationships. 

Mrs. Malone's paternal lineage is traceable to Stephen Jones 
of Perquinians and Person Counties, North Carolina; who lived 
to the age of ninety-three years. There were two of the name 
recorded in the first Federal census of the State, in 1790, one 
living in the Morgan district of Rutherford County, the other in 
Caswell County (from which Person County was taken). The 
colonial records just prior to the Revolutionary War abound in 
references to Stephen Jones of Orange and of Guilford Counties. 
Little of tradition has come down to us concerning him, but we 
infer that he was somewhat obiquitous as to residence and active 
in affairs of the colony. 

His son, Joseph Jones, who was born about 1771, married 
Mary Balis (probably of the family of James Bails or Balis, a 
neighbor of Stephen Jones). Of his other children, Lucinda mar- 
ried a Mr. Horton ; but concerning his sons, Glover and William, 
no records have been preserved. 

Joseph and Mary (Balis) Jones were the parents of Wiley, 
Rebecca and Stephen Balis Jones. Wiley Jones, Esquire, the 
eldest son, married Sarah Matthews Edwards. Their children 
were Joseph, Mary, Kate, Richard, William, Lucinda, Sarah Glenn 
(Malone), Octavia, Robert and Matilda. The family connections 
of Mrs. Malone's mother were excellent. Sarah Mathews (Ed- 
wards) Jones died in Bostwick, Georgia, August 4, 1895. Her 
husband w r as a gentleman farmer of Morgan County ; her parents 
were William Edwards, Esquire, and Katherine Coles. 

The Coles family is united by marriage with many Governors 
of the Carolinas. John Coles of Virginia, an Irish emigrant and 
wife, Elizabeth Tucker, became the parents of W T alter and Isaac 
Coles. Isaac married Julia, daughter of General John Strieker. 
Isaac's son, Captain John Strieker Coles, married Eliza Pickens, 
daughter of Governor F. W. Pickens of South Carolina. John 
Strieker Coles, Junior, born 1865, married Helen Iredell Jones, 
daughter of Colonel Cadwallader Jones, Junior, (1813-1899) of 
Rock Hill, South Carolina, and granddaughter of Governor 
James Iredell. (The Iredells are supposedly collateral descend- 
ants of a daughter and son-in-law of Oliver Cromwell.) Her 
brother, the gallant Captain Iredell Jones, married Ellen, daugh : 
ter of Governor James H. Adams of South Carolina; and their 
daughter, Lillian married a grandson of Governor Pickens, w r ho 
was a member of Congress and formerly minister to Russia, and 
was himself a descendant of Governor Joseph Blake (1696) and 
of Governor Joseph Morton (1681). 



492 SARAH GLENN (JONES) MALONE 

Kef erring again to the second generation of the Coles family : 
Walter, son of Isaac Coles, married Elizabeth Cocke. Their 
daughter, Sally Coles, married Benjamin, brother of Governor 
John Taylor. 

t/ 

Frederick Lafayette Jones (1784-1848), son of Major Cad- 
wallader Jones (1755-1796), at the request of his uncle, assumed 
the surname of Pride. Frederick Pride Jones (born 1856; half 
brother of Eliza Adams Jones), married Mrs. Fanny (Glenn) 
Hellen, a member of the Glenn family which has furnished Gov- 
ernors to both colony and State. 

Mrs. Malone was also of good lineage with respect to the 
antecedents of her mother, Sarah Mathews (Edwards) Jones. 
Her maternal grandfather was William Edwards, Esquire, son 
of Solomon, and grandson of Thomas Edwards, born about 1756. 
John Edwards of Brunswick County, Virginia, who died in 1713, 
devised his estate to his children : John, William, Nathaniel, Ben- 
jamin, Mary and Sarah. He also named as legatees, his "cousins" 
(who in the loose verbiage of that day might have been his 
nephews), Thomas, William and John Edwards. The parents of 
Colonel Cadwallader Jones of North Carolina (1788-1861) were 
General Allen Jones and wife, Rebecca, daughter of Nathaniel 
Edwards of Brunswick County, Virginia, who was burgess from 
that county and deputy secretary of the colony in 1770. Colonel 
Nathaniel Edwards died in 1771, leaving sons, Isaac and William, 
and daughters, Mary (Ridley), Elizabeth (Willis), Eebecca 
(Jones), and Anne and Sarah Edwards. The names of Sarah, 
William and Thomas are of frequent occurrence in the Edwards 
family. 

The Honorable Isaac Edwards of North Carolina, Secretary 
to Governor Tryon and Deputy Auditor of the province, was per- 
haps the most prominent of the name in the Carolina s. Although 
a servant of the Crown, his sympathies are said to have been 
strongly in favor of the Colonies. Of his union with Marv Cor- 

<~y v *, 

nelly a Colonial lady, there were two daughters, but no sons. Hig 
sister, Rebecca Edwards was the second wife of General Allen 
Jones, and the mother of his sons. 

Their only daughter, Rebecca Edwards Jones, was known 
as the "Indian Queen ;" she was particularly remarkable for her 
shapely foot and high instep. 

Likewise Wilie and Wiley, not the diminutive Willie, are 
names common to the Jones family, Colonel Wilie Jones (son of 
Cadwallader of Rock Hill) commanded the Second South Caro- 
lina Regiment of Volunteers during the Spanish- American hostili- 
ties. In the roster of the Confederate Soldiers of America is the 
name Wiley Jones, member of Company F, First South Caro- 
lina Infantry (Regulars) who joined the command at Cheraw, 
January 17, 1862. Company F formed part of the garrison at 



SARAH GLENN ( JONES ) M ALONE 493 

Fort Moultrie. Thus it will be remarked that similar names 
occur in the distinct but doubtless allied families of Cadwallader 
and Stephen Jones, both possibly, nay, probably deriving from 
the parents of Robert or Robin Jones, third of the name. 

The early home of Mrs. Malone was in the realm of old King 
Cotton, the famed black belt of the South, a section where cotton 
and cotton-picking long constituted the sole crop and industry, 
and myriads of harvesters, "pickers" and "cleaners," the chattel 
wealth of the planter. With the coming of the cotton gin and the 
loss of the laborers in the field, the industry lost much of its 
picturesque setting. Cotton fortunes were irretrievably lost in 
the climax of 'sixty-five, plantations dismantled and cabins de- 
serted. Thus, came the impetus of change which has scattered the 
old landed families of the Southland and inspired the trekking 
of tribes of non-slave States of the southwest. The father of Mrs. 
Malone chose, however, to leave undisturbed the hardy Jones root, 
and to build again upon the ashes of the old South a new fortune 
in his adopted State of Georgia. Here is found the family in the 
brighter days of 'seventy-seven, when the subject of this memorial 
was married to Miles Alexander Malone, son of the Reverend 
Jeremiah Dumas Malone. The marriage vows were taken on the 
first day of the New Year, 1877. The gentle bond so happily 
welded at Social Circle, a town of interesting name, situated in 
Walton County, Georgia, was severed only too soon by the ulti- 
mate fulfilment of human destiny, when Mrs. Malone passed 
from her earthly home to one eternal. She was long allied with 
the patriotic women grouped under the flag upheld by the United 
Daughters of the Confederacy, that noble-hearted band self- 
pledged to keep alive the traditions of the Confederate States and 
to honor the brave acts of their statesmen and defenders. 

W T ade Hampton Chapter, named in honor of the gallant 
General, has borne upon its rolls illustrious Southern names 
filling the pages of history dealing with the struggle for civil 
supremacy, and others no less illustrious, swelling the rosters of 
the boys in gray. The Jones, Edwards, Glenn and allied families, 
one and all, contributed precious treasure to the glory of Dixie 
and the lost cause. 

While a resident of Columbia, South Carolina, Mrs. Malone 
was a member of Trinity Episcopal Church. 

Mrs. Malone was born July 18, 1847, on the Jones Plantation 
near Watkinsville, in Clark County, Georgia. Under private in- 
struction, according to the custom of ante-bellum days in the 
South, she was educated in a manner befitting her station and 
grew to young womanhood surrounded by the influence of gen- 
tility and the protection of home. Of refined tastes and artistic 
tendency she early felt the appeal of exquisite handiwork as dem- 
onstrated in cabinet-made articles of vertu, and while mistress of 



494 SARAH GLENN (JONES) M ALONE 

her own home took great pleasure in the study and collection of 
antiques. In fact, Mrs. Malone's private collection of rosewood 
and mahogany furniture enjoys more than local fame, having won 
the admiration of connoisseurs both North and South. Among 
the choice pieces are much-prized heirlooms which have been 
handed down from generation to generation in her family. The 
Malone residence in Columbia is at Number 1517 Gervais Street. 
Mr. and Mrs. Malone were the parents of Blondelle Edwards 
Malone, landscape artist of note and patron of the Garden Clubs 
of Europe and America, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in 
this volume. 



BLONDELLE EDWARDS MALONE 

A American artist, devoted to the colorful Riviera, Blon- 
delle Edwards Malone, has early carved her name high 
on the buttress of fame in the art centers of Continental 
Europe, where artistic ideals are high and attainment 
difficult. As a fitting preamble to the career of this gifted lady 
the following translation from the pen of an authority, Mon- 
sieur Maurice Guillemot, is here given. Monsieur Guillemot is 
an art critic of the well-known Paris periodical "Le Figaro." 
In the "Livre d'Or des Peintress Exposants," a work of high 
standing exclusively devoted to the careers and achievements of 
living artists, he says of Miss Malone: 

"As a pupil of John Twachtinan she became especially a 
landscape painter. Among the principal works exhibited by 
the artist in the different salons of the national society we will 
mention, in 1911, 'The Garden of Camille Pissaro;' in 1913, 
'The Rose Garden at Bagatelle 7 (Bois de Boulogne). In the 
Salon d' Automme, in 1911, appeared "The Poppy Field.' The 
artist has, besides, executed for private parties 'The Garden of 
the Princess de Polignac,' 'The Garden of the Duke of Bed- 
ford,' etc. 

'"In 1913 at the Petit Salon of the International Society of 
Water Colorists, at the establishment of G. Petit, we well recall 
the striking contributions of Miss Blondelle Malone, w^hose 
original talent interests us as well at Bagatelle as at Guernsey, 
as well at Dreux as at Naples or Palermo. 

"In 1913 the artist had a private exhibition at the Lyceum 
Club in Paris. M. Maurice Guillemot, in the preface of the 
Catalogue, expressed himself thus : 

" 'In the balmy Rose Garden of Bagatelle, before the arches 
laden with masses of flowers, near clusters of bright colored 
corollas, an easel is placed in the sunshine, and on this torrid 
August afternoon, while the promenaders have fled toward the 
shadows of the park, an artist is working, her blond hair 
restrained under a white lace hat. 

" 'Feverishly intent on her work, she remains there, care- 
less of the heat, of the dazzling reflection ; she grows enthusiastic 

[495] 



.K J:,.\VAJ:i>S MALONE 

for tliis profusion of colors ami perfumes, with her brush she 
tries to rival nature herself, tries ;< fix on her canvas a thousand 
different harmonies, studies the subtle conditions of the atmos- 
phere, the brilliancy of odorous clusters, the delicacy of the 
violaceous distance; she crushes tones, strikes notes, struggles 
with the Mmiptuous vision, forgetful of time, is disappointed when 
the shadow grows longer, according to a verse of Virgil, and 
compels her to interrupt her work, which she will resume to- 
morrow with the same patient ardor. 

" 'This memory is a dear one to invoke while winter sur- 
rounds us with its frosts and its mists, and we find again in it 
the gaiety of the fine season, a clear and vibrant impression, as 
we do, moreover, in all of Miss Malone's work. 

" 'Has she not previously painted the garden of Claude 
Monet, that of Pissaro, and was not this choice already as an 
avowal of her orientation and of her sympathies? 

" 'With a sincere palette the artist translates the different 
aspects before which her wondering soul will pause, whether it 
be the coasts of Greece, where marble temples project their 
august and crumbling ruins against an azure sky, whether it be 
the Bay of Naples, where arise villas crowned with flowering 
pergolas, or the Islands of Jersey, where rocks spring from the 
ever-moving sea, or again nearer us the pond in the Bois de 
Boulogne, where sleep the nenuphars on the surface of the 
watery mirrors. 

V 

" 'They are these clear and vibrant paintings, perpetual 
invitations to travel, to luminous skies, toward sunny sites, 
towards an "Elsewhere" both tempting and seductive. 

" 'A landscape is to be valued by the emotion the artist has 
put into it and also by that which we had contributed to it 
ourselves; its charms are not limited by lines, it is a stage 
setting in which we undergo the fairy charm of light. Miss 
Malone's canvases are causes for happy contemplations, for 
sweet vagabond reveries/ 

In this book there is also a pen sketch of Miss Malone. 
Her academic education was obtained in Spartanburg, South 
Carolina, and at Converse College. In New York a course at 
the Art Students' League demonstrated her conspicuous talent 
for landscape painting and made desirable the encouragement 
of foreign study. Later in the atmosphere of art, established in 
a Parisian atelier and spurred by professional competition for 
place in the Salon, her canvases seemed miraculously to catch 
and hold the elusive glamour of Italian sunsets, the gleam of 



BLONDELLE EDWARDS MALONE 497 

Greek pilasters, the charm and color of rose-gardens and poppy 
fields. Indoor work at the easel, however, has but seldom 
occupied her time, as by painting "in the open" is a tenet of 
her art. It is practically demanded by the French disciples of 
impressionism and, regardless of bronzing, burning suns, and 
the natural lethargies born of the climate on the Riviera, out- 
of-door work is bravely essayed. From the rose gardens of 
California, the flowery kingdom of Japan, the Riviera, the isles 
of Sicily, the famed lake region of Ireland and quaint corners of 
Old England, Miss Malone has stolen exquisite beauty which 
she has reproduced with great sincerity and exactness. To-day 
she is recognized as a landscape and garden painter "par 
excellence." 

An index to Miss Malone's status as an artist of ability is 
her membership in various noted professional clubs: The United 
Arts Club, Dublin; the Lyceum Club of France; the National 
Society of Fine Arts, Paris; The Water Colour Painters, Paris, 
and the fact that she is an exhibitor at the Royal Academy, 
London, and the New English Art Club, London. She is also 
united with various social and patriotic organizations at home 
and abroad, notable among which are the United Daughters of 
the Confederacy, the Daughters of the American Revolution and 
the Royal Hibernian Society (Dublin). Because of her interest 
in Hindoo philosophy and the motif of Japanese poetry she is 
also a member of the Orientalists' Club, Paris. Balzac, Poe, 
Thackeray are her frequent companions under the reading lamp, 
and on her book-racks the plays of Shakespeare find welcome 
space. 

Miss Malone is a rapt and enthusiastic worker. Art for 
art's sake is her motto while at work with palette and brush 
in her charming studio in the Rue de Chateaubriand. She has 
been an exhibitor at the Paris Autumn Salon since 1911, and 
has shown her canvases privately at the Lyceum Club, where 
they won much praise from the initiated and from the Paris 
press. In 1914, she renewed her exhibit at the American Art 
Students' League and at the Boutet de Monvel gallery. Nor is 
she unknown in her own country, having exhibited at the 
New York Water Colour Club and at the Pennsylvania Academy 
of Fine Arts. The fact that she has exhibited at the Salon is 
proof of the quality of her work, for it is undeniable that in that 
noted gallery the best place is accorded the most fit. There 
genius, not gold, holds the open sesame. 

Although for years her home has been in Columbia, South 



498 BLOXDELLE EDWARDS MALONE 

Carolina, Miss Maloiie is by birth a Georgian. She was born on 
the sixteenth day of November, 1877, the daughter of Miles 
Alexander and Sarah Glenn (Jones) Malone, who were then 
residents of Rehoboth, Georgia, a pleasant hamlet lying close 
to the boundaries of three counties Morgan, Oconee and Walton 
-but belonging to Morgan County. A sketch and memorial, 
respectively, of her father and mother appear in this volume, 
hence an extensive resume of the family lines is thought to be 
unnecessary. 

The artist undoubtedly inherits her talent from the Bogles, 
who have been portrait painters of note. James Bogle, born in 
South Carolina, in 1817, was a member of the National Academy. 
He devoted himself to portraiture and attained an excellent 
reputation, especially in the Southern States. Calhoun, Clay and 
Webster were among his many distinguished patrons. Portraits 
in miniature, executed by John Bogle, of Scotland, were exhibited 
in London for nearly a quarter of a century. Another dis- 
tinguished painter of the name was Lockhart Bogle, whose 
portrait of William Makepeace Thackeray hangs in the Great 
Hall of Trinity College, Cambridge. Both Lockhart and Bogle 
are names well known in the world of art. Miss Malone is a 
descendant in the paternal line of Robert Bogle, who was born 
November 19, 1782. Of his marriage with Annie Bogle, nee 
Reed, of Maryville. Tennessee, five daughters were born Lavinia, 
Lucinda, Harriet, Martha and Nancy Jane. Miss Malone is the 
granddaughter of Nancy and the great-granddaughter of Robert 
Bogle. This name is of Scotch origin. The Bogles of Iredale 
County, North Carolina, were patriots of the Revolutionary 
days. During that struggle for American Independence another 
Robert Bogle (perhaps father of the Robert born in 1782) not 
only furnished supplies for the American Army, but, under 
great risk, delivered them at various points where troops were 
encamped. 

It was Edmond Malone, wealthy Irish critic, editor and 
commentator of Shakespeare, who published the literary works 
and paintings of Sir Joshua Reynolds, whom Ruskin calls the 
"swiftest of painters and gentlest of companions," and whose 
career was a remarkable instance of continual prosperity. It was 
due to the foresight and enterprise of Edmond Malone that Sir 
Joshua's masterful portraits, reproduced by the engraver's art, 
were made familiar to many who could never have beheld the 
original paintings. 

As an American who has wrought creditably. Miss Malone 



BLONDELLE EDWARDS MALONE 499 

holds an honorable place in her profession. Still in the glow 
and vigor of young womanhood and possessing the well-known 
ardency of the Southerner, it is safe to prophesy that her career 
has by no means reached its zenith. 

Miss Malone studied for a time under John Henry Twacht- 
man, pupil of Anton Mauve. To Twachtman and his associate, 
Theodore Robinson, are given the credit of bringing the spirit of 
the French Impressionists to American landscape painting. 
Among the best examples of his work, in the Corcoran Art 
Gallery, City of Washington, are "The Torrent" an Impres- 
sionist's view of the Niagara rapids (Evans Collection), "Round 
Hill Road" and "The End of Winter" (Freer Collection). 

Miss Malone's address when in "The States" is Aiken, South 
Carolina. Her studio is at Number 11, Rue de Chateaubriand, 
Paris. 



JAMES W. DILLON 

WHAT a wonderful heritage to the generations yet to come, 
is the memory of a life of more than eighty years, spent 
in the exemplification of the highest ideals of industry, 
honesty, thrift and love of kind. It is eminently proper 
in this sketch of the career of James W. Dillon, of Dillon, South 
Carolina, to quote the words of Mr. P. B. Sellers, in his com- 
munication to the "News and Courier," of August 9, 1913 : "There 
is found/ 7 he writes, "in the life and character of our departed 
friend and fellow citizen so much of inspiration, so much of hope 
and courage under difficulties, so much that was manly and full 
of high resolve, so much of wholesome example of thrift and high 
purpose to make something of his profession, that makes for the 
encouragement of the vouth of our country and State, such a 

1_7 I/ *- 

noble exhibition of the virtues of kindness and liberality, and 
such a fine sense of the obligation resting upon him to use the 
property that his thrift and energy had brought into his hands 
for the common good of those about him to give a detail of which 
would fill an ordinary volume." 

James W. Dillon was the grandson of Joshua Dillon, who, 
taking part in the Revolutionary War, settled down after peace 
in the upper part of Marion, now Dillon County, near the site 
of the present town of Little Rock. William Dillon, his son, 
followed him in the pursuit of farming. The wife of William 
Dillon was Lucretia, daughter, supposedly, of Andrew Cottiug- 
ham, a South Carolina planter. James W., their oldest son, was 
born November 26, 1826. There was a daughter, Martha, who 
married and raised a family in Florida. James early learned to 

f / 

work upon the farm. His father died when he was quite young. 
The outdoor life, all the inconveniences of that pioneer time, and 
the strenuous labor, developed the boy's frame, and while he was 
never very strong physically, he was always able to look after 
his business interests. His life extended far beyond the pro- 
verbial "Three score and ten" years of normal allotment. His 
educational advantages were extremely limited, for not only 
w r ere the schools elementary in their scope, but the family 
resources being limited James was forced to obtain the means to 
defray school expenses by physical labor. 

[ 500] 



JAMES W. DILLON 503 

It should be remembered that in those days, while the 
opportunities for higher education were scarce, the foundations 
were laid deep and broad in the insistence of a thorough training 
in fundamentals; the three "R's," to use an old-time expression. 
Consequently, the children whose education was begun in these 
old field schools were furnished the means whereby, if ambitious 
and industrious, they far outclimbed the intellectual heights of 
many of our own day, who with every other advantage are handi- 
capped by the neglect, in our present system, of a thorough train- 
ing in fundamentals. 

Mr. James W. Dillon was a striking example of this truth, 
for he was really that very rare evolution of a self -educated man. 
As a speaker, his flow of words was smooth and strong, and his 
knowledge of language thorough. He spoke and wrote well, and 
his orthography was always correct. His knowledge of condi- 
tions was complete, his conceptions of progress clear and his 
determination when once aroused unflinching, as was evidenced in 
his work for the establishment of Dillon County, extending over 
a period of fifteen years. No doubt in his development the strain 
of heredity was his great asset. 

In his youth he worked at carpentry, and became proficient. 
He was never ashamed of work. But this was not the line in 
which his ability was to be proved. 

He was naturally a financier, and possibly in some other 
environments would have rivalled some of our merchant princes, 
in the North and the Northwest, as well as the great captains of 
finance. 

In 1853, Mr. Dillon began his mercantile career in a small 
way at Little Rock, but his business grew, and prosperity dawned 
apace. He soon obtained the confidence of the small farmers and 
the rich planters, on both sides of the State's lines, and became 
the leading merchant of that section. There were no railroad 
facilities and no banking institution within reasonable distance, 
the nearest railroad being at Marion County Court House, almost 
twenty-five miles distant. It was necessary to haul all goods in 
wagons over rough roads, at great expense and discomfort, not- 
withstanding which, his success continued to increase. 

In those ante-bellum days the long credit system was in 
vogue, and the Civil War found Mr. Dillon in debt for consider- 
able amounts to his wholesale dealers. Such debts, held in abey- 
ance during the four years of the war, had, in many cases, long 
before been relegated to the "profit and loss" page, and the 
astonishment and admiration of his creditors in the North, when 
Mr. Dillon put in an appearance, ready to make settlement, may 
be imagined. 



504 JAMES W. DILLON 

After the close of the war Mr. Dillon handled the greater 
part of the cotton grown in upper Marion County. He also 
opened a private banking institution, which was an absolute 
necessity in consideration of the large amount of trade gradually 
accumulating. Again and again he was forced to enlarge his 
buildings. He was becoming wealthy, and, as he was familiar 
with and supervised personally all the details of his business, he 
was a very busy man. Much of his income he invested in real 
estate. He was the benefactor of the indigent planter. He was 
most generous in his credits to his struggling fellow citizens, 
and although an acute judge of character, being seldom defrauded, 
still there are on his books tens of thousands of dollars of un- 
paid loans. Many a man owed his start and his success in life 
to Mr. Dillon's generosity. 

James W. Dillon's first wife was Harriett, daughter of Allan 
and Mary Jones. She was born February 14, 1834, in Fayette- 
ville, North Carolina, and died February 7 1, 1865. Their children 
were: William Sheppard; John Bethea, who died in infancy; an 
infant daughter who died, and Thomas Allan. 

His second wife was Sallie McLaurin. daughter of Daniel 
and Mary McLaurin, born May 17, 1845. in Marlboro County, 
who died July 10, 1885. The children of this union were Daniel 
McLaurin and Harriett. Of the third marriage with Sallie I. 
Townsend, born February 14, 1836, and died February 4, 1904, 
daughter of Jacob R. and Sophronia Townsend, there were no 
children. William Sheppard Dillon, born February 18, 1854, who 
died June 19, 1905, eldest son of James W., was educated in the 
home schools, and at William and Henry College, Virginia, and 
studied dentistry. He married first, Margaret Adams, who bore 
him a son, James. By his second wife, Salome McKensie, there 
were no children. Thomas Allan is the only surviving child of 
his father's first marriage. Daniel McLaurin Dillon, son by 
second marriage, born September 3, 1866, was educated at home 
schools and at Fort Mill Preparatory School, and is a farmer. 
He married Blanche Bethea, and has no children. Harriett 
Dillon, born April 21, 1869, was educated at home schools and at 
Columbia College. She married, in 1889, Frank B. David, brother 
of another of Dillon County's active progressive "men who do 
things." Mrs. David had the misfortune to lose her eldest son. 
James W., June 6, 1891, and her husband July 21, 1901. Her 
surviving children are: Frank Bethea, Jeddie Bristow, William 
Josiah and Thomas Dillon. 

In 1882 Mr. Dillon took into partnership with him his sou, 
Thomas A. Dillon, who is the counterpart of his father, in his 
keen sense of finance, his genial, kindly spirit, and his unselfish 



JAMES W. DILLON 

devotion to the public good. In 1888 the Florence Railroad, a 
connecting link of the Main Line Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, 
with the embryo town of Dillon was built. The site of the town 
was on land owned principally by James W. Dillon and Son, who 
had donated a half interest in fifty-four acres to the Florence 
Railway Company. 

In 1891, Dillon having become a much more important centre, 
the old store at Little Kock was abandoned and all the interests 
of J. W. Dillon and Son were centered in the old town which 
bears the name of its benefactor. In 1903 the firm was in- 
corporated under the title of J. W. Dillon and Son, Company. 
The officers of the Company were: J. W. Dillon, President; Mrs. 
Hattie David, Vice-President ; T. A. Dillon, Secretary-Treasurer. 

It was only in 1895 that the idea of forming a new county 
from part of Marion was taken up actively, and a meeting was 
held in the office of Doctor J. H. David and Brother, to devise 
means for its accomplishment. The advantages of the measure 
were placed before the people of the county, and a bill was drawn 
up in the Legislature, but only after several elections, extending 
over fifteen years, did the bill pass. It was perhaps more by the 
indomitable determination and unfaltering courage of James W. 
Dillon and his son, nobly sustained by the citizens of the section, 
that success at last crowned their efforts. 

The occasion of the signing of the bill by the Governor, 
February 5, 1910, was a gala day such as is seldom experienced. 
A party of forty gentlemen of the new county went to Columbia, 
and with them, in his eighty-fifth year, was the "Father of 
Dillon County," the hero of the day. 

"As the party entered the Executive Office they were placed 
in a semi-circle around the Governor's chair. On his right were 
Mr. J. W. Dillon and Mr. T. A. Dillon, on his left were Colonel 
Knox Livingston and R. H. Welch, Esq., attorneys for the new 
county. 

"As the Governor took up a handsome gold pen, provided by 
Mr. T. A. Dillon for the occasion, and wrote his signature to the 
bill, which established forever the County of Dillon, there was a 
breathless silence, which was broken by applause when the Chief 
Executive announced that the bill was now a law and Dillon 
County a reality. The pen used was handed to Mr. J. W. Dillon 
by the Governor and suitably engraved. 

"After the ceremonies the party adjourned from the Gov- 
ernor's rooms to the Jerome Hotel, where they were entertained 
at lunch by the Messrs. Dillon, father and son." 

The Commissioners provided for in the bill, to take charge of 
the building of a Court House and jail for the county, were 



50C JAMES W. DILLON 

appointed by the Governor, and J. W. Dillon and Son donated 
a half square of land, worth $10,000.00, besides $25,000.00 in cash, 
a birthday gift to the county, in addition to several thousand 
dollars which they had already given for the same purpose. 

The Court House cost $100,000.00. It is provided with every 
convenience, contains offices for all the county officers, is of fire- 
proof construction, with fire-proof vaults for each office, and is 
heated throughout by steam. Its outside appearance is very 
attractive and artistic. Indeed all the public buildings of Dillon 
are erected upon the same lines. 

It is seldom that such a meed of success is achieved by a 
man, as has crowned the life work of James W. Dillon, and every 
whit of it deservedly bestowed. 

Mr. Dillon was actively engaged in his business pursuits until 
within a few weeks of his death, although, of course, his burden 
was almost entirely borne by his son, who was his alter ego; he 
died July 29, 1913. 

Mr. Dillon's old age was very beautiful. His mind was as 
clear as in the heyday of youth, his heart as warm and sym- 
pathizing, his spirits buoyant, and with a zeal for good works 
that never faltered he w r ent like one "Who wraps the drapery of 
his couch about him, and lies down to pleasant dreams. 77 

In the white marble corridor of the Court House the body 

\.r 

of Dillon's grand old man was lain, that the crowds who loved 
him and in whose minds he was a part of Dillon might gaze for 
the last time on the features so familiar to them all. Mr. Dillon 
was a sincere Christian, a lifelong member of the Methodist 
Church, to which he was a most generous benefactor. He also 
belonged to the Masonic fraternity. 

This sketch might best be closed by quoting some excerpts 
from the address delivered at his funeral by his pastor, Dr. R. E. 
Stackhouse : 

"And here, first of all, the career of J. W. Dillon reminds us 
that ours is truly the land of opportunity. He began life a poor 
boy, was early thrown on his own resources, and yet by industry, 
honesty, integrity, square-dealing and indomitable pluck and 
perseverance, he accumulated wealth, carved a name for himself 
and rose in public esteem and usefulness until he was universally 
known as the father of his town and county." 

"But while Mr. Dillon made money, he never used it selfishly, 
but always for the public good. For miles and miles around the 
poor found in him a friend, and it is common knowledge that in 
his long life he helped more people in distress than any other 
man this country has ever known." 

f 

"He demonstrated again and again that his object in carrying 



JAMES W. DILLON 507 

on business was not merely to amass wealth for himself but to 
benefit his fellowmen, and without doubt he goes to his grave 
with the blessing of more poor people resting on him than any 
other man we have known !" 

"After a career of sixty years in business, without a stain 
on his escutcheon, the friend of all men, the benefactor to the 
poor, the unselfish patriot, the pure-minded, courteous gentleman, 
full of years and honors he sinks to rest by all his country's 
wishes blest." 

"It is entirely fitting that his body should be placed in this 
building, bis influence so largely made possible, and that people 
who loved him so well should come from all sections of the county 
to take affectionate farewell of our good father and founder, 
whose name will linger as a household word around our firesides 
as long as fidelity is honored or gratitude endures." 

Thomas A. Dillon, son of James W. and Harriett Jones 
Dillon, born August 8, 1861, was educated in private schools 
under his father's eye, supplemented by a thorough business 
training at the Eastman Business College in Poughkeepsie, 
New York. 

"The Columbia Record," Columbia, South Carolina, of May 
6, 1913, gives the portraits of father and son, with the text below : 
"Two men who have done more for Dillon County than can be 
expressed verbally. J. W. Dillon, the father of Dillon County, 
though eighty-seven years of age, is still active in business and 
the most highly esteemed man in the county." 

Thomas A. Dillon, son of Mr. J. W. Dillon, junior member 
of the firm of J. W. Dillon & Son, the strongest mercantile firm 
in eastern Carolina. A man of exceptional business ability, keen 
insight and unerring judgment, has done much in shaping the 
destiny of the new county. 

Mr. T. A. Dillon has served as president of the People's 
Bank, President of The Dillon Wholesale Grocery, President of 
the Dillon Land and Improvement Company, director of the Bank 
of Marion, the Dillon Oil Mill, the Dillon Cotton Mills. He has 
been alderman of the town for several years and also its Mayor. 

He is a worthy son of a noble sire and both are striking 
exemplars, proving that the builders of our country are not con- 
fined to the ranks of the professions, nor the holders of office, 
and are far from being among blatant politicians or the wielders 
of unscrupulous pens. To the men who stay at home, live and 
work for the betterment of their fellowmen, and those less 
fortunate than themselves, while building up their own fortunes, 
be all the credit given that is their due, and it is a gratification 
to enroll their names among those of the other "Makers of 
America." 



508 JAMES W. DILLON 

As is the case with all the aucient families of Great Britain 
and Ireland their envelopment in fable and myth is so great that 
it is difficult to construct a lineage past the sixth or fifth 
centuries, though sometimes it may be possible. 

The Dillons descended from Fergus Cearrbheoil, son of 
Connall Creanthann, the first Christian King of Meath, which is 
in the greater division of Leinster. 

Lochran Dilmhain, descendant of Fergus, was, according to 
the Book of Armagh, "ancestor of Dillon (from the Irish 'Dill' 
a flood) of Curreneoch (Country) or Dillon's Country," as it 
was called until the time of Henry VIII. Lochran killed Colman 
Mor for refusing him his share in the kingdom of Meath, called 
Curreneoch, and fled into France. Robert le Dillon, lineally 
descended from Lochran, came back into Ireland in company 
with those invited from England, by Dermott McMurrough, to 
help him recover the kingdoms of Leinster. Robert laid claim to 
his territory of Curreneoch, and succeeded in obtaining his 
rightful heritage. His posterity enjoyed its possession until the 
time of the Cromwellian confiscation in Ireland in the seven- 
teenth century. 

This clan went over into England to drive out the Picts and 
Scots in one of their invasions, returning in the twelfth and 
thirteenth centuries, and were the ancestors of the Dillons, the 
Dillon Viscounts of Dillons, and the Dillon, Earl of Roscommon. 
Ras Coman, or the "Wood of Coman," so called from St. Coman, 
who founded a monastery in this territory in the sixth century. 

Lochran Dilmhain, variously written Dillane, Dillune, Dilion 
or Dillon, was the ancestor of Robert le Dillon, who was known 
as Robert the Englishman, because he came over with the Eng- 
lish. He was of the same generation as Roderick O'Connor, the 
last king of Ireland, born 1116 and died 1198. O'Connor be- 
came king of Connaught in 1156 and of Ireland in 1166, and in 
1175 he acknowledged the supremacy of Henry II, King of 
England. 

Sir Henry Dillon, descendant of Robert le Dillon, in recog- 
nition of his services received memorial grants in Longford and 
Westmeath. In 1790 the Dillon possessor of these lands was 
created Baron Clonbrock, and his descendants still hold the 
Barony. The present incumbent is Sir Luke Gerard Dillon, 
H. P. P. C. Clonbrock of Galway. 

Richard Dillon, Esq., with six hundred select Irish troops, 
took part in the Battle of Vernevil in France. His advent at a 
critical moment turned the victory to the Duke of Bedford; for 
which assistance he was made a Knight Banneret by the Duke; 
his crest being a falcon volant, in place of a demi-lion, and on 



JAMES W. DILLON 509 

his coat armour a fesse azure over the lion rampant, possibly an 
allusion to his command of the Irish troops, as chief commanders 
in former times wore belts or girdles of honor, which is repre- 
sented by the fesse. 

Sir Richard married Jeane, daughter and heiress of Riverton 
County Meath, their third son, Gerald, being the ancestor of the 
Earl of Roscommon. 

In 1619 James Dillon, direct descendant of Sir Richard, was 
raised to the peerage of Ireland, and in 1622 was created Earl 
of Roscommon. The Earldom became dormant in 1816. The last 
Earl had died. He had two younger brothers: Patrick and 
Edmund, and the succession should have been in the heirs of 
Patrick. From some legal technicalities the succession was 
diverted to a distant branch of the family, but is now again 
dormant. 

Joshua Dillon, the direct ancestor of the Dillons of Virginia, 
North Carolina and the many families divergent, is said to have 
been born near Liverpool, England, in 1720. His mother dying 
when he was but seven years of age, his father took him to 
London, where he bound him until he should reach maturity to 
his Uncle Robert (or John). This uncle was a large ship owner, 
operating ships between England and France, and the boy seems 
to have been employed in this service for ten years, when becom- 
ing tired of the life at sea, it is said that he secretly boarded a 
Dutch vessel about the year 1737, and betook himself to America. 
He remained among the Dutch Colonists until he reached his 
majority and then proceeded south. Another Dillon, whose 
personal name was Luke, and his wife, Susan Garrett, who were 
from Ireland, landed in Nantucket, It seems probable that they 
were in company, as they all seem to have gone to Virginia about 
the same time, perhaps during or after the year 1741. 

Besides one of Joshua's sons was named Luke, which was a 
distinctively personal name among the Dillons. There is in the 
family account a lapse of some thirty-four years in the life of 
Joshua, during which he must have married his first wife, whose 
name has not been found, but whose children are known as 
James, Kaleb (or Charles) Henry, Leven (or Luke), William, 
John, Martha Jane and Leah. As James and Charles are said 
to have been with their father in the Revolutionary War, these at 
least must have been born before the visit of Joshua to England. 
It may be that he visited the old country more than once. Be 
that as it may he was there in 1775. It may have been in a 
former visit that he was most cordially and affectionately re- 
ceived by the uncle who held the bond he had skipped, but did 
not reproach him for his action, and at his death made him his 



510 JAMES W. DILLON 

heir. Meantime his father had died. He had lingered long, re- 
newing the old ties of friendship and of kin. Family affection 
is very strong with the Quakers, and this family was of that per- 
suasion. But the mutterings of trouble grew louder from the 
country he had learned to love, calling him from beyond the 
ocean, and, with his brother William and sister Leah, he sailed 
for America. When war was declared he and his brother joined 
the army and served throughout the long seven years' war, 
towards the close of which William was reported missing. After 
the war a Tory boasted that he had killed William, and in his 
fury Joshua attacked and slew him, nor was he punished for the 
act, but instead received a public ovation. 

The second wife of Joshua was Priscilla Cole, a widow, with 
a son, Mathis Cole, and a daughter, Priscilla Cole. There were 
no children of this marriage. The third wife of Joshua was 
Mary Blackwell, who also had sons by her first marriage. The 
family records give as children of this union : Daniel, William 
and Leah. There seems to be some error in this record, but per- 
haps the first William and Leah had died. 

Joshua died when nearly one hundred and four years old, at 
the home of his son, Henry, in Marion District, South Carolina, 
August 1, 1824, dropping dead while at dinner. He weighed 
three hundred pounds. His widow, Mary, died in 1827. 

Joshua was known in this county as Dilling, the misspelling 
probably having been made by error in enrollment during the war, 
or in some transcription of records, though the family were 
always taught the correct orthography. Although the later- 
Dillons were all affiliated with Methodism, the Quaker bent of 
character is still discernible through all the generations. 
Joshua, himself decidedly a Quaker, although it is not known 
how he reconciled his conscience when taking up arms. It is 
hard to understand his pose, when informed that his uncle of 
Bondee memory had, dying in 1819, left him an immense fortune, 
he would have none of it, declaring that he "did not earn it, and 
was not entitled to it." 

The estate was said to be a sum of one and a half million 
pounds in the Bank of England, and holdings in Koscommon, 
and around Liverpool and London. His posterity having lost, at 
least, outward allegiance to Quakerism, may still endeavor to ob- 
tain the fortune Joshua disdained, though the division would be 
decidedly "long." 

It was said that Leah, the sister of Joshua, was burned at the 
stake by Indians, but this may not have been true, and her pos- 
terity may perhaps be found in the South, in which direction she 
may have wandered. 



JAMES W. DILLON 511 

Kaleb (Charles) and James, sons of Joshua, were reported 
killed in the war, but evidently this was an error, as James was 
located in North Carolina and left two children. 

Henry Dillon, son of Joshua by his first wife, after the war 
settled in the Bush river parish in Marion District, which was 
allied with the Charlestown District. He was a farmer and in 
the ministry of the Friends Church, died in 1844, and was buried 
at Beaver Dam Cemetery of the same district. He left two 
children. 

Leven (Luke), son of Joshua, settled in Virginia, from there 
he moved first to North Carolina, afterwards to Indiana, where 
he married. After the death of his wife he bound his two sons to 
John and Henry Mathis, respectively, at New Richmond, Indiana, 
and moved to Alabama, where he married Charity Bristow. 

Leah, daughter of first wife of Joshua, lived with her brother 
Henry until she married Bennett Andrew, a Methodist Episcopal 
Bishop, who died in Tennessee while moving from South Carolina 
to Indiana. Her children were: Thomas, Joshua, Travis, Wil- 
liam Kenedy, Polly, Margaret (or Peggy) and Sallie. Leah died 
at Fredericksburg, Indiana. Martha Jane, daughter of Joshua, 
settled in Florida, married and raised a family and died several 
years since. 

Daniel, son of Joshua, by his third wife, was born in North 
Carolina in 1798; moved to South Carolina, was ordained 
Methodist minister, married at Marion Court House, Esther 
Sweeney, daughter of John Sweeney, a wealthy hatter, farmer and 
slave owner, in 1818. He moved to Indiana shortly after his mar- 
riage. Although an ordained Methodist minister he had strong 
Quaker impressions. He would not receive assistance from any 
source except from the work of his hands, asserting that the 
Scripture must be free. Referring to the estate left his father 
which he refused to take any steps to secure, he insisted: "I 
didn't earn it, it isn't mine." 

An estate was left Daniel by his father-in-law, of a hundred 

*/ / 

and twenty acres of land near the town of Hazlehurst, in 
Mississippi, and another piece of ground just outside of Mobile, 
Alabama. His children besought him, and importunate letters 
from the son begged him, to take possession of the property. At 
length he so far overcame his peculiarities as to hitch up his "one- 
horse shay" and start out for Mississippi. He arrived, found that 
the estate included a number of slaves. This was more than he 
could brook, so he hitched up again and traveled back, even dis- 
continuing all epistolary dealings with his southern kin. "I 
didn't earn it, it isn't mine," was his ever-recurring refrain. 

Agents from London, some years ago, came trying to locate 



512 JAMES W. DILLON 

Joshua Dillon's heirs, bringing powers of attorney for the collec- 
tion of the bequeathed estate of his uncle, but examination proved 
the papers to be absolute assignments, which the heirs refused 
to sign. 

Mary E. Dillon, daughter of Daniel, married Elisha Camp- 
bell; residing in Schuyler County, Illinois. Both died leaving 
children: John, a lawyer at Bardstown, Illinois; Josie (Bil- 
dermack), at Augusta, Illinois, and two other daughters, who 
died leaving families. 

Martha Jane, daughter of Daniel, married Murdock Bowen, 
residing first in Missouri, then near Coyle, Oklahoma, in 1889. 
Their children are Fremont A., Frank, Jefferson, all with 
families. Miranda V. (Tate, W.), who resides with- daughter at 
Beloit, Kansas. 

Nancy A. Dillon, daughter of Daniel, married Elisha Camp- 
bell in South Carolina ; lived in Indiana, Illinois. Missouri and in 
Kansas, 1866, and in Oklahoma in 1890. They are both deceased, 
leaving sons: Daniel E., farmer and stock raiser in Garfield 
County, Oklahoma ; Joshua B., prominent newspaper man at 
Waukomis, Oklahoma, and member of the State Legislature; 
W. P., founder and for twenty years in charge of the Oklahoma 
Historical Society at Oklahoma City; daughter Sarah (single), 
resides with her brother Daniel. 

Sarah, daughter of Daniel Dillon, married Bartlett Hynier 
in Schuyler County, Illinois, who assisted John A. Logan in 
organizing a Confederate company on the breaking out of the Civil 
War, but subsequently Logan turned the other way, and Hymer 
went south. A daughter, Louise, of this marriage (Brown- 
Paden, W.) is at Hutchinson, Kansas, alternatively with two 

' c 

daughters and two sons, at Houston, Texas. 

Aquilla Dillon, son of David, married Sarah Jane Campbell, 
and resided many years in Schuyler County, later in Augusta, 
Illinois. Died at Mount Sterling, Illinois ; merchant and farmer. 
He left a daughter, Hester Brill, residing in Wichita, Kansas, and 
son, Frank, in the banking business at Ringwood, Oklahoma, with 
two daughters, Gertie and Anna, married, at Wichita. 

John, son of Daniel, married Lucinda Woodhouse, died in 
Lincoln, Nebraska, in 1871, leaving sons: J. J. B., at Cornish, 
Oklahoma, with a family of several children ; Daniel H., at 
Denver, Oklahoma, with several children; William R., at Dill 
City, Oklahoma, and Harriet (Worl, W.), at Nevada, Grass 
Valley, California. 

Joshua Dillon, third son of Daniel Dillon, married Lucinda 
Barr, a native of Ohio. He was born in Floyd County, Indiana, 
and died at Elmdale, the same State, December 21, 1900. He was 



JAMES W. DILLON 513 

a merchant and teacher. Children living all born in Montgomery 
County, Indiana: Margaret A. (Utterback, W.), at Crawfordville, 
who has one son ; Maryn Barr (Plunket), in New York; one son 
and two daughters dead. 

The Dillon family thus has spread to many quarters of the 
United States, which is richer by a lineage so distinguished, 
represented by such a galaxy of Makers of America. 

The posterity of the brothers Patrick and Edmund were re- 
ported to have emigrated to America. 



THOMAS LESTER JOHNSON 

EVERY man's life affords an interesting story, bnt peculiarly 
are we attracted by the details of the career of those 
who have achieved praiseworthy success despite many 
vicissitudes. There have been many records of such men 
in the history of America, and the subject of this sketch may 
be classed with them. Not world-wide applause has he won, 
for neither years nor opportunity have come to him, but in his 
own community he is regarded as one of the bright lights of 
Robeson County. He is a public-spirited man, contributing with 
ability and good will his part in work for the general welfare of 
his county. 

Something of that elemental strain that makes men dare to 
think great thoughts in humble places and gives them the courage 
to dare beyond their circumscribed conditions, belongs to Thomas 
Lester Johnson of Lumberton, North Carolina. 

The boy who wants an education is not unfamiliar to us, the 
boy who forges ahead and attains his desire, in the face of diffi- 
culties, we respect, but the boy who does this and does not forget 
the humble home behind him deserves our admiration. 

Born near Leicester, Buncombe County, North Carolina, 
November 13, 1884, Thomas Lester Johnson attended the county 
public schools, the Haywood High School at Clyde, Mars Hill 
College, and graduated finally with the LL.B. degree in May, 
1908, from Wake Forest College, North Carolina. 

Professor R. L. Moore, President of Mars Hill College and a 
former teacher who knows all the circumstances of young 
Johnson's life, has written the following story of this mountain 
schoolboy's determination to acquire an education : 

"A motherless boy heard A. E. Brown make a characteristic 
educational address, in which he declared that there was a chance 
for every boy and girl to have an education. The boy had gone 
about as far as the indifferent public school could carry him, and 
he pondered the message and the hunger for an education drove 
him across the country to see what Brown could do for him. The 

/ 

father was unable to help him, there was not the touch of a 
mother's hand, there was little sympathy from the neighbors, and 
little hope, but the boy w T as determined, and Brown set him on the 
way to one of the mountain schools. Work, energy and pluck 
pulled him through the winter months, and he was sufficiently 
advanced to teach the public schools of his county. Then followed 

[514] 




X 





X 



THOMAS LESTER JOHNSON 517 

years of struggle ; stern but light-hearted, he kept steadily to his 
purpose. Agent in the summer, teacher in the fall, pupil in the 
winter, a student all the time, he not only kept himself in school, 
but helped his brothers and sisters away to school. It was a 
magnificent fight, but the youth never wavered, never complained, 
never bemoaned his fate. One summer he read law T , and recited 
each week a perfect lesson of remarkable length at the end of a 
twenty-mile trip. It is needless to say that he was not long in 
mastering the law course at Wake Forest, Will Bailey being his 
classmate, roommate and friend. But not an hour did he forget 
the humble home and the younger members of the family." 

The question which instantly suggests itself is, what kind of 
people were this boy's forbears? 

It is a well-known fact that among the mountains of Virginia, 
Tennessee, Kentucky and the Carolinas are to be found de- 
scendants of some of the best families of England. In a neglected 
condition, cut off from associations with the progress of the 
world, they have been handicapped in many ways, but the red 
corpuscles of a conquering race are in their blood and time after 
time they have shown, when the test has come, the strength of 
their lineage. 

Robeson County, of which Lumberton is the capital, is so 
called in compliment to Colonel Robeson, who distinguished him- 
self in the battle of Elizabethtown, in Bladen County, fought in 
1781 between the Tories and the friends of liberty. Though a 
resident of Robeson, Mr. Johnson was born in Buncombe Countv. 

*/ 

By the way, it was a member of Congress who originated the 
present meaning of the word "buncombe," when he said in the 
House of Representatives that he was "talking for Buncombe." 
Mr. Johnson's father's people, however, were not of Bun- 
combe. His father, William Sandy Johnson, was born on a farm 
near Swansonville, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, October 6, 
1861. When he was about twenty-one he moved to Alexander, 
Buncombe County, where he married Mary E. Martin, who became 
the mother of Thomas Lester. William Johnson's father was 
Christopher Columbus Johnson, who was born at Halifax, Vir- 
ginia, but went later to Pittsylvania County. He, too, was a 
farmer. His father, Jackson Johnson, who was born and lived at 
Halifax, was a large planter and slave owner, who fought in the 
Revolutionary War. He lived to the advanced age of one hundred 
and eio-ht vears. There is record of a James Johnson in the first 

<-> u 

census, as head of a family of eight, with eleven blacks, one dwell- 
ing and three other buildings in Pittsylvania, who was probably 
a family connection. A further probability is that this James 
is the same James Johnson who was Captain of the Sixth Vir- 
ginia in 1776, and the next year, Major. 

On the maternal side William Irvin Martin was the grand- 



518 THOMAS LESTER JOHNSON 

father of Mr. Johnson, and Amanda (James) Martin was his 
grandmother. William Ervin Martin lived near Alexander, Bun- 
combe County, North Carolina, being the sou of William and 
Martha Martin. The former was born in Iredell County and his 
father, Jacob, lived either there or in Burke County, and served 
in the Colonial Army throughout the Revolutionary War. 

The grandmother of Thomas Lester Johnson, on the maternal 
side, was the daughter of Silas .Tames, son of Thomas and Sarah 
James. The latter, born in Burke County, was a Crowder, and 
many of her relatives are now living in Burke, Iredale and 
Gaston Counties. The wife of Silas James was Mary, daughter 
of John Payne, an officer in the War of 1812. 

The blood of tillers of the soil and of fighters against oppres- 
sion is the heritage of this young American of to-day, whose brave 
struggle for an education and an honored place among his fellows 
has already been told so well by his former teacher. That he has 
achieved this place and met with unusual success is largely due to 
his untiring energy. Early in his career he earned a reputation 
for promptness and devotion to the interest of his clients, and he 
is a determined fighter in the arena of the court house. As a 
public speaker he is much in demand, especially at commencement 
exercises and Sunday-school gatherings. Even in his college days 
this gift of oratory was evident, and twice he was one of the 
debaters at the college exercises, and commencement orator, and 
the valedictorian at his graduation. 

The immediate connecting links between the families in 
America and those in the old country are in most cases difficult to 
trace, the incomplete records not giving the necessary details. 
There were a great many Johnsons, Martins and James in the 
United States at the time of the Revolution, but the recorded 
traces of them prior to that time are so fragmentary that 
certainty as to lines of descent is not, in most cases, possible. It 
is known that the Martins are of English and Scotch origin ; the 
James are Scotch-Irish and Welsh, and the Paynes Irish. The 
Johnsons trace their descent from English forbears and some 
branches of this family may also be found in Sweden. Mr. John- 
son's grandmother on the paternal side is of German extraction. 

As already suggested, the Johnson name may be of Swedish 
origin, but it is found very early in Great Britain. There is the evi- 
dence that the Manor of Nether Court, in Kent, existed during the 
reign of Edward III, and that it, together with the manor known 
as "Upper Court," came into the hands of Thomas Johnson in the 
beginning of Queen Elizabeth's reign. The said Thomas Johnson 
died "seized of them both in the eighth year of that reign." In 
Queen Anne's reign the properties were sold to Edward Brooke. 

Some of the oldest families of the Johnsons are the Johnsons 
of Ayscough-fee Hall. Willus Johnson de Spalding, according to 



THOMAS LESTER JOHNSON 519 

the rolls in the Tower had charge of the Poll-tax in the county of 
Lincoln, in 1381. This family derived from the Norman house of 
Fitz-John. Their hall was rebuilt in 1420. The Johnsons of 
Temple Belwood go back to the time of Henry VIII. 

One of the Johnsons of Wytham-on-the-Hill, in Lincoln, 
founded the Grammar Schools in 1558, and there is record of 
Johnsons at the battle of Agincourt. 

In 1684 Ezechiel Johnson was Lord of the Manor of Clipaham 
of Rutlandshire. The family was scattered in different countries, 
with the earliest record in London of ten Johnson families in 
1633 and of Robert Johnson, a merchant, in 1640, and James, 
Richard, Thomas and William in the same year. In 1671, James 
Johnson, of Yarmouth, was knighted at Yarmouth, and, in 1696, 
at Kennington, John Johnson, an alderman, was knighted. 

The Johnstons and John stones are, of course, related 
families. The Johnstons of Carnsalloch are a very ancient 
branch, and the Cowhill family are cadets of the same great clan 
of Annandale. The Johnstons of Kincardine are descended from 
the Soutor Johnstones, scions of the house of Johnstone of 
Annandale, who fled from their native district in 1460 in con- 
sequence of "some discontent" and settled in Perthshire, assuming 
the name of Sou tar. Later they were permitted to resume their 
ancient name of Johnston. 

Mr. Johnson has made rapid strides in his profession, having 
in nine years gained one of the largest practices in the region 
where he lives. He has associated with him recently his younger 
brother, E. M. Johnson, who is a graduate of the Wake Forest 
College, and who is also Assistant Recorder of the City Court. 
This firm, Johnson and Johnson, enjoys a splendid reputation for 
professional ability and moral worth. 

Thomas L. Johnson has interested himself in many enter- 
prises. He is a director of the First National Bank of Lumber- 
ton, Secretary and Treasurer of the Mutual Loan and Trust 
Company, which is largely instrumental in the development of 
this section, and an officer in a number of other corporations. 
He is a good Democrat in his political preferences and has been 
repeatedly recognized by the party, though he has avoided a 
candidacy for any office, other than that of member of the County 
Board of Education, where he has efficiently served for the past 
five years. Mr. Johnson is fulfilling well his desire for a life of 
usefulness. He is affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, is an 
earnest member of the First Baptist Church, and has taught its 
second largest Bible Class for the past seven years. 

On December 22, 1909, at Hickory, North Carolina, he mar- 
ried Miss Jessie Moser, who was born at Conover, Catawba 
County, November 12, 1884. Her parents were Franklyn Pierce 
and Susan Moser, families represented in the Hillsboro and 



520 THOMAS LESTER JOHNSON 

Salisbury districts of Orange, Randolph and Stokes Counties in 
Revolutionary times. 

t/ 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Johnson is in Lumberton, and 
their children are Thomas Lester, Jr., and Christine. Mutual 
trust and affection make their home complete. Yet Thomas 
Lester Johnson is not concerned merely with the things of his 
household, for his heart beats in unison with all hunianitv. 

*j 

Quoting again from the teacher, some of whose words have 
already been used in these pages : 

"Down the road toward Wilmington, in a growing town, 
there is a young lawyer, newly married, true as steel, a teacher 
in his Sunday-school, the helper of his pastor, a royal spirit who 
finds time as there is opportunity to speak to groups of boys and 
girls and parents a mountain boy, who, as his days are pro- 
longed, will grow in usefulness, in wisdom and power, for he does 
not put himself or his own interest first." 

Such is Thomas Lester Johnson. 



CHARLES SYLVESTER GRINDALL 

FOLLOWING the religious revolution, fathered by Martin 
Luther, and the revolt of Henry VIII when he made war 
on the old Church to which England owed her civilization, 
conditions in the Old World had become intolerable. One 
individual after another set out to preach new doctrines, one 
sect after another sprang up, one and all claiming the right 
to choose their own belief, and to worship God in their own 
fashion, each the object of persecution by all the others, as well 
as by the Governments where new religions were established 
bv law. 

c/ 

The people began to look towards the new world, form col- 
onies and emigrate, hoping to find in a strange, savage land the 
freedom denied them at home. Unfortunately, the most of these 

9J / 

colonists were imbued with ideas of personal liberty alone, con- 
tinuing in the land of their adoption the same persecution of 
those of other beliefs, from which they themselves had suffered 
in the land of their birth. 

The Catholic pioneers of Maryland, to their everlasting 
glory be it recorded, were the first to establish liberty of con- 
science in America, and their colony of Maryland became the 
land of sanctuary. Political changes, ingratitude and venality 
shook the very foundation of her institutions, and her people 
were again subjected to all the miseries of religious persecution. 
But the war of the Revolution brought about the triumph of 
their ideas and principles, and freedom in her majesty began 
to dominate the Nation. Woe to America should the hvdra of 

t> 

" 7 isms" ever succeed in its perennial efforts to inaugurate a 
war of persecution upon the posterity of the wonderful men 
from whose composite brain sprang Minerva-like religious 
liberty. 

Doctor Charles Sylvester Grindall and his wife, Alverta 
Caughey Grindall, are the descendants of some of those men who 
in their day were truly "Makers of America." 

Doctor Grindall's grandfather was a son of John Gibson 
Grindall, of England, whose name he bore in full. He settled 
in Harford County, where, November 17, 1807, he married Ellen 
Wheeler. Of this marriage there were five children, of whom 
one was John Thomas Grindall, the father of Doctor Grindall. 

John Gibson Grindall removed to Chillicothe, Ohio, with all 
his family except John Thomas, who engaged in business at 

[523] 



5-1 CHARLES SYLVESTKIi (iKIXDALL 

Ellicott City with the Ellicotts. Their success was pronounced, 
and as a place for expansion of their interests they chose Balti- 
more. The journey thither was by wagons and horses, through 
the beautiful valley where now the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- 
road runs. 

The arms of that branch of the family of drindall as borne 

it 

in Maryland are thus described : 

Arms: Gules a cross molins or. 

Crest: A dexter arm in armour embowed, the hand hold- 
ing by the blade a sword, point downwards, all proper. 

The Maryland Iron and Chemical Works were established 
with Mr. Grinclall as General Manager. It was this output that 
furnished the acid used in the sending of the first telegraphic 
message from Baltimore to Washington by Professor Morse: 
"What hath God wrought!" 

John Thomas Grindall married Miss Eliza (born in Balti- 
more 1815, died 1883), daughter of Thomas Armstrong, of Balti- 
more, and Ellen Curren Armstrong, of County Tyrone, Ireland. 
Thomas Armstrong, wife and children were living in Backwine 
at the time of the British bombardment of Fort McHenry, and 
of the Battle of North Point during the War of 1812. 

Through the Armstrongs, Mr. Grindall came into possession 
of a large tract of land in South Baltimore, which he divided 
into lots upon which he built houses, selling them on a partial 
payment plan, thereby giving birth to the Building and Loan 
Associations, such a boon to workingmen and others seeking to 
establish homes. Grindall street in South Baltimore still per- 
petuates the name of a man whose whole life was one of devo- 
tion and benevolence to his fellow-men, and when he died. May 
17, 1885, truly was it to be said: "Man goeth to his long home, 
and the mourners go about the streets." 

"Grindall Street" is the title of one of the poems of Folger 
McKinsey, "The Bentztown Bard." The property in this sec- 
tion is still in the possession of Mr. Grindall's son, Doctor C. S. 
Grindall, who with his brothers, Joseph A. and John Ellicott, 
was a trustee of his father's estate, and later administrator of 
that of his brother, John Ellicott, who died, May 3, 1897. 

Doctor Charles Sylvester Grindall was born in Baltimore, 
July 8, 1849. His education was conducted on lines fitted to 
develop the intellect and broaden the outlook of the future phil- 
anthropist. He was sent to the primary school of St. Joseph's 
parish on Barry street. His preparatory studies were made at 
Saint Mary's College, Wilmington, Delaware. His university 
course was pursued at Loyola College, Baltimore, where he re- 
ceived his Master's degree, June 23, 1886. Elected president of 
the Alumni Association, he served a year. Choosing dentistry 
as his profession, he was graduated in 1872 at the Baltimore 



CHARLES SYLVESTER GRINDALL 525 

College of Dentistry. After a post-graduate course at the Uni- 
versity of Maryland, he opened his dental offices in the three- 
hundred block of North Charles Street. 

Well established in a lucrative practice, he married Miss 
Alverta, daughter of Noah Walker Caughey and Mary Jane 
Tormey Caughey. He thus became allied to one of the oldest 
Maryland families, as his wife traces her lineage in a direct 
line to Sir George Calvert, and Leonard Calvert, first Governor 
of Maryland; Governor Robert Brooke, who held that office in 
1652; Colonel Baker Brooke of De La Brooke Manor; Captain 
James Neale ; Honorable John Pile ; Sir Dudley Diggs and others 
no less worthy of renown. The marriage was solemnized at a 
nuptial Mass in the Church of St. Ignatius, Rev. William J. 
Clark, S. J. officiating. 

After some years of successful practice during which he 
made many warm and devoted friends, Dr. Grindall moved his 
offices further upon North Charles Street to number four hun- 
dred and twenty-one. Among the clientele of Doctor Grindall 
were many prominent members of religious orders and of the 
clergy. He was for seven years visiting dental surgeon to the 
Jesuit House of Studies at Woodstock, to St. Agnes College at 
Mount Washington and to others of like standing. 

Doctor Grindall has been one of the foremost of his genera- 
tion, in work for the betterment of social life, and for improve- 
ments making for the greater beauty and attractiveness of the 
city of Baltimore. On the executive committee of the Charles 
Street Improvement Company with his co-workers he has dili- 
gently endeavored to make that street the most beautiful in the 
whole Nation. 

The public department of the City has given him proofs of 
its appreciation of his efforts in behalf of the civic purity. His 
help was most efficient in rooting out and banishing undesirable 
elements and where once were immoral pest spots there are now 
happy homes. 

Privately the charities and good works of Doctor Grindall 
are further reaching than is known. Sickness, suffering, finan- 
cial loss have never appealed to him in vain. 

In 1894 he retired from professional duties, devoting his time 
to the civic and charitable work for which he is so well known. 
For more than half his life he has been connected with the ad- 
mirable work of the society of Saint Vincent de Paul, and his 
exertions have been untiring. He was President of the Special 
Work of the St. Vincent de Paul Society in the Jails and Peni- 

*/ 

tentiaries, the House of Correction and Bay View Asylum. He 
is deeply interested in the penal institutions of his City and 
State. It was through his persistent effort that a Chaplain was 
appointed for the Catholics of the Baltimore City Jail, the Peni- 



526 CHARLES SYLVESTER GRIXPALL 

tentiary and the House of Correction, and also the appointment 
of visitors and religious teachers for these institutions. Altars 
were built in the House of Correction and Penitentiary, and 
libraries installed. The most of the vestments used were do- 
nated through his efforts, as also were many of the beautiful 
statues adorning the walls. To the Little Sisters of the Poor, 
he has been a constant benefactor, and only in eternity may be 
enumerated the number of souls called to the True Faith 
through his zeal. Many graves in consecrated ground have been 

^? t/ c? 

given to the poor and to condemned criminals through his solici- 
tation. 

Among many other works of charity he is a life member 
of the Society for the protection of children, a non-sectarian 
organization, and he is a Director of Dolan's Children's Aid 
Society. 

Doctor Grindall has traveled extensively, in his own coun- 
try and abroad. Three times he has been received in audience 
by Pope Leo XIII and four times by Pope Pius X; a record 
hardly equaled by any other layman of the Church. His last 
visit abroad was made in company with His Eminence Cardinal 
Gibbons, Archbishop Farley of Xew York, Bishop Foley of De- 
troit, Bishop O'Connell of Kichmond, Reverend Louis O'Dono- 
van and Monsignor Lee, the occasion being the fifth anniversary 
of the elevation to the Papal Chair of Pope Pius X. The Car- 
dinal's birth anniversary was celebrated during the voyage, the 
description of the festivities on board ship having been reported 
bv Doctor Grindall most felieitouslv in his letters to the "Balti- 

*s *J 

more Sun." 

Doctor Grindall is a most interesting lecturer, and is in 
great demand by many societies and associations, his lectures 
dealing mainly with his travels in Europe and other parts of 
the world. Perhaps the greatest gratification of his life is in his 
close intimacy with his beloved Cardinal, who frequently singles 
him out to bestow upon him marks of his appreciation. At the 
laying of the cornerstone of the new Saint Charles College, the 
Cardinal requested that Doctor Grindall walk by his side. A 
photograph taken during the procession has been enlarged, one 
copy of which adorns the Cardinal's residence, one is in St. 
Mary's Seminary, one in the Sacred Heart Rectory and one at 

ft// *j 

St. Charles College. No matter where he may be Doctor Grin- 
dall sends the Cardinal a message on his anniversary, once send- 
ing a wireless from sea at a distance of eight hundred miles. 

Through his grandfather, John Gibson Grindall, who dis- 
tinguished himself with the Forty-second and Forty-third Mary- 
land Militia in 1812, and through his other ancestors, Doctor 
Grindall is a member of the Sons of the Revolution ; and the Sons 
of 1812. He is also a member in the Society of Colonial Wars, 



CHARLES SYLVESTER GRINDALL 527 

the Maryland Historical Societies and the National Historical 
Society of New York. He is eligible for membership in other 
patriotic societies. 

The name of Doctor Charles S. Grindall is synonymous 

*. t 

with every work of civic betterment and of charity, and no his- 
tory of the present era of Baltimore could be written in which 
his name would not hold a prominent place. 

Exemplified to its utmost limit in his character is the ol-!. 
old adage : "Blood will tell." It was in 1578, half a century be- 
fore Lord Baltimore's project to found a refuge for Catholics in 
the New World, where delivered from the persecution of the 
penal laws of England, they might worship God in peace follow- 
ing the dictates of conscience, that Sir Humphrey Gilbert, Sir 
George Peckham and Sir Thomas Gerrard obtained a concession 
of the Island of Newfoundand from Queen Elizabeth. By their 
charter they were empowered to make laws: "so as they be not 
against the true Christian faith or religion now professed in the 
Church of England." 

Setting out with a numerous colony of Catholics their ship 
landed at Newfoundland in 1583, but by the unfortunate loss at 
sea of some of the leaders, the whole expedition was a failure. 
Later a son of Sir Thomas Gerrard, Richard, came back in the 
"Ark and Dove" with Hon. Leonard Calvert the first Proprietary 
Governor of Maryland and second son of the first Lord Balti- 
more. Sailing from Cowes in the Isle of Wight, November 22, 
1633, they arrived off the coast of Virginia, February 24, 1634. 
After some delay they sailed up the Potomac, landing on Black - 
iston's Island, where, March 25, the Feast of the Annunciation 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass was 
offered for the first time on the soil of Maryland. 

Sir George Calvert was already interested in Virginia as he 
was a stockholder in the Virginia Company of London; as were 
also Thomas and Nicholas Wheeler. 

The Gerard or Gerrard family is of very ancient lineage. 
Otho, a rich and powerful noble of King Alfred's time, was de- 
scended from the Dukes of Tuscany. The English progenitors 
of the family came from Florence through Norway into Nor- 
mandy, and a few into Wales. Richard Strongbow, Earl of 
Pembroke, was nearly related, and Otho was a Baron of England 
in the time of Edward the Confessor. William Fitz-Otho, Castel- 
lan of Windsor, was appointed Warden of the Fields in Berk- 
shire in 1078. He possessed thirty-five Lordships in the Counties 
of Bucks, Dorset, Middlesex, Wiltshire, Somerset and South- 
ampton, which were in the family before the Conquest, He mar- 
ried Gladys, daughter of a Welsh princess, and their sons Gerald, 
Robert and William were the ancestors of the Gerrards Lords 



528 rilAKLKS SYLYHSTKR <;HIXHALL 

Gerrard of Bromley, Km Is of Macclesfield un<l also of the Car- 
lows and other distinguished families of Great Britain. 

James Gerrar<l, Bishop of Harford, was translated to the 
archbishopric of York in 1100. 

Coming down in a direct line, through intermarriage with 
a descendant of King Edward I, Sir Gilbert Gerrard was ap- 
pointed Attorney General by Queen Elizabeth. 

Sir Thomas Gerrard, his near relative, was sent to the tower 
because of an attempt to release Mary, Queen of Scots, and his 
estates coming from his grandmother were handed over to his 
kinsman, the Attorney General, Sir Gilbert, who was also Mas- 
ter of the Rolls and it seems probable that, like many another 
of that day, he received them as a trust to be one day returned, 
which no doubt he did, as wealth seems to have remained in the 
family. 

Sir Thomas w r as obliged to mortgage many of his other 
estates. One of his sons w r as tortured in the tower, for his devo- 
tion to the cause of Mary, Queen of Scots, but escaped and after- 
wards endowed the College of Liege, where he died. 

Sir Thomas, his son, was created a Baronet among the insti- 
tutions of James I, and the one thousand pounds sterling that he 
offered the King were returned to him in consideration of his 
father's sufferings through his loyalty to the King's mother. 

Sir Thomas, the sixth Baronet, married the daughter of the 
Duke of Somerset, and sister of Lord Seymour. She died in 
1734. Of this marriage there were six sons : Sir William, Rich- 
ard, Peter, Gilbert, Thomas and John. William, Gilbert and 
Thomas are recorded at Greys Inn in 1609-10. Peter Gerrard, 
M.I)., Brasenose College, Oxford, B.A., April 11, 1662, M.A. 
January 18, 1664, M.D. July, 1669, was admitted to the College 
of Physicians in 1671. 

Richard, the second son, went to Marvland with the Cal- 

/ 

verts, but returned to England, served in the army and died 
there. Doctor Thomas Gerrard either came with his brother, 
or after, and remained. He received the grant of St. Clement's 
Island and Manor in 1639. He was a zealous Catholic and it 
was greatly due to his exertions that freedom of worship was 
preserved. To his co-religionists he was a tower of strength. In 
addition to his vast lands in Maryland, he had a grant of a 
thousand acres in Northampton, Virginia. He w T as by far the 
greatest land ow r ner of his time. He married Susannah, sister 
of Justinian and Marniaduke Snow, and died in Virginia in 
1639. Doctor Gerrard was the earliest American ancestor of 
Doctor Charles S. Grindall. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Doctor Thomas Gerrard, married 
Colonel Nehemiah Blakiston in 1669, and thus St. Clement's 
Island went into possession of the Blakistons by whose name it 



CHARLES SYLVESTER GRINDALL 529 

is now known ; Blakiston's Island on the Potomac being a favor- 
ite place of resort for outing parties. 

The Blakiston family of Maryland traces its lineage to the 
Blakiston of Newton Hall, Blakeston, in the Palatinate of Dur- 
ham. A pedigree in Surtees' Durham, carries the line back to 
New Year 1341. 

Rev. Marmaduke Blackiston fifth son of John Blackiston, by 
his first wife Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of Sir George 
Bowes of Dalden and Streatham, Kent, married in 1595 Mar- 
garet Gaines. He died in 1639, his wife predeceased in 1630. 
John, the second of eleven children, was born in 1603, married 
Susan Chambers in 1626. He was Member of Parliament for 
New Castle in 1641 and Mayor of New Castle in 1645, and died 
in 1650. 

Nehemiah, third son of John and Susan Chambers Blakis- 
ton, is named in his father's will in 1649, as the inheritor of 
great grants in Virginia and was born about 1637. It is prob- 
able that he came to America with his uncle George Blakiston 
and his family in 1668. He married in 1669 Elizabeth, daughter 
of Thomas Gerard, Esq., who settled upon him and his heirs 
lands and tenements of great value in St. Mary's County. 
Among these were two tracts, one called Longworth's Point, the 
other Dare's neck containing together four hundred acres, 
which were conveyed to Nehemiah Blakiston and Elizabeth, his 
wife. He was one of the attorneys of the Provincial Court in 
1696; he was Clerk of the King's Customs for Wicomico and 
Potomac Rivers in 1685. In the Revolution of 1689 for his ser- 
vices he received a vote of thanks from the Assembly, and was 
commissioned Captain of a troop of horse in the St. Mary's 
County Militia. In 1690 he was appointed "President of the 
Committee for the Present Government of the Province." In 
1691 he was appointed Chief Justice of the Provincial Court 
of Maryland and in the same year Speaker of the Assembly. 
His commission as Colonel was dated in 1692. He died during 
the following year. Mrs. Blakiston married secondly James 
Rymer in 1696, and thirdly Joshua Gaibert of St. Mary's 
County. Her only children were those of the first marriage. 
She died 1716. 

John, eldest son of Colonel Nehemiah and Elizabeth Gerard 
Blakiston, inherited Longworth's Point from his mother and 
other property from his father. He married Anne Guibert, 
daughter of his stepfather, and died in 1724. Their daughter 
Elizabeth who was the second wife of Roswell Neale of St. 
Mary's County. 

Sir Matthew Blakiston was Lord Mavor of London in 1760, 

d* / 

created Baronet in 1763. In 1753 he was Sheriff of London. He 
was descended from Henrv III. 



SYLVKSTKi: <;UI.\iAM, 



In the Revolutionary Records are found in the Thirteenth 
Virginia Regiment. the names of IJenjanihi Cerrard and Predox 
Blakiston, (War Department 1T.01 and L 



In Dngdale's Visitation of Yorkshire in 1(100 it is recorded 
that Henry O'Neale of the Province of Ulster in Ireland, tempo 
Elizabeth Reg. married the daughter of a Scottish Chieftain. 
His son was John Neal of Bolton in Craven, County York; 
whose grandson George was a physician of London, Master of 
Magdalen College, Oxford in 1741, Doctor of Medicine 1001 and 
was buried at Leeds in 1091. He married "Elizabeth, daughter of 
Francis Jackson, Alderman of Leeds. His son John M. of Dor- 
caster is supposed to be the father of Captain James Neale. 
There were clergymen galore among the Neales. Robert Neale 
in 17:37 was a Prebendary of Wedmore, appointed in 1787, died 
1739. 

A granite boulder has been erected by the Daughters of the 
Revolution, at Parkersburg, West Virginia, to the memory of 
Captain James Neale, American ancestor of the Neales of Mary- 
land. He was born in Drury Lane, London, England, in 1615 
and came over in 1642. From 1043 to 1005 he was a member of 
the council working with great zeal in the interest of the colony, 
and died in 1098. His son Anthony married Elizabeth, only child 
of William and Emma Rosewell of St. Winifred's freehold, St. 
Mary's County, Maryland. Their son, Rosewell Neale, married 
first Mary Brent and secondly Elizabeth Blakistone. The daugh- 
ter Mary by the second wife married Benjamin Wheeler, of 
Prince George County, Maryland, who moved in 1715 to the 
section afterwards embraced in Harford County. The W T heeler 
homesteads were about five miles north of Belair, and the fami- 
lies w^ere prominent in the organization of Harford County 
(1784). The father of Benjamin was Thomas and his grand- 
father Benjamin. He died in 1741 leaving sons: Thomas and 
Benjamin. 

The Reverend Michael Francis Wheeler and his sister 
Frances Helen were children of Benjamin Wheeler, who died in 
1802 and was buried in the cemetery of St. Ignatius a few miles 
distant from Belair, where a monument marks this place of sepul- 
ture. Having lost both parents while still young, the children 
were taken to Baltimore. Frances Helen was the first pupil of 
Mother Seton at the Emittsburg Convent and the first graduate 
of the school, and John Gibson Grindall, the father of Dr. C. S. 
Grindall, administered the estate of Benjamin Wheeler the father 
of Frances Helen. Michael Francis went to St. Mary's Seminary, 
Baltimore, developed a vocation for the priesthood and was 
ordained by Bishop Marechal in 1820. 

His labors as a missionary priest were not unlike those of 

tj A 

St. Paul the Apostle. Perhaps the greatest monument to his 



CHARLES SYLVESTER GRINDALL 531 

memory, is the Convent of the Visitation of Georgetown, to 
which noted Institution he brought the first Sisters from France 
in the days when crossing the ocean was fraught with discom- 
fort and peril as, being before the days of steam navigation, the 
voyage had to be made in small sailing vessels. Rev. Michael 
Francis was spiritual Director at Georgetown Convent and it 
owes to his unceasing efforts the position it has attained as an 
Institution of Learning, where many of the most prominent wo- 
men in America and Europe both Catholic and non-Catholic have 
been educated. After a life of strenuous labor for the salvation 
of souls, Father Wheeler fell a victim to the scourge of cholera, 
in Baltimore in 1832. 

Thomas Wheeler, son of the second Benjamin, was the father 
of Ellen Wheeler who married John Gibson Grindall, grandpar- 
ents of Doctor Charles S. Grindall. 

Among those of note in the family are: Francis Wheeler, 
Archdeacon of Salop in 1684; Benjamin Wheeler, Fellow of Ox- 
ford, Regius Professor of Divinity in 1676 ; Sir Charles Wheeler, 
Baronet, Burgess of Cambridge 1680; Robert Wheeler, Preben- 
dary of Wedmore 1737. 

In the Yorkshire Inquisitions into the extent of lands, 
Thomas de Geuendale and William de Geuendale are men- 
tioned in 42, Henry III (1257) and "Dominus Walterus de 
Grendall" in 19, Edward I (1290) as also Margaret Grendall. 
The examination of the records shows the identity of the families, 
and that the patronymic is one of the so-called place-names. The 
origin of the family has not been further traced. Among the 
later distinguished scions of the Grindall race was James, Pre- 
centor of London in 1560 ; Edmund Grindall, S.T.B., Precentor of 
London, resigned in 1554, when he became Bishop of London. 
He was transferred to the archbishopric of York in 1570, and 
made Archbishop of Canterbury in 1575. He was born at Saint 
Bees in Cumberland in 1520, and died in 1583. It is written of 
him : "Worldly wealth he cared not for, desiring it only to make 
ends meet, and as for the little that lapped over, he gave it to 
pious uses in both universities, and the founding of a free school 
at Saint Bees, the place of his nativity." 

WORTHIES OF CUMBERLAND. 

The first mention of the name found in America is that of 
Edward Grindall in James City in 1623. 



JAMES M. C. LUKE 

JAMES M. C. LUKE, son of Isaac Virginius and Elizabeth 
Holland Luke, was born in Nansemoud County, Virginia. 
His grandfather, William Luke, was a native of Scotland, 
born in 1738, and as William is an oft recurring Christian 
name in the Luke family of England, no doubt the family was 
originally seated there; some of the younger branches scattering 
to Ireland, Scotland, and Wales particularly in the last-named 
principality, in Cornwall-by-the-Sea. 

The families of Luke and Boase were nearly connected by 
marriage, and, according to the Boase or Bowes family records, 
the Lukes settled in the sixteenth century in Paul and Madun, 
Cornwall. It was related that in 1779 a Mr. Luke had offices in 
Penzance, where Boase had "better opportunities for self-in- 
struction than were available at his home in Gear Culval." 

The name of Luke was first prominently known as that of 
the evangelist, who, a native of Antioch, the capital of Syria, was 
of Greek extraction. He was converted by St. Paul, was his dis- 
ciple and companion in his travels, and fellow-laborer in the min- 
istry of the Gospel. He was a physician and a painter, and wrote 
his "Gospel" in Greek, about twenty-four years after the ascen- 
sion of our Saviour. The name probably is derived from Lucania, 
in Greece. 

In this country, Elias Luke was registered as having twenty 
acres of land and three negroes he was living in St. James' 
Parish in Barbados in 1679. This is the first Luke found in Vir- 
ginia records, but later on, among others, most prominent in 1690, 
in Westmoreland County, Virginia, was George Luke, son of 
Oliver Luke, Esquire, of Woodend, Bedfordshire, England. 

This George Luke, after settling in Virginia, married Mrs. 
Smith, widowed sister of William Fitzhugh, through whose ad- 
vice and suggestions George had been sent to Virginia by his 
father, Oliver. He came in 1690 or perhaps a little later. 

The first of the Luke family given in English pedigrees is 
Sir Walter Luke, of Cople, Bedfordshire, a judge of the King's 
bench, who was grandfather of John Luke, of Woodend, in the 
Parish of Cope. The son of the latter, ^Nicholas Luke, married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir John of Bletshoe, and died in 1613. 
His son, Oliver, married Elizabeth, daughter and co-heiress of 
Sir Valentine Knightly, of Faw r sley, Northamptonshire, and was 

[532] 




JAMES M. C. LUKE 



JAMES M. C. LUKE 535 

the father of Sir Samuel Luke, who is supposed to be the hero of 
Hudibras. 

Sir Samuel served in the Long and Short Parliaments, and 
took active part on the popular side; served with distinction in 
the Parliamentary Army, 1643, when, being a Presbyterian he was 
retired by the Leef Denying Ordinance ; was a member of the Con- 
vention of Parliament in 1660, and died in 1670. 

George Luke, of Virginia, was a grandson of Sir Samuel, and 
it is thought that he is the George who was buried at Cople in 
1732. George was the son of Oliver, Sir Samuel's oldest son, and 
Elizabeth Winch, of Emerton, Bedfordshire. He was styled the 
"Last Luke of Woodend," in the inscription on his tomb, but it is 
probable that some of the family early settled in Scotland, and 
that the subject of this sketch is descended from that branch; 
since the William born in Scotland in 1738 must have been the 
William Luke who married Sarah Murray, May 11, 1771, as shown 
by the Lower Norfolk County Records. David Murray was a wit- 
ness. 

In the Lower Norfolk Antiquary Records is a permission 
granted by Isaac Luke, in October, 1782, to Mr. William Porter 
to take out a marriage license to marry his daughter Elizabeth. 
The marriage bond was issued to William Porter and Miss Eliza- 
beth Luke and witnessed bv William Porter and Paul Dale Luke, 

f 7 

the last names showing that the Dales and Lukes had intermar- 
ried as early as the middle of the sixteenth century. 

One of Mr. James M. C. Luke's ancestors was the first settler 
of Portsmouth, Virginia, and either his great-uncle or grandfather 
had a child who married one of Commodore Dale's children. 

Commodore Dale, whose Christian name was Richard, was 
born near Norfolk, Virginia, November 6, 1756, and died in Phila- 
delphia, February 26, 1826. 

He was only twelve years of age when he entered the Mer- 
chant Service, and six years later was made commander of a ship. 
He became a lieutenant in the Virginia Navy, in 1776, and was 
shortly afterward captured and kept on board a prison-ship. 
While there, some royalist schoolmates persuaded him to join an 
English cruiser. He did, but was wounded during an engagement 
with an American fleet, and swore, during convalescence never 
again to put himself in the way of the bullets of his own country- 
men. 

After the Revolution, L>ale served on the brig "Lexington," 
was captured with its crew and officers, thrown into prison, es- 
caped and was recaptured, but finally, disguised as an English 
ofilcer, managed to get to France where he joined John Paul 
Jones and served with distinction on the "Bon Homme Richard." 

Dale was warmly praised by Lord Nelson, who is known to 
have predicted that in Commodore Dale's handling of the trans- 



536 .IAMKS M. C. Ll'KK 

Atlantic squadron, a storm of trouble was brewing for the navy 
of Great Britain. Two of Commodore Dale's sons held commis- 
sions in the navy. 

In IT;")!', Portsmouth, Virginia, was laid off from a farm be- 
longing to Mr. Crawford. Norfolk was the county seat until 1789, 
when Powder Poini, now called Berkeley, became the temporary 
Court House. Twelve years later the county governm